Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.806
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304957, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The research literature has reported the need for educators to develop suitable programs geared toward the nurturance of gifted students. Although some non-Western countries have adopted policies to foster the growth of exceptional students, their contributions to research in gifted education are limited. To expand the literature on gifted education, this study was guided by Ajzen's theory of planned behavior to explore the attitudes and self-conceptions of gifted and talented students in the United Arab Emirates. METHODS: The revised Self-Perception Profile for Children and Opinions About the Gifted and Their Education scales were used to collect data from 150 high school students in Abu Dhabi, one of seven states (emirates) in the United Arab Emirates. AMOS software version 29 was used to conduct confirmatory factor and path analyses. To evaluate the differences between the background variables on attitudes and self-concepts, t-tests were calculated using SPSS software version 28. RESULTS: The study found a relationship between the attitudes and self-concepts of students regarding their participation in enrichment programs. The hypothesized moderation effect of demographic variables on the relationship between attitudes and self-concepts was not supported. CONCLUSION: The study's limitations and implications for educators in the United Arab Emirates to prioritize programs geared toward developing the attitudes and self-concepts of gifted students are discussed in detail.


Assuntos
Atitude , Criança Superdotada , Autoimagem , Estudantes , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Emirados Árabes Unidos , Adolescente , Estudantes/psicologia , Criança Superdotada/psicologia , Árabes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Criança
2.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304151, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The importance of patient perception of patient safety has been proven as an active role in promoting safety and predicting harm. Patients play a vital role in the healthcare sector and the impact of patient perception of patient safety has been repetitively proven in the literature to be for its effectiveness in predicting harm and promoting safety. Nonetheless, there is limited knowledge about the specific insights patients can provide concerning safety within Arab countries. Therefore, improving and strengthening active patient participation by including patients' perceptions of safety could offer novel contributions to the realm of patient safety. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the validity of the Arabic version of the PMOS-30. METHOD: The forward-backward translation procedure was used to translate and validate the PMOS-30. Mix methods were used to assess the validity of the translated version. The expert raters evaluated the content validity and interviews were conducted with in-patients to assess the face validity. Test-retest approach was conducted to pilot the final Arabic version. RESULTS: Data of face validity from 13 participants for the first test and 5 participants for the re-test was collected and showed an improvement in the clarity rate (71.50% and 94.66% respectively). With respect to the content validity of the final version, the CVI was 0.92, indicating excellent relevant results. CONCLUSION: The final version of the revised was approved by the expert to be a valid tool to measure patient perceptions of patient safety in Arabic-speaking patients to be utilized on patient safety improvement initiatives.


Assuntos
Segurança do Paciente , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções , Árabes , Tradução
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13624, 2024 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871762

RESUMO

Among Arab-American women in Michigan, rates of cervical cancer screening are lower than those in non-Hispanic White and Black women in the state. A deep understanding of the Arab community's perspective on cervical cancer screening is needed to address the disparity in rates across populations in Michigan. Arab and Chaldean women across Michigan were invited to participate in Zoom-based focus groups to understand the attitudes, acceptability, and barriers of cervical cancer screening among this population. Four focus groups with a total of 19 women aged 30 to 61 were conducted. The focus groups were conducted in English, Arabic, or both languages. The guided discussion was focused on knowledge of cervical cancer and Human papillomavirus (HPV) and its transmission, attitudes towards HPV vaccination, and attitudes towards cervical cancer screening. HPV self-sampling as an alternative to traditional provider-based screening was specifically discussed as this has been proposed as a way to increase screening in hard-to-reach populations. The conversations revealed insights related to barriers at the individual and community levels for screening and vaccination, attitudes towards preventive health care including screening, a need for accessible women's health literature, and health education. The women also discussed vaccine hesitancy related to HPV and COVID-19, suggesting a need for targeted community interventions.


