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1.
Nutr J ; 23(1): 41, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication of pregnancy, with significant short-term and long-term implications for both mothers and their offspring. Previous studies have indicated the potential benefits of vitamin D in reducing the risk of GDM, yet little is known about this association in twin pregnancies. This study aimed to investigate maternal vitamin D status in the second trimester and examine its association with the risk of GDM in twin pregnancies. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study based on data from the Chongqing Longitudinal Twin Study (LoTiS). Peripheral blood serum was collected from the mothers in the second trimester to measure 25(OH)D concentrations. GDM was diagnosed at 23-26 weeks of gestation using a 75-g 2-h oral glucose tolerance test. We used multivariable logistic regression analyses to examine the correlations between vitamin D status and the risk of GDM. RESULTS: Of the total participants, 93 (29.9%) women were diagnosed with GDM. The mean serum 25(OH)D concentration in the second trimester was 31.1 ± 11.2 ng/mL, and the rate of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency were 23.5% and 18.7%, respectively. Compared to women with a 25(OH)D concentration < 30 ng/mL, those with a 25(OH)D concentration ≥ 30 ng/mL had a significantly lower risk of GDM (RR 0.61; 95% CI: 0.43, 0.86), especially those who were overweight before pregnancy (RR 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16, 0.64). The restricted cubic splines model showed an inverted J-shaped relationship between vitamin D concentrations and GDM risk. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of GDM was significantly reduced in twin pregnant women with vitamin D concentrations ≥ 30 ng/mL in the second trimester. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-OOC-16,008,203. Retrospectively registered on 1 April 2016.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Masculino , Vitamina D , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Vitaminas , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
2.
Elife ; 122024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567749

RESUMO

Vitamin D possesses immunomodulatory functions and vitamin D deficiency has been associated with the rise in chronic inflammatory diseases, including asthma (Litonjua and Weiss, 2007). Vitamin D supplementation studies do not provide insight into the molecular genetic mechanisms of vitamin D-mediated immunoregulation. Here, we provide evidence for vitamin D regulation of two human chromosomal loci, Chr17q12-21.1 and Chr17q21.2, reliably associated with autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. We demonstrate increased vitamin D receptor (Vdr) expression in mouse lung CD4+ Th2 cells, differential expression of Chr17q12-21.1 and Chr17q21.2 genes in Th2 cells based on vitamin D status and identify the IL-2/Stat5 pathway as a target of vitamin D signaling. Vitamin D deficiency caused severe lung inflammation after allergen challenge in mice that was prevented by long-term prenatal vitamin D supplementation. Mechanistically, vitamin D induced the expression of the Ikzf3-encoded protein Aiolos to suppress IL-2 signaling and ameliorate cytokine production in Th2 cells. These translational findings demonstrate mechanisms for the immune protective effect of vitamin D in allergic lung inflammation with a strong molecular genetic link to the regulation of both Chr17q12-21.1 and Chr17q21.2 genes and suggest further functional studies and interventional strategies for long-term prevention of asthma and other autoimmune disorders.


Assuntos
Asma , Pneumonia , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Interleucina-2 , Inflamação , Células Th2 , Deficiência de Vitamina D/metabolismo , Vitaminas
3.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611915

RESUMO

Vitamin D (Vit D) is a fat-soluble molecule acting like a hormone, and it is involved in several biological mechanisms such as gene expression, calcium homeostasis, bone metabolism, immune modulation, viral protection, and neuromuscular functions. Vit D deficiency can lead to chronic hypocalcemia, hyperparathyroidism, and many other pathological conditions; in this context, low and very low levels of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OH-D) were found to be associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 infection and the likelihood of many severe diseases. For all these reasons, it is important to quantify and monitor 25-OH-D levels to ensure that the serum/blood concentrations are not clinically suboptimal. Serum concentration of 25-OH-D is currently the main indicator of Vit D status, and it is currently performed by different assays, but the most common quantitation techniques involve immunometric methods or chromatography. Nevertheless, other quantitation techniques and instruments are now emerging, such as AFIAS-1® and AFIAS-10® (Boditech and Menarini) based on the immunofluorescence analyzer, that guarantee an automated system with cartridges able to give quick and reliable results as a point-of-care test (POCT). This work aims to compare AFIAS-1® and AFIAS-10® (Boditech and Menarini) Vit D quantitation with Ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry that currently represents the gold standard technique for Vit D quantitation. The analyses were performed in parallel on 56 samples and in different conditions (from fresh and frozen plasma) to assess the reliability of the results. Any statistically significant differences in methods, the fixed error, and the error proportional to concentration were reported. Results obtained in all conditions showed a good correlation between both AFIAS® instruments and LC-MS/MS, and we can affirm that AFIAS-1® and AFIAS-10® are reliable instruments for measuring 25-OH-D with accuracy and in a fast manner.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Vitamina D , Cromatografia Líquida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Vitaminas , Imunofluorescência , Imunoensaio
4.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611921

