Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 75.650
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Dent ; 2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955402

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the effects of whitening dentifrices on enamel color, the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets and adhesive remnant index (ARI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty bovine teeth with brackets were randomly divided into four groups (n = 20): control group (GC)-water, test group 1 (GT1)-Colgate Total 12, test group 2 (GT2)-Curaprox Black Is White, and group test 3 (GT3)-Luminous White. All groups were submitted to brushing, simulating 12 months. The specimens were exposed to spectrophotometer color evaluation and to a shear strength test in a universal test machine using a 300 kN load with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The ARI was evaluated with a stereoscopic magnifying glass. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests were used for the color analysis, and Friedman and Nemenyi tests were used to compare the times in the variable. To compare the shear force between the groups, the data were evaluated by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test, and ARI was analyzed using Fisher's exact test, always with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: In the color analysis, GT3 presented the greatest progression in whitening effect. GT1 had greater shear strength than GT3 did (p ≤ 0.05). For ARI, the score 1 was predominant in the GC and GT1. The GT2 and GT3 groups had scores of 3. CONCLUSION: The whitening dentifrices promoted significant color change over the 12-month brushing time and may have interfered in the resistance to shear bond strength and ARI.

2.
Int Endod J ; 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955434

RESUMO

AIM: To study the effects of TGF-ß1 on the plasminogen activation (PA) system of stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAP) and its signaling. METHODOLOGY: SCAP cells were isolated from the apical papilla of immature permanent teeth extracted due to orthodontic reasons. They were exposed to various concentration of TGF-ß1 with/without pretreatment and co-incubation by SB431542 (ALK/Smad2/3 inhibitor), or U0126 (MEK/ERK inhibitor). MTT assay, western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) were used to detect their effects on cell viability, and the protein expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), uPA receptor (uPAR), as well as their secretion. The paired Student's t-test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: TGF-ß1 significantly stimulated PAI-1 and soluble uPAR (suPAR) secretion of SCAP cells (p<0.05), whereas uPA secretion was inhibited. Accordingly, TGF-ß1 induced both PAI-1 and uPAR protein expression of SCAP cells. SB431542 (an ALK5/Smad2/3 inhibitor) pretreatment and co-incubation prevented the TGF-ß1-induced PAI-1 and uPAR of SCAP. U0126 attenuated the TGF-ß1-induced expression/secretion of uPAR, but not PAI-1 in SCAP. SB431542 reversed the TGF-ß1-induced decline of uPA. CONCLUSIONS: TGF-ß1 may affect the repair/regeneration activities of SCAP via differential increase or decrease of PAI-1, uPA nd uPAR. These effects induced by TGF-ß1 are associated with ALK5/Smad2/3, and MEK/ERK activation. Elucidation the signaling pathways and effects of TGF-ß1 is useful for treatment of immature teeth with open apex by revascularization/revitalization procedures and tissue repair/regeneration.

3.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain suffered by the young patient is the most frequent symptom during orthodontic treatment and is the one that most frightens children and causes worry in their families. AIM: To investigate pain perception and function impairment during the first week of activation of two palatal expansion screws. DESIGN: A total of 101 subjects were randomly divided into two groups: RME group included patients treated with the standard hyrax expansion screw and LEAF group included patients treated with Leaf Expander appliance. Pain intensity was assessed via the Wong-Baker scale. A questionnaire on oral function impairments was also compiled by the patients. RESULTS: The Pain Scale analysis showed that patients in the RME group suffered from a significantly higher level of pain than those in the LEAF group (88.6% vs 25%, P < .01). RME group showed highest pain indexes from day 1 to day 4 (51.4% RME vs 9.7% LEAF suffered at least once from strong pain in the first 4 days, P < .01). Furthermore, oral functions were similarly affected in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Pain reported during maxillary arch expansion is influenced by clinical activation protocol and by the screw type. Patients treated with Leaf Expander reported significantly lower pain level in the first 7 days of treatment.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953994

