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1.
Cutis ; 106(5): 265-267, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465192

RESUMO

Mercury poisoning is a rare event that can present with a variety of nonspecific systemic symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose. Dermatologic manifestations of mercury exposure may be variable and include pink disease (acrodynia), mercury exanthem, contact dermatitis, and cutaneous granulomas. We present the case of an 18-year-old woman with a palmoplantar eruption associated with tachycardia, hyperhidrosis, myalgia, paresthesia, and muscle fasciculations. Physical examination demonstrated poorly demarcated pink macules coalescing into patches on the left palm, right wrist, and soles. A punch biopsy was nonspecific, showing acanthosis and orthokeratosis with mild inflammation. Elevated urine and serum mercury levels confirmed a diagnosis of mercury poisoning. This case highlights the importance of consideration of mercury poisoning in the differential diagnosis for acral eruptions, especially in the presence of systemic symptoms and known risk factors.


Assuntos
Acrodinia , Exantema , Intoxicação por Mercúrio , Acrodinia/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Pele
2.
Turk J Pediatr ; 61(5): 786-790, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105014

RESUMO

Paç Kisaarslan A, Sözeri B, Bastug F, Gündüz Z, Yel S, Nalçacioglu H, Sahin N, Özdemir Çiçek S, Poyrazoglu H, Düsünsel R. Elemental mercury intoxication in 7 patients admitted to a pediatric rheumatology clinic. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 786-790. Mercury (Hg) is a toxic heavy metal that can be classified into three groups; organic (methyl), inorganic (mercuric), and elemental (metallic) mercury(Hg0). Mercury intoxication occurs mostly with the elemental form which can potentially damage the function of any organ, or any subcellular structure. The target organ of mercury is the brain, but peripheral nerve function, renal function, immune function, endocrine and muscle function, and several types of dermatitis have been described. We present 7 patients admitted to a pediatric rheumatology clinic with severe extremity pain. One of the patients had acrodynia, two of them had hypertension, two of them had tubulopathy, and three of them had neuropathy. The treatments were Dimercaptosuccinic acid and metalcaptase. In this report, we emphasize that mercury intoxication should be kept in mind with unexplained extremity pain. Timely diagnosis and treatment may prevent severe morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Acrodinia/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/terapia , Reumatologia
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 66(31): 8328-8335, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30004220

RESUMO

The conversion of nonedible biomass to protein for use in feed is an attractive strategy toward improved sustainability in aquaculture. We have studied the possibility to produce protein-rich yeast Candida utilis on a medium consisting of enzymatically hydrolyzed sulphite-pulped spruce wood, mainly providing glucose, and enzymatically hydrolyzed brown seaweed, supplemented with ammonium sulfate. The results show that this blend constitutes a complete fermentation medium that enables good growth rates and cell yields. Results from a salmon feeding trial showed that the yeast can replace parts of a traditional fishmeal diet without harmful effects, although the apparent protein digestibility coefficient for the yeast was suboptimal. While further optimization of both the fermentation process and downstream processing is needed, the present proof-of-concept study shows a path to the production of microbial protein based on a simple, local and sustainable fermentation medium.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/microbiologia , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida/metabolismo , Alga Marinha/metabolismo , Madeira/metabolismo , Acrodinia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Meios de Cultura , Proteínas Fúngicas/biossíntese , Noruega , Picea , Salmão/crescimento & desenvolvimento
4.
NOVA publ. cient ; 14(26): 63-75, July-Dec. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-955169

