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1.
Public Health ; 232: 82-85, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we describe community-based nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) incorporated into COVID-19 mitigation protocols, and SARS-CoV-2 incidence at five faith-based summer camps in the US. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Six southeastern states within the United States (13 sites) were assessed from May 30 to August 14, 2021 (13 sites; N = 13,132; May-August 2021). Camp mitigation policies and NPIs (including masking, vaccinations, meal arrangements, physical distancing, pre-arrival testing, symptom screening, quarantine/isolation, and ventilation upgrades), and SARS-CoV-2 infections were tracked at each site. RESULTS: The symptomatic primary case attack rate was 24.7 (range: 0.0-120.0) cases per 100,000 people per week. Fewer infections were observed in camps with greater mitigation protocols. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that nonpharmaceutical mitigation can promote stable access to youth programs for historically vaccine-hesitant subgroups. Policy recommendations for nonpharmaceutical interventions to prevent respiratory viral transmission in overnight youth faith-based camp settings may include outdoor activities, accessible symptomatic tests, prearrival testing, indoor mask use, small cohorts, physical distancing, and protocols to minimize staff exposures during time off.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acampamento , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Distanciamento Físico , Quarentena , Criança , Incidência , Adulto Jovem
2.
Can J Public Health ; 115(3): 425-431, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38683286

RESUMO

SETTING: Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) and provincial/territorial (P/T) public health identified the need for a coordinated response to complex multijurisdictional COVID-19 outbreaks. The first large multijurisdictional industrial worksite COVID-19 outbreak highlighted the risk of transmission within these congregate work settings, the risk of transmission to the broader community(ies), and the need to develop setting-specific outbreak response frameworks. INTERVENTION: PHAC assembled a team to provide national outbreak support for multijurisdictional COVID-19 outbreaks in May 2020. The COVID-19 Outbreak Response Unit (ORU) worked with P/T partners to develop guiding principles for outbreak response and outbreak investigation processes, guidance documents, and investigation tools (e.g., minimum data elements and questionnaires). OUTCOMES: The ORU, P/T partners, and onsite industrial worksite health and safety staff leveraged outbreak investigation guidelines, industrial worksite outbreak process documents (including minimum data elements), and enhanced case questionnaires to respond to multiple COVID-19 outbreak investigations in industrial worksites. Clear roles/responsibilities and processes, along with standardized data, allowed for more efficient outbreak investigations and earlier implementation of mitigation measures. IMPLICATIONS: Multijurisdictional COVID-19 outbreaks highlighted the importance of public health collaboration with industry partners onsite. The assembly of a national outbreak response team was important to facilitate information sharing and provide technical support. Lessons learned and recommendations on outbreak preparation, detection, management, and communication are included to enhance a response framework applicable to future emerging or re-emerging pathogens with epidemic and/or pandemic potential.


