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1.
ACS Nano ; 18(23): 15239-15248, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38807482

RESUMO

Simple magnesium (Mg) salt solutions are widely considered as promising electrolytes for next-generation rechargeable Mg metal batteries (RMBs) owing to the direct Mg2+ storage mechanism. However, the passivation layer formed on Mg metal anodes in these electrolytes is considered the key challenge that limits its applicability. Numerous complex halogenide additives have been introduced to etch away the passivation layer, nevertheless, at the expense of the electrolyte's anodic stability and cathodes' cyclability. To overcome this dilemma, here, we design an electrolyte with a weakly coordinated solvation structure which enables passivation-free Mg deposition while maintaining a high anodic stability and cathodic compatibility. In detail, we successfully introduce a hexa-fluoroisopropyloxy (HFIP-) anion into the solvation structure of Mg2+, the weakly [Mg-HFIP]+ contact ion pair facilitates Mg2+ transportation across interfaces. As a consequence, our electrolyte shows outstanding compatibility with the RMBs. The Mg||PDI-EDA and Mg||Mo6S8 full cells use this electrolyte demonstrating a decent capacity retention of ∼80% over 400 cycles and 500 cycles, respectively. This represents a leap in cyclability over simple electrolytes in RMBs while the rest can barely cycle. This work offers an electrolyte system compatible with RMBs and brings deeper understanding of modifying the solvation structure toward practical electrolytes.

2.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731428

RESUMO

A study on the functionalisation of 2-mercapto-5-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole has been conducted, yielding two series of products: 2-(ω-haloalkylthio)thiadiazoles and symmetrical bis-thiadiazoles, with variable chain lengths. The experimental conditions were optimised for each class of compounds by altering the base used and the reagents' proportions, leading to the development of separate protocols tailored to their specific reactivity and purification needs. The target halogenide reagents and bis-thiadiazole ligands were obtained either as single products or as mixtures easily separable by chromatography. Characterisation of the products was performed using 1D and 2D NMR spectra in solution, complemented by single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) for selected samples, to elucidate their structural properties.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 53(4): 1482-1491, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38131298

RESUMO

A series of monocapped cobalt(II) tris-pyrazoloximates was obtained through the template condensation of the corresponding pyrazoloxime, phenylboronic acid and a suitable cobalt(II) halogenide. Comparing 3-acetylpyrazoloxime versus its methine-containing homolog, the former produced cobalt(II) clathrochelates in substantially higher yields due to the electron donating effect of the methyl substituent, increasing the N-donor ability of its oxime group. Their less N-donor analog with the electron acceptor trifluoromethyl group did not form cobalt(II) complexes of this type. In all their solvent-free and solvent-containing crystals, the encapsulated cobalt(II) ion adopted a high-spin state, as gauged by the Co-N bond lengths of 2.112(4)-2.188(9) Å, and was located almost in the center of its CoN6-coordination polyhedron. Their CoN6-polyhedra had an almost ideal trigonal-prismatic (TP) geometry with distortion angles φ below 4°. This TP-like geometry was assisted by hydrogen bonding between their NH groups and the apical counterion. The absence of methyl groups makes them close to an ideal TP. In contrast, stronger N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds occurred in the methyl-containing complex, while the Co-N bond lengths stayed the same at 2.144(2) Å on average. In its solvates with benzene, chloroform and acetone, there is a clear tendency for φ to decrease from 2.7(3)° to 0.47(13)°. The comparable effects of the ribbed methyl substituents, the cross-linking counterion and the lattice solvent on their molecular geometry were observed; the larger the distortions from an ideal TP geometry, the stronger the hydrogen bonds to the corresponding apical halogenide anion. The analysis of the experimental AC- and DC-magnetometry data for their fine-crystalline samples suggests that the passing from the derivative of the methyl-substituted synthon to that of its methine-containing homolog caused a substantial decrease in the magnetic susceptibility value χT and an increase in the QTM contribution to the magnetic relaxation. The effect of a cross-linking halogenide counteranion on the Orbach remagnetization barrier is greater than that of the solvatomorphism of their crystals.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(23)2023 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38067887

