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2.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 94: 211-222, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38815546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subtotal and total lower eyelid tissue loss after tumour excision is a complex issue for reconstructive surgeons. The anterior and posterior flaps must be restored to avoid compromising the functional and aesthetic prognosis of the eye. This study used a septal chondromucosal graft for the posterior lamella and a fasciocutaneous flap pedicled on the temporal artery for the anterior lamella. METHOD: We conducted a 10-year monocentric retrospective study, including 18 patients who were treated using a septal chondromucosal graft with a temporal artery pedicle flap following tumour excision. We collected demographic and medico-surgical data related to flap survival, absence of ectropion, lagophthalmos and other post-operative complications. The aesthetic outcome was judged using a grading scale during the last follow-up consultation. RESULTS: All grafts and flaps survived, whereas 2 patients required early repeat surgery (1 for ectropion and 1 for graft site haematoma). None of the patients developed lagophthalmos. Two patients had distal flap injuries that healed with local care. All patients were satisfied with the aesthetic outcome at the last follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: Combining a septal chondromucosal graft with a fasciocutaneous flap pedicled to the temporal artery for total lower eyelid reconstruction is a reliable method with satisfactory functional and cosmetic outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Palpebrais , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Artérias Temporais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artérias Temporais/transplante , Artérias Temporais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Palpebrais/cirurgia , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Adulto , Blefaroplastia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Estética , Cartilagens Nasais/transplante , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia
3.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104307, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate use of Lateral Alar Caudal Graft to increase nasal tip definition in primary or revision rhinoplasty cases. METHOD: Lateral Alar Caudal Graft was used in 24 patients who underwent open technique septorhinoplasty between 2019 and 2023 years. Fourteen of the patients were female and 10 were male. This technique was applied in revision or primary cases where the caudal part of the lateral alar crura of the lower lateral cartilage was lower in the vertical plane than the cephalic part. The Lateral Alar Caudal Graft was sutured over the caudal edge of the lateral alar crura of the lower lateral cartilage. RESULT: The mean age of the patients was 23. The mean follow-up time of the patients was between 6 and 18 months. No complications were observed due to this technique. Satisfactory results were obtained in the postoperative period after surgery. CONCLUSION: We have successfully demonstrated that in primary or revision rhinoplasty cases, nasal tip definition will be enhanced by positioning the caudal level of the lateral alar crura of the lower lateral cartilage higher than the cephalic level using an onlay lateral alar crural graft and eliminated the need for alar rim graft.


Assuntos
Cartilagens Nasais , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cartilagens Nasais/transplante , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Reoperação/métodos , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Nariz/cirurgia
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622021

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, pathological features, and diagnosis and treatment strategies of nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) in infants and young children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on seven cases of NCMH infants and young children admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2015 to January 2022. The cohort included 5 males and 2 females, aged from 6 days to 2 years and 3 months. General information, clinical symptoms, imaging findings, treatment plans, postoperative complications, recurrence and follow-up time were collected, summarized and analyzed. Additionally, immunohistochemical characteristics of the lesion were examined. Results: The clinical symptoms of 7 children included nasal congestion, runny nose, open mouth breathing, snoring during sleep, difficulty feeding, and strabismus. All patients underwent electronic nasopharyngoscopy examination, with 5 cases of tumors located in the right nasal cavity and 2 cases in the left nasal cavity. No case of bilateral nasal cavity disease was found. All 7 patients underwent complete imaging examinations, with 5 patients underwent MRI and CT examinations, 1 patient underwent CT examination only, and 1 patient underwent MRI examination only. The CT results showed that all tumors were broad-based, with uneven density, multiple calcifications and bone remodeling, and some exhibited multiple cystic components. The MRI results showed that the tumor showed low signal on T1 weighted imaging and high or slightly high signal on T2 weighted imaging. All patients were diagnosed through histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry, including 7 cases of Ki-67 and SMA (+), 5 cases of S-100 and Vimentin (+), and all EMA and GFAP were negative. All patients underwent endoscopic resection surgery through the nasal approach, with 3 cases using navigation technology. Five cases of tumors were completely removed, and two cases of tumors were mostly removed. No nasal packing was performed after surgery, and no postoperative nasal, ocular, or intracranial complication occurred in all patients. Follow up assessments conducted 6 to 84 months post-surgery revealed no instances of tumor recurrence in any of the patients. Conclusions: The clinical symptoms of children with NCHM mainly depend on the size and location of the tumor. Nasal endoscopic surgery is the main treatment method. In cases where critical structures like the skull base or orbit are implicated, staged surgical interventions may be warranted. Long-term follow-up is strongly advised to monitor for any potential recurrence or complications.