RéSUMé: CONTEXTE: Au début de la pandémie de COVID-19, l'Agence de la santé publique du Canada (ASPC) et les autorités provinciales/territoriales de santé publique ont reconnu la nécessité d'une réponse coordonnée en cas d'éclosions complexes multi-juridictionnelles de COVID-19. La première grande éclosion multi-juridictionnelle de COVID-19 dans un chantier industriel a mis en évidence le risque de transmission dans ces milieux de travail collectifs, le risque de transmission à l'ensemble de la (des) communauté(s) et la nécessité d'élaborer des cadres d'intervention en cas d'éclosion spécifiques aux types de milieux. INTERVENTION: L'ASPC a formé une équipe chargée de soutenir la réponse nationale contre les éclosions multi-juridictionnelles de COVID-19 en mai 2020. L'Unité d'intervention en cas d'éclosion (UIE) de COVID-19 a collaboré avec des partenaires provinciaux et territoriaux pour élaborer des principes de référence pour la lutte contre les éclosions de COVID-19 et des processus d'enquête sur les éclosions, des documents d'orientation et des outils d'enquête (p.ex. des éléments de données minimales et des questionnaires). RéSULTATS: L'UIE, les provinces et territoires et le personnel chargé de la santé et sécurité du travail sur le site se sont appuyés sur des principes de référence aux enquêtes sur les éclosions, les documents de processus d'enquête sur les éclosions dans les sites industriels, y compris les éléments de données minimales et le questionnaire détaillé sur les cas, pour répondre à multiples enquêtes d'éclosions de COVID-19 dans les sites industriels. Des rôles/responsabilités et des processus clairs, ainsi que des données standardisées, ont permis de mener des enquêtes plus efficaces sur les éclosions et de mettre en œuvre plus rapidement des mesures d'atténuation. IMPLICATIONS: Les éclosions multi-juridictionnelles de COVID-19 ont mis en évidence l'importance de la collaboration entre les autorités de santé publique et les partenaires industriels sur site. La constitution d'une équipe nationale d'intervention en cas d'éclosion a été importante pour faciliter le partage des informations et fournir un soutien technique. Les connaissances acquises et les recommandations sur la préparation, la détection, la gestion et la communication des éclosions sont incluses afin d'améliorer le cadre de réponse aux futurs agents pathogènes émergents ou ré-émergents ayant un potentiel épidémique et/ou pandémique.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Surtos de Doenças , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Canadá/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Acampamento , Indústrias , Saúde Ocupacional
3.
Behav Ther ; 55(3): 543-557, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670667

RESUMO

Despite the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents and the existence of effective evidence-based treatments for them, access to psychological care remains a major public health concern. Summer camps may provide an effective treatment avenue for youth who might not otherwise have access to care. This study describes the design and implementation of Fear Facers, a semistructured, 5-day, daytime exposure-therapy-based summer camp designed for youth with a primary diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), social anxiety, separation anxiety, or a specific phobia. Preliminary data regarding feasibility and patient outcomes is also reported. Among 52 children and adolescents aged 7 to 16 who attended one of six camp sessions between 2018 and 2021, significant reductions in anxiety (d = 0.54) and OCD symptoms (d = 0.57) were observed from pre-camp to immediately post-camp. A subset of campers who were followed for an additional 3 months post-camp (n = 22) showed maintenance of treatment gains. Retention rates for the intervention were high. Our investigation provides further support for the use of a camp-based design for cognitive-behavioral approaches, and may provide a unique setting to maximize elements of inhibitory learning in exposures. We also discuss a number of elements regarding feasibility that need consideration for those hoping to develop similar interventions.


Assuntos
Terapia Implosiva , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia , Terapia Implosiva/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Acampamento , Ansiedade/terapia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/terapia , Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia
5.
PLoS One ; 18(11): e0282560, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38011154

