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1.
Pediatr Int ; 66(1): e15726, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biotinidase deficiency is caused by absent activity of the biotinidase, encoded by the biotinidase gene (BTD). Affected individuals cannot recycle the biotin, leading to heterogeneous symptoms that are primarily neurological and cutaneous. Early treatment with biotin supplementation can prevent irreversible neurological damage and is recommended for patients with profound deficiency, defined as enzyme activity <10% mean normal (MN). Molecular testing has been utilized along with biochemical analysis for diagnosis and management. In this study, our objective was to correlate biochemical phenotype/enzyme activity to BTD genotype in patients for whom both enzyme and molecular testing were performed at our lab, and to review how the correlations inform on variant severity. METHODS: We analyzed results of biotinidase enzyme analysis and BTD gene sequencing in 407 patients where samples were submitted to our laboratory from 2008 to 2020. RESULTS: We identified 84 BTD variants; the most common was c.1330G>C, and 19/84 were novel BTD variants. A total of 36 patients had enzyme activity <10% of MN and the most common variant found in this group was c.528G>T. No variant was reported in one patient in the profound deficiency group. The most common variant found in patients with enzyme activity more than 10% MN was c.1330G>C. CONCLUSIONS: Although enzyme activity alone may be adequate for diagnosing profound biotinidase deficiency, molecular testing is necessary for accurate carrier screening and in cases where the enzyme activity falls in the range where partial deficiency and carrier status cannot be discriminated.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotina/genética , Mutação , Genótipo , Triagem Neonatal
2.
Ophthalmic Genet ; 45(2): 120-125, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38234168

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is an inherited autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. BD has been associated with optic nerve atrophy, eye infections, and retinopathy. The most prevalent ophthalmic manifestation of BD is optic atrophy, which might be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica, especially in late-onset BD cases. METHODS: In this article, we report a 9-year-old boy with gradual vision loss. Ophthalmologic examination, Brain MRI, and several laboratory tests such as Aquaporin-4 IgG level and biotinidase level were done on the patient. RESULTS: Bilateral optic atrophy and impaired visual acuity were detected on examination. The patient had a biotin level of 1.25 U/min/ml (normal range 3-9 U/min/ml), favoring the BD. CONCLUSION: In this study, we report a 9-year-old boy with vision loss diagnosed with BD. We also reviewed the literature to highlight the ophthalmic manifestations of BD. Ophthalmologists must consider BD in children with unexplained ophthalmologic complaints, especially when other characteristic signs of BD (e.g., developmental delay, seizure) are present. Also, patients with BD should undergo regular annual ophthalmologic examinations to be checked for any signs of eye involvement.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Atrofia Óptica , Masculino , Criança , Humanos , Deficiência de Biotinidase/complicações , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Biotinidase , Biotina , Transtornos da Visão
3.
J Gene Med ; 26(1): e3597, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37751899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disease, which develops neurological symptoms because of the impaired biotin recycling. Pathogenic mutations on BTD gene cause BTD deficiency. The clinical features and mutation analysis of Pakistani children with BTD deficiency have rarely been described. Herein, for the first time, we report the clinical features, BTD gene mutations and biochemical analysis of seven symptomatic children with BTD deficiency from Pakistan. METHODS: Seven suspected BTD-deficient patients who presented abnormal organic acid profiles and clinical features were subjected to Sanger sequencing to identify pathogenic mutations in the BTD gene. The results were analyzed by Mutation Surveyor Software. RESULTS: All seven patients exhibited common biotinidase deficiency symptoms including hypotonia, developmental delay and seizures. Biochemical analysis shows marked excretion of 3-hydroxy isovalerate in all cases, followed by 3-hydroxy propionate and methyl citrate. Sanger sequencing revealed one frame-shift mutation, c.98_104delinsTCC (p.Cys33Phefs), and two missense mutations, c.1612C>A (p.Arg538Ser) and c.1330G>C (p.Asp444His). All mutations were in the homozygous state and classified as pathogenic in published studies and mutation databases. CONCLUSIONS: This study has validated the BTD variants as the underlying cause of biotinidase deficiency in which molecular testing of BTD is supported by urinary organic acid analysis and clinical diagnosis. Secondly, the strength of the local availability of this test in Pakistan will paved the way for the neonatal screening of biotinidase deficiency.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Humanos , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/patologia , Biotinidase/genética , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Paquistão , Mutação , Triagem Neonatal
4.
Eur J Pediatr ; 183(3): 1341-1351, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38141137

