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2.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1048, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Participation of men in Maternal and Child Health (MCH) is crucial for the reduction of infant and maternal mortality. Men may be influential in making health care decisions that may affect their female partner's access to health care services, but also as individuals, whose health status has a significant impact on the health of their partners' and that of their children. However, male involvement is still inadequate due to various reasons. This paper sought to explore the community perspectives towards participation of men in maternal and child health care in Kabale District, Western Uganda. METHODS: The study used a case study approach. Household questionnaires, in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, direct field observation and document review were employed to collect data. One hundred and twenty-four respondents completed a household questionnaire, eight key informants took part in semi-structured interviews and thirty-six community members (two men and two women groups) participated in focus group discussions. RESULTS: The participation of men in maternal and child health care was found to be low. Patriarchal community values and norms influencing gender roles hindered male involvement in MCH. More so, sensitisation on the importance of male involvement was inadequate. CONCLUSION: Men's participation in MCH is affected by multiple factors emanating from the community and health institutions. Involving men in MCH is critical, and therefore participatory and comprehensive approaches should be applied to encourage participation. Sensitisation of communities is fundamental for increasing awareness of the significance of male involvement in MCH.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Homens/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Características da Família , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Normas Sociais , Valores Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Uganda , Adulto Jovem
3.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(supp 3): e20190236, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365610

RESUMO

To understand the increasingly tenuous relationship between ourselves and the finite resource base upon which we depend for all sustenance, an exploration of recent history and basic human behavior is warranted. An attempt is made to shed light on how short-term economic demands have come to take priority over nearly all other long-term aspects of our existence. Without full recognition of our historical and cultural trajectories in relation to the modern mass mentality of materialism, consumerism and wealth, there is little possibility to develop or implement truly functional strategies that can be utilized indefinitely.


Assuntos
Saúde Ambiental , Internacionalidade , Recursos Naturais , Valores Sociais , Humanos
4.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 38: 153-156, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284218

RESUMO

Global reports of cultural insensitivity continue despite the growing evidence highlighting the importance of nurturing cultural competence development in nurse education and practice. With the widening sociocultural diversification of the patient population, it is now imperative that nurse educators establish cultural competence as a graduate capability. The recent focus on revisiting and recommitting to core nursing values is welcomed, however further consideration is needed to ensure such values are lived in nurses behaviours, when engaging with culturally diverse patients. Undergraduate nurse education needs to embrace opportunities to engrain values based learning in curriculum design and utilise innovative learning and teaching approaches that ensure cultural competence is more explicitly developed. This paper discusses the importance of providing opportunities for students to critically review approaches to care, whilst ensuring cultural competency is a more visible responsibility of the future registered nurse in delivering quality care. The authors outline some practical approaches to examining core values underpinning nursing practice in the context of cultural competence development.


Assuntos
Competência Cultural/educação , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Valores Sociais , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Currículo/tendências , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Humanos
6.
Wiad Lek ; 72(5 cz 2): 1064-1067, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medico-social significance of osteoarthritis is due to a number of factors, one of which is associated with the need for long-term anti-inflammatory therapy, which is associated with undesirable side effects. The aim: Identify the features of the course of chronic gastritis in patients taking selective NSAIDs for osteoarthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Were examined 122 patients with osteoarthrosis, who had verified chronic gastritis in the anamnesis (50 males and 72 females), aged from 42 to 64. Control group included 40 patients with osteoarthrosis without gastroduodenal zone pathology in the anamnesis. For arthralgia relief, patients were prescribed to intake meloxicam (average dose - 12.5±1.39 mg/day) or nimesulide (average dose - 150±14.91 mg/day). RESULTS: Results: It was determined that prescription of selective NSAIDs (meloxicam and nimesulide) raised the risk of NSAIDs gastropathy/dyspepsia in 2.9 times (P<0.03) in patients with chronic gastritis in the anamnesis than in patients without associated gastroduodenal zone pathology. Atrophy of gastric mucous membrane was associated with higher risks (P>0.05) of erosive gastropathy. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: With the purpose of gastropathy prevention upon taking NSAIDs, patients with chronic gastritis in the anamnesis are recommended to undergo gastroprotective therapy.


