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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 146: 107327, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579616

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is well known as a prevalent malignancy affecting the digestive tract, yet its precise etiological determinants remain to be elusive. Accordingly, identifying specific molecular targets for colorectal cancer and predicting potential malignant tumor behavior are potential strategies for therapeutic interventions. Of note, apoptosis (type I programmed cell death) has been widely reported to play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis by exerting a suppressive effect on cancer development. Moreover, autophagy-dependent cell death (type II programmed cell death) has been implicated in different types of human cancers. Thus, investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying apoptosis and autophagy-dependent cell death is paramount in treatment modalities of colorectal cancer. In this study, we uncovered that a new small-molecule activator of SIRT3, named MY-13, triggered both autophagy-dependent cell death and apoptosis by modulating the SIRT3/Hsp90/AKT signaling pathway. Consequently, this compound inhibited tumor cell proliferation and migration in RKO and HCT-116 cell lines. Moreover, we further demonstrated that the small-molecule activator significantly suppressed tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate that the novel small-molecule activator of SIRT3 may hold a therapeutic potential as a drug candidate in colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Sirtuína 3 , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Autofagia , Proliferação de Células , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396679

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most frequent infiltrating type of pancreatic cancer. The poor prognosis associated with this cancer is due to the absence of specific biomarkers, aggressiveness, and treatment resistance. PDAC is a deadly malignancy bearing distinct genetic alterations, the most common being those that result in cancer-causing versions of the KRAS gene. Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychomimetic cannabinoid with anti-inflammatory properties. Regarding the anticancer effect of CBG, up to now, there is only limited evidence in human cancers. To fill this gap, we investigated the effects of CBG on the PDAC cell lines, PANC-1 and MIAPaCa-2. The effect of CBG activity on cell viability, cell death, and EGFR-RAS-associated signaling was investigated. Moreover, the potential synergistic effect of CBG in combination with gemcitabine (GEM) and paclitaxel (PTX) was investigated. MTT was applied to investigate the effect of CBG on PDAC cell line viabilities. Annexin-V and Acridine orange staining, followed by cytofluorimetric analysis and Western blotting, were used to evaluate CBG's effect on cell death. The modulation of EGFR-RAS-associated pathways was determined by Western blot analysis and a Milliplex multiplex assay. Moreover, by employing the MTT data and SynergyFinder Plus software analysis, the effect of the combination of CBG and chemotherapeutic drugs was determined.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Canabinoides , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Apoptose , Morte Celular Autofágica/efeitos dos fármacos , Canabinoides/farmacologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/antagonistas & inibidores
3.
Cells ; 13(4)2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391960

RESUMO

Cell death plays an essential function in organismal development, wellbeing, and ageing. Many types of cell deaths have been described in the past 30 years. Among these, apoptosis remains the most conserved type of cell death in metazoans and the most common mechanism for deleting unwanted cells. Other types of cell deaths that often play roles in specific contexts or upon pathological insults can be classed under variant forms of cell death and programmed necrosis. Studies in Drosophila have contributed significantly to the understanding and regulation of apoptosis pathways. In addition to this, Drosophila has also served as an essential model to study the genetic basis of autophagy-dependent cell death (ADCD) and other relatively rare types of context-dependent cell deaths. Here, we summarise what is known about apoptosis, ADCD, and other context-specific variant cell death pathways in Drosophila, with a focus on developmental cell death.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Proteínas de Drosophila , Animais , Drosophila/metabolismo , Morte Celular , Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo
4.
FASEB J ; 38(2): e23420, 2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38231531

