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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 646-652, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521793

RESUMO

Abstract Objective To evaluate the technical reproducibility of a block of the pericapsular nerve group (PENG) of the hip aided or not by ultrasound in cadavers. Materials and Methods The present is a randomized, descriptive, and comparative anatomical study on 40 hips from 2 cadaver groups. We compared the PENG block technique with the method with no ultrasound guidance. After injecting a methylene blue dye, we verified the dispersion and topographical staining of the anterior hip capsule through dissection. In addition, we evaluated the injection orifice in both techniques. Results In the comparative analysis of the techniques, there were no puncture failures, damage to noble structures in the orifice path, or differences in the results. Only 1 hip from each group (5%) presented inadequate dye dispersion within the anterior capsule, and in 95% of the cases submitted to either technique, there was adequate dye dispersion at the target region. Conclusion Hip PENG block with no ultrasound guidance is feasible, safe, effective, and highly reliable compared to its conventional counterpart. The present is a pioneer study that can help patients with hip pain from various causes in need of relief.


Resumo Objetivo Propor e avaliar a reprodutibilidade técnica do bloqueio do grupo de nervos pericapsulares (pericapsular nerve group, PENG, em inglês) do quadril sem o auxílio da ultrassonografia, em cadáveres, de forma comparativa à realização do bloqueio guiado pela ultrassonografia em outro grupo de cadáveres. Materiais e Métodos Estudo anatômico randomizado, descritivo e comparativo, realizado em 40 quadris divididos em 2 grupos amostrais de cadáveres. Fez-se uma comparação da técnica do bloqueio do PENG à técnica não guiada por ultrassonografia injetando-se corante azul de metileno, seguida de dissecção para verificação da dispersão e da coloração topográfica da cápsula anterior do quadril, além de avaliação do pertuito das injeções entre as técnicas. Resultados Na análise comparativa das técnicas, não houve falha na punção, lesão de estruturas nobres no pertuito, ou diferença nos resultados. Não houve adequada dispersão do corante pela cápsula anterior somente em 1 quadril de cada grupo (5%), e em 95% dos casos submetidos a qualquer uma das técnicas observou-se dispersão adequada do corante pela região alvo. Conclusão O bloqueio do PENG do quadril sem auxílio de ultrassonografia é factível, seguro, eficaz, e com alta confiabilidade quando comparado à sua realização guiada pelo aparelho de imagem. Este estudo é pioneiro, e pode ajudar muito os pacientes que têm dor no quadril por diversas causas e necessitam alívio.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cadáver , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Articulação do Quadril , Anestesia e Analgesia , Bloqueio Nervoso
2.
3.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e702, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1289358

RESUMO

Introducción: Las técnicas de anestesia y analgesia regional en la población pediátrica garantizan la estabilidad hemodinámica y respiratoria. El uso de la anestesia caudal ha aumentado enormemente sobre todo para cirugías de abdomen inferior lo que ofrece ventajas sobre la anestesia general. Objetivo: Argumentar sobre la base de la mejor evidencia científica, la opinión de los autores en relación a la efectividad del uso de la anestesia caudal en los pacientes neonatos. Método: El marco inicial de búsqueda bibliográfica se constituyó por los artículos publicados acerca de la utilización de la anestesia caudal en neonatos. Las fuentes de información que se utilizaron fueron: Registro Cochrane central de ensayos clínicos controlados, Pubmed, LILACS, SciELO, Ebsco, Science, Google académico. Resultados: El bloqueo caudal es la aplicación de un anestésico local en el espacio peridural, pero a nivel sacro, lo que ocasiona un bloqueo de conducción en las raíces nerviosas que cubre la analgesia, no solo el período intraoperatorio sino también el posoperatorio, lo cual permite una adecuada estabilidad hemodinámica, reduce el sangrado, evita el uso de opioides, anestésicos generales y relajantes musculares. La necesidad de asistencia respiratoria se ve reducida. Conclusiones: Es una técnica segura y económica en ocasiones subvalorada en el recién nacido. Esto, junto a una más rápida recuperación, lleva a considerar la anestesia regional como una alternativa a la anestesia general(AU)


Introduction: Regional anesthesia and analgesia techniques in the pediatric population guarantee hemodynamic and respiratory stability. The use of caudal anesthesia has increased enormously, especially for lower abdominal surgeries, which offers advantages over general anesthesia. Objective: To argue, based upon the best scientific evidence, the opinion of the authors regarding the effectiveness of the use of caudal anesthesia in neonatal patients. Method: The initial framework for the bibliographic search consisted of the articles published about the use of caudal anesthesia in neonates. The sources of information were the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Pubmed, LILACS, SciELO, Ebsco, Science, Google Scholar. Results: Caudal block is the application of a local anesthetic into the epidural space, but at the sacral level, which causes a conduction block in the nerve roots that covers analgesia, not only in the intraoperative period but also in the postoperative one, which allows adequate hemodynamic stability, reduces bleeding, avoids the use of opioids, general anesthetics and muscle relaxants. The need for respiratory support is reduced. Conclusions: It is a safe and economical technique, sometimes undervalued in the newborn. This, together with a faster recovery, leads to considering regional anesthesia as an alternative over general anesthesia(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Analgésicos Opioides , Anestesia e Analgesia , Anestesia Caudal/métodos , Período Intraoperatório , Neonatologia/educação
4.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e681, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1156364