RESUMO

Pregnant women must be wary of using traditional medicines due to the possibility of their having oxytoxic effects. Indonesia is rich in plants containing antioxidants. One of these plants is Phyllanthus emblica L. This study aims to determine the phytochemical constituents of Phyllanthus emblica L. fruit nanoherbals by LC-HRMS analysis and their antimutagenic activity and teratogenic effects. The study commenced by producing nanoherbal extracts from P. emblica fruit. The phytochemical composition of these extracts was then analyzed using LC-HRMS. The nanoherbal extracts were also tested for their ability to prevent mutations, as indicated by a reduction in micronuclei observed in mouse femur bone marrow smear preparations. The teratogenicity test involved administering the P. emblica fruit nanoherbal at 100, 500, and 1000 mg/kg BW doses. The data were analyzed using SPSS. The phytochemical constituents of the P. emblica fruit nanoherbal include flavonoids, phenols, vitamins, and alkaloids. The P. emblica fruit nanoherbal exhibits antimutagenic activity, as evidenced by a statistical analysis that indicated a significant decrease in the quantity of micronuclei per 200 PCE compared to the negative control (p < 0.05). The administration of the P. emblica fruit nanoherbal at a dosage of 1000 mg/kg BW resulted in a teratogenic impact during the organogenesis stage, as shown by hemorrhage and anomalies in the sternum.


Assuntos
Frutas , Phyllanthus emblica , Gravidez , Humanos , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Teratógenos/toxicidade , Vitaminas , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
5.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 53(2): 215-222, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the usual vitamin intake and the prevalence of inadequate intakes among Chinese adults in 2015, and to provide a scientific basis for developing nutrition intervention strategies and measures for target populations. METHODS: Data was drawn from the Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2015-2017, a nationally representative cross-sectional study. The multistage stratified whole-group random sampling method was used to draw participants from 298 surveillance sites in 31 provinces(autonomous regions and municipalities). Participants with no available information or abnormal energy intake were excluded, and finally, a total of 72 231 participants aged 18 years and older were included in the current study. The dietary data of the participants were collected by the 24-hour dietary recall method combined with the condiment weighing method for three consecutive days. The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate the distribution of the usual intake of vitamin B_1(thiamine), vitamin B_2(riboflavin), niacin, vitamin C(ascorbic acid), and vitamin E(tocopherol), and the prevalence of inadequate intake was evaluated based on estimated average requirement or adequate intake from the Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes 2023. RESULTS: The usual intake of vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin B_1, vitamin B_2 and niacin were 27.93 mg/d, 77.67 mg/d, 0.78 mg/d, 0.62 mg/d and 13.15 mg/d, respectively. The prevalence of inadequate intake was, in descending order, vitamin B_2(95.98%), vitamin B_1(86.73%), vitamin C(63.70%), niacin(39.81%), and vitamin E(21.17%). The prevalence of inadequate vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin B_1 and niacin intake among females was higher than among males(P<0.01). Overall, the prevalence of inadequate vitamin intake increased with age. Rural residents had a higher prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamin C, vitamin B_2 and niacin than urban residents(P<0.01). Except for vitamin E, the prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamins decreased with increasing education levels. The prevalence of inadequate intake of these five vitamins was higher among participants with lower income levels than those with middle or high income(P<0.01). Participants with normal weight had a higher prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamin E than those with overweight or obesity and had a higher prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamin C than those with obesity. However, participants with normal weight had a higher prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamin E than those with overweight or obesity, with the differences being statistically significant(P<0.01). Except for vitamin E, the prevalence of inadequate intake of vitamins decreased with increasing physical activity intensity. CONCLUSION: In 2015, the usual intake of dietary vitamins of Chinese adults was low. There are differences in usual intakes of vitamins and prevalence of inadequate vitamin intake for adults aged 18 years and above in males and females, different age groups, urban and rural areas, education levels, household income levels, body mass index and physical activity intensity.


