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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e17908, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914010

RESUMO

This study is to determine accuracy of abdominal ultrasound and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for placenta accreta in the second and third trimester of pregnancy and to define the most relevant features of abdominal ultrasound and MRI for placenta accreta prediction.Between September 2012 and September 2018, 245 high risk of placenta accreta in the second trimester of pregnancy were prenatal diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound and MRI and they were followed up until the end of pregnancy.Forty-six patients at the second trimester of pregnancy and 40 patients at the third trimester of pregnancy were confirmed as placenta accreta. For the second and third trimester of pregnancy, the sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV) of abdominal ultrasound were 95.65% versus 97.50%, 91.78% versus 90.70%, 88% versus 83%, and 97% versus 99%, respectively, while the Se, Sp, PPV, and NPV of MRI were 89.13% versus 92.50%, 87.67% versus 8721%, 82% versus 77%, and 93% versus 96%, respectively. Five features having significant statistical differences between normal placentation women and placenta accreta patients in second or third trimester of pregnancy, including loss of the normal retroplacental clear space, thinning or disappearance of the myometrium, increased vascularization at the uterine serosa-bladder wall interface, and vascularization perpendicular to the uterine wall on abdominal ultrasound, and uterine bulging and dark intraplacental bands on MRI.Abdominal ultrasound and MRI for placenta accreta in the second and third trimester of pregnancy could provide meaningful imaging evidences.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta/anormalidades , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Miométrio/patologia , Placenta Acreta/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/normas , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Útero/patologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18545, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914029

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the impact of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) on the prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) before and after intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).Pre/post-treatment and changes in inflammatory biomarker levels of 207 patients who were diagnosed with NPC and received IMRT between January 2012 and December 2014 were analyzed, and the cellular biomarker analyses were from patient blood. ROC (receiver operating characteristic) analysis was used to decide the optimal cutoff values of NLR and changes in NLR (ΔNLR) and PLR (ΔPLR). The Kaplan-Meier and logarithmic rank methods were used to compare overall survival times between groups. Univariate analysis was used to investigate the effects of age, gender, histology, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), TNM stage, clinical stage, course of disease and lymphocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts as well as alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels on the prognosis of NPC. The independent predictors of OS were determined by Cox multivariate regression analysis.The optimal cut-off values of NLR, PLR, ΔNLR and ΔPLR were 2.49, 155.82, 1.80, and 100.00, respectively. These were used to classify patients into high (NLR > 2.49) and low NLR groups (NLR < 2.49); high (PLR>155.82) and low (PLR < 155.82) PLR groups; high (ΔNLR>1.80) and low ΔNLR groups (ΔNLR < 1.80); high (ΔPLR > 100.00) and low ΔPLR groups (ΔPLR < 100.00). TNM stage, clinical stage and ALP levels were highly correlated with high NLR and PLR. Cox multivariate regression analysis suggested that the ΔNLR (HR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.33∼2.78) was independent of the characteristics for NPC.As a novel inflammatory index, ΔNLR appears to have some predictive power for the prognosis of patients with NPC.