RESUMO

Objetivo. Identificar las variables de conducta de enfermedad en una muestra de pacientes colombianos con Hemofilia A y comparar los resultados de grupos (con dolor crónico y sin dolor crónico) para un análisis de relaciones entre variables. Método. El enfoque fue cuantitativo y su diseño transversal; la metodología empleada fue ex post facto de tipo retrospectiva. Para el análisis estadístico se hizo una comparación de grupos (sin dolor crónico y con dolor crónico). El factor de conducta de enfermedad se evaluó a través del Cuestionario de Conducta de Enfermedad de Ballester y Botella del año 1993. Los resultados obtenidos mediante la prueba T, la correlación de Spearman, la prueba U de Mann-Whitney y la Curva de ROC. Resultados. Se evaluaron veintisiete sujetos con diagnóstico de Hemofilia A con un rango de edad entre 19 y 55 años. Diecisiete sujetos conformaron el grupo con dolor crónico y diez sujetos el grupo sin dolor crónico. En conclusión se hallaron asociaciones significativas entre el dolor crónico y las variables relacionadas a inestabilidad emocional, así como correlaciones positivas con resultados de investigaciones previas sobre la caracterización de la población con hemofilia.


Objective. To Identify the variables of illness behavior in a sample of Colombian patients with hemophilia A and to compare the results of groups (with chronic pain and without chronic pain chronic) for an analysis of relationships between variables. Methods. The approach was quantitative and its cross-sectional design. The methodology used was ex post facto retrospective type. A comparison groups (without chronic pain and chronic pain) was done for the statistical analysis. The disease behavior factor was evaluated through the Ballester and Botella Disease Questionnaire Conduct of 1993. The results obtained by the T-test, the Spearman correlation, the Mann-Whitney U test and the ROC curve. Results. Twenty-seven subjects diagnosed with haemophilia A diagnosed with a age range between 19 and 55 years were evaluated. Seventeen subjects formed the group with chronic pain and ten subjects the group without chronic pain. In conclusion, we found significant associations between chronic pain and variables related to emotional instability, as well as positive correlations with results of previous research on the characterization of the population with hemophilia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Hemofilia A , Acrodinia , Dor Crônica , Hematologia
5.
Dermatol Online J ; 22(3)2016 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27136627

RESUMO

Acrodynia is a reaction that occurs in children who have been exposed to mercury. Mercury toxicity has systemic manifestations as well as cutaneous manifestations, which can appear similar to those found in a number of other diseases. We present a case of acrodynia caused by mercury exposure in a previously healthy 5-year-old girl who developed hypertension, palmoplantar pruritus, and a papulovesicular eruption.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/diagnóstico , Dermatoses do Pé/diagnóstico , Dermatoses da Mão/diagnóstico , Acrodinia/complicações , Acrodinia/patologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Dermatoses do Pé/patologia , Dermatoses da Mão/patologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/patologia , Pele/patologia
6.
Rev cienc med Habana ; 19(2)2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-55317

RESUMO

Introducción: el SWIFT es un índice creado para predecir eventos adversos reingresos y mortalidad oculta tras el alta de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad de la escala pronóstica SWIFT en la predicción de eventos adversos tras el alta de la unidad. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de cohorte en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos polivalente 8B del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, de provincia La Habana, en el periodo comprendido desde el 1ro de marzo de 2009 hasta el 28 de febrero de 2011. Los pacientes fueron divididos en dos grupos según el resultado de la escala: < 15 puntos y otro con ≥ 15, evaluándose la ocurrencia de mortalidad oculta y reingresos. Como variables principales se midieron: la mortalidad, los eventos adversos, la puntuación de la escala SAPS- 3 y la comparación de ésta con la escala SWIFT. Resultados: La escala SWIFT resultó ser útil en la predicción de eventos adversos tras el alta de UCI sin discriminar en el tiempo. La mayor puntuación de SAPS-3 al ingreso se correspondió con un mayor valor del Índice de SWIFT al egreso de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos.Conclusiones: los pacientes egresados de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos con una puntuación SWIFT ≥15 puntos presentaron una estadía discretamente superior aquellos con SWIFT‹15 puntos no teniendo relevancia estadística (AU)


