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1.
J Biomed Opt ; 29(2): 026001, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38312853

RESUMO

Significance: Near-infrared fluorescence imaging still lacks a standardized, objective method to evaluate fluorescent dye efficacy in oncological surgical applications. This results in difficulties in translation between preclinical to clinical studies with fluorescent dyes and in the reproduction of results between studies, which in turn hampers further clinical translation of novel fluorescent dyes. Aim: Our aim is to develop and evaluate a semi-automatic standardized method to objectively assess fluorescent signals in resected tissue. Approach: A standardized imaging procedure was designed and quantitative analysis methods were developed to evaluate non-targeted and tumor-targeted fluorescent dyes. The developed analysis methods included manual selection of region of interest (ROI) on white light images, automated fluorescence signal ROI selection, and automatic quantitative image analysis. The proposed analysis method was then compared with a conventional analysis method, where fluorescence signal ROIs were manually selected on fluorescence images. Dice similarity coefficients and intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to determine the inter- and intraobserver variabilities of the ROI selections and the determined signal- and tumor-to-background ratios. Results: The proposed non-targeted fluorescent dyes analysis method showed statistically significantly improved variabilities after application on indocyanine green specimens. For specimens with the targeted dye SGM-101, the variability of the background ROI selection was statistically significantly improved by implementing the proposed method. Conclusion: Semi-automatic methods for standardized quantitative analysis of fluorescence images were successfully developed and showed promising results to further improve the reproducibility and standardization of clinical studies evaluating fluorescent dyes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Verde de Indocianina
2.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 51, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Presurgical computed tomography (CT)-guided localization is frequently employed to reduce the thoracotomy conversion rate, while increasing the rate of successful sublobar resection of ground glass nodules (GGNs) via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). In this study, we compared the clinical efficacies of presurgical CT-guided hook-wire and indocyanine green (IG)-based localization of GGNs. METHODS: Between January 2018 and December 2021, we recruited 86 patients who underwent CT-guided hook-wire or IG-based GGN localization before VATS resection in our hospital, and compared the clinical efficiency and safety of both techniques. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients with 39 GGNs were included in the hook-wire group, whereas 48 patients with 50 GGNs were included in the IG group. There were no significant disparities in the baseline data between the two groups of patients. According to our investigation, the technical success rates of CT-based hook-wire- and IG-based localization procedures were 97.4% and 100%, respectively (P = 1.000). Moreover, the significantly longer localization duration (15.3 ± 6.3 min vs. 11.2 ± 5.3 min, P = 0.002) and higher visual analog scale (4.5 ± 0.6 vs. 3.0 ± 0.5, P = 0.001) were observed in the hook-wire patients, than in the IG patients. Occurrence of pneumothorax was significantly higher in hook-wire patients (27.3% vs. 6.3%, P = 0.048). Lung hemorrhage seemed higher in hook-wire patients (28.9% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.057) but did not reach statistical significance. Lastly, the technical success rates of VATS sublobar resection were 97.4% and 100% in hook-wire and IG patients, respectively (P = 1.000). CONCLUSIONS: Both hook-wire- and IG-based localization methods can effectively identified GGNs before VATS resection. Furthermore, IG-based localization resulted in fewer complications, lower pain scores, and a shorter duration of localization.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Verde de Indocianina , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Pulmão , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/cirurgia
3.
Anticancer Res ; 44(2): 853-857, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Stoma prolapse is a common complication in the late phase after stoma creation. With advances in chemotherapy, a double-orifice colostomy or ileostomy and chemotherapy are used to treat primary unresectable colorectal cancer. Preoperative therapy with a double-orifice colostomy or ileostomy is performed to aid primary colorectal cancer miniaturization. Therefore, the number of stoma prolapses will likely increase in the future. Previous reports on the repair of stoma prolapse focused on unilateral stoma prolapse of loop colostomy, and there are no reports about the bilateral stoma prolapse of loop colostomy or ileostomy. CASE REPORT: We report a novel repair technique for oral and anal side (bilateral) stoma prolapse of a loop colostomy with the stapled modified Altemeier method using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging considering the distribution of marginal artery in preventing marginal artery injury which has considerable clinical significance. CONCLUSION: Our novel technique for the oral and anal side prolapse of a loop colostomy is considered effective and safe.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Humanos , Colostomia/métodos , Verde de Indocianina , Ileostomia/métodos , Prolapso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3983, 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368490