Assuntos
Hamartoma , Doenças Nasais , Masculino , Lactente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Cartilagens Nasais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Doenças Nasais/diagnóstico , Hamartoma/diagnóstico , Hamartoma/cirurgia , Hamartoma/patologia
5.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; 35(8): 1273-1320, 2024 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441976

RESUMO

Nasal cartilage diseases and injuries are known as significant challenges in reconstructive medicine, affecting a substantial number of individuals worldwide. In recent years, the advent of three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting has emerged as a promising approach for nasal cartilage reconstruction, offering potential breakthroughs in the field of regenerative medicine. This paper provides an overview of the methods and challenges associated with 3D bioprinting technologies in the procedure of reconstructing nasal cartilage tissue. The process of 3D bioprinting entails generating a digital 3D model using biomedical imaging techniques and computer-aided design to integrate both internal and external scaffold features. Then, bioinks which consist of biomaterials, cell types, and bioactive chemicals, are applied to facilitate the precise layer-by-layer bioprinting of tissue-engineered scaffolds. After undergoing in vitro and in vivo experiments, this process results in the development of the physiologically functional integrity of the tissue. The advantages of 3D bioprinting encompass the ability to customize scaffold design, enabling the precise incorporation of pore shape, size, and porosity, as well as the utilization of patient-specific cells to enhance compatibility. However, various challenges should be considered, including the optimization of biomaterials, ensuring adequate cell viability and differentiation, achieving seamless integration with the host tissue, and navigating regulatory attention. Although numerous studies have demonstrated the potential of 3D bioprinting in the rebuilding of such soft tissues, this paper covers various aspects of the bioprinted tissues to provide insights for the future development of repair techniques appropriate for clinical use.


Assuntos
Bioimpressão , Cartilagens Nasais , Impressão Tridimensional , Engenharia Tecidual , Alicerces Teciduais , Humanos , Alicerces Teciduais/química , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Animais
6.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 30(1): 85-89, 20240000. fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1551535

RESUMO

La rinoplastia es una de las intervenciones más comunes en cirugía plástica. Se opera aquí una rinoplastia secundaria por vía abierta injertando los alares y la punta con cartílagos auriculares, mientras el tabique cartilaginoso fue usado para los spreader grafts. Se describe aquí una infección posoperatoria de su punta nasal. Al 9no día de su posoperatorio comienza con la punta nasal congestiva y levemente inflamada. Se medica con una crema con antibióticos, pero el día 14 aparece con la punta nasal muy inflamada y con colección. Cuando en el consultorio el cirujano la ve, como cualquier absceso, decide realizarle drenaje con un trocar 18G, 3 miniincisiones en la piel debajo de la punta nasal, de la que drena un líquido amarronado. Luego con el mismo trocar se realiza un lavado dentro de la cavidad con rifampicina solución. Se medica con trimetoprima-sulfametoxazol (Bactrimforte®) 2 comp/día. Al otro día se observa una notable mejoría. Se continuó con lavado diario durante 4 días con el mismo antibiótico evolucionando rápidamente bien. El Bactrim se lo continúa por 20 días. Al mes la punta nasal está muy bien, deshinchada con cicatrices apenas visibles. A los cuatro meses, la punta está muy blanda, las alas nasales y las narinas normales, la punta con buena proyección igual que el dorso con los spreader graft.