Introduction: SWIFT is an index created to predict adverse events (readmissions and hidden mortality) after discharge from the ICU.Objective: to evaluate the usefulness of the SWIFT prognostic scale in predicting adverse events after unit discharge.Methods: It was conducted a cohort study in Unit 8B Polyvalent Intensive Care Unit of Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital, of Havana province, in the period from March 1st, 2009 until February 28, 2011. The patients were divided into two groups according to the result of the scale: <15 points and another with ≥ 15, evaluating the occurrence of hidden mortality and readmissions. As main variables it was measured: mortality, adverse events, the SAPS- 3 scale score and its comparison with the SWIFT scale.Results: the SWIFT scale proved to be useful in predicting adverse events after discharge from the ICU without discriminating over time. The highest SAPS-3 score on admission corresponded to a higher value of the SWIFT Index at discharge from Intensive Care Unit.Conclusions: patients discharged from the ICU with a SWIFT score ≥ 15 points presented a slightly higher stay than those with SWIFT <15 points having no statistical significance.


Assuntos
Acrodinia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
7.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-731382

RESUMO

Introducción: el SWIFT es un índice creado para predecir eventos adversos reingresos y mortalidad oculta tras el alta de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad de la escala pronóstica SWIFT en la predicción de eventos adversos tras el alta de la unidad. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de cohorte en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos polivalente 8B del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, de provincia La Habana, en el periodo comprendido desde el 1ro de marzo de 2009 hasta el 28 de febrero de 2011. Los pacientes fueron divididos en dos grupos según el resultado de la escala: < 15 puntos y otro con ≥ 15, evaluándose la ocurrencia de mortalidad oculta y reingresos. Como variables principales se midieron: la mortalidad, los eventos adversos, la puntuación de la escala SAPS- 3 y la comparación de ésta con la escala SWIFT. Resultados: La escala SWIFT resultó ser útil en la predicción de eventos adversos tras el alta de UCI sin discriminar en el tiempo. La mayor puntuación de SAPS-3 al ingreso se correspondió con un mayor valor del Índice de SWIFT al egreso de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos.Conclusiones: los pacientes egresados de la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos con una puntuación SWIFT ≥15 puntos presentaron una estadía discretamente superior aquellos con SWIFT‹15 puntos no teniendo relevancia estadística


Introduction: SWIFT is an index created to predict adverse events (readmissions and hidden mortality) after discharge from the ICU.Objective: to evaluate the usefulness of the SWIFT prognostic scale in predicting adverse events after unit discharge.Methods: It was conducted a cohort study in Unit 8B Polyvalent Intensive Care Unit of Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital, of Havana province, in the period from March 1st, 2009 until February 28, 2011. The patients were divided into two groups according to the result of the scale: <15 points and another with ≥ 15, evaluating the occurrence of hidden mortality and readmissions. As main variables it was measured: mortality, adverse events, the SAPS- 3 scale score and its comparison with the SWIFT scale.Results: the SWIFT scale proved to be useful in predicting adverse events after discharge from the ICU without discriminating over time. The highest SAPS-3 score on admission corresponded to a higher value of the SWIFT Index at discharge from Intensive Care Unit.Conclusions: patients discharged from the ICU with a SWIFT score ≥ 15 points presented a slightly higher stay than those with SWIFT <15 points having no statistical significance.


Assuntos
Acrodinia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
8.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 28(8): 812-4, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22863825

RESUMO

Mercury intoxication is an uncommon cause of hypertension in children and can mimic several other diseases, such as pheochromocytoma and vasculitis. Mercury intoxication can present as a diagnostic challenge because levels of catecholamines may be elevated, suggesting that the etiology is a catecholamine-secreting tumor. Once acrodynia is identified as a primary symptom, a 24-hour urine mercury level can confirm the diagnosis. Inclusion of mercury intoxication in the differential diagnosis early on can help avoid unnecessary and invasive diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions. We discuss a case of mercury intoxication in a 3-year-old girl presenting with hypertension and acrodynia, without a known history of exposure. Chelation therapy successfully treated our patient's mercury intoxication. However, it was also necessary to concurrently treat her hypertension and the pain associated with her acrodynia. Because there were no known risk factors for mercury poisoning in this case, and because ritual use of mercury is common in much of the United States, we recommend high clinical suspicion and subsequent testing in all cases of acrodynia.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/etiologia , Compostos de Mercúrio/efeitos adversos , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Acrodinia/etiologia , Acrodinia/terapia , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , Catecolaminas/análise , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Terapia por Quelação , Pré-Escolar , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exantema/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/terapia , Compostos de Mercúrio/urina , Succímero/uso terapêutico , Taquicardia/etiologia
10.
Autoimmun Rev ; 11(12): 903-8, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22498790