RESUMO

Introducción: El estudio y tratamiento del dolor ha sido una de las preocupaciones más importantes en los últimos 30 años en el ámbito médico mundial. Desde hace varias décadas a nivel internacional se realizan estudios sobre el efecto del tramadol y la lidocaína como analgésicos intraoperatorio, con el fin de obtener una adecuada analgesia durante el procedimiento quirúrgico y el periodo posoperatorio inmediato. Objetivo: Comparar el efecto analgésico del tramadol y la lidocaína durante el período transoperatorio en caninos programados para intervención quirúrgica. Método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, comparativo, con animales programados para tratamiento quirúrgico por presentar tumores periféricos. Se incluyeron 10 animales divididos en 2 grupos. El grupo control (G-C) que recibió lidocaína sin preservo (lidocaína SP) en infusión continua durante el procedimiento quirúrgico y el grupo 1 (G-1) que se le administró tramadol endovenoso previo al acto quirúrgico. Se evaluaron variables hemodinámicas y de oxigenación como indicadores indirectos de dolor transoperatorio. Resultados: La muestra fue homogénea para la edad y el sexo. El comportamiento de las variables hemodinámicas resultó más estable durante la infusión de lidocaína. La saturación periférica de oxígeno fue similar con ambos medicamentos, así como la temperatura. Conclusiones: La infusión intravenosa de lidocaína SP durante el periodo transoperatorio en caninos oncológico demostró una mejor efectividad analgésica en comparación con el tramadol aplicado preoperatoriamente, según los parámetros evaluados(AU)


Introduction: Study and treatment of pain has been one of the most important concerns in the last thirty years in the worldwide medical field. For several decades, international studies have been carried out on the effect of tramadol and lidocaine as intraoperative analgesics, in order to achieve adequate analgesia during surgical procedures and the immediate postoperative period. Objective: To compare the analgesic effect of tramadol and lidocaine during the intraoperative period in canines scheduled for surgical intervention. Method: A prospective, comparative study was carried out with animals scheduled for surgical treatment due to peripheral tumors. Ten animals were included, divided into two groups: the control group, which received lidocaine without preservation in continuous infusion during the surgical procedure, and group 1, which was administered intravenous tramadol prior to the surgical act. Hemodynamic and oxygenation variables were assessed as indirect indicators of intraoperative pain. Results: The sample was homogeneous for age and sex. The behavior of the hemodynamic variables was more stable during the lidocaine infusion. Peripheral oxygen saturation was similar in both drugs, as well as temperature. Conclusions: Intravenous infusion of lidocaine without preservation during the intraoperative period in oncological canines showed better analgesic effectiveness compared to tramadol applied preoperatively, according to the parameters assessed(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Tramadol/uso terapêutico , Anestesia e Analgesia/métodos , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 134-139, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | CONASS, LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1137155

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Currently, transesophageal echodopplercardiography is frequently performed under sedation on an outpatient basis. Sedation is related with increase in incidents on airways. Bearing in mind this scenario, we developed a new double lumen oropharyngeal cannula aimed at keeping airway patency, in addition to reducing risks to patients during endoscopy procedures performed under sedation. The main objective of our study was to assess the incidence of oxygen desaturation in a series of cases of adult patients submitted to outpatient transesophageal echo exam, under sedation and using the oropharyngeal cannula. Method: 30 patients under sedation with intravenous midazolam and propofol were assessed. After loss of consciousness, the cannula was placed and patients were maintained on spontaneous breathing. Oxygen saturation, capnometry, heart rate and non-invasive arterial blood pressure, in addition to subjective data: airway patency, handling of cannula insertion and, comfort of examiner were analyzed. Results: The incidence of mild desaturation was 23.3%, and there was no severe desaturation in any of the cases. The insertion of the oropharyngeal cannula was considered easy for 29 patients (96.6%), and transesophageal echo probe handling was appropriate in 93.33% of exams performed. Conclusions: Transesophageal echo exams under sedation aided by the double-lumen oropharyngeal cannula presented a low incidence of desaturation in patients assessed, and allowed analysis of expired CO2 during the exams.


Resumo Introdução: Nos dias atuais, exames de ecocardiografia transesofágica (ETE) são realizados de forma frequente sob sedação em regime ambulatorial. A sedação está relacionada com aumento de intercorrências nas vias aéreas. Dentro desse contexto, desenvolvemos uma cânula orofaríngea de duplo-lúmen com finalidade de manutenção da via aérea pérvia, reduzindo riscos aos pacientes durante procedimentos endoscópicos sob sedação. O principal objetivo do nosso estudo foi avaliar a incidência de dessaturação em uma série de casos de pacientes adultos submetidos a ETE ambulatorial sob sedação com o uso da cânula orofaríngea. Métodos: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes sedados com midazolam e propofol intravenoso. A cânula foi inserida após perda da consciência e os pacientes foram mantidos com ventilação espontânea. Analisados saturação de oxigênio, capnometria, frequência cardíaca e pressão arterial não invasiva, além de dados subjetivos: patência das vias aéreas, manuseio e inserção da cânula e conforto ao examinador. Resultados: A incidência de dessaturação leve foi de 23.3% e não houve dessaturação grave em nenhum caso. A inserção da cânula orotraqueal foi considerada fácil em 29 pacientes (96,6%) e o manuseio da sonda de ETE foi adequada em 93,33% dos exames realizados. Conclusões: A realização dos exames de ETE sob sedação com auxílio da cânula orofaríngea de duplo lúmen apresentou baixa incidência de dessaturação nos pacientes avaliados, além de permitir análise do CO2 expirado durante a realização dos exames.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Cânula , Anestesia e Analgesia , Sedação Consciente
7.
London; National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; Mar. 19, 2020. 49 p.
Monografia em Inglês | BIGG - guias GRADE | ID: biblio-1179117

RESUMO

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing abdominal aortic aneurysms. It aims to improve care by helping people who are at risk to get tested, specifying how often to monitor asymptomatic aneurysms, and identifying when aneurysm repair is needed and which procedure will work best.


