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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619977

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, and slightly halophilic alphaproteobacterium, designated strain EGI FJ00035T, was isolated from enrichment sediment samples of a saline lake in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, PR China. The taxonomic position of the isolate was determined using the polyphasic taxonomic and phylogenomic analyses. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain EGI FJ00035T formed a distinct clade with 'Chelativorans alearense' UJN715 and 'Chelativorans xinjiangense' lm93 with sequence similarities of 98.44 and 98.22 %, respectively, while sharing less than 96.7 % with other valid type strains. The novel isolate could be distinguished from other species of the genus Chelativorans by its distinct phenotypic, physiological, and genotypic characteristics. Optimal growth of strain EGI FJ00035T occurred on marine agar 2216 at pH 7.0 and 30 °C. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10, while the major fatty acids (>5 %) were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, summed feature 8 (C17 : 1 ω6c and/or C17 : 1 ω7c), C16 : 0, C18 : 0, and iso-C17 : 0. The detected polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified aminophospholipids, unidentified glycolipids, and an unidentified lipid. Based on its genome sequence, the G+C content of strain EGI FJ00035T was 63.2 mol%. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity, and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain EGI FJ00035T against related members of the genus Chelativorans were below the thresholds for delineation of a novel species. According our polyphasic taxonomic data, strain EGI FJ00035T represents a new species of the genus Chelativorans, for which the name Chelativorans salis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the proposed novel isolate is EGI FJ00035T (=KCTC 92251T=CGMCC 1.19480T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Phyllobacteriaceae , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Ubiquinona/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Lagos/análise , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , China , Phyllobacteriaceae/genética
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619981

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, indole-producing, and cellulose-degrading bacterial strain, designated NEAU-G-C5T, was isolated from soil collected from a forest in Dali city, Yunnan province, south China. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain NEAU-G-C5T was assigned to the genus Massilia and showed high sequence similarities to Massilia phosphatilytica 12-OD1T (98.32 %) and Massilia putida 6 NM-7T (98.41 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain NEAU-G-C5T formed a lineage related to M. phosphatilytica 12-OD1T and M. putida 6 NM-7T. The major fatty acids of the strain were C16 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c, and C17 : 0 cyclo. The respiratory quinone was Q-8. The polar lipid profile of the strain showed the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. In addition, the average nucleotide identity values between strain NEAU-G-C5T and its reference strains M. phosphatilytica 12-OD1T, M. putida 6 NM-7T, M. norwichensis NS9T, and M. kyonggiensis TSA1T were 89.7, 88.2, 81.3, and 88.0 %, respectively, and the levels of digital DNA-DNA hybridization between them were found to be 58.5 % (54.9-62.0 %), 53.2 % (49.8-56.7 %), 31.9 % (28.6-35.5 %), and 57.7 % (54.1-61.2 %), respectively, which were lower than the accepted threshold values of 95-96 % and 70 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain NEAU-G-C5T was 66.5 mol%. The strain could produce indoleacetic acid and cellulase. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, we conclude that strain NEAU-G-C5T represents a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia luteola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-G-C5T (=MCCC 1K08668T=KCTC 8080T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Solo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , China , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Indóis , Microbiologia do Solo
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619975

RESUMO

Salipiger manganoxidans VSW210T was compared with Salipiger marinus CK-I3-6T to examine the taxonomic relationship between the two type strains. In phylogenetic trees drawn using whole genome sequences and 16S rRNA gene sequences, S. manganoxidans VSW210T and S. marinus CK-I3-6T clade together and showed a 99.6 % 16S rRNA sequence similarity. The average amino acid identity (AAI), average nucleotide identity (ANIb and ANIm) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between S. manganoxidans VSW210T and S. marinus CK-I3-6T were below 97.5, 97.4, 98.4 and 85.1±2.5 %, respectively, all of which were greater than the species delineation threshold AAI value (95.5 %), ANI value (95-96 %) and dDDH value (70 %). Most phenotypic features between both species were almost identical, although there were some differences. The present results show that Salipiger manganoxidans is a later heterotypic synonym of Salipiger marinus.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Rhodobacteraceae , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619980