Assuntos
Linfócitos/efeitos da radiação , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neutrófilos/efeitos da radiação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Plaquetas/patologia , Plaquetas/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neutrófilos/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18571, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature on the significance of systemic immune-inflammation index in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the results were inconsistent due to the small sample size and different study endpoints. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to further systematically and comprehensively verify the prognostic role of the SII in HCC. METHODS: Several databases were searched systematically, and relevant papers were selected. The main outcome measure was overall survival (OS); the secondary outcome measure was a composite of time to recurrence (TTR), progression-free survival (PFS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: Ten published retrospective studies involving 2796 HCC patients were included. The results revealed that elevated pre-treatment SII was related to lower OS (HR:1.54, P < .001) and earlier TTR (HR:1.77, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated SII is a poor prognostic factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The clinical application of SII is encouraged to evaluate the progress of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(1): 30-38, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In order to reduce alcohol relapse after liver transplantation (LT), the German national guidelines for waiting-list maintenance and organ allocation demand a minimum 6-month period of alcohol abstinence pre-LT, confirmed by measuring urinary ethyl glucuronide (uEtG). METHODS: Between January 2015 and June 2016, uEtG was measured at least once in 339 cirrhotic patients with an indication for LT at the University Medical Center Mainz. uEtG was measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) screening test (cutoff value: 500 µg/L). For uEtG values ≥ 500 µg/L, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was performed as a confirmatory assay. Data were collected prospectively in a transplant database. RESULTS: Of the 339 potential liver transplant candidates, uEtG was negative in 86.4 %. Most patients were male (64.3 %), with an average age of 56.42 ±â€Š10.1 years. In the multivariate analysis, mean corpuscular volume (p = 0.001), urinary creatinine (p = 0.001), gamma-glutamyl transferase (p = 0.001), and hemoglobin (p = 0.003) were significantly associated with a positive uEtG test result. The sensitivity of the ELISA screening test was 100 % for uEtG values > 2000 µg/L, as confirmed by LC-MS/MS. CONCLUSION: uEtG is an effective parameter to reveal alcohol consumption by patients on the waiting list for LT. The sensitivity of the ELISA is excellent for uEtG values > 2000 µg/L, for which LC-MS/MS confirmation could be omitted.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Glucuronatos/urina , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/urina , Transplante de Fígado , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Idoso , Biomarcadores/urina , Cromatografia Líquida , Estudos de Coortes , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Etanol/sangue , Etanol/urina , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Listas de Espera
5.
J Urol ; 203(1): 62-72, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Studies indicate that molecular subtypes in muscle invasive bladder cancer predict the clinical outcome. We evaluated whether subtyping by a simplified method and established classifications could predict the clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We subtyped institutional cohort 1 of 52 patients, including 39 with muscle invasive bladder cancer, an Oncomine™ data set of 151 with muscle invasive bladder cancer and TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) data set of 402 with muscle invasive bladder cancer. Subtyping was done using simplified panels (MCG-1 and MCG-Ext) which included only transcripts common in published studies and were analyzed for predicting metastasis, and cancer specific, overall and recurrence-free survival. TCGA data set was further analyzed using the Lund taxonomy, the Bladder Cancer Molecular Taxonomy Group Consensus and TCGA 2017 mRNA subtype classifications. RESULTS: Muscle invasive bladder cancer specimens from cohort 1 and the Oncomine data set showed intratumor heterogeneity for transcript and protein expression. MCG-1 subtypes did not predict the outcome on univariate or Kaplan-Meier analysis. On multivariate analysis N stage (p ≤0.007), T stage (p ≤0.04), M stage (p=0.007) and/or patient age (p=0.01) predicted metastasis, cancer specific and overall survival, and/or the cisplatin based adjuvant chemotherapy response. In TCGA data set publications showed that subtypes risk stratified patients for overall survival. Consistently the MCG-1 and MCG-Ext subtypes were associated with overall but not recurrence-free survival on univariate and Kaplan-Meier analyses. TCGA data set included 21 low grade specimens of the total of 402 and subtypes associated with tumor grade (p=0.005). However, less than 1% of muscle invasive bladder cancer cases are low grade. In only high grade specimens the MCG-1 and MCG-Ext subtypes could not predict overall survival. On univariate analysis subtypes according to the Bladder Cancer Molecular Taxonomy Group Consensus, TCGA 2017 and the Lund taxonomy were associated with tumor grade (p <0.0001) and overall survival (p=0.01 to <0.0001). Regardless of classification, subtypes had about 50% to 60% sensitivity and specificity to predict overall and recurrence-free survival. On multivariate analyses N stage and lymphovascular invasion consistently predicted recurrence-free and overall survival (p=0.039 and 0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Molecular subtypes reflect bladder tumor heterogeneity and are associated with tumor grade. In multiple cohorts and subtyping classifications the clinical parameters outperformed subtypes for predicting the outcome.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Transcriptoma
6.
J Urol ; 203(1): 73-82, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389764

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prostate specific antigen testing results in unnecessary biopsy and over diagnosis with consequent overtreatment. Tissue biopsy is an invasive procedure associated with significant morbidity. More accurate noninvasive or minimally invasive diagnostic approaches should be developed to avoid unnecessary prostate biopsy and over diagnosis. We investigated the potential of using circulating tumor cell analysis in cancer diagnosis, particularly to predict clinically significant prostate cancer in prebiopsy cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 155 treatment naïve patients with prostate cancer and 98 before biopsy for circulating tumor cell enumeration. RNA was extracted from circulating tumor cells of 184 patients for gene expression analysis. The Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman rank tests, multivariate logistic regression and the random forest method were applied to assess the association of circulating tumor cells with aggressive prostate cancer. RESULTS: Of patients with localized prostate cancer 54% were scored as having positive circulating tumor cells, which was associated with a higher Gleason score (p=0.0003), risk group (p <0.0001) and clinically significant prostate cancer (p <0.0001). In the prebiopsy group a positive circulating tumor cell score combined with prostate specific antigen predicted clinically significant prostate cancer (AUC 0.869). A 12-gene panel prognostic for clinically significant prostate cancer was also identified. When combining the prostate specific antigen level, the circulating tumor cell score and the 12-gene panel, the AUC of clinically significant prostate cancer prediction was 0.927. Adding those data to cases with available multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging data significantly increased prediction accuracy (AUC 0.936 vs 0.629). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating tumor cell analysis has the potential to significantly improve patient stratification by prostate specific antigen and/or multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging for biopsy and treatment.


