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3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37753, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608102

RESUMO

This study's goal is to evaluate if there is a causal connection between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), despite past epidemiological studies suggesting an association between the 2 disorders. The impact of RA on AMD is still unknown. Mendelian randomization (MR) was utilized in this study to assess the two-sample causal relationship between RA and AMD. Summary data from GWAS for RA and AMD in individuals with all European ancestries were gathered using the IEU GWAS database. The GWAS summary statistics of RA (14,361 RA patients and 43,923 healthy controls) and AMD (14,034 AMD patients and 91,214 controls participated) were obtained from the IEU GWAS database. After identifying suitable instrumental variables in line with the 3 MR assumptions, we conducted MR using the Mendelian randomization-Egger (MR-Egger), weighted median, and inverse variance weighting techniques. The MR-Egger intercept and MR-Polyvalent Residuals and Outliers methods were used to investigate the effects of horizontal pleiotropy. The leave-one-out strategy was used to prevent bias caused by certain single nucleotide polymorphisms. Sensitivity analysis was used to detect the heterogeneity. Using 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms as instrumental variables, this study examined the relationship between RA and AMD and discovered that RA increased the risk of AMD (inverse variance weighting odds ratio [OR] = 1.056, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.02-1.09, P = 5.44E-04; weighted median OR = 1.085, 95% CI = 1.04-1.14, P = 4.05E-04; MR-Egger OR = 1.074, 95% CI = 1.01-1.14, P = 2.18E-2). The current investigation demonstrated a causal link between AMD and RA. RA increased the risk of AMD. It is advised that future research concentrate on the processes underlying the relationship between RA and AMD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Degeneração Macular , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Causalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Degeneração Macular/epidemiologia , Degeneração Macular/genética
4.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 161, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the shared genetic structure between autoimmune diseases and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and identify the shared risk loci and genes and genetic mechanisms involved. METHODS: Based on large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary-level data sets, we observed genetic overlaps between autoimmune diseases and B-ALL, and cross-trait pleiotropic analysis was performed to detect shared pleiotropic loci and genes. A series of functional annotation and tissue-specific analysis were performed to determine the influence of pleiotropic genes. The heritability enrichment analysis was used to detect crucial immune cells and tissues. Finally, bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) methods were utilized to investigate the casual associations. RESULTS: Our research highlighted shared genetic mechanisms between seven autoimmune disorders and B-ALL. A total of 73 pleiotropic loci were identified at the genome-wide significance level (P < 5 × 10-8), 16 of which had strong evidence of colocalization. We demonstrated that several loci have been previously reported (e.g., 17q21) and discovered some novel loci (e.g., 10p12, 5p13). Further gene-level identified 194 unique pleiotropic genes, for example IKZF1, GATA3, IKZF3, GSDMB, and ORMDL3. Pathway analysis determined the key role of cellular response to cytokine stimulus, B cell activation, and JAK-STAT signaling pathways. SNP-level and gene-level tissue enrichment suggested that crucial role pleiotropic mechanisms involved in the spleen, whole blood, and EBV-transformed lymphocytes. Also, hyprcoloc and stratified LD score regression analyses revealed that B cells at different developmental stages may be involved in mechanisms shared between two different diseases. Finally, two-sample MR analysis determined causal effects of asthma and rheumatoid arthritis on B-ALL. CONCLUSIONS: Our research proved shared genetic architecture between autoimmune disorders and B-ALL and shed light on the potential mechanism that might involve in.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Asma , Doenças Autoimunes , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Doenças Autoimunes/genética
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1421-1428, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621925