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, R39T and R73T, were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the selenium hyperaccumulator Cardamine hupingshanesis in China. Strain R39T transformed selenite into elemental and volatile selenium, whereas strain R73T transformed both selenate and selenite into elemental selenium. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strain R39T belonged to the genus Achromobacter, while strain R73T belonged to the genus Buttiauxella. Strain R39T (genome size, 6.68 Mb; G+C content, 61.6 mol%) showed the closest relationship to Achromobacter marplatensis LMG 26219T and Achromobacter kerstersii LMG 3441T, with average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 83.6 and 83.4 %, respectively. Strain R73T (genome size, 5.22 Mb; G+C content, 50.3 mol%) was most closely related to Buttiauxella ferragutiae ATCC 51602T with an ANI value of 86.4 %. Furthermore, strain A111 from the GenBank database was found to cluster with strain R73T within the genus Buttiauxella through phylogenomic analyses. The ANI and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains R73T and A111 were 97.5 and 80.0% respectively, indicating that they belong to the same species. Phenotypic characteristics also differentiated strain R39T and strain R73T from their closely related species. Based on the polyphasic analyses, strain R39T and strain R73T represent novel species of the genera Achromobacter and Buttiauxella, respectively, for which the names Achromobacter seleniivolatilans sp. nov. (type strain R39T=GDMCC 1.3843T=JCM 36009T) and Buttiauxella selenatireducens sp. nov. (type strain R73T=GDMCC 1.3636T=JCM 35850T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Achromobacter , Cardamine , Selênio , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cardamine/genética , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácido Selenioso
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619983

RESUMO

The alphaproteobacterial order Hyphomicrobiales consists of 38 families comprising at least 152 validly published genera as of January 2024. The order Hyphomicrobiales was first described in 1957 and underwent important revisions in 2020. However, we show that several inconsistencies in the taxonomy of this order remain and we argue that there is a need for a consistent framework for defining families within the order. We propose a common genome-based framework for defining families within the order Hyphomicrobiales, suggesting that families represent monophyletic groups in core-genome phylogenies that share pairwise average amino acid identity values above ~75 % when calculated from a core set of 59 proteins. Applying this framework, we propose the formation of four new families and to reassign the genera Salaquimonas, Rhodoblastus, and Rhodoligotrophos into Salaquimonadaceae fam. nov., Rhodoblastaceae fam. nov., and Rhodoligotrophaceae fam. nov., respectively, and the genera Albibacter, Chenggangzhangella, Hansschlegelia, and Methylopila into Methylopilaceae fam. nov. We further propose to unify the families Bartonellaceae, Brucellaceae, Phyllobacteriaceae, and Notoacmeibacteraceae as Bartonellaceae; the families Segnochrobactraceae and Pseudoxanthobacteraceae as Segnochrobactraceae; the families Lichenihabitantaceae and Lichenibacteriaceae as Lichenihabitantaceae; and the families Breoghaniaceae and Stappiaceae as Stappiaceae. Lastly, we propose to reassign several genera to existing families. Specifically, we propose to reassign the genus Pseudohoeflea to the family Rhizobiaceae; the genera Oricola, Roseitalea, and Oceaniradius to the family Ahrensiaceae; the genus Limoniibacter to the emended family Bartonellaceae; the genus Faunimonas to the family Afifellaceae; and the genus Pseudochelatococcus to the family Chelatococcaceae. Our data also support the recent proposal to reassign the genus Prosthecomicrobium to the family Kaistiaceae.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria , Beijerinckiaceae , Humanos , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Beijerinckiaceae/genética
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625720