Assuntos
Gastrite , Osteoartrite , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides , Comorbidade , Feminino , Gastrite/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Secundária , Valores Sociais
7.
Global Health ; 15(1): 37, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globalization and funding imperatives drive many universities to internationalize through global health programmes. University-based global health researchers, advocates and programmes often stress the importance of addressing health inequity through partnerships. However, empirical exploration of perspectives on why universities engage in these partnerships and the benefits of them is limited. OBJECTIVE: To analyse who in international partner universities initiated the partnerships with four East African universities, why the partnerships were initiated, and what the international partners value about the partnerships. METHODS: Fifty-nine key informants from 26 international universities partnering with four East African universities in medicine, nursing and/or public health participated in individual in-depth interviews. Transcripts were analysed thematically. We then applied Burton Clark's framework of "entrepreneurial" universities characterized by an "academic heartland", "expanded development periphery", "managerial core" and "expanded funding base", developed to examine how European universities respond to the forces of globalization, to interpret the data through a global health lens. RESULTS: Partnerships that were of interest to universities' "academic heartland" - research and education - were of greatest interest to many international partners, especially research intensive universities. Some universities established and placed coordination of their global health activities within units consistent with an expanded development periphery. These units were sometimes useful for helping to establish and support global health partnerships. Success in developing and sustaining the global health partnerships required some degree of support from a strengthened steering or managerial core. Diversified funding in the form of third-stream funding, was found to be essential to sustain partnerships. Social responsibility was also identified as a key ethos required to unite the multiple elements in some universities and sustain global health partnerships. CONCLUSION: Universities are complex entities. Various elements determine why a specific university entered a specific international partnership and what benefits it accrues. Ultimately, integration of the various elements is required to grow and sustain partnerships potentially through embracing social responsibility as a common value.


Assuntos
Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Cooperação Internacional , Universidades/organização & administração , África Oriental , Saúde Global , Humanos , Motivação , Responsabilidade Social , Valores Sociais
8.
Int J Equity Health ; 18(1): 74, 2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy among indigenous women approaches 50% and is associated with sudden infant death, pregnancy loss, preterm delivery, low birth weight, and anatomical deformity. This study aims to synthesise qualitative studies by reporting experiences, perceptions, and values of smoking cessation among pregnant indigenous women to inform potential interventions. METHOD: A highly-sensitive search of MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, and CINAHL, in conjunction with analysis of Google Scholar and reference lists of related studies was conducted in March 2018. We utilised two methods (thematic synthesis and an indigenous Maori analytical framework) in parallel to analyse data. Completeness of reporting in studies was evaluated using the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Studies (COREQ) framework. RESULTS: We included seven studies from Australia and New Zealand involving 250 indigenous women. Three themes were identified. Realising well-being and creating agency included giving the best start to baby, pride in being a healthy mum, female role models, and family support. Understanding the drivers for smoking included the impact of stress and chaos that hindered prioritisation of self-care, the social acceptability of smoking, guilt and feeling judged, and inadequate information about the risks of smoking. Indigenous women strongly preferred culturally responsive approaches to smoking cessation, placing value on programs designed specifically for and by indigenous people, that were accessible, and provided an alternative to smoking. CONCLUSION: Future interventions and smoking cessation programmes might be more effective and acceptable to indigenous women and families when they harness self-agency and the desire for a healthy baby, recognise the high value of indigenous peer involvement, and embed a social focus in place of smoking as a way to maintain community support and relationships. Development and evaluation of smoking cessation programs for pregnant indigenous women and families is warranted.


Assuntos
Grupos Populacionais/psicologia , Gestantes/etnologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/etnologia , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Grupos Populacionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Valores Sociais/etnologia
9.
Nurs Outlook ; 67(5): 523-539, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients' values are everywhere and nowhere in nursing: frequently invoked and associated with effective nursing care but seldom explicitly defined or subject to dedicated analysis. Clarification of the concept of patients' values is pivotal because respecting and supporting patients' values are widely recognized as crucial for ethical nursing care. Despite this and the pervasive employment of the term patients' values in theories, approaches, and clinical guidelines, the concept remains ambiguous. PURPOSE: We sought to understand the key elements of the concept by investigating its use in theoretical and empirical literature. METHOD: This study used Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis approach. FINDINGS: We found that values are core individual beliefs that function in hierarchical systems; however, in the context of disease, the priority assigned to values by the individual may change. This is important, given that values play a foundational role in health-related decisions, such as in the context of chronic diseases. DISCUSSION: Values are influenced by both individual intrinsic needs and the social context, but importantly, are involved in guiding decision-making. The attributes of the values may vary according to the context of the disease, the type of disease, and the decision at hand.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/ética , Direitos do Paciente/ética , Valores Sociais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Formação de Conceito , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
J Environ Manage ; 242: 394-402, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059952