RESUMO

ENPP1 depletion closely related with modulation immunotherapy of several types of cancer. However, the role of ENPP1 correlation with autophagy in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) pathogenesis remain unknown. In this study, effects of ENPP1 on OSCC cells in vitro were examined by cell proliferation assay, transwell chamber assay, flow cytometry analysis and shRNA technique. Cellular key proteins related to cell autophagy and apoptosis were evaluated by Western blot and immunofluorescent staining. Moreover, functions of ENPP1 on OSCC process were observed in nude mouse model. We reported that overexpression of ENPP1 promote the growth of OSCC cell xenografts in nude mouse model. In contrast, ENPP1 downregulation significantly inhibits OSCC cancer growth and induces apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo, which are preceded by cytotoxic autophagy. ENPP1downregulation induces a robust accumulation of autophagosomes, increases LC3B-II and decreases SQSTM1/p62 in ENPP1-shRNA-treated cells and xenografts. Mechanistic studies show that ENPP1 downregulation increases PRKAA1 phosphorylation leading to ULK1 activation. AMPK-inhibition abrogates ENPP1 downregulation-induced ULK1-activation, LC3B-turnover and SQSTM1/p62-degradation while AMPK-activation potentiates it's effects. Collectively, these data uncover that ENPP1 downregulation induces autophagic cell death in OSCC cancer, which may provide a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of OSCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Morte Celular Autofágica , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Apoptose , Autofagia , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1 , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 261(Pt 2): 129813, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286367

RESUMO

Rehmannia glutinosa polysaccharide (RGP) has been reported to exhibit anti-anxiety effects, yet the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Chronic constant light (CCL) induced cognitive dysfunction associated with oxidative stress in mice has been reported. Here, the neuroprotective effect of RGP on hippocampal neuron damage in CCL-treated mice was investigated. In vivo study, mice were subjected to CCL for 4 weeks and/or oral administration of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg RGP every other day. In vitro experiment, hippocampal neuron cells (HT-22) was exposed to LED light and/or supplemented with 62.5, 125 and 250 µg/mL RGP. Mice exposed to CCL showed impaired cognitive and depressive-like behavior in the hippocampus, which were reversed by RGP. Meanwhile, RGP reversed light-induced oxidative stress and autophagy both in mice and hippocampal neuron cells (HT-22). Furthermore, compared with Light-exposed group, RGP treatment activated the AKT/mTOR pathway. Importantly, the AKT inhibitor Perifosine significantly weakened the neuroprotective of RGP on Light-induced oxidative stress and autophagy in HT-22 cells by inhibiting AKT/mTOR pathway and increasing the content of autophagy-related protein. Our data demonstrated, for the first time, that oxidative stress and the AKT/mTOR pathway plays a critical role in Light-induced apoptosis and autophagic cell death in mice and HT-22 cells.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Rehmannia , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Rehmannia/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Autofagia , Hipocampo/metabolismo
6.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 479(3): 553-566, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37120495

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) growth arrest-specific transcript 5 (GAS5) has been shown to be a regulator for many cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, its role and mechanism in the process of NSCLC deserve to be further revealed. The expression levels of GAS5, fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) and bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Western blot analysis was used to examine the protein expression of FTO, BRD4, up-frameshift protein 1 (UPF1) and autophagy-related markers. Methylated RNA immunoprecipitation was used to assess the m6A level of GAS5 regulated by FTO. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined using MTT assay, EdU assay and flow cytometry. Autophagy ability was assessed by immunofluorescence staining and transmission electron microscope. Xenograft tumor model was constructed to explore the effects of FTO and GAS5 on NSCLC tumor growth in vivo. The interaction between UPF1 and GAS5 or BRD4 was confirmed by pull-down assay, RIP assay, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Fluorescent in situ hybridization was used to analyze the co-localization of GAS5 and UPF1. Actinomycin D treatment was employed to evaluate BRD4 mRNA stability. GAS5 was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and was associated with poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. FTO was highly expressed in NSCLC, and it inhibited GAS5 expression by reducing GAS5 m6A methylation level. GAS5 suppressed by FTO could promote the autophagic death of NSCLC cells in vitro and inhibit NSCLC tumor growth in vivo. In addition, GAS5 was able to interact with UPF1 to reduce the mRNA stability of BRD4. Knockdown of BRD4 reversed the inhibition of GAS5 or UPF1 silencing on the autophagic cell death of NSCLC. The findings of the study showed that lncRNA GAS5 mediated by FTO could contribute to the autophagic cell death of NSCLC by interacting with UPF1 to reduce BRD4 mRNA stability, suggesting that GAS5 might be a vital therapy target for NSCLC progression.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Humanos , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/metabolismo , Morte Celular Autofágica/genética , Proteínas que Contêm Bromodomínio/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Desmetilação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(2): e18047, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37970991

