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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 241, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global growth of pistachio production has prompted exploration into sustainable agricultural practices, on the application of humic substances such as fulvic acid in enhancing the quality of horticultural crops. The present study was carried out in Qom province, Iran, on 20 years old pistachio (Pistacia vera L. cv. Kaleh-Ghoochi) trees and investigated the impact of foliar spraying of fulvic acid at varying concentrations (1.5, 3, and 4.5 g L- 1) on the antioxidant and quality properties of pistachio. The different concentrations of fulvic acid were applied at two key stages: at the initiation of pistachio kernel formation (late June) and the development stage of pistachio kernel (late August), as well as at both time points. Following harvest at the horticulturally mature phase, various parameters, including total phenols, flavonoids, soluble proteins, soluble carbohydrate content, antioxidant capacity, and antioxidant enzyme activity, were assessed. RESULTS: Results indicated that foliar application of fulvic acid, particularly at 1.5 g L- 1 during both late June and August, effectively increased phenolic compounds (31.8%) and flavonoid content (24.53%). Additionally, this treatment also augmented antioxidant capacity and heightened the activity of catalase (CAT) (37.56%), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) (63.86%), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) (76.45%). Conversely, peroxidase (POX) (41.54%) activity was reduced in fulvic acid-treated nuts compared with controls. Moreover, the content of chlorophyll (45%) and carotenoids (46.7%) was enhanced using this organic fertilizer. In terms of mineral elements, the increment was observed in zinc (Zn) (58.23%) and potassium (K) (28.12%) amounts in treated nuts. Additionally, foliar application of fulvic acid led to elevated levels of soluble carbohydrates and proteins in treated nuts. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, application of fulvic acid resulted in enhancement of antioxidant activity and quality traits of pistachio nut through an increase in total phenol, flavonoids, chlorophyll, carotenoids, K, Zn, and also activity of antioxidant enzymes. Therefore, use of fulvic acid emerges as a promising strategy to enhance the quality and nutritional attributes of pistachios, contributing to sustainable agricultural practices and improved crop outcomes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Benzopiranos , Pistacia , Antioxidantes/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Fenóis , Carotenoides , Valor Nutritivo , Clorofila
2.
Iran J Med Sci ; 49(3): 137-146, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584649

RESUMO

Background: Malnutrition in children is mainly caused by the lack of protein and fat intake which harms their ability to grow and survive. Accurate data on the benefits of fish-based foods on the nutritional status of children is limited. The present systematic review aimed to provide an overview of published articles on the nutritional value of fish-based foods for children. Methods: A systematic review was performed during 2000-2021 by searching Science Direct, Cochrane Library, PubMed, ProQuest, and Wiley Online Library databases. The full text of selected articles in English was screened based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Included articles were all experimental studies (randomized control trial, quasi-randomized trial) or mixed methods studies involving malnourished children. The study was reported under the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool. Results: A total of 330,859 articles were screened, out of which eight articles were included in the systematic review. Interventions included fish-based foods and beverages such as wafer bars, Jemawut-tuna cookies, Amizate in chocolate drink, dried fish powder, flaxseed oil supplemented with fish oil capsules, and porridge fortified with fish powder. Primary or secondary outcomes were the determination of zinc level, height growth, erythrocyte n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid content, safety and acceptability, intestinal integrity, and cognitive development. The results showed that dried fish powder produced the most significant effect on body weight. Conclusion: The consumption of dried fish powder had positive effects on the recovery of malnourished children.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil , Dieta , Produtos Pesqueiros , Desnutrição , Criança , Humanos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Desnutrição/dietoterapia , Pós , Valor Nutritivo
3.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(3): e13332, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578167