Assuntos
Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biópsia , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1105): 20190738, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of MRI in comparison to single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT in patients with painful hip arthroplasties. METHODS: A prospective, multi-institutional study was performed. Therefore, 35 consecutive patients (21 female, 14 male, mean age 61.8 ± 13.3 years) with 37-painful hip arthroplasties were included. A hip surgeon noted the most likely diagnosis based on clinical examination and hip radiographs. Then, MRI and SPECT/CT of the painful hips were acquired. MRI and SPECT/CT were assessed for loosening, infection, fracture, tendon pathology and other abnormalities. Final diagnosis and therapy was established by the hip surgeon after integration of MRI and SPECT/CT results. The value of MRI and SPECT/CT for diagnosis was assessed with a 3-point scale (1 = unimportant, 2 = helpful, 3 = essential). RESULTS: Loosening was observed in 13/37 arthroplasties (6 shaft only, 6 cup only, 1 combined). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for loosening of MRI were 86%/88%/60%/100% and of SPECT/CT 93%/97%/90%/100%, respectively. MRI and SPECT/CT diagnosed infection correctly in two of three patients and fractures in two patients, which were missed by X-ray. MRI detected soft tissue abnormalities in 21 patients (6 bursitis, 14 tendon lesions, 1 pseudotumor), of which only 1 tendon abnormality was accurately detected with SPECT/CT. All 5 arthroplasties with polyethylene wear were correctly diagnosed clinically and with both imaging modalities. MRI and SPECT/CT were judged as not helpful in 0/0%, as helpful in 16%/49% and essential in 84%/51%. CONCLUSION: In patients with painful hip arthroplasty SPECT/CT is slightly superior to MR in the assessment of loosening. MRI is far superior in the detection of soft tissue, especially tendon pathologies. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: To our knowledge this is the first prospective, multiinstitutional study which compares MRI with SPECT/CT in painful hip arthroplasties. We found that MRI is far superior in the detection of soft tissue pathologies, whereas SPECT/CT remains slightly superior regarding loosening.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Falha de Prótese , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 35-41, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296605

RESUMO

AIMS: Precision medicine therapy is remodelling the diagnostic landscape of cancer. The success of these new therapies is often based on the presence or absence of a specific mutation in a tumour. The Idylla platform is designed to determine the mutational status of a tumour as quickly and accurately as possible, as a rapid, accurate diagnosis is of the utmost importance for the treatment of patients. This is the first complete prospective study to investigate the robustness of the Idylla platform for EGFR, KRAS and BRAF mutations in non-small cell lung cancer, metastatic colorectal cancer and metastatic melanoma, respectively. METHODS: We compared prospectively the Idylla platform with the results we obtained from parallel high-throughput next-generation sequencing, which is the current gold standard for mutational testing. Furthermore, we evaluated the benefits and disadvantages of the Idylla platform in clinical practice. Additionally, we reviewed all the published Idylla performance articles. RESULTS: There was an overall agreement of 100%, 94% and 94% between the next-generation panel and the Idylla BRAF, KRAS and EGFR mutation test. Two interesting discordant findings among 48 cases were observed and will be discussed together with the advantages and shortcoming of both techniques. CONCLUSION: Our observations demonstrate that the Idylla cartridge for the EGFR, KRAS and BRAF mutations is highly accurate, rapid and has a limited hands-on time compared with next-generation sequencing.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Mutação , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/secundário , Neoplasias/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Fluxo de Trabalho
9.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 1-6, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308255

RESUMO

Traditionally, immunohistochemistry (IHC) is used by pathologists to localise specific proteins or peptides in tissue slides. In the era of personalised medicine, however, molecular tissue analysis becomes indispensable for correct diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic decision, not only on the DNA or mRNA level but also on the protein level. Combining molecular information with imaging presents many advantages. Therefore, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS) is a promising technique to be added to the armamentarium of the pathologist. Here, we focus on the workflow, advantages and drawbacks of both MALDI IMS and IHC. We also briefly discuss a few other protein imaging modalities and give examples of applications.