RESUMO

Proranolol has long been recommended to prevent variceal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis. However, the mechanisms of propranolol in liver fibrosis have not yet been thoroughly elucidated. Autophagic cell death (ACD) of activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is important in the alleviation of liver fibrosis. Our study aims to assess the mechanisms of propranolol regulating HSC ACD and liver fibrosis. ACD of HSCs was investigated using lentivirus transfection. The molecular mechanism was determined using a PCR profiler array. The role of autophagy-related protein 9b (ATG9b) in HSC ACD was detected using co-immunoprecipitation and co-localization of immunofluorescence. Changes in the signalling pathway were detected by the Phospho Explorer antibody microarray. Propranolol induces ACD and apoptosis in HSCs. ATG9b upregulation was detected in propranolol-treated HSCs. ATG9b upregulation promoted ACD of HSCs and alleviated liver fibrosis in vivo. ATG9b enhanced the P62 recruitment to ATG5-ATG12-LC3 compartments and increased the co-localization of P62 with ubiquitinated proteins. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway is responsible for ATG9b-induced ACD in activated HSCs, whereas the p38/JNK pathway is involved in apoptosis. This study provides evidence for ATG9b as a new target gene and propranolol as an agent to alleviate liver fibrosis by regulating ACD of activated HSCs.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Humanos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Propranolol/farmacologia , Propranolol/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/metabolismo , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/patologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Autofagia
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 265: 116040, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142509

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC), a tumor of the digestive system, is characterized by high malignancy and poor prognosis. Currently, targeted therapy of CRC is far away from satisfying. The molecular mechanisms of regulated cell death (RCD) have been clearly elucidated, which can be intervened by drug or genetic modification. Numerous studies have provided substantial evidence linking these mechanisms to the progression and treatment of CRC. The RCD includes apoptosis, autophagy-dependent cell death (ADCD), ferroptosis, necroptosis, and pyroptosis, and immunogenic cell death, etc, which provide potential targets for anti-cancer treatment. For the last several years, small-molecule compounds targeting RCD have been a well concerned therapeutic strategy for CRC. This present review aims to describe the function of small-molecule compounds in the targeted therapy of CRC via targeting apoptosis, ADCD, ferroptosis, necroptosis, immunogenic dell death and pyroptosis, and their mechanisms. In addition, we prospect the application of newly discovered cuproptosis and disulfidptosis in CRC. Our review may provide references for the targeted therapy of CRC using small-molecule compounds targeting RCD, including the potential targets and candidate compounds.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Ferroptose , Morte Celular Regulada , Humanos , Necroptose , Apoptose , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Plant J ; 117(4): 979-998, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38102881

RESUMO

Many plants can terminate their flowering process in response to unfavourable environments, but the mechanisms underlying this response are poorly understood. In this study, we observed that the lotus flower buds were susceptible to abortion under shaded conditions. The primary cause of abortion was excessive autophagic cell death (ACD) in flower buds. Blockade of autophagic flux in lotus flower buds consistently resulted in low levels of ACD and improved flowering ability under shaded conditions. Further evidence highlights the importance of the NnSnRK1-NnATG1 signalling axis in inducing ACD in lotus flower buds and culminating in their timely abortion. Under shaded conditions, elevated levels of NnSnRK1 activated NnATG1, which subsequently led to the formation of numerous autophagosome structures in lotus flower bud cells. Excessive autophagy levels led to the bulk degradation of cellular material, which triggered ACD and the abortion of flower buds. NnSnRK1 does not act directly on NnATG1. Other components, including TOR (target of rapamycin), PI3K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase) and three previously unidentified genes, appeared to be pivotal for the interaction between NnSnRK1 and NnATG1. This study reveals the role of autophagy in regulating the abortion of lotus flower buds, which could improve reproductive success and act as an energy-efficient measure in plants.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Lotus , Flores/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(23)2023 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069042

