Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.630
Filtrar
1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 1): 130596, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447823

RESUMO

This study introduces a novel approach to develop a multifunctional coating on cotton fabric, emphasizing the utilization of cotton fiber as a biological macromolecule, by integrating a TiO2@g-C3N4 layered structure to confer superhydrophobic properties and multiple functionalities. The engineered structure not only enhances fabric roughness but also incorporates non-fluoro hydrophobic agents, thereby imparting diverse capabilities such as photocatalysis, oil-water separation, and self-cleaning to the cotton substrate. Fabrication of the TiO2@g-C3N4 layered structure involved ultrasonic dispersion of TiO2 and g-C3N4, subsequently deposited onto cotton fabric. Sequential hydrophobic treatment with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) achieved superhydrophobicity, exhibiting an exceptional water contact angle (WCA) of 157.9°. Comprehensive characterization via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and thermogravimetric validated the composite's structural and chemical properties. The introduced TiO2@g-C3N4 structure significantly enhanced fabric roughness, while PDMS treatment lowered surface energy and IPDI hydrolysis facilitated cross-linking, ensuring durability. The resultant TiO2@g-C3N4/PDMS cotton exhibited outstanding self-cleaning properties and demonstrated oil adsorption capacity, accommodating both heavy and light oils. Notably, this superhydrophobic cotton efficiently separated water-oil mixtures, achieving 96.8 % efficiency even after 10 cycles. Moreover, under simulated light, it displayed outstanding photocatalytic degradation (93.2 %) of methylene blue while maintaining a WCA of 150° post-degradation, highlighting sustained functionality. This innovation holds promise for sustainable applications, offering robust physical and chemical durability within the realm of biological macromolecules. The amalgamation of TiO2@g-C3N4 layered structure and PDMS treatment on cotton fabric underscores a sustainable approach to address water-oil separation challenges and enable efficient self-cleaning. This research demonstrates a significant step towards sustainable material applications and addresses pertinent real-world challenges in diverse technological domains.


Assuntos
Fibra de Algodão , Água , Água/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Óleos
2.
J Oleo Sci ; 73(4): 583-591, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556291

RESUMO

In this study, it is demonstrated that natural microalgae oils, which contain fatty acid components including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), could be directly applied to fabricate vesicular structures in aqueous phase through a forced formation process. The microalgae oil vesicles had initial average diameters of 170- 230 nm with negative charges apparently caused by dissociation of the fatty acid components. The vesicles possessed excellent stability with lifetimes for at least 450 days. The formation of the vesicular structures with hydrophilic cores/regions was confirmed by the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image and successful encapsulation of a hydrophilic material. For encapsulation of a hydrophobic material, lutein, the vesicle size was increased probably due to the insertion of lutein into the hydrophobic vesicular bilayer structures. The analysis of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy suggested that the vesicular bilayer fluidity was decreased by encapsulating lutein. However, the lutein-encapsulating microalgae oil vesicles still possessed high stability and the vesicular structures could maintain intact even at an environmental temperature up to 60℃. Applicability of the microalgae oil vesicles as drug delivery carriers was also demonstrated by successful encapsulation of curcumin. However, when the loaded curcumin was increased to a certain amount, physical stability of the microalgae oil vesicles was significantly reduced. This is probably because the vesicular structures with only limited spaces for accommodating hydrophobic materials were strongly affected by encapsulating a large amount of curcumin. It is interesting to note that by adding egg L-α-phosphatidylcholine, the curcumin encapsulation-induced instability of the microalgae oil vesicles could be alleviated. The results indicated that vesicular structures could be fabricated from microalgae oils and the microalgae oil vesicles were capable of encapsulating hydrophilic or hydrophobic materials for drug delivery applications. The findings lay a background for further dosage form development of nutritional supplements encapsulated by natural microalgae oils.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Microalgas , Microalgas/química , Luteína , Óleos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 313: 124086, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442618

