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1.
Eur J Orthod ; 46(3)2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The biomechanics in achieving molar distalization may differ between fixed appliances and clear aligners in the control of tooth movement. The objective of this study was to compare the treatment effects between clear aligners (CA) and fixed appliances (FA) in patients treated with miniscrew-assisted molar distalization. METHODS: The sample consisted of 46 subjects with mild-to-moderate crowding. A total of 22 patients treated with clear aligners (age, 25.66 ±â€…6.11 years old) and 24 patients treated with fixed appliances (age, 24.04 ±â€…4.95 years old) for miniscrew-assisted molar distalization were included in this study. The dental and skeletal changes were evaluated by the pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalograms. RESULTS: Significant changes were found with the vertical variables SN-OP angle (2.24 ±â€…3.22°, P < .05) and SN-MP angle (0.73 ±â€…1.15°, P < .05) for the FA group when compared with the CA group (SN-OP angle 0.41 ±â€…2.26° and SN-MP angle -0.21 ±â€…1.38°, P > .05). Both treatment groups achieved a 2-3 mm. molar distalization with significant intrusion of the upper molars. The CA group showed significantly less distal tipping of molars (U6^PP angle -2.29 ±â€…3.29° and L6^MP angle -2.92 ±â€…2.49°, P < .05) compared to the FA group (-5.24 ±â€…4.28° and -5.53 ±â€…5.03°, P < .05). In addition, significant retraction and lingual inclination of the upper and lower incisors were found in both groups. LIMITATIONS: The changes of tooth position were evaluated by 2D lateral cephalograms, not 3D measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to fixed appliances, clear aligners seemed to have better control of vertical dimension and distal tipping of molars in patients treated with miniscrew-assisted molar distalization.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Cefalometria , Dente Molar , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/instrumentação , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Maxila , Mandíbula , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Incisivo , Dimensão Vertical
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e039, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747826

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the convergence between the domains of the Autoquestionnaire Qualité de Vie Enfant image (AUQUEI) and the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) in the mixed dentition. A sample of 676 children aged 8 to 10 years responded to the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) questionnaires using the AUQUEI and the CPQ8-10, respectively. Clinical (dental caries and malocclusion) and socioeconomic variables were assessed. The validity of convergence between scores (total and per domain) of the two instruments was assessed by Spearman correlation analysis, considering that non-zero coefficient values represented a correlation between scores. The median was calculated to compare the scores of each questionnaire relative to the variables, and the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was applied to determine statistically significant differences between the categories. A weak significant correlation (between 0.30 and 0.50) was observed between the domains and the total scores of instruments (p < 0.05), except for the leisure domain (p > 0.05). Participants with a lower family income had worse HRQoL (p < 0.05), and those with caries and malocclusion experience had worse OHRQoL (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the AUQUEI and CPQ8-10 instruments showed a weak correlation. Income and clinical variables had a negative impact on the AUQUEI and CPQ8-10, respectively.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentição Mista , Má Oclusão , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Humanos , Criança , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Transversais , Valores de Referência
3.
Orthod Fr ; 95(1): 35-44, 2024 05 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699910

RESUMO

Introduction: The subject of this article is the discovery of dento-dental disharmony (DDD) at the end of treatment. Lack of diagnosis is the source of this type of disappointment. Material and Method: The diagnosis of DDD is not easily accessible on clinical examination and the compensations it generates mask it, especially if it is associated with other dysmorphoses. The use of indices, the best-known of which is Bolton's, enables diagnosis with the setup, a pre-treatment model which also has many other prognostic interests. Results: Once DDD has been considered, it can be resolved by adapting dental volumes, either by subtraction or addition. Conclusion: Advances in computerized diagnosis with artificial intelligence are opening up new avenues for the systematic diagnosis of DDD.