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogenous myeloid neoplasm that remains challenging to treat. Because intensive conventional chemotherapy reduces survival rates in elderly patients, drugs with lower toxicity and fewer side effects are needed urgently. 2-Hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HP-ß-CyD) is used clinically as a pharmaceutical excipient for poorly water-soluble drugs. Previously, we showed that HP-ß-CyD exerts antitumor activity by disrupting cholesterol homeostasis. Recently, we developed folate-conjugated HP-ß-CyD (FA-HP-ß-CyD) and demonstrated its potential as a new antitumor agent that induces not only apoptosis, but also autophagic cell death; however, we do not know whether FA-HP-ß-CyD exerts these effects against AML. Here, we investigated the effects of FA-HP-ß-CyD on folate receptor (FR)-expressing AML cells. We found that the cytotoxic activity of FA-HP-ß-CyD against AML cells was stronger than that of HP-ß-CyD. Also, FA-HP-CyD induced the formation of autophagosomes in AML cell lines. FA-HP-ß-CyD increased the inhibitory effects of cytarabine and a BCL-2-selective inhibitor, Venetoclax, which are commonly used treat elderly AML patients. Notably, FA-HP-ß-CyD suppressed the proliferation of AML cells in BALB/c nude recombinase-activating gene-2 (Rag-2)/Janus kinase 3 (Jak3) double-deficient mice with AML. These results suggest that FA-HP-ß-CyD acts as a potent anticancer agent for AML chemotherapy by regulating autophagy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Morte Celular Autofágica , Ciclodextrinas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Idoso , 2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina/farmacologia , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1126661, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37964954

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder that affects multiple organs and systems, including the pulmonary system. Pulmonary dysfunction in DM patients has been observed and studied for years, but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood. In addition to traditional mechanisms such as the production and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), angiopathy, tissue glycation, oxidative stress, and systemic inflammation, recent studies have focused on programmed cell deaths (PCDs), especially the non-apoptotic ones, in diabetic pulmonary dysfunction. Non-apoptotic PCDs (NAPCDs) including autophagic cell death, necroptosis, pyroptosis, ferroptosis, and copper-induced cell death have been found to have certain correlations with diabetes and relevant complications. The AGE-AGE receptor (RAGE) axis not only plays an important role in the traditional pathogenesis of diabetes lung disease but also plays an important role in non-apoptotic cell death. In this review, we summarize novel studies about the roles of non-apoptotic PCDs in diabetic pulmonary dysfunction and focus on their interactions with the AGE-RAGE axis.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Apoptose
12.
J Biomed Sci ; 30(1): 91, 2023 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37936170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although stimulating autophagy caused by UV has been widely demonstrated in skin cells to exert cell protection, it remains unknown the cellular events in UVA-treated retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS: Human ARPE-19 cells were used to measure cell viability, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), mitochondrial mass and lysosomal mass by flow cytometry. Mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was recorded using Seahorse XF flux analyzer. Confocal microscopic images were performed to indicate the mitochondrial dynamics, LC3 level, and AMPK translocation after UVA irradiation. RESULTS: We confirmed mitochondrial ROS production and DNA damage are two major features caused by UVA. We found the cell death is prevented by autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine and gene silencing of ATG5, and UVA induces ROS-dependent LC3II expression, LC3 punctate and TFEB expression, suggesting the autophagic death in the UVA-stressed RPE cells. Although PARP-1 inhibitor olaparib increases DNA damage, ROS production, and cell death, it also blocks AMPK activation caused by UVA. Interestingly we found a dramatic nuclear export of AMPK upon UVA irradiation which is blocked by N-acetylcysteine and olaparib. In addition, UVA exposure gradually decreases lysosomal mass and inhibits cathepsin B activity at late phase due to lysosomal dysfunction. Nevertheless, cathepsin B inhibitor, CA-074Me, reverses the death extent, suggesting the contribution of cathepsin B in the death pathway. When examining the role of EGFR in cellular events caused by UVA, we found that UVA can rapidly transactivate EGFR, and treatment with EGFR TKIs (gefitinib and afatinib) enhances the cell death accompanied by the increased LC3II formation, ROS production, loss of MMP and mass of mitochondria and lysosomes. Although AMPK activation by ROS-PARP-1 mediates autophagic cell death, we surprisingly found that pretreatment of cells with AMPK activators (A769662 and metformin) reverses cell death. Concomitantly, both agents block UVA-induced mitochondrial ROS production, autophagic flux, and mitochondrial fission without changing the inhibition of cathepsin B. CONCLUSION: UVA exposure rapidly induces ROS-PARP-1-AMPK-autophagic flux and late lysosomal dysfunction. Pre-inducing AMPK activation can prevent cellular events caused by UVA and provide a new protective strategy in photo-oxidative stress and photo-retinopathy.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Autofagia , Catepsina B/metabolismo , Catepsina B/farmacologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
13.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 959: 176091, 2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37805132