RESUMO

Synthetic antioxidants serve as essential protectors against oxidation and deterioration of edible oils, however, prudent evaluation is necessary regarding potential health risks associated with excessive intake. The direct adsorption of antioxidants onto conventional surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates is challenging due to the presence of phenolic hydroxyl groups in their molecular structures, resulting in weak Raman scattering signals and rendering direct SERS detection difficult. In this study, a diazo derivatization reaction was employed to enhance SERS signals by converting antioxidant molecules into azo derivatives, enabling the amplification of the weak Raman scattering signals through the strong vibrational modes induced by the N = N double bond. The resulting diazo derivatives were characterized using UV-visible absorption and infrared spectroscopy, confirming the occurrence of diazo derivatization of the antioxidants. The proposed method successfully achieved the rapid detection of three commonly used synthetic antioxidants, namely butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), and propyl gallate (PG) on interfacial self-assembled gold nanoparticles. Furthermore, rapid predictions of BHA, PG, and TBHQ within the concentration range of 1 × 10-6 to 2 × 10-3 mol/L were achieved by integrating a convolutional neural network model. The predictive range of this model surpassed the traditional quantitative method of manually selecting characteristic peaks, with linear coefficients (R2) of 0.9992, 0.9997, and 0.9997, respectively. The recovery of antioxidants in real soybean oil samples ranged from 73.0 % to 126.4 %. Based on diazo derivatization, the proposed SERS method eliminates the need for complex substrates and enables the analysis and determination of synthetic antioxidants in edible oils within 20 min, providing a convenient analytical approach for quality control in the food industry.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Hidroquinonas , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Antioxidantes/química , Ouro , Hidroxianisol Butilado/análise , Hidroxianisol Butilado/química , Galato de Propila/análise , Óleos
4.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 31(1): 144-146, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549489

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This case report describes a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ELP) resulting from the inhalation of a lipoid substance. Lipoid pneumonia, also known as cholesterol pneumonia or golden pneumonia, is an uncommon inflammatory lung disease characterized by the presence of lipid-laden macrophages in the alveolar walls and lung interstitial tissue. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia occurs when substances containing lipids enter the airways through aspiration or inhalation, triggering an inflammatory response. CASE REPORT: The patient in this case study was an 83-year-old woman with hypertension and diabetes mellitus who had been using paraffin oil as a mouthwash for an extended period. The diagnosis of exogenous lipoid pneumonia was established based on the patient's history of exposure to liquid paraffin oil, typical radiological findings, and histopathological examination.


Assuntos
Parafina , Pneumonia Lipoide , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pneumonia Lipoide/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Lipoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Óleo Mineral/toxicidade , Pulmão , Óleos/toxicidade
5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1720: 464804, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461770

RESUMO

Advanced chemical recycling techniques provide new avenues for handling and recycling mixed plastic waste; pyrolysis is a prominent approach involving heating plastic waste in an oxygen-free environment to create pyrolysis oils. Pyrolysis oils must be thoroughly characterized before being refined into fuels and chemical feedstocks. Here, a method based on supercritical fluid chromatography with ultraviolet detection was developed to analyze plastic waste pyrolysis oils. Multiple stationary phases were examined, and 2-ethyl pyridine was chosen as the best stationary phase for resolving pyrolysis oil components. Different standards and different plastic waste pyrolysis oils were compared across the different stationary phases. Up to three columns were serially coupled to increase efficiency and column capacity. It was found that a general method using ethanol as a modifier and two 2-ethyl pyridine columns could effectively resolve plastic waste pyrolysis oils. The potential for differentiating polyethylene and polypropylene feedstocks was demonstrated using principal component analysis.


Assuntos
Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico , Plásticos , Plásticos/química , Pirólise , Óleos/química , Piridinas
6.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 25(4): 67, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519767

RESUMO

Despite being discovered over five decades ago, little is still known about ivermectin. Ivermectin has several physico-chemical properties that can result in it having poor bioavailability. In this study, polymorphic and co-crystal screening was used to see if such solid-state modifications can improve the oil solubility of ivermectin. Span® 60, a lipophilic non-ionic surfactant, was chosen as co-former. The rationale behind attempting to improve oil solubility was to use ivermectin in future topical and transdermal preparations to treat a range of skin conditions like scabies and head lice. Physical mixtures were also prepared in the same molar ratios as the co-crystal candidates, to serve as controls. Solid-state characterization was performed using X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The FTIR spectra of the co-crystal candidates showed the presence of Span® 60's alkyl chain peaks, which were absent in the spectra of the physical mixtures. Due to the absence of single-crystal X-ray data, co-crystal formation could not be confirmed, and therefore these co-crystal candidates were referred to as co-processed crystalline solids. Following characterization, the solid-state forms, physical mixtures and ivermectin raw material were dissolved in natural penetration enhancers, i.e., avocado oil (AVO) and evening primrose oil (EPO). The co-processed solids showed increased oil solubility by up to 169% compared to ivermectin raw material. The results suggest that co-processing of ivermectin with Span® 60 can be used to increase its oil solubility and can be useful in the development of oil-based drug formulations.