Assuntos
Humanos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/reabilitação , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Anestesia e Analgesia
8.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(3): 154-161, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1013884

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a device for airway management that is easy to insert, safe, and efficient. However, there are associated complications that can lead to important patient morbidity and mortality, as ventilator failure, can occur with reported incidence between 0.2% and 4.7%. Male gender, advanced age, obesity, short thyromental distance, and poor dentition are known related factors to LMA failure. Objective: Determine the incidence of ProSeal™ LMA ventilatory failure and identify clinical related conditions. Materials and methods: Observational analytic study a group of adult patients with ProSealTM laryngeal mask for airway management. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 12.1 software. Bivariate analysis was done using Fisher's exact test or Chi2 as it corresponded with statistical significance defined as P value <0.05. Skewed logistic regression for multivariate analysis was performed for estimating adjusted odd ratios (ORs). Results: Incidence of ProSealTM LMA ventilatory failure was 5.2%. In the group of patients that presented failure, 69 were older than 75 years (OR=1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-1.09, P < 0.001), 6 (23.1%) thyromental distance less than 6 x0200A;cm (OR = 2.48, 95% CI 0.93-6.62, P = 0.069), 5 (19.2%), inadequate anesthetic depth and/or laryngospasm (OR=5.78, 95% CI 2.23-14.96, P< 0.001) and 9 (34.6%) vintraoperative use of neuromuscular blockers (NMB) (OR=2.35, 95% CI 1.06-5.21, P=0.035). Conclusion: In patients with LMA management, the age, intraoperative use of NMB and inadequate anesthetic depth and/ or laryngospasm are clinical related conditions for ProSealTMLMA ventilatory failure.


Resumen Introducción: La mascarilla laríngea de vía aérea (LMA) es un dispositivo para el manejo de la vía aérea fácil de insertar, seguro y eficiente. Sin embargo, hay complicaciones asociadas que pueden llevar a morbilidad y mortalidad del paciente, como la falla del respirador, con una incidencia reportada de entre el 0.2% y el 4.7%. El sexo masculino, la edad avanzada, la obesidad, la corta distancia tiromentoniana y la mala dentición son factores conocidos relacionados con el fracaso de la LMA. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de la insuficiencia respiratoria con ProSeal™ LMA e identificar las condiciones clínicas relacionadas. Materiales y métodos: Estudio analítico observacional de un grupo de pacientes adultos con uso de ProSeal™ Laryngeal Mask para el manejo de las vías respiratorias. El análisis estadístico se realizó utilizando el software STATA 12.1©. El análisis bivariado se realizó utilizando la prueba exacta de Fisher o Chi2, ya que correspondía a la significación estadística definida como valor de p < 0.05. Se realizó una regresión logística sesgada para el análisis multivariado, con el fin de estimar las proporciones impares ajustadas (OR). Resultados: La incidencia de fallo ventilatorio de ProSeal™ LMA fue del 5.2%. En el grupo de pacientes que presentaron fracaso, 69 eran mayores de 75 años (OR = 1.06; IC del 95%: 1.03 a 1.09; p < 0.001), 6 pacientes (23.1%) tenían distancia tiromentoniana inferior a 6 cm (OR = 2.48; IC del 95%: 0.93 a 6.62, p = 0.069), 5 (19.2%) presentaron profundidad inadecuada del anestésico y/o laringoespasmo (OR = 5.78; IC del 95%: 2.23 a 14.96; p < 0.001) y en 9 (34.6%) hubo uso intraoperatorio de NMB (OR = 2.35; IC del 95%: 1.06 a 5.21; p = 0.035). Conclusión: En pacientes con manejo de la LMA, la edad, el uso intraoperatorio de la NMB y la profundidad anestésica inadecuada y/o laringoespasmo son condiciones clínicas relacionadas con la insuficiencia respiratoria de la LMA ProSeal™.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Equipamentos e Provisões , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Anestesia e Analgesia , Respiração Artificial , Anestésicos Inalatórios , Ventilação não Invasiva
9.
Acta méd. costarric ; 61(2): 68-72, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001118