RESUMO

Infrared radiation thermometers (IRTs) overcome many of the limitations of thermocouples, particularly responsiveness and calibration drift. The main challenge with radiation thermometry is the fast and reliable measurement of temperatures close to room temperature. A new IRT which is sensitive to wavelengths between 3 µm and 11 µm was developed and tested in a laboratory setting. It is based on an uncooled indium arsenide antimony (InAsSb) photodiode, a transimpedance amplifier, and a silver halogenide fibre optic cable transmissive in the mid- to long-wave infrared region. The prototype IRT was capable of measuring temperatures between 35 °C and 100 °C at an integration time of 5 ms and a temperature range between 40 °C and 100 °C at an integration time of 1 ms, with a root mean square (RMS) noise level of less than 0.5 °C. The thermometer was calibrated against Planck's law using a five-point calibration, leading to a measurement uncertainty within ±1.5 °C over the aforementioned temperature range. The thermometer was tested against a thermocouple during drilling operations of polyether ether ketone (PEEK) plastic to measure the temperature of the drill bit during the material removal process. Future versions of the thermometer are intended to be used as a thermocouple replacement in high-speed, near-ambient temperature measurement applications, such as electric motor condition monitoring; battery protection; and machining of polymers and composite materials, such as carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP).

5.
Molecules ; 28(12)2023 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37375406

RESUMO

Human malignant melanoma cells from lymph node metastatic site (MeWo) were selected for testing several synthesized and purified silver(I) and gold(I) complexes stabilized by unsymmetrically substituted N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands, called L20 (N-methyl, N'-[2-hydroxy ethylphenyl]imidazol-2-ylide) and M1 (4,5-dichloro, N-methyl, N'-[2-hydroxy ethylphenyl]imidazol-2-ylide), having halogenide (Cl- or I-) or aminoacyl (Gly=N-(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)glycinate or Phe=(S)-N-(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)phenylalaninate) counterion. For AgL20, AuL20, AgM1 and AuM1, the Half-Maximal Inhibitory Concentration (IC50) values were measured, and all complexes seemed to reduce cell viability more effectively than Cisplatin, selected as control. The complex named AuM1 was the most active just after 8 h of treatment at 5 µM, identified as effective growth inhibition concentration. AuM1 also showed a linear dose and time-dependent effect. Moreover, AuM1 and AgM1 modified the phosphorylation levels of proteins associated with DNA lesions (H2AX) and cell cycle progression (ERK). Further screening of complex aminoacyl derivatives indicated that the most powerful were those indicated with the acronyms: GlyAg, PheAg, AgL20Gly, AgM1Gly, AuM1Gly, AgL20Phe, AgM1Phe, AuM1Phe. Indeed, the presence of Boc-Glycine (Gly) and Boc-L-Phenylalanine (Phe) showed an improved efficacy of Ag main complexes, as well as that of AuM1 derivatives. Selectivity was further checked on a non-cancerous cell line, a spontaneously transformed aneuploid immortal keratinocyte from adult human skin (HaCaT). In such a case, AuM1 and PheAg complexes resulted as the most selective allowing HaCaT viability at 70 and 40%, respectively, after 48 h of treatment at 5 µM. The same complexes tested on 3D MeWo static culture induced partial spheroid disaggregation after 24 h of culture, with almost half of the cells dead.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Complexos de Coordenação , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Melanoma , Humanos , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Estrutura Molecular , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Metano/química , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
6.
RSC Adv ; 13(21): 14370-14378, 2023 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37180021