RESUMO

This retrospective study explores the utility of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) in enhancing the intraoperative identification and guidance for the resection of abdominal paragangliomas. They can be challenging to detect during minimally invasive surgery, due to their anatomical location, varying size and similar appearance in regard to their surrounding tissue. Patients with suspected abdominal paragangliomas planned for a minimally-invasive resection were included. As part of standard of care they received single intravenous dose of 5 mg ICG after abdominal exploration. NIR fluorescence imaging of the anatomical region of the suspected lesion was performed immediately following intravenous administration, to assess fluorescence signals, intraoperative identification, and histopathological correlation. Out of five resected suspicious lesions, four were imaged with NIR fluorescence, pathology confirming four as paragangliomas, the latter turned out to be an adrenal adenoma. NIR fluorescence identified all four lesions, surpassing the limitations of white-light visualization. Homogeneous fluorescence signals appeared 30-60 s post-ICG administration, which lasted up to 30 min. The study demonstrates the feasibility and potential clinical value of fluorescence-guided minimally-invasive resections of abdominal paragangliomas using a single intravenous ICG dose. These findings support the scientific basis for routine use of ICG-fluorescence-guided surgery in challenging anatomical cases, providing valuable assistance in lesion detection and resection.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Laparotomia , Imagem Óptica/métodos
5.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(1): 16, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180772

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present our findings of the distribution pattern of choroidal arteries and large veins in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 980 patients who underwent ICGA at The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from 2017 to 2023, including 240 patients with AMD. Secondary image processing was applied to the angiographic videos to obtain posterior distribution maps of choroidal arteries and large veins. Differences between different distribution patterns regarding age, gender, eye laterality, and circulation time were compared. We also conducted a comparison of choroidal vascular distribution characteristics between patients with AMD and patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and provided a summary of choroidal vascular distribution patterns in AMD. Results: The filling patterns of choroidal arteries can be classified into the invisible trunk arteries type, the partially masked trunk arteries type, and the exposed trunk arteries type. The vascular topography of the large choroidal vein can be classified into the watershed type, the non-watershed type, and the unknown type, further divided into six subtypes. The distribution patterns of choroidal arteries and veins were significantly correlated with age (P < 0.001). Left eye, older age, and the exposed trunk arteries type were independent risk factors for non-watershed large choroidal vein (P < 0.05). The non-watershed type was the main characteristic of the venous phase in AMD. Conclusions: The distribution characteristics of the arterial and venous patterns in AMD suggest atrophy of the small blood vessels in the choroid and insufficient perfusion pressure of the blood flow.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Degeneração Macular , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Angiografia , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico , Corioide
6.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 17, 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In thoracic esophagectomy, anastomotic leakage is one of the most important surgical complications. Indocyanine green (ICG) is the most widely used method to assess tissue blood flow; however, this technique has been pointed out to have disadvantages such as difficulty in evaluating the degree of congestion, lack of objectivity in evaluating the degree of staining, and bias easily caused by ICG injection, camera distance, and other factors. Evaluating tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) overcomes these disadvantages and can be performed easily and repeatedly. It is also possible to measure objective values including the degree of congestion. We evaluate novel imaging technology to assess tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) in the gastric conduit during thoracic esophagectomy. METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled, with seven excluded due to intraoperative findings, leaving 43 for analysis. These patients underwent thoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. The device was used intraoperatively to evaluate tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) and total hemoglobin index (T-HbI), which guided the optimal site for gastric tube anastomosis. The efficacies of StO2 and T-HbI in relation to short-term outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: StO2, indicating blood supply to the gastric tube, remained stable beyond the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) end but significantly decreased distally to the demarcation line (p <  0.05). T-HbI, indicative of congestion, significantly decreased past the RGEA (p <  0.05). Three patients experienced anastomotic leakage. These patients exhibited significantly lower StO2 (p <  0.01) and higher T-HbI (p <  0.01) at both the RGEA end and the demarcation line. Furthermore, the anastomotic site, usually within 3 cm of the RGEA's anorectal side, also showed significantly lower StO2 (p <  0.01) and higher T-HbI (p <  0.01) in patients with anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSIONS: The novel device provides real-time, objective evaluations of blood flow and congestion in the gastric tube. It proves useful for safer reconstruction during thoracic esophagectomy, particularly by identifying optimal anastomosis sites and predicting potential anastomotic leakage.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica , Esofagectomia , Humanos , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Saturação de Oxigênio , Próteses e Implantes , Estômago/cirurgia , Verde de Indocianina
7.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 65(1): 25, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193758