Assuntos
Niacina , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Sobrepeso , Vitaminas , Dieta , Tiamina , Riboflavina , Vitamina E , Ácido Ascórbico , Vitamina A , Vitamina K , Obesidade , China/epidemiologia
6.
Epigenetics ; 19(1): 2337142, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583183

RESUMO

Deregulation of ten-eleven Translocation protein 1 (TET1) is commonly reported to induce imbalances in gene expression and subsequently to colorectal cancer development (CRC). On the other hand, vitamin C (VitC) improves the prognosis of colorectal cancer by reprogramming the cancer epigenome and limiting chemotherapeutic drug resistance events. In this study, we aimed to characterize TET1-specific subcellular compartments and evaluate the effect of VitC on TET1 compartmentalization in colonic tumour cells. We demonstrated that TET1 is concentrated in coarse nuclear bodies (NB) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) in foci in colorectal cancer cells (HCT116, Caco-2, and HT-29). To our knowledge, this is the first report of a novel intracellular localization profile of TET1 and its demethylation marker, 5hmC, in CRC cells. Interestingly, we found that TET1-NBs frequently interacted with Cajal bodies, but not with promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) bodies. In addition, we report that VitC treatment of HCT116 cells induces 5hmC foci biogenesis and triggers 5hmC marks to form active complexes with nuclear body components, including both Cajal and PML proteins. Our data highlight novel NB-concentrating TET1 in CRC cells and demonstrate that VitC modulates TET1-NBs' interactions with other nuclear structures. These findings reveal novel TET1-dependent cellular functions and potentially provide new insights for CRC management.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Células CACO-2 , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Corpos Nucleares da Leucemia Promielocítica , Metilação de DNA , Corpos Nucleares , Vitaminas , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Oxigenases de Função Mista/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8141, 2024 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584183

RESUMO

To evaluate association of vitamin D with sleep quality in adults and the influence of VDR-gene polymorphism FokI (rs2228570;A > G). Cross-sectional population-based study in adults, conducted in Brazil. The outcome was sleep-quality, evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Vitamin D was determined by indirect electrochemiluminescence and classified as deficiency (VDD), 25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL in a healthy population or 25(OH)D < 30 ng/mL for groups at risk for VDD. FokI polymorphism in the VDR-gene was genotyped by qPCR and classified as homozygous wild (FF or AA), heterozygous (Ff or AG), or homozygous mutant (ff or GG). Multivariate logistic analysis was used to estimate the association between vitamin D and FokI polymorphism with sleep-quality. In a total of 1674 individuals evaluated, 53.6% had poor-sleep-quality, 31.5% had VDD, and the genotype frequency of the FokI polymorphism was 9.9% FF, 44.6% Ff, and 45.5% ff. In multivariate analysis, individuals with VDD had 1.51 times the chance of poor-sleep-quality, and individuals with the ff genotype had 1.49 times the chance of poor-sleep-quality (OR:1.49;95%CI:1.05-2.12) when compared to individuals with the FF or Ff genotype. In the combined analysis, individuals with VDD and ff genotype had more chance of poor-sleep-quality than individuals with sufficient vitamin D and genotype Ff or FF (OR:2.19;95%CI:1.27-3.76). Our data suggest that VDD and VDR FokI gene polymorphism are associated with poor-sleep-quality, and combining the two factors increases the chance of poor-sleep-quality compared to separate groups.