Rhinoplasty is one of the most common interventions in plastic surgery. A secondary open rhinoplasty was carried out grafting the allae and the tip of the nose with conchae cartilage, while the septum was used for spreader grafts. We are here describing this post operatory with a tip of the nose infection.In the control, at the 9th postoperative day, the nasal tip began to be congested and at the 14th post op day the patient showed a clear inflammatory collection. In the office, the surgeon decided to evacuate it with three punctureslike little incisions at the inferior part of the skin tip with a trocar 18G. Through them, drained brownish purulent secretion. With the same trocar, rifampicin solution was injected through these little incisions, like washing the subdermal area. It was medicated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim forte®) 2 tablets/day. The following day, there was a clear improvement in the congestion and erythema of the nose. This procedure of washing was repeated for four days. There was a quick evolution of the inflammatory process and 20 more days, there was no sign of the infection. Four months later, the tip of the nose was soft and the result was considered optimal by the patient and doctors.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Rinoplastia/métodos , Transplantes/cirurgia , Infecções/terapia
7.
J Dent Res ; 103(3): 308-317, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38234039

RESUMO

Neural crest cells (NCC) arise from the dorsal margin of the neural plate border and comprise a unique cell population that migrates to and creates the craniofacial region. Although factors including Shh, Fgf8, and bone morphogenetic proteins have been shown to regulate these biological events, the role of parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (Pth1r) has been less studied. We generated an NCC-specific mouse model for Pth1r and researched gene expression, function, and interaction focusing on nasal cartilage framework and midfacial development. Wnt1-Cre;Pth1rfl/fl;Tomatofl/+ mice had perinatal lethality, but we observed short snout and jaws, tongue protrusion, reduced NCC-derived cranial length, increased mineralization in nasal septum and hyoid bones, and less bone mineralization at interfrontal suture in mutants at E18.5. Importantly, the mutant nasal septum and turbinate cartilage histologically revealed gradual, premature accelerated hypertrophic differentiation. We then studied the underlying molecular mechanisms by performing RNA seq analysis and unexpectedly found that expression of Ihh and related signaling molecules was enhanced in mutant nasomaxillary tissues. To see if Pth1r and Ihh signaling are associated, we generated a Wnt1-Cre; Ihhfl/fl;Pth1rfl/fl;Tomatofl/+ (DKO) mouse and compared the phenotypes to those of each single knockout mouse: Wnt1-Cre; Ihhfl/fl;Pth1rfl/+;Tomatofl/+ (Ihh-CKO) and Wnt1-Cre;Ihhfl/+;Pth1rfl/fl;Tomatofl/+ (Pth1r-CKO). Ihh-CKO mice displayed a milder effect. Of note, the excessive hypertrophic conversion of the nasal cartilage framework observed in Pth1r-CKO was somewhat rescued DKO embryos. Further, a half cAMP responsive element and the 4 similar sequences containing 2 mismatches were identified from the promoter to the first intron in Ihh gene. Gli1-CreERT2;Pth1rfl/fl;Tomatofl/+, a Pth1r-deficient model targeted in hedgehog responsive cells, demonstrated the enlarged hypertrophic layer and significantly more Tomato-positive chondrocytes accumulated in the nasal septum and ethmoidal endochondral ossification. Collectively, the data suggest a relevant Pth1r/Ihh interaction. Our findings obtained from novel mouse models for Pth1r signaling illuminate previously unknown aspects in craniofacial biology and development.