Introduction: L'objectif de cet article est de présenter, à l'issue de la découverte d'une dysharmonie dento-dentaire (DDD) en fin de traitement orthodontique, les modalités de sa prise en charge. Le défaut de diagnostic initial est la source de ce type de déconvenue. Matériel et méthode: Le diagnostic de la DDD n'est pas facilement accessible à l'examen clinique, les compensations qu'elle génère la masquent, surtout si elle est associée à d'autres dysmorphoses. L'utilisation d'indices, dont le plus connu est celui de Bolton, permet le diagnostic avec le setup, maquette de prétraitement qui a aussi beaucoup d'autres intérêts pronostiques. Résultats: Une fois prise en compte, la DDD trouve sa solution par l'adaptation des volumes dentaires soit par soustraction amélaire soit par addition. Conclusion: Les avancées du diagnostic informatisé avec l'intelligence artificielle ouvrent des portes pour intégrer le diagnostic systématique de la DDD.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico , Inteligência Artificial
4.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 25: 1, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699965

RESUMO

AIM: Patients at development age show considerable attention to the shape of the face from both an aesthetic and relational point of view, to arouse interest from researchers. There are few studies related to profile analysis in patients of developmental age. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to analyse the importance of the aesthetic perception of the patient in development age in relation to the profile, before and after interceptive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS: A sample of 25 patients who came to our observation for dentoskeletal malocclusions was considered. A questionnaire was proposed to each patient, before and after the interceptive orthodontic treatment (T0 and T1), to evaluate the aesthetic perception before and after the orthodontic treatment and its psychosocial impact. Profile analysis was performed using photographic documentation (at T0 and T1). The variables considered were the Ricketts line, the facial convexity angle, the nasolabial angle, and the labiomental angle. CONCLUSION: Interceptive orthodontic treatment has proven to be of valid clinical and psychological help. This result is confirmed by the complete aesthetic satisfaction of the patient in the frontal and latero-lateral planes.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Má Oclusão , Ortodontia Interceptora , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Masculino , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Face/anatomia & histologia
5.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 103(2): 61-70, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prevention of the development of pronounced skeletal abnormalities in patients with mesial occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biometric analysis of control and diagnostic models of dentition was performed in 60 patients with dental anomalies before and after treatment in 3 mutually perpendicular planes to identify violations in the formation of dental arches by sagittal and transversal dimensions, and alveolar processes - by vertical dimensions (methods of A. Pont, G. Korkhaus). Measurements of 23 parameters of TRG and sections of CBCT were carried out using the modified Nad-Ars technique with analysis of skeletal parameters before and after treatment. Treatment was carried out using dilators for the upper jaw in combination with a facial mask and further dynamic observation using active retention devices. RESULTS: The results of treatment showed an increase in the length of the anterior segment of the upper dental arch by 2.8±0.55 mm (p<0.05 mm); expansion in the area of temporary molars by 2.85±0.65 mm (p<0.05); in the area of permanent molars by 2.75±0.55 mm (p<0.05); in the area of the apical basis of HF by 3.82±0.45 mm (p<0.05). The length of the lower dental arch in the anterior segment has not changed. Analysis of TRG parameters showed a significant increase in the values of

Assuntos
Arco Dental , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Arco Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão/terapia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Parafusos Ósseos , Oclusão Dentária , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/instrumentação , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/métodos , Adolescente , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos
6.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e079571, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626960

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Class II malocclusion with mandibular retrognathia is a common complication of paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), often accompanied by transverse maxillary deficiency. In early orthodontic treatment, a twin block (TB) is a regular functional appliance for correcting this malocclusion. For paediatric OSA, the most common risk factor is adenotonsillar hypertrophy (AHT). Untreated AHT may lead to the persistence and worsening of obstructive sleep-disordered breathing traits, including habitual mouth breathing. Additionally, the clockwise mandibular rotation associated with AHT-induced pharyngeal crowding can undermine the effectiveness and stability of TB treatment. Adenotonsillectomy (T&A) is currently the first-line treatment for paediatric OSA. This proposed trial will investigate the impact of T&A surgery timing on the efficacy and stability of TB functional treatment in children with class II mandibular retrognathia and ATH. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This will be a single-centre, parallel-group, superiority randomised controlled trial with participants randomised to intervention (T&A followed by TB treatment) or control arms (TB treatment followed by T&A) in a 1:1 ratio. A total of 40 patients aged 8-14 years, diagnosed with class II mandibular retrognathia and co-existing ATH-induced OSA, and indicated for both T&A surgery and TB treatment, will be recruited at the School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University. The primary outcomes will be the changes in the apnoea-hypopnoea index and the point A-nasion-point B angle from baseline to postorthodontic treatment between the two groups. Secondary outcomes will include other dental, skeletal, upper airway and soft tissue changes, as well as subjective sleep-related and oral-related quality of life. Outcome changes within each group and between groups will be analysed. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study is approved by the Ethics Committee of the School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University (no. 2022-D07). The research findings will be faithfully disseminated through scientific conferences or published articles. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2200061703 (https://www.chictr.org.cn).


