Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.452
Filtrar
1.
Nephrol Ther ; 20(2): 1-17, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567520

RESUMO

Introduction: Medication non-adherence is a global concern, particularly in the context of renal transplantation, where it leads to graft failures, increased hospitalizations, diminished quality of life for patients, and higher healthcare costs. The aim of this study was to assess the level of therapeutic adherence among Algerian kidney transplant recipients and identify potential influencing factors. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional bicenter study was conducted among kidney transplant patients receiving outpatient care at two specialized medical centers in Algeria: the Urology Department of the Hospital Establishment for Urology, Nephrology, and Renal Transplantation in Constantine, and the Nephrology and Renal Transplantation Department of the University Hospital Center (CHU) in Blida, spanning from January to December 2022. Therapeutic adherence was assessed using the 8-item Morisky questionnaire, while the level of knowledge was analyzed through a 12-item questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with non-adherence to therapy. Results: This study included 130 patients with an average age of 47 years and a sex ratio of 1.7. The results revealed therapeutic non-adherence in 40.8% of the patients. Multivariate analysis identified several potentially associated factors, including residence, unemployment status, lack of affiliation with a health insurance fund, the use of a therapeutic regimen involving triple therapy, the occurrence of adverse effects, limited education level, and insufficient disease knowledge. Furthermore, non-adherence was associated with an increased risk of graft rejection. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight concerning therapeutic adherence among kidney transplant recipients, emphasizing the crucial importance of therapeutic education to improve treatment adherence and underscoring the need to integrate these factors into clinical patient management.


Introduction: La non-observance thérapeutique est un problème mondial préoccupant, notamment dans le contexte de la transplantation rénale où elle entraîne des échecs de greffe, une augmentation des hospitalisations, une détérioration de la qualité de vie des patients et des coûts de santé accrus. Cette étude avait pour objectif d'évaluer le niveau d'observance thérapeutique chez les transplantés rénaux algériens et d'identifier les facteurs qui pourraient l'influencer. Méthodes: Une étude descriptive transversale bicentrique a été menée auprès de patients transplantés rénaux suivis en ambulatoire dans deux centres médicaux spécialisés en Algérie : le service d'urologie de l'Établissement hospitalier spécialisé (EHS) en urologie, néphrologie et transplantation rénale de Constantine ainsi que le service de néphrologie et transplantation rénale du Centre hospitalier universitaire (CHU) de Blida, sur une période allant de janvier à décembre 2022. L'observance thérapeutique a été évaluée à l'aide du questionnaire à 8 items de Morisky, tandis que le niveau de connaissance a été analysé à travers un questionnaire de 12 items. La régression logistique a été utilisée pour identifier les facteurs associés à la non-observance thérapeutique. Résultats: Cette étude a inclus 130 patients présentant un âge moyen de 47 ans et un sex ratio de 1,7. Les résultats ont révélé une non-observance thérapeutique chez 40,8 % des patients. L'analyse multivariée a permis d'identifier plusieurs facteurs potentiellement associés à cette non-observance, notamment le lieu d'habitation, le statut de chômage, l'absence d'affiliation à une caisse d'assurance maladie, l'utilisation d'un schéma thérapeutique incluant une trithérapie, la survenue d'effets indésirables, le niveau d'éducation limité et une connaissance insuffisante de la maladie. En outre, la non-observance a été associée à un risque accru de rejet de greffe. Conclusion: Les résultats de cette étude révèlent une observance thérapeutique préoccupante chez les transplantés rénaux, soulignant l'importance cruciale de l'éducation thérapeutique afin de l'améliorer et mettant en évidence la nécessité d'intégrer ces facteurs dans la gestion clinique des patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Argélia , Qualidade de Vida , Adesão à Medicação , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rejeição de Enxerto
2.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(6): 1497-1511, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557714

RESUMO

Identifying vulnerable areas to erosion within the watershed and implementing best management practices (BMPs) are crucial steps in mitigating watershed degradation by minimizing sediment yields. The present study evaluates and identifies the BMPs in the Seybouse basin, northeastern Algeria, using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model. After successful calibration and validation, the model demonstrated a satisfactory ability to simulate monthly discharge and sediment. Then, the calibrated model was employed to evaluate the efficacy of diverse management practices in sediment control. In the SWAT, three soil and conservation practices, as well as vegetated filter strips (VFSs), grade stabilization structures (GSSs), and terracing were evaluated. The average annual sediment yield in the Seybouse watershed is determined to be 14.43 t/ha year, constituting 71% of the total soil loss. VFS demonstrated a sediment reduction of 37.30%, GSS 20.40%, and terracing 42.30%. Among these strategies, terracing results in the greatest reduction, followed by VFS. The results of this study area can be useful for informed decision-making regarding optimal watershed management strategies.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Rios , Argélia , Modelos Teóricos , Solo , Água
3.
Parasitol Res ; 123(3): 159, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466451

