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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(13): 6964-6978, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525888

RESUMO

Microbiomes are the most important members involved in the regulation of soil nitrogen metabolism. Beneficial interactions between plants and microbiomes contribute to improving the nitrogen utilization efficiency. In this study, we investigated the Apiaceae medicinal plant Angelica dahurica var. formosana. We found that under a low-nitrogen treatment, the abundance of carbon metabolites in the rhizosphere secretions of A. dahurica var. formosana significantly increased, thereby promoting the ratio of C to N in rhizosphere and nonrhizosphere soils, increasing carbon sequestration, and shaping the microbial community composition, thus promoting a higher yield and furanocoumarin synthesis. Confirmation through the construction of a synthetic microbial community and feedback experiments indicated that beneficial plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria play a crucial role in improving nitrogen utilization efficiency and selectively regulating the synthesis of target furanocoumarins under low nitrogen conditions. These findings may contribute additional theoretical evidence for understanding the mechanisms of interaction between medicinal plants and rhizosphere microorganisms.


Assuntos
Angelica , Apiaceae , Furocumarinas , Plantas Medicinais , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Solo , Nitrogênio , Raízes de Plantas , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo
2.
Redox Rep ; 29(1): 2305036, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Angelica keiskei is a medicinal and edible plant that has been reported to possess potent antioxidant properties in several in vitro models, but its effectiveness on naturally aging organisms is still lacking. This study explores the antioxidant and health-promoting effects of Angelica keiskei in naturally aging mice. METHODS: We treated 48-week-old mice with Angelica keiskei water extract (AKWE) 30 days, and measured indicators related to aging and antioxidants. In addition, we conducted network pharmacology analysis, component-target molecular docking, real-time PCR, and MTS assays to investigate relevant factors. RESULTS: The results indicated that administration of AKWE to mice led to decrease blood glucose levels, improve muscle fiber structure, muscle strength, gait stability, and increase levels of glutathione and superoxide dismutase in serum. Additionally, it decreased pigmentation of the heart tissues. Angelica keiskei combats oxidative stress by regulating multiple redox signaling pathways, and its ingredients Coumarin and Flavonoids have the potential to bind to SIRT3 and SIRT5. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated the potential of Angelica keiskei as a safe and effective dietary supplement to combat aging and revealed the broad prospects of medicinal and edible plants for addressing aging and age-related chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Angelica , Antioxidantes , Camundongos , Animais , Angelica/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Suplementos Nutricionais , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/química
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 2): 130320, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412933

RESUMO

Angelica gigas (A. gigas) is traditional medicinal herb that mainly exists in Korea and northeastern China. There have been relatively few studies conducted thus far on its polysaccharides and their bioactivities. We purified and described a novel water-soluble polysaccharide derived from A. gigas and investigated its immunoenhancing properties. The basic components of crude and purified polysaccharides (F1 and F2) were total sugar (41.07% - 70.55%), protein (1.12-10.33%), sulfate (2.9-5.5%), and uronic acids (0.5-31.05%) in total content. Our results demonstrated that the crude and fractions' molecular weights (Mw) varied from 42.2 to 285.2 × 103 g/mol. As the most effective polysaccharide, F2 significantly stimulated RAW264.7 cells to release nitric oxide (NO) and express several cytokines. Furthermore, F2 increased the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-gamma (IFN-É£), natural killer cytotoxicity receptors (NKp44), and granzyme-B in NK-92 cells and enhanced the cytotoxicity against HCT-116 cells. In our experiments, we found that F2 stimulated RAW264.7 cells and NK-92 cells via MAPK and NF-κB pathways. The monosaccharide and methylation analysis of the high immunostimulant F2 polysaccharide findings revealed that the polysaccharide was primarily composed of 1 â†’ 4, 1 â†’ 6, 1 â†’ 3, 6, 1 â†’ 3 and 1 â†’ 3, 4, 6 galactopyranose residues, 1 â†’ 3 arabinofuranose residues, 1 â†’ 4 glucopyranose residues. These results demonstrated that the F2 polysaccharide of A. gigas which possesses potential immunostimulatory attributes, could be used to create a novel functional food.