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Retrognatismo , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Criança , Retrognatismo/diagnóstico , Retrognatismo/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Adenoidectomia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/cirurgia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Má Oclusão/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
7.
Angle Orthod ; 94(3): 286-293, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dentoskeletal effects and effectiveness of the eruption guidance appliance in Class III patients in the mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experimental group comprised 22 patients with Class III malocclusion and anterior cross-bite (12 males, 10 females, mean age 7.63 ± 0.96 years) treated with the eruption guidance appliance over a mean period of 1.72 ± 0.48 years. The control group comprised 22 untreated subjects (12 males, 10 females, mean age 7.21 ± 0.60 years) with Class III malocclusion. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained at pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2). Intergroup comparisons were performed with Mann-Whitney and t-tests (P < .05). RESULTS: In the experimental and control groups, the anteroposterior relationship between the maxilla and mandible (ANB angle) remained stable during the treatment period (T1 to T2). The mandibular plane angle decreased in the experimental group and increased in the control group. In the experimental group, the lower anterior face height increase and maxillary molar vertical development were significantly smaller compared to controls. Positive overjet was achieved in 54% of the experimental group. CONCLUSIONS: The eruption guidance appliance produced no change in the skeletal anteroposterior relationship. The anterior cross-bite/edge-to-edge relationship was corrected in only about half of the treated subjects.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/terapia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Mandíbula , Maxila , Cefalometria , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia
8.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(2): 99-107, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664906

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between clinician-assessed (actual) and self-assessed (perceived) dentofacial features and their association with bullying in schoolchildren. Methods: The sample comprised 519 schoolchildren aged 10 to 12 years old (235 boys and 284 girls) randomly selected from private and public schools. Clinical evaluations were performed to record dento- facial features, and the children were asked a self-reported questionnaire about their personal experience of bullying and perceived dentofacial features. Descriptive statistics (counts and percentages) as well as chi-square to analyze the association between variables were applied. Results: The results showed that 57.2 percent of the children reported being bullied, and the mainly perceived dentofacial features cited were: "crooked teeth" (46.3 percent), "shape or color of teeth" (45.5 percent), "upper front teeth sticking out" (43.8 percent), and "having a gap between the teeth or having missing teeth" (35.5 percent). Statistically significant associations between actual and perceived dentofacial features and involve- ment in bullying were observed for anterior crowding (P=0.01), anterior crossbite (P<0.001), lip competence (P=0.008), and anterior dental trauma (P=0.04). Conclusion: Some actual and perceived dentofacial traits are associated with bullying, so these features and the schoolchil- dren's compliances should be considered to determine the treatment need.


Assuntos
Bullying , Humanos , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 276, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to three-dimensionally (3D) evaluate the maxillomandibular basal bone and dentoalveolar widths using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans in adult Chinese populations with different vertical and sagittal facial skeletal patterns whilst no apparent posterior dental crossbite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective cross-sectional comparative study enrolled CBCT images of 259 adult patients (125 males and 134 females). The subjects were divided into the hyperdivergent(n = 82), hypodivergent(n = 88), and normodivergent(n = 89) groups based on the Jarabak ratio (S-GO/N-Me), which were further divided into three subgroups of skeletal Class I, II and III, based on both the ANB angle and AF-BF parameters. ANOVA was used to analyze the extracted data of the studied groups. The intra- and inter-observer reliability was analyzed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: In all three vertical facial skeletal patterns, the skeletal Class II had significantly smaller mandibular basal bone width compared to skeletal Class I and Class III, both at the first molar and first premolar levels. The skeletal Class III seemed to have smaller maxillary basal bone width compared to skeletal Class I and Class II malocclusions; however, a significant difference was found only in the normodivergent pattern. As for the dentoalveolar compensation, it was most notable that in the hypodivergent growth pattern, the skeletal Class II had significantly smaller maxillary dentoalveolar width compared to the Class I and Class III groups, both at the first molar and first premolar levels. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the sample in the present study, skeletal Class II has the narrowest mandibular basal bone regardless of the vertical facial skeletal pattern. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: For Chinese adults with no apparent transverse discrepancy, the maxillomandibular basal bone and dentoalveolar widths are revealed in specific categories based on different vertical and sagittal facial skeletal patterns. In diagnosis and treatment planning, particular attention should be paid to skeletal Class II for possibly existing mandibular narrowing.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imageamento Tridimensional , Má Oclusão , Mandíbula , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Cefalometria , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 424, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582881