Assuntos
Ivermectina , Óleos , Solubilidade , Difração de Raios X , Composição de Medicamentos , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos
7.
Behav Processes ; 216: 105014, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461866

RESUMO

Dogs are used for oil detection to support spill remediation and conservation, but little is known about the effects of weathering and aging of oil odorants on dogs' ability to generalize and discriminate unweathered oil from aged/weathered tar ball oil. Three dogs were trained to detect unweathered oil odorant using a three-alternative choice procedure and automated olfactometers. We evaluated dogs' ability to discriminate unweathered target oil from four different weathered/tar ball samples. All three dogs successfully discriminated the unweathered target oil from the four nontarget weathered oils with an accuracy of 96%, 97%, and 100%. After the oil discrimination test, dogs' ability to discriminate unweathered target oil from novel natural odorants on a beach (plastic bottle lid, bird feathers, and rocks) was tested in a novel discrimination test yielding an accuracy of 95%, 100%, and 100%. These data suggest dogs are successful in discriminating unweathered oil from weathered oil with explicit training.


Assuntos
Óleos , Cães Trabalhadores , Animais , Cães , Odorantes , Tempo (Meteorologia)
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 663: 591-600, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428116

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: The key feature of living cells is multicompartmentalization for enzymatic reactions. Artificial cell-like multicompartments with micro domains are appealing to mimic the biological counterparts. In addition, establishing a sustainable, efficient, and controllable reaction system for enzymatic hydrolysis is imperative for the production of natural fatty acids from animal and plant-based fats. EXPERIMENTS: Reverse Janus emulsion microreactors, i.e. (W1 + W2)/O, is constructed through directly using natural fats as continuous phase and aqueous two-phase solutions (ATPS) as inner phases. Enzyme is confined in the compartmented aqueous droplets dominated by the salt of Na2SO4 and polyethylene glycol (PEG). Enzyme catalyzed ester hydrolysis employed as a model reaction is performed under the conditions of agitation-free and mild temperature. Regulation of reaction kinetics is investigated by diverse droplet topology, composition of inner ATPS, and on-demand emulsification. FINDINGS: Excellent enzymatic activity toward hydrolysis of plant and animal oils achieves 88.5 % conversion after 3 h. Compartmented micro domains contribute to condense and organize the enzymes spatially. Timely removal of the products away from reaction sites of oil/water interface "pushed" the reaction forward. Distribution and transfer of enzyme in two aqueous lobes provide extra freedom in the regulation of hydrolysis kinetics, with equilibrium conversion controlled freely from 14.5 % to 88.5 %. Reversible "open" and "shut" of hydrolysis is acheived by on-demand emulsification and spontaneous demulsification. This paper paves the way to advancing progress in compartmentalized emulsion as a sustainable and high-efficiency platform for biocatalytic applications.


Assuntos
Óleos , Cloreto de Sódio , Animais , Hidrólise , Emulsões , Temperatura
9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(14): 8247-8256, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551065

RESUMO

The compound-specific determination of δ13C values [‰] by gas chromatography interfaced with isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-IRMS) is a powerful analytical method to indicate minute but relevant variations in the 13C/12C ratio of sample compounds. In this study, the δ13C values [‰] of individual sterols were measured in eleven different oils of C3, C4, and CAM plants (n = 33) by GC-IRMS. For this purpose, a suitable acetylation method was developed for sterols. Nine of the eleven phytosterols identified by GC with mass spectrometry (GC/MS) could be measured by GC-IRMS. The δ13C values [‰] of individual sterols and squalene of C3 plant oils were between 3‰ and >16‰ more negative (lighter in carbon) than in C4 and CAM oils. We also showed that the blending of C4 oils into C3 oils (exemplarily conducted with one olive and one corn oil) would be precisely determined by means of the δ13C value [‰] of ß-sitosterol.


