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1.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 60(4): 200-206, abr.2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232041

RESUMO

Background: HIV can infect bronchial epithelial cells rendering individuals susceptible to lung damage. Our objective was to determine the effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on pulmonary function tests. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis after conducting a literature search in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Virtual Health Library databases from inception to December 31st, 2022. We employed the inverse variance method with a random effects model to calculate the effect estimate as the mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI). We calculated the heterogeneity with the I2 statistic and performed a meta-regression analysis by age, sex, smoking, CD4 T-cells count and antiretroviral therapy. We also conducted a sensitivity analysis according to the studies’ publication date, and excluding the study with the greatest weight in the effect. The PROSPERO registry number was CRD42023401105. Results: The meta-analysis included 20 studies, with 7621 living with HIV and 7410 control participants. The pooled MD (95%CI) for the predicted percentage of FEV1, FVC and DLCO were −3.12 (−5.17, −1.06); p=0.003, −1.51 (−3.04, 0.02); p=0.05, and −5.26 (−6.64, −3.87); p<0.001, respectively. The pooled MD for FEV1/FVC was −0.01 (−0.02, −0.01); p=0.002. In all cases, there was a considerable heterogeneity. The meta-regression analysis showed that among studies heterogeneity was not explained by patient age, smoking, CD4 T-cells count or antiretroviral therapy. Conclusion: Pulmonary function tests are impaired in people living with HIV, independently of age, smoking, CD4 T-cells count, and geographical region. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , HIV , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Brônquios , Pulmão , Heterogeneidade Genética , Tabagismo , Contagem de Células
2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3288, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627401

RESUMO

Lactation insufficiency affects many women worldwide. During lactation, a large portion of mammary gland alveolar cells become polyploid, but how these cells balance the hyperproliferation occurring during normal alveologenesis with terminal differentiation required for lactation is unknown. Here, we show that DNA damage accumulates due to replication stress during pregnancy, activating the DNA damage response. Modulation of DNA damage levels in vivo by intraductal injections of nucleosides or DNA damaging agents reveals that the degree of DNA damage accumulated during pregnancy governs endoreplication and milk production. We identify a mechanism involving early mitotic arrest through CDK1 inactivation, resulting in a heterogeneous alveolar population with regards to ploidy and nuclei number. The inactivation of CDK1 is mediated by the DNA damage response kinase WEE1 with homozygous loss of Wee1 resulting in decreased endoreplication, alveologenesis and milk production. Thus, we propose that the DNA damage response to replication stress couples proliferation and endoreplication during mammary gland alveologenesis. Our study sheds light on mechanisms governing lactogenesis and identifies non-hormonal means for increasing milk production.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas , Gravidez , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Endorreduplicação , Glândulas Mamárias Animais , Lactação/genética , Leite
3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18299, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613355

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disorder affecting the lungs that involves the overexpressed extracellular matrix, scarring and stiffening of tissue. The repair of lung tissue after injury relies heavily on Type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEII), and repeated damage to these cells is a crucial factor in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Studies have demonstrated that chronic exposure to PM2.5, a form of air pollution, leads to an increase in the incidence and severity of pulmonary fibrosis by stimulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in lung epithelial cells. Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a bioactive compound found naturally that exhibits potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The mechanism by which PQQ prevents pulmonary fibrosis caused by exposure to PM2.5 through EMT has not been thoroughly discussed until now. In the current study, we discovered that PQQ successfully prevented PM2.5-induced pulmonary fibrosis by targeting EMT. The results indicated that PQQ was able to inhibit the expression of type I collagen, a well-known fibrosis marker, in AEII cells subjected to long-term PM2.5 exposure. We also found the alterations of cellular structure and EMT marker expression in AEII cells with PM2.5 incubation, which were reduced by PQQ treatment. Furthermore, prolonged exposure to PM2.5 considerably reduced cell migratory ability, but PQQ treatment helped in reducing it. In vivo animal experiments indicated that PQQ could reduce EMT markers and enhance pulmonary function. Overall, these results imply that PQQ might be useful in clinical settings to prevent pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Cofator PQQ/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Material Particulado/toxicidade
4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(16): e2400077121, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598345