RESUMO

Purpose: Indocyanine green (ICG) is an albumin and lipoprotein binding dye absorbing in the far red used in angiography to visualize choroidal vessels (ICG angiography [ICGA]). To guide interpretation, ICG transport in the choroid, RPE, and retina of rats was studied. Methods: Two conditions were used: RPE/choroid organoculture, incubated for 45 minutes in DMEM medium, 1% fetal bovine serum containing 0.25 mg/mL ICG and RPE/choroid and neural retina flat-mounts at 1 and 6 hours after intravenous ICG injection. Early and late sequences of ICGA were recorded until 6 hours. Ultra-deep red confocal microscope was used to localize ICG in flat-mounts and immunohistochemistry was performed for caveolin-1, tryptase (mast cell marker), and tubulin ß3 (a nerve marker). Results: In the organoculture, ICG penetrated homogeneously in the cytoplasm and stained the membranes of the RPE. At 1 hour after intravenous injection, ICG appeared in fine granules in RPE, partly labeled with caveolin-1 and decreasing at 6 hours. At 1 hour and 6 hours, ICG was found in the retinal vessels, faintly in the inner retina, and in the photoreceptor outer segments at 6 hours. In the choroid, ICG colocalized with mast cells, immunostained with tryptase, and accumulated along the large tubulin ß3-labeled nerve bundles. The hypothesis was raised on the interpretation of late ICGA infrared photography in case of transthyretin amyloidosis with neuropathy. Conclusions: Beside being a vascular dye, ICG is transported from the vessels to the RPE toward the outer retina. It stains mast cells and large choroidal nerves. These observations could help the analysis of ICGA images.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Verde de Indocianina , Animais , Ratos , Caveolina 1 , Triptases , Tubulina (Proteína) , Angiografia , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Corioide
8.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e940622, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38196189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The absence of valid vessels for the anastomosis constitutes a contraindication to replantation, but the need for arterial vessels in good condition has recently been questioned and some authors have proposed the arterialization of the veins with promising results. However, this method is not routine in replantation and it is unclear what conditions can establish venous congestion and loss of the replanted segment. CASE REPORT We detail a case where indocyanine green aids in evaluating arterialization of a vein during thumb replantation in a 40-year-old smoker following a crush injury. Multiple attempts to anastomose the princeps pollicis and its collateral vessel failed due to a thrombus formation, leaving the finger non-perfused despite urokinase treatment. To confirm the absence of reperfusion, we administered 0.3 mg/kg of indocyanine green through an upper limb peripheral vein. Observing no reperfusion, we located a suitable radial dorsal vein and performed an arteriovenous anastomosis at the proximal phalanx level. Indocyanine Green Angiography (IGA) revealed a slightly delayed reperfusion but a effective venous outflow. We did not consider it necessary to perform additional venous anastomoses other than the single dorsal radial venous anastomosis. CONCLUSIONS This single case report shows the potential of indocyanine green as a valid aid to evaluate the perfusion of the replantation and also any early venous congestion, being able to modify the operative plan accordingly.