Assuntos
Carbono , Fitosteróis , Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Esteróis , Plantas , Óleos
10.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 60: 247-253, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dietary intake is an important factor in the development and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) however, optimal food group composition remains unclear. Data on detailed food group intake of NAFLD patients from India is scarce. METHODS & MATERIALS: In this study with 320 participants (160 NAFLD cases and 160 controls), dietary habits were assessed using a 24-h dietary recall for two days and a validated 142-item food frequency questionnaire over the past year. Principal component analysis identified dietary patterns associated with NAFLD among the participants. RESULTS: Cases were having a significantly higher intake of edible oils and fats along with nuts and oilseeds as compared to controls (p < 0.05). There was a positive and significant association with edible oils and fats with NAFLD [OR (95 % CI):1.7 (1.11-2.49) p = 0.013). In dietary pattern analysis western dietary pattern was found to be a risk for NAFLD whereas protective dietary pattern was associated with the decreased risk of NAFLD. CONCLUSION: The overall food groups intake in NAFLD cases and controls was low suggesting lower diet quality. Protective dietary pattern found to be beneficial for NAFLD. High intake of sugars and edible oils associated with western dietary pattern increases the risk of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adulto , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dieta Ocidental/efeitos adversos , Óleos
11.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(2): e13316, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506169

RESUMO

Fats and oils are found in many food products; however, their macroscopic properties are difficult to predict, especially when blending different fats or oils together. With difficulties in sourcing specific fats or oils, whether due to availability or pricing, food companies may be required to find alternative sources for these ingredients, with possible differences in ingredient performance. Mathematical and computational modeling of these ingredients can provide a quick way to predict their properties, avoiding costly trials or manufacturing problems, while, most importantly, keeping the consumers happy. This review covers a range of mathematical models for triacylglycerides (TAGs) and fats, namely, models for the prediction of melting point, solid fat content, and crystallization temperature and composition. There are a number of models that have been designed for both TAGs and fats and which have been shown to agree very well with empirical measurements, using both kinetic and thermodynamic approaches, with models for TAGs being used to, in turn, predict fat properties. The last section describes computational models to simulate the behavior of TAGs using molecular dynamics (MD). Simulation of TAGs using MD, however, is still at an early stage, although the most recent papers on this topic are bringing this area up to speed.


Assuntos
Gorduras , Óleos , Gorduras/química , Cristalização , Temperatura , Simulação por Computador
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 922: 171279, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428597

RESUMO

Kuwaiti hypersaline soil samples were contaminated with 5 % (w/w) weathered Kuwaiti light crude oil and bioaugmented with autochthonous halophilic hydrocarbonoclastic archaeal and bacterial strains, two each, individually and as consortia. Residual oil contents were determined, and microbial communities were analyzed by culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches initially and seasonally for one year. After one year of the bioremediation process, the mean oil degradation rate was similar across all treated soils including the controlled unbioaugmented one. Oil hydrocarbons were drastically reduced in all soil samples with values ranging from 82.7 % to 93 %. During the bioremediation process, the number of culturable oil-degrading bacteria increased to a range of 142 to 344 CFUx104 g-1 after 12 months of bioaugmentation. Although culture-independent analysis showed a high proportion of inoculants initially, none could be cultured throughout the bioremediation procedure. Within a year, microbial communities changed continually, and 33 species of halotolerant/halophilic hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria were isolated and identified belonged mainly to the three major bacterial phyla Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Firmicutes. The archaeal phylum Halobacterota represented <1 % of the microbial community's relative abundance, which explains why none of its members were cultured. Improving the biodegradability of an already balanced environment by autochthonous bioaugmentation is more involved than just adding the proper oil degraders. This study emphasizes the possibility of a relatively large resistant population, a greater diversity of oil-degrading microorganisms, and the highly selective impacts of oil contamination on hypersaline soil bacterial communities.