RESUMO

Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder which results from the inability of biotin-dependent carboxylase enzymes to function due to the release and absorption of biotin, leading to neurological and cutaneous findings. In the present study, evaluation of demographic characteristics, clinical findings, laboratory results, molecular genetic characteristics, and genotype-phenotype correlations of cases with BD. Two hundred forty-seven cases were included in the study who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Metabolism of Ankara Bilkent City Hospital after being identified with potential BD through the Newborn Screening Program (NBS), during family screening or based on suspicious clinical findings, or following the detection of a pathogenic variant in a BTD genetic analysis during the period of October 2020 and February 2022. The medical files of the cases were reviewed retrospectively. An analysis of the admission routes of all cases to our clinic revealed 89.5% NBS, 5.7% family screening, and 4.9% suspicious clinical findings suggestive of BD. Complete enzyme deficiency was identified in 19.8%, partial enzyme deficiency in 55.1%, and heterogenous enzyme deficiency in 9.7%. The most common pathogenic variants were c.1270G > C (p.Asp424His), c.410G > A (p.Arg137His), and c.38_44delGCGCTGinsTCC (p.Cys13Phefs*36) in BTD gene. The c.1270G > C variant was most common in patients with cutaneous symptoms. The c.410G > A and c.38_44delGCGCTGinsTCC variants were more common in the patients with neurological symptoms. The mean activity level in patients with the c.1270G > C homozygous variant was statistically significantly higher than the mean activity level in the c.1270G > C compound heterozygous patients and the activity level of patients without the c.1270G > C variant. The mean activity level in c.410G > A homozygous patients was statistically significantly lower than the mean activity level of the c.410G > A compound heterozygous patients and the activity level of patients without the c.410G > A variant. In the course of our study, four new pathogenic variants were detected, namely: c.190G > A (p.Glu64Lys), c.249 + 5G > T, c.228delA (p.Val77*), and c.682A > G (p.Ile228Val).     Conclusions: The present study has determined the clinical and genetic spectrum of a large group of patients with BD in a single center. The frequent mutations in our study were similar to those reported in literature, and four novel variants were also described. What is Known: • Biotinidase deficiency is an autosomal recessive, treatable inborn error of metabolism. Two hundred ninety-four pathogenic variants in the BTD gene have been identified and the c.1270G > C variant is the most frequent BTD gene mutation in both Turkey and around the world. What is New: • Four new pathogenic variants (c.190G > A, p.Glu64Lys; c.249 + 5G > T; c.228delA, p.Val77*; and c.682A > G, p.Ile228Val) have been identified. It is believed that the c.38_44delGCGGCTGinsTCC variant is more commonly seen in individuals with ocular issues; however, further genotype-phenotype correlations are needed.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Criança , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/patologia , Biotinidase/genética , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotina/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mutação , Triagem Neonatal , Biologia Molecular
5.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 36(11): 1061-1071, 2023 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37725148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the genotype-phenotype relation in patients with biotinidase enzyme deficiency based on repeated biotinidase enzyme measurements. METHODS: The hospital file information of patients with biotinidase, enzyme deficiency was assessed retrospectively, and the relationship between the BTD gene mutations analysis results and biotinidase enzyme activity following the first and repeated enzyme activity assessments was analyzed. RESULTS: One-hundred-ten patients were included. In the first enzyme evaluation, profound biotinidase enzyme deficiency was identified in 15 (13.6 %), partial biotinidase enzyme deficiency in 63 (57.3 %), and heterozygous biotinidase enzyme deficiency in 32 (29.1 %) of the patients. The BTD genetic analysis revealed 42 (38.2 %) homozygous, 42 (38.2 %) heterozygous, and 26 (23.6 %) compound heterozygous variants. The most common homozygous variant, p.Asp444His, was evaluated with 130 repeated enzyme measurements and was consistent with a partial biotinidase enzyme deficiency in 55.4 % of cases, heterozygous biotinidase enzyme deficiency in 43.8 % of cases, and profound biotinidase enzyme deficiency in one (0.8 %) case. Clinical symptoms developed in 17 patients during follow-up, of which 70.6 % were related to neurodevelopment. The most common variant was homozygous p.Asp444His (29.4 %) among the patients who developed symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to date to evaluate the genotype-phenotype relationship in patients with biotinidase deficiency through repeated measurements of biotinidase enzyme activity. The study reveals that biotinidase enzyme activity alone is inadequate for diagnosing biotinidase enzyme deficiency or evaluating disease severity, as genetic investigations are also required for a definitive diagnosis of biotinidase enzyme deficiency.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mutação , Homozigoto , Fenótipo , Triagem Neonatal
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(12)2023 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37373384