RESUMO

Objective To test the validity and reliability of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ)-Albanian version in Kosovar adolescents and assess gender-based differences of malocclusion on PIDAQ subscales. Methods A sample of 200 adolescents aged 12-15 years were evaluated for orthodontic treatment need by a previous calibrated dental examiner, using the aesthetic component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need-Aesthetic Concern (IOTN-AC) and the dental aesthetic index (DAI). Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, discriminant validity and gender-based impact of malocclusion on psychosocial impact was assessed. Results The Albanian version of the PIDAQ shows satisfactory internal consistency (α ranging from 0.73 to 0.90) with high test-retest reliability (r > 0.83). The discriminant validity revealed that subjects with minor and severe malocclusion according to dichotomous DAI categorization had different PIDAQ scores. No significant gender-based differences were noted on the impact of malocclusion on psychological and social aspect or Dental Self-confidence (DSC); however, significant gender-based difference was noted on the impact of malocclusion on AC. Conclusion The Albanian version of the PIDAQ demonstrated good psychometric properties and applicability to this age group in Kosova.

5.
Med Sci Monit Basic Res ; 26: e920510, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND White spot lesions (WSLs) are a common complication after orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the antimicrobial properties of selenium-containing vs. fluoride-containing orthodontic materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS Antibacterial efficacy of orthodontic materials (SeLECT Defense bonding agent, Adhesive agent, Band Cement, Transbond Plus SEP bonding agent, Transbond Plus Adhesive agent, Fuji I Band cement, Fuji Ortho LC Adhesive agent, Ortho Solo Bonding agent, Transbond XT bonding agent, and Transbond XT primer) was tested with the inhibition of 2 bacterial strains: S. mutans (ATCC 10449) and L. acidophilus (ATCC 4356). The antimicrobial efficacy of the materials was measured by agar diffusion test. The diameters of inhibition zones around each disk were measured in millimeters (mm). RESULTS Materials containing selenium and fluoride showed significant differences from the negative control (both p<0.001). Orthodontic materials containing fluoride as a potential antimicrobial agent showed larger zones of inhibition in total (9.1±2.6 mm), the selenium group was the second-most effective (4.7±4.9 mm), and the group without any potential antimicrobial agent showed the least antimicrobial effect (0.9±1.0 mm). Materials from the group with no antibacterial agent were not significantly different from the negative control group (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Materials containing selenium carried the most significance when comparing microorganisms with the agent, since they were the only ones showing difference between the 2 microorganisms. They showed statistically significant difference in efficacy against S. mutans, and poor antimicrobial effect against L. acidophilus. These data suggest that orthodontic materials containing selenium might have the potential to prevent WSLs due to their antimicrobial properties.

6.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665619899752, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960709

RESUMO

Many orthodontists working on patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) have shown great enthusiasm for presurgical infant orthopedics (PSIO) to improve surgical outcomes with minimal intervention. Even though every clinician aims to use the best treatment modality for their patients, PSIO effects can be confounded by surgical type and timing of the primary repair, as is discussed in many studies. In such cases, one should be cautious when evaluating the particular outcomes for patients with CLP since it is difficult to differentiate the sole effect of an individual surgical or orthodontic intervention. As with any treatment methodology, nasoalveolar molding (NAM) has both benefits and limitations. Commonly cited concerns with NAM, and PSIO in general, include increased cost, increased burden of care, and a negative impact on maxillary growth. However, NAM cannot be deemed as having apparent long-term negative or positive effects on skeletal or soft tissue facial growth, based on previous studies. A review of the literature suggests that NAM does not alter skeletal facial growth when compared with the samples that did not receive PSIO. Nevertheless, the published studies on NAM show evidence of benefits to the patient, caregivers, the surgeon, and society. These benefits include documented reduction in severity of the cleft deformity prior to surgery and as a consequence improved surgical outcomes, reduced burden of care on the care givers, reduction in the need for revision surgery, and consequent reduced overall cost of care to the patient and society.