RESUMO

Type 2 alveolar epithelial cells (AEC2s) are stem cells in the adult lung that contribute to lower airway repair. Agents that promote the selective expansion of these cells might stimulate regeneration of the compromised alveolar epithelium, an etiology-defining event in several pulmonary diseases. From a high-content imaging screen of the drug repurposing library ReFRAME, we identified that dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors, widely used type 2 diabetes medications, selectively expand AEC2s and are broadly efficacious in several mouse models of lung damage. Mechanism of action studies revealed that the protease DPP4, in addition to processing incretin hormones, degrades IGF-1 and IL-6, essential regulators of AEC2 expansion whose levels are increased in the luminal compartment of the lung in response to drug treatment. To selectively target DPP4 in the lung with sufficient drug exposure, we developed NZ-97, a locally delivered, lung persistent DPP4 inhibitor that broadly promotes efficacy in mouse lung damage models with minimal peripheral exposure and good tolerability. This work reveals DPP4 as a central regulator of AEC2 expansion and affords a promising therapeutic approach to broadly stimulate regenerative repair in pulmonary disease.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Animais , Camundongos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças
5.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 126, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with a five-year survival rate of less than 40%. There is significant variability in survival time among IPF patients, but the underlying mechanisms for this are not clear yet. METHODS AND RESULTS: We collected single-cell RNA sequence data of 13,223 epithelial cells taken from 32 IPF patients and bulk RNA sequence data from 456 IPF patients in GEO. Based on unsupervised clustering analysis at the single-cell level and deconvolution algorithm at bulk RNA sequence data, we discovered a special alveolar type 2 cell subtype characterized by high expression of CCL20 (referred to as ATII-CCL20), and found that IPF patients with a higher proportion of ATII-CCL20 had worse prognoses. Furthermore, we uncovered the upregulation of immune cell infiltration and metabolic functions in IPF patients with a higher proportion of ATII-CCL20. Finally, the comprehensive decision tree and nomogram were constructed to optimize the risk stratification of IPF patients and provide a reference for accurate prognosis evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study by integrating single-cell and bulk RNA sequence data from IPF patients identified a special subtype of ATII cells, ATII-CCL20, which was found to be a risk cell subtype associated with poor prognosis in IPF patients. More importantly, the ATII-CCL20 cell subtype was linked with metabolic functions and immune infiltration.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma
6.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 969: 176459, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438063

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal and insidious interstitial lung disease. So far, there are no effective drugs for preventing the disease process. Cellular senescence plays a critical role in the development of IPF, with the senescence and insufficient mitophagy of alveolar epithelial cells being implicated in its pathogenesis. Tetrandrine is a natural alkaloid which is now produced synthetically. It was known that the tetrandrine has anti-fibrotic effects, but the efficacy and mechanisms are still not well evaluated. Here, we reveal the roles of tetrandrine on AECs senescence and the antifibrotic effects by using a bleomycin challenged mouse model of pulmonary fibrosis and a bleomycin-stimulated mouse alveolar epithelial cell line (MLE-12). We performed the ß-galactosidase staining, immunohistochemistry and fluorescence to assess senescence in MLE-12 cells. The mitophagy levels were detected by co-localization of LC3 and COVIX. Our findings indicate that tetrandrine suppressed bleomycin-induced fibroblast activation and ultimately blocked the increase of collagen deposition in mouse model lung tissue. It has significantly inhibited the bleomycin-induced senescence and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) in alveolar epithelial cells (AECs). Mechanistically, tetrandrine suppressed the decrease of mitochondrial autophagy-related protein expression to rescue the bleomycin-stimulated impaired mitophagy in MLE-12 cells. We revealed that knockdown the putative kinase 1 (PINK1) gene by a short interfering RNA (siRNA) could abolish the ability of tetrandrine and reverse the MLE-12 cells senescence, which indicated the mitophagy of MLE-12 cells is PINK1 dependent. Our data suggest the tetrandrine could be a novel and effective drug candidate for lung fibrosis and senescence-related fibrotic diseases.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Benzilisoquinolinas , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Camundongos , Animais , Mitofagia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Senescência Celular , Fibrose , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Bleomicina/toxicidade , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
7.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 708: 149791, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518719