RESUMO

Resumen Objetivo: tradicionalmente, la sedación con propofol ha estado a cargo de especialistas en anestesiología; sin embargo, una extensa cantidad de información publicada ha demostrado que la sedación con propofol administrado por no anestesiólogos, es segura y eficaz. El estudio se realizó con el objetivo de evaluar la seguridad en la administración de propofol por gastroenterólogos, para la realización de procedimientos en endoscopia digestiva. Métodos: se hizo un estudio retrospectivo en el cual se revisaron los expedientes de 1135 pacientes sometidos a endoscopias digestivas diagnósticas y terapéuticas, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2016 y marzo de 2017. Los pacientes se organizaron por su: edad, género, clasificación de riesgo de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiólogos, indicación para la endoscopia, y dosis utilizada de propofol. Se registraron los efectos adversos asociados al uso de Propofol, tales como: episodios de hipoxemia transitoria, complicaciones cardiopulmonares serias y muerte. Resultados: se incluyeron los datos de 1135 pacientes (56 % fueron mujeres) que se practicaron endoscopia digestiva bajo sedación con propofol administrado por gastroenterólogos, en un período de 14 meses. La dosis promedio utilizada de propofol fue de 154 +/- 66 mg. Según la clasificación de riesgo de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiólogos, el 84 % de los pacientes corresponde a las clasificaciones I y II, un 14,8 % a pacientes con clasificación de riesgo III y un 1,1 %, riesgo IV. Los estudios efectuados fueron mayoritariamente gastroscopias (52,6 %) y según la indicación, el 79,6 % corresponde a estudios diagnósticos, seguido de un 12,1% para los sangrados digestivos altos de emergencia. En cuanto a las complicaciones documentadas, se identificaron 70 episodios de hipoxemia que corresponden a un 6,2 % de las sedaciones realizadas. (IC 95%, 4,7-7,6). Solamente un 3,7 % de los pacientes presentó un episodio de hipoxemia por debajo del 80 %. Todos los episodios de hipoxemia, excepto uno, resolvieron con maniobras simples, como la elevación del mentón. Durante el estudio no se presentaron complicaciones cardiopulmonares serias o muertes. Se identificaron, como factores de riesgo para la aparición de hipoxemia, una clasificación de riesgo de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiólogos mayor a 3, y la realización del estudio endoscópico para dilatación esofágica o colocación de gastrostomía percutánea. Conclusiones: el uso de sedación con propofol administrado por no anestesiólogos en el estudio, no evidenció incremento en la aparición de complicaciones cardiopulmonares serias, ni en los episodios de hipoxemia.


Abstract Aim: Traditionally, sedation with propofol has been approved exclusively for use by anethesiologists, however, an extensive amount of published information has shown that sedation with propofol administered by non-anesthesiologists is safe and effective. The present study was conducted with the objective of evaluating the safety in the administration of propofol by gastroenterologists for the performance of procedures in digestive endoscopy. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in which the records of 1135 patients who underwent digestive and therapeutic digestive endoscopies were reviewed in the period between January 2016 and March 2017. The patients were classified by age, gender, risk classification of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), indication for endoscopy, and dose of propofol. The adverse effects associated with the use of propofol were recorded, such as episodes of transient hypoxemia, serious cardiopulmonary complications and death. Results: We included data from 1135 patients (56% were women) who underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy under sedation with propofol administered by gastroenterologist in a period of 14 months. The average dose used for propofol was 154 +/- 66 mg of propofol. According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists risk classification, 84% of the patients correspond to risk I and II, 14.8% to risk level III and 1.1% to risk level IV. The study carried out the most were gastroscopies (52.6%) and according to the indication, 79.6% corresponded to diagnostic studies, followed by 12.1% for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Regarding the documented complications,70 episodes of hypoxemia were identified, corresponding to 6.2% of the sedations performed. (95% CI, 4.7-7.6). Only 3.7% of patients had an episode of hypoxemia below 80%. All episodes of hypoxemia, except one, resolved with simple maneuvers such as chin elevation. There were no serious cardiopulmonary complications or deaths during the study. We identified as risk factors for the appearance of hypoxemia a risk classification of the American Society of Anesthesiologists greater than 3 and performance of the endoscopic study for esophageal dilation or percutaneous gastrostomy placement. Conclusions: The use of sedation with propofol administered by non-anesthesiologists in the present study did not show an increase in the appearance of serious cardiopulmonary complications, or in episodes of hypoxemia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Anestésicos Intravenosos/uso terapêutico , Costa Rica , Anestesiologistas , Anestesia e Analgesia
10.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(1): e535, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093095

RESUMO

Introducción: La anestesia y analgesia peridural continua, además de proporcionar un adecuado control del dolor posoperatorio, aportan beneficios como la disminución del riesgo de trombosis y de sangrado intraoperatorio. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento y los resultados de la aplicación de la anestesia peridural continua mediante bomba de infusión elastomérica en pacientes intervenidas de mamoplastia de aumento. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, longitudinal en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, entre febrero 2014 y febrero 2016. Resultados: 72,8 fueron las pacientes entre 20 y 29 años, 57,6 por ciento era ASA I y 78,3 por ciento normopeso. El 50 por ciento fueron operadas por hipoplasia mamaria. La frecuencia cardiaca, la tensión arterial sistólica y diastólica disminuyeron a los 5 min después de aplicarse la técnica. La media del dolor fue menor de 3 en todos los momentos evaluados. Las complicaciones inmediatas fueron escasas y leves. El 85,9 por ciento calificó la técnica como buena. Conclusiones: El comportamiento y los resultados de la aplicación de la anestesia peridural continua mediante bomba de infusión elastomérica en la mamoplastia de aumento fue estable y segura. Existieron diferencias significativas en el comportamiento de las variables hemodinámicas intraoperatorias y de la intensidad de dolor, la cual fue leve en todas sus mediciones. Las complicaciones mediatas fueron escasas y no complejas. Más de las tres cuartas partes de las pacientes evaluaron de acuerdo al grado de satisfacción de buena la efectividad de la técnica anestésica para este tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: Continuous epidural anesthesia and analgesia, in addition to providing adequate control of postoperative pain, provide benefits such as decreased risk of thrombosis and intraoperative bleeding. Objective: To describe the behavior and results of the application of continuous epidural anesthesia by means of an elastomeric infusion pump in patients undergoing augmentation mammoplasty. Methods: An observational, descriptive, prospective, longitudinal study was conducted at Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital, between February 2014 and February 2016. Results: 72.8 percent were patients 20-29 years old, 57.6 percent were ASA I, and 78.3 percent had normal weight. 50 percent were operated for mammary hypoplasia. Heart rate, as well as systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased 5 minutes after the technique was applied. The average pain was less than 3 in all the moments evaluated. The immediate complications were minimal and mild. 85.9 (AU) described the technique as good. Conclusions: The behavior and results of the application of continuous epidural anesthesia using an elastomeric infusion pump in the augmentation mammoplasty was stable and safe. There were significant differences in the behavior of intraoperative hemodynamic variables and pain intensity, which was slight in all its measurements. The mediate complications were scarce and not complex. More than three quarters of the patients evaluated, based on the degree of satisfaction, the effectiveness of the anesthetic technique as good for this type of surgical procedure(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Bombas de Infusão/normas , Mamoplastia/métodos , Anestesia e Analgesia , Anestesia Epidural/normas , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 98-102, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003572