Assuntos
Cartilagens Nasais , Crista Neural , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo , Animais , Camundongos , Diferenciação Celular , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Cartilagens Nasais/metabolismo , Crânio , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo
8.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(1): 56-61, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225842

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of comprehensive rhinoplasty with autogenous costal cartilage grafting and prosthesis augmentation rhinoplasty in the treatment of secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery. Methods: The clinical data of 96 patients with secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery between September 2008 and January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 17 males and 79 females with an average age of 25.6 years (range, 17-38 years). Autogenous costal cartilage grafts were used to construct stable nasal tip framework and enhance the strength of alar cartilage. Nasal dorsum prostheses (39 cases of bulge, 45 cases of silicone prosthesis) or autogenous costal cartilage (12 cases) were used for comprehensive rhinoplasty. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the postoperative satisfaction subjectively, and nasal alar height symmetry index, nasal alar width symmetry index, nasal dorsum central axis deviation angle, and nasal columella deviation angle were calculated to evaluate objectively before and after operation. Results: All patients were followed up 6 months to 8 years, with an average of 13.4 months. Nasal septal hematoma occurred in 3 patients after operation, which was improved after local aspiration and nasal pressure packing. Two cases had mild deformation of the rib cartilage graft of the nasal dorsum, one of which had no obvious deviation of the nasal dorsum and was not given special treatment, and one case underwent the cartilage graft of the nasal dorsum removed and replaced with silicone prosthesis. The incisions of the other patients healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as postoperative infection and prosthesis displacement. The nasal alar height symmetry index, nasal alar width symmetry index, nasal dorsum central axis deviation angle, and nasal columella deviation angle significantly improved after operation when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). Postoperative subjective satisfaction evaluation reached the level of basic satisfaction or above, and most of them were very satisfied. Conclusion: Comprehensive rhinoplasty using autologous rib cartilage grafting to construct a stable nasal tip support, combined with dorsal nasal prosthesis or autologous cartilage implantation, can achieve good effectiveness on secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Rinoplastia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nariz/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Silicones , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; 61(4): 592-598, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604781

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In secondary cleft lip and nasal deformity (CLND) correction, structural grafts are commonly used to control the nasal tip and restore the symmetry of the ala. However, the septal cartilage in Asians often weak and small. Biocompatible absorbable materials are alternatives to autologous grafts. This study assessed the surgical outcomes and complications of poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) plate grafts in secondary CLND correction. METHODS: This study was retrospectively analyzed for patients who underwent secondary rhinoplasty for unilateral CLND correction between March 2015 and November 2020. Using open rhinoplasty, the PLGA plate was grafted as a columellar strut. Clinical photographs taken at the initial (T0) and follow-up visits (T1: short-term, T2: long-term) were analyzed and anthropometric parameters, such as nostril height and width, dome height, and tip height, were measured. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients were included in this study. The mean T1 and T2 periods were 1.0 ± 0.4 and 15.5 ± 3.1 months, respectively. The nostril height ratio increased from 0.78 ± 0.12 at T0 to 0.88 ± 0.08 at T1 and 0.86 ± 0.09 at T2 (p < 0.001; Relapse ratio -2.6 ± 6.7%). The tip height ratio increased from 0.60 ± 0.07 (T0) to 0.66 ± 0.05 (T2) (Relapse ratio -3.7 ± 3.0%). CONCLUSIONS: The PLGA plate graft provided stable nasal tip projection and alar symmetry without major complications. It can be a good option for patients lacking available septal and concha cartilages or apprehensive of additional scarring.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Implantes Dentários , Glicolatos , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glicóis , Cartilagens Nasais/transplante , Resultado do Tratamento , Nariz/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Recidiva
11.
Laryngoscope ; 134(3): 1220-1226, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37676075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analyze age-related changes in histologic features and biochemical properties of human auricular cartilage and two subsites of nasal cartilages (quadrangular cartilage and dorsal septal articulation with upper lateral cartilages). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study of nasal and auricular cartilages from seventy-three (73) live donors. METHODS: Auricular cartilage (AC), quadrangular cartilage (QC), and dorsal septal cartilage articulation (DSA) with the upper lateral cartilage (ULCs) were collected intraoperatively. Histochemical staining was used: Safranin O for glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), Verhoeff's for elastin, and Masson's trichrome for collagen. ImageJ2 software was used to calculate cell count and percent stained for each cartilage type. R studio "ggplot" package was used to visualize age versus cell count or percent stained. RESULTS: Participant ages ranged from 20 to 77 years, average 46.5 years. There was a significant decline in GAGs with age for the DSA subsite, (n = 64, p < 0.001). Significant increase in collagen content with age was observed for DSA subsite (n = 66, p < 0.001) and the QC subsite (n = 64, p < 0.05). There was a statistically insignificant decline in elastin with age (n = 41, p = 0.309) for AC. Cell count declined with age at all cartilage subsites. CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm that there were age-related decreases in cartilage glycosaminoglycan content, and chondrocyte cell count in both auricular and nasal cartilages. We have also confirmed that collagen content increases with age for both auricular and nasal cartilage. The histologic findings while not statistically significant in all comparisons, provides additional evidence that there is some loss of structural integrity and flexibility in nasal and auricular cartilage with aging. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA Laryngoscope, 134:1220-1226, 2024.