RESUMO

Pulmonary alveoli are functional units in gas exchange in the lung, and their dysfunctions in lung diseases such as interstitial pneumonia are accompanied by fibrotic changes in structure, elevating the stiffness of extracellular matrix components. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that such changes in alveoli stiffness induce functional alteration of epithelial cell functions, exacerbating lung diseases. For this, we have developed a novel method of culturing alveolar epithelial cells on polyacrylamide gel with different elastic modulus at an air-liquid interface. It was demonstrated that A549 cells on soft gels, mimicking the modulus of a healthy lung, upregulated mRNA expression and protein synthesis of surfactant protein C (SFTPC). By contrast, the cells on stiff gels, mimicking the modulus of the fibrotic lung, exhibited upregulation of SFTPC gene expression but not at the protein level. Cell morphology, as well as cell nucleus volume, were also different between the two types of gels.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Fibrose Pulmonar , Humanos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Alvéolos Pulmonares , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Géis/metabolismo
8.
Environ Pollut ; 347: 123643, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428793

RESUMO

Heat exposure induces excessive hyperthermia associated with systemic inflammatory response that leads to multiple organ dysfunction including acute lung injury. However, how heat impairs the lung remains elusive so far. We aimed to explore the underlying mechanism by focusing on leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), which was associated with lung homeostasis. Both in vivo and in vitro models were induced by heat exposure. Firstly, heat exposure exerted core temperature (Tc) disturbance, pulmonary dysfunction, atelectasis, inflammation, impaired energy metabolism, and reduced surfactant proteins in the lung of mice. In addition, decreased LRRK2 expression and increased heat shock proteins (HSPs) 70 were observed with heat exposure in both the lung of mice and alveolar type II epithelial cells (AT2). Furthermore, LRRK2 inhibition aggravated heat exposure-initiated Tc dysregulation, injury in the lung and AT2 cells, and enhanced HSP70 expression. In conclusion, LRRK2 is involved in heat-induced acute lung injury and AT2 cell dysfunction.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Lesão Pulmonar , Humanos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Pulmão , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Proteína Quinase-2 com Repetições Ricas em Leucina/genética , Serina-Treonina Proteína Quinase-2 com Repetições Ricas em Leucina/metabolismo
9.
Environ Pollut ; 347: 123686, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431248

RESUMO

PM2.5 is known to induce lung injury, but its toxic effects on lung regenerative machinery and the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, primary mouse alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells, considered stem cells in the gas-exchange barrier, were sorted using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. By developing microfluidic technology with constricted microchannels, we observed that both passage time and impedance opacities of mouse AT2 cells were reduced after PM2.5, indicating that PM2.5 induced a more deformable mechanical property and a higher membrane permeability. In vitro organoid cultures of primary mouse AT2 cells indicated that PM2.5 is able to impair the proliferative potential and self-renewal capacity of AT2 cells but does not affect AT1 differentiation. Furthermore, cell senescence biomarkers, p53 and γ-H2A.X at protein levels, P16ink4a and P21 at mRNA levels were increased in primary mouse AT2 cells after PM2.5 stimulations as shown by immunofluorescent staining and quantitative PCR analysis. Using several advanced single-cell technologies, this study sheds light on new mechanisms of the cytotoxic effects of atmospheric fine particulate matter on lung stem cell behavior.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Pulmão , Camundongos , Animais , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Senescência Celular , Material Particulado/metabolismo
10.
Stem Cell Reports ; 19(4): 529-544, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552636