RESUMO

To investigate the mechanism of action of aqueous extract of Strychni Semen(SA) on bone destruction in rats with type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis(CIA), the SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, low, medium, and high dose(2.85, 5.70, and 11.40 mg·kg~(-1)) groups of SA, and methotrexate group. Except for the normal group, the CIA model was prepared for the other groups. After the second immunization, different doses of SA were given to the low, medium, and high dose groups of SA once a day, and the methotrexate group was given once every three days. 0.3% sodium hydroxymethylcellulose(CMC-Na) was given once a day to the normal and model groups for 28 d. The clinical score of arthritis was evaluated every three days. Micro computed tomography(Micro-CT) method was used to evaluate the degree of bone destruction. Histopathological changes in the joint tissue and the number of osteoclasts in CIA rats were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase(TRAP) staining. The expression of interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) in the joint tissue of rats was detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect key protein expression in mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathways in the joint tissue of rats. The results showed that different doses of SA were able to improve the red and swollen inflammatory joint and joint deformity in CIA rats to varying degrees, reduce the clinical score, inhibit synovial inflammation, vascular opacification, cartilage erosion, and bone destruction, and reduce the number of TRAP-positive cells in bone tissue. Micro-CT results showed that the SA was able to increase bone mineral density, bone volume fraction, trabecular reduce, and trabecular number and reduce bone surface/bone volume and trabecular separation/spacing. Different doses of SA could down-regulate the protein expression of IL-1ß, p-JNK, p-ERK, p-p38, PI3K, and p-Akt to varying degrees. In conclusion, SA can improve disease severity, attenuate histopathological and imaging changes in joints, and have osteoprotective effects in CIA rats, and its mechanism of action may be related to the inhibition of the overactivation of MAPK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Ratos , Animais , Colágeno Tipo II , Metotrexato , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Sêmen , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1438-1445, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621927

RESUMO

Based on the sarcoma receptor coactivator(Src)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) signaling pathway, the mechanism of action of bulleyaconitine A in the treatment of bone destruction of experimental rheumatoid arthritis(RA) was explored. Firstly, key targets of RA bone destruction were collected through GeneCards, PharmGKB, and OMIM databa-ses. Potential targets of bulleyaconitine A were collected using SwissTargetPrediction and PharmMapper databases. Next, intersection targets were obtained by the Venny 2.1.0 platform. Protein-protein interaction(PPI) network and topology analysis were managed by utilizing the STRING database and Cytoscape 3.8.0. Then, Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses were conducted in the DAVID database. AutoDock Vina was applied to predict the molecular docking and binding ability of bulleyaconitine A with key targets. Finally, a receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB(RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation model was established in vitro. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of related targets, and immunofluorescence and Western blot were adopted to detect the protein expression level of key targets. It displayed that there was a total of 29 drug-disease targets, and Src was the core target of bulleyaconitine A in anti-RA bone destruction. Furthermore, KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that bulleyaconitine A may exert an anti-RA bone destruction effect by regulating the Src/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. The molecular docking results showed that bulleyaconitine A had better bin-ding ability with Src, phosphatidylinositol-4,5-diphosphate 3-kinase(PIK3CA), and Akt1. The result of the experiment indicated that bulleyaconitine A not only dose-dependently inhibited the mRNA expression levels of osteoclast differentiation-related genes cathepsin K(CTSK) and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9)(P<0.01), but also significantly reduced the expression of p-c-Src, PI3K, as well as p-Akt in vitro osteoclasts(P<0.01). In summary, bulleyaconitine A may inhibit RA bone destruction by regulating the Src/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This study provides experimental support for the treatment of RA bone destruction with bulleyaconitine A and lays a foundation for the clinical application of bulleyaconitine A.