RESUMO

Are younger people, defined by age, or younger generations, defined by cohort-level measures, more concerned about declines in environmental health when compared to their older counterparts within the United States? Related, are these same people more willing to support policy actions aimed at preventing future losses when compared to older adults? In spite of reporting by the U.S. popular press about the heightened environmental consciousness of Millennials, prior research offers conflicting answers. Scholarship focusing on age effects suggests that the answer to both questions is yes due to the dampening of environmental concern and action in older adults. More recent applied research on climate related risks and risk management options, by contrast, suggest that the answer to both questions is no, and that there is no difference in climate concern and risk mitigation between younger and older adults. In an attempt to disentangle these contradictory viewpoints, we undertook a study in which respondents in the United States characterized by age and generational cohort were presented with small and large hypothetical losses due to climate change. These same participants were then asked to indicate their support for future policy actions aimed at stemming these environmental losses. Overall, our data does not indicate that younger generations experience potential losses as more acute than older generations; neither age nor generational cohort correlated with the perceived severity of environmental losses nor support for future actions to prevent them. More robust predictors of both dependent variables were environmental value orientations (biospherism) and self-reported political orientation.


Assuntos
Mudança Social , Valores Sociais , Estados Unidos
11.
Psychiatr Prax ; 46(7): 394-398, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137041

RESUMO

The aim of this clinical study was to detect differences between a civil and a military inpatient population with depressive disorders with respect to traits of male depression, personality disorders and value orientations. Fifty civil and fifty military participants answered various psychometric testings at the beginning of treatment. No differences were found concerning male depression. Personality traits and value orientations were found to be predictive for severity and frequency of depressive disorders in different depression inventories.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo , Militares , Transtornos da Personalidade , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Militares/psicologia , Valores Sociais
12.
New Bioeth ; 25(2): 185-198, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130113

RESUMO

It is not possible to talk about bioethics without recognizing the plurality inherent in it. In this sense, the notion of person is important due to its multiplicity of possible interpretations depending on its cultural context. This fact is highlighted in the case of organ transplantation in Japan. While there are many critiques against this procedure from scholars in various fields, those that deal with the problem of brain death are especially problematic. This is because the definition of person that is invoked in such debates does not seem to coincide with how the notion of person has been understood in the Japanese tradition. Hence, investigating the Japanese concept of ningen could be helpful in not only partially clarifying some of the attitudes that exist in Japan towards the notion of brain death, but also to illustrate the need to recognize the plurality of views in modern bioethics.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , Morte Encefálica/diagnóstico , Transplante de Órgãos/psicologia , Pessoalidade , Morte Encefálica/legislação & jurisprudência , Budismo , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Japão , Transplante de Órgãos/história , Transplante de Órgãos/legislação & jurisprudência , Valores Sociais , Doadores de Tecidos/psicologia
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(1): 35-44, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124162

RESUMO

Proper patient selection for palliative surgery requires a challenging and often complex decision-making process. Optimally, proposed palliative procedures must be undertaken with an intent to provide the greatest possible value to patients at the end of life. This review describes the process of patient selection and identifies psychosocial, biochemical, and functional markers that can complement sound surgical judgment.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Seleção de Pacientes , Análise Custo-Benefício , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Valores Sociais
14.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 269-279, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181697

RESUMO

Esta investigación analiza si la estructura (no narrativa o narrativa) que caracteriza a dibujos animados incide en la habilidad narrativa e identificación de valores y contravalores frente a factores personales (edad, curso educativo, sexo y nivel atencional) o contextuales (red e índice socioeconómico y cultural del centro educativo) del alumnado de Educación Primaria. Se ha contado con la participación de 186 estudiantes que han relatado el episodio visionado. El estudio tiene un diseño cuasiexperimental con metodología mixta (cuantitativa y cualitativa). Los resultados obtenidos mediante análisis de regresión confirman que la estructura incide en mayor grado que el resto de factores. Se concluye que conviene considerar el tipo de estructura de los contenidos audiovisuales, y no solo la potencialidad en valores o contravalores, tanto en investigaciones futuras como al diseñar e implementar intervenciones en el ámbito formal e informal