RESUMO

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans, caused by the metacestode of Echinococcus granulosus. The disease has significant health and economic impacts worldwide, particularly in endemic areas. The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hydatid cysts in ruminants (cattle and sheep) (n = 2060) from the Setif Province of Algeria using microscopy. The results showed that hydatid cysts were detected in 9.6% (198/2060) of ruminants, with a higher prevalence in cattle (16.8%; 56/333) compared to sheep (8.2%; 142/1727). Molecular techniques were used to analyze a subset of animals consisting of 30 sheep and 4 cattle. Specifically, a fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (mt-CO1) gene was sequenced and compared to sequences from seven humans from the same region. The results indicated that all isolates were identified as E. granulosus sensu stricto. Haplotype analysis identified 19 E. granulosus s.s. haplotypes arranged like a star, with the dominant haplotype (Hap04) at the center. Hap04 has been assigned a total of 17 positives, including positives from sheep, cattle, and two humans. This study is noteworthy for being the first to use a molecular approach to human and ruminant echinococcosis in Setif, a significant breeding region in Algeria.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus granulosus , Echinococcus , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Argélia/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/veterinária , Echinococcus granulosus/genética , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Ruminantes , Ovinos
4.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(4): 383, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502244

RESUMO

Land use and land cover are critical factors that influence the environment and human societies. The dynamics of LULC have been constantly changing over the years, and these changes can be analyzed at different spatial and temporal scales to evaluate their impact on the natural environment. This study employs multitemporal satellite data to investigate the spatial and temporal transformations that occurred in Sidi Bel Abbes province, situated in the northwestern region of Algeria, spanning from the early 1990s to 2020. Notably, this province is marked by semi-arid and arid climates and hosts a wide range of areas susceptible to gravitational hazards, especially concerning alterations in land use and forest fires. The interactive supervised classification tool utilized multiple machine learning algorithms including Random Forest, Support Vector Machine, Classification and Regression Tree, and Naïve Bayes to produce land cover maps with six main classes: forest, shrub, agricultural, pasture, water, and built-up. The findings showed that the LULC in the research area is undergoing continuous change, particularly in the forest and agricultural lands. The forest area has decreased significantly from 10.80% in 1990 to 5.25% in 2020, mainly due to repeated fires. Agricultural land has also undergone fluctuations, with a decrease between 1990 and 2000, followed by a fast increase and near stabilization in 2020. At the same time, pasture lands and built-up areas grew steadily, increasing by 11% and 13% respectively. This research highlights the significant impact of anthropogenic activities on LULC changes in the study area and can provide valuable insights for promoting sustainable land use policies.


Assuntos
Efeitos Antropogênicos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Argélia , Teorema de Bayes , Clima Desértico , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
5.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e273662, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536974

RESUMO

Benthic macroinvertebrates are integral parts of inland waters, inhabiting a diversity of aquatic ecosystems where communities are spatially structured. Macroinvertebrates of some Mediterranean regions such as North Africa are still not well studied. Due this reason we proposed study the community structure in water bodies located in Northeastern Algeria. For this objective, we sampled 12 different kind of water bodies, two dams, three rivers, and seven streams during the period from October 2020 to September 2021. To biotic and abiotic data, a redundancy analysis (RDA) was applied with the aim of determine the role of both kind of variables for grouping the sites. Also, two types of Null models were considered: species co-occurrence and niche sharing for study the potential associations between species reported. Redundancy analysis showed that water velocity and conductivity were the main drivers of community structure of macroinvertebrates. The species co-occurrence results reveal that species associations are ramdom, except for two sites: El fadjoudj and Ain ben baida corresponding to Seybouse river. At the same time, there is no niche sharing and in consequence, there is no interspecific competition except in the two sites: Salah Salah Salah stream and Bouhamdane dam. The results revealed similarities with other similar studies for Algerian rivers and dams, and with other similar water bodies with Mediterranean climate.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Invertebrados , Animais , Argélia , Rios/química , Clima , Monitoramento Ambiental
6.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 56(3): 106, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507146