RESUMO

Phytopathogenic bacteria (MAFF 302110T and MAFF 302107) were isolated from lesions on Japanese angelica trees affected by bacterial soft rot in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. The strains were Gram-reaction-negative, facultatively anaerobic, motile with peritrichous flagella, rod-shaped, and non-spore-forming. The genomic DNA G+C content was 51.1 mol % and the predominant cellular fatty acids included summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0, summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), summed feature 2 (comprising any combination of C12 : 0 aldehyde, an unknown fatty acid with an equivalent chain length of 10.928, C16 : 1 iso I, and C14 : 0 3OH), and C12 : 0. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA and gyrB gene sequences, along with phylogenomic analysis utilizing whole-genome sequences, consistently placed these strains within the genus Pectobacterium. However, their phylogenetic positions did not align with any known species within the genus. Comparative studies involving average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization with the closely related species indicated values below the thresholds employed for the prokaryotic species delineation (95-96 % and 70 %, respectively), with the highest values observed for Pectobacterium polonicum DPMP315T (92.10 and 47.1 %, respectively). Phenotypic characteristics, cellular fatty acid composition, and a repertoire of secretion systems could differentiate the strains from their closest relatives. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and genotypic data obtained in this study show that MAFF 302110T/MAFF 302107 represent a novel species of the genus Pectobacterium, for which we propose the name Pectobacterium araliae sp. nov., designating MAFF 302110T (=ICMP 25161T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Angelica , Pectobacterium , Japão , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bactérias
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625732

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated A6E488T, was isolated from intertidal sediment collected from Xiaoshi Island, Weihai, PR China (122° 1' E 37° 31' N). Cells of strain A6E488T were rod-shaped with widths of 0.3-0.4 µm and lengths of 1.1-1.8 µm. The optimal growth conditions were determined to be in 1 % (w/v) NaCl, at 37 °C, and at pH 7.0. The predominant fatty acids (≥10 %) were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c (59.7 %) and summed feature 8 (13.8 %, C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The sole isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. Oxidase activity was negative but catalase activity was positive. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid, one unidentified glycolipid, and one unidentified lipid. Based on phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain A6E488T showed the highest sequence similarity to Microbaculum marinum MCCC 1K03192T (97.6 %). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain A6E488T and M. marinum MCCC 1K03192T did not exceed 78 and 22 %, respectively. These values are below the recommended thresholds of 95 % (ANI) and 70 % (dDDH) for prokaryotic species delineation. On the basis of gene annotation, it was observed that strain A6E488T possesses the capability for thiosulphate oxidation, suggesting that this strain might be important in the sulphur cycle. Based on the results of phenotypic, genotypic, and chemical characterization, strain A6E488T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Microbaculum, for which the name Microbaculum marinisediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A6E488T (=KCTC 92197T=MCCC 1H00516T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Sedimentos Geológicos , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Nucleotídeos
8.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 25(1): 151, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genomes are inherently inhomogeneous, with features such as base composition, recombination, gene density, and gene expression varying along chromosomes. Evolutionary, biological, and biomedical analyses aim to quantify this variation, account for it during inference procedures, and ultimately determine the causal processes behind it. Since sequential observations along chromosomes are not independent, it is unsurprising that autocorrelation patterns have been observed e.g., in human base composition. In this article, we develop a class of Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) called oHMMed (ordered HMM with emission densities, the corresponding R package of the same name is available on CRAN): They identify the number of comparably homogeneous regions within autocorrelated observed sequences. These are modelled as discrete hidden states; the observed data points are realisations of continuous probability distributions with state-specific means that enable ordering of these distributions. The observed sequence is labelled according to the hidden states, permitting only neighbouring states that are also neighbours within the ordering of their associated distributions. The parameters that characterise these state-specific distributions are inferred. RESULTS: We apply our oHMMed algorithms to the proportion of G and C bases (modelled as a mixture of normal distributions) and the number of genes (modelled as a mixture of poisson-gamma distributions) in windows along the human, mouse, and fruit fly genomes. This results in a partitioning of the genomes into regions by statistically distinguishable averages of these features, and in a characterisation of their continuous patterns of variation. In regard to the genomic G and C proportion, this latter result distinguishes oHMMed from segmentation algorithms based in isochore or compositional domain theory. We further use oHMMed to conduct a detailed analysis of variation of chromatin accessibility (ATAC-seq) and epigenetic markers H3K27ac and H3K27me3 (modelled as a mixture of poisson-gamma distributions) along the human chromosome 1 and their correlations. CONCLUSIONS: Our algorithms provide a biologically assumption free approach to characterising genomic landscapes shaped by continuous, autocorrelated patterns of variation. Despite this, the resulting genome segmentation enables extraction of compositionally distinct regions for further downstream analyses.