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of most common malignancies worldwide, yet curative therapy remains a clinical challenge. Here, we demonstrate that scoparone (Scop), a traditional Chinese medicine monomer, inhibits the growth of CRC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Further studies found that Scop treatment induces complete autophagic flux in CRC cells, while inhibition of autophagy markedly represses the antiproliferative activities of Scop, suggesting an antitumour property of Scop-induced autophagy in CRC. Mechanistically, Scop induced autophagy initiation by reducing P21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) expression and subsequently repressing the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Collectively, our study suggests that Scop is a potential anti-CRC therapeutic option and provides an underlying molecular mechanism for its antitumour effect in CRC.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Quinases Ativadas por p21/metabolismo , Autofagia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Apoptose
14.
Cell Death Dis ; 14(9): 620, 2023 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37735513

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest diseases in human malignancies. Among total pancreatic cancer patients, ~10% of patients are categorized as familial pancreatic cancer (FPC) patients, carrying germline mutations of the genes involved in DNA repair pathways (e.g., BRCA2). Personalized medicine approaches tailored toward patients' mutations would improve patients' outcome. To identify novel vulnerabilities of BRCA2-deficient pancreatic cancer, we generated isogenic Brca2-deficient murine pancreatic cancer cell lines and performed high-throughput drug screens. High-throughput drug screening revealed that Brca2-deficient cells are sensitive to Bromodomain and Extraterminal Motif (BET) inhibitors, suggesting that BET inhibition might be a potential therapeutic approach. We found that BRCA2 deficiency increased autophagic flux, which was further enhanced by BET inhibition in Brca2-deficient pancreatic cancer cells, resulting in autophagy-dependent cell death. Our data suggests that BET inhibition can be a novel therapeutic strategy for BRCA2-deficient pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Autofagia/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Pâncreas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas
15.
Cells ; 12(16)2023 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37626880