RESUMO

All-inorganic lead perovskite quantum dots (QDs), due to their distinctive optical properties, have become one of the "hottest" topics in materials science; therefore, the development of new QD synthesis methods or their emission color adjustment is of great interest. Within this study, we present the simple preparation of QDs employing a novel ultrasound-induced hot-injection method, which significantly reduces the QD synthesis time from several hours to merely 15-20 minutes. Moreover, the post-synthesis treatment of perovskite QDs in solutions using zinc halogenide complexes could increase the QD emission intensity and, at the same time, boost their quantum efficiency. This behavior is due to the zinc halogenide complex's ability to remove or significantly reduce the number of surface electron traps in perovskite QDs. Finally, the experiment that shows the ability to instantly adjust the desired emission color of perovskite QDs by variation of the amount of added zinc halogenide complex is presented. The instantly obtained perovskite QD colors cover virtually the full range of the visible spectrum. The zinc halogenide modified perovskite QDs exhibit up to 10-15% higher QEs than those prepared by an individual synthesis.

7.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(2)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678067

RESUMO

This review discusses the phemenology of filling, the investigation of kinetics, and the electronic properties for applications of filled single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and summarizes five main achievements that were obtained in processing the spectroscopic data of SWCNTs filled with metal halogenide, metal chalcogenide, metal and metallocenes. First, the methods of processing kinetic data were developed to reveal precise trends in growth rates and activation energies of the growth of SWCNTs. Second, the metal-dependence of kinetics was revealed. Third, metallicity-sorted (metallic and semiconducting) SWCNTs were filled with a range of substances and the electronic properties were investigated. Fourth, new approaches to processing the data of spectroscopic investigations of filled SWCNTs were developed, which allowed more reliable and precise analysis of the experimental results. Fifth, the correlation between the physical and chemical properties of encapsulated substances and the electronic properties of SWCNTs were elucidated. These points are highlighted in the review.

8.
Comput Biol Chem ; 101: 107775, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36240523

RESUMO

Structural variation and different bioactivity of ionic liquids (ILs) make them highly promising for the development of novel biocides. Application of computational methods to the evaluation of potential antibacterial activity of chemical compounds is a useful, time- and cost-saving tool replacing numerous experimental syntheses. In the present study, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) modeling is applied to develop models (based on more than 800 data points) aiming to predict the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ILs against three types of human pathogens - Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The random forest model with the AlvaDesc descriptors in general demonstrates the best performance for all the three types of bacteria and is suggested as a final model. To interpret the final model and determine the most significant descriptors, a SHapley Additive exPlanation (SHAP) method was applied. Six amino acid ILs, which were synthesized for the first time, and five halogenide ionic liquids purchased, all based on 1-alkyl-3methylimidozolium cations with different alkyl chain lengths, C10, C12 and C14, are tested in vitro and used to validate the developed QSAR models. The data sets and developed model are available free of charge at http://ochem.eu/article/147386.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Humanos , Líquidos Iônicos/farmacologia , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Aprendizado de Máquina , Escherichia coli
9.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 78(Pt 2): 114-119, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35145735

RESUMO

Two salts of 4-[(benzyl-amino)-carbon-yl]-1-methyl-pyridinium (Am) with chloride (C14H15N2O+·Cl-) and bromide (C14H15N2O+·Br-) anions were studied and compared with the iodide salt. AmCl crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group P21/n while AmBr and AmI form crystals in the Sohncke space group P212121. Crystals of AmBr are isostructural to those of AmI. The cation and anion are bound by an N-H⋯Hal hydrogen bond. Hirshfeld surface analysis was used to compare different types of inter-molecular inter-actions in the three structures under study.

10.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 13(1)2022 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36616090

RESUMO

Here, we present a review of the major achievements in kinetics, electronic properties, and engineering in the Fermi level of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Firstly, the kinetics of metal-filled SWCNTs were revealed with precision over several minutes. Secondly, the growth rates of nanotubes were calculated. Thirdly, the activation energies of nanotubes were measured. Fourthly, the methods of the quantitative analysis of the doping level were developed. Indeed, only qualitative analysis has been previously performed. The quantitative analysis allowed us to obtain quantitative data on charge transfer. Fifthly, the correlation between the physical properties, chemical properties, electronic properties of SWCNTs was elucidated.