RESUMO

Alveolar type 2 (AT2) epithelial cells are tissue stem cells capable of differentiating into alveolar type 1 (AT1) cells for injury repair and maintenance of lung homeostasis. However, the factors involved in human AT2-to-AT1 cell differentiation are not fully understood. Here, we established SFTPCGFP and AGERmCherry-HiBiT dual-reporter induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which detected AT2-to-AT1 cell differentiation with high sensitivity and identified factors inducing AT1 cell differentiation from AT2 and their progenitor cells. We also established an "on-gel" alveolar epithelial spheroid culture suitable for medium-throughput screening. Among the 274 chemical compounds, several single compounds, including LATS-IN-1, converted AT1 cells from AT2 and their progenitor cells. Moreover, YAP/TAZ signaling activation and AKT signaling suppression synergistically recapitulated the induction of transcriptomic, morphological, and functionally mature AT1 cells. Our findings provide novel insights into human lung development and lung regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Humanos , Células Cultivadas , Pulmão , Diferenciação Celular , Células Epiteliais
11.
J Clin Invest ; 134(6)2024 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488000

RESUMO

Premature birth disrupts normal lung development and places infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a disease disrupting lung health throughout the life of an individual and that is increasing in incidence. The TGF-ß superfamily has been implicated in BPD pathogenesis, however, what cell lineage it impacts remains unclear. We show that TGFbr2 is critical for alveolar epithelial (AT1) cell fate maintenance and function. Loss of TGFbr2 in AT1 cells during late lung development leads to AT1-AT2 cell reprogramming and altered pulmonary architecture, which persists into adulthood. Restriction of fetal lung stretch and associated AT1 cell spreading through a model of oligohydramnios enhances AT1-AT2 reprogramming. Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses reveal the necessity of TGFbr2 expression in AT1 cells for extracellular matrix production. Moreover, TGF-ß signaling regulates integrin transcription to alter AT1 cell morphology, which further impacts ECM expression through changes in mechanotransduction. These data reveal the cell intrinsic necessity of TGF-ß signaling in maintaining AT1 cell fate and reveal this cell lineage as a major orchestrator of the alveolar matrisome.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Alvéolos Pulmonares , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Recém-Nascido , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II/metabolismo , Alvéolos Pulmonares/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Mecanotransdução Celular , Proteômica , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Pulmão/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Displasia Broncopulmonar/patologia , Transcrição Gênica
12.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 116, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant public health problem characterized by persistent airflow limitation. Despite previous research into the pathogenesis of COPD, a comprehensive understanding of the cell-type-specific mechanisms in COPD remains lacking. Recent studies have implicated Rab GTPases in regulating chronic immune response and inflammation via multiple pathways. In this study, the molecular regulating mechanism of RAB32 in COPD was investigated by multiple bioinformatics mining and experimental verification. METHODS: We collected lung tissue surgical specimens from Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, and RT-qPCR and western blotting were used to detect the expression of Rabs in COPD lung tissues. Four COPD microarray datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were analyzed. COPD-related epithelial cell scRNA-seq data was obtained from the GSE173896 dataset. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), mfuzz cluster, and Spearman correlation analysis were combined to obtain the regulatory network of RAB32 in COPD. The slingshot algorithm was used to identify the regulatory molecule, and the co-localization of RAB32 and GPRC5A was observed with immunofluorescence. RESULTS: WGCNA identified 771 key module genes significantly associated with the occurrence of COPD, including five Rab genes. RAB32 was up-regulated in lung tissues from subjects with COPD as contrast to those without COPD on both mRNA and protein levels. Integrating the results of WGCNA, Mfuzz clusters, and Spearman analysis, nine potential interacting genes with RAB32 were identified. Among these genes, GPRC5A exhibited a similar molecular expression pattern to RAB32. Co-expression density analysis at the cell level demonstrated that the co-expression density of RAB32 and GPRC5A was higher in type I alveolar epithelial cells (AT1s) than in type II alveolar epithelial cells (AT2s). The immunofluorescence also confirmed the co-localization of RAB32 and GPRC5A, and the Pearson correlation analysis found the relationship between RAB32 and GPRC5A was significantly stronger in the COPD lungs (r = 0.65) compared to the non-COPD lungs (r = 0.33). CONCLUSIONS: Our study marked endeavor to delineate the molecular regulatory axis of RAB32 in COPD by employing diverse methods and identifying GPRC5A as a potential interacting molecule with RAB32. These findings offered novel perspectives on the mechanism of COPD.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Algoritmos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Western Blotting , Biologia Computacional , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542436