Assuntos
Genoma , Genômica , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Cadeias de Markov , Composição de Bases , Probabilidade , Algoritmos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629946

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, short rod-shaped bacterial strain, HBC34T, was isolated from a freshwater sample collected from Daechung Reservoir, Republic of Korea. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that HBC34T was affiliated with the genus Sphingobium and shared the highest sequence similarity to the type strains of Sphingobium vermicomposti (98.01 %), Sphingobium psychrophilum (97.87 %) and Sphingobium rhizovicinum (97.59 %). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridisation (dDDH) values between HBC34T and species of the genus Sphingobium with validly published names were below 84.01 and 28.1 %, respectively. These values were lower than the accepted species-delineation thresholds, supporting its recognition as representing a novel species of the genus Sphingobium. The major fatty acids (>10 % of the total fatty acids) were identified as summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c) and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The main polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, two phospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids. The respiratory quinone was Q-10. The genomic DNA G+C content of HBC34T was 64.04 %. The polyphasic evidence supports the classification of HBC34T as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Sphingobium, for which the name Sphingobium cyanobacteriorum sp. nov is proposed. The type strain is HBC34T (= KCTC 8002T= LMG 33140T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Água Doce , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629951

RESUMO

Three Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile strains (DC2WT, DC25WT, and LKC2W) were isolated from streams in China. Comparisons based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these three strains share 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values over 97.0 % with the species of genus Arcicella. There was confusion due to the fact that all species of genera Flectobacillus, Aquirufa, and Sandaracinomonas show 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of over 90.0 % to the above three strains, but the genus Flectobacillus belongs to the family Spirosomataceae and the genera Aquirufa and Sandaracinomonas belong to the family Cytophagaceae. Observing the phylogenetic trees, strains DC2WT, DC25WT, and LKC2W cluster closely with the species of genus Arcicella, but some species within the families Spirosomataceae and Cytophagaceae are not monophyletic. The phylogenomic tree also showed a confused phylogenetic relationships among these non-monophyletic species. Combining the phylogenetic relationships and average nucleotide identity values, the current taxonomic status of all the genera within the families Spirosomataceae and Cytophagaceae were re-examined. The genera 'Chryseosolibacter', 'Dawidia', and Chryseotalea should belong to the new family Chryseotaleaceae fam. nov., the genera Arcicella, Flectobacillus, Pseudarcicella, Aquirufa, and Sandaracinomonas should belong to the new family Flectobacillaceae fam. nov., the genera Fluviimonas, Taeseokella, Arcticibacterium, Emticicia, Jiulongibacter, Marinilongibacter, Lacihabitans, and Leadbetterella should belong to the new family Leadbetterellaceae fam. nov., the genus Litoribacter should be reassigned to the family Cyclobacteriaceae, and the genera Arundinibacter and Tellurirhabdus should be reassigned to the family Spirosomataceae. Strains DC2WT and DC25WT are reported to represent two novel species of the genus Arcicella, for which the names Arcicella gelida sp. nov. (type strain DC2WT=GDMCC 1.3209T=KCTC 92559T) and Arcicella lustrica sp. nov. (type strain DC25WT=GDMCC 1.3210T=KCTC 92557T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Humanos , Rios , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Bacteroidetes , China
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630118