Assuntos
Qualidade do Sono , Vitamina D , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Vitaminas , Genótipo , Predisposição Genética para Doença
8.
Indian J Tuberc ; 71(2): 170-178, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since, Vitamin D [1α,25(OH)2D)] enhances antimicrobial activity of Innate immunity and modulate Adaptive immune responses, simultaneously, so it play a potential role for balanced immune activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and restricting tissue injuries within the TB patients.(Chun et al., 2011) 9 We aimed to determine the role of adjunct Vitamin D treatment on the outcome of pulmonary tuberculosis patients and evaluated the effect of Vitamin D administration on Differential Leucocyte Count, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, serum Adenosine deaminase, serum C- reactive protein, Oxygen saturation (SpO2) and Body Weight in Vitamin D deficient pulmonary tuberculosis patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, interventional, randomized, double blind, parallel group, active controlled clinical trial. Newly diagnosed Vitamin D deficient pulmonary tuberculosis patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (received standard anti-tubercular treatment with adjunct Vitamin D3) and control group (received standard anti-tubercular treatment without adjunct Vitamin D3). Total four doses [each dose of 2.5 mg (100000 IU)] of Vitamin D3 were given, orally. First dose was given within 7 days of starting anti-tubercular treatment and second, third, fourth dose were given at 2, 4 and 6 weeks respectively. At the time of enrollment, we measured all baseline characteristics. During follow-up, we measured the study variables and monitored adverse events at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 weeks. Our safety parameter was serum corrected calcium level to assess the risk of hypercalcemia. RESULTS: Total 130 pulmonary TB patients, 65 patients in each group, were analyzed. Our study results showed that decrease in Neutrophil count was statistically significant with small effect sizes at every time point of measurement and increase in Lymphocyte count was statistically significant with small and moderate effect sizes at 4, 6 and 8 week for intervention group than for control group. Decrease in erythrocyte sedimentation rate was statistically significant with small effect sizes at 6 and 8 week, decrease in serum adenosine deaminase and serum C- reactive protein was statistically significant with moderate effect sizes at 4, 6 and 8 week for intervention group than for control group. Increase in Oxygen saturation was statistically significant at 4 week with small effect size and increase in body weight was statistically significant with small effect sizes for intervention group than for control group. No case of hypercalcemia was reported. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest a potential role of adjunctive Vitamin D3 to accelerate resolution of inflammatory responses and improvement in clinical outcomes of pulmonary TB patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered with Clinical Trials Registry - INDIA (http://ctri.nic.in) with CTRI Number - CTRI/2021/11/037914. PLACE OF STUDY: Room Number 27, first floor out-patients department (OPD) and inpatient Wards, fourth floor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah (U.P.), INDIA.


Assuntos
Hipercalcemia , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Humanos , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Adenosina Desaminase , Estudos Prospectivos , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico , Colecalciferol/uso terapêutico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Peso Corporal
9.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 119(4): 927-948, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A global move toward consumption of diets from sustainable sources is required to protect planetary health. As this dietary transition will result in greater reliance on plant-based protein sources, the impact on micronutrient (MN) intakes and status is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the evidence of effects on intakes and status of selected MNs resulting from changes in dietary intakes to reduce environmental impact. Selected MNs of public health concern were vitamins A, D, and B12, folate, calcium, iron, iodine, and zinc. METHODS: We systematically searched 7 databases from January 2011 to October 2022 and followed the PRISMA guidelines. Eligible studies had to report individual MN intake and/or status data collected in free-living individuals from the year 2000 onward and environmental outcomes. RESULTS: From the 10,965 studies identified, 56 studies were included, mostly from high-income countries (n = 49). Iron (all 56) and iodine (n = 20) were the most and least reported MNs, respectively. There was one randomized controlled trial (RCT) that also provided the only biomarker data, 10 dietary intake studies, and 45 dietary modeling studies, including 29 diet optimization studies. Most studies sought to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or intake of animal-sourced foods. Most results suggested that intakes of zinc, calcium, iodine, and vitamins B12, A, and D would decrease, and total iron and folate would increase in a dietary transition to reduce environmental impacts. Risk of inadequate intakes of zinc, calcium, vitamins A, B12 and D were more likely to increase in the 10 studies that reported nutrient adequacy. Diet optimization (n = 29) demonstrated that meeting nutritional and environmental targets is technically feasible, although acceptability is not guaranteed. CONCLUSIONS: Lower intakes and status of MNs of public health concern are a potential outcome of dietary changes to reduce environmental impacts. Adequate consideration of context and nutritional requirements is required to develop evidence-based recommendations. This study was registered prospectively with PROSPERO (CRD42021239713).


