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1.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 97: 47-51, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299070

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Deutetrabenazine is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat tardive dyskinesia (TD) based on 2 pivotal, 12-week, placebo-controlled studies (ARM-TD and AIM-TD) evaluating safety and efficacy in patients with baseline total motor Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) score ≥6. This analysis estimated the minimal clinically important change (MCIC) in total motor AIMS score in TD patients treated with deutetrabenazine. METHODS: The pooled analysis population included all patients in ARM-TD and AIM-TD who received study drug and had ≥1 postbaseline AIMS assessment. MCIC analyses were performed using Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) and Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGIC) as anchors. MCIC was defined as the mean change from baseline in total motor AIMS score in patients treated with deutetrabenazine who were rated minimally improved on PGIC or CGIC at Week 12. RESULTS: This analysis included 295 patients (deutetrabenazine, n = 197; placebo, n = 98). At Week 12, the MCIC in deutetrabenazine-treated patients was -2.4 based on the PGIC and -2.1 based on the CGIC. Mean change from baseline in total motor AIMS score for placebo-treated patients rated minimally improved was -1.4 based on the PGIC and -1.5 based on the CGIC. The proportion of deutetrabenazine-treated patients who achieved improvement in total motor AIMS score by ≥2 and ≥3 points was 66% and 55%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Using anchor-based methodology, the MCIC on the AIMS for deutetrabenazine in patients with TD was approximately -2, suggesting that a reduction in total motor AIMS score of ∼2 is associated with clinically meaningful improvement in TD symptoms.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos , Discinesia Tardia , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Discinesia Tardia/induzido quimicamente , Discinesia Tardia/tratamento farmacológico , Tetrabenazina/análogos & derivados , Tetrabenazina/farmacologia , Tetrabenazina/uso terapêutico
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15341, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321577

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to assess the factors associated with periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) among obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients and identify the role of PLMS in patients with OSAS. 303 adult patients with OSAS were included in the study. All patients completed physical examination, Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), and polysomnography. Diagnosis of PLMS was made if the periodic leg movements index (PLMI) was ≥ 15. Chi-square test, ANOVA, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with PLMS among OSAS patients. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS 26.0 for mac. Statistically significant difference was considered if P value < 0 .05. Among the 303 adult patients with OSAS, 98 patients had significant PLMS and the other 205 had no significant PLMS. Compared with OSAS patients without PLMS, OSAS patient with PLMS were older, had shorter REM duration and greater apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) (P < 0.05). The study suggests that PLMS is a matter of concern among patients with OSAS. A better understanding of the role of PLMS among OSAS patients could be useful in better recognition, intervention and treatment of OSAS.


Assuntos
Discinesias/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Discinesias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro) , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia/métodos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Sono REM/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-16], abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364002

RESUMO

Scapular dyskinesis is an abnormality in scapula static or dynamic position. There are several techniques for scapular dyskinesis conservative treatment, including Kinesio Tape application, which is used to promote and support scapula joint alignment, decrease pain and improve local muscle control. The study aim to investigate the effect of kinesio tape on scapular kinematics in subjects with scapular dyskinesis. Fourteen subjects with scapular dyskinesis performed flexion and scaption movements in two conditions: (1) without load and (2) holding a dumbbell. A scapular tape was applied over the lower trapezius (Y shaped) muscle with a 20% tension. Kinematic data were captured with 10 infrared cameras and analyzed based on Euler angles, peak values of upward rotation, internal rotation, and posterior tilt angles. To compare the situations with and without kinesio tape the repeated measures two-way ANOVAs (α = 0.05) was performed using SPSS software. Scapular tape increase upward rotation and posterior tilt during flexion of the shoulder. No interaction (Load x KT) was found during flexion, suggesting that KT effect in the peak values is the same, regardless the load condition. Scapular tape decreases internal rotation during scaption and a significant interaction was found between load x KT, suggesting the effect of using KT could depend the load u sed during this movement. The results suggest that kinesio tape may can be use as assistant to increase upward rotation, posterior tilt and decrease internal rotation in scapular dyskinesis subjects. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Ombro , Anormalidade Torcional , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Fita Atlética , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas , Dor , Escápula , Cinesiologia Aplicada , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Articulações , Movimento , Músculos
4.
J Clin Psychopharmacol ; 40(4): 373-380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639290