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of three actinobacterial strains, BCCO 10_0061T, BCCO 10_0798T, and BCCO 10_0856T, recovered from bare soil in the Sokolov Coal Basin, Czech Republic, was established using a polyphasic approach. The multilocus sequence analysis based on 100 single-copy genes positioned BCCO 10_0061T in the same cluster as Lentzea waywayandensis, strain BCCO 10_0798T in the same cluster as Lentzea flaviverrucosa, Lentzea californiensis, Lentzea violacea, and Lentzea albidocapillata, and strain BCCO 10_0856T clustered together with Lentzea kentuckyensis and Lentzea alba. Morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of these strains support their assignment to the genus Lentzea. In all three strains, MK-9(H4) accounted for more than 80 % of the isoprenoid quinone. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars were rhamnose, ribose, mannose, glucose, and galactose. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, and C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, methyl-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxy-phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylinositol. The genomic DNA G+C content of strains (mol%) was 68.8 for BCCO 10_0061T, 69.2 for BCCO 10_0798T, and 68.5 for BCCO 10_0856T. The combination of digital DNA-DNA hybridization results, average nucleotide identity values and phenotypic characteristics of BCCO 10_0061T, BCCO 10_0798T, and BCCO 10_0856T distinguishes them from their closely related strains. Bioinformatic analysis of the genome sequences of the strains revealed several biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) with identities >50 % to already known clusters, including BGCs for geosmin, coelichelin, ε-poly-l-lysine, and erythromycin-like BGCs. Most of the identified BGCs showed low similarity to known BGCs (<50 %) suggesting their genetic potential for the biosynthesis of novel secondary metabolites. Based on the above results, each strain represents a novel species of the genus Lentzea, for which we propose the name Lentzea sokolovensis sp. nov. for BCCO 10_0061T (=DSM 116175T), Lentzea kristufekii sp. nov. for BCCO 10_0798T (=DSM 116176T), and Lentzea miocenica sp. nov. for BCCO 10_0856T (=DSM 116177T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Actinomycetales , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , República Tcheca , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bactérias , Carvão Mineral
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591772

RESUMO

Two yeast strains, designated as 19-39-3 and 19-40-2, obtained from the fruiting bodies of Trametes versicolor and Marasmius siccus collected in Yunwu Mountain Forest Park, PR China, have been identified as representing a novel asexual ascomycetous yeast species. From the results of phylogenetic analyses of the sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA, small subunit (SSU) rRNA and translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1) genes, it was determined that these strains represent a member of the genus Wickerhamomyces, with Wickerhamomyces alni and Candida ulmi as the closest relatives. The novel species exhibited 6.6 and 6.7% differences in the D1/D2 domains compared with W. alni and C. ulmi, respectively. Additionally, distinct biochemical and physiological differences were observed between the novel species and its related counterparts. No sexual reproduction was observed in these strains, leading to the proposal of the name Wickerhamomyces corioli f.a., sp. nov. for this newly discovered species.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Saccharomycetales , Filogenia , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Agaricales/genética , Trametes/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/química , Saccharomycetales/genética , DNA Fúngico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591773

RESUMO

Four yeast strains, representing a novel anamorphic species, were isolated in Thailand. The two strains (ST-3660T and ST-3647) were obtained from two different estuarine water samples in a mangrove forest. Strain DMKU-FW1-37 was derived from a grease sample, and another strain (TSU57) was isolated from a fruiting body of Phallus sp. Pairwise sequence analysis showed that the four strains had identical or differed by only one nucleotide substitution in the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene, and differed by one to three nucleotide substitutions in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions. Savitreea pentosicarens is the most closely related species to the four strains, but with 9-10 (1.57-1.72 %) nucleotide substitutions in the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene and 29-31 (4.22-4.45 %) nucleotide substitutions in the ITS regions. Phylogenetic analyses based on the concatenated sequences of the ITS regions and the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene showed that the four strains form a well-separated lineage from S. pentosicarens with high bootstrap support, confirming that they represent a distinct species. Therefore, the four strains are assigned as representives of a novel species of the genus Savitreea, for which the name Savitreea siamensis sp. nov. is proposed. The holotype is TBRC 4481T and the ex-type is PYCC 9794T (=ST-3660T). The MycoBank number of the novel species is MB 851951.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Saccharomycetales , Filogenia , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Tailândia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Fúngico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nucleotídeos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591775