Assuntos
Aconitina/análogos & derivados , Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , RNA Mensageiro , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1446-1454, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621928

RESUMO

This study investigated the mechanism of Yuxuebi Tablets(YXB) in the treatment of synovial inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) based on transcriptomic analysis. Transcriptome sequencing technology was employed to analyze the gene expression profiles of joint tissues from normal rats, collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) rats(an RA model), and YXB-treated rats. Common diffe-rentially expressed genes(DEGs) were subjected to Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses. RA synovial inflammation-related target genes were retrieved from the OMIM and GeneCards databases. Venny 2.1 software was used to identify the intersection of YXB target genes and RA synovial inflammation-related target genes, and GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed on the intersecting target genes. Immunohistochemistry was used to assess the protein expression levels of the inflammatory factors interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in rat joint tissues. Western blot analysis was employed to measure the expression levels of key proteins in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) signaling pathway. A total of 2 058 DEGs were identified by intersecting the genes from the normal group vs model group and the model group vs YXB treatment group. A search in OMIM and GeneCards databases yielded 1 102 RA synovial inflammation-related target genes. After intersecting with the DEGs in the YXB treatment group, 204 intersecting target genes were identified, primarily involving biological processes such as immune response, signal transduction, and inflammatory response; cellular components including plasma membrane, extracellular space, and extracellular region; molecular functions like protein binding, identical protein binding, and receptor binding. These target genes were mainly enriched in signaling pathways such as PI3K/Akt, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, and Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription(JAK/STAT). Western blot results showed that YXB at low, medium, and high doses could significantly inhibit the expression levels of key proteins in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in rat joint tissues in a dose-dependent manner. Immunohistochemistry further confirmed these findings, showing that YXB not only suppressed the protein expression levels of the inflammatory factors IL-1ß and TNF-α in the joint synovial tissues of CIA rats, but also inhibited p-Akt protein expression. In conclusion, this study used transcriptomic analysis to uncover the key mechanisms of YXB in inhibiting synovial inflammation and alleviating the progression of RA, with a focus on its role in suppressing the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Ratos , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Membrana Sinovial , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1429-1437, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621926

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the mechanism of aqueous extract of Strychni Semen(SA) in relieving pain in the rat model of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) via Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)/matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) signaling pathway. Firstly, the main chemical components of Strychni Semen were searched against TCMSP, TCMID, ETCM, and related literature, and the main targets of the chemical components were retrieved from TargetNet and SwissTargetPrediction. The main targets of RA and pain were searched against GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), and Therapeutic Target Database(TTD). Venny 2.1.0 was used to obtain the common targets shared by Strychni Semen, RA, and pain, and STRING and Cytoscape 3.6.1 were used to build the protein-protein interaction network. Then, molecular docking was carried out in AutoDock Vina. Finally, the rat model of type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) was established. The up-down method and acetone method were employed to examine the mechanical pain threshold and cold pain threshold of rats, and the pain-relieving effect of SA on CIA rats was evaluated comprehensively. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was employed to evaluate the histopathological changes of joints in CIA rats. The expression levels of key target proteins was determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, and the mRNA levels of key targets were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(real-time PCR). The results of network prediction showed that Strychni Semen may act on the TLR4/TNF-α/MMP-9 signaling pathway to exert the pain-relieving effect. The results of molecular docking showed that brucine, the main active component of SA, had strong binding ability to TLR4, TNF-α, and MMP-9. The results of animal experiments showed that SA improved the mechanical and cold pain sensitivity(P<0.05, P<0.01) and reduced the joint histopathological score of CIA rats(P<0.01). In addition, medium and high doses of SA down-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of TNF-α, TLR4, and MMP-9(P<0.05,P<0.01). In conclusion, SA alleviated the mechanical pain sensitivity, cold pain sensitivity, and joint histopathological changes in CIA rats by inhibiting the over activation of TLR4/TNF-α/MMP-9 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Sêmen , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Mensageiro
13.
Adv Rheumatol ; 64(1): 26, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the drug survival and change of disease activity using a second Janus kinase inhibitor (JAKi) after failure to a JAKi and subsequent biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) in patients with difficult-to-treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 32 patients with difficult-to-treat RA who failed to a JAKi and subsequently to one or more bDMARDs and then switched to a second JAKi. To assess drug survival, electronic medical records of each patient were reviewed. Data on whether the second JAKi was discontinued, and the reasons for discontinuation were collected. The change of disease activity was assessed by analyzing changes in tender joint count (TJC), swollen joint count (SJC), patient's global assessment of disease activity on a visual-analogue scale (VAS), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), Disease Activity Score for 28 joints with ESR (DAS28-ESR), and DAS28-CRP from baseline to that at six months from initiation of the second JAKi. RESULTS: Overall, discontinuation of the second JAKi occurred in 20 (62.5%) patients. Primary failure, secondary failure, adverse events, and insurance coverage issues were the reasons for discontinuation in 9 (45.0%), 5 (25.0%), 2 (10.0%), and 4 (20.0%) patients, respectively. The estimated 2-year drug survival rate was 39.3%. In terms of change of disease activity, the second JAKi significantly improved TJC (p < 0.001), SJC (p < 0.001), VAS (p < 0.001), CRP (p = 0.026), DAS28-ESR (p < 0.001), and DAS28-CRP (p < 0.001) at 6-month compared with that at the baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Second JAKi could be a therapeutic option in patients with difficult-to-treat RA who have failed to a JAKi and subsequent bDMARDs.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Produtos Biológicos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Proteína C-Reativa , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico
14.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e943829, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590091