RESUMO

PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: To add to limited evidence on the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) as a measure of tardive dyskinesia (TD) in clinical practice settings, the characteristics and correlates of AIMS scores were assessed. METHODS/PROCEDURES: Veterans with schizophrenia/schizoaffective, bipolar, or major depressive disorders receiving antipsychotics and at least 1 AIMS score during October 1, 2014, to September 30, 2015, were identified. Tardive dyskinesia was determined by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, codes. Correlates of AIMS scores were examined using χ or t tests. Odds ratios and ß parameters with 95% confidence intervals for categorical and continuous variables associated with AIMS scores were derived from a multivariate logistic and linear regression, respectively. FINDINGS/RESULTS: Among 7985 veterans receiving antipsychotics, only 4706 (58.9%) had at least 1 AIMS examination. Of these, 229 (4.9%) were diagnosed with possible TD. The mean total AIMS scores and AIMS awareness/incapacitation scores were significantly higher for patients with TD (both P < 0.0001). Comparing diagnostic threshold criteria of AIMS ratings, only 17.5% to 37.1% of veterans with TD were successfully identified. Among TD patients, 21.4% had a total score of moderate-severe and 15.3% had ratings of at least mild movements in 2 or more body regions. In the regression analyses, being older, African-American, having schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder, and receiving antipsychotics or benztropine significantly increased the severity of AIMS scores. Higher AIMS scores were not predictive of outcomes other than marital status in socioeconomic or healthcare domains. IMPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: Although the AIMS is essential for TD research, its value in clinical practice without training and oversight remains unclear. Efforts to adapt screening procedures to clinical needs may be worthwhile.


Assuntos
Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Antipsicóticos/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Discinesia Tardia/diagnóstico , Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Bipolar/tratamento farmacológico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Early Hum Dev ; 130: 1-9, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Moderate preterm infants (MPI) and late preterm infants (LPI) account for the majority of children born preterm. Up to 5% of MPI and LPI are estimated to manifest neurodevelopmental impairments. However, information about normal early motor development in these patients is lacking. AIM: To find characteristic patterns for motor development in the first four months of life among MPI and LPI without risk factors for developmental impairment by using accelerometry of spontaneous movements. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective and observational study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-three MPI and LPI (9 female, 14 male) without known risk factors for neurodevelopmental impairment were included in this study. Spontaneous movements were measured by accelerometry at the time of hospital discharge (mean: 36.6wks postmenstrual age (PMA)) and at the corrected age of three months (mean: 53.0wks PMA). OUTCOME MEASURES: Motor development was described by analyzing 36 parameters calculated from the acceleration signal. Normal neurodevelopmental outcome was confirmed by Bayley Scales of Infant Development at the corrected age of two years. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) between the two measurements could be shown in 26 out of the 36 parameters. Striking changes in motor development were an increase in acceleration and variability of the spontaneous movements, the main criterion for analyzing spontaneous movements. Furthermore, the regularity of spontaneous movements increased significantly. CONCLUSION: Characteristic patterns of normal motor development in MPI and LPI can be identified and provide a basis for future investigations aiming at the early detection of abnormal motor development for this specific patient group.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro/fisiologia , Movimento , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Aceleração , Acelerometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino
6.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-765836