RESUMO

Coxiella burnetii, or Q fever agent, has notable implications for human and livestock health. Infections in cattle primarily manifest through reproductive issues where infected animals shed the bacterium in birth fluids, placental tissues, and milk, serving as potential sources of transmission. Bovine herds become reservoirs, contributing to the environmental contamination of farming areas. Comprehensive studies on the prevalence, transmission routes, and associated risk factors among cattle contribute to the development of effective control strategies, ultimately safeguarding both livestock and public health.Here we determine the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii antibodies against in dairy cattle farms from Kabylia (northern Algeria) and identify the associated risk factors. Bulk tank milk samples from 184 farms were analyzed by indirect ELISA technique, 49 of them were tested positive which corresponds to a prevalence rate of 26.63% (95% CI 20.25-33.01%). Multivariate analysis by logistic regression showed that the risk factors associated with detection of anti-Coxiella burnetii antibodies are: cohabitation of cattle with small ruminants(OR = 3.74 95% CI [1.41-8.92]), exposure to prevailing winds (OR = 5.12 95% CI [2.11-13.45]), and the veterinarian visits frequency(OR = 5.67 95% CI [2.55-13.60]). These findings underscore the susceptibility of dairy cattle to Q fever in the Kabylia region, highlighting practices that pose risks. We recommend the implementation of hygienic measures and adherence to proper farming conditions to mitigate the transmission of Q fever and reduce the associated zoonotic risk.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Coxiella burnetii , Febre Q , Humanos , Bovinos , Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Febre Q/epidemiologia , Febre Q/veterinária , Febre Q/microbiologia , Leite/microbiologia , Prevalência , Argélia/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia , Placenta , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Fatores de Risco , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários
7.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 26(2): 57-70, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421696

RESUMO

In the present study, a new galectin designated Cyclocybe cylindracea lectin (CCL) was extracted from the fruiting bodies of the wild black popular mushroom C. cylindracea grown in Algeria. The protein was isolated using sepharose 4B as affinity chromatography matrix, and galactose as elutant. The purified galectin was composed of two subunits of 17.873 kDa each, with a total molecular mass of 35.6 kDa. Its agglutinant activity was impeded by galactose and its derivatives, as well as melibiose. Lactose showed the highest affinity, with a minimal inhibitory concentration of 0.0781 mM. CCL was sensitive to extreme pH conditions, and its binding function decreased when incubated with 10 mM EDTA, and it could be restored by metallic cations such as Ca2+, Mg2+, and Zn2+. CCL agglutinated human red blood cells, without any discernible specificity. Circular dichroism spectra demonstrated that its secondary structure contained ß-sheet as dominant fold. In addition, bioinformatics investigation on their peptide fingerprint obtained after MALDI-TOF/TOF ionization using mascot software confirmed that CCL was not like any previous purified lectin from mushroom: instead, it possessed an amino acid composition with high similarity to that of the putative urea carboxylase of Emericella nidulans (strain FGSC A4/ATCC 38163/CBS 112.46/NRRL 194/M139) with 44% of similarity score.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Basidiomycota , Populus , Humanos , Galectinas , Argélia , Galactose
8.
Nephrol Ther ; 20(1): 30-40, 2024 02 28.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38314548

RESUMO

We present an overview of kidney transplantation activity in the Maghreb countries, based on data from the 9th Colloque France-Maghreb (Paris, May 20 and 21, 2022). For Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, the incidence of end stage renal failure is respectively 120, 130 and 130 per million inhabitants, its prevalence 626, 900 and 833 per million inhabitants and the part of patients with a functional graft of 10.3, 1.8 et 8.5% with an annual number of transplants of 6.5, 0.8 and 8.7 per million inhabitants. Living donor transplants account for 99% of transplants in Algeria, 93% in Morocco and 80% in Tunisia. In conclusion, access to transplantation remains low in the Maghreb countries. All the modalities (living donor with enlargement of the circle of donors, deceased donors) must be further developed. Recommendations were issued to support activity.


Nous présentons un état des lieux de l'activité de transplantation rénale dans les pays du Maghreb à partir des données du 9e Colloque France-Maghreb (Paris, 20 et 21 mai 2022). Pour l'Algérie, le Maroc et la Tunisie, l'incidence de l'insuffisance rénale chronique terminale est respectivement de 120, 130 et 130 par million d'habitants, sa prévalence de 626, 900 et 833 par million d'habitants et la part des patients porteurs d'un greffon fonctionnel est de 10,3, 1,8 et 8,5 % avec un nombre annuel de transplantations de 6,5, 0,9 et 7,7 par million d'habitants. La transplantation avec donneur vivant représente 99 % des transplantations en Algérie, 93 % au Maroc et 80 % en Tunisie. En conclusion, l'accès à la transplantation reste faible dans les pays du Maghreb. Toutes les modalités (donneur vivant avec élargissement du cercle des donneurs, donneurs décédés) doivent être développées. Des recommandations ont été émises pour soutenir cette activité.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Transplante de Rim , Humanos , Argélia/epidemiologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Doadores Vivos
9.
Libyan J Med ; 19(1): 2317492, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369815