RESUMO

Antarctic krill oil (AKO) is highly sought after by consumers and the food industry due to its richness in a variety of nutrients and physiological activities. However, current extraction methods are not sufficient to better extract AKO and its nutrients, and AKO is susceptible to lipid oxidation during processing and storage, leading to nutrient loss and the formation of off-flavors and toxic compounds. The development of various extraction methods and encapsulation systems for AKO to improve oil yield, nutritional value, antioxidant capacity, and bioavailability has become a research hotspot. This review summarizes the research progress of AKO from extraction to encapsulation system construction. The AKO extraction mechanism, technical parameters, oil yield and composition of solvent extraction, aqueous enzymatic extraction, supercritical/subcritical extraction, and three-liquid-phase salting-out extraction system are described in detail. The principles, choice of emulsifier/wall materials, preparation methods, advantages and disadvantages of four common encapsulation systems for AKO, namely micro/nanoemulsions, microcapsules, liposomes and nanostructured lipid carriers, are summarized. These four encapsulation systems are characterized by high encapsulation efficiency, low production cost, high bioavailability and high antioxidant capacity. Depending on the unique advantages and conditions of different encapsulation methods, as well as consumer demand for health and nutrition, different products can be developed. However, existing AKO encapsulation systems lack relevant studies on digestive absorption and targeted release, and the single product category of commercially available products limits consumer choice. In conjunction with clinical studies of AKO encapsulation systems, the development of encapsulation systems for special populations should be a future research direction.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Euphausiacea , Animais , Estado Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Lipídeos
4.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(3): e13328, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551068

RESUMO

The incomplete absorption of dietary folate makes it crucial to understand how food matrices affect folate bioaccessibility. Bioavailability encompasses bioaccessibility, which depicts the proportion that is liberated from the food matrix during digestion and becomes available for absorption. Bioavailability studies are expensive and difficult to control, whereas bioaccessibility studies utilize in vitro digestion models to parameterize the complex digestion, allowing the evaluation of the effect of food matrices on bioaccessibility. This review covers the folate contents in various food matrices, the methods used to determine and the factors affecting folate bioaccessibility, and the advances and challenges in understanding how food matrices affect folate bioaccessibility. The methods for determining bioaccessibility have been improved in the last decade. Current research shows that food matrices modulate folate bioaccessibility by affecting the liberation and stability of folate during digestion but do not provide enough information about folate and food component interactions at the molecular level. In addition, information on folate interconversion and degradation during digestion is scant, hindering our understanding of the impact of food matrices on folate stability. Moreover, the role of conjugase inhibitors should not be neglected when evaluating the nutritional value of food folates. Due to the complexity of food digestion, holistic methods should be applied to investigate bioaccessibility. By synthesizing the current state of knowledge on this topic, this review highlights the lack of in-depth understanding of the mechanisms of how food matrices modulate folate bioaccessibility and provides insights into potential strategies for accurate evaluation of the nutritional value of dietary folate.


Assuntos
Digestão , Ácido Fólico , Ácido Fólico/análise , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo
5.
J Insect Sci ; 24(2)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554054

RESUMO

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of different protein levels on the growth performance, feed efficiency and nutritional values, and phase feeding of the 2-spotted cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus de Geer). In experiment 1, 4 crude protein (CP) diets were formulated to contain 18%, 20%, 22%, or 24% CP, respectively. A sample of 7-day-old 3,600 crickets was equally divided into 24 plastic boxes (150 crickets each) in a completely randomized design with 4 diets and 6 replications. In experiment 2, 2-phase feedings were used. For starting period (days 7-18), crickets in all treatments were fed a diet containing 22% CP. During the growing period (days 19-35), 3 groups of crickets were fed diets containing 18%, 20%, and 22% CP. In the overall period of experiment 1, the crickets fed with 22% CP diet had greater body weight compared to those fed with 18% CP diet. In addition, the crickets fed with 22% CP diet had the lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR). The broken-line model indicated the growth pattern changed on day 18. In experiment 2, the crickets fed with 20% CP diet from days 19 to 35 had greater growth performance and lower FCR than those fed with 18% CP, but not different from those fed with 22% CP. In conclusion, 22% CP can increase growth performance by improving the feed efficiency of crickets. The implementation of 2-phase feedings using 20% CP, during the growing period, could be considered as a cost-effective strategy for sustainable cricket production.


Assuntos
Críquete , Animais , Dieta , Valor Nutritivo , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Proteínas na Dieta/farmacologia
6.
Nat Food ; 5(3): 183, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509236
7.
Food Chem ; 447: 139032, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513489

RESUMO

This study aimed to characterize Echinus esculentus gonads in terms of biometric parameters and nutritional quality at two sites in Mid-Norway at four different seasons. The chemical contamination of the gonads was also investigated for the first time through the evaluation of 28 macro- and trace elements and 32 components from the emerging and persistent group per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). The spawning period was determined in summer, given that the gonad index was the lowest in this season for both sites. Protein concentrations were constant (8%-10%). However, lipid contents (1%-3%) were noticed to be higher in gonads during autumn and winter. The gonads had high contents of PUFA mainly EPA and DHA, followed by SFA, and MUFA year around for both locations. E. esculentus gonads constitute a good source of fatty acids, macro, and trace elements. This species could also be a bioindicator for the monitoring of marine environments.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Animais , Estações do Ano , Oligoelementos/análise , Ouriços-do-Mar/metabolismo , Gônadas/química , Noruega , Valor Nutritivo
8.
Animal ; 18(3): 101103, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442540