RESUMO

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the zona incerta has shown promising results in the reduction of medically refractory movement disorders. However, evidence supporting its efficacy in movement disorders secondary to hemorrhagic stroke or hemichoreoathetosis is limited. We describe a 48-year-old man who developed progressive hemichoreoathetosis with an arrhythmic, proximal tremor in his right arm following a thalamic hemorrhagic stroke. Pharmacological treatment was carried out with no change in the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) score after 4 weeks (14). After six sessions of botulinum toxin treatment, a subtle improvement in the AIMS score (13) was registered, but no clinical improvement was noted. The arrhythmic proximal movements were significantly improved after DBS of the zona incerta with a major decrease in the patient’s AIMS score (8). The response to DBS occurring after the failure of pharmacological and botulinum toxin treatments suggests that zona incerta DBS may be an alternative for postthalamic hemorrhage movement disorders.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Braço , Toxinas Botulínicas , Coreia , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda , Hemorragia , Herpes Zoster , Transtornos dos Movimentos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tremor , Zona Incerta
7.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 79(3)2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29742330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide an historic overview of the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) in clinical trials of tardive dyskinesia (TD), with current recommendations for analyzing and interpreting AIMS data. PARTICIPANTS: Seven psychiatrists and 1 neurologist were selected by the workshop sponsor based on each individual's clinical expertise and research experience. EVIDENCE: Using PubMed entries from January 1970 to August 2017, participants selected studies that used the AIMS to evaluate TD treatments. The selections were intended to be representative rather than prescriptive or exhaustive, and no specific recommendations for TD treatment are implied. CONSENSUS PROCESS: The Working Group met in October 2016 to discuss the AIMS as an assessment tool, outline the challenges of translating clinical trial results into everyday clinical practice, and propose different methods for reporting AIMS data in clinically relevant terms. Recommendations for selecting TD studies for review, analyzing and interpreting AIMS data, and synthesizing discussions among the participants were initiated during the onsite workshop and continued remotely throughout development of this report. Disagreements were resolved via group e-mails and teleconferences. Consensus was based on final approval of this report by all workshop participants. CONCLUSIONS: For both research and clinical practice, the AIMS is a valid measure for assessing TD and the effects of treatment, but alternative analyses of AIMS data (eg, effect size, minimal clinically important difference, response analyses, category shifts) may provide broader evidence of clinical effectiveness. No single analysis of AIMS data can be considered the standard of clinical efficacy; multiple analytic approaches are recommended.


Assuntos
Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Consenso , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Discinesia Tardia/diagnóstico , Discinesia Tardia/tratamento farmacológico , Educação , Humanos
8.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-725218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressive and anxiety symptoms and tardive dyskinesia (TD) and reveal the association of cognitive function and TD in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: We recruited 30 schizophrenia patients with TD and 31 without TD from a national mental hospital in South Korea. To assess depressive and anxiety symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI–II) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were conducted. Using the five-factor structure of the BDI-II and BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety were assessed. Computerized neurocognitive function test (CNT) was performed to assess levels of cognitive functions. We compared the clinical characteristics, levels of cognitive functions, and depressive and anxiety symptoms between schizophrenia patients with TD and without TD. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, independent t-test and Mann Whitney U test were conducted to compare two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to evaluate relationships among the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS), BDI-II, BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety. RESULTS: The subjects with TD had significantly lower score on the cognitive depression than those without TD (t = −2.087, p = 0.041). There were significant correlations between the AIMS score and the BDI-II score (r = −0.386, p = 0.035) and between the AIMS score and cognitive depression score (r = − 0.385, p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest the inverse relationship between severities in TD and depression and support the assumption that there is an inverse relationship between the pathophysiology of TD and depression.