RESUMO

In COVID-19, cytokine release syndrome can cause severe lung tissue damage leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Here, we address the effects of IFNγ, TNFα, IL-1ß and IL-6 on the growth arrest of alveolar A549 cells, focusing on the role of the IFN regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) transcription factor. The efficacy of JAK1/2 inhibitor baricitinib has also been tested. A549 WT and IRF1 KO cells were exposed to cytokines for up to 72 h. Cell proliferation and death were evaluated with the resazurin assay, analysis of cell cycle and cycle-regulator proteins, LDH release and Annexin-V positivity; the induction of senescence and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) was evaluated through ß-galactosidase staining and the quantitation of secreted inflammatory mediators. While IL-1 and IL-6 proved ineffective, IFNγ plus TNFα caused a proliferative arrest in A549 WT cells with alterations in cell morphology, along with the acquisition of a secretory phenotype. These effects were STAT and IRF1-dependent since they were prevented by baricitinib and much less evident in IRF1 KO than in WT cells. In alveolar cells, STATs/IRF1 axis is required for cytokine-induced proliferative arrest and the induction of a secretory phenotype. Hence, baricitininb is a promising therapeutic strategy for the attenuation of senescence-associated inflammation.


Assuntos
Azetidinas , Citocinas , Purinas , Pirazóis , Sulfonamidas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Células A549 , Humanos
14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 130, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491484

RESUMO

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is characterized by alveolar dysplasia, and evidence indicates that interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is involved in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory lung diseases. Nonetheless, the significance and mechanism of IRF4 in BPD remain unelucidated. Consequently, we established a mouse model of BPD through hyperoxia exposure, and ELISA was employed to measure interleukin-17 A (IL-17 A) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression levels in lung tissues. Western blotting was adopted to determine the expression of IRF4, surfactant protein C (SP-C), and podoplanin (T1α) in lung tissues. Flow cytometry was utilized for analyzing the percentages of FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) and FOXP3+RORγt+ Tregs in CD4+ T cells in lung tissues to clarify the underlying mechanism. Our findings revealed that BPD mice exhibited disordered lung tissue structure, elevated IRF4 expression, decreased SP-C and T1α expression, increased IL-17 A and IL-6 levels, reduced proportion of FOXP3+ Tregs, and increased proportion of FOXP3+RORγt+ Tregs. For the purpose of further elucidating the effect of IRF4 on Treg phenotype switching induced by hyperoxia in lung tissues, we exposed neonatal mice with IRF4 knockout to hyperoxia. These mice exhibited regular lung tissue structure, increased proportion of FOXP3+ Tregs, reduced proportion of FOXP3+RORγt+ Tregs, elevated SP-C and T1α expression, and decreased IL-17 A and IL-6 levels. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that IRF4-mediated Treg phenotype switching in lung tissues exacerbates alveolar epithelial cell injury under hyperoxia exposure.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Hiperóxia , Animais , Camundongos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Hiperóxia/complicações , Displasia Broncopulmonar/metabolismo , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo
15.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 176(4): 442-446, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488962

RESUMO

We performed a comparative study of the effects of X-ray irradiation and bleomycin on the mRNA levels of E-cadherin and tight junction proteins (claudin-3, claudin-4, claudin-18, ZO-2, and occludin) in an alveolar epithelial cell line L2. Irradiation decreased claudin-4 levels and increased occludin levels, while the levels of other mRNAs remained unchanged. Bleomycin increased the expression levels of all proteins examined except claudin-3. Irradiation and bleomycin have different effects on the expression level of intercellular junction proteins, indicating different reactions triggered in alveolar epithelial cells and a great prospects of further comparative studies.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Junções Íntimas , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Ocludina/genética , Ocludina/metabolismo , Claudina-4/metabolismo , Claudina-3/metabolismo , Bleomicina/farmacologia , Bleomicina/metabolismo , Junções Intercelulares/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteína da Zônula de Oclusão-1/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais
16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116463, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503240