RESUMO

Biotinidase (BTD) deficiency (OMIM 253260) is an autosomal recessively inherited metabolic disorder resulting from deficient activity of the BTD enzyme, which can cleave and release biotin from a variety of biotin-dependent carboxylases, and is therefore recognized as a tool to recycle biotin. Being a condition caused by variations on BTD gene with a consequence of free biotin shortage, BTD deficiency may impair the activity of biotin-dependent carboxylases, and thus bring about a buildup of potentially toxic compounds in the body, primarily 3-hydroxyisovaleryl-carnitine in plasma as well as 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid in urine. The phenotype of BTD deficiency may vary dramatically, from asymptomatic adults to severe neurological anomalies, even death in infancy. In the present study, we reported on a 5-month-old boy, whose parents sought for medical consultation in our clinic for their son due to his loss of consciousness, repeated tetany, and motor retardation. Detailed clinical features included severe psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, as well as failure to thrive. The brain MRI at 12 months showed cerebellar hypoplasia and multiple foci of leukodystrophy. The result of antiepileptic therapy was not satisfying. During hospitalization, BTD deficiency was suggested by elevated concentration of 3-hydroxyisovaleryl-carnitine in the blood spots and 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid in the urine. The child was then diagnosed with profound BTD deficiency based on the above findings and low BTD enzyme activity. Subsequent mutational analysis revealed a novel homozygous variant, c.637_637delC (p.H213Tfs*51) in exon 4 of BTD gene in the proband, which was recognized as a further support to the diagnosis. Therefore, biotin treatment was started immediately, eventually with satisfactory outcomes achieved in terms of prevention of epileptic seizure, performance in deep tendon reflexes, and improvement of muscular hypotonia, but unfortunately, the therapy failed to show any evident effects on poor feeding and intellectual disability. This painful lesson suggests that newborn screening for inherited metabolic diseases is essential for early identification and treatment, which should have been performed in this case to avoid this tragedy.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Humanos , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/tratamento farmacológico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotinidase/genética , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Valeratos
7.
Toxicology ; 493: 153555, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37236339