RESUMO

Aim: Functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are recognized as a major public health concern worldwide. These disorders involve persistent digestive symptoms indicative of digestive tract dysfunction.Materials and Methods: A survey examining the utilisation of probiotics and medicinal plants as supplementary treatments was conducted on 160 patients with GI disorders at healthcare institutions in Saïda from March to April 2023 using questionnaires that had been previously adapted and tested for reliability with Cronbach's alpha test. Raw data collected through the questionnaires were transferred to a database and analysed using SPSS software.Results: Overall, 49.38% of participants possessed knowledge of or actively utilised probiotics; such awareness was strongly associated with the participants' educational attainment (p = 0.029). The noteworthy probiotic supplements were Biocharbon (36.09%), Lactocil (15.38%), Smebiocta (13.61%), Ultrabiotic Adult (12.43%), Effidigest (12.43%), and Ultralevure (7.69%). During crisis, individuals tended to consume natural goods rich in probiotics, including yoghurt (13.26%) and fermented milk (8.60%), as well as foods rich in prebiotic fibre, including vegetables (18.99%), fruits (13.26%), wheat (9.67%), bran (7.52%), rye (6.81%), and oat flakes (6.45%). Additionally, 77.56% of patients used medicinal plants during crises, with Mentha spicata (12.2%), Thymus vulgaris (11.3%), Pimpinella anisum (8.5%), Cuminum cyminum (8.0%), Punica granatum (7.8%), Trachyspermum ammi (7.5%), and Senna acutifolia (7.0%) being the more commonly favoured options in phytotherapy. The main focus of these herbs was to alleviate bloating (57%), constipation (30.12%), and diarrhoea (12.87%) (p < 0.001). The most frequently utilised plant parts were leaves (47.30%), seeds (25.21%), and bark (13.21%). Most patients (82.91%) favoured infusion as their preferred consumption method, and approximately 85.43% believed in phytotherapy's ability to extend symptomatic relief.Conclusion: The understanding of probiotics is still in its infancy, whereas phytotherapy is more widely accepted by patients. Nonetheless, patients are open to the exploration of natural alternatives to conventional medicines.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Plantas Medicinais , Probióticos , Adulto , Humanos , Argélia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fitoterapia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Atenção à Saúde
10.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis ; 106: 102126, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325127

RESUMO

Aiming at identifying the reservoir and contamination sources of Coxiella burnetii in Northern Algeria, we investigated the molecular presence of the bacterium in 599 samples (blood, placenta, liver, spleen, and uterus) collected from cattle, sheep, dogs and cats. Our qPCR results showed that 15/344 (4.36%) blood samples and six/255 (2.35%) organ specimens were positive for C. burnetii. In cattle, three (4%) blood and liver samples were positive. In sheep, one blood (1.19%) and 3 (8.57%) placenta samples were positive. At the Algiers dog pound, 8 (10%) and 3 (5%) blood samples were qPCR positivein dogs and cats, respectively. In addition, MST genotyping showed that MST 33 was present in cattle and sheep, MST 20 in cattle,andMST 21 in dogs and cats.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Doenças dos Bovinos , Coxiella burnetii , Doenças do Cão , Doenças das Cabras , Febre Q , Doenças dos Ovinos , Gravidez , Feminino , Animais , Cães , Gatos , Bovinos , Ovinos , Coxiella burnetii/genética , Febre Q/epidemiologia , Febre Q/veterinária , Febre Q/microbiologia , Genótipo , Argélia/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/microbiologia , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/microbiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/microbiologia , Ruminantes , Cabras , Doenças das Cabras/microbiologia
11.
Sante Publique ; 35(6): 141-147, 2024 02 23.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388394

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to estimate excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Oran between March 2020 and December 2022. Method: Monthly all-cause data used to estimate excess mortality were modeled against the pre-pandemic period (January 2011-February 2020). Excess mortality between March 2020 and December 2022 was estimated using a quasi-Poisson regression. Analyses were stratified by age group. Results: From March 2020 to December 2022, there was a 30% excess mortality rate, corresponding to an average of 112 monthly excess deaths. Observed numbers of deaths were higher than expected for the age groups 20­39, 40­59, 60­79, and 80 and above. The age group 0­19 did not show excess mortality. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with a significant increase in all-cause mortality in Oran. Our results highlight the importance of monitoring all-cause excess mortality as an indicator of the disease burden in situations such as the current pandemic.