Assuntos
Angelica , NF-kappa B , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Células HCT116 , Ativação de Macrófagos , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/química
4.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(1)2024 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254968

RESUMO

In traditional Chinese medicine, Angelica dahurica is a valuable herb with numerous therapeutic applications for a range of ailments. There have not yet been any articles on the methodical assessment and choice of the best reference genes for A. dahurica gene expression studies. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) is widely employed as the predominant method for investigating gene expression. In order to ensure the precise determination of target gene expression outcomes in RT-qPCR analysis, it is imperative to employ stable reference genes. In this study, a total of 11 candidate reference genes including SAND family protein (SAND), polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTBP), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), actin (ACT), TIP41-like protein (TIP41), cyclophilin 2 (CYP2), elongation factor 1 α (EF1α), ubiquitin-protein ligase 9 (UBC9), tubulin ß-6 (TUB6), thioredoxin-like protein YLS8 (YLS8), and tubulin-α (TUBA) were selected from the transcriptome of A. dahurica. Subsequently, three statistical algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper) were employed to assess the stability of their expression patterns across seven distinct stimulus treatments. The outcomes obtained from these analyses were subsequently amalgamated into a comprehensive ranking using RefFinder. Additionally, one target gene, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), was used to confirm the effectiveness of the selected reference genes. According to the findings of this study, the two most stable reference genes for normalizing the expression of genes in A. dahurica are TIP41 and UBC9. Overall, our research has determined the appropriate reference genes for RT-qPCR in A. dahurica and provides a crucial foundation for gene screening and identifying genes associated with the biosynthesis of active ingredients in A. dahurica.


Assuntos
Angelica , Angelica/genética , Tubulina (Proteína) , Actinas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estresse Fisiológico
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 257(Pt 1): 128571, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38052286

RESUMO

Duhuo, a member of the Angelica family, is widely used to treat ailments such as rheumatic pain. It possesses a diverse array of bioactivities, including anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties, as recent pharmacological research has revealed. Nevertheless, the mtDNA of Angelica species remains relatively unexplored. To address this gap, we sequenced and assembled the mtDNA of A. biserrata to shed light on its genetic mechanisms and evolutionary pathways. Our investigation indicated a distinctive multi-branched conformation in the A. biserrata mtDNA. A comprehensive analysis of protein-coding sequences (PCGs) across six closely related species revealed the presence of 11 shared genes in their mitochondrial genomes. Intriguingly, positive selection emerged as a significant factor in the evolution of the atp4, matR, nad3, and nad7 genes. In addition, our data highlighted a recurring trend of homologous fragment migration between chloroplast and mitochondrial organelles. We identified 13 homologous fragments spanning both chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes. The phylogenetic tree established a close relationship between A. biserrata and Saposhnikovia divaricata. To sum up, our research would contribute to the application of population genetics and evolutionary studies in the genus Acanthopanax and other genera in the Araliaceae family.


Assuntos
Angelica , Genoma Mitocondrial , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Angelica/genética , Filogenia , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Mitocondrial
6.
Food Res Int ; 175: 113639, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38129016

RESUMO

This study explored the suppressive activity of Angelica dahurica (AD), AD polysaccharides, and imperatorin on free and bound heterocyclic amine (HA) formation in roast beef patties and release profiles of bound HAs during in vitro digestion. The suppressive effects and potential mechanisms associated with free radical quenching were explored using UPLC-MS/MS, multivariate statistical analysis, and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). AD (0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5%) and imperatorin (0.005%, 0.010%, and 0.015%) showed a dose-dependent inhibition for both free and bound HAs, with AD polysaccharides showing a slight inhibitory capacity. The maximum inhibition of free and bound HAs was 36.31% (1.5% AD) and 35.68% (0.015% imperatorin). The EPR results demonstrated that alkyl radicals and 1O2 were the pivotal free radicals for HAs. Furthermore, AD and imperatorin dose-dependently decreased the level of these radicals. Intriguingly, after in vitro digestion, only AD polysaccharides significantly inhibited the release of bound HAs, with imperatorin even facilitating the release process. In this study, the capacity of the AD polysaccharide to suppress the release of bound HAs and the ability of AD and imperatorin to inhibit free and bound HAs in beef patties were identified for the first time.