RESUMO

Cysteamine, a sulfhydryl compound, is an intermediate in the metabolism of coenzyme A to taurine in living organisms. However, the potential side effects of cysteamine such as hepatotoxicity in pediatric patients have been reported in some studies. To evaluate the impact of cysteamine on infants and children, larval zebrafish (a vertebrate model) were exposed to 0.18, 0.36 and 0.54 mM cysteamine from 72 hpf to 144 hpf. Alterations in general and pathological evaluation, biochemical parameters, cell proliferation, lipid metabolism factors, inflammatory factors and Wnt signaling pathway levels were examined. Increased liver area and lipid accumulation were observed in liver morphology, staining and histopathology in a dose-dependent manner with cysteamine exposure. In addition, the experimental cysteamine group exhibited higher alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total triglyceride and total cholesterol levels than the control group. Meanwhile, the levels of lipogenesis-related factors ascended whereas lipid transport-related factors descended. Oxidative stress indicators such as reactive oxygen species, MDA and SOD were upregulated after cysteamine exposure. Afterwards, transcription assays revealed that biotinidase and Wnt pathway-related genes were upregulated in the exposed group, and inhibition of Wnt signaling partially rescued the abnormal liver development. The current study found that cysteamine-induced hepatotoxicity in larval zebrafish is due to inflammation and abnormal lipid metabolism, which is mediated by biotinidase (a potential pantetheinase isoenzyme) and Wnt signaling. This provides a perspective on the safety of cysteamine administration in children and identifies potential targets for protection against adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Animais , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Cisteamina/toxicidade , Cisteamina/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Fígado , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/metabolismo , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia
8.
Mol Genet Metab ; 138(4): 107560, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37027963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is an autosomal recessively inherited disorder that was first described in 1982. Forty years after its first description, we compiled available clinical data on BD with the aim of generating a more comprehensive picture of this condition. METHODS: A systematic search strategy was performed in relevant databases without limits for publication date or languages. We screened 3966 records and included 144 articles reporting individuals with BD and their clinical presentation as well as the outcomes, when available. RESULTS: This study included 1113 individuals with BD. More than half (51.5%) of these individuals were diagnosed by newborn screening, 43.3% in presence of clinical symptoms and 5.2% due to family screening. We grouped symptomatic individuals into four main clinical presentations: neonatal-onset (<1 month; 7.9%), early childhood-onset (<2 years; 59.2%), juvenile-onset (2-16 years; 25.1%) and adult-onset (>16 years; 7.7%). BD affected five main organ systems: nervous system (67.2%), skin (53.7%), eye (34.4%), auditory (26.9%) and respiratory system (17.8%). Involvement was mainly multisystemic (82.2%) of individuals, whereas isolated system presentation was seen in only 17.2% of individuals. When reported, metabolic acidosis was present in 42.4% of symptomatic individuals and characteristic abnormal organic acid metabolites were found in 57.1%. Biotin treatment led to clinical stability or improvement in 89.2% of individuals. 1.6% of reported individuals with BD died due to non-availability of treatment or late diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Newborn screening has had a major positive impact on the outcome of many individuals with BD. However, undiagnosed and non-treated BD remains a health concern. Given the risk of mortality or complications associated with late or missed diagnosis if newborn screening is not available, a trial of biotin should be considered in undiagnosed infants and adults exhibiting suspected clinical signs. Enzymatic activity and/or analysis of genetic variants can readily confirm the diagnosis of BD.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotinidase/genética , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Triagem Neonatal , Bases de Dados Factuais
9.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 36(6): 555-560, 2023 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37119528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the clinical, demographic and laboratory characteristics of the patients referred with a preliminary diagnosis of biotinidase deficiency through the national newborn metabolic screening program. We also attempted to determine the cut-off level of the fluorometric method used for screening biotinidase deficiency by the Ministry of Health. METHODS: A total of 700 subjects who were referred to the Pediatric Metabolism Outpatient Clinic with a preliminary diagnosis of biotinidase deficiency through the national newborn metabolic screening program were retrospectively evaluated. Patients detected by family screening were excluded. Biotinidase enzyme activity was assessed and BTD gene analysis was performed in all patients. RESULTS: Of 700 subjects who were referred by the screening program, 284 (40.5 %) had biotinidase deficiency (BD). The enzyme activity was 0-10, 10-30 and >30 % in 39 (5.5 %), 245 (35 %) and 416 (59.5 %) patients, respectively. The BD was partial in majority of patients (86.2 %). The cut-off level was 59.5 MRU for partial BD and 50.5 MRU for profound BD. The most common mutation detected was p.Arg157His (c.470G>A) among patients with profound BD, and p.D444H (c.1330G>C) among patients with partial BD. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment should be initiated promptly in patients who are referred by the newborn screening program. Any mean activity under 59.5 MRU should be considered partial BD, while less than 50.5 MRU should be considered profound BD. It should be kept in mind that clinical manifestations may develop both in profound and partial BD.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Humanos , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Triagem Neonatal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biotinidase/genética , Mutação
10.
J Proteomics ; 278: 104872, 2023 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36898611