This research analyses whether the structure (non-narrative or narrative) that characterizes cartoons affects the narrative skill and identification of values and countervalues, as opposed to personal (age, school year, gender and attention level) or contextual (school network and socioeconomic and cultural index of the school) factors of Primary Education students. 186 students participated in it, who have reported on the episode watched. The study has a quasi-experimental design with blended methodology (quantitative and qualitative). The results obtained through regression analysis confirm that the structure has a greater effect than the rest of the factors. We conclude that it is advisable to consider the structure of audio-visual content, not just the potential values or countervalues, both in future research and in designing and implementing interventions in formal and informal settings


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Narração , Desenhos Animados como Assunto/psicologia , Valores Sociais , Psicometria/métodos , Percepção , Entrevista Psicológica , Reforço (Psicologia)
15.
Wiad Lek ; 72(4): 579-583, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article considers social-psychological features of value orientations of patients with alcohol dependence. The state of the problem under consideration in the psychological literature has been studied. The analysis of empirical research of value orientations of patients with alcohol dependence has been conducted. The aim: The aim of the paper is to identify social-psychological features of value orientations of patients with al cohol dependence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research has been conducted at full-time treatment department of Transcarpathian Oblast Narcological Dispensary (Uzhhorod, Ukraine). The experiment involved 42 respondents (29 men and 13 women) of different age, the department patients, suffering on alcoholism. The techniques have been performed individually with each patient. The following methods have been used: 1. Method of «Valuable Orientation¼ by M. Rokich. 2. Questionnaire on Terminal Values (QTV) by I.G.Senin. 3. Purpose-life orientation test (method of PLO) by D.A. Leontiev. RESULTS: Results: It has been found out that the group hierarchy of values in cases with chronic alcoholism is characterised by an explicit orientation to specific vital values. There is a characteristic reverse development of the value sphere of an individual in cases with chronic alcoholism, which is displayed in the formation of orientations on the lower levels of the value system. The results of empirical research have shown that among the patients with alcohol dependence the preference is given to terminal values, values - goals. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: It has been generalised that value orientations are the component of the structure of an individual, which reflects the life experience gained by an individual in the individual development, and represents the core of consciousness, taking into account how personality makes decisions on important vital issues.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/psicologia , Valores Sociais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ucrânia
16.
Value Health ; 22(5): 545-548, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104732

RESUMO

The "Reference Case" was developed to facilitate comparability among published cost-effectiveness analyses intended to contribute to decisions about the broad allocation of healthcare resources. Although the societal perspective is recommended for Reference Case analyses, empirical estimations rarely adequately represent the patient perspective, and more often, healthcare system or payer perspectives are used. In this commentary, we discuss the evolution of the Reference Case over the past 20 years and how it now needs to further evolve. This should begin with a patient-informed societal perspective. A realignment of the societal perspective to better include patient perspectives in CEA creates a conduit for patient inclusion. Engaging patients to both derive patient-informed value elements and prioritize value elements using stated preference methods will lead to patient inclusion in the societal perspective and a patient-informed Reference Case analysis.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos , Assistência à Saúde , Participação do Paciente , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Alocação de Recursos , Tomada de Decisões Gerenciais , Humanos , Valores Sociais
17.
Arq. bras. psicol. (Rio J. 2003) ; 71(1): 54-67, jan.-abr. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1007345

RESUMO

A presente pesquisa foi realizada com base na concepção de que julgamentos morais e posicionamentos político-ideológicos possuem uma estrutura lógica pautada em valores e que ambos se desenvolvem paralelamente. Nesse sentido, teve-se como objetivo verificar a qualidade do posicionamento político-ideológico de jovens brasileiros a partir de diferenças no julgamento moral. Os resultados confirmaram a associação entre as diferenças na qualidade do julgamento moral e do posicionamento político-ideológico: jovens com julgamento convencional defenderam um posicionamento pautado em valores humanitários; jovens com julgamento pós-convencional defenderam um posicionamento político-ideológico pautado na associação entre princípios humanitários e democráticos. A partir desses resultados conclui-se a existência de maior sofisticação do posicionamento político-ideológico para jovens com julgamento pós-convencional


The research was developed from the conception that moral judgments and the political-ideological position have a logical structure based on values and that they develop in a parallel way. In these terms, the main objective of this research was to verify the political ideological position quality from the differences in the moral judgment of young Brazilians. The results confirmed the association between the differences in the quality of moral judgment and political ideological position: young people with conventional moral judgment supported a political position based on humanitarian values; young people with a postconventional moral judgment supported a political position based on the association between humanitarian and democratic values. From these results, it is concluded that young people with postconventional moral judgment have a more sophisticated political-ideological position