Assuntos
Árabes , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Árabes/psicologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Grupos Focais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Michigan , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2400068, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843472

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Germline genetic testing (GGT) significantly affects cancer care. While universal testing has been studied in Western societies, less is known about adoption elsewhere. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 3,319 unselected, pan-cancer Jordanian patients diagnosed between April 2021 and September 2022 received GGT. Pathogenic germline variant (PGV) frequency among patients who were in-criteria (IC) or out-of-criteria (OOC; 2020 National Comprehensive Cancer Network criteria) and changes in clinical management in response to GGT results were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using two-tailed Fisher's exact test with significance level P < .05. RESULTS: The cohort was predominantly female (69.9%), with a mean age of 53.7 years at testing, and 53.1% were IC. While patients who were IC were more likely than patients who were OOC to have a PGV (15.8% v 9.6%; P < .0001), 149 (34.8%) patients with PGVs were OOC. Clinical management recommendations in response to GGT, including changes to treatment and/or follow-up, were made for 57.3% (161 of 281) of patients with high- or moderate-risk PGVs, including 26.1% (42 of 161) of patients who were OOC. CONCLUSION: Universal GGT of patients with newly diagnosed cancer was successfully implemented in Jordan and led to identification of actionable PGVs that would have been missed with guidelines-based testing.


Assuntos
Árabes , Testes Genéticos , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Neoplasias , Humanos , Feminino , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Árabes/genética , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Adulto Jovem
5.
Prog Brain Res ; 286: 107-128, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876572

RESUMO

This study investigated the association between aerobic and muscular fitness with the cognitive control and academic performance of preadolescent Arab children. Ninety-three children aged 10-13years (mean=11.5, SD=0.5) representing eight Arab nations (Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Yemen, and Morocco) participated in this cross-sectional study. The participants completed tests for aerobic (progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run) and muscular (maximum grip strength) fitness, and cognitive control (flanker task). We assessed their academic performance based on their overall grade point average (GPA). Our analyses revealed that greater aerobic fitness was associated with higher GPA scores and greater muscular fitness was associated with a shorter response time in a task condition requiring extensive cognitive control (incongruent condition). No association was found between aerobic fitness and flanker task performance nor between muscular fitness and GPA. These results bridge the knowledge gap on the associations of physical fitness to the cognitive control and academic performance of Arab children, suggesting that the positive associations found in Western and Asian literature can be generalized to the Arab context.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Árabes , Cognição , Força da Mão , Aptidão Física , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13735, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877141

RESUMO

This study delved into the dynamics of perceived challenges, adoption, and assessment of Western values of democracy and human rights among university students in Palestine, particularly in the aftermath of the 2023 War on Gaza. A mixed-methods strategy was used in the research, with a participant pool of 384 students representing a range of demographics. By exploring the impact of geopolitical events, the results revealed a positive link between perceived challenges and the assessment of Western values. Although there is a notable gender and geographic difference in the assessment and adoption of Western values, females and those living in cities and villages are shown to have greater perceived challenges with these values. The qualitative component, including interviews with 12 students, provided valuable insights into the postwar evolution of Palestinian perspectives, highlighting a notable shift in attitudes, initially characterized by belief in the superiority of Western values, followed by a decline in faith during the war. This decline is attributed to traumatic events, biased media narratives, and the contradiction between idealized standards and harsh realities. In conclusion, the study emphasizes the need for a comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted influences on Palestinian perceptions of Western values.


Assuntos
Árabes , Democracia , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Oriente Médio , Árabes/psicologia , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Guerra , Estudantes/psicologia , Atitude
7.
Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 7(4): e494, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38874277

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although risk factors linked to diabetic retinopathy (DR) among patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been extensively studied globally, the specific determinants of these factors in relation to DR in Palestine are presently not well understood. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included patients who underwent DR screening with a fundus camera (VersaCam a). The study included patients aged ≥18 with T2DM, excluding those with other types of diabetes or a history of malignancies. Univariable and multivariable logistic regressions were used to identify factors associated with DR. RESULTS: A total of 1163 patients with T2DM were included in this study. Of these, 211 (18.1%) patients were classified in the DR group, 761 (65.4%) in the no DR group and 191 (16.4%) were ungradable. Among the included patients, 434 (37.3%) were male. A secondary level of education or higher and a BMI ≥30 kg/m2, compared with <25 kg/m2, were independently and inversely associated with DR, with odds ratios (ORs) of 0.46 (p < 0.001) and 0.58 (p = 0.046), respectively. A 5-year increase in the duration of T2DM correlated with 45% higher odds of having DR (p < 0.001). Patients with DR were more likely to have HbA1c >7%, be physically inactive and use insulin, with ORs of 1.63 (p = 0.02), 2.05 (p < 0.001) and 1.53 (p = 0.03), respectively. Age, gender, occupational status, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia were not independent predictors of DR (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Longer duration of T2DM, HbA1c >7%, physical inactivity and insulin use were all independently associated with the presence of DR. Furthermore, a secondary or higher educational level and obesity demonstrated independent and inverse associations with the development of DR.