11.
Cryst Growth Des ; 21(11): 6044-6050, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759783

RESUMO

Four halopyridinium salts, 3-chloro- and 3-bromopyridinium chlorides and bromides, have been successfully cocrystallized with two ditopic perfluorinated iodobenzenes, 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene and 1,2-diiodotetrafluorobenzene. These halogen bond donor molecules were chosen because the different positionings of halogen bond donor atoms can lead to different supramolecular architectures. In this work, we present insight into the halogen bond acceptor potential of chloride and bromide ions, as well as the halogen bond donor potential of chlorine and bromine atoms substituted on the pyridinium ring when combined with the expectedly very strong hydrogen bonds between halopyridinium ions and free halogenide anions. A series of eight cocrystals were obtained in which three pairs of isostructural cocrystals were formed. Dominant interactions in the obtained cocrystals were charge-assisted hydrogen bonds between halopyridinium cations and halogenide ions as well as halogen bonds between halogen atoms on the pyridinium ring and halogenide ions.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(28): 15319-15328, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254093

RESUMO

Inspired by the recent successful growth of Ti2C and Ti3C2 monolayers, here, we investigate the structural, electronic, and mechanical properties of functionalized Ti2C and Ti3C2 monolayers by means of density functional theory calculations. The results reveal that monolayers of Ti2C and Ti3C2 are dynamically stable metals. Phonon band dispersion calculations demonstrate that two-surface functionalization of Ti2C and Ti3C2via chalcogenides (S, Se, and Te), halides (F, Cl, Br, and I), and oxygen atoms results in dynamically stable novel functionalized monolayer materials. Electronic band dispersions and density of states calculations reveal that all functionalized monolayer structures preserve the metallic nature of both Ti2C and Ti3C2 except Ti2C-O2, which possesses the behavior of an indirect semiconductor via full-surface oxygen passivation. In addition, it is shown that although halide passivated Ti3C2 structures are still metallic, there exist multiple Dirac-like cones around the Fermi energy level, which indicates that semi-metallic behavior can be obtained upon external effects by tuning the energy of the Dirac cones. In addition, the computed linear-elastic parameters prove that functionalization is a powerful tool in tuning the mechanical properties of stiff monolayers of bare Ti2C and Ti3C2. Our study discloses that the electronic and structural properties of Ti2C and Ti3C2 MXene monolayers are suitable for surface modification, which is highly desirable for material property engineering and device integration.

13.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203941

RESUMO

Geometrical cis- and trans- isomers of 2-chloro-, 2-bromo- and 2-fluoro-4-methyl-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-2-thiones were obtained in a diastereoselective way by (a) sulfurization of corresponding cyclic PIII-halogenides, (b) reaction of cyclic phosphorothioic acids with phosphorus pentachloride and (c) halogen-halogen exchange at PIV-halogenide. Their conformation and configuration at the C4-ring carbon and phosphorus stereocentres were studied by NMR (1H, 31P) methods, X-ray analysis and density functional (DFT) calculations. The stereochemistry of displacement reactions (alkaline hydrolysis, methanolysis, aminolysis) at phosphorus and its mechanism were shown to depend on the nature of halogen. Cyclic cis- and trans-isomers of chlorides and bromides react with nucleophiles (HO-, CH3O-, Me2NH) with inversion of configuration at phosphorus. DFT calculations provided evidence that alkaline hydrolysis of cyclic thiophosphoryl chlorides proceeds according to the SN2-P mechanism with a single transition state according to the potential energy surface (PES) observed. The alkaline hydrolysis reaction of cis- and trans-fluorides afforded the same mixture of the corresponding cyclic thiophosphoric acids with the thermodynamically more stable major product. Similar DFT calculations revealed that substitution at phosphorus in fluorides proceeds stepwise according to the A-E mechanism with formation of a pentacoordinate intermediate since a PES with two transition states was observed.