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the effectiveness of an infection control protocol developed to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 at two multi-week residential summer camps in 2021. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Data were collected from 595 camp attendees and staff members at two wilderness camps in Northern Minnesota. Testing was undertaken in all unvaccinated campers before arrival at camp, on day 4 of camp, and in the event of respiratory symptoms. Campers were limited to cohorts during the first 4 days of camp and wore masks indoors. The number of positive COVID-19 cases measured the efficacy of the protocol. RESULTS: The testing and cohorting protocol successfully prevented the spread of COVID-19 among campers and staff. During the first summer session, there were zero positive cases of COVID-19 among 257 campers and 127 staff. During the second summer session, compliance with the protocol limited the spread of COVID-19 to just three individuals of 266 campers and 129 staff. Maintaining cohorts at arrival limited spread from a single positive case to only two tent companions. CONCLUSION: The testing and cohorting protocol limited the spread of COVID-19 among residential summer wilderness campers and staff. Post-arrival testing ensured newly acquired virus was limited in spread before COVID-19 precautions were relaxed on camp day 5. A strict evidence-based cohorting protocol limited in-camp spread and allowed for a successful summer camp season. The usefulness of this protocol with an evolving pandemic, increasing vaccination rates, and virus variants could have implications for future practice.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acampamento , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estações do Ano , Controle de Infecções , Vacinação
6.
Am J Biol Anthropol ; 182(3): 340-356, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37728135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Physically active lifestyles are associated with several health benefits. Physical activity (PA) levels are low in post-industrial populations, but generally high throughout life in subsistence populations. The Hadza are a subsistence-oriented foraging population in Tanzania known for being physically active, but it is unknown how recent increases in market integration may have altered their PA patterns. In this study, we examine PA patterns for Hadza women and men who engage in different amounts of traditional foraging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy seven Hadza participants (51% female, 19-87 years) wore an Axivity accelerometer (dominant wrist) for ~6 days during dry season months. We evaluated the effects of age, sex, and lifestyle measures on four PA measures that capture different aspects of the PA profile. RESULTS: Participants engaged in high levels of both moderate-intensity PA and inactivity. Although PA levels were negatively associated with age, older participants were still highly active. We found no differences in PA between participants living in more traditional "bush" camps and those living in more settled "village" camps. Mobility was positively associated with step counts for female participants, and schooling was positively associated with inactive time for male participants. CONCLUSIONS: The similarity in PA patterns between Hadza participants in different camp types suggests that high PA levels characterize subsistence lifestyles generally. The sex-based difference in the effects of mobility and schooling on PA could be a reflection of the Hadza's gender-based division of labor, or indicate that changes to subsistence-oriented lifestyles impact women and men in different ways.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Tanzânia , Estilo de Vida , Comportamento Sedentário
8.
Sci Signal ; 16(790): eadj2198, 2023 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37339183

RESUMO

Adrenergic receptor stimulation improves cancer immunotherapy in a range of immune-competent tumor models.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Neoplasias , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Neoplasias/terapia , Imunoterapia
9.
Wilderness Environ Med ; 34(3): 284-288, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37127486

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Residential and wilderness excursion summer camps are safe, but outdoor activities can lead to injuries. The frequency of various illnesses and injuries at summer camps has been incompletely described. The treatments provided and the need for escalation to higher levels of care are variable. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted for all visits to a camp infirmary over 3 seasons at a residential summer camp in Minnesota. Seventeen descriptive categories of chief complaints and 13 categories of treatment disposition were created for all 695 eligible infirmary visits. The frequency and illness type for which escalation to a higher level of care beyond the camp infirmary was needed were reviewed. RESULTS: Four hundred one campers sought medical care 695 times over 3 seasons. The most common chief complaints were related to skin (35%), musculoskeletal injury (17%), and upper-respiratory symptoms (15%). The most common treatment and dispositions were over-the-counter medications (43%) and simple bandage or dressing (19%). Escalation of care to a clinic or emergency room was uncommon, with 35 (5%) infirmary visits requiring escalation. Musculoskeletal injuries were the most common reason for escalations of care. While overall less common than musculoskeletal injury, dental injury almost always resulted in escalation of care. CONCLUSIONS: An analysis of 3 y of visits to a summer camp infirmary was used by camp medical staff to update protocols and obtain new supplies for diagnosis and treatments. A more complete understanding of the prevalence of injuries and illnesses has the potential to allow better preparation for camp medical staff.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Humanos , Estações do Ano , Estudos Retrospectivos , Minnesota/epidemiologia
10.
PLoS One ; 18(4): e0284360, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37099506