Assuntos
Angelica , Animais , Bovinos , Cromatografia Líquida , Aminas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Digestão
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 21733, 2023 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38066026

RESUMO

Based on geographical distribution, cultivated Chinese Angelica dahurica has been divided into Angelica dahurica cv. 'Hangbaizhi' (HBZ) and Angelica dahurica cv. 'Qibaizhi' (QBZ). Long-term geographical isolation has led to significant quality differences between them. The secretory structure in medicinal plants, as a place for accumulating effective constituents and information transmission to the environment, links the environment with the quality of medicinal materials. However, the secretory tract differences between HBZ and QBZ has not been revealed. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the secretory tract and the quality of two kinds of A. dahurica. Root samples were collected at seven development phases. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Desorption Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging (DESI-MSI) were used for the content determination and spatial location of coumarins. Paraffin section was used to observe and localize the root secretory tract. Origin, CaseViewer, and HDI software were used for data analysis and image processing. The results showed that compared to QBZ, HBZ, with better quality, has a larger area of root secretory tracts. Hence, the root secretory tract can be included in the quality evaluation indicators of A. dahurica. Additionally, DESI-MSI technology was used for the first time to elucidate the temporal and spatial distribution of coumarin components in A. dahurica root tissues. This study provides a theoretical basis for the quality evaluation and breeding of improved varieties of A. dahurica and references the DESI-MSI technology used to analyze the metabolic differences of various compounds, including coumarin and volatile oil, in different tissue parts of A. dahurica.


Assuntos
Angelica , Óleos Voláteis , Plantas Medicinais , Angelica/química , Melhoramento Vegetal , Cumarínicos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(19): 5172-5180, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38114107

RESUMO

Excessive application of chemical fertilizer has caused many problems in Angelica dahurica var. formosana planting, such as yield decline and quality degradation. In order to promote the green cultivation mode of A. dahurica var. formosana and explore rhizosphere fungus resources, the rhizosphere fungi with nitrogen fixation, phosphorus solubilization, potassium solubilization, iron-producing carrier, and IAA-producing properties were isolated and screened in the rhizosphere of A. dahurica var. formosana from the genuine and non-genuine areas, respectively. The strains were identified comprehensively in light of the morphological characteristics and ITS rDNA sequences, and the growth-promoting effect of the screened strains was verified by pot experiment. The results showed that 37 strains of growth-promoting fungi were isolated and screened from the rhizosphere of A. dahurica var. formosana, mostly belonging to Fusarium. The cultured rhizosphere growth-promoting fungi of A. dahurica var. formosana were more abundant and diverse in the genuine producing areas than in the non-genuine producing areas. Among all strains, Aspergillus niger ZJ-17 had the strongest growth promotion potential. Under the condition of no fertilization outdoors, ZJ-17 inoculation significantly promoted the growth, yield, and accumulation of effective components of A. dahurica var. formosana planted in the soil of genuine and non-genuine producing areas, with yield increases of 73.59% and 37.84%, respectively. To a certain extent, it alleviated the restriction without additional fertilization on the growth of A. dahurica var. formosana. Therefore, A. niger ZJ-17 has great application prospects in increasing yield and quality of A. dahurica var. formosana and reducing fertilizer application and can be actually applied in promoting the growth of A. dahurica var. formosana and producing biofertilizer.


Assuntos
Angelica , Fertilizantes , Rizosfera , Angelica/química , Fungos/genética , Fósforo
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 59(12)2023 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38138169

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: In spite of the oral environment being healing-prone, its dynamic changes may affect wound healing. The purpose of this study was to assess the oral wound healing effect of Angelica gigas Nakai (AG) prepared by hot-melt extrusion. Materials and Methods: Human gingival fibroblast (HGF) cells were treated with AG or AG via hot-melt extrusion (AGH) for 24 h to determine the optimal concentration. For evaluating the anti-inflammatory effect of AG and AGH, a nitric oxide assay was performed under lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. The wound-healing effects of AG and AGH were evaluated using cell proliferation/migration assays and wound-healing marker expression through qRT-PCR. Results: Both AG and AGH showed no cytotoxicity on HGH cells. Regarding nitric oxide production, AGH significantly decreased LPS-induced nitric oxide production (p < 0.05). AGH showed a significantly positive result in the cell proliferation/cell migration assay compared with that in AG and the control. Regarding wound healing marker expression, AGH showed significantly greater VEGF and COL1α1 expression levels than those in the others (p < 0.05), whereas α-SMA expression was significantly different among the groups. Conclusions: Within the limits of this study, AGH accelerated oral wound healing in vitro.