Assuntos
Cartilagem da Orelha , Cartilagens Nasais , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Elastina , Septo Nasal/cirurgia
12.
Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med ; 26(1): 9-14, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37115534

RESUMO

Background: In revision rhinoplasty, lateral crural repositioning/reconstruction is considered a complex maneuver. The aim of this study is to measure patient outcomes after lateral crural repositioning/reconstruction in revision rhinoplasty. Methods: In this retrospective case series, patients who underwent revision rhinoplasty with lateral crural repositioning/reconstruction for functional, cosmetic, or combined purposes were reviewed. Preoperative Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey (SCHNOS) scores, functional and cosmetic visual analog scales (VAS-functional [F] and VAS-cosmetic [C]), and lateral wall insufficiency (LWI) grades were compared with their respective postoperative scores. Results: Forty-two patients were identified who underwent lateral crural repositioning. The mean postoperative follow-up for ≤6 months (PO1) and >6 months (PO2) was 3.1 (standard deviation [SD] 1.7) and 11.5 (SD 5.3) months, respectively. At both postoperative periods, significant improvement (p < 0.05) in patient-reported outcomes was observed in mean SCHNOS-Obstruction, SCHNOS-Cosmesis, VAS-F, and VAS-C scores. The postoperative changes in LWI scores (Δ) were significant on both sides at zone 1 at PO1 (p < 0.05) and PO2 (p < 0.05), and at PO2 on the left side (p < 0.05) only, for zone 2. Conclusion: Lateral crural repositioning with reconstruction is an effective maneuver in revision rhinoplasty in a subset of patients and specifically helps to improve nasal tip aesthetics while preserving function.


Assuntos
Rinoplastia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Nariz/cirurgia
13.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 153(1): 193-201, 2024 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37189225

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Management of the unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity is complex because of the underlying significant asymmetry of the lower lateral cartilages and soft tissues of the nasal base. Suturing and grafting techniques may leave the patient with residual asymmetries of the nasal tip and nostrils. Some of this residual asymmetry may be attributable in part to the anchoring effect of the vestibular skin attachments to the lower lateral cartilages. This article discusses the use of lateral crural release, repositioning, and support with lateral crural strut grafts to manage the nasal tip. The technique involves freeing the vestibular skin from the undersurface of the lateral crura and domes and placement of lateral crural strut grafts with or without amputation of the ipsilateral dome and lateral crura to allow precise resuturing to the caudal septal extension graft. This technique is coupled with the use of a caudal septal extension graft to stabilize the nasal base and provide a strong foundation for the repair. Treatment of the nasal base may require skeletal augmentation to aid in creating symmetry of the alar insertions. Costal cartilage is needed in most cases to provide adequate structural support. Nuances in technique are discussed to help maximize outcomes.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Cartilagem Costal , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fenda Labial/complicações , Nariz/cirurgia , Cartilagem/transplante , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia
14.
Facial Plast Surg ; 40(1): 80-85, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37044127