Assuntos
Árabes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Retinopatia Diabética , Humanos , Masculino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Retinopatia Diabética/etiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Idoso , Hemoglobinas Glicadas/análise
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 664, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic features among schoolchildren in the West Bank, Palestine. METHODS: A stratified cluster sample of 1278 schoolchildren (620 males, 658 females, mean age 12 years and 5 months (± 0.5)) were examined. Candidates who had not received any previous orthodontic treatment were only included. Dental anomalies like missing and ectopic teeth were recorded. The anteroposterior occlusal relationship was assessed based on Angle classification. Overjet and overbite were measured. Crowding and spacing were recorded subjectively. In addition, crossbite, openbite, and midline displacement were recorded. The chi-square test and descriptive analysis were used statistically. RESULTS: The study found Angle Class I molar relationship in 65%, Class II div 1 in 17%, Class II div 2 in 6%, and Class III in 12% of the sample. An overjet (OJ) of more than 4 mm was present in 17%, and 4% had OJ of more than 6 mm; an OJ of at least 0 mm or less in 36%, and 6% had a reverse OJ. A normal overbite was observed in 53%, while 28% had an increase and 19% had a decreased overbite. An anterior openbite (AOB) was present in 9%, and a scissor bite or anterior crossbite in 6% and 14%, respectively. A posterior crossbite was observed in 12% (9% unilateral and 3% bilateral). Midline displacement was found in (9%). Crowding was observed in 35% and 31% and spacing in 24% and 15% of the maxillary and mandibular arches, respectively. A statistically significant relationship between gender and midline shift, a diastema, spacing in the upper arch, and most dental anomalies was found; males were more affected (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study reported a high prevalence of malocclusion among schoolchildren in Palestine. A collaborative effort should be directed to obtain more monitoring and surveillance of malocclusion more frequently to prevent and control the exacerbation of the problem.


Assuntos
Árabes , Diastema , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão Classe I de Angle , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Criança , Prevalência , Sobremordida/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/epidemiologia , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/epidemiologia , Diastema/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão Classe I de Angle/epidemiologia , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Mordida Aberta/epidemiologia , Erupção Ectópica de Dente/epidemiologia , Anodontia/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adolescente
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12097, 2024 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866810

RESUMO

Migrants face many barriers to mental health care, such as different cultural concepts of distress, unfamiliar pathways to care, and language. Digital mental health interventions are effective and scalable in multi-language versions. However, their implementation into routine care is in its infancy. Here, we report on the Arabic- and German-language implementation of two digital interventions in Germany: The iFightDepression® website, providing information about depression to the public, and the iFightDepression® tool, offering guided self-management for depression. Our main goal is to gain empirical knowledge about the success of their implementation and provide evidence-based recommendations for improvement. Data for the current analyses stem from convenience samples, utilizing anonymized user logs of the iFightDepression® website and 15.307 user accounts in the iFightDepression® tool. We found that the acceptability (time on page, usage behavior) of both digital interventions was comparable between the two user groups. The website pervasiveness of the target populations was nine times lower among Arab migrants in Germany than Germans (89 vs. 834 unique page views/ 100,000 inhabitants), but the increase in views was superior and sustained over three years. The adoption of the tool was lower among Arabic than German users (conversion rate from invitation to completed registration: 30.8% vs. 59.0%, p < 0.001) and appropriateness was challenged as Arabic users reported higher depression severities upon first registration (p = 0.027). Our results show that the uptake of digital interventions for migrants requires facilitation and further tailoring to the needs of the target group.