Assuntos
Iodo , Micronutrientes , Humanos , Cálcio , Dieta , Vitaminas , Ácido Fólico , Cálcio da Dieta , Zinco , Ferro
11.
Elife ; 132024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567741

RESUMO

Results in mice suggest that vitamin D reduces the symptoms of asthma by controlling an immune response that leads to inflammation of the airways.


Assuntos
Asma , Vitamina D , Animais , Camundongos , Células Th2 , Vitaminas , Inflamação
12.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 446-452, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557524

RESUMO

Although vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common health problems throughout the world, conflicting information exists on the potential association between serum vitamin D levels and semen quality. Currently available data identifies that vitamin D has a vital role in reproductive process as it affects sperm motility. This study was done with the rationality to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D levels with asthenozoospermic males. This cross-sectional analytic study was conducted on 314 men who attended the Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh July 2018 to June 2019. Considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria all participants were categorized into two groups; Group I included 157 asthenozoospermic male and Group II included 157 normozoospermic male according to World Health Organization 'strict' criteria 2010. Participants completed the questionnaires after they had agreed on a informed consent. Blood and semen samples were obtained for assessment and all data were adjusted for age, body mass index (BMI), total motility and progressive motility. Vitamin D levels were classified according to the Endocrine Society guideline. Statistical analyses were carried out by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 22.0 for Windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA). The results showed that the mean vitamin D level was 16.63±5.54ng/ml in asthenozoospermic group and 19.83±5.33ng/ml in normozoospermic group. The mean vitamin D level was significantly (p<0.05) lower in asthenozoospermic group. It was noticed that 86.6% patients had vitamin D deficiency (≤20ng/ml) in asthenozoospermic group compared to 56.7% in the normozoospermic group. The study found that low vitamin D was associated with a fivefold increased risk of developing asthenozoospermia at 95% CI (2.74-8.99). Moreover, there was a positive significant correlation (r=0.285; p<0.001) between serum vitamin D level with total motility and progressive motility (r=0.232; p<0.001). Hence, the study suggests a significant association between asthenozoospermia and low vitamin D levels. However, clinical trials are warranted to further reinforce the findings.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia , Infertilidade Masculina , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Humanos , Masculino , Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Motilidade dos Espermatozoides , Estudos Transversais , Vitaminas , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações
13.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 476-485, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557529

RESUMO

Effect of vitamin D level on incident hypertension was not elucidated in our country perspective. The objective of the study was to report the level of vitamin D and its relation with incident hypertension among the Bangladeshi adults. This cross-sectional assessment was conducted in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh for a period of one year (1st January 2019 to 31st December 2019). A total of 187 participants who had no known history of hypertension and comorbidities were included. Vitamin D assay and risk factors assessment for hypertension were performed for each patient. Data collection was done using a structured questionnaire and the study was conducted in compliance with current declaration of Helsinki. Analysis was conducted with SPSS 26.0. Out of 187 participants 33(17.6%) was newly diagnosed with hypertension. Predominant age group was 31-40 years (30.5%) and the average of incidence ±SD was 36.76±12.14 years. Sufficient, insufficient and deficient vitamin D was present in 11.8%, 32.6% and 55.6% cases, respectively. Mean±SD SBP and DBP were 117.41±12.84 and 76.87±9.46 mm of Hg. Hypertension was significantly more common in male than female (p=0.047), but there was no association of vitamin D with hypertension (p=0.262). Both hypertensive and normotensive patients shared similar risk factor profile in terms of age, gender, BMI, unhealthy food habit, extra salt intake, tobacco use, caffeine consumption, hormonal contraceptive of female (p>0.05 for all). Nearly one-fifth participants had newly diagnosed hypertension and more than fifty percent had vitamin D deficiency. However, vitamin D level didn't have any statistically significant association with incident hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Vitamina D , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Vitaminas , Pressão Sanguínea
14.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 256, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589811