Assuntos
Humanos , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Ansiedade , Cognição , Depressão , Hospitais Psiquiátricos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Transtornos dos Movimentos , Esquizofrenia
10.
Lancet Psychiatry ; 4(8): 595-604, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28668671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia results from exposure to dopamine receptor antagonists, such as typical and atypical antipsychotics. If clinically appropriate, clinicians often manage this disorder by lowering the dose of, or discontinuing, the causative drug. There is a significant unmet need for a treatment option that does not disrupt treatment regimens for underlying psychiatric illnesses. We aimed to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of fixed doses of deutetrabenazine-a novel vesicular monoamine transporter-2 inhibitor-in patients with tardive dyskinesia. METHODS: We did this double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial at 75 centres in the USA and Europe. Patients aged 18-80 years with tardive dyskinesia (≥3 months before screening) were randomly assigned centrally (1:1:1:1), via interactive response technology, to receive one of three fixed doses of deutetrabenazine (12 mg/day, 24 mg/day, or 36 mg/day) or matching placebo. Randomisation was stratified by baseline use of dopamine receptor antagonists. Patients were started on oral deutetrabenazine 12 mg/day, and this dose was increased through week 4 until the randomised dose was achieved, then maintained over 8 weeks. During the treatment period, patients, investigators, their site personnel, and sponsor were masked to group assignment. The primary efficacy endpoint was change in Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) score from baseline to week 12 in patients with at least one post-baseline rating. The primary efficacy analysis was done in the modified intention-to-treat population (baseline AIMS score ≥6 and at least one post-baseline rating). The safety analysis was done in patients who received any study drug. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02291861. FINDINGS: Between Oct 29, 2014, and Aug 19, 2016, we randomly assigned 298 patients to receive at least one dose of placebo (n=74), deutetrabenazine 12 mg/day (n=75), 24 mg/day (n=74), or 36 mg/day (n=75); 222 patients comprised the modified intention-to-treat population and 293 patients comprised the safety population. From baseline to week 12, the least-squares mean AIMS score improved by -3·3 points (SE 0·42) in the deutetrabenazine 36 mg/day group, -3·2 points (0·45) in the 24 mg/day group, and -2·1 points (0·42) in the 12 mg/day group, with a treatment difference of -1·9 points (SE 0·58, 95% CI -3·09 to -0·79; p=0·001), -1·8 points (0·60, -3·00 to -0·63; p=0·003), and -0·7 points (0·57, -1·84 to 0·42; p=0·217), respectively, versus -1·4 points (0·41) in the placebo group. The rate of adverse events was similar between patients in the deutetrabenazine 36 mg/day group (n=38/74 [51%]), 24 mg/day group (n=32/73 [44%]), and 12 mg/day group (n=36/74 [49%]), and those in the placebo group (n=34/72 [47%]). Serious adverse events were reported in four (5%) patients given deutetrabenazine 36 mg/day, six (8%) patients given 24 mg/day, and two (3%) patients given 12 mg/day, compared with four (6%) patients given placebo. Two (1%) patients in the safety population died, one each in the deutetrabenazine 24 mg/day and 36 mg/day groups; neither death was deemed related to study drug by the investigator or sponsor. INTERPRETATION: Deutetrabenazine 24 mg/day and 36 mg/day provided a significant reduction in tardive dyskinesia, with favourable safety and tolerability. These findings suggest that dosing regimens could be individualised and tailored for patients on the basis of dyskinesia control and tolerability. FUNDING: Teva Pharmaceutical Industries.


Assuntos
Discinesias/tratamento farmacológico , Discinesia Tardia/tratamento farmacológico , Tetrabenazina/análogos & derivados , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tetrabenazina/administração & dosagem , Tetrabenazina/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
11.
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 43(1): 8-14, July 2017. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-869773

RESUMO

Introducción: Para utilizar un meta-análisis de todos los casos reportados de la estimulación cerebral profunda (DBS) para ladistonía para determinar cuáles son los factores significativos resultados influencia relacionada con el destino. La escala demovimiento Burke-Fahn-Marsden (BFM), la medida más informado, fue elegida como la principal medida de resultado paraeste análisis. Material y Métodos: Una búsqueda en MEDLINE identificaron 137 pacientes que se sometieron a DBS para ladistonía en 24 estudios que tenían puntuaciones individuales BFM. Datos de los pacientes individuales, incluyendo la edad deinicio de la distonía, la edad de la cirugía, el género, la distribución de la distonía, la etiología de la distonía, la presencia decaracterísticas asociadas, anormalidad de las imágenes preoperatorias, cirugías estereotáxica anteriores, el núcleo estimulado,el tipo de anestesia que se utiliza, el tiempo de respuesta a la estimulación, y el momento de la evaluación de resultadosse introdujeron en una base de datos de SPSS para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: La media BFM cambio porcentual(mejora en la puntuación postoperatoria de la línea de base) fue 51,8% (rango - 34% a 100%). Significativamente se lograronmejores resultados con la estimulación del globo pálido interno (GPI) que con la estimulación de la parte posterior del núcleolateral ventral (VLP) del tálamo (p = 0,0001)...