Assuntos
Angelica , Humanos , Tecnologia de Extrusão por Fusão a Quente , Óxido Nítrico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(24)2023 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38139216

RESUMO

(1) To examine the potential mechanism of the Asarum-Angelica drug pair against periodontitis and provide an experimental basis for the treatment of periodontitis with herbal medicine. (2) The core components and core targets of the Asarum-Angelica drug pair in the treatment of periodontitis were detected according to network pharmacology methods. Finally, the effect of the Asarum-Angelica drug pair on osteogenic differentiation was observed in mouse embryonic osteoblast precursor cells. (3) According to the results of network pharmacology, there are 10 potential active ingredients in the Asarum-Angelica drug pair, and 44 potential targets were obtained by mapping the targets with periodontitis treatment. Ten potential active ingredients, such as kaempferol and ß-sitosterol, may play a role in treating periodontitis. Cell experiments showed that the Asarum-Angelica drug pair can effectively promote the expression of osteoblast markers alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Runt-related Transcription Factor 2 (RUNX2), and BCL2 mRNA and protein in an inflammatory environment (p < 0.05). (4) Network pharmacology effectively analyzed the molecular mechanism of Asarum-Angelica in the treatment of periodontitis, and the Asarum-Angelica drug pair can promote the differentiation of osteoblasts.


Assuntos
Angelica , Asarum , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Periodontite , Animais , Camundongos , Farmacologia em Rede , Osteogênese , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
11.
J Med Food ; 26(11): 843-848, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37862040

RESUMO

Angelica keiskei Koidzumi (Ashitaba) is a traditional folk medicine and health supplement in Japan. Ashitaba yellow stem exudate (AYE) contains abundant chalcones and thus has the potential to treat and prevent many pathological states such as cancer, inflammation, obesity, diabetics, thrombosis, and hypertension. Levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), a key regulator of the fibrinolytic system, increase with age in mouse plasma. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effects of AYE on plasma thrombotic parameters in aging mice. Long-term (52 weeks) AYE supplementation significantly decreased age-induced increases of PAI-1 in mouse plasma. Supplementation with AYE decreased levels of the acute-phase and fibrinolytic protein plasma plasminogen, and significantly decreased those of tumor necrosis factor α. These results suggested that continuous intake of AYE throughout life decreases age-induced systemic inflammation and prevents thrombotic tendencies without affecting body weight gain in aged mice. Our findings showed that supplementing diets with AYE might help to prevent thrombotic diseases in elderly individuals.


Assuntos
Angelica , Trombose , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Idoso , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio , Aumento de Peso , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Exsudatos e Transudatos , Suplementos Nutricionais
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(19)2023 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37834161

RESUMO

Angelica dahurica radix has a long history of traditional use in China and Korea for treating headaches, cold-damp pain and skin diseases. Despite various pharmacological studies on A. dahurica, its impact on bones remains unclear. Hence, this study investigated the inhibitory effect of A. dahurica's radix water extract (WEAD) on osteoclast differentiation. In vitro experiments showed that WEAD effectively suppresses osteoclast differentiation. Treatment of an osteoclast precursor with WEAD significantly suppressed the expression of nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1 (NFATc1), essential transcription factor for osteoclastogenesis, while increasing the expression of negative regulators, interferon regulatory factor 8 (Irf8) and v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog B (MafB). Consistent with the in vitro findings, the oral administration of WEAD (100 and 300 mg/kg/day) to mice subjected to surgical ovariectomy for a duration of six weeks alleviated bone loss, while also mitigating weight gain and liver fat accumulation. In addition, we also identified phytochemicals present in WEAD, known to regulate osteoclastogenesis and/or bone loss. These results suggest the potential use of WEAD for treating various bone disorders caused by excessive bone resorption.