Assuntos
Depressão , Idioma , Humanos , Alemanha , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Migrantes/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Árabes/psicologia
10.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 24(1): 175, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many old people have at least one chronic disease. As a result, multiple drugs should be used. Gastrointestinal complications may occur because of the harmful effects of these chronic drugs on the stomach. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of upper gastrointestinal complications in patients taking chronic medications, the severity of these symptoms, and whether they take any gastro-protective drugs or not. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study through face-to-face questionnaires from internal outpatient clinics at a specialized hospital. Patients with chronic diseases who were taking at least one chronic medication were included in the study. Data Collection Form was used to gather information. The Short-Form Leeds Dyspepsia Questionnaire (SF-LDQ) was used to evaluate the severity of the upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. RESULTS: A total of 400 patients with chronic diseases and using multiple medications were included. Among them, 53.8% were females and 56% were married, 58.5% were unemployed, 70% were not smokers, the mean age was 54.7 ± 17.5 years. The most common comorbid diseases among the patients were diabetes, hypertension, and arthritis, with percentages of 44.3%, 38%, and 27.3%, respectively. The mean number of chronic medications used was 3.36 ± 1.6 with a range of 1 to 9. The most commonly used was aspirin with a percentage of 50%, followed by atorvastatin, bisoprolol, and insulin with percentages of 29.5%, 25%, and 20.3%, respectively. Among the 400 participants, 362 (90.5%) suffered from upper gastrointestinal side effects like indigestion (65.8%), heartburn (78.3%), nausea (48.8%), and regurgitation (52.0%). Based on SF-LDQ scoring, of the 400 respondents, 235(58.8%), 109(27.3%) and 18(4.5%) suffered from mild, moderate and severe dyspepsia, respectively. A high percentage 325 (81.3%) of participants were prescribed gastro-protective medications. Proton pump inhibitors were the most prescribed group in 209 (52.3%) patients. Dyspepsia was significantly associated with older age (p-value = 0.001), being educated (p-value = 0.031), not being single (p-value < 0.001), having health insurance (p-value = 0.021), being a smoker (p-value = 0.003), and using ≥ 5 medications (p-value < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Upper gastrointestinal complications among patients with chronic diseases were very common. Fortunately, the symptoms were mild in most cases. The risk increased with age and using a higher number of medications. It is important to review patients' medications and avoid overuse of them, in addition to use gastro-protective agents when needed.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Crônica , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Adulto , Comorbidade , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Dispepsia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Polimedicação
11.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303308, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assesses the quality and readability of Arabic online information about orthodontic pain. With the increasing reliance on the internet for health information, especially among Arabic speakers, it's critical to ensure the accuracy and comprehensiveness of available content. Our methodology involved a systematic search using the Arabic term for (Orthodontic Pain) in Google, Bing, and Yahoo. This search yielded 193,856 results, from which 74 websites were selected based on predefined criteria, excluding duplicates, scientific papers, and non-Arabic content. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For quality assessment, we used the DISCERN instrument, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, and the Health on the Net (HON) code. Readability was evaluated using the Simplified Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), and Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL) scores. RESULTS: Results indicated that none of the websites received the HONcode seal. The DISCERN assessment showed median total scores of 14.96 (± 5.65), with low overall quality ratings. In JAMA benchmarks, currency was the most achieved aspect, observed in 45 websites (60.81%), but none met all four criteria simultaneously. Readability scores suggested that the content was generally understandable, with a median FKGL score of 6.98 and a median SMOG score of 3.98, indicating middle school-level readability. CONCLUSION: This study reveals a significant gap in the quality of Arabic online resources on orthodontic pain, highlighting the need for improved standards and reliability. Most websites failed to meet established quality criteria, underscoring the necessity for more accurate and trustworthy health information for Arabic-speaking patients.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Internet , Humanos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Idioma , Dor , Árabes , Leitura
12.
Lancet ; 403(10441): 2285, 2024 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38759662
13.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 168, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783212