RESUMO

Red meat has been a critical part of human diets for millennia, providing a source of high-quality protein, micronutrients and essential fatty acids. However, as societies evolved and industrialisation reshaped our food systems, there has been a noticeable shift in meat-eating trends driven by concerns about the environmental impact of meat production and its potential risk to health. Yet, despite falling out of favour with some dietary experts and influencers, meat has an important role in a healthy diet and most adults still consume it. This article explores the nutritional value of red meat, authorised nutrition and health claims, how red meat fits into diet, providing the example of the United Kingdom (UK), and the health benefits and risks associated with both eating and avoiding red meat. Benefits of red meat include nutrient density and bioavailability while risks include colorectal cancer at high intakes of processed meats, based on observational studies. Benefits of meat-free diets include a lower risk of chronic diseases, based on observational studies, while risks include nutrient inadequacy, higher bone fracture risk and low protein quality. Hence, a wholesale shift to plant-based diets may not benefit adults who are vulnerable to sub-optimal nutrient intakes, such as women of child-bearing age and the elderly. More evidence from randomised controlled trials is recommended to fully understand the benefits and risks of both meat-containing and meat-free diets.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Carne Vermelha , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Carne , Valor Nutritivo
9.
Talanta ; 272: 125801, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447466

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of mixed L. acidophilus LA-5 and enrichment with microalgae (C. vulgaris and A. platensis) on metabolomic formation in a brined cheese matrix. Microbiological, compositional, and metabolomic characterization were investigated during the ripening. It was found that the nutritional quality indices of the samples were based on amino acid and fatty acid characterization. Fifty-six metabolomics including fatty acids, amino acids, organic acids, minerals, and vitamins were detected using the HPLC-DAD, GC-MS, and ICP-OES-based methods. The results indicated that the enrichment with probiotic strain and microalgae led to an increase in the nutritional quality indices such as EAAI, NI, BV, MUFA/SFA, h/H, and DFA. The chemometric analysis (e.g. HCA and PCA) presented the variance between the cheese samples based on their attributes. The identification of cheese metabolomics throughout the ripening could be used for a better understanding of the functional ingredients-cheese matrix relationships and as a directive approach for novel dairy products in other metabolomic-related studies.


Assuntos
Queijo , Microalgas , Probióticos , Aminoácidos/análise , Queijo/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Lactobacillus acidophilus/metabolismo , Valor Nutritivo , Probióticos/metabolismo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541260

RESUMO

Claims used in the marketing of commercial baby foods are often misleading, and there are concerns that they exploit parental anxieties. We adapted a hierarchical consumer emotions model to explore the emotional themes used in the marketing of commercial baby foods sold in the UK market. A survey administered in three large UK supermarkets collected in-store data on commercial baby food characteristics and the marketing claims used on commercial baby food packaging. The keywords found in these claims were entered in N-Vivo and allocated to four preexisting emotional themes: contentment, happiness, love, and pride. The prevalence of each theme was compared by age suitability (4+, 6+, 9+, and 12+ months) and taste (sweet/savoury) profile. A total of 1666 marketing claims (median 5, IQR 3) and 1003 emotional keywords (median 3, IQR 3) were identified on the packaging of 341 commercial baby foods. Foods suitable for infants aged 6+ months displayed more claims (50%, p < 0.05) and emotional keywords (56%, p = 0.07). Savoury foods displayed more emotional keywords (63%, p < 0.001). The keywords "little", "encourage", "love(ly)", and "tiny" were the most frequently used words under the theme of love (36% total contribution). The emotional connotations of the keywords under the theme "love" are extensively used in the marketing claims on commercial baby food packaging. These might exploit parental vulnerabilities and influence their purchasing of commercial baby foods.