14.
Chem Rec ; 21(9): 2290-2305, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728812

RESUMO

Organic electrosynthesis has gained increasing research interest as it harvests electric current as redox regents, thereby providing a sustainable alternative to conventional approaches. Compared with direct electrosynthesis, indirect electrosynthesis employs mediator(s) to lower the overpotentials for substrate activation, and enhance the reaction efficiency and functional group compatibility by shifting the heterogenous electron transfer process to be homogenous. As one of the most versatile and cost-efficient mediators, halogen mediators are always combined with an irreversible halogenation reaction. Thus, the electrochemical reaction between halogen mediators and substrates doesn't directly controlled by the two standard potentials difference. In this account, our recent developments in the area of halogen-mediated indirect electrosynthesis are summarized. The anodically generated halogen species from halogenide salts have the abilities to undergo electron-transfer (ET) or hydrogen-atom- transfer (HAT) processes. The reaction features, scopes, limitations, and mechanistic rationalisations are discussed in this account. We hope our studies will contribute to the future developments to broaden the scope of halogen-mediated electrosynthesis.

15.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(21)2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578406

RESUMO

Pressure can profoundly change the electronic structure, leading to the formation of new phases and materials with exotic properties. Herein, using evolutionary algorithms and density functional theory, we systematically investigate the behaviour of materials in the yttrium-chlorine binary system under pressure. Electrons are found to be spatially confined at low pressures in yttrium chlorides and tend to form new electrides. In particular, a novel yttrium chloride, Y3Cl2, is predicted to be thermodynamically and lattice dynamically stable at approximately 10 GPa. Further analyses of the electron localization function and partial charge density identify trigonal Y3Cl2as a new 2D high-pressure electride with partially localized electrons contributing to the conduction. By further increasing the pressure, electrons in the yttrium-chlorine binary system tend to delocalize with the electrides decomposing into two new compounds (Y2Cl and YCl2) and a new YCl phase (space groupP63/mmc) above 20 GPa. These newly discovered phases are all metallic in their stable pressure range according to band structure simulations without interstitial electron localization. The discovery of these unconventional yttrium chlorides may inspire strategies to search for low-pressure electrides in other rare-earth halogenide systems.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(31): 17713-17724, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728676

RESUMO

Electronic structure, collision-induced dissociation (CID) and bond properties of closo-[B6X6]2- (X = Cl-I) are investigated in direct comparison with their closo-[B12X12]2- analogues. Photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) and theoretical investigations reveal that [B6X6]2- dianions are electronically significantly less stable than the corresponding [B12X12]2- species. Although [B6Cl6]2- is slightly electronically unstable, [B6Br6]2- and [B6I6]2- are intrinsically stable dianions. Consistent with the trend in the electron detachment energy, loss of an electron (e- loss) is observed in CID of [B6X6]2- (X = Cl, Br) but not for [B6I6]2-. Halogenide loss (X- loss) is common for [B6X6]2- (X = Br, I) and [B12X12]2- (X = Cl, Br, I). Meanwhile, X˙ loss is only observed for [B12X12]2- (X = Br, I) species. The calculated reaction enthalpies of the three competing dissociation pathways (e-, X- and X˙ loss) indicated a strong influence of kinetic factors on the observed fragmentation patterns. The repulsive Coulomb barrier (RCB) determines the transition state for the e- and X- losses. A significantly lower RCB for X- loss than for e- loss was found in both experimental and theoretical investigations and can be rationalized by the recently introduced concept of electrophilic anions. The positive reaction enthalpies for X- losses are significantly lower for [B6X6]2- than for [B12X12]2-, while enthalpies for X˙ losses are higher. These observations are consistent with a difference in bond character of the B-X bonds in [B6X6]2- and [B12X12]2-. A complementary bonding analysis using QTAIM, NPA and ELI-D based methods suggests that B-X bonds in [B12X12]2- have a stronger covalent character than in [B6X6]2-, in which X has a stronger halide character.