RESUMO

Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate kinase C (ITPKC), rs28493229, was found to passively confer susceptibility for Kawasaki syndrome (KS) and subsequent coronary arterial lesions. This association is believed to be the result of defective phosphorylation of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3), which releases calcium from intracellular stores, resulting from reduced genetic expression of ITPKC in carriers of the SNP. Reduced ITPKC activity would increase IP3 levels, and thus, increase calcium release. We hypothesized that an environmental agent which influences IP3-mediated calcium release is potentiated by the ITPKC SNP. This led us to an attractive candidate, thimerosal, an organomercurial medical preservative still used in several pediatric vaccines. Thimerosal is well-known to sensitize IP3 receptors via its induction of oxidative stress, resulting in enhanced release of intracellular calcium with distinctive consequences for various cell types. Dysregulated calcium signaling in T cells and other immune cells can result in autoimmunity, while hyperpolarization of vascular smooth muscle cells secondary to the stimulation of calcium-activated potassium channels can result in increased vascular permeability and arterial relaxation. We propose that ITPKC susceptibility in KS is related to its synergy with environmental triggers, such as thimerosal, which alter calcium homeostasis and promote oxidative stress. Therefore, carriers of the ITPKC SNP are more susceptible to thimerosal-induced autoimmunity and coronary arterial lesions observed in KS. This would explain why only a susceptible subset of children develops KS although pediatric thimerosal exposure is nearly universal due to vaccination. As was experienced with the infantile acrodynia epidemic, only 1 in 500 children developed the disease although pediatric mercury exposure was nearly ubiquitous due to the use calomel teething powders. This hypothesis also mirrors the current leading theory for KS in which a widespread infection only induces the disease in susceptible children. We conclude that KS may be the acute febrile form of acrodynia.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/imunologia , Vasos Coronários/imunologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/imunologia , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , Acrodinia/genética , Autoimunidade , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade Capilar/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Timerosal/efeitos adversos , Timerosal/farmacologia
11.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 29(2): 199-201, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22409470

RESUMO

Acrodynia, also known as pink disease, erythredema polyneuropathy, Feer syndrome, and raw-beef hands and feet, is thought to be a toxic reaction to elemental mercury and less commonly to organic and inorganic forms. Occurring commonly in the early 20th century, acrodynia is now a seemingly extinct disease in the modern world because of regulations to eliminate mercury from personal care products, household items, medications, and vaccinations. We present a case of a 3-year-old girl with acrodynia secondary to toxic exposure to elemental mercury in the home environment.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/etiologia , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Acrodinia/diagnóstico , Acrodinia/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Terapia por Quelação , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Mercúrio/urina , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/tratamento farmacológico , Succímero/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 31(2): 193-6, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21803782

RESUMO

Elemental mercury (Hg) is the only metal which evaporates in room temperature and its inhalation may cause toxicity. Hg poisoning may occur by mishandling the metal, particularly in children who play with it. Wide-spectrum of the clinical presentations of chronic Hg poisoning may cause misdiagnosis, particularly when history of exposure is unknown. We report two cases of accidental Hg poisoning, which initially had been diagnosed and treated for brucellosis. The patients were two brothers (7 and 14 years old) who presented with pain in their lower extremities, sweating, salivation, weight loss, anorexia and mood changes on admission. Meticulous history taking revealed that they had played with a ball of Hg since 3 months before admission. The level of urinary Hg was 125.9 and 54.2 9 g/L in the younger and older brother, respectively (normal ≤25 g/L). The patients were successfully treated by dimercaprol and discharged in good condition 24 days after admission. These cases are being reported to emphasize the importance of acrodynia as a differential diagnosis for brucellosis in endemic areas.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/diagnóstico , Acrodinia/tratamento farmacológico , Acrodinia/urina , Adolescente , Brucelose/tratamento farmacológico , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Terapia por Quelação , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dimercaprol/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Mercúrio
13.
Australas J Dermatol ; 52(4): e5-7, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22070717