Assuntos
Alimentos Infantis , Marketing , Lactente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Valor Nutritivo , Emoções , Reino Unido
11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(7): 4371-4382, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whole-grain rice noodles are a kind of healthy food with rich nutritional value, and their product quality has a notable impact on consumer acceptability. The quality evaluation model is of great significance to the optimization of product quality. However, there are few methods that can establish a product quality prediction model with multiple preparation conditions as inputs and various quality evaluation indexes as outputs. In this study, an artificial neural network (ANN) model based on a backpropagation (BP) algorithm was used to predict the comprehensive quality changes of whole-grain rice noodles under different preparation conditions, which provided a new way to improve the quality of extrusion rice products. RESULTS: The results showed that the BP-ANN using the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm and the optimal topology (4-11-8) gave the best performance. The correlation coefficients (R2) for the training, validation, testing, and global data sets of the BP neural network were 0.927, 0.873, 0.817, and 0.903, respectively. In the validation test, the percentage error in the quality prediction of whole-grain rice noodles was within 10%, indicating that the BP-ANN could accurately predict the quality of whole-grain rice noodles prepared under different conditions. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the quality prediction model of whole-grain rice noodles based on the BP-ANN algorithm was effective, and suitable for predicting the quality of whole-grain rice noodles prepared under different conditions. © 2024 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Oryza , Redes Neurais de Computação , Algoritmos , Grãos Integrais , Valor Nutritivo
12.
Nutrients ; 16(5)2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474707

RESUMO

Processed meat products are one of the most consumed pre-packaged foods in China. They are also group-1 carcinogens, whose consumption has proved to be positively associated with the risk of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The purpose of this study is to analyze the nutrient content on the food label of processed meat products based on the China Standardized Database for the Composition of Pre-packaged Food and the National Open Database of the UK and France. The Chilean front-of-pack warning label (FOPWL) and the Chinese Healthier Choice Logo were used to compare the nutrient content of processed meat products from the three countries. It was found that cured meat products have the highest median energy (483 kcal/100 g), total fat content (38.7 g/100 g), and sodium content (2076 mg/100 g) and dried meat products have the highest median protein content (30.2 g/100 g) and carbohydrate content (38.2 g/100 g). In addition, there were significant differences in energy content and contents of total fat, protein, and carbohydrate across different products of the three countries (p < 0.001). A large number of processed meat products currently collected did not meet the criteria of the Chilean FOPWL and the Chinese Healthier Choice Logo. This study provided information on the healthiness of Chinese processed meat products and provided data for improving food formulations for different categories of processed meat products.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne , Nutrientes , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo , Carboidratos
13.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0301203, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536773

RESUMO

Environmental pollution and overfishing of wild fish resources have led to a significant decrease in snakehead fish, thus leading to the increased demand for breeding the snakehead fish. Guangdong and Deqing snakehead fish are two common consumed varieties. However, their nutritional value was unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the nutritional value of snakehead fish from Guangdong and Deqing varieties feeding with different fodders by analyzing and comparing the proximate composition, fatty acids and amino acids. Results showed that the contents of carbohydrate, energy and fat contents in Guangdong variety were lower than that in Deqing variety feeding commercial fodder or offal. Besides, Guangdong variety contained the highest contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids (27.99 ± 1.99%) and EPA + DHA (2.70 ± 0.04%), as well as total essential amino acid content (2550.29), compared to Deqing variety feeding commercial fodder or offal. Overall, snakehead fish from Guangdong variety displayed the highest nutritional value, and thus was a reasonable choice for farmers and consumers. The findings of this study would help farmers to choose the suitable feeding variety and patterns of snakehead fish from the perspective of fish nutritional value, which is beneficial to the sustainable fish farming.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Pesqueiros , Animais , Peixes , Valor Nutritivo , Carne
14.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2024: 9980936, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510569