Introduction: To use a meta-analysis on all reported cases of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia to reevaluate the good effect using the GPi as a target, which factors significant influence outcome related to the target. The Burke-Fahn-Marsden (BFM) movement scale, the most reported measure, was chosen as the primary outcome measure for this analysis. Material and Methods: Computerized MEDLINE searches on English literature search identified 137 patients who underwent BBS for dystonia in 24 studies that had individual BFM scores. The study was done with statistical analysis by intention to treat. Statistical analysis was made with a significant p- value of 0.05. For the comparison of pre- and postoperative scores, a test Wilcoxon signed was used. Results: The mean BFM percentage change (improvement in postoperative score from baseline) was 46.3 percent(range - 34 percent to 100 percent)...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Distonia/etiologia , Distonia/terapia , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Transtorno de Movimento Estereotipado , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Estimulação Elétrica/métodos
12.
Am J Psychiatry ; 174(5): 476-484, 2017 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28320223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tardive dyskinesia is a persistent movement disorder induced by dopamine receptor blockers, including antipsychotics. Valbenazine (NBI-98854) is a novel, highly selective vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor that demonstrated favorable efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia in phase 2 studies. This phase 3 study further evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of valbenazine as a treatment for tardive dyskinesia. METHOD: This 6-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or a mood disorder who had moderate or severe tardive dyskinesia. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to once-daily placebo, valbenazine at 40 mg/day, or valbenazine at 80 mg/day. The primary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline to week 6 in the 80 mg/day group compared with the placebo group on the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) dyskinesia score (items 1-7), as assessed by blinded central AIMS video raters. Safety assessments included adverse event monitoring, laboratory tests, ECG, and psychiatric measures. RESULTS: The intent-to-treat population included 225 participants, of whom 205 completed the study. Approximately 65% of participants had schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, and 85.5% were receiving concomitant antipsychotics. Least squares mean change from baseline to week 6 in AIMS dyskinesia score was -3.2 for the 80 mg/day group, compared with -0.1 for the placebo group, a significant difference. AIMS dyskinesia score was also reduced in the 40 mg/day group (-1.9 compared with -0.1). The incidence of adverse events was consistent with previous studies. CONCLUSIONS: Once-daily valbenazine significantly improved tardive dyskinesia in participants with underlying schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or mood disorder. Valbenazine was generally well tolerated, and psychiatric status remained stable. Longer trials are necessary to understand the long-term effects of valbenazine in patients with tardive dyskinesia.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/efeitos adversos , Transtornos do Humor/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Psicóticos/tratamento farmacológico , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Discinesia Tardia/tratamento farmacológico , Tetrabenazina/análogos & derivados , Valina/análogos & derivados , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Adulto , Idoso , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Discinesia Tardia/diagnóstico , Tetrabenazina/efeitos adversos , Tetrabenazina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Valina/efeitos adversos , Valina/uso terapêutico
13.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-108197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of paliperidone extended-release (ER) tablets in patients with first-episode psychosis (n=75). METHODS: This was an 8-week, open-label, multicenter trial. The primary outcome variable was scores on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS); secondary measures included the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI), and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). To assess safety, we measured drug-related adverse events, weight, lipid-related variables, and prolactin and administered the Simpson–Angus Rating Scale (SARS), the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), the Barnes Akathisia Scale (BAS), the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), and the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser side effect rating scale (UKU). RESULTS: The administration of paliperidone ER resulted in significant improvement in the PANSS, SANS, CAI, and GAF scores (p<0.001) over time. This improvement was evident as early as 1 week. The most frequent adverse events were akathisia, somnolence, anxiety, and sedation, which were well tolerated. Modest increases in weight and lipid profiles were also noted. Prolactin levels were substantially increased at the endpoint in both male and female patients. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that paliperidone ER is effective and is characterized by good tolerability in the treatment of positive and negative symptoms and cognitive functioning in first-episode psychosis.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Escala de Movimento Involuntário Anormal , Ansiedade , Arizona , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Palmitato de Paliperidona , Prolactina , Agitação Psicomotora , Transtornos Psicóticos , Comprimidos
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