Objectif: Cette étude avait pour objectif d'estimer la surmortalité pendant la pandémie de la COVID-19 à Oran entre mars 2020 et décembre 2022. Méthodes: Les données mensuelles toutes causes confondues utilisées pour estimer la surmortalité ont été modélisées par rapport à la période pré-pandémique (janvier 2011 à février 2020). La surmortalité entre mars 2020 et décembre 2022 a été estimée à l'aide d'une régression de quasi-Poisson. Les analyses ont été stratifiées par groupes d'âge. Résultats: De mars 2020 à décembre 2022, le taux de surmortalité était de 30 %, correspondant à une moyenne de 112 décès excédentaires mensuels. Le nombre de décès observés était plus élevé que prévu pour les groupes d'âge 20-39 ans, 40-59 ans, 60-79 ans et 80 ans et plus. Le groupe d'âge 0-19 ans n'a pas montré de surmortalité. Conclusion: La pandémie de COVID-19 a été associée à une augmentation significative de la mortalité toutes causes confondues à Oran. Nos résultats mettent en évidence l'importance de surveiller la surmortalité toutes causes confondues en tant qu'indicateur de la charge de morbidité dans des situations telles que la pandémie actuelle.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Argélia/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/mortalidade , Pandemias
12.
J Environ Manage ; 355: 120426, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38422847

RESUMO

This study examines how patents on green technologies impact Algeria's ecological footprint from 1990 to 2022 while controlling for economic growth and energy consumption. The objectives are to analyze the asymmetric effects of positive and negative shocks in these drivers on ecological footprint and provide policy insights on leveraging innovations and growth while minimizing environmental harm. Given recent major structural shifts in Algeria's economy, time series data exhibits nonlinear dynamics. To accommodate this nonlinearity, the study employs an innovative nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag approach. The findings indicate that an upsurge in green technologies (termed as a positive shock) significantly reduces the ecological footprint, thereby enhancing ecological sustainability. Interestingly, a decline in green technologies (termed as a negative shock) also contributes to reducing the ecological footprint. This highlights the crucial role of clean technologies in mitigating ecological damage in both scenarios. Conversely, a positive shock in economic growth increases ecological footprint, underscoring the imperative for environmentally friendly policies in tandem with economic expansion. Negative shocks, however, have minimal impact. In a similar vein, positive shock in energy consumption increases ecological footprint, underlining the importance of transitioning towards cleaner energy sources. Negative shock has a smaller but still noticeable effect. The results confirm asymmetric impacts, with positive and negative changes in the drivers affecting Algeria's ecological footprint differently. To ensure long-term economic and ecological stability, Algeria should prioritize eco-innovation and green technology development. This will reduce dependence on fossil fuels and create new, sustainable industries.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Argélia , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Combustíveis Fósseis , Dinâmica não Linear , Energia Renovável
13.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 24(4): 219-225, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416509

RESUMO

Background: Trypanosoma (T.) evansi infection is endemic in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedaries) of southern Algeria. Materials and Methods: In order to assess the presence of T. evansi in other domestic animals living together with dromedary camels, a study was conducted in the wilayate of Béchar, El Bayadh, Ouargla and Tamanrasset, between 2015 and 2017. Authorisation to conduct the survey was obtained from the Direction des Services Vétérinaires (DSV, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries). A total of 190 animals were sampled, including 42 cattle (Bos taurus), 11 dogs (Canis familiaris), 44 horses (Equus caballus), 3 donkeys (Equus asinus) and 1 mule, 49 goats (Capra hircus) and 40 sheep (Ovis aries). These animals were examined by parasitological (Giemsa stained thin smear, GST), serological (card agglutination test for trypanosomosis (CATT/T. evansi), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay/Variant Surface Glycoprotein/Rode Trypanozoon antigen type 1.2 [ELISA/VSG RoTat 1.2], immune trypanolysis [TL]) and molecular tests (T. evansi type A specific RoTat 1.2 PCR). Results and Conclusions: The CATT/T. evansi was positive in 10/42 cattle, 0/11 dogs, 2/48 equids, 27/49 goats and 15/40 sheep. On the other hand, 20/38 cattle, 1/9 dogs, 21/42 equids, 17/44 goats and 31/39 sheep were positive in ELISA/VSG RoTat 1.2. However, no single animal was positive in TL. In addition, the T. evansi parasite could not be demonstrated by either GST or RoTat 1.2 PCR in any of the examined animals. This may suggest cross-reactions of CATT/T. evansi and ELISA/VSG RoTat 1.2 with other pathogenic or commensal trypanosome species such as T. vivax or other parasites. Based on these data, in particular taking into account the high specificity of the TL for T. evansi type A, this study does not support the hypothesis that T. evansi circulates in the studied domestic animal species and that they would act as reservoirs for the parasite that causes trypanosomosis in dromedary camels.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Doenças do Cão , Doenças das Cabras , Doenças dos Cavalos , Kinetoplastida , Doenças dos Ovinos , Trypanosoma , Trypanosomatina , Tripanossomíase , Bovinos , Animais , Cavalos , Cães , Ovinos , Animais Domésticos , Camelus , Argélia/epidemiologia , Tripanossomíase/epidemiologia , Tripanossomíase/veterinária , Tripanossomíase/parasitologia , Cabras , Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia
14.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 81(6): 576-584, 2024 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38189374