RESUMO

This study was carried out to determine the mineral content and nutritional properties of five wild fruits Rhus vulgaris, Rosa abyssinica, Rhus natalensis, Euclea racemosa, and Ficus sur. The proximate composition parameters (moisture, ash, crude fiber, crude fat, and crude protein) and antinutritional factors were evaluated using methods of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists and elemental analysis using the atomic absorption spectroscopy technique. Among the five wild edible fruit species, Rhus vulgaris had the highest carbohydrate content (83.3 ± 0.28 g/100 g) and a high total energy (344.5 ± 2.21 kcal/100 g). Euclea racemosa was found to have the maximum ash content (12.8 ± 0.37 g/100 g), protein content (3.22 ± 0.01 g/100 g), and moisture (16.24 ± 0.003 g/100 g), respectively. Rhus natalensis showed the highest fiber content (9.54 ± 0.003 g/100 g). Mineral analysis showed that local wild fruits contained a considerable amount of minerals. The calcium concentration ranged from 99.51 mg/100 g in Euclea racemosa to 160.12 mg/100 g in Ficus sur. Potassium concentration varied from 54.34 mg/100 g in Euclea racemosa to 234 mg/100 g in Rhus vulgaris. Iron ranges from 21.4 mg/100 g in Rosa abyssinica to 41 mg/100 g in Rhus natalensis, and zinc ranges from 2.3 mg/100 g in Rhus vulgaris to 4.2 mg/100 g in Ficus sur. A high saponin content (2.12 mg/100 g) and a low tannin content (0.23 mg/100 g) were obtained in Rosa abyssinica. The phytate content (1.52 mg/100 g) and the oxalate content (0.9 mg/100 g) were high in Rhus natalensis. In conclusion, the present study shows that wild fruits can be used as food supplementation in food in a safe area.


Assuntos
Frutas , Minerais , Frutas/química , Etiópia , Valor Nutritivo , Minerais/análise , Zinco/análise , Carboidratos/análise
15.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542738

RESUMO

Although meat and meat products are important sources of protein in the human diet, consumption appears to be a predisposing factor in the onset of several civilisation diseases, particularly red meat and its products. One way to reduce diet-related diseases is to guide consumers towards consciously purchasing healthier foods by including a nutrition declaration on product labels, such as by using a "front-of-pack" (FOP) labelling system. This study aimed to determine the Nutri-Score classes for processed meat products, distinguish products that are potentially better for consumers, and determine whether the refined algorithm significantly contributed to a change in product classification. An analysis of the labels of 1700 products available on the Polish market indicated that most processed meat products qualified as class D and E. Comparing the refined Nutri-Score calculation algorithm with the original algorithm resulted in a slight change in product allocation. Poultry products were ranked more favourably than red meat products. The most significant change in product allocation (by 35.2%) was achieved by reducing salt content by 30% and fat content by 10%. Among the processed meat products, some are more highly ranked and are hence considered better from a nutritional perspective than others in that group.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne , Humanos , Polônia , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Valor Nutritivo , Dieta , Comportamento do Consumidor , Preferências Alimentares
16.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542803

RESUMO

Nutri-Score is a front-of-pack label that visualizes the nutritional quality of food products from most healthy (A, dark green) to least healthy (E, red). However, concerns have been raised about discrepancies between Nutri-Score labels and dietary recommendations. Therefore, the Nutri-Score algorithm has recently been adapted. To investigate the effect of the new algorithm, the Nutri-Score of plant-based meat, fish, and dairy alternatives (n = 916) was calculated with the old and new algorithms. In addition, the nutritional values of meat and milk alternatives with Nutri-Score labels A and B were compared under the old and new conditions and subsequently assessed for alignment with the criteria of Dutch dietary guidelines. The new algorithm resulted in a reduction in the number of products with labels A and B, ranging from 5% (cold cuts alternatives) to 55% (milk alternatives). The nutritional composition of products with labels A and B improved for meat alternatives (lower energy and saturated fatty acid contents; higher protein content) and milk alternatives (lower energy, salt, and sugar contents; higher protein and fiber contents). Overall, the new Nutri-Score algorithm is more in line with the Dutch dietary guidelines for plant-based meat and dairy alternatives, though challenges remain with respect to micronutrient (iron, calcium, vitamin B12), salt, and protein contents.


Assuntos
Peixes , Cloreto de Sódio , Animais , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Algoritmos , Carne , Valor Nutritivo , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Preferências Alimentares
17.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542949