17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(28): 5315-5333, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638806

RESUMO

In general, halogenide anions are anodically oxidized into active species, which can be elemental halogen, halogen cations, or halogen radicals. These species subsequently react with substrates, such as olefins, ketones, or amines, to generate halogenated products. We review the mechanisms of these reactions.

18.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(15)2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370218

RESUMO

Poisson's ratio (ν) defines a material's propensity to laterally expand upon compression, or laterally shrink upon tension for non-auxetic materials. This fundamental metric has traditionally, in some fields, been assumed to be a material-independent constant, but it is clear that it varies with composition across glasses, ceramics, metals, and polymers. The intrinsically elastic metric has also been suggested to control a range of properties, even beyond the linear-elastic regime. Notably, metallic glasses show a striking brittle-to-ductile (BTD) transition for ν-values above ~0.32. The BTD transition has also been suggested to be valid for oxide glasses, but, unfortunately, direct prediction of Poisson's ratio from chemical composition remains challenging. With the long-term goal to discover such high-ν oxide glasses, we here revisit whether previously proposed relationships between Poisson's ratio and liquid fragility (m) and atomic packing density (Cg) hold for oxide glasses, since this would enable m and Cg to be used as surrogates for ν. To do so, we have performed an extensive literature review and synthesized new oxide glasses within the zinc borate and aluminoborate families that are found to exhibit high Poisson's ratio values up to ~0.34. We are not able to unequivocally confirm the universality of the Novikov-Sokolov correlation between ν and m and that between ν and Cg for oxide glass-formers, nor for the organic, ionic, chalcogenide, halogenide, or metallic glasses. Despite significant scatter, we do, however, observe an overall increase in ν with increasing m and Cg, but it is clear that additional structural details besides m or Cg are needed to predict and understand the composition dependence of Poisson's ratio. Finally, we also infer from literature data that, in addition to high ν, high Young's modulus is also needed to obtain glasses with high fracture toughness.

19.
Chempluschem ; 84(11): 1730-1738, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943882

RESUMO

A physico-chemical elucidation of the first photographic technology that allowed manifold reproduction is presented. An etched daguerreotype manufactured around 1840 in Vienna, preserved by the Technisches Museum Wien, served as a case study. Surface analysis showed that the photographic process involved the formation of colloidal Ag nanoparticles with sizes of 30-120 nm with shell layers consisting of Ag2 O, Ag2 S, and some AgCl. This breakthrough photographic technique provided a hitherto unachieved high sensitivity because of various halogenide mixtures without the use of Hg. The image development consisted of the reduction of the Ag halides by H2 SO3 created by the hydrolysis of S2 Cl2 leading to the formation of Ag nanoparticles adjacent to the Ag nuclei of the latent image. The fixing of the image was performed either by KCN or by Na2 S2 O3 . The investigated plate exhibits etched areas with Ag2 O conversion layers and no Cl or S. The gum arabic use for etching preferentially wetted the exposed Ag nanoparticle regions so that unexposed areas could be etched by HNO3 .

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(22): 6568-6575, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380870

RESUMO

Herein, a unique class of post-phosphorene materials, namely, phosphorene halogenides (e.g., α-P3Cl2) with superior oxidation resistance and desirable bandgap characteristics, are proposed. Our first-principles computations show that monolayer α-P3Cl2 is a direct semiconductor with a wide bandgap of 2.41 eV (HSE06) or 4.02 eV (G0W0), while the bandgap exhibits only slight reduction with increasing number of layers. The monolayer α-P3Cl2 also possesses highly anisotropic carrier mobility, with both ultrahigh electron mobility (56 890 cm2 V-1 s-1) and hole mobility (26 450 cm2 V-1 s-1). Meanwhile, the outstanding optical properties and favorable band alignment of 2D P3Cl2 suggest its potential as a photocatalyst for visible-light water splitting. 2D α-P3X2 (X = F, Br, I) also exhibit good oxidation resistance and possess wide direct bandgaps ranging from 2.16 to 2.43 eV (HSE06). These unique electronic and optical properties render 2D phosphorene halogenide as promising functional materials for broad applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices.

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