RESUMO

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) alongside with antifungal resistance are becoming a major clinical problem in recent years. A prospective study aimed to evaluate the diversity of yeast strains associated with VVC in Tebessa city (northeastern Algeria) and investigate their susceptibility patterns. Over two months, yeasts were isolated on chromogenic medium from twenty-nine non-pregnant women with symptomatic VVC. The isolates were characterized with MALDI-TOF MS and antifungal susceptibility testing was performed for nine antifungal drugs using SensititreTM YeastOneTM YO10. Twenty-nine non-duplicate yeasts were recovered and the mass spectrometry profiles showed reliable scores of which four genera and five different species were identified. Candida albicans accounted for 65.5 % (n = 19) of the total number of isolates, followed by C. glabrata with 20.7% (n = 6). For the remaining non-albicans Candida (NCA) species, Kluyveromyces marxianus with 6.9% (n = 2), Pichia kudriavzevii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae with one isolate each. The antifungal susceptibilities showed wild type MICs of C. albicans to amphotericin B, azoles and echinocandins. In addition, four C. albicans isolates were resistant to flucytosine. For C. glabrata isolates, 100% non-WT phenotype was found for both posaconazole and itraconazole. For the very first time, the obtained outcomes bring out new data concerning the epidemiology of yeasts causing VVC in Algeria and their antimicrobial susceptibility profiles.


Assuntos
Candidíase Vulvovaginal , Feminino , Humanos , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/epidemiologia , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase Vulvovaginal/microbiologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Estudos Prospectivos , Argélia/epidemiologia , Candida/genética , Candida albicans , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
15.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 56(1): 32, 2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38175246

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the welfare status of dairy cows raised in local conditions through health criteria. Important health problems have been identified as well as their effect on the milk yield. One hundred seven farms in eastern Algeria were visited. Data on health, productivity, and management practices were collected. Clinical examination of 1210 dairy cows was conducted to assess health scores. The relationship between herd health and milk yield was investigated using multiple linear regression models. The average milk yield per cow was 16.1 kg/day, and the average prevalence of thin cows (body condition score ≤ 2) was 35.1%. The cow dirtiness was a sign of poor facility hygiene, with 24.3% of cows had dirty udders, 44.5% had dirty flanks/upper legs, and 59.6% had dirty hind legs. The mean prevalence of clinical lameness (locomotion score ≥ 3) and severe lameness (locomotion score ≥ 4) were 24.7% and 8.7%, respectively. The prevalence of hocks, knees, and neck injuries (score > 1) with wound and/or swelling ranged from 0 to 46.2%, 0 to 71.4%, and 0 to 14.3%, respectively. The clinical examination showed a percentage of cows with mastitis of 15.4%, diarrhea of 6.9%, cough of 3.2%, nasal discharge of 7.5%, and ocular discharge of 1.8%. Thus, the milk yield had associated with severe lameness, mastitis, thinness, and dystocia. In conclusion, the welfare indicators in this study reflect the serious health problems in dairy farming which influence the expression of the cow genetic potential.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Mastite , Feminino , Gravidez , Animais , Bovinos , Argélia/epidemiologia , Coxeadura Animal/epidemiologia , Coxeadura Animal/etiologia , Marcha , Agricultura , Mastite/veterinária , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
16.
Biodemography Soc Biol ; 69(1): 30-42, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38261529

RESUMO

Consanguineous marriage is still a customary social phenomenon in Arab-Muslim communities. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of consanguineous marriages in the Algerian population and to identify the socio-economic determinants associated with the practice of this form of union. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study included data for 21141 ever-married women aged 15-49 years, from the MICS6 Algeria (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey database), conducted in 2019. Using a logistic regression model, we assessed the influence of socio-economic and geographical determinants on the practice of consanguineous marriages. The prevalence of consanguinity was 23.0% (95% CI: 22.4-23.6). According to multivariable binary logistic regression analysis, low level of education, early age at marriage (15-19; 20-30 years), rural area of residence, all geographical regions except the north-western territorial programming space, economic activity, and the lowest wealth index were the main determinants that assist in the prevalence of high rates of consanguineous marriages in Algeria. Considering these explanatory variables could help national health policy decision-makers to create and implement national preventive action plans that are intended alter behaviors attitudes toward preference of consanguineous marriages and, thus, reduce the burden of genetic disorders or congenital abnormalities associated with consanguinity.