Assuntos
Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Imuno-Histoquímica , Serviço Hospitalar de Patologia , Patologia Clínica/métodos , Proteômica/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Difusão de Inovações , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fluxo de Trabalho
10.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 30-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315894

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the presence of human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A), HHV-6B and HHV-7 in samples of the uterine cervix through detection of viral DNA. We analysed normal tissues, samples with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs). We correlated the presence of HHV-6 and HHV-7 with the finding of human papillomavirus (HPV) in mucosal samples. METHODS: Cervical samples were examined and grouped as follows: group 1 (n=29), normal cytology; group 2 (n=61), samples with LSIL; group 3 (n=35), samples with HSIL. Molecular biology examinations were performed in all samples to detect HHV-6, HHV-7 and HPV DNA and to typify HHV-6 species. RESULTS: Group 1: normal cytology and HPV (-): HHV-6: 6.8% (2/29), HHV-7: 79.3% (23/29); group 2: LSIL and HPV (-): HHV-6: 93.1% (27/29), HHV-7: 96.5% (28/29); LSIL and HPV (+): HHV-6: 0% (0/32), HHV-7: 90.6% (29/32); group 3: HSIL and HPV (-): HHV-6: 20% (2/10), HHV-7: 70% (7/10); HSIL HPV (+): HHV-6: 12% (3/25), HHV-7: 68% (17/25). HHV-6A DNA was not detected in any samples. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Both HHV-6 and HHV-7 infect the mucosal cells of the cervix with higher prevalence of HHV-7. (2) The higher prevalence of HHV-6 in LSIL HPV (-) samples compared with those with normal cytology indicates that it constitutes a possible risk factor for atypia production. (3) The presence of HHV-7 in all samples questions its role in the production of atypia. (4) The finding of HHV-6 and HHV-7 suggests that the cervical mucosa is a possible transmission pathway for these viruses.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , DNA Viral/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 6/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 7/genética , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Infecções por Roseolovirus/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Feminino , Testes de DNA para Papilomavírus Humano , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções por Roseolovirus/genética , Infecções por Roseolovirus/transmissão , Infecções por Roseolovirus/virologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/genética , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 23-29, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422372

RESUMO

AIMS: The histological distinction of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) from metastatic adenocarcinoma remains a challenge. The primary goal was to evaluate the diagnostic value of morphology and albumin expression in the diagnosis of ICC. METHODS: We evaluated morphological patterns in 120 ICCs and 677 non-hepatic adenocarcinomas and performed in situ hybridisation (ISH) stain for albumin in the former cohort (retrospective cohort). We also identified 119 samples from primary and metastatic lesions, the validation cohort, in which albumin ISH was performed as part of the diagnostic workup. Targeted sequencing was performed on selected cases. We also mined existing expression profiling data including cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) (41 760 unique samples). RESULTS: In the retrospective cohort, 45% of ICCs and <1% of non-hepatic adenocarcinomas showed a cholangiolar pattern; albumin ISH was positive in 93% of ICCs with significant intratumorous heterogeneity. In the validation cohort, 29% of ICCs showed a cholangiolar pattern and 88% expressed albumin, while all metastatic non-hepatic neoplasms were negative (n=37) (sensitivity 88% and specificity 100%). Targetable genetic alterations (IDH mutations and FGFR2 fusions) were identified in 31% of ICCs (10 of 32). An analysis of the TCGA data validated the specificity of the albumin assay. CONCLUSIONS: The cholangiolar pattern and albumin RNA ISH distinguishes ICC from metastatic adenocarcinoma with high specificity. Given the high prevalence of targetable mutations in ICC, albumin RNA ISH is an essential component in the workup of tumours of uncertain origin. A specific diagnosis of ICC could trigger molecular testing and uncover targetable genetic alterations.