RESUMO

The role of cellular senescence in age-related diseases has been fully recognized. In various age-related-chronic lung diseases, the function of alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) is impaired and alveolar regeneration disorders, especially in bronchopulmonary dysplasia,pulmonary fibrosis (PF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer, etc. Except for age-related-chronic lung diseases, an increasing number of studies are exploring the role of cellular senescence in developmental chronic lung diseases, which typically originate in childhood and even in the neonatal period. This review provides an overview of cellular senescence and lung diseases from newborns to the elderly, attempting to draw attention to the relationship between cellular senescence and developmental lung diseases.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Idoso , Senescência Celular , Pulmão , Células Epiteliais Alveolares
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542450

RESUMO

Lung aging triggers the onset of various chronic lung diseases, with alveolar repair being a key focus for alleviating pulmonary conditions. The regeneration of epithelial structures, particularly the differentiation from type II alveolar epithelial (AT2) cells to type I alveolar epithelial (AT1) cells, serves as a prominent indicator of alveolar repair. Nonetheless, the precise role of aging in impeding alveolar regeneration and its underlying mechanism remain to be fully elucidated. Our study employed histological methods to examine lung aging effects on structural integrity and pathology. Lung aging led to alveolar collapse, disrupted epithelial structures, and inflammation. Additionally, a relative quantification analysis revealed age-related decline in AT1 and AT2 cells, along with reduced proliferation and differentiation capacities of AT2 cells. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying AT2 cell functional decline, we employed transcriptomic techniques and revealed a correlation between inflammatory factors and genes regulating proliferation and differentiation. Furthermore, a D-galactose-induced senescence model in A549 cells corroborated our omics experiments and confirmed inflammation-induced cell cycle arrest and a >30% reduction in proliferation/differentiation. Physiological aging-induced chronic inflammation impairs AT2 cell functions, hindering tissue repair and promoting lung disease progression. This study offers novel insights into chronic inflammation's impact on stem cell-mediated alveolar regeneration.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Pulmão , Humanos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Pulmão/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo
18.
Arch Toxicol ; 98(5): 1399-1413, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460002