RESUMO

Nucleolar stress reflects a misfunction of the nucleolus caused by a failure in ribosome biogenesis and defective nucleolar architecture. Various causes have been reported, most commonly mutation of ribosomal proteins and ribosome processing factors, as well as interference with these processes by intracellular or ectopic stress, such as RNA polymerase I inhibition, ROS, UV and others. The nucleolus represents the place for ribosome biogenesis and serves as a crucial hub in the cellular stress response. It has been shown to stimulate multiple downstream consequences, interfering with cell growth and survival. Nucleolar stress induction is most classically known to stimulate p53-dependent cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Nucleolar stress represents a friend and enemy at the same time: From a pathophysiological perspective, inactivation of the nucleolar function by mutation or stress conditions is connected to multiple diseases, such as neurodegeneration, cancer and ribosomopathy syndromes. However, triggering the nucleolar stress response via specific chemotherapeutics, which interfere with nucleolar function, has beneficial effects for anti-cancer therapy. Interestingly, since the nucleolar stress response also triggers p53-independent mechanisms, it possesses the potential to specifically target p53-mutated tumors, which reflects the most common aberration in human cancer. More recent data have shown that the nucleolar stress response can activate autophagy and diverse signaling cascades that might allow initial pro-survival mechanisms. Nevertheless, it depends on the situation whether the cells undergo autophagy-mediated apoptosis or survive, as seen for autophagy-dependent drug resistance of chemotherapy-exposed tumor cells. Given the relatively young age of the research field, precise mechanisms that underly the involvement of autophagy in nucleolar stress are still under investigation. This review gives an update on the emerging contribution of nucleolar stress in the regulation of autophagy at a transcriptional level. It also appears that in autophagy p53-dependent as well as -independent responses are induced. Those could be exploited in future therapies against diseases connected to nucleolar stress.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Humanos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Nucléolo Celular , Autofagia/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica
16.
Poult Sci ; 102(10): 103006, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37595500

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism of microRNA-129-1-3p (miR-129-1-3p) in regulating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced autophagic death of chicken granulosa cell by targeting mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU). The results indicated that the exposure of hens' ovaries to H2O2 resulted in a significant elevation in reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, as well as the apoptosis of granulosa cells and follicular atresia. This was accompanied by an upregulation of glucose-regulated protein 75 (GRP75), voltage-dependent anion-selective channel 1 (VDAC1), MCU, mitochondria fission factor (MFF), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) I, and LC3II expression, and a downregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) and mitofusin-2 (MFN2) expression. In hens' granulosa cells, a luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-129-1-3p directly regulates MCU. The induction of oxidative stress through H2O2 resulted in the activation of the permeability transition pore, an overload of calcium, depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential, dysfunction of mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum membranes (MAMs), and ultimately, autophagic cell death. The overexpression of miR-129-1-3p effectively mitigated these H2O2-induced changes. Furthermore, miR-129-1-3p overexpression in granulosa cells prevented the alterations induced by H2O2 in the expression of key proteins that play crucial roles in maintaining the integrity of MAMs and regulating autophagy, such as GRP75, VDAC1, MFN2, PTEN-induced kinase 1 (Pink1), and parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase (Parkin). Together, these in vitro- and in vivo-based experiments suggest that miR-129-1-3p protects granulosa cells from oxidative stress-induced autophagic cell death by downregulating the MCU-mediated mitochondrial autophagy. miR-129-1-3p/MCU calcium signaling pathway may act as a new target to alleviate follicular atresia caused by oxidative stress in laying hens.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , MicroRNAs , Feminino , Animais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , Atresia Folicular , Estresse Oxidativo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/fisiologia
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(13)2023 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37446120

RESUMO

Autophagy plays a complex impact role in tumor initiation and development. It serves as a double-edged sword by supporting cell survival in certain situations while also triggering autophagic cell death in specific cellular contexts. Understanding the intricate functions and mechanisms of autophagy in tumors is crucial for guiding clinical approaches to cancer treatment. Recent studies highlight its significance in various aspects of cancer biology. Autophagy enables cancer cells to adapt to and survive unfavorable conditions by recycling cellular components. However, excessive or prolonged autophagy can lead to the self-destruction of cancer cells via a process known as autophagic cell death. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms underlying autophagy regulation in cancer is crucial for the development of targeted therapeutic interventions. In this review, we seek to present a comprehensive summary of current knowledge regarding autophagy, its impact on cancer cell survival and death, and the molecular mechanisms involved in the modulation of autophagy for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Morte Celular Autofágica , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/fisiologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(24): e2219435120, 2023 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37276410