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neodymium-iron-boron magnets have been suggested as a contemporary method for accelerating the process of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). A limited number of clinical trials evaluated their effectiveness in accelerating OTM which is desirable for both orthodontists and patients. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a low-intensity static magnetic field (SMF) in accelerating upper canine retraction movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients (mean age 20.76 ± 2.9 years) with their orthodontic treatment decision to extract the upper and lower first premolars due to bimaxillary protrusion malocclusion were included in this split-mouth study. Canine retraction was performed using Nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) closed-coil springs (150 g of force on each side). The experimental side received SMF via an auxiliary wire that carried 4-neodymium iron-born magnets with an air gap of 2 mm between the magnets to produce a magnetic field density of 414 mT in the region corresponding to the lateral ligament of the upper canine. To determine the rate of upper canine retraction and upper molar drift, alginate impressions were taken once a month to create plaster casts, which were analyzed digitally via a three-dimensional method. RESULTS: The rate of upper canine retraction was significantly greater (P < 0.05) on the SMF side than that on the control side during the first and second months, with an overall duration (19.16%) that was greater than that on the control side. The peak acceleration occurred during the second month (38.09%). No significant differences in upper molar drift were detected between the experimental and control sides (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: A low-intensity static magnetic field was effective at accelerating upper canine retraction. The difference between the two sides was statistically significant but may not be clinically significant. The SMF did not affect upper molar drift during the upper canine retraction phase. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was retrospectively registered at the ISRCTN registry ( ISRCTN59092624 ) (31/05/2022).


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Neodímio , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Fios Ortodônticos , Boca , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Ferro , Dente Canino
11.
Int J Oral Sci ; 16(1): 32, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627388