Assuntos
Hiperemia , Verde de Indocianina , Humanos , Adulto , Polegar/cirurgia , Reimplante , Angiografia
9.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(7): 1846-1853, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284427

RESUMO

Combining phototherapy with other treatments has significantly advanced cancer therapy. Here, we designed and fabricated calcium-enriched carbon nanoparticles (Ca-CNPs) that could effectively deplete glutathione (GSH) and release calcium ions in tumors, thereby enhancing the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and the calcium overload effect that leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. Due to the electrostatic interaction, π-π stacking interaction, multiple hydrogen bonds, and microporous structures, indocyanine green (ICG) was loaded onto the surface of Ca-CNPs with a high loading efficiency of 44.7 wt%. The obtained Ca-CNPs@ICG can effectively improve the photostability of ICG while retaining its ability to generate singlet oxygen (1O2) and undergo photothermal conversion (Ca-CNPs@ICG vs. ICG, 45.1% vs. 39.5%). In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that Ca-CNPs@ICG could be used for near-infrared fluorescence imaging-guided synergistic calcium overload, photothermal therapy, and GSH depletion-enhanced PDT. This study sheds light on the improvement of 1O2 utilization efficiency and calcium overload-induced mitochondrial membrane potential imbalance in tumor cells.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/farmacologia , Verde de Indocianina/química , Cálcio , Terapia Fototérmica , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/terapia , Imagem Óptica , Carbono/farmacologia
11.
Biofabrication ; 16(2)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38277678

RESUMO

The inflammatory response is one of the general symptoms that accompany tumorigenesis, the pro-inflammatory factors cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and COX-2-derived prostaglandin-2 (PGE-2) in the inflammatory environment surrounding tumors possess promoting tumor development, metastasis and angiogenesis effects. In addition, the hypoxic environment of tumors severely limits the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, a universal extracellular-intracellular 'on-demand' release nanomedicine DOX@PDA-ICG@MnO2@GN-CEL was developed for the combined fight against malignant tumors using a spatiotemporal controlled gelatin coated polydopamine (PDA@GN) as the carrier and loaded with the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX), the photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG), the PDT enhancer MnO2and the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib (CEL) individually. Our results showed that DOX@PDA-ICG@MnO2@GN-CEL could release CEL extracellularly by matrix metalloproteinase-2 response and inhibit the COX-2/PGE-2 pathway, reduce chemotherapy resistance and attenuate the concurrent inflammation. After entering the tumor cells, the remaining DOX@PDA-ICG@MnO2released DOX, ICG and MnO2intracellularly through PDA acid response. MnO2promoted the degradation of endogenous H2O2to generate oxygen under acidic conditions to alleviate the tumor hypoxic environment, enhance PDT triggered by ICG. PDA and ICG exhibited photothermal therapy synergistically, and DOX exerted chemotherapy with reduced chemotherapy resistance. The dual responsive drug release switch enabled the chemotherapeutic, photothermal, photodynamic and anti-inflammatory drugs precisely acted on different sites of tumor tissues and realized a promising multimodal combination therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Compostos de Manganês , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Óxidos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Verde de Indocianina/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
12.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(2): 964-974, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232296