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the effect of estradiol on wound healing in an experimental nasal septal perforation (NSP) model created in rats. Twenty-two Sprague Dawley healthy male rats were separated into two groups. NSP, approximately 2 mm in diameter, was created in each animal. The 0.1 mL 0.12% estradiol (12 g/L) (study group) and 0.1 mL 0.9% saline (9 g/L) (control group) were applied topically once a day for 14 days. The rats were sacrificed on the 14th day and the cartilage nasal septum of each animal was excised for histopathological examination. The nasal mucosal epithelial regeneration and degeneration, acute inflammatory cell count, fibroblast number, vascularization, granulation tissue formation, giant cell number, eosinophil number, degeneration and regeneration of the nasal cartilage, and collagen density were examined. The macroscopic closure rate of the perforations and histopathological parameters were evaluated statistically. In this study, the epithelial regeneration, the fibroblast count, the granulation tissue formation, and the amount of collagen were significantly higher in the study group than in the saline group (p < 0.05). The acute inflammatory activity was lower in the estradiol group than in the saline group (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the closure rate of perforation between the two groups (p = 0.163). No significant difference was found in other comparisons (p > 0.05). The locally administered estradiol may improve wound healing of the nasal septum in an experimental NSP animal model. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Not applicable.


Assuntos
Perfuração do Septo Nasal , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Perfuração do Septo Nasal/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Cicatrização , Modelos Animais , Colágeno , Cartilagens Nasais
15.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 281(4): 1827-1833, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38052758

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nasal vascularization runs above the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). Perichondrium covers the lower and upper lateral cartilages. In this study, nasal vascularization was compared between subperichondrial and supraperichondrial dissection in closed septorhinoplasty. METHODS: 95 patients and 41 volunteers were included in this study. Supraperichondrial dissection was performed in 48 patients and subperichondrial dissection was performed in 47 patients. To measure blood stream, laser doppler flowmetry (LDF) was used and measurements were done preoperatively, on the postoperative first week; 3rd month and first year. RESULTS: The nasal tip and dorsum measurements were similar between the preoperative and postoperative first year in both groups (p = 1.000). However, in the supraperichondrial dissection group, nasal tip measurements showed a significant increase between the preoperative and third postoperative months (p = 0.011). This increase was accompanied by an increase in the minimal blood stream (p = 0.014). CONCLUSION: Both subperichondrial and supraperichondrial dissection techniques are physiological and result in fewer complications with minimal permanent vascular damage. We believe incision plays a critical role but keeping the perichondrium intact is important for short-term angiogenesis, where long-term results showed no difference in vascularization.


Assuntos
Nariz , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Nariz/cirurgia , Rinoplastia/métodos , Dissecação/métodos , Período Pós-Operatório , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia
17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1009109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of comprehensive rhinoplasty with autogenous costal cartilage grafting and prosthesis augmentation rhinoplasty in the treatment of secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 96 patients with secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery between September 2008 and January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 17 males and 79 females with an average age of 25.6 years (range, 17-38 years). Autogenous costal cartilage grafts were used to construct stable nasal tip framework and enhance the strength of alar cartilage. Nasal dorsum prostheses (39 cases of bulge, 45 cases of silicone prosthesis) or autogenous costal cartilage (12 cases) were used for comprehensive rhinoplasty. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the postoperative satisfaction subjectively, and nasal alar height symmetry index, nasal alar width symmetry index, nasal dorsum central axis deviation angle, and nasal columella deviation angle were calculated to evaluate objectively before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 6 months to 8 years, with an average of 13.4 months. Nasal septal hematoma occurred in 3 patients after operation, which was improved after local aspiration and nasal pressure packing. Two cases had mild deformation of the rib cartilage graft of the nasal dorsum, one of which had no obvious deviation of the nasal dorsum and was not given special treatment, and one case underwent the cartilage graft of the nasal dorsum removed and replaced with silicone prosthesis. The incisions of the other patients healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as postoperative infection and prosthesis displacement. The nasal alar height symmetry index, nasal alar width symmetry index, nasal dorsum central axis deviation angle, and nasal columella deviation angle significantly improved after operation when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). Postoperative subjective satisfaction evaluation reached the level of basic satisfaction or above, and most of them were very satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#Comprehensive rhinoplasty using autologous rib cartilage grafting to construct a stable nasal tip support, combined with dorsal nasal prosthesis or autologous cartilage implantation, can achieve good effectiveness on secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery.