Assuntos
Angelica , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Reabsorção Óssea , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Angelica/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Ovariectomia
13.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 33(12): 1635-1647, 2023 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37674382

RESUMO

Muscle atrophy, which is defined as a decrease in muscle mass and strength, is caused by an imbalance between the anabolism and catabolism of muscle proteins. Thus, modulating the homeostasis between muscle protein synthesis and degradation represents an efficient treatment approach for this condition. In the present study, the protective effects against muscle atrophy of ethanol extracts of Morus alba L. (MA) and Angelica keiskei Koidz. (AK) leaves and their mixtures (MIX) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that MIX increased 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide-induced C2C12 myotube thinning, and enhanced soleus and gastrocnemius muscle thickness compared to each extract alone in dexamethasone-induced muscle atrophy Sprague Dawley rats. In addition, although MA and AK substantially improved grip strength and histological changes for dexamethasone-induced muscle atrophy in vivo, the efficacy was superior in the MIX-treated group. Moreover, MIX further increased the expression levels of myogenic factors (MyoD and myogenin) and decreased the expression levels of E3 ubiquitin ligases (atrogin-1 and muscle-specific RING finger protein-1) in vitro and in vivo compared to the MA- and AK-alone treatment groups. Furthermore, MIX increased the levels of phosphorylated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) that were reduced by dexamethasone, and downregulated the expression of forkhead box O3 (FoxO3a) induced by dexamethasone. These results suggest that MIX has a protective effect against muscle atrophy by enhancing muscle protein anabolism through the activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and attenuating catabolism through the inhibition of FoxO3a.


Assuntos
Angelica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Ratos , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Atrofia Muscular/induzido quimicamente , Atrofia Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/efeitos adversos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Mamíferos/metabolismo
14.
Gene ; 888: 147757, 2023 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37661027

RESUMO

Angelica dahurica roots have a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine due to their high coumarin content. To address the increasing demand for these roots, a synthetic biology approach has been proposed. Nevertheless, our comprehension of coumarin biosynthesis and its regulation remains limited. In this study, we utilized Hiseq2500 sequencing to analyze the transcriptomes of A. dahurica at different growth stages while concurrently quantifying coumarin content. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis was employed to identify key genes involved in coumarin and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was applied to identify gene modules strongly associated with coumarin content, elucidating the regulatory relationships between transcription factors (TFs) and pathway genes. Furthermore, KEGG enrichment analysis was used to explore essential pathways governing coumarin biosynthesis, with the identification of hub genes. Our results indicated that total coumarin content was highest in the roots, followed by leaves and stems, across all three developmental stages. Transcriptome analysis identified a total of 92,478 genes, among which 215 and 30 genes were implicated in coumarin and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis, respectively. Within the 73 identified gene modules by WGCNA, three modules-namely aquamarine1 (comprising two OMTs, one CSE, one AACT, one HDS, two PSs, one 2OGO, four UGTs, and seven CYP450s), darkmagenta (containing one UGT and one HDR), and navajowhite2 (consisting of one HCT, three UGTs, one CYP71A25, one OMT, one CSE, one HDS, and one PT)-were strongly associated with imperatorin, oxypeucedanin, and isoimperatorin content, respectively. KEGG enrichment analysis highlighted significant enrichment of cytochrome P450, transporter, and ubiquitin system pathways. Moreover, TF-gene regulatory analysis unveiled the complexity of coumarin biosynthesis, with 17 TF families regulating 17 genes in the aquamarine1 module, 8 TF families regulating 2 genes in the darkmagenta module, and 8 TF families regulating 7 genes in the navajowhite2 module. These comprehensive findings provide valuable insights into coumarin biosynthesis in A. dahurica, facilitating future research and potential applications in traditional Chinese medicine and synthetic biology strategies.