RESUMO

Thermosensitive nanoparticles can be activated by externally applying heat, either through laser irradiation or magnetic fields, to trigger the release of drug payloads. This controlled release mechanism ensures that drugs are specifically released at the tumor site, maximizing their effectiveness while minimizing systemic toxicity and adverse effects. However, its efficacy is limited by the low concentration of drugs at action sites, which is caused by no specific target to tumor sties. Herein, hyaluronic acid (HA), a gooey, slippery substance with CD44-targeting ability, was conjugated with a thermosensitive polymer poly(acrylamide-co-acrylonitrile) to produce tumor-targeting and thermosensitive polymeric nanocarrier (HA-P) with an upper critical solution temperature (UCST) at 45 °C, which further coloaded chemo-drug doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer Indocyanine green (ICG) to prepare thermosensitive nanoreactors HA-P/DOX&ICG. With photosensitizer ICG acting as the "temperature control element", HA-P/DOX&ICG nanoparticles can respond to temperature changes when receiving near-infrared irradiation and realize subsequent structure depolymerization for burst drug release when the ambient temperature was above 45 °C, achieving programmable and on-demand drug release for effective antitumor therapy. Tumor inhibition rate increased from 61.8 to 95.9% after laser irradiation. Furthermore, the prepared HA-P/DOX&ICG nanoparticles possess imaging properties, with ICG acting as a probe, enabling real-time monitoring of drug distribution and therapeutic response, facilitating precise treatment evaluation. These results provide enlightenment for the design of active tumor targeting and NIR-triggered programmable and on-demand drug release of thermosensitive nanoreactors for tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Fototerapia/métodos , Doxorrubicina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Verde de Indocianina/farmacologia , Verde de Indocianina/química , Nanotecnologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
13.
Semin Pediatr Surg ; 33(1): 151384, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245991

RESUMO

The breadth of pediatric surgical practice and variety of anatomic anomalies that characterize surgical disease in children and neonates require a unique level of operative mastery and versatility. Intraoperative navigation of small, complex, and often abnormal anatomy presents a particular challenge for pediatric surgeons. Clinical experience with fluorescent tissue dye, specifically indocyanine green (ICG), is quickly gaining widespread incorporation into adult surgical practice as a safe, non-toxic means of accurately visualizing tissue perfusion, lymphatic flow, and biliary anatomy to enhance operative speed, safety, and patient outcomes. Experience in pediatric surgery, however, remains limited. ICG-fluorescence guided surgery is poised to address the challenges of pediatric and neonatal operations for a growing breadth of surgical pathology. Fluorescent angiography has permitted intraoperative visualization of colorectal flap perfusion for complex pelvic reconstruction and anastomotic perfusion after esophageal atresia repair, while its hepatic absorption and biliary excretion has made it an excellent agent for delineating the dissection plane in the Kasai portoenterostomy and identifying both primary and metastatic hepatoblastoma lesions. Subcutaneous and intra-lymphatic ICG injection can identify iatrogenic chylous leaks and improved yields in sentinel lymph node biopsies. ICG-guided surgery holds promise for more widespread use in pediatric surgical conditions, and continued evaluation of efficacy will be necessary to better inform clinical practice and identify where to focus and develop this technical resource.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Criança , Fluorescência , Pelve
14.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 107: 24-32, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181836

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Non-contrast magnetic resonance lymphography (NMRL) has recently shown the capability of evaluating anatomical fluid distribution in upper extremity lymphedema (UEL). However, there is still a lack of knowledge about the correlation between the characteristic three-dimensional (3D) NMRL findings and the indocyanine green lymphography (ICG-L) findings. Our goal was to clarify the relationship between the 3D NMRL findings and the ICG-L findings. METHODS: Medical charts of patients with secondary UEL who underwent NMRL and ICG-L between January 2018 to October 2021 were reviewed. The upper extremities were divided into 6 regions; the hand, elbow, and the radial and ulnar aspects of the forearm and the upper arm. We investigated the prevalence of characteristic 3D NMRL patterns (Mist/Spray/Inky) in each region based on the ICG-L stage. We also examined the association between the 3D NMRL stage which we proposed and the ICG-L stage, and other clinical factors. RESULTS: A total of 150 regions of 25 patients with upper extremities lymphedema were enrolled in the study. All of the characteristic patterns increased significantly as the ICG-L stage advanced (p < 0.001, < 0.001, and < 0.001, respectively). The predominant NMRL patterns changed significantly from the Early pattern (Mist pattern) to the Advanced pattern (Inky/Spray pattern) as the ICG-L stage progressed (p < 0.001). The higher Stage of 3D NMRL was significantly associated with the progression of the ICG-L stage (rs = 0.80, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Characteristic 3D NMRL patterns and the 3D NMRL Stage had a significant relationship with the ICG-L stage and other clinical parameters. This information may be an efficient tool for a more precise and objective evaluation of various treatments for UEL patients.