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivos: Quantificar a dor dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de facoemulsificação sob anestesia tópica e anestesia tópica mais dipirona e avaliar se há correlação da dor com o tempo operatório, a graduação da catarta e a Energia Ultrassônica Dissipada Acumulada. Métodos: Cento e quatro olhos de 52 pacientes foram submetidos a cirurgia de catarata por facoemulsificação. Um olho foi submetido a anestesia tópica associado à sedação. O outro olho foi submetido a anestesia anterior acrescida de 1g de dipirona venosa. 15 minutos e 24 horas após a cirurgia, uma Escala Visual de Dor era respondida. Registraram-se a graduação da catarata, tempo cirúrgico, energia ultrassônica. Resultados: Dor no grupo sem dipirona 15 minutos e 24 horas apresentou decréscimo com correlação estatística significativa (p=0,004). Não houve significância estatística na redução da dor no grupo submetido à infusão de dipirona. Pacientes com cataratas de maior graduação apresentaram dor maior no pós-operatório (p=0,046). Conclusão: Ausência de redução significativa da dor com a dipirona apresentou resultados semelhantes a outros estudos. Redução da dor 24 horas após a cirurgia no grupo sem o analgésico pode ser devido à subjetividade da dor. Pacientes com cataratas de grau mais avançados apresentam dor mais intensa.


Abstract Objectives: Evaluate the effect of intraoperative endovenous administration of dipyrone on postoperative pain in patients submitted to phacoemulsification by correlating pain scores with duration of surgery and the amount of cumulative dissipated energy (CDE) delivered to the eye. Methods: The sample consisted of 104 eyes from 52 patients submitted to phacoemulsification under topic anesthesia and sedation. In each patient, one eye was treated intraoperatively with 1g dipyrone. Information was collected on cataract grade/type, duration of surgery and CDE. Postoperative pain was scored on a visual analog scale at 15 min and 24 hours. Results: Between 15 min and 24 hours, pain decreased significantly (p=0.004) among patients not treated with dipyrone, but no change was observed in patients receiving dipyrone. Caratact severity was positively associated with postoperative pain (p=0.046). Conclusion: The absence of a measurable effect of dipyrone on pain scores matched the literature. The decrease in pain scores at 24 hours among patients not treated with dipyrone may be explained by the influence of subjective psychological factors on pain perception. Higher grades of cataract were associated with greater postoperative pain.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor , Dipirona/administração & dosagem , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Anestesia e Analgesia/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Administração Tópica , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Administração Intravenosa , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem
12.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(1): 57-68, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-985435

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Spinal anesthesia (SA) and sciatic-femoral nerve block are the most widely used anesthesia techniques for knee arthroscopy; however, there is still some controversy with regard to which anesthetic procedure offers improved safety, better pain control, and higher patient satisfaction. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of exclusive SA with bupivacaine versus sciatic-femoral nerve block, regardless of the drug, during the postoperative period of patients having undergone knee arthroscopy, through a systematic review of the scientific literature. Methods: A search of Randomized Clinical Trials was conducted in a number of databases including Ovid, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, Open Grey, ClinicalTrials.gov, and academic Google. The snowball technique was also used to identify additional trials. The design of the search strategy included Boolean operators and considered studies in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, with no date restrictions. The information is presented in narrative form. Results: The search identified 478 studies, of which 3 met the eligibility criteria. The effectiveness was evaluated based on total anesthesia time and rescue analgesia. Safety was evaluated with heart rate monitoring and time to first micturition. Patient satisfaction was identified through surveys to measure the acceptance of the anesthetic technique. Conclusion: SA is effective as assessed based on the motor-sensory blockade effect and pain control, but its adverse events shall be taken into consideration when making a decision. The anesthetic techniques of the peripheral sciatic-femoral nerve block present less undesirable side effects than spinal analgesia and provide better postoperative pain control.