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and halotolerant bacterium, designated as strain ASW11-75T, was isolated from intertidal sediments in Qingdao, PR China, and identified using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Growth of strain ASW11-75T occurred at 10-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and 0.5-18.0 % NaCl concentrations (optimum, 2.5 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and 1179 single-copy orthologous clusters indicated that strain ASW11-75T is affiliated with the genus Marinobacter. Strain ASW11-75T showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to 'Marinobacter arenosus' CAU 1620T (98.5 %). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain ASW11-75T and its closely related strains (Marinobacter salarius R9SW1T, Marinobacter similis A3d10T, 'Marinobacter arenosus' CAU 1620T, Marinobacter sediminum R65T, Marinobacter salinus Hb8T, Marinobacter alexandrii LZ-8T and Marinobacter nauticus ATCC 49840T) were 19.8-24.5 % and 76.6-80.7 %, respectively. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C16 : 0 N alcohol. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid and two unidentified lipids. The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-9. The genomic DNA G+C content was 62.2 mol%. Based on genomic and gene function analysis, strain ASW11-75T had lower protein isoelectric points with higher ratios of acidic residues to basic residues and possessed genes related to ion transport and organic osmoprotectant uptake, implying its potential tolerance to salt. The results of polyphasic characterization indicated strain ASW11-75T represents a novel Marinobacter species, for which the name Marinobacter qingdaonensis sp. nov. with the type strain ASW11-75T is proposed. The type strain is ASW11-75T (=KCTC 82497T=MCCC 1K05587T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Marinobacter , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587505

RESUMO

By investigating wet and dry age-related ripening of beef, Pseudomonas strains V3/3/4/13T and V3/K/3/5T were isolated. Strain V3/3/4/13T exhibited more than 99 % 16S rRNA gene-based similarity to Pseudomonas fragi and other members of this group, while isolate V3/K/3/5T was very close to Pseudomonas veronii and a number of relatives within the Pseudomonas fluorescens group. Additional comparisons of complete rpoB sequences and draft genomes allowed us to place isolate V3/3/4/13T close to Pseudomonas deceptionensis DSM 26521T. In the case of V3/K/3/5T the closest relative was P. veronii DSM 11331T. Average nucleotide identity (ANIb) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values calculated from the draft genomes of V3/3/4/13T and P. deceptionensis DSM 26521T were 88.5 and 39.8 %, respectively. For V3/K/3/5T and its closest relative P. veronii DSM 11331T, the ANIb value was 95.1 % and the dDDH value was 60.7 %. The DNA G+C contents of V3/3/4/13T and V3/K/3/5T were 57.4 and 60.8 mol%, respectively. Predominant fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω7c, C17 : 0 cyclo and summed feature C16 : 1 ω7ct/C15 : 0 iso 2OH. The main respiratory quinones were Q9, with minor proportions of Q8 and, in the case of V3/K/3/5T, additional Q10. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and, in the case of V3/K/3/5T, additional phosphatidylcholine. Based on the combined data, isolates V3/3/4/13T and V3/K/3/5T should be considered as representatives of two novel Pseudomonas species. The type strain of the newly proposed Pseudomonas kulmbachensis sp. nov. is V3/3/4/13T (=DSM 113654T=LMG 32520T), a second strain belonging to the same species is FLM 004-28 (=DSM 113604=LMG 32521); the type strain for the newly proposed Pseudomonas paraveronii sp. nov. is V3/K/3/5T (=DSM 113573T=LMG 32518T) with a second isolate FLM 11 (=DSM 113572=LMG 32519).


Assuntos
Galinhas , Ácidos Graxos , Animais , Bovinos , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Pseudomonas/genética , Nucleotídeos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578275

RESUMO

As required by Rule 54 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, the authors propose the replacement specific epithet 'allocomposti' for the illegitimate prokaryotic name Sphingobacterium composti Yoo et al. 2007, the replacement subspecific epithet 'bovistauri' for Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. bovis Kim et al. 2017 and the replacement subspecific epithet 'allosunkii' for Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. sunkii Kudo et al. 2012. Meanwhile, new combinations Christiangramia oceanisediminis and Christiangramia crocea are also proposed as replacements for the illegitimate prokaryotic names Gramella oceanisediminis Yang et al. 2023 and Gramella crocea Zhang et al. 2023, respectively.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Lactobacillus , Mycobacteriaceae , Mycobacterium chelonae , Sphingobacterium , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602173