Assuntos
Consanguinidade , Humanos , Feminino , Argélia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Escolaridade
17.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 47: 100956, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199698

RESUMO

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic zoonotic disease with a widespread occurrence, particularly in developing countries. Known as a neglected disease, it is highly prevalent in Algeria with a significant public health concern and substantial financial losses. The objectives of this study was to explore knowledge and awareness and practice of the Algerian population regarding this disease. A cross-sectional online-based survey was conducted between July 15 and September 25, 2022 using a self-administered questionnaire targeting all Algerian people of more than 18 years of age. Out of the total respondents, 87.7% have ever heard of CE with livestock rearing connection (OR:2.550, CI 95% OR: 1.108-5.870) and educational level (OR:3.826, CI 95% OR: 1.599-9.156) as the main factors associated with the level of awareness. Regarding their knowledge, results showed dispersing notions about the disease. The majority (84.8%) were aware of the zonnotic nature of the disease while only 49.6% knew that CE is caused by parasitic disease. Also, 83.3% were knowledgeable of the role of contaminated offal in the contamination of dogs which are considered as the main source of contamination of humans (65.19%). Regarding their practices, even home slaughtering was common (92.96%), some positive attitudes were prevalent where most of the participants declared washing vegetable before consumption (97.41%) and washing their hands after touching a dog (91.11%). Also, 68.29% among the dog owners declared that deworming their pets. This study has revealed that despite the high level of awareness and some positive attitudes, the level of knowledge about CE among the Algerian public has shown some gaps related to the epidemiology of the disease. These results could be helpful for the awareness campaigns programmers in their missions through focusing their efforts on raising the level of knowledge for the items that have shown a lack of understand which will be of great importance in the strategy of CE elimination.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Equinococose , População do Norte da África , Humanos , Animais , Cães , Estudos Transversais , Argélia/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/prevenção & controle , Equinococose/veterinária , Gado , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
18.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 15(2): 102310, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241922

RESUMO

Tropical theileriosis (TT) is a tick-borne disease caused by Theileria annulata and commonly infects cattle in tropical and subtropical regions, including Algeria. It is a significant obstacle to cattle breeding programs established to improve production in Algeria. The present investigation aimed to estimate the current molecular prevalence, risk factors, and genetic characterisation of T. annulata in two bioclimatic areas of Algeria. In a cross-sectional study, 679 blood samples (629 from healthy cattle selected on farms and 50 from diseased cattle identified by veterinarians) were collected from the humid (n = 307+50) and semi-arid (n = 322) areas and screened by blood smear examination followed by polymerase chain reaction targeting cytochrome oxidase subunit 3 (cox III) mitochondrial and the 18S ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) genes for Theileria spp. Seventy-six positive samples (56 clinically healthy and 20 with clinical signs) for Theileria spp. were confirmed to be T. annulata by the merozoïtes surface antigen-1 (Tams1) gene showing a rate of 8.9 % in clinically healthy and 40.0 % in suspected cattle. Among the 307 bloods samples collected from healthy cattle in the humid area, 25 cattle (8.1 %) were positive for T. annulata. Of the 322 healthy cattle from the semi-arid site, 31 (9.6 %) were carriers of T. annulata DNA. In subclinical population, demographic and environmental parameters analysis indicated that T. annulata infection was higher in adult crossbred cattle raised in the intensive and semi-intensive system (P<0.001). The multiple logistic regression analysis showed that age, breed, farming system, and bioclimatic area are potential risk factors for T. annulata infection in cattle (P<0.05). Multiple alignments of cox III sequences of T. annulata showed high heterogeneity with 25 polymorphic sites (nucleotide diversity π = 0.02402), resulting in two haplotypes with a low genetic diversity index (Hd) of 0.533. The 18S rRNA sequence alignment revealed only one T. annulata genotype with 100 % identity to the strains isolated from cattle and ticks in Mediterranean and Asian countries. Our preliminary results will serve as a basis for further studies on the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of T. annulata.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Theileria annulata , Theileriose , Bovinos , Animais , Theileriose/epidemiologia , Theileriose/diagnóstico , Argélia/epidemiologia , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Estudos Transversais , Theileria annulata/genética , Fatores de Risco , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
19.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(2): 133, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38200356