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic connective tissue disease of immunological etiology. In the course of the disease, symptoms of the musculoskeletal system predominate, but other systems can also be affected. The disease may require long-term treatment, and patients often require surgery on damaged joints. Complications of the disease and drug interactions may contribute to difficulties in perioperative care; therefore, knowledge is required to provide appropriate care. When anesthetizing a patient with RA, we should pay special attention to preoperative evaluation, taking a medical history, risk of difficult intubation or cardiac incidents, respiratory insufficiency, and frequent pulmonary infections. It is important to be aware of perioperative glucocorticoids supplementation, especially in patients with suspected adrenal insufficiency. Postoperative management, such as pain management, early rehabilitation, and restart of pharmacotherapy play, an important role in the patient's recovery. Special attention should be paid to perioperative management in pregnant women, as the disease is a significant risk factor for complications, and some anesthetic procedures can be noxious to the fetus. Due to the nature of the disease, it can be challenging for the anesthesiologist to provide good and appropriate pain medications, symptom management, and other necessary techniques that are done to anesthetize the patient properly. This work is based on the available literature and the authors' experience. This article aims to review the current status of anesthetic management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.


Assuntos
Anestésicos , Artrite Reumatoide , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Anestésicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Assistência Perioperatória
15.
RMD Open ; 10(2)2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) mainly affects small joints. Despite the mechanical function of joints, the role of mechanical stress in the development of arthritis is insufficiently understood. We hypothesised that mechanical stress/physical strain is a risk factor for joint inflammation in RA. Therefore, we studied work-related physical strain in subjects with clinically suspected arthralgia (CSA) as a risk factor for the presence of imaging-detected subclinical joint inflammation and the development of clinical arthritis/RA. METHODS: In 501 CSA patients and 155 symptom-free persons' occupation-related physical strain was quantified using the International Standard Classification of Occupations. Contrast-enhanced hand-MRIs were made and evaluated for joint inflammation (sum of synovitis/tenosynovitis/osteitis). CSA patients were followed on RA development. Age relationship was studied using an interaction term of physical strain with age. RESULTS: The degree of physical strain in CSA is associated with the severity of joint inflammation, independent of educational-level/BMI/smoking (interaction physical strain-age p=0.007; indicating a stronger association with increasing age). Physical strain is associated with higher tenosynovitis scores, in particular. In symptom-free persons, physical strain was not associated with imaging-detected joint inflammation. Higher degrees of physical strain also associated with higher risks for RA development in an age-dependent manner (HR=1.20 (1.06-1.37)/10-year increase in age), independent of educational-level/BMI/smoking. This association was partly mediated by an effect via subclinical joint inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: Work-related physical strain increases the risk of subclinical joint inflammation and of developing RA. The age relationship suggests an effect of long-term stress or that tenosynovium is more sensitive to stress at older age. Together, the data indicate that mechanical stress contributes to the development of arthritis in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Sinovite , Tenossinovite , Humanos , Tenossinovite/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Sinovite/etiologia , Artralgia/etiologia , Inflamação
16.