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis involves destruction of the lung parenchyma and extracellular matrix deposition. Effective treatments for pulmonary fibrosis are lacking and its pathogenesis is still unclear. Studies have found that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) plays an important role in progression of pulmonary fibrosis. Thus, an in-depth exploration of its mechanism might identify new therapeutic targets. In this study, we revealed that a novel circular RNA, MKLN1 (circMKLN1), was significantly elevated in two pulmonary fibrosis models (intraperitoneally with PQ, 50 mg/kg for 7 days, and intratracheally with BLM, 5 mg/kg for 28 days). Additionally, circMKLN1 was positively correlated with the severity of pulmonary fibrosis. Inhibition of circMKLN1 expression significantly reduced collagen deposition and inhibited EMT in AECs. EMT was aggravated after circMKLN1 overexpression in AECs. MiR-26a-5p/miR-26b-5p (miR-26a/b), the targets of circMKLN1, were confirmed by luciferase reporter assays. CircMKLN1 inhibition elevated miR-26a/b expression. Significantly decreased expression of CDK8 (one of the miR-26a/b targets) was observed after inhibition of circMKLN1. EMT was exacerbated again, and CDK8 expression was significantly increased after circMKLN1 inhibition and cotransfection of miR-26a/b inhibitors in AECs. Our research indicated that circMKLN1 promoted CDK8 expression through sponge adsorption of miR-26a/b, which regulates EMT and pulmonary fibrosis. This study provides a theoretical basis for finding new targets or biomarkers in pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Fibrose Pulmonar , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Quinase 8 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo
19.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(2): 160-165, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced conditioned medium of alveolar epithelial cells on the inflammatory response and cell damage of vascular endothelial cells, and explore its mechanism. METHODS: The LPS induced type II alveolar epithelial cells (A549) conditioned medium was used as a stimulus to induce human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) damage. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of 0% (blank group), 12.5%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% A549 cell conditioned medium cultured for 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours on the cell viability of HUVEC. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors [interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] and vasoactive substances [vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelin-1 (ET-1)] in the supernatant. Phalloidin staining was used to observe the effects of A549 cells conditioned medium on cell morphology. The expressions of protein kinase B/nuclear factor-κB (AKT/NF-κB) pathway in HUVEC induced by conditioned medium was detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with the blank group, A549 cells conditioned medium with concentrations of 12.5%, 25%, and 50% had no significant effects on cell viability of HUVEC after 6, 12, and 24 hours, but the activity of HUVEC decreased significantly after 48 hours. Therefore, 12.5%, 25%, 50% A549 cell conditioned medium stimulated for 24 hours was selected as the induction condition for follow-up experiments. Compared with the blank group, the level of IL-6 was significantly increased in 12.5% and 50% conditioned medium groups (ng/L: 2 438.95±64.89, 3 036.41±96.69 vs. 1 736.75±20.99, both P < 0.05), the level of TNF-α was significantly increased in 12.5% and 25% conditioned medium groups (ng/L: 174.08±11.09, 81.37±8.17 vs. 50.03±0.26, both P < 0.01), the levels of VEGF and ET-1 were significantly increased in 12.5%, 25% and 50% conditioned medium groups [VEGF (ng/L): 173.60±41.44, 192.49±12.38, 318.89±27.90 vs. 66.68±19.65; ET-1 (ng/L): 54.88±1.37, 36.69±0.29, 24.07±0.73 vs. 10.67±0.25, all P < 0.01]. Phalloidin staining showed that HUVEC induced by 25% A549 cells conditioned medium were irregular in shape, uneven in size, disordered in arrangement, widened in gap, dense and unclear in microfilament structure and serrated in cell membrane. Furthermore, the average fluorescence intensity of 25% conditioned medium group significantly increased compared to the blank group (67 205.60±3 430.40 vs. 56 272.67±7 650.95, P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that compared with the blank group, the expression of HUVEC cells phosphonated inhibitor α of NF-κB (p-IκBα) was significantly decreased in the 12.5%, 25%, and 50% conditioned medium groups (p-IκBα/IκBα: 0.38±0.08, 0.67±0.12, 0.31±0.07 vs. 1.00±0.00, all P < 0.01), the expressions of phosphonated-AKT (p-AKT) and VEGF were significantly increased (p-AKT/AKT: 1.50±0.18, 1.42±0.27, 1.61±0.14 vs. 1.00±0.00, VEGF/GAPDH: 1.37±0.10, 1.53±0.22, 1.40±0.12 vs. 1.00±0.00, all P < 0.05), the expression of phosphonated NF-κB p65 (p-P65) was significantly increased in the 25% conditioned medium group (p-P65/P65: 1.45±0.14 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LPS induced conditional culture medium of alveolar epithelial cells induced endothelial cell damage via activating AKT/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Humanos , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , NF-kappa B , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Faloidina , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana
20.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 52(2): 60-67, mar. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231086

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of Y-box binding protein 1 (YBX-1) in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammation and oxidative stress of BEAS-2B cell line and clarify the underlying mechanism. Methods: LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells were used as a cell model of sepsis-stimulated acute lung injury (ALI). Immunoblot and quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays were used to detect the expression of YBX-1 in LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide, TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling, and immunoblot assays were conducted to determine the effects of YBX-1 on cell survival. JC-1 staining and adenosine triphosphate production were used to detect the effects of YBX-1 on mitochondrial function. Immunostaining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent serologic assay were performed to examine the effects of YBX-1 on the inflammation and oxidative stress of cells. Immunoblot assay was conducted to confirm the mechanism. Results: YBX-1 was lowly expressed in LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells and enhanced the survival of LPS-stimulated lung epithelial cells. In addition, YBX-1 improved mitochondrial function of LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. YBX-1 inhibited the inflammation and oxidative stress of LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. Mechanically, YBX-1 inhibited mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) axis, thereby alleviating sepsis-stimulated ALI. Conclusion: YBX-1 alleviated inflammation and oxidative stress of LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells via MAPK axis. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box , Inflamação , Lipopolissacarídeos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Sepse , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Epiteliais Alveolares
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