Assuntos
Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Archaea/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Óleos , Bactérias/metabolismo , Petróleo/análise , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
13.
Biomolecules ; 14(3)2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540690

RESUMO

This study explores the impact of rotational frying of three different food products on degradation of sterols, as well as their migration between frying oils and food. The research addresses a gap in the existing literature, which primarily focuses on changes in fat during the frying of single food items, providing limited information on the interaction of sterols from the frying medium with those from the food product. The frying was conducted at 185 ± 5 °C for up to 10 days where French fries, battered chicken, and fish sticks were fried in succession. The sterol content was determined by Gas Chromatography. This research is the first to highlight the influence of the type of oil on sterol degradation in both oils and food. Notably, sterols were found to be most stable when food products were fried in high-oleic low-linolenic rapeseed oil (HOLLRO). High-oleic soybean oil (HOSO) exhibited higher sterol degradation than high-oleic rapeseed oil (HORO). It was proven that cholesterol from fried chicken and fish sticks did not transfer to the fried oils or French fries. Despite initially having the highest sterol content in fish, the lowest sterol amount was recorded in fried fish, suggesting rapid degradation, possibly due to prefrying in oil with a high sterol content, regardless of the medium used.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Fitosteróis , Animais , Óleo de Soja , Óleo de Brassica napus , Esteróis , Culinária/métodos , Óleos
14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(9): 4939-4946, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401060

RESUMO

The kinetics of lipid oxidation includes a lag phase followed by an exponential increase in oxidation products, which cause rancidity. Current models focus on the slope of this exponential curve for shelf-life estimation, which still requires the measurement of full oxidation kinetics. In this paper, we analyzed the formation of lipid oxidation products in stripped soybean oil containing different levels of α-tocopherol. The lag phases of lipid hydroperoxides and headspace hexanal formation were found to have a strong positive correlation with the α-tocopherol depletion time. We propose that the kinetics of antioxidant (α-tocopherol) depletion occur during the lag phase and could serve as an early shelf-life indicator. Our results showed that α-tocopherol degradation can be described by Weibull kinetics over a wide range of initial concentrations. Furthermore, we conducted in silico investigations using Monte Carlo simulations to critically evaluate the feasibility and sensitivity of the shelf-life prediction using early antioxidant degradation kinetics. Our results revealed that the shelf life of soybean oil may be accurately predicted as early as 20% of the overall shelf life. This innovative approach provides a more efficient and faster assessment of shelf life, ultimately reducing waste and enhancing product quality.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , alfa-Tocoferol , Óleo de Soja , Oxirredução , Óleos , Cinética
15.
Molecules ; 29(4)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398521

RESUMO

Oily sludge-derived activated carbon was prepared using the potassium hydroxide (KOH) activation method using oily sludge as a raw material, and one-factor experiments determined the best conditions for preparing activated carbon. The activated carbon's morphological structure and surface chemical properties were analyzed by scanning different characterization tools, and the adsorption behavior of tetracycline hydrochloride was investigated. The results showed that the optimum conditions for preparing oily sludge-derived activated carbon were an activation temperature of 400 °C, activation time of 30 min, activator concentration of 1 mol/L, and impregnation ratio of 2 mL/g. After activation, the activated carbon had more pores and a more orderly crystal structure arrangement, the specific surface area was 2.07 times higher than that before activation, and the surface was rich in functional groups such as -HO, -C-O, -C=C, and -C-H, which increased the active sites of activated carbon. Physicochemical effects dominated the adsorption process. It belonged to the spontaneous heat absorption process under the quasi-secondary kinetic and Langmuir isothermal models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of KOH-activated carbon was 205.1 mg·g-1.


Assuntos
Hidróxidos , Compostos de Potássio , Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Esgotos/química , Carvão Vegetal/química , Tetraciclina , Adsorção , Óleos , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
16.
Food Chem ; 443: 138596, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301566

RESUMO

Enzymatic glycerolysis is a biotechnological process for structuring vegetable oils. This study investigates the kinetics of glycerolysis of peanut oil and explores the potential of the resulting structured oil to enhance the physical stability of water-in-oil emulsions. Using a 1:1 glycerol-to-oil molar ratio and 4 % lipase B from Candida antarctica as a catalyst, the reaction was conducted at 65 °C with stirring at 400 rpm. Acylglyceride fractions changes were quantified through NMR and DSC. Fat crystal formation was observed using scanning electron microscopy. The results revealed a first-order decay pattern, converting triglycerides into monoacylglycerides and diacylglycerides in less than 16 h. Subsequently, water-in-oil emulsions prepared with glycerolized oil showed augmented stability through multiple light scattering techniques and visual assessment. The structured oils effectively delayed phase separation, highlighting the potential of glycerolysis in developing vegetable oil-based emulsions with improved functional properties and reduced saturated fatty acid content.