Assuntos
Linfedema , Linfografia , Humanos , Linfografia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Verde de Indocianina , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Superior/diagnóstico por imagem , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
15.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 251: 112843, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262341

RESUMO

Laser ablation therapy (LA) uses Indocyanine Green dye (ICG) which efficiently absorbs laser energy and the increased temperature results in an instantaneous flame that chars tissue and microbes. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses different dyes that are activated by light to kill bacteria. This study evaluated the biocompatibility of the dye Curcumin (CUR), Methylene Blue (MB), and Indocyanine Green (ICG) before and after laser activation (ACT). Polyethylene tubes containing one of the dyes were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 32 rats (4 tubes per rat) which were divided into 8 groups: C - control (saline solution); C + ACT (Red Laser 660 nm); CUR; CUR + ACT (480 nm blue LED); MB; MB + ACT (Red Laser 660 nm); ICG; ICG + ACT (810 nm Infrared Laser). After 7 and 30 days (n = 8/time), the rats were euthanized and the tubes with the surrounding tissue were removed and processed for histological analysis of inflammation using H&E stain, and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). A two-way analysis of variance statistical test was applied (p < 0.05). At 7 days, regardless of laser activation, the CUR group showed a greater inflammatory infiltrate compared to the ICG and control groups, and the MB group had a greater inflammation only in relation to the control (p < 0.05). At 30 days, CUR and MB groups showed a greater inflammatory infiltrate than the control (p < 0.05). ICG group was equal to the control in both periods, regardless of the laser activation (p > 0.05). Laser activation induced the proliferation of collagen immature fibers at 7 days, regardless of the dye (p < 0.05). The CUR group showed a lower percentage of immature and mature fibers at 7 days, compared to ICG and control (p < 0.05) and, at 30 days, compared to control (p < 0.05). Regardless of laser activation, the ICG showed the results of collagen maturation closest to the control (p > 0.05). It was concluded that all dyes are biocompatible and that laser activation did not interfere with biocompatibility. In addition, the maturity of collagen was adequate before and after the laser activation. These results demonstrate that the clinical use of dyes is safe even when activated with a laser.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Terapia a Laser , Fotoquimioterapia , Ratos , Animais , Corantes , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Verde de Indocianina/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Curcumina/farmacologia , Colágeno , Inflamação
16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 660: 585-596, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266340

RESUMO

Synergistic therapy is expected to be a promising strategy for highly effective cancer treatment. However, the rational design of a simple and multifunctional nanoplatform still remains a grand challenge. Considering the nature of weak acidic, hypoxic, and H2O2 abundant tumor microenvironment, we constructed an indocyanine green (ICG) modified platinum nanoclusters (Pt NCs) decorated gold nanobipyramids (Au NBPs) to form the multifunctional nanocomposites (Au NBPs@Pt NCs-ICG) for multimodal imaging mediated phototherapy and chemodynamic cancer therapy. The photosensitizer ICG was covalently linked to Au NBPs@Pt NCs by bridging molecules of SH-PEG-NH2 for both photodynamic therapy (PDT) and fluorescence imaging. Besides, Au NBPs@Pt NCs-ICG nanocomposites exhibited catalase- and peroxidase-like activities to generate O2 and ·OH, which relieved the tumor hypoxia and upregulated antitumoral ROS level. Moreover, the combination of Au NBPs and ICG endowed the Au NBPs@Pt NCs-ICG with super photothermal conversion for effective photothermal imaging and therapy. In addition, the Au NBPs@Pt NCs-ICG nanoplatform displayed excellent X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging ability due to the presence of high-Z elements (Au and Pt). Overall, our results demonstrated that Au NBPs@Pt NCs-ICG nanoplatform exhibited a multimodal imaging guided synergistic PTT/PDT/CDT therapeutic manners and held great potential as an efficient treatment for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Feminino , Medicina de Precisão , Microambiente Tumoral , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fototerapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Verde de Indocianina , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos
17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 726, 2024 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38184756