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Primary brain tumors (PBTs) are uncommon, but they significantly increase the risk of disability and death. There is a deficiency of data concerning the epidemiology and anatomical distribution of PBTs among adults in Palestine. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study in which data were collected from the clinical reports of Palestinian patients diagnosed with PBTs at Al-Makassed Hospital during the period (2018-2023). RESULTS: In Palestinian adolescents and adults, the incidence rate of PBTs was 3.92 per 100,000 person-years. Glioblastoma (18.8%) was the most common type identified, and it was more common in males. Non-malignant tumors were more common than malignant tumors (2.41 vs. 1.52 per 100,000). The mortality rate from PBTs was 4.8%. The most common initial symptom was headaches, and it occurred more with non-malignant tumors (57.28% vs. 42.72%, p-value < 0.001). Cerebral meninges (26.3%) were the most common location for primary brain tumors (p-value < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This is the first study of primary brain tumor epidemiology in Palestine. The overall incidence of PBTs in Palestinian adolescents and adults was 3.96 per 100,000, which was lower than the incidence rate of primary brain tumors worldwide. More studies on the epidemiology and distribution of PBTs in Palestine are recommended.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Glioblastoma/epidemiologia
14.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1440, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38811887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molar pregnancies, encompassing complete and partial moles, represent a rare and enigmatic gestational disorder with potential ethnic variations in incidence. This study aimed to investigate relations of ethnicity with risks of complete and partial molar pregnancies within an Israeli population while accounting for age differences. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of data recorded during 2007-2021 in an academic medical center in Israel. The study population comprised 167 women diagnosed with complete or partial moles, for whom data were obtained through histological examination and P57 immunostaining. Maternal age and ethnicity were extracted from electronic medical records. Incidence rates were calculated per 10,000 live births, and a nested case-control study compared demographic characteristics and molar pregnancy incidences between Arab and Jewish women. Statistical analyses included age-adjusted comparisons, relative risk calculations and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The overall risk of molar pregnancy was 22 per 10,000 live births (95% confidence interval [CI] 18-25). Among Arab women, the overall risk was 21 (95% CI 17-25), and for PM and CM: 14 (95% CI 11-17) and 7 (95% CI 5-10), respectively. Among Jewish women, the overall risk was 23 (95% CI 18-29), and for PM and CM: 12 (95% CI 8-17) and 11 (95% CI 7-16), respectively. Among Arab women compared to Jewish women, the proportion of all the partial moles was higher: (65.3% vs. 51.6%, p = 0.05). The incidence of partial mole was higher among Arab than Jewish women, aged 35-39 years (26 vs. 8 per 10,000, p = 0.041), and did not differ in other age groups. After adjusting for age, the relative risk of partial moles was lower among Jews than Arabs (0.7, 95% CI 0.4-1.0, p = 0.053). For Arab compared to Jewish women, the mean age at molar pregnancies was younger: 31.0 vs. 35.1 years. However, other factors did not differ significantly between Arab and Jewish women with molar pregnancies. In multivariate analysis, Jewish ethnicity was significantly associated with a higher risk of complete molar pregnancies (OR = 2.19, 95% CI 1.09-4.41, p = 0.028). CONCLUSION: This study highlights ethnic differences in molar pregnancy risk within the Israeli population. Jewish ethnicity was associated with a higher risk of complete molar pregnancies, while Arab women had a significantly higher risk of partial moles. These findings underscore the need to consider ethnicity when studying gestational disorders. Further research should seek to elucidate the underlying factors contributing to these differences.


Assuntos
Árabes , Mola Hidatiforme , Judeus , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Judeus/estatística & dados numéricos , Israel/epidemiologia , Adulto , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Mola Hidatiforme/etnologia , Mola Hidatiforme/epidemiologia , Incidência , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Adulto Jovem , Idade Materna , Fatores de Risco
15.
Geriatr Nurs ; 57: 199-207, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain diminishes the quality of life for many Older Adults individuals. Identifying effective coping methods to enhance pain resilience is imperative as populations age. Older Adults commonly use religious faith and spiritual practices to endure pain, yet little research has explored their impact on pain tolerance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined relationships between positive/negative religious coping styles and pain endurance in 200 Arab elders with chronic pain. Participants completed the Brief Arab Religious Coping Scale, Numeric Pain Rating Scale, WHOQOL-BREF, and demographic/medical history questionnaires. RESULTS: Quantitative analysis demonstrated significant positive associations between positive religious reappraisal and active spiritual coping with higher self-reported pain endurance (p<.05). Negative religious coping styles lacked meaningful relationships with pain tolerance. Multiple regression confirmed the unique effects of reappraisal and spiritual practice on improving pain resilience, controlling for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes align with perspectives highlighting multidimensional neurocognitive, emotional, and psychosocial pain relief from religious coping. Findings underscore integrating positive faith-based resources in biopsychosocial paradigms for Older Adult's pain management. Additional research should investigate causal pathways and contextual factors influencing religious coping effects on diverse Older Adult subgroups.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Árabes , Dor Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Idoso , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Árabes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resiliência Psicológica , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Espiritualidade , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Medição da Dor
16.
Adv Life Course Res ; 60: 100614, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749369