RESUMO

Examining development is essential for a full understanding of behaviour, including how individuals acquire traits and how adaptive evolutionary forces shape these processes. The present study explores the development of cooperative behaviour among the Agta, a Filipino hunter-gatherer population. A simple resource allocation game assessing both levels of cooperation (how much children shared) and patterns of partner choice (who they shared with) was played with 179 children between the ages of 3 and 18. Children were given five resources (candies) and for each was asked whether to keep it for themselves or share with someone else, and if so, who this was. Between-camp variation in children's cooperative behaviour was substantial, and the only strong predictor of children's cooperation was the average level of cooperation among adults in camp; that is, children were more cooperative in camps where adults were more cooperative. Neither age, sex, relatedness or parental levels of cooperation were strongly associated with the amount children shared. Children preferentially shared with close kin (especially siblings), although older children increasingly shared with less-related individuals. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for understanding cross-cultural patterns of children's cooperation, and broader links with human cooperative childcare and life history evolution.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Comportamento Cooperativo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Povo Asiático , Saúde da Criança , Irmãos
11.
J Burn Care Res ; 44(2): 227-233, 2023 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986412

RESUMO

Burn camps play a vital role in the recovery of burn survivors by allowing them to develop the confidence and skill sets needed to reintegrate back into society. During the COVID-19 pandemic, burn camps across the United States and Canada could not hold any in-person activities. They had to either pause burn camps or quickly adapt to a virtual online platform. A 37-item electronic survey was developed and emailed to burn camp directors in the United States and Canada to determine what adaptations were necessary during the pandemic. This survey allowed directors to provide details on many facets such as camp format, successes observed, and challenges encountered. Twenty-one of 34 (62%) burn camp organizations completed the survey. Thirteen of the 21 (62%) respondents held virtual burn camps in 2020 while everyone else canceled their camps in 2020. The mean number of camps offered per organization decreased from 6.3 in 2019 to 4.7 in 2020. The average number of burn survivors and family members participating also dropped in that same period (2019 aggregate mean = 229.2 vs 2020 aggregate mean = 151.4). Components of virtual camp included video conferencing platforms, "camp-in-a-box" activities, and some prerecorded sessions. Most camp directors believed that their campers were satisfied with the virtual format. Factors allowing for a successful virtual camp included an effective online platform, scheduling adequate duration of programs, and appropriate staffing levels. Most common barriers to an effective virtual camp were participant engagement, special needs/accessibility concerns, and staff effectiveness in this format. While challenging, burn camps can be held in a virtual format successfully with proper planning, staff training, and support of campers and their families.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , COVID-19 , Acampamento , Humanos , Criança , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Queimaduras/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Physiol Anthropol ; 41(1): 42, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is known that the circadian rhythm phase in adults can be advanced in a natural light-dark cycle without electrical lighting. However, the effect of advanced sleep-wake timing according to the natural light-dark cycle on children's circadian phase is unclear. We investigated the effects of approximately 2 weeks of camping life with little access to artificial lighting on children's circadian phases. We also conducted an exploratory examination on the effects of wake time according to natural sunrise time on the manner of the advance of their circadian phases. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy children (mean ± SD age, 10.6 ± 1.4 years) participated in a camping program with wake time (4:00) being earlier than sunrise time (EW condition), and 21 healthy children (10.4 ± 1.1 years) participated in a camping program with wake time (5:00) being almost matched to sunrise time (SW condition). Salivary dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) before the camping program and that after approximately 2 weeks of camping were compared. RESULTS: DLMO was advanced by approximately 2 h after the camping program compared with the circadian phase in daily life in both conditions. In addition, the advances in DLMO were significantly correlated with mid-sleep points before the camp in both conditions (EW: r = 0.72, p < 0.01, SW: r = 0.70, p < 0.01). These correlations mean that the phase advance was greater for the children with delayed sleep habits in daily life. Furthermore, in the EW condition, mean DLMO after the camp (18:09 ± 0:33 h) was earlier than natural sunset time and there was no significant decrease in interindividual variability in DLMO. On the other hand, in the SW condition, mean DLMO after the camp (18:43 ± 0:20 h) matched natural sunset time and interindividual variability in DLMO was significantly lower than that before the camp. CONCLUSIONS: Camping with advanced sleep and wake timing under natural sunlight advances children's circadian phases. However, DLMO earlier than sunset in an early waking condition may lead to large interindividual variability in the circadian rhythm phase.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Melatonina , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Fotoperíodo , Ritmo Circadiano , Sono , Luz
13.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276665, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36301820