RESUMO

Mercury poisoning was once common in the 19th century. With its declining use, now clinicians and the public in general are often unaware and unsuspecting of mercury toxicity. A 40-year-old woman and her two children were hospitalized with a 1-week history of a generalized lichenoid eruption. Clinical improvement occurred without a diagnosis; however, on returning home, features of acrodynia with digital gangrene developed in the woman, leading to suspicion of heavy metal poisoning. There was no recurrence after moving from their contaminated house.


Assuntos
Erupções Liquenoides/etiologia , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Acrodinia/etiologia , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Dedos/patologia , Gangrena/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/patologia
14.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; 74(18): 1185-94, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21797771

RESUMO

Pink disease (infantile acrodynia) was especially prevalent in the first half of the 20th century. Primarily attributed to exposure to mercury (Hg) commonly found in teething powders, the condition was developed by approximately 1 in 500 exposed children. The differential risk factor was identified as an idiosyncratic sensitivity to Hg. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have also been postulated to be produced by Hg. Analogous to the pink disease experience, Hg exposure is widespread yet only a fraction of exposed children develop an ASD, suggesting sensitivity to Hg may also be present in children with an ASD. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that individuals with a known hypersensitivity to Hg (pink disease survivors) may be more likely to have descendants with an ASD. Five hundred and twenty-two participants who had previously been diagnosed with pink disease completed a survey on the health outcomes of their descendants. The prevalence rates of ASD and a variety of other clinical conditions diagnosed in childhood (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, Fragile X syndrome, and Down syndrome) were compared to well-established general population prevalence rates. The results showed the prevalence rate of ASD among the grandchildren of pink disease survivors (1 in 22) to be significantly higher than the comparable general population prevalence rate (1 in 160). The results support the hypothesis that Hg sensitivity may be a heritable/genetic risk factor for ASD.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/genética , Transtornos Globais do Desenvolvimento Infantil/epidemiologia , Saúde da Família , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Transtornos Globais do Desenvolvimento Infantil/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos Globais do Desenvolvimento Infantil/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Venenos/toxicidade , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Hong Kong Med J ; 15(1): 61-4, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19197099

RESUMO

An infant presented with failure to thrive and developmental regression. Physical examination revealed an irritable child with swollen, erythematous extremities, and elevated blood pressure. Extensive investigations, including a metabolic work-up and neuroimaging, were unrevealing. Exposure to self-purchased medication was initially denied. The physical signs were suggestive of acrodynia. Mercury poisoning was ultimately established by measuring paired blood and urine mercury levels. On further enquiry, it was revealed that the child had been given a Chinese medicinal product for 4 months. He responded well to a chelating agent. Acrodynia is a childhood disease considered to be of historical interest only, but making a diagnosis of mercury poisoning is rewarding because the response to treatment is good. This case highlights the common misconception that alternative medicines are safe and benign.


Assuntos
Acrodinia , Terapias Complementares/efeitos adversos , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência de Crescimento/induzido quimicamente , Intoxicação por Mercúrio , Acrodinia/sangue , Acrodinia/etiologia , Acrodinia/urina , Hong Kong , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/sangue , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/fisiopatologia , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/urina
17.
Curr Med Chem ; 15(28): 3000-10, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19075648