7.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665619900625, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the incidences of secondary lip and nose operations, otolaryngology procedures, speech-language therapy, neurodevelopmental concerns, and dental and orthodontic issues in children with isolated cleft lip to inform multidisciplinary cleft team protocols. SETTING: An American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association-approved team at a tertiary academic children's hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of patients evaluated through longitudinal clinic visits by a multidisciplinary cleft palate and craniofacial team between January 2000 and June 2018. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Children with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft alveolus (n = 92). RESULTS: Median age at final team visit was 4.9 years (interquartile range: 2.4-8.2 years). Secondary plastic surgery procedures were most common between ages 3 and 5 (135 per 1000 person-years), and the majority of these procedures were minor lip revisions. The rate of tympanostomy tube insertion was highest before age 3 (122 per 1000 person-years). By their final team visit, 88% of patients had normal hearing and 11% had only slight to mild conductive hearing loss. No patients had speech errors attributable to lip abnormalities. Psychological interventions, learning disabilities, and dental or orthodontic concerns were uncommon. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with isolated cleft lip may not require long-term, longitudinal evaluation by cleft team specialists. Cleft teams should develop limited follow-up protocols for these children to improve resource allocation and promote value-based care in this patient population.

8.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 1, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fixed appliances have been the mainstream for orthodontic treatment, while clear aligners, such as Invisalign system, have become increasingly popular. The prevalence of apical root resorption (ARR) in patients with clear aligners is still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the prevalence and severity of ARR in patients treated with clear aligners and fixed appliances using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 373 roots from 70 subjects, with similar baseline characteristics and the ABO discrepancy index scores (i.e., treatment difficulty), were included into two groups: the clear aligners group (Invisalign, Align Technology, California, USA) and fixed appliances group (Victory Series; 3 M Unitek, California, USA). Root length of each anterior tooth was measured on the CBCT images by two blinded investigators. The ARR on each tooth was calculated as the difference of root length before and after orthodontic treatment. Chi-square test and paired t test was used to compare the ARR between the two groups as well as before and after orthodontic treatments. RESULTS: Prevalence of ARR in the clear aligners group (56.30%) was significantly lower than that in the fixed appliances group (82.11%) (P < 0.001). The severity of ARR in the clear aligners group (0.13 ± 0.47 mm) was significantly less than that in the fixed appliances group (1.12 ± 1.34 mm) (P < 0.001). The most severe ARR was found on the maxillary canine (1.53 ± 1.92 mm) and lateral incisor (1.31 ± 1.33 mm) in the fixed appliances group; the least ARR was found on the mandibular canine (- 0.06 ± 0.47 mm) and lateral incisor (0.04 ± 0.48 mm) in the clear aligners group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence and severity of ARR measured on CBCT in patients with clear aligners were less than those in patients with fixed appliances.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Reabsorção da Raiz , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Prevalência
9.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 2, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aims of this cross-sectional study were to investigate the regulatory compliance of Dutch practice websites offering orthodontic services, readability of the available treatment information, website design as well as possible relationship with practice location and professional qualification of practitioners. METHODS: A comprehensive Internet search was performed using the Google search engine and five relevant terms in Dutch. Eligibility screening of the first 50 results of each search led to the final inclusion of 111 websites. The content of the selected websites was evaluated in terms of compliance to international regulations on ethical advertising guidelines (CED), treatment information text readability using Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), and website design using the BDC assessment tool. RESULTS: Reporting of websites according to CED guidelines covered on average 85% of the mandatory items. No significant differences were observed between dental and orthodontic practices, and between practices located in densely and sparsely populated regions (P > 0.05). The mean FRES of the displayed information indicated difficult-to-understand text. BDC scores of multi-location practices were significantly higher than the rest (P < 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: The websites of orthodontic practices in The Netherlands do not fully comply with CED guidelines on ethical advertising. Readability of the displayed information and website technical performance needs to be further optimized.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Ferramenta de Busca , Estudos Transversais , Internet , Países Baixos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Leitura
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944878

RESUMO

Objective: To assess if photobiomodulation (PBM) improves the efficiency of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliance during the alignment stage. Methods: Eighty-nine subjects were included in this trial and randomly assigned for treatment with fixed appliance and PBM group or with fixed appliance only (control group). Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age between 13 and 30 years, (2) permanent dentition, (3) class I malocclusion, (4) lower 6-6 mild crowding measured on dental cast, (5) no spaces or diastema in the lower arch, (6) no ectopic teeth, (7) nonextractive treatment plan, and (8) no previous orthodontic treatment. PBM was administered in the PBM group every 14 days using the ATP38® (Biotech Dental, Allée de Craponne, Salon de Provence, France) (72 J/cm2 of fluency for each session). Dental alignment was assessed by visual inspection, and treatment time was defined in days as T2 (date of assessment of complete dental alignment)-T1 (date of brackets bonding). The number of monthly scheduled appointments was also recorded. All the data underwent statistical analysis for comparison between groups. Results: Treatment time was significantly shorter (p < 0.001) in the PBM group (203 days) compared with the control (260 days). Consequently, control visits (p < 0.001) were lower in the PBM group (7) compared with the control group (9). Conclusions: The present findings would confirm that PBM can be used to enhance the efficiency of orthodontic treatment during dental decrowding.