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological developmental disorder in children, and is associated with social isolation and restricted interests. The etiology of this disorder is still unknown. There is neither any confirmed laboratory test nor any effective therapeutic strategy to diagnose or cure it. We performed data independent acquisition (DIA) and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) analysis of plasma from children with ASD and controls. The result showed that 45 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified between autistic subjects and controls. Among these, only one DEP was down-regulated in ASD; other DEPs were up-regulated in ASD children's plasma. These proteins are found associated with complement and coagulation cascades, vitamin digestion and absorption, cholesterol metabolism, platelet degranulation, selenium micronutrient network, extracellular matrix organization and inflammatory pathway, which have been reported to be related to ASD. After MRM verification, five key proteins in complement pathway (PLG, SERPINC1, and A2M) and inflammatory pathway (CD5L, ATRN, SERPINC1, and A2M) were confirmed to be significantly up-regulated in ASD group. Through the screening of machine learning model and MRM verification, we found that two proteins (biotinidase and carbonic anhydrase 1) can be used as early diagnostic markers of ASD (AUC = 0.8, p = 0.0001). SIGNIFICANCE: ASD is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder in the world and has become a major public health problem worldwide. Its prevalence has been steadily increasing, with a global prevalence rate of 1%. Early diagnosis and intervention can achieve better prognosis. In this study, data independent acquisition (DIA) and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) analysis was applied to analyze the plasma proteome of ASD patients (31 (±5) months old), and 378 proteins were quantified. 45 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified between the ASD group and the control group. They mainly were associated with platelet degranulation, ECM proteoglycar, complement and coagulation cascades, selenium micronutrient network, regulation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) transport and uptake by insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs), cholesterol metabolism, vitamin metabolism, and inflammatory pathway. Through the integrated machine learning methods and the MRM verification of independent samples, it is considered that biotinidase and carbon anhydrase 1 have the potential to become biomarkers for the early diagnosis of ASD. These results complement proteomics database of the ASD patients, broaden our understanding of ASD, and provide a panel of biomarkers for the early diagnosis of ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Selênio , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/metabolismo , Proteômica , Biotinidase , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Vitaminas , Colesterol
11.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 44(3): 328-333, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36759144

RESUMO

Biotinidase deficiency is an autosomal recessive condition caused by pathogenic variants in the BTD gene. Resultant deficiency of free biotin leads to impaired activity of the enzyme carboxylase and related neurologic, dermatologic, and ocular symptoms. Many of these are reversible on treatment, but early recognition and commencement of biotin supplementation are critical. This practice is especially important in countries where routine neonatal screening for biotinidase deficiency is not performed. In this report comprising 14 patients from multiple centers, we demonstrate the MR imaging patterns of this disorder at various age groups. Knowledge of these patterns in the appropriate clinical context will help guide early diagnosis of this treatable metabolic disorder.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico por imagem , Deficiência de Biotinidase/tratamento farmacológico , Biotina/metabolismo , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotinidase/genética , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Biotinidase/uso terapêutico , Triagem Neonatal , Neuroimagem
12.
Clin Biochem ; 115: 129-136, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398329