Resumen Introducción: La anestesia espinal y el bloqueo de nervios ciático-femoral son las técnicas de anestesia regional más utilizadas para la artroscopia de rodilla, sin embargo, existe controversia en relación a qué procedimiento anestésico ofrece mayor seguridad, mejor control del dolor y satisfacción del paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la anestesia espinal exclusiva con bupivacaína vs el bloqueo de nervio ciático -femoral sin distinción de fármaco en el postoperatorio de pacientes intervenidos con artroscopia de rodilla, a través de una revisión sistemática de la literatura científica. Métodos: se realizó una búsqueda de Ensayos Clínicos Aleatorizados en las bases de datos Ovid, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, al igual que en Open Grey, ClinicalTrials.gov y Google académico, también se utilizó la técnica bola de nieve para encontrar estudios adicionales. El diseño de la estrategia de búsqueda incluyó operadores boleanos y consideró estudios en inglés, español y portugués, sin restricción de fecha. La información se presenta de forma narrativa. Resultados: la búsqueda identificó 478 estudios de los cuales tres cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad. La efectividad fue valorada con el tiempo total de anestesia y analgesia de rescate. La seguridad fue evaluada con monitoreo de frecuencia cardiaca y tiempo de primera micción. La satisfacción del paciente se indagó a través de encuestas de aceptación de la técnica anestésica. Conclusiones: la anestesia espinal resulta efectiva valorada por el efecto de bloqueo motor-sensitivo y control del dolor, pero sus eventos adversos deben ser considerados en la selección. Las técnicas anestésicas de bloqueo periférico del nervio ciático-femoral presentan menos efectos indeseables que la analgesia espinal y ofrecen un mejor control del dolor postoperatorio.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Artroscopia , Nervo Isquiático , Bupivacaína , Anestesia , Anestesia e Analgesia , Raquianestesia , Joelho , Dor Pós-Operatória , Período Pós-Operatório , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Viburnum opulus , Frequência Cardíaca , Analgesia , Anestesia por Condução , Anestésicos
13.
Rev. anesth.-réanim. med. urgence ; 11(1): 8-14, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Francês | AIM (África) | ID: biblio-1269036

RESUMO

charge d'une intervention. L'objectif de l'étude était d'évaluer la qualité de la tenue des fiches d'anesthésie à partir des indicateurs pour l'améliora-tion de la qualité et de la sécurité des soins « tenue de dossier d'anesthésie » (IPAQSS / TDA) proposés par la Haute Autorité de Santé (HAS ; France). Matériels et Méthodes : Une étude rétrospective, descriptive des fiches d'anesthésie des patients allant bénéficier d'une intervention pro-grammée au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona (Antananarivo, Madagascar) a été réalisée sur une période de deux ans (2016 - 2017). Celles des patients transférés en Réanimation Chirurgicale n'ont pas été incluses. Les critères portant sur l'identification du médecin anesthésiste, celle du patient, le traitement habituel de ce dernier, les caractéristiques des voies aériennes et leur technique d'abord, le type d'anesthésie prévue, la visite préanesthésique, les incidents per anesthésiques, l'autorisation de sortie de la salle de soins post interventionnelle ont été étudiés. Lorsque les critères proposés par l'IPAQSS / TDA de la HAS n'étaient pas applicables, ceux-ci n'ont pas été considérés. Les résultats sont exprimés en moyenne avec écartype et en fréquence. Résultats : Durant cette période 2504 fiches d'anesthésie ont été analysées. Le nombre de critères remplis par patient étaient de 6,9±1,3. Le taux de remplissage des critères pré anesthésiques était de 68,44%, per anesthésiques de 32,04% et post anesthésiques (en salle de soins post interventionnelle) de 5,67%. Le score individuel était de 0,69±0,13 ; le score global était de 68,82%. Con¬clusion : A des fins d'optimisation de la sécurité des patients et de la qualité des soins, l'évaluation de la tenue des dossiers doit être régulière. Cette évaluation


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Anestesia e Analgesia , Madagáscar , Visita a Consultório Médico , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
14.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 262-268, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-762237

RESUMO

The knowledge about detailed morphology and relation of saphenous nerve is important to obtain successful saphenous nerve regional blocks to achieve pre- and post-operative anesthesia and analgesia, nerve entrapment treatments and to avoid damage of saphenous nerve during knee and ankle surgeries. The literature describing detailed morphology of saphenous nerve is very limited. We dissected 42 formalin fixed well embalmed cadaveric lower limbs to explore detailed anatomy, relation and mode of termination of saphenous nerve and measured the distances from the nearby palpable bony landmarks. The average distance of origin of saphenous nerve from inguinal crease was 7.89±1.42 cm, the distance from upper end of medial border of patella to saphenous nerve at that level was 8.11±0.85 cm, distance from tibial tuberosity was 7.53±0.98 cm and from midpoint of anterior border of medial malleolus was 0.45±0.14 cm. Saphenous nerve provided two infrapatellar branches at the level of mid to lower limit of patellar ligament in 90% cases. It was in close contact or adhered to great saphenous vein across the lower 2/3rd of leg lying either anterior, posterior or deep to the vein. The saphenous nerve terminated by bifurcating proximal to medial malleolus in majority of cases though no obvious bifurcation was observed in 9.52% cases. The detailed morphology, relations and the distances from palpable bony landmarks may be helpful for clinicians to achieve successful saphenous nerve block and to avoid saphenous nerve damage and related complications during orthopedic procedures.


Assuntos
Anestesia e Analgesia , Tornozelo , Cadáver , Enganação , Formaldeído , Joelho , Perna (Membro) , Extremidade Inferior , Bloqueio Nervoso , Síndromes de Compressão Nervosa , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Patela , Ligamento Patelar , Veia Safena , Veias
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(3): 638-647, may.-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-961246