RESUMO

Intra-abdominal adhesions have consistently posed a challenge for surgeons during procedures. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of utilizing indocyanine green (ICG) in conjunction with near-infrared imaging for the detection of intra-abdominal adhesions. In vitro, we analyzed factors affecting ICG fluorescence. We divided SD rats into groups to study ICG excretion in different digestive tract regions. Additionally, we reviewed surgical videos from previous cholecystectomy cases, categorizing them by ICG injection timing and assessing fluorescence imaging in various digestive tract regions. Finally, we preoperatively injected ICG into two cholecystectomized patients with abdominal adhesions, guiding intraoperative adhesiolysis with near-infrared fluorescence imaging. In vitro, we observed a significant influence of protein and ICG concentrations on ICG fluorescence intensity. Our rat experiments unveiled a strong and highly significant correlation (Kendall's tau-b = 1, P < 0.001) between the timing of ICG injection and the farthest point of intestinal fluorescence. A retrospective case analysis further validated this finding (Kendall's tau-b = 0.967, P < 0.001). Under the guidance of fluorescence navigation, two cholecystectomized patients with intra-abdominal adhesions successfully underwent adhesiolysis, and no postoperative complications occurred. The intraoperative combination of ICG with near-infrared fluorescence imaging effectively enhances the visibility of the liver, bile ducts, and various segments of the gastrointestinal tract while providing real-time navigation. This real-time fluorescence guidance has the potential to aid surgeons in the dissection of intra-abdominal adhesions.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dissecação
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(5): 5598-5612, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270979

RESUMO

Imaging plays a critical role in all stages of cancer care from early detection to diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy monitoring. Recently, photoacoustic imaging (PAI) has started to emerge into the clinical realm due to its high sensitivity and ability to penetrate tissues up to several centimeters deep. Herein, we encapsulated indocyanine green J (ICGJ) aggregate, one of the only FDA-approved organic exogenous contrast agents that absorbs in the near-infrared range, at high loadings up to ∼40% w/w within biodegradable polymersomes (ICGJ-Ps) composed of poly(lactide-co-glycolide-b-polyethylene glycol) (PLGA-b-PEG). The small Ps hydrodynamic diameter of 80 nm is advantageous for in vivo applications, while directional conjugation with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting cetuximab antibodies renders molecular specificity. Even when exposed to serum, the ∼11 nm-thick membrane of the Ps prevents dissociation of the encapsulated ICGJ for at least 48 h with a high ratio of ICGJ to monomeric ICG absorbances (i.e., I895/I780 ratio) of approximately 5.0 that enables generation of a strong NIR photoacoustic (PA) signal. The PA signal of polymersome-labeled breast cancer cells is proportional to the level of cellular EGFR expression, indicating the feasibility of molecular PAI with antibody-conjugated ICGJ-Ps. Furthermore, the labeled cells were successfully detected with PAI in highly turbid tissue-mimicking phantoms up to a depth of 5 mm with the PA signal proportional to the amount of cells. These data show the potential of molecular PAI with ICGJ-Ps for clinical applications such as tumor margin detection, evaluation of lymph nodes for the presence of micrometastasis, and laparoscopic imaging procedures.