RESUMO

Despite changes in women's status in recent decades in Arab-Palestinian society in Israel, marriage and motherhood still play a central role. Moreover, although the increase in the integration rates of young Arab-Palestinian women into the higher education system, as girls belonging to a minority group with traditional structures, they are expected to prioritize family and community expectations over personal aspirations. This study focuses on art projects of female Arab-Palestinian college students in Israel, which serve as a prism for detecting cultural perceptions of pathways to entering adulthood among this population today. These topics are central themes in the projects in question. Working on these projects forced the students to profoundly contemplate their life stage - being engaged or newly married and young mothers. The aim of the study was to decode the artworks in order to explore the students' feelings and thoughts on a topic rarely considered through the eyes of the young women themselves. The study provides a nuanced examination of the social processes that young educated Arab-Palestinian women experience in the current family structure. By analysing the projects using visual tools from semiotics and art history, along with verbal texts provided by the students, we assert that these projects serve as a crucial avenue for students' self-expression regarding topics seldom addressed. Even though the projects cannot be understood as critical of traditional gender expectations, we did find some interesting voices of unease regarding them. The move from their parents' home to their new one is widely described as difficult, where sadness and concern about the future are highly noticeable. In addition to accepting the stages of marriage and motherhood with joy and excitement, they also express fear and hesitation. This tension between fulfilling their expected roles and being unsure and hesitant about them exists in the projects. We claim that even if implicit and careful, these signs are important to recognize. However, it seems that higher education has failed to significantly undermine patriarchal and gender expectations.


Assuntos
Árabes , Casamento , Mães , Estudantes , Humanos , Feminino , Árabes/psicologia , Israel , Casamento/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Universidades , Adolescente
17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1357, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worldwide mothers are suffering from postpartum depression (PPD) which impairs mothers' well-being, children, and families, and leads to adverse outcomes for mothers and their growing newborns. Low and middle-income countries have a higher prevalence of PPD and limited studies about it. This study assessed the percentage of Palestinian mothers experiencing PPD nationally, identified mothers at a higher risk of PPD, and studied the correlation between PPD and mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: The study is based on a secondary data analysis from a cross-sectional study in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). A total of 745 telephone-based interviews with mothers were done within 2-4 weeks post-childbirth. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used as a screening tool for PPD. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) was used for analyzing the data. RESULTS: In the context of descriptive epidemiology, we observed that 12.6% of the selected Palestinian mothers experienced PPD, with a higher occurrence of PPD among mothers living in the Gaza Strip, a politically and economically unstable region in Palestine, compared to mothers living in the West Bank (Adjusted Odd Ratio (AOD: 2.2, Confidence Interval (CI): 1.4-3.44). Older mothers were two times more likely to develop PPD compared to young mothers (AOR: 2.03, CI: 1.070-3.84). Mothers who experienced disrespectful behaviors represented by any abuse, negligence, abandonment, ineffective communication, or poor pain management in childbirth settings were more likely to report PPD than those who were not exposed to the disrespect. CONCLUSION: A notable percentage of Palestinian mothers were identified as experiencing PPD, especially among mothers who experienced mistreatment in childbirth settings. It is essential to support healthcare providers to improve their practices and attitudes to eliminate mistreatment and abusive behaviors of mothers during childbirth.