RESUMO

Introducción: actualmente se usan más técnicas regionales para la anestesia en las cirugías y para analgesia de los dolores posoperatrios de miembros superiores. El empleo de adyuvantes junto con anestésicos locales para el bloqueo del plexo braquial vía axilar, proporciona anestesia-analgesia adecuada de la extremidad superior para cirugías de mano y antebrazo. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad de mepivacaína-fentanilo en el bloqueo del plexo braquial vía axilar para la analgesia postoperatoria. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, longitudinal y prospectivos en el Hospital Militar Docente "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy", en el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 a noviembre de 2016. La muestra fueron 40 pacientes consecutivos divididos en dos grupos homogéneos de 20 pacientes cada uno. Se evaluó la calidad y duración de la analgesia postoperatoria mediante escala análoga visual del dolor (EVA) en 2da, 4ta y 6ta h postoperatoria, se consideró analgesia satisfactoria cuando (EVA) ≤ 3, analgesia moderada de 4 a 6 y analgesia no satisfactoria ≥ 7. Para el análisis estadístico descriptivo se determinó la media y la desviación estándar, se utilizó el test de la T de Student. Resultados: en la 2da hora grupo I EVA ≤ 3: 20 pacientes (100 %) y Grupo II: 19 pacientes (95 %) p=0.5; 4ta hora GI EVA ≤ 3: 20 pacientes (10 %) y GII: 17 pacientes (85 %) p=1; 6ta hora GI EVA ≤ 3: 19 pacientes (95 %) y GII: 10 pacientes (50 %) p=1. Las complicaciones ocuparon 10 % en ambos grupos. Conclusiones: la aplicación de mepivacaína-fentanilo para la analgesia postoperatoria resultó ser útil, con calidad y duración de la analgesia postoperatoria y con escasas complicaciones (AU).


Introduction: currently, more regional techniques are used for anesthesia in surgeries and for analgesia in postoperative pains of upper limbs. The use of adjuvants together with local anesthetics for the brachial plexus blockade by axillary way provides the adequate anesthesia-analgesia of the high limb for hand and forearm surgery. Objective: to assess the utility of mepivacaine-fentanyl in the brachial plexus blockade by axillary way for postoperative anesthesia. Materials and methods: an observational, analytic, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out in the Teaching Military Hospital ¨Dr. Mario Munoz Monroy¨ in the period from January 2014 to November 2016. The sample were 40 consecutive patients divided into two homogenous groups of 20 patients each. The quality and duration of postoperative analgesia were assessed through the pain visual analogue scale (EVA in Spanish) in the 2nd, 4th and 6th postoperative hour; analgesia was considered satisfactory when EVA ≤3; moderated when from 4 to 6, and nonsatisfactory ≥7. The media and standard deviation were determined for the descriptive statistical analysis; the T Student test was used. Results: In the 2nd hour, Group I, EVA ≤ 3: 20 patients (100 %), and Group II: 19 patients (95 %) p=0.5; in the 4th hour, Group I, EVA ≤3: 20 patients (10 %) and Group II: 17 patients (85 %) p=1. Complications were 10 % in both groups. Conclusions: the application of mepivacaine-fentanyl for postoperative analgesia was useful, with quality and duration of postoperative analgesia and scarce complications (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Axila , Fentanila/administração & dosagem , Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial , Anestesia e Analgesia/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Métodos de Análise Laboratorial e de Campo , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Cuba , Estudo Observacional , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Antebraço , Mãos
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(3): 638-647, may.-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-77278

RESUMO

Introducción: actualmente se usan más técnicas regionales para la anestesia en las cirugías y para analgesia de los dolores posoperatrios de miembros superiores. El empleo de adyuvantes junto con anestésicos locales para el bloqueo del plexo braquial vía axilar, proporciona anestesia-analgesia adecuada de la extremidad superior para cirugías de mano y antebrazo. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad de mepivacaína-fentanilo en el bloqueo del plexo braquial vía axilar para la analgesia postoperatoria. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, longitudinal y prospectivos en el Hospital Militar Docente "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy", en el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 a noviembre de 2016. La muestra fueron 40 pacientes consecutivos divididos en dos grupos homogéneos de 20 pacientes cada uno. Se evaluó la calidad y duración de la analgesia postoperatoria mediante escala análoga visual del dolor (EVA) en 2da, 4ta y 6ta h postoperatoria, se consideró analgesia satisfactoria cuando (EVA) ≤ 3, analgesia moderada de 4 a 6 y analgesia no satisfactoria ≥ 7. Para el análisis estadístico descriptivo se determinó la media y la desviación estándar, se utilizó el test de la T de Student. Resultados: en la 2da hora grupo I EVA ≤ 3: 20 pacientes (100 %) y Grupo II: 19 pacientes (95 %) p=0.5; 4ta hora GI EVA ≤ 3: 20 pacientes (10 %) y GII: 17 pacientes (85 %) p=1; 6ta hora GI EVA ≤ 3: 19 pacientes (95 %) y GII: 10 pacientes (50 %) p=1. Las complicaciones ocuparon 10 % en ambos grupos. Conclusiones: la aplicación de mepivacaína-fentanilo para la analgesia postoperatoria resultó ser útil, con calidad y duración de la analgesia postoperatoria y con escasas complicaciones (AU).


Introduction: currently, more regional techniques are used for anesthesia in surgeries and for analgesia in postoperative pains of upper limbs. The use of adjuvants together with local anesthetics for the brachial plexus blockade by axillary way provides the adequate anesthesia-analgesia of the high limb for hand and forearm surgery. Objective: to assess the utility of mepivacaine-fentanyl in the brachial plexus blockade by axillary way for postoperative anesthesia. Materials and methods: an observational, analytic, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out in the Teaching Military Hospital ¨Dr. Mario Munoz Monroy¨ in the period from January 2014 to November 2016. The sample were 40 consecutive patients divided into two homogenous groups of 20 patients each. The quality and duration of postoperative analgesia were assessed through the pain visual analogue scale (EVA in Spanish) in the 2nd, 4th and 6th postoperative hour; analgesia was considered satisfactory when EVA ≤3; moderated when from 4 to 6, and nonsatisfactory ≥7. The media and standard deviation were determined for the descriptive statistical analysis; the T Student test was used. Results: In the 2nd hour, Group I, EVA ≤ 3: 20 patients (100 %), and Group II: 19 patients (95 %) p=0.5; in the 4th hour, Group I, EVA ≤3: 20 patients (10 %) and Group II: 17 patients (85 %) p=1. Complications were 10 % in both groups. Conclusions: the application of mepivacaine-fentanyl for postoperative analgesia was useful, with quality and duration of postoperative analgesia and scarce complications (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Axila , Fentanila/administração & dosagem , Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial , Anestesia e Analgesia/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Métodos de Análise Laboratorial e de Campo , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Cuba , Estudo Observacional , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Antebraço , Mãos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-714319