Assuntos
Angelica , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais/genética , Angelica/genética , Cumarínicos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Terpenos
15.
PeerJ ; 11: e15997, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37692115

RESUMO

Background: Rhizosphere bacteria play important roles in plant growth and secondary metabolite accumulation. Moreover, only with favorable production areas and desirable germplasm can high-yield and high-quality medicinal materials be produced. However, whether origin and germplasm indirectly affect the yield and quality of Angelica dahurica var. formosana through rhizosphere bacterial effects are not known. Methods: In this study, a high-throughput sequencing strategy was used to explore the relationship between the rhizosphere bacterial community and the cultivation of A. dahurica var. formosana from different production areas and germplasm for the first time. Results: (1) Proteobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in the rhizosphere soil of A. dahurica var. formosana, and these bacteria were stable and conserved to a certain extent. (2) High abundance of Proteobacteria was an important rhizospheric indicator of high yield, and high abundance of Firmicutes was an important indicator of high quality. Proteobacteria and Firmicutes might have an important relationship with the yield and quality of A. dahurica var. formosana, respectively. (3) PCoA cluster analysis demonstrated that both production area and germplasm affected the bacterial community structure in the rhizosphere of A. dahurica var. formosana to a certain extent, and production area had the greatest effect. In addition to available potassium, the rhizosphere soil nutrient levels of different production areas strongly affected the bacterial diversity and community. These findings provide a theoretical basis for the exploitation and utilization of rhizosphere microbial resources of A. dahurica var. formosana and offer a novel approach for increasing the yield and quality of this crop.


Assuntos
Angelica , Gastrópodes , Animais , Rizosfera , Bactérias/genética , Proteobactérias/genética , Firmicutes , Solo
16.
J Nat Med ; 77(4): 1009-1021, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37581741

RESUMO

Sampling surveys of Angelica acutiloba and A. acutiloba var. iwatensis, which are medicinal plants endemic to Japan, were conducted in the Chubu region in the central area of the main island of Japan. A. acutiloba grows in riverbeds in mountainous areas, while A. acutiloba. var. iwatensis grows on slopes near mountain ridges at 1000 m above sea level or on constantly collapsing rocky slopes and bare fields on developed land along asphalt roads in valleys of mountainous areas. Specimens of two wild Angelica species collected in this region were examined for maternal lineage by DNA polymorphism analysis of the atpF-atpA region for chloroplast DNA using direct sequencing and genomic component analysis by genome-wide SNP using MIG-seq. In this study area, while all A. acutiloba populations were monophyletic in both maternal and ancestral lineages, A. acutiloba var. iwatensis were genetically heterogeneous due to being composed of three maternal and three ancestral lineages to various degrees. In addition, a natural hybrid population with maternal lineage presumed to be A. acutiloba and paternal lineage A. acutiloba var. iwatensis was also found. In the present study, we report that the combined method of atpF-atpA and MIG-seq analyses is a useful tool for determining the population genetic structure of two wild Angelica species and for identifying hybrids.


Assuntos
Angelica , Plantas Medicinais , Angelica/genética , Angelica/química , DNA de Cloroplastos/genética , Plantas Medicinais/química , Genética Populacional , Japão
17.
Molecules ; 28(13)2023 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37446909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the accumulation and mutual transformation patterns of the chemical components in Angelica dahurica (A. dahurica) and predict the quality markers (Q-Markers) of its antioxidant activity. METHOD: The types of and content changes in the chemical components in various parts of A. dahurica during different periods were analyzed by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technology (GC-MS). The antioxidant effect of the Q-Markers was predicted using network pharmacological networks, and molecular docking was used to verify the biological activity of the Q-Markers. RESULT: The differences in the content changes in the coumarin compounds in different parts were found by using GC-MS technology, with the relative content being the best in the root, followed by the leaves, and the least in the stems. The common components were used as potential Q-Markers for a network pharmacology analysis. The component-target-pathway-disease network was constructed. In the molecular docking, the Q-Markers had a good binding ability with the core target, reflecting better biological activity. CONCLUSIONS: The accumulation and mutual transformation patterns of the chemical components in different parts of A. dahurica were clarified. The predicted Q-Markers lay a material foundation for the establishment of quality standards and a quality evaluation.