11.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 101659, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that molecular pathways are involved in human ß-defensin (hBD)-2 mRNA regulation in human gingival epithelial cells stimulated with periodontal bacteria. This clinical and laboratory study evaluated the efficacy of two laser therapies including antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) and photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy as an adjunct to ultrasonic scaling (US) on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of hBD-2 and subgingival Treponema denticola (T. denticola) and Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) spp., in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy and gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment were randomly divided into three groups based on the type of treatment rendered: Group-I: aPDT as an adjunct to US, Group-II: PBM as an adjunct to US and, Group-III: US alone. Full-mouth plaque scores (FMPS), bleeding on probing (FMBOP) and probing depth (PD) were assessed. GCF was collected for estimation of hBD-1 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Plaque samples were used to quantify T. denticola and F. nucleatum spp by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. All clinical and laboratory investigations were carried out at baseline (T0), day 30 (T30) and day 60 (T60). RESULTS: FMPS and FMBOP showed statistically significant reduction in all groups at T30 and T60 from T0. No inter-group differences were observed between any groups at follow-up. Mean PD remained stable for Group-II and Group-III, while Group-I showed progressive reduction at T60. The GCF levels of hBD-2 progressively decreased in Group-I (aPDT) while the levels increased slightly at T60 in Group-III. The levels in Group-II (PBM) remained stable from T30 to T60. Statistically significant reduction was seen for Group-I when compared with Group-II and Group-III at T60 (p = 0.045). A significant reduction was observed for T. denticola in only Group-I patients at T30 (p = 0.031) and T60 (p = 0.047). A significant reduction was seen in both Group-I and Group-II patients at T30 and T60. The number of sites with BOP was correlated with both bacterial species (Table 4). Only T. denticola showed positive correlation to mean BOP after correcting for multiple testing. CONCLUSION: aPDT and PBM showed similar improvement in gingival inflammatory and microbiological parameters compared to US. aPDT assisted in modest reduction of hBD-2 in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment.

12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(2)2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952367

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to examine the biochemical and structural changes occurring in the periodontal ligament (PDL) during orthodontic-force application using micro-Raman spectroscopy ( µ -RS). Adolescent and young patients who needed orthodontic treatment with first premolar extractions were recruited. Before extractions, orthodontic forces were applied using a closed-coil spring that was positioned between the molar and premolar. Patients were randomly divided into three groups, whose extractions were performed after 2, 7, and 14 days of force application. From the extracted premolars, PDL samples were obtained, and a fixation procedure with paraformaldehyde was adopted. Raman spectra were acquired for each PDL sample in the range of 1000-3200 cm - 1 and the more relevant vibrational modes of proteins (Amide I and Amide III bands) and CH 2 and CH 3 modes were shown. Analysis indicated that the protein structure in the PDL samples after different time points of orthodontic-force application was modified. In addition, changes were observed in the CH 2 and CH 3 high wavenumber region due to local hypoxia and mechanical force transduction. The reported results indicated that µ -RS provides a valuable tool for investigating molecular interchain interactions and conformational modifications in periodontal fibers after orthodontic tooth movement, providing quantitative insight of time occurring for PDL molecular readjustment.