RESUMO

This quasi-experimental research explores the relationship between participation in two-week summer camps and changes in children's altruism and self-esteem. Data were collected from 256 children aged 6 to 16 years. A self-reported altruism scale, a self-evaluation questionnaire and a temperament measure (EAS) were administered on two occasions either two weeks apart during the summer holidays or in class before and after the autumn holidays. The responses of 145 children attending summer camps were compared with those of 111 pupils. A significant increase in the altruism score was found between the pre-test and post-test in the camp condition, but no change in the children's self-esteem was found with the entire sample. Exploratory analyses suggest variables that may be associated with more favourable participation in summer camps; certain dimensions of temperament are among them, as well as factors related to the camps themselves. Differences in the increase of altruism and self-esteem scores in summer camp were observed according to the identified child profiles. The limitations of this work are highlighted before proposing perspectives for future research.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Emoções , Autoimagem , Criança , Humanos , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça , Altruísmo , Temperamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141676

RESUMO

This study attempts to contribute to improving the life of the elderly by empirically analyzing the factors affecting the psychological well-being of active seniors in the 'With COVID-19' era. To this end, the relationship between psychological well-being, health concern, and perceived risk of COVID-19 was verified for active seniors in Korea who enjoy camping. Two hundred and sixty-four valid questionnaires collected from active senior participants of "The Korea Camping Fair 2022" held in EXCO, Daegu, Korea, from 29 April to 1 May 2022, were analyzed. The main results were as follows. The health and psychological well-being of active seniors were higher than the normal level, and the perceived risk of COVID-19 was lower than the normal level. It was found that the health of active seniors had a positive effect on their psychological well-being. The perceived risk of COVID-19 was found to moderate the effect of health concern on psychological well-being. In conclusion, in order to improve the psychological well-being of active seniors, active leisure activities of the elderly are essential even in the COVID-19 situation, and various measures are needed to increase health. Not only this, but also, importantly, accurate information sharing on COVID-19 should be premised.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acampamento , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Public Health Rep ; 137(5): 1007-1012, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Overnight camps are a setting where COVID-19 can easily spread without the diligent use of layered public health interventions. We evaluated 20 camps in the United States to examine COVID-19 transmission and mitigation strategies during summer 2021. METHODS: For this descriptive cross-sectional study, we examined self-reported information from 20 camps in 6 predominantly northeastern states on geographic information, tests and testing cadences, vaccination rates, and number of COVID-19 cases during summer 2021. Because the camps had hired public health consultants to guide them on reducing COVID-19 introduction and spread, all camps implemented similar interventions, including encouraging behaviors that lower the risk of COVID-19 transmission prior to camp arrival, use of cohorts, testing before and after arrival, and strong encouragement of vaccination among eligible campers and staff members. RESULTS: A total of 9474 attendees at the 20 camps came from geographically diverse regions. Camps generally tested before and at arrival, as well as once or twice after arrival. Rates of vaccination were high among staff members (84.6%) and campers (76.2%). Camps identified 27 COVID-19 cases, with 17 (63.0%) detected after arrival, 3 (7.4%) detected on arrival, and 8 (29.6%) detected prior to arrival. CONCLUSIONS: The spread of cases detected after arrival to overnight camps was limited by the use of 3 key interventions: (1) high vaccination rates, (2) a rigorous and responsive testing strategy, and (3) ongoing use of public health interventions. These findings have implications for successful operation of overnight camps, residential schools and colleges, and other similar settings.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acampamento , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estações do Ano , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Pediatr Phys Ther ; 34(3): 421-424, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35639546