RESUMO

This study set out to examine pre-analytical factors affecting the frequency of positive results in newborn screening for biotinidase deficiency. This investigation was prompted by an increase in the annual screen positive rate for biotinidase deficiency in Ontario from 2.65x10-4 in 2016 to 6.57x10-4 in 2017. Season and trend decomposition was used to separate seasonality from an underlying trend in the time series of biotindase activity measurements for the period 2014-01-12 to 2019-07-27 (n = 798,770). This analysis revealed a marked seasonal effect (winter = median + ⩽ 17 MRU, summer = mean - ⩽20 MRU) and a non-linear negative trend. Seasonal temperature was correlated with biotinidase results (Pearson's r = 0.79) but not with the observed negative trend (Pearson's r = 0.0025). Time series analysis of biotinidase results grouped by print lot of filter paper revealed that recently printed filter paper cards inhibit biotinidase and that this inhibition resolved over time. This study demonstrates that biotindase activity is inhibited by both increased seasonal temperature and collection on newly printed filter cards.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Biotinidase , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Estações do Ano , Temperatura , Triagem Neonatal/métodos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805799

RESUMO

Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder in which the enzyme biotinidase is totally or partially defective and the vitamin biotin is not recycled. BD meets the major criteria for a population screening program. Newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) allows early diagnosis of BD, thus preventing the high morbidity and mortality associated with untreated disease. Both profound and partial BD variant can be detected by NBS test, and serum enzyme activity and/or mutational analysis are required for definitive diagnosis. In Italy, BD is included in the screening panel for inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) that has been declared mandatory in 2016. We analyzed the data of the first 3 years of the NBS for BD in our region (Abruzzo, Italy), with the aim to describe the outcomes of this recently introduced screening program. In over 26,393 newborns screened, we found 2 carriers and 16 cases with genotype associated with partial BD. Since the serum biotinidase assay has been recently introduced in our algorithm, only three of our newborns met the criteria of genetic and biochemical confirmation, with an incidence of 1:8797, which is in the high range of what has been reported in the literature. All affected infants carried the 1330G>C (D444H) variant in compound heterozygosis, with variants known to be associated with profound BD. A variant previously not described and likely pathogenic was found in one newborn. None of the infants had signs or symptoms. The study of the distribution of the enzyme activity in our population allowed us to validate the adopted cutoff with which the program has a positive predictive value of 18% and to analyze some preanalytical factors influencing biotinidase activity: A correlation of the enzyme activity with gestational age and time at specimen collection was found. Lower mean values of enzyme activity were found in infants born in the summer.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Triagem Neonatal
14.
Mol Genet Metab ; 137(1-2): 225-227, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35843775

RESUMO

There continues to be questions and misconceptions about the administration of the vitamin, biotin, to children with the inherited biotin-responsive disorder, especially infants. Therefore, this commentary is intended to address the issues of biotin administration for healthcare workers, parents of children with the biotin-responsive disorders and the individuals with the disorders.


Assuntos
Biotina , Carbono-Nitrogênio Ligases , Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotinidase , Vitaminas
15.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(5)2022 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35627187

RESUMO

Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disease. Previously the disease was identified only by clinical signs and symptoms, and since recently, it has been included in newborn screening programs (NBS) worldwide, though not commonly. In Europe, BD prevalence varies highly among different countries, e.g., from 1:7 116 in Turkey to 1:75 842 in Switzerland. This paper aimed to present the molecular spectrum of BD (profound and partial forms) in Polish patients diagnosed within the national NBS of 1,071,463 newborns. The initial suspicion of BD was based on an abnormal biotinidase activity result determined in a dry blood spot (DBS) by colorimetric and by fluorimetric methods while biochemical verification was determined by serum biotinidase activity (as quantitative analysis). The final diagnosis of BD was established by serum enzyme activity and the BTD gene direct sequencing. The obtained results allowed for the estimation of disease prevalence (1:66,966 births, while 1:178,577 for profound and 1:107,146 for partial forms), and gave novel data on the molecular etiology of BD.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Polônia/epidemiologia , Prevalência
16.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 45(3): 605-620, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35195902