13.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665619897469, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is well-established in clinical practice. This study seeks to categorize and quantify the incidental finding (IF) rate on CBCT in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) prior to orthodontic or surgical treatment. METHODS: This is systematic retrospective review of head and neck CBCTs in patients with nonsyndromic CLP taken between 2012 and 2019 at a single tertiary referral center. All assessments were performed independently by 4 observers (a head and neck radiologist and 3 orthodontists, including 2 fellowship-trained cleft-craniofacial orthodontists ). The images were divided into 9 anatomical areas and screened using serial axial slices and 3D reconstructions. The absolute number of IFs was reported for each area and statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Incidental findings were found in 106 (95.5%) of the 111 patients. The most common sites were the maxilla (87.4%, principally dental anomalies), paranasal sinuses (46.8%, principally inflammatory opacification), and inner ear cavities (18.9%, principally inflammatory opacification). Eleven patients had skull malformations. Thirty-three patients had IFs in 1 anatomical area, 49 patients in 2 anatomical areas, 19 patients in 3 areas, and 5 patients presented with IFs in 4 of the 9 anatomical areas. DISCUSSION: In patients with CLP, IFs on CBCT exam were present in the majority of cases. Most patients with IFs had them in multiple anatomical areas of the head and neck. The maxillary dental-alveolar complex was the most common area. Inflammatory changes in the inner ear cavities and paranasal sinuses were also common; however, cervical spine and skull abnormalities were also identified. Clinicians caring for patients with CLP should be aware of IFs, which may warrant further investigation and treatment.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967324

RESUMO

Retention after treatment and effective anchorage control are two essential factors in orthodontics. Our study aimed to explore the effects of fucoidan on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and the involvement of macrophages. We established a murine OTM model to test the effect of fucoidan administration. We found that mice injected with fucoidan had a deceleration in OTM and a higher bone mineral density. Moreover, fucoidan increased the proportion of F4/80+ CD206+ macrophages and promoted the messenger RNA expression of Arg-1, CD206, and IL-10 at both in vivo and in vitro levels. In addition, macrophages showed lower expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 and a decrease in F4/80+ CD11c+ cells. Mechanistically, the level of phosphorylated STAT3 was elevated in unpolarized and restorative macrophages after treatment with fucoidan. Taken together, our findings suggest that fucoidan treatment inhibits OTM and enhances the stability of teeth after movement by promoting restorative macrophages through the STAT3 pathway.

15.
Arch Oral Biol ; 111: 104665, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to systematically-review the effect of statin drugs on orthodontic-tooth-movement (OTM). DESIGN: The focused-question was "Does statin therapy affect OTM?" PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Library, Scopus, EMBASE and Web of Science databases were searched without time and language restrictions using different key words. Studies assessing the effect of adjunctive statin administration on OTM compared with orthodontic treatment alone were included. The search was performed up to and including December 2018. Data regarding the study design/grouping, subjects, age/gender, duration of follow-up, outcome variables and parameters related to OTM and statins administration were evaluated. RESULTS: Nine studies (1 clinical and 8 studies performed in animal-models) were included. Six studies used Simvastatin, whereas three studies used Atorvastatin. Six experimental studies and one clinical study reported reduction in OTM upon statin administration. Two experimental studies reported no effect of statin administration on OTM. In 90 % of the studies, the risk-of-bias was high. CONCLUSION: Based upon the high risk-of-bias and methodological inconsistencies among the included studies, the influence of statin delivery on OTM remains debatable.

16.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 3, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess if there is any difference in pain levels between orthodontic treatment with clear aligners or fixed appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was completed in PubMed, The Cochrane Database, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Google Scholar, Clinical Trials, and OpenGrey databases without any restrictions until February 2019. All comparative study types contrasting pain levels between clear aligners and fixed appliances were included. The risk of bias (RoB) was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, ROBINS-I-Tool, or ROB 2.0 according to the study design. The level of evidence was assessed through the GRADE tool. RESULTS: After removal of duplicates, exclusion by title and abstract, and reading the full text, only seven articles were included. Five were prospective non-randomized clinical trials (CCT), one was a cross-sectional study, and one was a randomized clinical trial (RCT). Two studies presented a high RoB, three a moderate RoB, and two a low RoB (including the RCT). A meta-analysis was not performed because of clinical, statistical, and methodological heterogeneity. Most of the studies found that pain levels in patients treated with Invisalign were lower than those treated with conventional fixed appliances during the first days of treatment. Differences disappeared thereafter. No evidence was identified for other brands of clear aligners. CONCLUSIONS: Based on a moderate level of certainty, orthodontic patients treated with Invisalign appear to feel lower levels of pain than those treated with fixed appliances during the first few days of treatment. Thereafter (up to 3 months), differences were not noted. Malocclusion complexity level among included studies was mild. Pain is one of many considerations and predictability and technical outcome are more important, mainly considering that the difference does not seem to occur after the first months of the orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Dor , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968161