RESUMO

M family proteins are critical virulence determinants of Streptococci. Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (SEZ) are Group C streptococci that cause meningitis in animals and humans. SzM, the M protein of SEZ, has been linked to SEZ brain invasion. Here, we demonstrate that SzM is important in SEZ disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). SEZ release SzM-bound membrane vesicles (MVs), and endocytosis of these vesicles by human brain endothelial microvascular cells (hBMECs) results in SzM-dependent cytotoxicity. Furthermore, administration of SzM-bound MVs disrupted the murine BBB. A CRISPR screen revealed that SzM cytotoxicity in hBMECs depends on PTEN-related activation of autophagic cell death. Pharmacologic inhibition of PTEN activity prevented SEZ disruption of the murine BBB and delayed mortality. Our data show that MV delivery of SzM to host cells plays a key role in SEZ pathogenicity and suggests that MV delivery of streptococcal M family proteins is likely a common streptococcal virulence mechanism.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Streptococcus equi , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Antígenos de Bactérias , Streptococcus , Células Endoteliais
19.
Drug Discov Today ; 28(9): 103692, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37379905

RESUMO

Cellular localization and deacetylation activity of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) has a significant role in cancer regulation. The multifactorial role of SIRT1 in autophagy regulates several cancer-associated cellular phenotypes, aiding cellular survival and cell death induction. SIRT1-mediated deacetylation of autophagy-related genes (ATGs) and associated signaling mediators control carcinogenesis. The hyperactivation of bulk autophagy, disrupted lysosomal and mitochondrial biogenesis, and excessive mitophagy are key mechanism for SIRT1-mediated autophagic cell death (ACD). In terms of the SIRT1-ACD nexus, identifying SIRT1-activating small molecules and understanding the possible mechanism triggering ACD could be a potential therapeutic avenue for cancer prevention. In this review, we provide an update on the structural and functional intricacy of SIRT1 and SIRT1-mediated autophagy activation as an alternative cell death modality for cancer prevention.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Neoplasias , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Autofagia/genética , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle
20.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 59(5): 381-393, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37195553

RESUMO

It is known that IL-17A inhibits autophagy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, thus contributing to the carcinogenesis of HCC. Starvation therapy can promote the autophagic death of HCC cells by blocking the nutrition supply. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the pharmacological antagonist of IL-17A, secukinumab, and starvation therapy have a synergistic effect on the autophagic cell death of HCC. Here, it could be observed that compared with serum-free condition, the combination of secukinumab and serum-free status better promoted autophagy (observed by LC3 conversion rate, p62 protein expression and the formation of autophagosomes), and more significantly inhibited the survival and function (observed by Trypan blue staining, CCK-8, Transwell, and scratch assays) in HCC HepG2 cells. Moreover, secukinumab significantly decreased BCL2 protein expression under serum-normal and serum-free conditions. However, both the addition of recombinant IL-17A and overexpression of BCL2 blocked the regulation of secukinumab on the survival and autophagy in HepG2 cells. Nude mice experiments demonstrated that compared to the lenvatinib-alone group, the combination group of lenvatinib and secukinumab better inhibited the in vivo tumorigenesis of HepG2 cells and enhanced autophagy in xenotumor tissues. Furthermore, secukinumab significantly decreased BCL2 protein expression in xenotumor tissues without or with lenvatinib application. In conclusion, the antagonism of IL-17A with secukinumab, due to the upregulation on BCL2-related autophagic cell death, can cooperate with starvation therapy in inhibiting HCC carcinogenesis. Our data suggested that secukinumab can become an effective adjuvant for the treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Camundongos , Autofagia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Humanos
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