RESUMO

A superantigen or autoimmunity has been hypothesized to be the main cause of the Kawasaki's Disease but the etiology is unknown. Medical literature, epidemiological findings, and some case reports have suggested that mercury may play a pathogenic role. Several patients with Kawasaki's Disease have presented with elevated urine mercury levels compared to matched controls. Most symptoms and diagnostic criteria which are seen in children with acrodynia, known to be caused by mercury, are similar to those seen in Kawasaki's Disease. Genetic depletion of glutathione S-transferase , a susceptibility marker for Kawasaki's Disease, is known to be also a risk factor for acrodynia and may also increase susceptibility to mercury . Coinciding with the largest increase (1985-1990) of thimerosal (49.6% ethyl mercury) in vaccines, routinely given to infants in the U.S. by 6 months of age (from 75microg to 187.5microg), the rates of Kawasaki's Disease increased ten times, and, later (1985-1997), by 20 times. Since 1990 88 cases of patients developing Kawasaki's Disease some days after vaccination have been reported to the Centers of Disease Control (CDC) including 19% manifesting symptoms the same day. The presented pathogenetic model may lead to new preventive- and therapeutic strategies for Kawasaki's disease.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/etiologia , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/etiologia , Acrodinia/epidemiologia , Acrodinia/urina , Pré-Escolar , Amálgama Dentário/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Etilmercúrio/toxicidade , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/toxicidade , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/urina , Timerosal/toxicidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
18.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 22(6): 903-6, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17310361

RESUMO

A 2-year-old girl presented with hypertension, anorexia and vomiting, restlessness, insomnia and acrodynia. Her blood pressure upon arrival was 145/98 mmHg. Ultrasound of the abdomen, CT scan of chest, abdomen and pelvis, and echocardiogram, were normal. Urinary levels of catecholamines were elevated, urine level of mercury was found to be high (33.2 microg/g creatinine), although blood level was normal (>0.5 microg/dl, reference value 0-4 microg/dl). Following a 1-month course of oral treatment with dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) the child's symptoms and signs resolved, and urinary mercury and catecholamines levels normalized. Mercury intoxication should be suspected in a patient with severe hypertension, personality changes and acrodynia. Normal blood levels of mercury do not exclude this diagnosis, and catecholamine levels may serve as a surrogate marker for confirmation of the diagnosis and to evaluate response to treatment.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Acrodinia/etiologia , Antídotos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/urina , Catecolaminas/urina , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Mercúrio/urina , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/urina , Succímero/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Toxicol (Phila) ; 44(1): 85-8, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16496500

RESUMO

Mercury vapor poisoning is a serious and potentially fatal problem. Neurological manifestations involving the central nervous system are seen with chronic mercury intoxication. We present the case of a 10-year-old child who demonstrated acrodynia, seizures, and visual impairment following 20 days of exposure to elemental mercury at home. The initial blood mercury concentration was 27.7 microg/L (normal <2 microg/L) and the initial 24-hour urine mercury concentration was 34.4 microg/L (normal =10 microg/L). After 9 months of treatment with D-penicillamine, the patient's clinical condition, biochemical laboratory parameters, and mercury concentrations all returned to normal. The T2-weighted MRI images of the patient's brain initially showed multiple hyperintense lesions in cerebral white matter, left globus pallidus, and putamen, which also improved.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/patologia , Acrodinia/tratamento farmacológico , Acrodinia/etiologia , Acrodinia/patologia , Antídotos/uso terapêutico , Quelantes/uso terapêutico , Criança , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação , Masculino , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/complicações , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/tratamento farmacológico , Penicilamina/uso terapêutico , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Transtornos da Visão/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Visão/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Visão/patologia
20.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 21(3): 254-9, 2004.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15165207

RESUMO

A3-year-old boy presented to the Hospital for Sick Children with systemic symptoms and oropharyngeal and peripheral extremity changes suggestive of Kawasaki disease. He was found to have severe hypertension. Investigation for a catecholamine-secreting tumor was negative. Toxins were considered when the patient's 20-month-old brother presented with similar symptoms, and the boys were subsequently diagnosed with elemental mercury poisoning. We review the literature on mercury intoxication and discuss the historical context, clinical syndrome (acrodynia), treatment, and radiologic findings of this unusual diagnosis.


Assuntos
Acrodinia/etiologia , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino
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