RESUMO

Malocclusion, identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of three major oral diseases, profoundly impacts the dental-maxillofacial functions, facial esthetics, and long-term development of ~260 million children in China. Beyond its physical manifestations, malocclusion also significantly influences the psycho-social well-being of these children. Timely intervention in malocclusion can foster an environment conducive to dental-maxillofacial development and substantially decrease the incidence of malocclusion or reduce the severity and complexity of malocclusion in the permanent dentition, by mitigating the negative impact of abnormal environmental influences on the growth. Early orthodontic treatment encompasses accurate identification and treatment of dental and maxillofacial morphological and functional abnormalities during various stages of dental-maxillofacial development, ranging from fetal stages to the early permanent dentition phase. From an economic and societal standpoint, the urgency for effective early orthodontic treatments for malocclusions in childhood cannot be overstated, underlining its profound practical and social importance. This consensus paper discusses the characteristics and the detrimental effects of malocclusion in children, emphasizing critical need for early treatment. It elaborates on corresponding core principles and fundamental approaches in early orthodontics, proposing comprehensive guidance for preventive and interceptive orthodontic treatment, serving as a reference for clinicians engaged in early orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Humanos , Criança , Consenso , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica , China
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 248, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fibula free flaps (FFF) are the standard approach to mandibular reconstruction after partial resection, with the goal of restoring aesthetics and masticatory function. The graft position affects both and must be carefully selected. Correlations between sagittal positioning and upper airway anatomy are known from orthognathic surgery. This study aims to evaluate changes in mandibular position and upper airway anatomy after reconstructive surgery with FFF and corresponding correlations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mandibular position after reconstruction was evaluated using three-dimensional datasets of pre- and postoperative computed tomography scans of patients treated between 2020 and 2022. Three-dimensional measurements were performed on both condyles and the symphyseal region. Changes in upper airway volume and minimum cross-sectional area (minCSA) were analysed. Intra-rater reliability was assessed. Correlations between changes in upper airway anatomy and sagittal mandibular position were tested. RESULTS: The analysis included 35 patients. Intra-rater reliability was good to excellent. Condylar deviations and rotations were mostly rated as small. Changes in symphyseal position were considerably greater. Median airway volume decreased in the oropharynx and hypopharynx. Posterior deviation of the symphysis was associated with a decreasing minCSA in the hypopharynx and vice versa. CONCLUSIONS: The overall accuracy of mandibular reconstructions with FFF is high, but there is room for optimization. The focus of research should be extended from masticatory to respiratory rehabilitation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Effects on respiratory function should be considered prior to graft positioning. The clinical relevance of upper airway changes within the complex rehabilitation of reconstructive surgery patients needs to be further investigated.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Má Oclusão , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estética Dentária
13.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 42(1): 52-57, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The term "stereognosis" comes from neurology and describes the capacity to distinguish objects solely by touch. AIM: The aim of this research study was to compare the neuromotor ability of the tongue in patients with malocclusion and tongue dysfunction with and without superficial anesthesia on the tip of the tongue and hard palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 132 patients aged 6-13 years. Using a spatula for speech therapy and a visual evaluation while swallowing saliva, all individuals were identified as having swallowing dysfunctions and divided into three groups: study group (children with malocclusions and tongue dysfunctions) - 44 patients, comparator group (children with malocclusions and without tongue dysfunctions) - 44 patients, and control group (children without malocclusions or tongue dysfunctions) - 44 patients. The Koczorowski methods were used for the stereognostic tests. RESULTS: Age, sex, and malocclusion were taken into account during the differential analysis. The study and comparison groups, study and control groups, and the comparator and control groups all showed statistically significant differences from one another. According to the results, tongue dysfunction affects patients' ability to coordinate their movements with their senses at a developing stage. CONCLUSION: Patients with malocclusions that are made worse by tongue dysfunctions have poorer oral stereognostic sensibility. Speech therapy and interdisciplinary specialist orthodontic treatment are required for individuals with impaired oral perception who are still in the developmental stage and have abnormal tongue position and function.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Criança , Língua , Tato , Assistência Odontológica , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico
14.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 45(4): 214, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622082

RESUMO

Hypoplastic maxilla is a common skeletal anomaly that compromises function and esthetics. Beyond just a narrow-appearing smile, this abnormality presents significant restorative challenges in adult patients as it is often associated with crowding, compromised axial inclination of the teeth, lack of alveolar bone support, root proximity, and occlusal trauma.1 Recent research also confirms association of maxillary deficiency with nasal stenosis and a predisposition to compromised nasal airflow and pharyngeal collapse during sleep.2,3 Maxillary transverse skeletal deficiency is often but not always associated with posterior dental cross-bite. In most cases, maxillary posterior teeth are flared buccally and mandibular posterior teeth are excessively lingually inclined masking the underlying skeletal problem.4 Advances in 3D imaging in dentistry, namely ultra-low radiation cone-beam imaging technology, have significantly enhanced clinicians' ability to diagnose and subsequently treat a maxillary transverse deficiency.5.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Ortodontia , Dente , Adulto , Humanos , Estética Dentária , Má Oclusão/terapia , Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
15.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(2): e879, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment is often accompanied by discomfort and pain in patients, which are believed to be a result of orthodontic tooth displacement caused by the mechanical forces exerted by the orthodontic appliances on the periodontal tissues. These lead to change blood oxygen level dependent response in related brain regions. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to assess the impact of experimental orthodontic tooth displacement on alterations in central nervous system activation assessed by tasked based and resting state fMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using online databases, following PRISMA guidelines and the PICO framework. Selected studies utilized magnetic resonance imaging to examine the brain activity changes in healthy participants after the insertion of orthodontic appliances. RESULTS: The initial database screening resulted in 791 studies. Of these, 234 were duplicates and 547 were deemed irrelevant considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Of the ten remaining potential relevant studies, two were excluded during full-text screening. Eight prospective articles were eligible for further analysis. The included studies provided evidence of the intricate interplay between orthodontic treatment, pain perception, and brain function. All of the participants in the included studies employed orthodontic separators in short-term experiments to induce tooth displacement during the early stage of orthodontic treatment. Alterations in brain activation were observed in brain regions, functional connectivity and brain networks, predominantly affecting regions implicated in nociception (thalamus, insula), emotion (insula, frontal areas), and cognition (frontal areas, cerebellum, default mode network). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that orthodontic treatment influences beyond the pain matrix and affects other brain regions including the limbic system. Furthermore, understanding the orthodontically induced brain activation can aid in development of targeted pain management strategies that do not adversely affect orthodontic tooth movement. Due to the moderate to serious risk of bias and the heterogeneity among the included studies, further clinical trials on this subject are recommended.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9660, 2024 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38671196