Assuntos
Imunoconjugados , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Verde de Indocianina/química , Meios de Contraste/química , Análise Espectral , Imagem Molecular , Receptores ErbB , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos
19.
Theranostics ; 14(3): 1081-1097, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250046

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury is a complication in vascular reperfusion therapy for MI, occurring in approximately 60% of patients. Ferroptosis is an important process in the development of MI/R cardiac lesions. Transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), a marker of ferroptosis, corresponds to the changes in MI/R cardiac lesions and is expected to be a biomarker for detecting MI/R-induced ferroptosis. However, the noninvasive in vivo visualization of ferroptosis in MI/R is a big challenge. Thus, this study aimed to develop a novel multimodal imaging platform to identify markers of MI/R cardiac lesions in vivo through targeting TfR1. Methods: Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) modality for ferroptosis based on superparamagnetic cubic-iron oxide nanoparticles (SCIO NPs), named feMPI, has been developed. FeMPI used TfR1 as a typical biomarker. The feMPI probe (SCIO-ICG-CRT-CPPs NPs, CCI NPs) consists of SCIO NPs, TfR1-targeting peptides (CRT), cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), and indocyanine green (ICG). The specificity and sensitivity of CCI NPs in the MI/R mouse model were evaluated by MPI, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent imaging. Results: The intensity of the MPI signal correlates linearly with the percentage of infarct area in MI/R stained by TTC, enabling a quantitative assessment of the extent of cardiac lesions. Notably, these findings are consistent with the standard clinical biochemical indicators in MI/R within the first 24 h. FeMPI detects cardiac injury approximately 48 h prior to the current clinical imaging detection methods of MI/R. Conclusion: The feMPI strategy can be a powerful tool for studying the process of MI/R-induced ferroptosis in vivo, providing clues for molecular imaging and drug development of ferroptosis-related treatments.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Penetradores de Células , Ferroptose , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Reperfusão Miocárdica , Isquemia , Imagem Molecular , Verde de Indocianina , Biomarcadores
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 1626, 2024 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238385

RESUMO

Surgical procedures often rely on unaided visual observation or endoscopic assistance, which may pose challenges in cases involving intricate anatomical relationships. Real-time imaging technologies capable of intraoperative visualization of target organs have the potential to enhance the precision of surgical procedures by facilitating accurate identification, separation, and protection of vital tissues or organs. Despite these advantages, the widespread adoption of such technologies has been hindered by factors such as the prohibitive cost of equipment. This study aims to optimize and develop a device based on Indocyanine Green (ICG) for fluorescence imaging. The objective is to monitor changes in the average fluorescence intensity of ICG in the bladder, offering valuable guidance for surgeries involving the bladder. 1. Male rabbits were administered 0.01 mg/ml ICG via the renal pelvis and ear vein to obtain fluorescence images of the ureter, bladder, and small intestine. 2. After ligating the bilateral ureters of male rabbits, a retrograde bladder perfusion of 5 ml 0.01 mg/ml ICG was conducted to capture fluorescence images of the bladder over time. The average fluorescence intensity was computed using Image Pro Plus 6.0, and the corresponding curve was generated using Prism 8.0. Using a similar methodology, the average fluorescence intensity of male rabbits without ureteral ligation was measured and plotted over time. 1. The developed device facilitated imaging of the ureter, bladder, and small intestine. 2. The bladder's average fluorescence intensity exhibited changes over time in response to urine production and ureteral ligation, contrasting with observations without ureteral ligation. We have successfully constructed and optimized a modular fluorescence imaging system for organs and tissues. This system proves effective in imaging experiments involving hollow organs in animals and offers valuable insights for relevant surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Ureter , Animais , Masculino , Coelhos , Fluorescência , Ureter/diagnóstico por imagem , Ureter/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Óptica/métodos
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