Assuntos
Árabes , Depressão Pós-Parto , Humanos , Feminino , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Árabes/psicologia , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Mães/psicologia , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Semin Oncol Nurs ; 40(3): 151646, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735783

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the Supportive Care Needs Survey Short Form 34 (SCNS-SF34-A) among heterogonous group of cancer patients. METHOD: This was a multicenter, prospective, descriptive-correlational survey that included 297 cancer patients recruited from two hospitals. The tool construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were evaluated. RESULTS: The participants comprised 60.6% females, with ages ranging from 18 to 82 years. The majority were married (71.7%) and had mainly breast cancer (28.3%). Exploratory factor analysis supported a four-factor structure that are: health system information and patient support domain, psychological domain, physical and daily living domain, and sexuality domain. This tool explained 64.2% of the variance. The SCNS-SF34-A demonstrated excellent internal consistency for the whole scale (Cronbach's alpha = 0.954) and high test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.954) for the subscales (Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.82 to 0.95 and ICC ranged from 0.950 to 0.960. CONCLUSION: SCNS-SF34-A exhibits robust psychometric properties and holds promise for enhancing cancer care in the Arab world, contributing to a more tailored and effective approach to addressing patients' supportive care needs. The four-factor structure aligns with international studies, emphasizing the nuanced nature of variations. Further validation in diverse Arabic-speaking populations and the exploration of additional forms of validity are recommended. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The SCNS-SF34-A presents a reliable, culturally adapted, and sensitive assessment tool for the diverse supportive care needs of cancer patients in Oman and the Arab world. It contributes to the improvement of the quality of cancer care and patient-centered approach in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Psicometria , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Adulto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Avaliação das Necessidades , Árabes/psicologia , Apoio Social
19.
Eur J Public Health ; 34(3): 537-543, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited language fluency can impede healthcare system navigation. In Sweden, the national telehealth line (Healthcare Guide 1177) offers interpretation in Arabic and Somali. We compared calls by language to identify differences in healthcare use for immigrant populations, focusing on three contact causes: pregnancy; vomiting or nausea in children; and worry/anxiety. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 3.9 million (n = 18 351 Arabic, n = 7199 Somali) telehealth calls (2014-18). Using multivariable logistic regression, we investigated associations between language of the call (Arabic, Somali, non-interpreted) and each contact cause. Potential confounders (age, region, year, and additionally for vomiting or nausea, month) and an interaction between age and language were considered. RESULTS: Compared with non-interpreted calls, interpreted calls were associated with increased odds of being for pregnancy, especially for 19 to 29-year-olds [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) (95% CI) = 4.04 (3.66-4.46) and 4.60 (4.05-5.23), for Arabic and Somali calls, respectively]. Vomiting or nausea showed similar results, with aOR increasing with age: from 0.90 (0.75-1.07) (Arabic, <1 year) to 3.79 (2.86-5.01) (Somali, 5-9 years). In contrast, in unadjusted analyses, Arabic and Somali calls were associated with decreased odds of being for worry/anxiety [OR = 0.47 (0.38-0.58) and 0.34 (0.21-0.50)], respectively, compared with non-interpreted calls. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest callers to the interpreted lines may need additional assistance navigating the healthcare system for pregnancy and for vomiting or nausea among children. These findings can inform healthcare services planning for immigrants to Sweden and highlight a novel use of telehealth data as a way to uncover disparities in healthcare use within a multi-linguistic population.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Idioma , Telemedicina , Humanos , Feminino , Suécia , Estudos Transversais , Somália/etnologia , Adulto , Gravidez , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Árabes/estatística & dados numéricos , Árabes/psicologia , Criança , Vômito , Náusea , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ansiedade , Pré-Escolar
20.
Aust Health Rev ; 48(3): 332-333, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740039

RESUMO

The magnitude of suffering on both the Israeli and Palestinian sides of the current war is beyond comprehension. Political agendas, misinformation and bias related to the conflict are being seen far too frequently in healthcare and medical academia. We believe it is time for healthcare professionals to redirect our attention away from politics and use our medical training to advocate for peace, care, and the welfare of all people, regardless of which side of the conflict they fall into. Politics in the workplace, particularly when disseminated information is divisive and, at times, based on opinion rather than fact, risks significant harm to patients, their families, and healthcare staff, as well as to institutional reputation. If we genuinely care for the well-being of patients and staff, we must lead by example and prevent healthcare systems and medical journals from being hijacked by politics.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Política , Humanos , Israel , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Árabes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...