RESUMO

Prenatal vitamin D (PVD) is a vital micronutrient for dental caries (DCs). The association between prenatal vitamin D deficiencies (PVDD) and DCs in children has been conflicting in different reports. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between PVDD and DCs in children for the first time. We searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Sciences, Embase, and Scholar databases to find relevant studies based on mesh terms from 2000 to October 2023. This study was conducted based on the 2020 version of the PRISMA checklist. Cochran's Q and I2 tests were used to evaluate heterogeneity between studies. Egger's test was used to evaluate publication bias. The effect size of the association between PVDD and DCs was reported by the odds ratio (OR) at the 95% confidence interval (95% CI).Twelve studies, including 11,021 participants, were reviewed. The pooled prevalence of PVDD was estimated at 4353 (32%). The prevalence of DCs in children of mothers with and without PVDD was 44% and 25%, respectively. PVDD was significantly associated with an increased risk of DCs in children (OR: 1.35, 95% CI (1.22, 1.47), I2 = 86.6%). The association of DCs with PVDD was different based on gestational age groups, children's age groups, and vitamin D levels. This meta-analysis showed PVDD can be associated with an increased risk of DCs in children, especially in mothers with prenatal vitamin D levels ≤ 35 nmol/L. Adequate vitamin D levels throughout pregnancy can help prevent DCs in children.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Criança , Lactente , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Vitaminas , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D , Mães
15.
Biotechnol J ; 19(4): e2300466, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581094

RESUMO

The bacterium Sporosarcina pasteurii is the most commonly used microorganism for Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation (MICP) due to its high urease activity. To date, no proper fed-batch cultivation protocol for S. pasteurii has been published, even though this cultivation method has a high potential for reducing costs of producing microbial ureolytic biomass. This study focusses on fed-batch cultivation of S. pasteurii DSM33. The study distinguishes between limited fed-batch cultivation and extended batch cultivation. Simply feeding glucose to a S. pasteurii culture does not seem beneficial. However, it was exploited that S. pasteurii is auxotrophic for two vitamins and amino acids. Limited fed-batch cultivation was accomplished by feeding the necessary vitamins or amino acids to a culture lacking them. Feeding nicotinic acid to a nicotinic acid deprived culture resulted in a 24% increase of the specific urease activity compared to a fed culture without nicotinic acid limitation. Also, extended batch cultivation was explored. Feeding a mixture of glucose and yeast extract results in OD600 of ≈70 at the end of cultivation, which is the highest value published in literature so far. These results have the potential to make MICP applications economically viable.


Assuntos
Carbonato de Cálcio , Ácidos Nicotínicos , Sporosarcina , Carbonato de Cálcio/química , Urease/metabolismo , Biomassa , Ureia/química , Ureia/metabolismo , Vitaminas , Aminoácidos , Glucose
16.
17.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(3): 242-253, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582989

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the associations of serum folate and/or vitamin B 12 concentrations with obesity among Chinese children and adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 3,079 Chinese children and adolescents, aged 6 to 17 years, from Jiangsu, China. Anthropometric indices, such as, children's body mass index (BMI), BMI z-scores, waist circumference, and waist-to-height ratio were utilized. Multivariable linear regression and generalized additive models were used to investigate the associations of serum folate and vitamin B 12 levels with anthropometric indices and odds of obesity. Results: We observed that serum vitamin B 12 concentrations were inversely associated with all anthropometric indices and the odds of general obesity [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.68; 95% confidence interval ( CI) = 0.59, 0.78] and abdominal obesity ( OR = 0.68; 95% CI = 0.60, 0.77). When compared to participants with both serum vitamin levels in the two middle quartiles, those with both serum folate and vitamin B 12 levels in the highest quartile were less prone to general ( OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.19, 0.50) or abdominal obesity ( OR = 0.46, 95% CI = 0.31, 0.67). Conversely, participants with vitamin B 12 levels in the lowest quartile alongside folate levels in the highest quartile had higher odds of abdominal obesity ( OR = 2.06, 95% CI = 1.09, 3.91). Conclusion: Higher serum vitamin B 12 concentrations, but not serum folate concentrations, were associated with lower odds of childhood obesity. Children and adolescents with high levels of vitamin B 12 and folate were less likely to be obese.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Vitamina B 12 , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Obesidade Abdominal , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ácido Fólico , Vitaminas
18.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(3): 254-265, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582990