RESUMO

In the medical industry, zwitterionic brushes have received significant attention owing to their antifouling effect that arose from their hydration ability. However, sufficient understanding of the hydration dynamics of zwitterionic brushes is required to fabricate the precisely controlled antifouling medical devices. In this paper, we successfully show that hydration, the interaction between water molecules and zwitterionic brushes, and its dynamics can be evaluated logically and quantitatively using 1) water contact angle, 2) molecular dynamic simulation, and 3) RAMAN spectroscopy. Based on the intuitive results on hydration, we precisely optimized the antifouling property of the model medical device, a removable orthodontic retainer, with various grafting efficiencies of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphate choline (MPC). As a result, the model device reduced nonspecific adsorption of proteins and bacteria, indicating an improved antifouling effect, and also inhibited the formation of biofilm. Furthermore, the device showed excellent physical properties desirable for application in the orthodontic field, meaning the balance between the antibacterial property and mechanical strength.

18.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970784

RESUMO

Mechanical force across sutures is able to promote suture osteogenesis. Orthodontic clinics often use this biological characteristic of sutures to treat congenital cranio-maxillofacial malformations. However, the underlying mechanisms still remain poorly understood. Craniofacial sutures provide a special growth source and support primary sites of osteogenesis. Here, we isolated rat sagittal suture cells (rSAGs), which had mesenchymal stem cell characteristics and differentiating abilities. Cells were then subjected to mechanical tension (5% elongation, 0.5 Hz; sinusoidal waveforms) showing that mechanical tension could enhance osteogenic differentiation but hardly affect proliferation of rSAGs. Besides, mechanical tension could increase Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) expression and enhance transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) nuclear translocation. Inhibiting ROCK expression could suppress tension-induced osteogenesis and block tension-induced upregulation of nuclear TAZ. In addition, our results indicated that TAZ had direct combination sites with runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) in rSAGs, and knock-downed TAZ simultaneously decreased the expression of Runx2 no matter with or without mechanical tension. In summary, our findings demonstrated that the multipotency of rSAGs in vitro could give rise to early osteogenic differentiation under mechanical tension, which was mediated by ROCK-TAZ signal axis.

19.
J Orofac Orthop ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919542

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate and form a comprehensive understanding of the effect of patient age on bone remodeling and consequently on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed and Embase from 1990 to December 2017 was performed and completed by a hand search. Prospective clinical trials which investigated the rate of OTM and/or studies assessing age-related changes in the composition of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in older compared to younger study groups were included. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias were assessed by two authors. RESULTS: Eight studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Among them, four evaluated the rate of OTM and six investigated mediators in the GCF (prostaglandin E2, interleukin [IL]-1ß, IL­6, IL­1 receptor antagonist, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa­Β ligand, osteoprotegerin, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, pentraxin 3). Patient age ranged between 16 and 43 years for older and <16 years for younger groups. In most of the studies, the younger patients showed faster OTM in the first phase of treatment and more pronounced cytokine levels. Older patients had a delayed reaction to orthodontic forces. CONCLUSION: The small number of included studies and large heterogeneity in study design give limited clinical evidence that the older patients are less responsive to orthodontic force in comparison to younger patients. The initial cellular response to orthodontic force is expected to be delayed in older patients. Control intervals during orthodontic treatment should be adjusted to the individual's treatment response.

20.
J Orthod ; : 1465312519891738, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920162

RESUMO

Autotransplantation is a treatment option with high reported survival rates to replace failing teeth in the anterior maxilla. This treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach from orthodontists, paediatric dentists, restorative dentists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons to achieve successful outcomes. Success is dependent on many factors including stage of root development, handling of the periodontal ligament, extra-alveolar time and splinting. This case report presents the novel use of digitally designed and three-dimensional (3D) printed surgical templates to aid intraoperatively and reduce the extra-alveolar time. A preoperative cone-beam computed tomography scan allowed digital planning and construction of surgical templates that replicated the exact root dimensions of impacted maxillary canines. These templates were subsequently 3D printed in resin, sterilised and utilised intraoperatively to aid socket preparation before the surgical autotransplantation.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA