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1.
Actas Esp Psiquiatr ; 52(2): 83-98, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular dementia (VaD) is a prevalent neurodegenerative disease characterized by cognitive impairment due to cerebrovascular factors, affecting a significant portion of the aging population and highlighting the critical need to understand specific targets and mechanisms for effective prevention and treatment strategies. We aimed to identify pathways and crucial genes involved in the progression of VaD through bioinformatics analysis and subsequently validate these findings. METHODS: We conducted differential expression analysis, Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WGCNA), Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, and Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) analysis. We utilized pheochromocytoma 12 (PC12) cells to create an in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model. We investigated the impact of overexpression and interference of adrenoceptor alpha 1D (ADRA1D) on OGD PC12 cells using TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL), reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), western blot (WB), and Fluo-3-pentaacetoxymethyl ester (Fluo-3 AM) analysis. RESULTS: We found 187 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the red module that were strongly associated with VaD and were primarily enriched in vasoconstriction, G protein-coupled amine receptor activity, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, and cell adhesion. Among these pathways, we identified ADRA1D as a gene shared by vasoconstriction, G protein-coupled amine receptor activity, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. The TUNEL assay revealed a significant decrease in PC12 cell apoptosis with ADRA1D overexpression (p < 0.01) and a significant increase in apoptosis upon silencing ADRA1D (p < 0.01). RT-qPCR and WB analysis revealed elevated ADRA1D expression (p < 0.001) and decreased phospholipase C beta (PLCß) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) expression (p < 0.05) with ADRA1D overexpression. Moreover, the Fluo-3 AM assessment indicated significantly lower intracellular Ca2+ levels with ADRA1D overexpression (p < 0.001). Conversely, interference with ADRA1D yielded opposite results. CONCLUSION: Our study provides a new perspective on the pathogenic mechanisms of VaD and potential avenues for therapeutic intervention. The results highlight the role of ADRA1D in modulating cellular responses to OGD and VaD, suggesting its potential as a target for VaD treatment.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Demência Vascular , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Xantenos , Animais , Ratos , Humanos , Idoso , Demência Vascular/genética , Ligantes , Aminas , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP
2.
Biotechnol J ; 19(4): e2300723, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622797

RESUMO

Polyurethane (PU) is a complex polymer synthesized from polyols and isocyanates. It contains urethane bonds that resist hydrolysis, which decreases the efficiency of biodegradation. In this study, we first expressed the amidase GatA250, and then, assessed the enzymatic characterization of GatA250 and its efficiency in degrading the polyester-PU. GatA250 degraded self-synthesized thermoplastic PU film and postconsumption foam with degradation efficiency of 8.17% and 4.29%, respectively. During the degradation, the film released 14.8 µm 4,4'-methylenedianiline (MDA), but 1,4-butanediol (BDO) and adipic acid (AA) were not released. Our findings indicated that GatA250 only cleaved urethane bonds in PU, and the degradation efficiency was extremely low. Hence, we introduced the cutinase LCC, which possesses hydrolytic activity on the ester bonds in PU, and then used both enzymes simultaneously to degrade the polyester-PU. The combined system (LCC-GatA250) had higher degradation efficiency for the degradation of PU film (42.2%) and foam (13.94%). The combined system also showed a 1.80 time increase in the production of the monomer MDA, and a 1.23 and 3.62 times increase in the production of AA and BDO, respectively, compared to their production recorded after treatment with only GatA250 or LCC. This study provides valuable insights into PU pollution control and also proposes applicable solutions to manage PU wastes through bio-recycling.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico , Poliésteres , Poliuretanos , Poliésteres/química , Amidoidrolases
3.
JCO Precis Oncol ; 8: e2300454, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591867

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The National Cancer Institute Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice trial is a signal-finding genomically driven platform trial that assigns patients with any advanced refractory solid tumor, lymphoma, or myeloma to targeted therapies on the basis of next-generation sequencing results. Subprotocol E evaluated osimertinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with EGFR mutations. METHODS: Eligible patients had EGFR mutations (T790M or rare activating) and received osimertinib 80 mg once daily. Patients with lung cancer with EGFR T790M were excluded. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR), and the secondary end points were 6-month progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, and toxicity. RESULTS: A total of 19 patients were enrolled: 17 were evaluable for toxicity and 13 for efficacy. The median age of the 13 included in the efficacy analysis was 63 years, 62% had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 1, and 31% received >three previous systemic therapies. The most common tumor type was brain cancers (54%). The ORR was 15.4% (n = 2 of 13; 90% CI, 2.8 to 41.0) and 6-month PFS was 16.7% (90% CI, 0 to 34.4). The two confirmed RECIST responses were observed in a patient with neuroendocrine carcinoma not otherwise specified (EGFR exon 20 S768T and exon 18 G719C mutation) and a patient with low-grade epithelial carcinoma of the paranasal sinus (EGFR D770_N771insSVD). The most common (>20%) treatment-related adverse events were diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, and maculopapular rash. CONCLUSION: In this pretreated cohort, osimertinib did not meet the prespecified end point threshold for efficacy, but responses were seen in a neuroendocrine carcinoma with an EGFR exon 20 S768T and exon 18 G719C mutation and an epithelial carcinoma with an EGFR D770_N771insSVD mutation. Osimertinib was well tolerated and had a safety profile consistent with previous studies.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , National Cancer Institute (U.S.) , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Mutação , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612799

RESUMO

EGFR exon 20 (EGFR Ex20) insertion mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are insensitive to traditional EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Mobocertinib is the only approved TKI specifically designed to target EGFR Ex20. We performed an international, real-world safety and efficacy analysis on patients with EGFR Ex20-positive NSCLC enrolled in a mobocertinib early access program. We explored the mechanisms of resistance by analyzing postprogression biopsies, as well as cross-resistance to amivantamab. Data from 86 patients with a median age of 67 years and a median of two prior lines of treatment were analyzed. Treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) occurred in 95% of patients. Grade ≥3 TRAEs were reported in 38% of patients and included diarrhea (22%) and rash (8%). In 17% of patients, therapy was permanently discontinued, and two patients died due to TRAEs. Women were seven times more likely to discontinue treatment than men. In the overall cohort, the objective response rate to mobocertinib was 34% (95% CI, 24-45). The response rate in treatment-naïve patients was 27% (95% CI, 8-58). The median progression-free and overall survival was 5 months (95% CI, 3.5-6.5) and 12 months (95% CI, 6.8-17.2), respectively. The intracranial response rate was limited (13%), and one-third of disease progression cases involved the brain. Mobocertinib also showed antitumor activity following EGFR Ex20-specific therapy and vice versa. Potential mechanisms of resistance to mobocertinib included amplifications in MET, PIK3CA, and NRAS. Mobocertinib demonstrated meaningful efficacy in a real-world setting but was associated with considerable gastrointestinal and cutaneous toxicity.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Éxons
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612842

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an essential role in tumor progression and in modulating tumor response to anticancer therapy. Cellular senescence leads to a switch in the cell secretome, characterized by the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which may regulate tumorigenesis. Senolytic therapy is considered a novel anticancer strategy that eliminates the deleterious effects of senescent cells in the TME. Here, we show that two different types of senolytic drugs, despite efficiently depleting senescent cells, have opposite effects on cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and their ability to regulate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We found that senolytic drugs, navitoclax and the combination of dasatinib/quercetin, reduced the number of spontaneously senescent and TNF-induced senescent CAFs. Despite the depletion of senescent cells, the combination of dasatinib/quercetin versus navitoclax increased the secretion of the SASP pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6. This differential effect correlated with the promotion of enhanced migration and EMT in MC38 colorectal cancer cells. Our results demonstrate that some senolytics may have side effects unrelated to their senolytic activity and may promote tumorigenesis. We argue for more careful and extensive studies of the effects of senolytics on various aspects of tumor progression and tumor resistance to therapy before the senolytic strategy is implemented in the clinic.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Senoterapia , Sulfonamidas , Humanos , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Carcinogênese , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Citocinas , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Cancer Res ; 84(8): 1188-1190, 2024 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616658

RESUMO

Residual cancer cells persist even after targeted therapies, serving as a reservoir for the subsequent acquisition of genetic alterations that lead to acquired drug resistance and tumor relapse. These initial drug-tolerant persisters (DTP) are phenotypically heterogenous with transient phenotypes attributed to epigenetic, metabolic, and cell-cycle changes. DTPs are responsible for the inevitable relapse seen in EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) despite high initial response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. While past in vitro studies identified diverse drivers of drug-tolerant persistence to EGFR TKIs in NSCLC, the resultant phenotypic plasticity is not well understood and in vivo models of persistence are lacking. In this issue of Cancer Research, Hu and colleagues used patient-derived xenograft models of EGFR-mutant lung cancer treated with the third-generation TKI osimertinib to investigate mechanisms of persistence at the time of maximal response. Using bulk and single-cell RNA sequencing, the authors identified a DTP transcriptional cluster mediated by the key neuroendocrine lineage transcription factor ASCL1, which triggers an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition transcriptional program. ASCL1 overexpression increased osimertinib tolerance in vitro as well, apparently independent of its role in neuroendocrine differentiation. Interestingly, the ability of ASCL1 to induce persistence was context dependent as this occurred only in epigenetically permissive cells. Overall, these findings contribute to our understanding of DTP heterogeneity seen after osimertinib treatment and provide insights into potential therapeutic targets. See related article by Hu et al., p. 1303.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Recidiva , Receptores ErbB/genética
9.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 103(4): e14517, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610074

RESUMO

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been well validated as a therapeutic target for anticancer drug discovery. Osimertinib has become the first globally accessible third-generation EGFR inhibitor, representing one of the most advanced developments in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapy. However, a tertiary Cys797 to Ser797 (C797S) point mutation has hampered osimertinib treatment in patients with advanced EGFR-mutated NSCLC. Several classes of fourth-generation EGFR inhibitors were consequently discovered with the aim of overcoming the EGFRC797S mutation-mediated resistance. However, no clinical efficacy data of the fourth-generation EGFR inhibitors were reported to date, and EGFRC797S mutation-mediated resistance remains an "unmet clinical need." Proteolysis-targeting chimeric molecules (PROTACs) obtained from EGFR-TKIs have been developed to target drug resistance EGFR in NSCLC. Some PROTACs are from nature products. These degraders compared with EGFR inhibitors showed better efficiency in their cellular potency, inhibition, and toxicity profiles. In this review, we first introduce the structural properties of EGFR, the resistance, and mutations of EGFR, and then mainly focus on the recent advances of EGFR-targeting degraders along with its advantages and outstanding challenges.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Receptores ErbB/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(14): 17300-17312, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557010

RESUMO

Early secretory antigenic target-6 (ESAT-6) is regarded as the most immunogenic protein produced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, whose detection is of great clinical significance for tuberculosis diagnosis. However, the detection of the ESAT-6 antigen has been hampered by the expensive cost and complex experimental procedures, resulting in low sensitivity. Herein, we developed a titanium carbide (Ti3C2Tx)-based aptasensor for ESAT-6 detection utilizing a triple-signal amplification strategy. First, acetylene black (AB) was immobilized on Ti3C2Tx through a cross-linking reaction to form the Ti3C2Tx-AB-PAn nanocomposite. Meanwhile, AB served as a conductive bridge, and Ti3C2Tx can synergistically promote the electron transfer of PAn. Ti3C2Tx-AB-PAn exhibited outstanding conductivity, high electrochemical signals, and abundant sites for the loading of ESAT-6 binding aptamer II (EBA II) to form a novel signal tag. Second, N-CNTs were adsorbed on NiMn layered double hydride (NiMn LDH) nanoflowers to obtain NiMn LDH/N-CNTs, exhibiting excellent conductivity and preeminent stability to be used as electrode modification materials. Third, the biotinylated EBA (EBA I) was immobilized onto a streptavidin-coated sensing interface, forming an amplification platform for further signal enhancement. More importantly, as a result of the synergistic effect of the triple-signal amplification platform, the aptasensor exhibited a wide detection linear range from 10 fg mL-1 to 100 ng mL-1 and a detection limit of 4.07 fg mL-1 for ESAT-6. We envision that our aptasensor provides a way for the detection of ESAT-6 to assist in the diagnosis of tuberculosis.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose , Humanos , Acetileno , Adsorção , Limite de Detecção , Titânio , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Estreptavidina , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
11.
Hematology ; 29(1): 2337230, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, also commonly referred to as Sweet syndrome, is often associated with tumors, infections, immune disorders and medications. FLT3 inhibitor-induced Sweet syndrome is a rare complication. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report a patient with relapsed and refractory acute monocytic leukemia harboring high-frequency FLT3-ITD and DNMT3a mutations. The FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib was administered for reinduction therapy after failure of chemotherapy with a combination of venetoclax, decitabine, aclarubicin, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. The leukemia patient achieved remission after 1 month of treatment. However, Sweet syndrome induced by gilteritinib, which was confirmed by skin biopsy, developed during induction therapy. Similar cases of Sweet syndrome following FLT3 inhibitor therapy for acute myeloid leukemia were reviewed. CONCLUSION: Attention should be given to this rare complication when FLT3 inhibitors are used for acute myeloid leukemia therapy, and appropriate treatments need to be administered in a timely manner.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndrome de Sweet , Humanos , Síndrome de Sweet/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome de Sweet/diagnóstico , Compostos de Anilina , Pirazinas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética
12.
Clin Respir J ; 18(4): e13748, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that loss of the EGFR T790M gene mutation may contribute to the development of resistance to Osimertinib in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). AIMS: This study aims to assess the relationship between the clinical effectiveness of Osimertinib in NSCLC patients and the T790M mutation status following resistance to Osimertinib and examine differences between plasma and tissue tests and between Asian and non-Asian groups. METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases were comprehensively searched for studies on the association between T790M mutation status and the efficacy of Osimertinib between January 2014 and November 2023. Meta-analysis was carried out using Review Manager 5.4 software. RESULTS: After evaluating 2727 articles, a total of 14 studies were included in the final analysis. Positive correlations between EGFR T790M mutation status after Osimertinib resistance and longer PFS (HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.30-0.66), longer OS (HR: 0.3, 95% CI: 0.10-0.86), longer TTD (HR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.45-1.07), and improved clinical outcomes including PFS and TTD subgroups (HR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.47-0.73) were observed. Subgroup analysis revealed that, compared with the blood tests, the results of the T790M mutation tests by the tissue are more significant (HR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.11-0.52 for tissue tests; HR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.22-1.00 for plasma tests), and the PFS of Osimertinib were similar for Asian and non-Asian patients (HR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.31-0.68 for Asians; HR: 0.12, 95% CI: 0.01-1.27 for non-Asians). CONCLUSIONS: Persistence of the T790M gene mutation after the development of Osimertinib resistance is associated with higher therapeutic benefits of Osimertinib in NSCLC patients. The results of tissue detection are more significant than those of plasma detection.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
13.
Neuromolecular Med ; 26(1): 6, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504005

RESUMO

Familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a rare disease caused by autosomal-dominant mutations. APP (encoding amyloid precursor protein), PSEN1 (encoding presenilin 1), and PSEN2 (encoding presenilin 2) are the most common genes cause dominant inherited AD. This study aimed to demonstrate a Chinese early-onset AD pedigree presenting as progressive memory impairment, apraxia, visual-spatial disorders, psychobehavioral disorders, and personality changes with a novel APP gene mutation. The family contains four patients, three carries and three normal family members. The proband underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 18F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET), cerebrospinal fluid amyloid detection, 18F-florbetapir (AV-45) Positron Emission Computed Tomography (PET) imaging, whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing. Brain MRI images showed brain atrophy, especially in the entorhinal cortex, temporal hippocampus, and lateral ventricle dilation. The FDG-PET showed hypometabolism in the frontotemporal, parietal, and hippocampal regions. 18F-florbetapir (AV-45) PET imaging showed cerebral cortex Aß protein deposition. The cerebrospinal fluid amyloid protein test showed Aß42/Aß40 ratio decreases, pathological phosphor-tau level increases. Whole-exome sequencing detected a new missense mutation of codon 671 (M671L), which was a heterozygous A to T point mutation at position 2011 (c.2011A > T) in exon 16 of the amyloid precursor protein, resulting in the replacement of methionine to Leucine. The co-separation analysis was validated in this family. The mutation was found in 3 patients, 3 clinical normal members in the family, but not in the other 3 unaffected family members, 100 unrelated normal subjects, or 100 sporadic patients with AD. This mutation was probably pathogenic and novel in a Chinese Han family with early-onset AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Compostos de Anilina , Etilenoglicóis , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Mutação , China , Presenilina-1/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo
14.
Oncotarget ; 15: 232-237, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497774

RESUMO

Here, I suggest that while first-line osimertinib extends median progression-free survival (PFS) in EGFR-mutant lung cancer compared to first-generation TKIs, it reduces individual PFS in 15-20% of patients compared to first-generation TKIs. Since detecting a single resistant cell before treatment is usually impossible, osimertinib must be used in all patients as a first-line treatment, raising median PFS overall but harming some. The simplest remedy is a preemptive combination (PC) of osimertinib and gefitinib. A comprehensive PC (osimertinib, afatinib/gefitinib, and capmatinib) could dramatically increase PFS for 80% of patients compared to osimertinib alone, without harming anyone. This article also explores PCs for MET-driven lung cancer.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Gefitinibe , Afatinib , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6491, 2024 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499619

RESUMO

The EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib has been approved for the first-line treatment of EGFR-mutated Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) patients. Despite its efficacy, patients develop resistance. Mechanisms of resistance are heterogeneous and not fully understood, and their characterization is essential to find new strategies to overcome resistance. Ceramides are well-known regulators of apoptosis and are converted into glucosylceramides (GlcCer) by glucosylceramide synthase (GCS). A higher content of GlcCers was observed in lung pleural effusions from NSCLC patients and their role in osimertinib-resistance has not been documented. The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic potential of inhibiting GCS in NSCLC EGFR-mutant models resistant to osimertinib in vitro and in vivo. Lipidomic analysis showed a significant increase in the intracellular levels of glycosylceramides, including GlcCers in osimertinib resistant clones compared to sensitive cells. In resistant cells, the GCS inhibitor PDMP caused cell cycle arrest, inhibition of 2D and 3D cell proliferation, colony formation and migration capability, and apoptosis induction. The intratumoral injection of PDMP completely suppressed the growth of OR xenograft models. This study demonstrated that dysregulation of ceramide metabolism is involved in osimertinib-resistance and targeting GCS may be a promising therapeutic strategy for patients progressed to osimertinib.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Glucosiltransferases , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptores ErbB , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
16.
Clin Transl Sci ; 17(3): e13766, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511563

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertion (ex20ins) mutations represent ~6%-12% of all EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. First-, second-, and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have limited clinical activity against EGFR ex20ins mutations. Mobocertinib is a first-in-class oral EGFR TKI that selectively targets in-frame EGFR ex20ins mutations in NSCLC; accelerated approval in the United States was granted for the treatment of adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC with EGFR ex20ins mutations whose disease has progressed on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. Accelerated approval was based on the results from the three-part, open-label, multicenter, pivotal phase I/II nonrandomized clinical trial (NCT02716116) that enrolled 114 patients with locally advanced or metastatic EGFR ex20ins mutation-positive NSCLC who were previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and received mobocertinib at the recommended dosage of 160 mg once daily. At the November 1, 2021, data cutoff date, the confirmed objective response rate per independent review committee (IRC) was 28%, median duration of response was 15.8 months, median progression-free survival per IRC was 7.3 months, and median overall survival was 20.2 months. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were gastrointestinal- and skin-related. The phase III EXCLAIM-2 study evaluated mobocertinib versus chemotherapy as first-line therapy for locally advanced or metastatic EGFR ex20ins-positive NSCLC; however, the primary end point was not met, resulting in initiating voluntary withdrawal of mobocertinib worldwide. This mini-review article summarizes the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetic characteristics, key clinical trials, and clinical efficacy and safety data for mobocertinib.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Adulto , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Ciência Translacional Biomédica
17.
Pharm Res ; 41(4): 699-709, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519815

RESUMO

AIMS: To develop a semi-mechanistic hepatic compartmental model to predict the effects of rifampicin, a known inducer of CYP3A4 enzyme, on the metabolism of five drugs, in the hope of informing dose adjustments to avoid potential drug-drug interactions. METHODS: A search was conducted for DDI studies on the interactions between rifampicin and CYP substrates that met specific criteria, including the availability of plasma concentration-time profiles, physical and absorption parameters, pharmacokinetic parameters, and the use of healthy subjects at therapeutic doses. The semi-mechanistic model utilized in this study was improved from its predecessors, incorporating additional parameters such as population data (specifically for Chinese and Caucasians), virtual individuals, gender distribution, age range, dosing time points, and coefficients of variation. RESULTS: Optimal parameters were identified for our semi-mechanistic model by validating it with clinical data, resulting in a maximum difference of approximately 2-fold between simulated and observed values. PK data of healthy subjects were used for most CYP3A4 substrates, except for gilteritinib, which showed no significant difference between patients and healthy subjects. Dose adjustment of gilteritinib co-administered with rifampicin required a 3-fold increase of the initial dose, while other substrates were further tuned to achieve the desired drug exposure. CONCLUSIONS: The pharmacokinetic parameters AUCR and CmaxR of drugs metabolized by CYP3A4, when influenced by Rifampicin, were predicted by the semi-mechanistic model to be approximately twice the empirically observed values, which suggests that the semi-mechanistic model was able to reasonably simulate the effect. The doses of four drugs adjusted via simulation to reduce rifampicin interaction.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A , Pirazinas , Rifampina , Humanos , Rifampina/farmacocinética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Modelos Epidemiológicos , Interações Medicamentosas , Modelos Biológicos
18.
Int J Pharm ; 654: 123975, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452833

RESUMO

Targeted therapies enhance the efficacy of tumour screening and management while lowering side effects. Multiple tumours, including liver cancer, exhibit elevated levels of folate receptor expression. This research attempted to develop surface-functionalised bosutinib cubosomes against hepatocellular carcinoma. The novelty of this work is the anti-hepatic action of bosutinib (BST) and folic acid-modified bosutinib cubosomes (BSTMF) established through proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase (SrC)/ focal adhesion kinase(FAK), reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and cell cytotoxicity. Later, the in-vivo pharmacokinetics of BSTMF were determined for the first time. The strong affinity of folic acid (FA) for folate receptors allows BSTMF to enter cells via FA receptor-mediated endocytosis. The particle size of the prepared BSTMF was 188.5 ± 2.25 nm, and its zeta potential was -20.19 ± 2.01 mV, an encapsulation efficiency of 90.31 ± 3.15 %, and a drug release rate of 76.70 ± 2.10 % for 48 h. The surface architecture of BSTMF was identified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Atomic force microscopy (AFM). Cell-line studies demonstrated that BSTMF substantially lowered the viability of Hep G2 cells compared to BST and bosutinib-loaded cubosomes (BSTF). BSTMF demonstrated an elevated BST concentration in tumour tissue than in other organs and also displayed superior pharmacokinetics, implying that they hold potential against hepatic cancers. This is the first study to show that BSTMF may be effective against liver cancer by targeting folate receptors and triggering SrC/FAK-dependent apoptotic pathways. Multiple parameters demonstrated that BSTMF enhanced anticancer targeting, therapeutic efficacy, and safety in NDEA-induced hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Nanopartículas , Nitrilas , Quinolinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Fólico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Tamanho da Partícula
19.
Leuk Res ; 139: 107481, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484432

RESUMO

The BYOND study evaluated the efficacy and safety of bosutinib 500 mg once daily in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) resistant/intolerant to prior tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). These post-hoc analyses assessed the efficacy and safety of bosutinib by resistance or intolerance to prior TKIs (imatinib-resistant vs dasatinib/nilotinib-resistant vs TKI-intolerant), and cross-intolerance between bosutinib and prior TKIs (imatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib), in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic phase CML. Data are reported after ≥3 years' follow-up. Of 156 patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic phase CML, 53 were imatinib-resistant, 29 dasatinib/nilotinib-resistant, and 74 intolerant to all prior TKIs; cumulative complete cytogenetic response rates at any time were 83.7%, 61.5%, and 86.8%, and cumulative major molecular response rates at any time were 72.9%, 40.7%, and 82.4%, respectively. Of 141, 95, and 79 patients who received prior imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib, 64 (45.4%), 71 (74.7%), and 60 (75.9%) discontinued the respective TKI due to intolerance; of these, 2 (3.1%), 5 (7.0%), and 0 had cross-intolerance with bosutinib. The response rates observed in TKI-resistant and TKI-intolerant patients, and low cross-intolerance between bosutinib and prior TKIs, further support bosutinib use for patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic phase CML resistant/intolerant to prior TKIs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02228382.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica , Nitrilas , Quinolinas , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , 60410
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130784, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467212

RESUMO

Along with the developing of flexible electronics, there is a strong interest in high performance flexible energy storage materials. As natural carbohydrate polymer, cellulose fibers have potential applications in the area due to their biodegradability and flexibility. However, their conductive and electrochemical properties are impossible to meet the demands of practical applications. In this study, cellulose fibers were combined with polyaniline to develop novel paper-based supercapacitor electrode material. Cellulose fibers were firstly coordinated to Cu(II) and subsequently involved in polymerization of polyaniline. Not only the mass loading of polyaniline was significantly increased, but also an impressive area specific capacitance (2767 mF/cm2 at 1 mA/cm2) was achieved. The developed strategy is efficient, environmentally friendly, and has implications for the development of cellulosic paper-based advanced functional materials.


Assuntos
Celulose , Cobre , Compostos de Anilina , Eletrodos
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