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Summer camps are a modality that addresses barriers to social interaction. Although there is a growing amount of evidence supporting camps for individuals with chronic illness, there is no known research on camp experiences for those who require ventilatory support. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of attending camp on self-esteem, social functioning, emotional functioning, and physical functioning for individuals who require ventilatory support. METHODS: Eleven participants completed the Pediatric Camp Outcome Measure via an online survey. RESULTS: This study found positive correlations between the number of years an individual attended the camp and his or her overall Pediatric Camp Outcome Measure score, as well as social functioning and physical functioning subscales. This study found positive correlations with questions in all subscales with the number of years attending camp. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that attending summer camp may positively impact the quality of life for individuals who require ventilatory support.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Child Care Health Dev ; 48(6): 956-962, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in the United States in the spring and summer of 2020, many organizations serving children and youth immediately faced significant operational and healthcare challenges. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance for the safe operation of youth programmes emphasized the importance of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), yet few studies have examined NPI usage in summer programmes such as camps. METHOD: This sequential explanatory mixed-methods study explored the utilization of NPIs among camp healthcare providers who completed an online questionnaire followed by one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: The study findings indicated that camps consistently used a core set of NPIs to maintain and protect the health of camp participants, including screening, cohorting, hand hygiene, sanitizing practices, ventilation and physical distancing. The study findings further identified specific practices of camp healthcare providers that made NPI utilization possible, as exemplified in the emergent themes of wellness promotion; health awareness and modelling; and camp health service mobilization. CONCLUSION: NPI usage benchmarks from this study, as well as effective practices for NPI utilization, can inform the application of NPIs and other health-promoting practices across diverse formal and informal youth settings.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Acampamento , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Criança , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Distanciamento Físico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0261833, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35020759

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, US public land managers faced the challenge of catering to large increases in camping demand, while maintaining social distancing guidelines. In this paper, we use multivariate linear regression to analyze weekly changes in reservations to US Forest Service (USFS) campgrounds between 2019 and 2020. The regression models estimate the impact of local COVID infection rates, public health restrictions, and spatial spillovers from proximity to National Parks (NPs), metropolitan areas and wildfire on camping demand. Our sample includes 1,688 individual USFS campgrounds from across the contiguous US. The results illustrate the dramatic increases in camping on USFS land that occurred in the summer of 2020 and demonstrate that increases in local infection rates led to significant increases in camping nights reserved in the summer. The results also illustrate that the increase in camping nights reserved at USFS campgrounds was particularly dramatic for campgrounds located near large metropolitan areas and near NPs that saw increases in overall recreational visits. These results point to the important role that public lands played during the pandemic and can help guide public land resource allocations for campground maintenance and operation.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Acampamento/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/virologia , Acampamento/tendências , Humanos , Parques Recreativos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Estações do Ano , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
J Community Psychol ; 50(2): 778-796, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358349

RESUMO

Nearly 30% of all U.S. youth attend summer camp each year, making it one of the broadest reaching out-of-school-time interventions in the country. Camp provides a space for seasonal employees, who are often emerging adults, to explore work values and identity, engage in mentoring and support opportunities, and stay connected to a community larger than themselves. However, research on camp experiences also suggests camp settings and expectations around emotional and physical care can cause counselors to experience burnout, compassion fatigue, and reduced job satisfaction. Using participatory culture-specific consultation, the current study addressed a gap in the literature about systemic interventions to manage camp counselor mental health by designing, implementing, and evaluating a mental health consultation model at one of the largest YMCA summer camps in the country. Results suggest the intervention effectively addressed certain administrator and staff needs; results also suggest the model could be refined to more effectively respond to the particular contextual challenges of summer camps. Implications and recommendations for other summer camps are discussed.


Assuntos
Acampamento , Tutoria , Adolescente , Adulto , Acampamento/psicologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde Mental , Encaminhamento e Consulta
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