RMD Open ; 10(2)2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of third-generation anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP3) antibodies in predicting progression to inflammatory arthritis (IA) in individuals with new musculoskeletal (MSK) symptoms and a negative second-generation anti-CCP antibody test (anti-CCP2-). METHODS: 469 anti-CCP2- individuals underwent baseline anti-CCP3 testing (QUANTA Lite CCP3; Inova Diagnostics) and received a post enrolment 12-month questionnaire. A rheumatologist confirmed or excluded diagnosis of IA. Univariable/multivariable analyses were performed to assess the value of anti-CCP3 in predicting IA development in these anti-CCP2- individuals. RESULTS: Only 16/469 (3.4%) anti-CCP2- individuals had a positive anti-CCP3 test. Of these 16 individuals, 4 developed IA. In addition, 61/469 (13.0%) anti-CCP2- individuals self-reported, to have developed, IA. Progression was confirmed in 43/61 of them (70.5%); of whom 30/43 (69.8%) and 13/43 (30.2%) were given a diagnosis of IA and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), respectively. In qualitative univariable analysis, anti-CCP3 positivity was associated with self-reported progression (p<0.01) and IA (p=0.03), but not with RA. Anti-CCP3 levels differed significantly between progressors and non-progressors (p<0.01) for all three categories. At the manufacturer's cut-off, OR for progression ranged from 2.4 (95% CI 0.5 to 18.6; RA) to 7.5 (95% CI 2.3 to 24.0; self-reported progression). Interestingly, when cut-offs for anti-CCP3 were optimised, lower values (≥5 units) significantly increased the OR for progression in all three categories. In multivariable analysis, anti-CCP3 positivity at the manufacturer's cut-off did not remain associated with IA progression, while this lower cut-off value (≥5 units) was associated with diagnosis of RA (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-CCP3 testing could improve the prediction of IA development in anti-CCP2- individuals with new MSK symptoms.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Autoanticorpos , Humanos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Antiproteína Citrulinada
17.
RMD Open ; 10(2)2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The REDO trial (REtreatment with Rituximab in RhEmatoid arthritis: Disease Outcome after Dose Optimisation) showed similar disease activity for retreatment with ultralow doses (200 mg and 500 mg per 6 months) compared with standard low-dose rituximab (RTX, 1000 mg per 6 months). We performed an observational extension study of the REDO trial to assess long-term effectiveness. METHODS: Patients from the REDO trial were followed from start of the trial to censoring in April 2021. RTX use was at the discretion of patient and rheumatologist using treat to target. The primary outcome was disease activity (disease activity score in 28 joints C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP)), analysed using a longitudinal mixed model by original randomisation and time-varying RTX dose. The original DAS28-CRP non-inferiority (NI) margin of 0.6 was used. RTX dose and persistence, safety and radiological outcomes were also assessed. FINDINGS: Data from 126 of 142 REDO patients was collected from 15 December 2016, up to 30 April 2021. Drop-outs continued treatment elsewhere (n=3) or did not consent (n=13).Disease activity did not differ by original randomisation group: 1000 mg mean DAS28-CRP (95% CI) of 2.2 (2.0 to 2.5), 500 mg 2.3 (2.1 to 2.4) and 200 mg 2.4 (2.2 to 2.5). Lower time-varying RTX dose was associated with higher DAS28-CRP (0.22 (95% CI 0.05 to 0.40) higher for 200 mg/6 months compared with 1000 mg/6 months), but remained within the NI-margin. RTX persistence was 93%. Median RTX dose was 978 mg (IQR 684-1413) per year, and no association was found between RTX dose and adverse events or radiological damage. INTERPRETATION: Long-term use of ultralow doses of RTX is effective in patients with rheumatoid arthritis responding to standard dose RTX.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Humanos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Radiografia
18.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3114, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600082