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, strain HUAS 3T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Cathaya argyrophylla collected in Hunan Province, PR China. Strain HUAS 3T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The dominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6), MK-10(H2) and MK-9(H4). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phospholipids, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphotidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The main cellular fatty acids (>5.0 %) were C17 : 1 ω8c, iso-C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c, iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c). The DNA G+C content of the novel strain's genome sequence, consisting of 7 196 442 bp, was 72.8 mol%. The full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain HUAS 3T belonged to the genus Micromonospora and showed highest similarities to Micromonospora fluminis A38T (99.44 %), Micromonospora echinospora DSM 43816T (99.23 %), Micromonospora tulbaghiae DSM 45142T (99.23 %), Micromonospora solifontis PPF5-17T (99.16 %) and Micromonospora endolithica DSM 44398T (98.96 %). Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HUAS 3T was closely related to M. fluminis A38T, M. tulbaghiae DSM 45142T and M. solifontis PPF5-17T. The phylogenomic tree revealed that strain HUAS 3T was closely related to Micromonospora pallida DSM 43817T. However, the average nucleotide identity (ANIb/ANIm) and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between them were 84.75 /88.16 and 30.80 %, respectively, far less than the 95-96 and 70 % cut-off points recommended for delineating species. Furthermore, strain HUAS 3T was distinct from the type strain of M. pallida in terms of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics. In summary, strain HUAS 3T represents a novel Micromonospora species, for which the name Micromonospora cathayae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HUAS 3T (=MCCC 1K08599T=JCM 36275T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Micromonospora , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602172

RESUMO

A polyphasic taxonomic study was carried out on strain ES2T, isolated from sediment of a wetland created to remediate acid drainage from a coal mine. The rod-shaped bacterium formed yellow/orange pigmented colonies and produced the pigment flexirubin. The 16S rRNA gene sequence results assigned the strain to Chryseobacterium, with 98.9 and 98.3 % similarity to Chryseobacterium vietnamense and Chryseobacterium cucumeris, respectively. Computation of the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values with the closest phylogenetic neighbours of ES2T revealed genetic differences at the species level, which were further substantiated by differences in several physiological characteristics. The dominant fatty acids of strain ES2T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 1 ω9c, iso C17 : 0 3-OH, and iso-C15 : 0 2-OH. The DNA G+C content was 35.5 mol%. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine while menaquinone-6 was the only menaquinone found. This bacterium has been previously shown to possess metallophore activity towards rare earth elements, and based on genome sequencing, possesses all required genes for siderophore production/activity, possibly identifying the source of this unique ability. On the basis of the results obtained here, this bacterium is assigned to the genus Chryseobacterium as representing a new species with the name Chryseobacterium metallicongregator sp. nov., type strain ES2T (=NRRL B-65679T=KCTC 102120T).


Assuntos
Chryseobacterium , Ácidos Graxos , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vitamina K 2 , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602466

RESUMO

Strain Ran72T, a novel Gram-stain-negative, obligately aerobic, non-motile, and rod-shaped bacterium, was isolated from the faeces of the rhinoceros species Ceratotherium simum. The novel bacterial strain grew optimally in Reasoner's 2A medium under the following conditions: 0 % (w/v) NaCl, pH 7.5, and 30 °C. Based on phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, strain Ran72T was found to be most closely related to Chryseobacterium faecale F4T (98.4 %), Kaistella soli DKR-2T (98.0 %), and Kaistella haifensis H38T (97.4 %). A comprehensive genome-level comparison between strain Ran72T with C. faecale F4T, K. soli DKR-2T, and K. haifensis H38T revealed average nucleotide identity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization, and average amino acid identity values of ≤74.9, ≤19.3, and ≤78.7 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (22.3 %), with MK-6 being the predominant respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids of strain Ran72T were phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminolipids, and two unidentified lipids. Based on our chemotaxonomic, genotypic, and phenotype characterizations, strain Ran72T was identified as representing a novel species in the genus Kaistella, for which the name Kaistella rhinocerotis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Ran72T (=KACC 23136T=JCM 36038T). Based on the outcomes of our phylogenomic study, Chryseobacterium faecale should be reclassified under the genus Kaistella as Kaistella faecalis comb. nov.


Assuntos
Chryseobacterium , Animais , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Fezes , Perissodáctilos
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