RESUMO

Orychophragmus violaceus (L.) O. E. Schulz (Brassicaceae) is widely distributed and plentiful in China and has been widely used for its application in ornamental, oil, ecology, foraging, and food. Recent studies have revealed that the main components of Orychophragmus violaceus include flavonoids, alkaloids, phenylpropanoids, phenolic acids, terpenoids, etc., which have pharmacological activities such as antioxidation, antiradiation, antitumor, hepatic protection, antiferroptosis, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial. In this paper, the nutritional value, chemical compositions, pharmacological activity, and application value of Orychophragmus violaceus are summarized by referring to the relevant domestic and international literature to provide a reference for further research, development, and utilization of Orychophragmus violaceus in the future.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Brassicaceae , Brassicaceae/química , Alimentos , Fígado , Valor Nutritivo
18.
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(3)2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food reformulation is promoted as a tool to improve the nutritional quality of population diets. However, the potential impact of industry-wide reformulation on dietary intake has been investigated minimally. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to estimate the impact on the French population nutrient intakes of industry-wide reformulation towards healthier products using the updated nutrient profiling system underpinning the front-of-pack nutrition label Nutri-Score (uNS-NPS). METHODS: Dietary data were retrieved from the Nutrinet-Santé cohort at baseline (N=100 418), providing detailed information regarding participants' food choices (N>3000 generic food items). Each individual food from 24 hours dietary record was matched with French food market data from OpenFoodFacts database (N=119 073 products). Three scenarios were constructed using nutrient content of currently existing food products: (1) all products available (baseline situation); (2) only existing products of better nutritional quality were available as potential substitutes and (3) only existing products of poorer quality were available. The assessment of the nutritional quality was based on the uNS-NPS score. Finally, dietary intakes were calculated for each scenario after random attribution of healthier/less healthy products as dietary choices. Monte-Carlo iterations (n=300) were conducted to generate uncertainty intervals. RESULTS: After simulation of reformulation using scenario 2, reduction in daily intake in comparison with the baseline situation was observed for energy (-55 kcal/day, -2.9%), saturated fat (-2.4g/day, -7.6%), sugar (-4.8g/day, -5.3%) and salt (-0.54g/day, -8.3%) and increase was observed for fibre (+1.0g/day, +4.9%). Improvements in diet quality were observed regardless of the overall quality of diet. The most important contributors to diet improvement were the followings: (1) sugars: sugary products, sweet bakery products and dairy products; (2) saturated fat: sweet bakery products, dairy products and prepared dishes and (3) salt: bread, prepared dishes, vegetable preparations and soups. CONCLUSION: Widespread reformulation of food offer appeared to be an opportunity for improving nutritional status at population level in France.


Assuntos
Dieta , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo , Estado Nutricional , França
19.
Nat Food ; 5(2): 102-110, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356074

RESUMO

In 2023, the algorithm underlying the Nutri-Score front-of-pack label was updated to better align with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) across countries engaged in the system. On the basis of a comparison of FBDGs and literature reviews with the current Nutri-Score classification, modification scenarios were developed and tested in nutritional composition databases of branded products in four countries. The updated Nutri-Score nutrient profile model allows a better discrimination between products, in closer alignment with FBDGs, while the updated algorithm adopts a stricter approach for products that are high in components of concern (including non-nutritive sweeteners) and low in favourable dietary components. The updated Nutri-Score algorithm increases the alignment between the front-of-pack label system and FBDGs, strengthening its potential as a complementary public health tool in an international perspective.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo , Preferências Alimentares , Saúde Pública
20.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1296704, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420036

RESUMO

Packaging design is a communication device and a critical component in branding strategy, and has relevance for food policy. Presently, packaging-related nutrition policy initiatives focus on the role of regulated claims, nutrition information panels and front-of-pack nutrition labels to help guide consumer food choices and address high prevalences of discretionary and ultra-processed food consumption in many countries. However, these nutrition labelling systems are not optimized as public health policy tools as many consumers do not use them to inform their food choices. Visual communication design theory posits that a designer orders the elements and principles of design into hierarchies that prioritize certain elements over others, and that some of these elements are more dominant and given more emphasis than others. The overall design of the package thereby directs consumer attention to some aspects of pack design (e.g., characters, contents of the package) and away from others (e.g., nutrition details). Dual processing frameworks propose that food decisions are made with the interplay between automatic and rational thinking processes. Packaging designs affect whether consumers rely predominantly on automatic or rational thinking to select a food. This narrative review outlines the role of food packaging design and how it impacts the clear communication of nutrition aspects of food products and how the use of nutrition information by consumers to make decisions may depend upon design structures in packaging. This article attests that nutrition scientists and policy makers should incorporate visual communication design into research on the food packaging as a public health promotion tool. A stronger focus on the communication of regulated front-of-pack nutrition information can be made with a re-evaluation of the hierarchy of elements in the front-of-pack design enabling consumers to make healthier decisions.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo , Comportamento do Consumidor , Preferências Alimentares
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