RESUMO

Regional anesthesia is generally recommended over general anesthesia for non-cardiac surgeries in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) caused by pulmonary disease. However, pre-, and intra-, postoperative management are critical for patients with severe PH even when regional anesthesia is performed. This is the first reported case of carbon dioxide retention and administration of the appropriate treatment during non-cardiac surgery performed under spinal/epidural anesthesia and analgesia in a patient diagnosed with chronic cor pulmonale accompanied by severe PH.


Assuntos
Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides , Anestesia , Anestesia e Analgesia , Anestesia por Condução , Anestesia Geral , Dióxido de Carbono , Carbono , Cuidados Críticos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Pneumopatias , Doença Cardiopulmonar
18.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-714066

RESUMO

The widespread application of ultrasound in clinical anesthesiology has led to an increase in the number of practitioners performing peripheral nerve blocks of the trunk to produce analgesia and anesthesia for surgeries involving the thorax, abdomen, and lower extremities. The use of real-time ultrasound has allowed the peripheral nerves, planes, and plexuses of the trunk to be located more accurately and has improved the success rate of blocks. Compared to central neuraxial techniques, many types of truncal blocks are relatively easy to perform and have low side effect profiles. As a result, truncal blocks have been introduced to provide perioperative analgesia for surgeries involving the thorax and abdomen. The most frequently used truncal block techniques include the paravertebral block, intercostal block, pectoralis and serratus anterior block, rectus sheath block, transversus abdominis plane block, and ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve blocks. Recently introduced techniques also include the quadratus lumborum and erector spinae plane blocks. To apply each block correctly and reduce the likelihood of related side effects and complications, the practitioner must have a thorough understanding of the anatomical region, optimal block positioning, and device selection and management.


Assuntos
Abdome , Analgesia , Anestesia e Analgesia , Anestesiologia , Extremidade Inferior , Bloqueio Nervoso , Nervos Periféricos , Tórax , Ultrassonografia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-714057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block (US-ISB) has been reported to be effective postoperative analgesia for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Although considered rare, various neurological complications have been reported. We retrospectively evaluated 668 patients for post operation neurological symptoms including hemidiaphragmatic paresis and post-operative neurologic symptoms after US-ISB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 668 patients undergoing shoulder surgery with single-shot US-ISB from January 2010 to May 2015. The general anesthesia prior to the US-guided ISB procedure was standardized by expert anesthesiologists. Neurological postoperative complications were evaluated at 48 hours, about 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and up to resolution after operation. RESULTS: Three patients (0.4%) developed hemidiaphragmatic paresis (HDP), which were likely US-ISB associated and improved within 1 day. Two patients developed sensory symptoms, also likely US-ISB associated; one was paresthesia at the tip of the thumb/index finger, which resolved within 2 weeks, and the other was hypoesthesia involving the posterior auricular nerve, which resolved within 6 months. Motor and sensory symptoms which were not likely associated with US-ISB were hypoesthesia and pain (n = 28, 4.6%) and motor weakness (n = 2, 0.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of HDP and neurological complications, respectively 0.4% and 0.3%, related to transient minor sensory symptoms occurred after US-ISB for arthroscopic shoulder surgery but the complications improved spontaneously. Therefore, we confirm that the US-ISB procedure with low volumes of local anesthetics is an acceptable technique with a low rate of HDP and neurological complications.


Assuntos
Humanos , Analgesia , Anestesia e Analgesia , Anestesia Geral , Anestésicos Locais , Artroscopia , Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial , Dedos , Hipestesia , Incidência , Manifestações Neurológicas , Paresia , Parestesia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ombro , Ultrassonografia
20.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-761279

RESUMO

Epidural anesthesia has significantly advanced in neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia. It is used for surgical anaesthesia and treatment of chronic pain. Hearing loss during or after epidural anesthesia is rare, and it is known to occur by the change of the intracranial pressure. Cerebrospinal fluid is connected with perilymph in the cochlear and vestibule that is important to hearing and balance. If the intracranial pressure is abruptly transferred to the inner ear, perilymph can be leak, that called perilymphatic fistula, dizziness, and hearing loss can occur suddenly. We report a 65-year-old woman who presented with acute onset dizziness and hearing loss during the epidural nerve block for back pain, wherein we speculated a possibility of perilymphatic fistula as the mechanism of hearing loss and dizziness. The mechanism of dizziness and hearing loss was suspected with perilymphatic fistula.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Anestesia e Analgesia , Anestesia Epidural , Dor nas Costas , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Dor Crônica , Tontura , Orelha Interna , Fístula , Audição , Perda Auditiva , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Perda Auditiva Súbita , Pressão Intracraniana , Bloqueio Nervoso , Perilinfa , Pneumocefalia , Vertigem
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