RESUMO

Objective: Studies on the relationship between iodine, vitamin A (VA), and vitamin D (VD) and thyroid function are limited. This study aimed to analyze iodine and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) status and their possible relationships with VA, VD, and other factors in postpartum women. Methods: A total of 1,311 mothers (896 lactating and 415 non-lactating) from Hebei, Zhejiang, and Guangxi provinces were included in this study. The urinary iodine concentration (UIC), TSH, VA, and VD were measured. Results: The median UIC of total and lactating participants were 142.00 µg/L and 139.95 µg/L, respectively. The median TSH, VA, and VD levels in all the participants were 1.89 mIU/L, 0.44 µg/mL, and 24.04 ng/mL, respectively. No differences in the UIC were found between lactating and non-lactating mothers. UIC and TSH levels were significantly different among the three provinces. The rural UIC was higher than the urban UIC. Obese mothers had a higher UIC and a higher prevalence of excessive TSH. Higher UICs and TSHs levels were observed in both the VD deficiency and insufficiency groups than in the VD-sufficient group. After adjustment, no linear correlation was observed between UIC and VA/VD. No interaction was found between vitamins A/D and UIC on TSH levels. Conclusion: The mothers in the present study had no iodine deficiency. Region, area type, BMI, and VD may be related to the iodine status or TSH levels.


Assuntos
Iodo , Tireotropina , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Lactação , China/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Estado Nutricional , Vitaminas , Vitamina D , Vitamina A , Colecalciferol
19.
Public Health ; 230: 190-197, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In observational studies, the 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level in body has been found to be closely related to particulate matter (PM) air pollution. In this study, we used the two-sample mendelian randomisation (MR) method to investigate and discuss the potential causal relationship and mode of influence. STUDY DESIGN: MR study. METHODS: PM data (PM10, PM2.5-10, PM2.5, PM2.5 absorbance) came from the UK Biobank database, and 25(OH)D data came from European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) database. The analysis was conducted utilising three prominent methods (inverse-variance-weighted [IVW], MR-Egger, weighted median, weighted mode, and simple mode). The primary emphasis was placed on IVW, accompanied by heterogeneity and horizontal pleiotropy tests. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis was undertaken. RESULTS: The MR analysis revealed a significant association between exposure to PM10 and a decrease in levels of 25(OH)D (odds ratio [OR]: 0.878, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.789-0.977). However, no significant relationship was observed between PM2.5 exposure and 25(OH)D (OR: 0.943, 95%CI: 0.858-1.037). Further analysis indicated that the main contributor to the decline in 25(OH)D levels is linked to PM2.5-10 exposure (OR: 0.840, 95%CI: 0.751-0.940) and PM2.5 absorbance (OR: 0.875, 95%CI: 0.824-0.929). No heterogeneity and horizontal pleiotropy existed. CONCLUSIONS: The MR results suggest that PM (PM10, PM2.5-10 and PM2.5 absorbance) exposure lowers vitamin D (VD) levels, but PM2.5 was not found to have a significant effect on VD in humans.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Material Particulado , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Calcifediol , Vitaminas , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
20.
Trials ; 25(1): 251, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is to restore the preinjury level of knee function to return to play (RTP). However, even after completing the rehabilitation programme, some patients may have persistent quadriceps muscle weakness affecting knee function which ultimately leads to a failure in returning to play. Vitamin D has been long recognized for its musculoskeletal effects. Vitamin D deficiency may impair muscle strength recovery after ACLR. Correcting vitamin D levels may improve muscle strength. METHODS: This is a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation during the post-operative period on quadriceps muscle strength in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured patients. Patients aged 18-50 with serum vitamin D < 20 ng/ml, unilateral ACL injury, > 90% deficit in total quadriceps muscle volume on the involved leg compared with uninvolved leg, Tegner score 7 + , and no previous knee injury/surgery will be recruited. To assess patient improvement, we will perform isokinetic and isometric muscle assessments, ultrasound imaging for quadriceps thickness, self-reported outcomes, KT-1000 for knee laxity, biomechanical analysis, and Xtreme CT for bone mineral density. To investigate the effect of vitamin D status on quadriceps strength, blood serum samples will be taken before and after intervention. DISCUSSION: Patients with low vitamin D levels had greater quadriceps fibre cross-sectional area loss and impaired muscle strength recovery after ACL. The proposed study will provide scientific support for using vitamin D supplementation to improve quadriceps strength recovery after ACLR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05174611. Registered on 28 November 2021.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Músculo Quadríceps , Humanos , Vitamina D , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Força Muscular , Vitaminas , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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