RESUMO

The presence of autoantibodies is a defining feature of many autoimmune diseases. The number of unique autoantibody clones is conceivably limited by immune tolerance mechanisms, but unknown due to limitations of the currently applied technologies. Here, we introduce an autoantigen-specific liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based IgG1 Fab profiling approach using the anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) repertoire in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as an example. We show that each patient harbors a unique and diverse ACPA IgG1 repertoire dominated by only a few antibody clones. In contrast to the total plasma IgG1 antibody repertoire, the ACPA IgG1 sub-repertoire is characterised by an expansion of antibodies that harbor one, two or even more Fab glycans, and different glycovariants of the same clone can be detected. Together, our data indicate that the autoantibody response in a prominent human autoimmune disease is complex, unique to each patient and dominated by a relatively low number of clones.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Autoanticorpos , Humanos , Anticorpos Antiproteína Citrulinada , Imunoglobulina G , Autoantígenos
19.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 26(1): 87, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to reveal the effect of abatacept (ABT) on atherosclerosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, 3-year efficacy for arthritis, and safety in a population of older vs. younger patients. METHODS: In this open-label, prospective, observational study, patients were stratified into four groups: younger (20-64 years old) and older (≥ 65 years) patients taking ABT (AY and AO) and conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) (CY and CO). Primary endpoints were change from baseline in mean intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery, IMT max (bulbus, bifurcation, and internal and common carotid artery), and plaque score at Week 156. Disease activity, retention rate, and adverse effects were also evaluated. RESULTS: The ABT group (AY + AO) tended to have smaller increases in mean IMT, max IMT, and plaque score than the csDMARD group (CY + CO) at Week 156, although the differences between groups were not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis showed significantly lower increases in plaque score with ABT than with csDMARDs, only when considering disease activity at 156 weeks (p = 0.0303). Proportions of patients with good or good/moderate European League Against Rheumatism response were higher in the ABT group, without significant difference between older and younger patients. No significant differences were observed in ABT retention rates between older and younger patients. Serious adverse effects, especially infection, tended to be more frequent with ABT than with csDMARDs, although no significant differences were found. CONCLUSIONS: ABT may decelerate atherosclerosis progression and may be useful for patients with high risk of cardiovascular disease, such as older patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000014913.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Aterosclerose , Humanos , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Abatacepte/efeitos adversos , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos Prospectivos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1356714, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629069

RESUMO

Introduction: Periodontitis as a comorbidity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is still not well recognized in the dental and rheumatology communities. A meta-analysis and network meta-analysis were thus performed to compare the (i) prevalence of periodontitis in SLE patients compared to those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and (ii) odds of developing periodontitis in controls, RA, and SLE. Methods: Pooled prevalence of and odds ratio (OR) for periodontitis were compared using meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA). Results: Forty-three observational studies involving 7,800 SLE patients, 49,388 RA patients, and 766,323 controls were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of periodontitis in SLE patients (67.0%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 57.0-77.0%) was comparable to that of RA (65%, 95% CI 55.0-75.0%) (p>0.05). Compared to controls, patients with SLE (OR=2.64, 95% CI 1.24-5.62, p<0.01) and RA (OR=1.81, 95% CI 1.25-2.64, p<0.01) were more likely to have periodontitis. Indirect comparisons through the NMA demonstrated that the odds of having periodontitis in SLE was 1.49 times higher compared to RA (OR=1.49, 95% CI 1.09-2.05, p<0.05). Discussion: Given that RA is the autoimmune disease classically associated with periodontal disease, the higher odds of having periodontitis in SLE are striking. These results highlight the importance of addressing the dental health needs of patients with SLE. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/ identifier CRD42021272876.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Periodontite , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
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