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Rinoplastia , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nariz/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Silicones , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(2): 104173, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38101140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adjusting the nasal tip rotation and tip projection according to the patient's face and wishes is a very important stage in rhinoplasty with the use of a cog graft positioning the tip point in the appropriate place is possible by adjusting the nose length, tip projection and tip rotation together. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to facilitate positioning the tip rotation and projection in the appropriate place according to the patient's needs in rhinoplasty with Cog graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cog graft was applied in 32 patients who underwent rhinoplasty. Cog graft was prepared from costal cartilage in 10 patients and from septal cartilage in 22 patients. Cog graft was prepared by shaping the superior edge of the septal extension graft like a gear wheel. It is fixed to provide desired projection to the caudal septum. In the position where rotation and projection are evaluated adequately, the graft is fixed with sutures. They were followed in average 18 months (between 6 and 24 months). RESULTS: Twenty of the patients were primary cases and 12 were revision cases. The targeted rotation and projection results were achieved in all patients. All patients had satisfactory esthetic results. CONCLUSIONS: Cog graft is a useful graft with which we can adjust the nose length, projection and rotation appropriately and in a short time with a single graft.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Costal , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Nariz/cirurgia , Cartilagem/transplante , Cartilagem Costal/transplante , Estética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia
19.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 18948, 2023 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37919340

RESUMO

The present study used microdissection, histology, and microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) with the aims of determining the prevalence and patterns of the depressor septi nasi (DSN) and orbicularis oris (OOr) muscles attached to the footplate of the medial crus (fMC) of the major alar cartilage, focusing on their crossing fibers. The DSN and OOr attached to the fMC of the major alar cartilage were investigated in 76 samples from 38 embalmed Korean adult cadavers (20 males, 18 females; mean age 70 years). The DSN, OOr, or both were attached to the fMC. When the DSN ran unilaterally or was absent, some OOr fibers ascended to attach to the fMC instead of the DSN in 20.6% of the samples. Crossing fibers of the DSN or OOr attached to the fMC were found in 82.4% of the samples. Bilateral and unilateral crossing fibers were found in 32.4% and 50.0%, respectively, and no crossing fibers were found in 17.6%. The DSN and OOr that attached to the fMC could be categorized into six types according to presence of the DSN and the crossing patterns of the DSN and OOr. Anatomical findings of the DSN and OOr that attached to the fMC were confirmed in histology and micro-CT images. These findings offer insights on anatomical mechanisms that may underlie the dynamic pulling forces generated by muscles that attach to the fMCs and on evolutionary variation observed in human facial expressions. They can also provide useful information for guiding rhinoplasty of the nasal tip.


Assuntos
Nariz , Rinoplastia , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Nariz/diagnóstico por imagem , Nariz/cirurgia , Rinoplastia/métodos , Músculos Faciais/fisiologia , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia
20.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 88(1): 107-110, 2023 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37881018

RESUMO

Hair loss is a commonly encountered problem. In this study, hair growth was enhanced by daily oral ingestion of salmon nasal cartilage proteoglycan (PG) in mice. Proteoglycan stimulated vesicular endothelial growth factor production in human follicle dermal papilla cells through insulin growth factor-1 receptor signaling, suggesting the possibility of hair loss improvement by PG ingestion.


Assuntos
Cartilagens Nasais , Proteoglicanas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteoglicanas/farmacologia , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Salmão , Cabelo , Alopecia , Folículo Piloso , Células Cultivadas
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