Assuntos
Angelica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Angelica/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37310353

RESUMO

In Korea, Angelica gigas is commonly known as Danggui. However, two other species on the market, Angelica acutiloba and Angelica sinensis, are also commonly called Danggui. Since the three Angelica species have different biologically active components, thus, different pharmacological activities, clear discrimination between them is needed to prevent their misuse. A. gigas is used not only as a cut or powdered product but also in processed foods, where it is mixed with other ingredients. To discriminate between the three Angelica species, reference samples were analysed as non-targeted using liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight/mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF/MS) and a metabolomics approach in which a discrimination model was established by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Then, the Angelica species in the processed foods were identified. First, 32 peaks were selected as marker compounds and a discrimination model was created using PLS-DA, and its validation was confirmed. Classification of the Angelica species was undertaken using the YPredPS value, and it was confirmed that all 21 foods examined contained the appropriate Angelica species indicated on the product packaging. Likewise, it was confirmed that all three Angelica species were accurately classified in the samples to which they were added.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis , Angelica , Angelica/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Angelica sinensis/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Metabolômica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 15(11): 5144-5163, 2023 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37310405

RESUMO

Increasing incidence of skin aging has highlighted the importance of identifying effective drugs with repurposed opportunities for skin aging. We aimed to identify pharmaco-active compounds with drug-repurposing opportunities for skin aging from Angelica acutiloba (Siebold & Zucc.) Kitag. (AAK). The proximity of network medicine framework (NMF) firstly identified 8 key AAK compounds with repurposed opportunities for skin aging, which may exert by regulating 29 differentially expressed genes (DGEs) of skin aging, including 13 up-regulated targets and 16 down-regulated targets. Connectivity MAP (cMAP) analysis revealed 8 key compounds were involved in regulating the process of cell proliferation and apoptosis, mitochondrial energy metabolism and oxidative stress of skin aging. Molecular docking analysis showed that 8 key compounds had a high docked ability with AR, BCHE, HPGD and PI3, which were identified as specific biomarker for the diagnosis of skin aging. Finally, the mechanisms of these key compounds were predicted to be involved in inhibiting autophagy pathway and activating Phospholipase D signaling pathway. In conclusion, this study firstly elucidated the drug-repurposing opportunities of AAK compounds for skin aging, providing a theoretical reference for identifying repurposing drugs from Chinese medicine and new insights for our future research.


Assuntos
Angelica , Envelhecimento da Pele , Angelica/metabolismo , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Molecules ; 28(10)2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37241850

RESUMO

Pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is a major pathogen of pine wilt disease (PWD), which is a devastating disease affecting pine trees. Eco-friendly plant-derived nematicides against PWN have been considered as promising alternatives to control PWD. In this study, the ethyl acetate extracts of Cnidium monnieri fruits and Angelica dahurica roots were confirmed to have significant nematicidal activity against PWN. Through bioassay-guided fractionations, eight nematicidal coumarins against PWN were separately isolated from the ethyl acetate extracts of C. monnieri fruits and A. dahurica roots, and they were identified to be osthol (Compound 1), xanthotoxin (Compound 2), cindimine (Compound 3), isopimpinellin (Compound 4), marmesin (Compound 5), isoimperatorin (Compound 6), imperatorin (Compound 7), and bergapten (Compound 8) by mass and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectral data analysis. Coumarins 1-8 were all determined to have inhibitory effects on the egg hatching, feeding ability, and reproduction of PWN. Moreover, all eight nematicidal coumarins could inhibit the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and Ca2+ ATPase of PWN. Cindimine 3 from C. monnieri fruits showed the strongest nematicidal activity against PWN, with an LC50 value of 64 µM at 72 h, and the highest inhibitory effect on PWN vitality. In addition, bioassays on PWN pathogenicity demonstrated that the eight nematicidal coumarins could effectively relieve the wilt symptoms of black pine seedlings infected by PWN. The research identified several potent botanical nematicidal coumarins for use against PWN, which could contribute to the development of greener nematicides for PWD control.


Assuntos
Angelica , Nematoides , Pinus , Tylenchida , Animais , Cnidium , Xylophilus , Acetilcolinesterase/farmacologia , Frutas , Antinematódeos/farmacologia , Antinematódeos/química , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Doenças das Plantas
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