RESUMO

The present study aims to assess the impact of human activities on the water quality of the Hammam Boughrara dam. It also highlights the crucial importance of sustainable management of water resources in the face of persistent challenges related to various forms of pollution. The study is based on an exhaustive database covering a period spread over 16 years, with monthly measurements of organic pollution indicator parameters, namely BOD5, COD, [Formula: see text],[Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], Organic Matter (OM), TDS, Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and pH. The box plots showed an asymmetric distribution of almost all the parameters, with significant seasonal variations in the interquartile (IQR) range. The IQR ranges for [Formula: see text] extends from 0.575 mg/l (summer) to 4.445 mg/l (spring), and for [Formula: see text] from 1.3075 mg/l (autumn) to 1.8625 mg/l (spring). This led to the use of the Spearman method for the analysis of correlations between different parameters. The seasonal study of the five categories of water quality, according to the Organic Pollution Index (OPI), revealed considerable organic pollution. At the 1% significance level, the seasonal correlation between OPI and [Formula: see text] varies between -0.71 and -0.85, while that with [Formula: see text] fluctuates between -0.69 and -0.86. During the period analyzed, the COD/BOD Ratio (CBR) reveals two dominant categories with seasonal variations, i.e. the Moderately Biodegradable Effluents (MBE), with 96 cases, reaching 29 in autumn and 20 in spring. The Difficult to Biodegrade or Non-Biodegradable Effluents (DBE or NBE) category records 94 cases, with a maximum frequency of 26 in winter and minimum of 21 in autumn. These results therefore show the persistence of organic pollution, which had an impact on water quality over the four seasons and throughout the period studied. The results indicate persistent organic pollution affecting water quality. Therefore, prompt actions and sustainable strategies are deemed necessary to mitigate these harmful impacts and to ensure the sustainability of the water resource.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Qualidade da Água , Humanos , Argélia , Estações do Ano , Poluição da Água
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133110, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38086303

RESUMO

This study investigates the extent and spatial distribution of Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) in the Djebel Onk phosphate mine area in south-eastern Algeria, as well as the associated risks to human health. Various scales are considered and sampled, including tailing waste (n = 8), surrounding farmland soil (n = 21), and sediments (n = 5). The samples were mineralogically and chemically analyzed using XRD, FTIR, XRF, and ICP-MS techniques. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was applied after transforming the raw data into centered-log ratios (clr) to identify the dominant factors controlling the distribution of PTEs. Furthermore, pollution assessment was conducted using several indices, including geo-accumulation, pollution load, contamination security indices, and enrichment and contamination factors. The results reveal that the analyzed samples are mostly P-enriched in the mine tailings, farmland soil, and sediments, with P2O5 concentrations ranging from 13.37 wt% to 26.17 wt%, 0.91-21.70 wt%, and 17.04-29.41 wt%, respectively. The spatial distribution of PTEs exhibits clearly a decrease in the contents of CaO, P2O5, Cr, Sr, Cd, and U with increasing distance from the mine discharge site, while other oxides, such as MgO, Al2O3, SiO2, K2O, and Fe2O3, and associated elements (Cu, Co, Pb, and Zn), show an increase. PCA confirms the influence of minerals such as, apatite, dolomite, and silicates on the distribution PTEs. It denoted that the highest contamination level of all PTEs in soils and sediments was observed in the southern part of the plant and mine tailings compared to the northern part. In terms of human health risks, the assessment reveals that the hazard index (HI) values for both non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks associated with PTEs in the study area are below 1, suggesting no significant risk. However, regardless of the sample type, the lifetime cancer risk (LCR) values vary from 1.69E-05-2.11E-03 and from 1.03E-04-2.27E-04 for Cr, Ni, As (children) and Cd (adults), respectively, exceeding the safe levels recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The study highlights that oral ingestion poses the greatest risk, followed by dermal contact and particle inhalation. Importantly, all these indices decrease with increasing distance from the sampling site to the waste discharge point and the factory, which indicates that the phosphate mining activity had caused some extent risks. These findings provide valuable insights for mitigating the adverse health impacts and guiding environmental management efforts.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Criança , Adulto , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo/química , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Fazendas , Cádmio/análise , Fosfatos/análise , Argélia , Dióxido de Silício , Medição de Risco , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...