Assuntos
Albuminas/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Hibridização In Situ , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/secundário , Biópsia por Agulha , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transcriptoma , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 42-46, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471466

RESUMO

AIMS: In previous studies, skin retraction of dermato-pathological specimens after the surgical excision of tumours was calculated at 30% for the surface, with approximately 20% for the length and 15% for the width. The aim of this study was to analyse the retraction of the specimens and the retraction of the lesion and the margins. METHODS: Patients who underwent excision of a skin tumour between January 2013 and July 2014 were randomly included. RESULTS: A total of 104 patients was included. There were 52% male with a mean age of 68.3 years. Seventy-eight per cent of the lesions were malignant (51% were basal cell carcinoma, 10% squamous cell carcinoma). The retraction of the area of the specimen (29%) was significantly greater than the retraction of the tumour (21%). On multivariate analysis, the localisation and the duration of fixation were independent predictors of the specimen area retraction. The retraction of the specimen was 17% in length and 15% in width. The retraction of the margins was calculated at 19% in length and 12% in width. The surgeon correctly evaluated the localisation of the smallest margin in 55% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided additional data regarding the retraction of the tumours and margins. The guidelines for surgical excision of skin cancers recommend a clinical margin before excision, but the evaluation of the sufficiency of the margins is based on histological measurement. Our data are useful for the interpretation of the sufficiency of the margins.


Assuntos
Margens de Excisão , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Fixação de Tecidos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Orv Hetil ; 161(1): 26-32, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884810

RESUMO

Introduction: Cytokeratin-18 (CK-18) is releasing into the blood during systemic cell death due to ischemia-reperfusion injury after cardiac arrest. Its caspase-cleaved form is specific to apoptosis. Previous investigations proved their prognostic value in different conditions. We firstly investigated the prognostic value of these markers after cardiac arrest. Method: Plasma samples of 40 resuscitated patients were collected 6, 24, and 72 hours after successful resuscitation to determine the marker concentrations. We investigated the association of the markers with the 30-day mortality, neurological outcome, circumstances of the cardiac arrest, laboratory and physical parameters. Results: Resuscitated patients had highly elevated CK-18 levels (3842 vs. 242; 559; 1644 ng/L) and decreased caspase-cleaved CK-18/CK-18 ratio (0.14 vs. 0.58; 0.22; 0.24) compared to healthy subjects, septic and postoperative patients suggesting severe grade of cell death, mainly necrosis. Neither the marker concentrations nor their kinetics showed difference between survivors and non-survivors. They did not show association with the length of the resuscitation, the initial rhythm or the neurological outcome either. CK-18 decreased in patients with good renal function in contrast to patients with renal failure. Significant negative correlation was observed between the 6-hour cytokeratin-18 and hemoglobin concentrations (r = -0.400, p<0.01), while the 30-day survival was associated with lower hemoglobin levels. Conclusion: Surprisingly the biomarkers did not show prognostic value among resuscitated population. The outcome is probably not determined by the complete cell damage, but the loss of a small group of cells with critical role and the reserve capacity of the patient. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(1): 26-32.


Assuntos
Morte Celular , Parada Cardíaca/sangue , Queratina-18/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Sobreviventes
14.
Angiology ; 71(1): 77-82, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018673

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome and is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The NAFLD Fibrosis Score (NFS) is an index used for the detection of liver fibrosis. We investigated the relationship between NFS and complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this cross-sectional study, 109 patients with CAD and 50 patients without CAD were enrolled. Demographic data, laboratory parameters, epicardial fat thickness (EFT), NFS, and Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with Taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score were recorded. Waist circumference, fasting glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), EFT, and NFS were significantly higher in the CAD group (P < .05). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and ejection fraction were significantly lower in the CAD group (P < .05). The SYNTAX score was positively correlated with fasting glucose, LDL-C, EFT, and NFS and negatively correlated with HDL-C (P < .05). The NFS was positively correlated with EFT (P = .019). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that NFS (P = .012), EFT (P < .001), and LDL-C (P = .001) were independently associated with the SYNTAX score. In conclusion, NFS, as a marker of NAFLD, could identify patients at higher risk of CVD.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adiposidade , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Testes de Função Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Pericárdio/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Angiology ; 71(1): 56-61, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416325

RESUMO

The SYNTAX score (SS) and SS II, which include additional clinical parameters, are widely used today for deciding revascularization following coronary angiography. We investigated the association between the presence and severity of carotid artery disease (CrAD) using the SS and SS II in 287 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. We based this investigation on the known association between coronary artery disease and CrAD. A significant association was observed between the groups with and without CrAD in terms of SS II values (28.4 ± 9.6 vs 21.4 ± 7.7, respectively; P < .001). A significant difference was also observed when stenosis was classified according to severity as <50%, 50% to 70%, and >70% (P < .001). The results indicated a positive correlation between the presence and severity of CrAD as SS II increased (r = 0.187, P = .005). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SS II was an independent predictor of CrAD.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Angiology ; 71(1): 70-76, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446774