Assuntos
Óleos de Plantas , Água , Óleos de Plantas/química , Emulsões , Óleos , Glicerol/química , Ácidos Graxos/química
17.
Food Chem ; 445: 138702, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350200

RESUMO

Antarctic krill oil (AKO) is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), but is prone to oxidative degradation, resulting in the formation of oxylipins, which compromise AKO quality. Herein, we used reversed-phase-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS/MS) to perform qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses of oxylipins in AKO during storage. A total of 27 oxylipins were identified. A notable decrease in epoxy oxylipins (from 41.8 % to 26.9 % of the total oxylipins) was observed, whereas the content of dihydro oxylipins initially increased and then decreased with 48 h, as a pivotal point for AKO quality decline during storage. We suspected that the ratio of dihydroxyl and epoxy oxylipins could be a novel oxidative index to evaluate the oxidation of AKO. Statistical analysis allowed the identification of five oxylipins which showed unique correlations with various indexes. The findings discussed herein provide important new insights into mechanisms of oxidation occurring in AKO during storage.


Assuntos
Euphausiacea , Animais , Euphausiacea/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Oxilipinas , Óleos/química , Oxirredução
18.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 95(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376384

RESUMO

The incidence of infectious diseases has risen in recent years, leading to a significant surge in the demand for medical molecular detection. High-throughput molecular detection platforms play a crucial role in facilitating rapid and efficient molecular detection. Among the various techniques employed in high-throughput molecular detection, microliquid transfer stands out as one of the most frequently utilized methods. However, ensuring the accuracy of liquid transfer poses a challenge due to variations in the physical and chemical properties of different samples and reagents. In this study, a pipetting complementation model was developed specifically for the serum, paraffin oil, and throat swabs. The aim was to enhance the transfer accuracy of diverse liquids in the context of high-throughput molecular detection, ultimately ensuring detection reliability and stability. The experimental findings revealed notable improvements in pipetting accuracy after compensating for the three liquids. In particular, the pipetting error rates decreased by 52.5, 96, and 71.4% for serum, paraffin oil, and throat swabs, respectively. These results underscore the model's effectiveness in providing reliable support for the precise transfer of liquids on the high-throughput molecular detection platform.


Assuntos
Óleos , Parafina , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Food Funct ; 15(4): 2103-2114, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305429

RESUMO

This study aims to introduce a new liposome to co-load Antarctic krill oil (AKO) and quercetin (QC) as a new delivery formulation to enrich the application of AKO and QC. The stability of liposomes could be increased by adding an appropriate quantity of soy lecithin (SL). Changes in the composition of the phospholipid membrane were strongly correlated with the stability and release capacity of loaded nutrients. SL2@QC/AKO-lips displayed a nearly spherical shape with higher oxidative stability and controlled the in vitro release performance of QC in simulated digestion. Moreover, in vitro studies indicated that new liposomes had no adverse effects on cell viability and could combine the physiological functions of AKO and QC to protect the HepG2 cells from oleic acid-induced steatosis and oxidative stress. The findings demonstrated that the AKO and QC co-loaded liposomes prepared with the addition of an appropriate quantity of SL had excellent loading efficiency of AKO/QC and good oxidative stability, security and functional activity.


Assuntos
Euphausiacea , Lipossomos , Animais , Lipossomos/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ácido Oleico/farmacologia , Óleos/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Lecitinas
20.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120178, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310795

RESUMO

The treatment of oily wastewater has become a serious environmental challenge, for which graphene oxide has emerged as a promising material in solving the problem. The ever-growing utilization of graphene oxide (GO) in the treatment of oily wastewater necessitates a constant review. This review article employs a comprehensive literature survey methodology, systematically examining peer-reviewed articles, focusing on, but not entirely limited to, the last five years. Major databases such as EBSCOhost, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched using specific keywords related to GO and oily wastewater treatment. The inclusion criteria focused on studies that specifically address the application, efficiency, and mechanisms of GO in treating oily wastewater. The data extracted from these sources were then synthesized to highlight the most important developments, challenges, and prospects in this field. As far as oily wastewater treatment is concerned, the majority of the studies revolve around the use of GO in mitigating fouling in membrane processes, improving the stability, capacity and reusability of sorbents, and enhancing photodegradation by minimizing charge recombination.


Assuntos
Grafite , Purificação da Água , Águas Residuárias , Óleos , Purificação da Água/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...