RESUMO

Analyzing the correlation between cephalometric measurements is important for improving our understanding of the anatomy in the oral and maxillofacial region. To minimize bias resulting from the design of the input data and to establish a reference for malocclusion research, the aims of this study were to construct the input set by integrating nine cephalometric analyses and to study the correlation structure of cephalometric variables in Korean adults with normal occlusion. To analyze the complex correlation structure among 65 cephalometric variables, which were based on nine classical cephalometric analyses, network analysis was applied to data obtained from 735 adults (368 males, 367 females) aged 18-25 years with normal occlusion. The structure was better revealed through weighted network analysis and minimum spanning tree. Network analysis revealed cephalometric variable clusters and the inter- and intra-correlation structure. Some metrics were divided based on their geometric interpretation rather than their clinical significance. It was confirmed that various classical cephalometric analyses primarily focus on investigating nine anatomical features. Investigating the correlation between cephalometric variables through network analysis can significantly enhance our understanding of the anatomical characteristics in the oral and maxillofacial region, which is a crucial step in studying malocclusion using artificial intelligence.


Assuntos
Cefalometria , Humanos , Cefalometria/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adolescente , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem , Oclusão Dentária , População do Leste Asiático
17.
Georgian Med News ; (347): 177-180, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609137

RESUMO

Malocclusion can have a negative impact on children's quality of life. Patients with severe malocclusions tend to smile less and look for ways to improve their smile. The mentioned study was conducted in 400 patients aged 3 to 18 years, who applied to the dental clinic for orthodontic treatment regardless of age and gender. The aim of the study was the prevalence of occlusion, dental arches and dental anomalies, most often combined occlusion anomalies, functional disorders, carious and filled teeth and periodontal diseases in the examined patients. According to the results of the research, it was established that the majority of the examined patients were female. Among occlusion anomalies, occlusion class II subclass I was detected with the highest frequency. Almost 11% of the examined had a functional disturbances oral and maxillofacial system. 6% of the examined have an anomaly of the shape of the crown of the teeth. 6.25% of cases have microdontia and 5.5% have macrodontia. 1.17% showed pathological wear and 24.55 enamel hypoplasia. 1% supernumerary tooth, of which 0.75% supernumerary tooth between central incisors, 0.25% supernumerary tooth in other area. Persistent tooth in 3.25% of cases. 5% of retentive teeth are one or several teeth at the same time. 26.75% have one or more dystopian postures. Diastema was detected in 19.75%. Most of the examined patients were female, which is explained by the perception of patients and their parents regarding facial aesthetics in relation to gender. Most of the patients turn to orthodontics in cases of occlusal anomalies that are more aesthetically pronounced and easily perceived by others. In the studied society, oral health and oral care skills are given less importance, as evidenced by high rates of periodontal diseases, caries, and filled teeth. In the mentioned population, it is very important to raise the level of knowledge of the importance of oral health, which is possible by conducting educational events in kindergartens, schools, public gathering places, dental clinics.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Doenças Periodontais , Dente Supranumerário , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Prevalência , Dente Supranumerário/epidemiologia , Arco Dental , Dentição , Qualidade de Vida , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia
18.
Br Dent J ; 236(7): 528-532, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609611