RESUMO

Deficiency of the biotinidase (BTD) enzyme is an inborn error of biotin metabolism caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the BTD gene. There are two forms, partial and profound BTD deficiency, which both can be successfully treated with pharmacological doses of biotin, justifying the inclusion of this disorder in the newborn screening in numerous countries. We investigated the BTD deficiency cohort (N = 87) in our metabolic center, as it was detected upon newborn screening since 2005, and aimed to better understand the long-term course of BTD enzyme activity and how it may relate to the patients' genetic background. We observed that individuals with partial BTD deficiency display an elevation of BTD enzyme activity with increasing age in 48% of cases-a recovery which allowed adjustment or stop of biotin supplementation in 20% of all individuals. In addition, we were able to recruit 56 patients (64%) for genetic testing, revealing 19 different variants (2 novel), and constituting 22 different genotypes. Genotype-phenotype correlations revealed that the most abundant allele in our cohort p.(Asp444His) was also the most common variant in patients displaying recovery of BTD enzyme activity. Based on our results, we recommend to retest all patients with partial BTD deficiency at the age of 5 years, as this may result in an impact on therapy. Moreover, genetic testing of BTD deficient individuals can allow prediction of the severity of BTD deficiency and of the likelihood of BTD enzyme activity recovery with age.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Biotina/uso terapêutico , Biotinidase/genética , Biotinidase/metabolismo , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/tratamento farmacológico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Pré-Escolar , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Triagem Neonatal
17.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 72(1): 97-100, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35099446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the reference interval of biotinidase activity in healthy neonates. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from May to November 2019, and comprised blood samples collected from healthy neonates aged 2-6 days. The samples were collected on filter paper and analysed on genetic screening processor based on dissociation-enhanced lanthanide flouroimmunoassay. Data was analysed using SPSS 21. RESULTS: Of the 120 dried blood spot specimens, 81(67.5%) were from male babies and 39(32.5%) from female babies. Reference interval for biotinidase activity, based on 2.5th and 97.5th percentiles, was from 3.0 to 11.0 nmol/ml/min. CONCLUSIONS: Screening of newborns for biotinidase deficiency is crucial to prevent irreversible neurological damage.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Amidoidrolases , Biotinidase , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Triagem Neonatal , Paquistão
18.
Indian J Pediatr ; 89(6): 594-596, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032020

RESUMO

Biotinidase deficiency (BD) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by bi-allelic mutation in the BTD gene. Clinical manifestations in BD mainly depends on residual biotinidase enzyme activity, although there are some exceptions. Broadly BD disorders are classified as profound BD and partial BD. Further profound BD can be early onset, late onset, and sometimes may be asymptomatic. Clinically late-onset profound BD can present with spectrum of manifestations ranging from single organ to multiple organ involvement, typically affecting function of brain, eye, ear, and skin. Here, a first-born child to consanguineous parents with late-onset profound BD presenting with hyperventilation secondary to lactic acidosis, hypotonia, evolving spasticity, and abnormal neuroimaging findings caused by novel homozygous variant, c.466-3T>G in the BTD gene is reported.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Alelos , Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Criança , Homozigoto , Humanos , Mutação
20.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(7): 780-785, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the biotinidase (BTD) gene mutations in patients with biotinidase deficiency in our region; and to determine the phenotype-genotype correlations in the presence of clinical findings. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Medical Genetics and Pediatric Metabolism Outpatient Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, between January 2018 and June 2020. METHODOLOGY: Two hundred and nine patients, who were found positive for biotinidase deficiency in heel blood screening, were included. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood. Next-generation DNA sequencing analysis was performed using primers covering the exon regions of the BTD gene. The results were analysed by the mutation surveyor programme. RESULTS: The most common mutation was c.1330 G>C (p.D444H) and the second most common mutation was c.470 G>A (p.R157H). The majority of the mutations are missense; and they are especially located in the exon 4. The most frequent mutations were found to be D444H and R157H with a rate of 66.66% in symptomatic patients. CONCLUSION: Common mutations in BTD deficiencies were indentified. Associating them with phenotype-genotype data will assist clinicians in better genetic counselling and management in the future by implementing prevention programmes. Key Words: Biotinidase deficiency, BTD gene, Newborn screening, Inherited metabolic disease, Newborn screening programme.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Biotinidase , Biotinidase/genética , Deficiência de Biotinidase/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Biotinidase/genética , Criança , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mutação , Triagem Neonatal
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