La presente investigación fue realizada con base en la concepción de que juicios morales y posicionamientos político-ideológicos poseen una estructura lógica pautada en valores y que ambos se desarrollan paralelamente. En ese sentido, se tuvo como objetivo verificar la calidad del posicionamiento político-ideológico de jóvenes brasileños a partir de diferencias en el juicio moral. Los resultados confirmaron la asociación entre las diferencias en la calidad del juicio moral y del posicionamiento político-ideológico: jóvenes con juicio convencional defendieron un posicionamiento pautado en valores humanitarios; jóvenes con juicio post-convencional defendieron un posicionamiento político-ideológico pautado en la asociación entre principios humanitarios y democráticos. A partir de estos resultados se concluye la existencia de mayor sofisticación del posicionamiento político-ideológico para jóvenes con juicio post-convencional


Assuntos
Humanos , Política , Valores Sociais , Adolescente , Moral
18.
Gac. méd. espirit ; Vol. 21(1)Ene-Abr 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-998612

RESUMO

La formación de valores constituye una prioridad para la educación superior, por ello toda carrera universitaria reconoce fundamentos axiológicos en su plan de estudios y así sucede también con la carrera de Medicina(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Superior , Educação Médica/métodos , Valores Sociais , Estudantes de Medicina , Ética Baseada em Princípios
19.
Nurse Educ Today ; 77: 65-70, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981145

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Given the emerging evidence internationally of poor care within the healthcare sector, a recent report in the United Kingdom recommended the need for education to produce nurses who are prepared both intellectually and with compassion. AIM: This paper aims to understand the beliefs and values of caring, held by student nurses from entry to completion of their education programme. METHODS: Using a prospective qualitative longtitudinal approach, two cohorts of nursing students (February 2013 and 2014) each following a different undergraduate curriculum (the February 2013, based on a philosophy of person-centred care and the February 2014, based on the philosophy of humanisation) were followed throughout their programme leading to Registration. Data were collected from February 2013 to February 2017 using individual interviews at commencement and completion of their programme with focus groups after their first placement and at the end of years one and two. Using purposive sampling, from February 2013, 12 commenced the study and five finished. From February 2014, 24 started, with nine completing. FINDINGS: Data were analysed using thematic analysis with four themes emerging: i) Articulating the terms caring and dignity ii) Recognising the need for individualisation iii) Learning nursing and iv) Personal journey. CONCLUSION: Reporting on the final phase of this 5-phase study and on the brink of qualifying, both cohorts of students recognised the impact of their different curriculum and their exposure to the same educators who had embraced the humanisation philosophy. They each acknowledged just how they had changed as individuals and how determined they were to influence the quality of care.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/normas , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Valores Sociais , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido
20.
Pap. psicol ; 40(1): 57-63, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181999

RESUMO

Casi 25 años después de la extrema crueldad y violencia que hubo en Ruanda durante el genocidio de 1994, agresores y agredidos vuelven a convivir como vecinos. La psicología tiene un valor extraordinario para explicar tanto el horror como la superación del mismo. No podemos explicar los procesos de la reconciliación interpersonal o nacional sin antes entender las dinámicas del conflicto en general, y del conflicto de Ruanda en particular. Tanto antes, como durante, como después, tienen lugar procesos emocionales, cognitivos y conductuales, que afectan a los implicados y les hacen capaces de lo mejor y de lo peor. Este es el propósito de este artículo: comprender los procesos psicológicos que llevan al conflicto violento y desarrollar las condiciones para la reconstrucción y la reconciliación personal y social, todo ello ilustrado con el caso de Ruanda, uno de los más privilegiados escenarios para estudiar la violencia y su superación


Almost 25 years after the extreme cruelty and violence that occurred in Rwanda during the genocide of 1994, the perpetrators and victims live together as neighbors. Psychology is of extraordinary value in explaining both the horror and its overcoming. We cannot explain the processes of interpersonal or national reconciliation without first understanding the dynamics of the conflict in general, and of the Rwandan conflict in particular. Before, during and after any violent conflict, emotional, cognitive and behavioral processes take place, affecting those involved and making them capable of the best and the worst. This is the objective of this article: to understand the psychological processes that lead to violent conflict and to analyze the conditions for reconstruction, and personal and social reconciliation, focused on the case of Rwanda, one of the most fitting scenarios for studying violence and the overcoming of it


Assuntos
Humanos , Genocídio/psicologia , Violência/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Ruanda , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Reconstrução Pós-Desastre , Ódio , Medo , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Valores Sociais/etnologia , Princípios Morais
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