RESUMO

Some dentists choose to ignore the subject of occlusion, while others propose a set of doctrinal rules. It is of little wonder therefore that it can become a source of confusion and even controversy. This series of two papers aims, firstly, to answer the very simple question of 'what is occlusion?'. It will put occlusion into the context of the articulatory system because that is the bio-mechanical environment where the majority of dentists do their work. The concept of jaw relation will also be discussed but within the context of this locomotive system. Ideal occlusion will be described but only after answering the question: for whom or what might an occlusion be considered ideal? Although, in the book of which this is the first chapter, he presents what has worked for him during many years as a general dental practitioner, university lecturer and specialist in restorative dentistry, he has tried not to be didactic because he feels that, in a profession, there are no right answers, only the right questions.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Papel Profissional , Humanos , Masculino , Oclusão Dentária , Odontologia , Emoções
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 432, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Based on the present global burden of oral diseases, unmet dental needs affect a more significant population worldwide. It is characterised by the need for dental care but receiving delayed or no care. The contributing factors include lack of knowledge about oral health, its consequences, and the availability of dental services. We need to find out the scale of the problem of unmet dental needs for the south Indian population. Therefore, the objective was to determine the relationship between the presence of oral disease and the quality of life-related to oral health using the OHIP-14 tool. METHODS: The unmet dental requirements of the south Indian population were determined using a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Close-ended questions were used to obtain data from two investigators trained to record the answers from the patients. The data was collected using the OHIP-14 questionnaire, which consists of 14 items divided into seven domains with two questions each. Physical pain, psychological impairment, physical disability, psychological disability, social disability, and disability were all considered. An additional analysis of artificial neural network (ANN) was done. RESULTS: The response rate was 100 per cent. N = 1029 people replied to the questionnaire about their unmet dental needs. N = 497 (48.3%) were men, whereas N = 532 (51.7%) were women. The average age was 31.7811.72. As their current occupation, most of the included subjects (60.1%) were students. The respondents had no known personal habits and a mixed diet (94.93%). The average BMI was 24.022.59 (14-30.9). OHIP was present in 62.3% of the population. The average OHIP-14 severity score was 10.97. (8.54). The severity and degree of unmet dental need were substantial (p0.01) due to pain in the mouth/teeth/gums, malocclusion, and gum bleeding. The most common OHIP-14 domains affected by unmet oral needs were psychological discomfort, psychological limitation, social limitation, and feeling handicapped. The analysis of ANN revealed that high OHIP scores were primarily attributed to dental caries, poor oral health, and dental aesthetics. CONCLUSION: The severity and degree of unmet dental needs were significant among the south Indian population. The most common oral health status that impacted OHIP-14 domains were pain, malocclusion, and bleeding gums. These patients were significantly impacted by psychological discomfort and social limitations and felt handicapped.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Má Oclusão , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Saúde Bucal , Dor , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Prog Orthod ; 25(1): 13, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of a semi-automatic 3D digital setup process in predicting the orthodontic treatment outcome achieved by labial fixed appliances. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five adult patients (18 to 24 years old) with class I malocclusion and moderate crowding were prospectively enrolled and received treatment on both jaws through the straight-wire technique. Prior to treatment commencement, a semi-automatic digital setup simulating the predicted treatment outcome was performed for each patient through Orthoanalyzer software (3Shape®, Copenhagen, Denmark) to obtain the prediction model. This was compared to the final outcome model through 3D superimposition methods. Metric variables and inspection of color-coded distance maps were used to detect how accurately the digital setup predicts the actual treatment outcome. RESULTS: The mean absolute distances (MAD) between the superimposed dental arches of the predicted and the final models were: 0.77 ± 0.13 mm following superimposition on the palate, 0.52 ± 0.06 mm following superimposition on the maxillary dental arch, and 0.55 ± 0.15 mm following superimposition on the mandibular dental arch. The MAD at the palatal reference area was 0.09 ± 0.04 mm. Visualization of color-coded distance maps indicated that the digital setup accurately predicted the final teeth position in a few cases. Almost half of the cases had posteriorly wider upper and lower dental arches and palatally/lingually positioned or inclined anterior teeth, whereas the rest still showed errors within 2-3 mm, distributed over the entire dental arches with no distinct pattern. CONCLUSIONS: The accuracy of semi-automatic prediction of the labial fixed appliance treatment outcome in Class I cases with moderate crowding is not yet sufficient. While average measures showed deviations less than 1 mm, examination of individual color-coded distance maps revealed significant disparities between the simulated and the actual results.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe I de Angle , Má Oclusão , Dente , Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Estudos Prospectivos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão Classe I de Angle/terapia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos
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