RESUMO

Both elevated resting heart rate (HR) and electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) are signs of a poor prognosis. Although elevated resting HR is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease and target organ damage, the association between resting HR and the development of ECG-LVH is unclear. In the present study, 6860 subjects (4203 men, 2657 women, 19-89 years of age) without ECG-LVH at baseline were evaluated and followed for a mean duration of 3.7±1.4 years. During the follow-up period, 484 (7.1%) subjects developed ECG-LVH. Cox regression analysis revealed that each 10 beats/min increase in resting HR was associated with a 22% reduction in the development of ECG-LVH (95% confidence interval: 12%-30%, P < .0001) in men. While an increase in HR tended to be associated with the development of ECG-LVH in women, the relationship was not significant. In contrast to the concept that an elevated resting HR is a cardiovascular risk factor, these findings revealed that resting HR was negatively associated with the development of ECG-LVH in men.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
17.
Angiology ; 71(1): 38-47, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554413

RESUMO

This study investigated whether a novel index of stress hyperglycemia might have a better prognostic value compared to admission glycemia alone in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio was expressed as admission blood glucose (ABG) devided by the estimated average glucose (eAG), and eAG was derived from the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). A total of 1300 consecutive patients with STEMI treated with PCI were included. Baseline data and outcomes were analyzed. The study end point was a composite of in-hospital all-cause death, cardiogenic shock, and acute pulmonary edema. Accuracy was defined with area under the curve (AUC) by a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. After multivariate adjustment, both ABG/eAG and ABG were closely associated with an increased risk of the composite end point in nondiabetic patients. However, only ABG/eAG (odds ratio = 2.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.24-4.82, P = .010), instead of ABG, was associated with the outcomes in diabetic patients. Compared to ABG, ABG/eAG had an equivalent predictive value in nondiabetic patients but a superior discriminatory ability in diabetic patients (AUC improved from 0.52-0.63, P < .001). Taken together, ABG/eAG provides more significant in-hospital prognostic information than ABG in diabetic patients with STEMI after PCI.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(6): 878-883, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880121

RESUMO

ObstractPurpose "One-stop" CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) was compared with cardiac magnetic resonance(CMR) to investigate its application value in evaluating patients with severe coronary artery stenosis.MethodsFifty patients with coronary artery stenosis≥90% of at least one major coronary arteries comfirmed by coronary angiography (CAG) in the department of cardiology in our hospital, who referred for coronary artery stent implantation were prospectively enrolled. All the patients underwent "One-stop" CT-MPI within a week before surgery, among which 22 patients underwent CMR examination simultaneously. The postprocessing software Ziostation2 was used to obatin and compare the perfusion parameters of patients with normal and perfusion defect myocardium, including blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), peak time (TTP), and mean transit time (MTT). Pearson correlation analysis was used to compare the correlation of relative perfusion parameters (defect/normal myocardium) between CT and CMR. Bland-Altman analysis was used to analyze the consistency between CT and CMR in left ventricular (LV) function parameters measurements.ResultsCompared with normal myocardium, BV and BF of perfusion defect myocardium were significantly decreased, while MTT and TTP were significantly prolonged (all P < 0.05). The rBV, rBF, rMTT and rTTP were medium to high positive correlated between CT and CMR (r=0.685, 0.641, 0.871, 0.733, respectively, all P < 0.05). Bland-Altman analysis showed that 95% (21/22) points were within the 95% limits of agreement (LoA), suggesting the LV function parameters measurements between two methods were highly consistent.Conclusion"One-stop" CT-MPI can simultaneously obtain the information about coronary anatomy, myocardial perfusion and LV function. It is of great value in the evaluation of patients with severe coronary artery stenosis, with shorter scan time and less contraindications compared with CMR.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18527, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876748

RESUMO

This study aim was to evaluate whether plasma D-dimer levels could serve as a novel prognostic biomarker for 1-month mortality in patients with HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis (HBV-DeCi).This was a retrospective study that enrolled 132 HBV-DeCi patients. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to identify risk factors for mortality. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated to estimate and compare the predictive values of different prognostic markers.In the present study, the plasma D-dimer levels were higher in the nonsurviving group than in the surviving group. Additionally, the D-dimer level was positively correlated with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. The results of multivariate analysis showed that both the MELD score and D-dimer level are independent predictors of 1-month mortality in HBV-DeCi patients (both P < .01).Plasma D-dimer can be considered a new additional prognostic marker for 1-month mortality in HBV-DeCi patients.


Assuntos
Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Hepatite B Crônica/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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