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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10540, 2024 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719945

RESUMO

Viruses are crucial for regulating deep-sea microbial communities and biogeochemical cycles. However, their roles are still less characterized in deep-sea holobionts. Bathymodioline mussels are endemic species inhabiting cold seeps and harboring endosymbionts in gill epithelial cells for nutrition. This study unveiled a diverse array of viruses in the gill tissues of Gigantidas platifrons mussels and analyzed the viral metagenome and transcriptome from the gill tissues of Gigantidas platifrons mussels collected from a cold seep in the South Sea. The mussel gills contained various viruses including Baculoviridae, Rountreeviridae, Myoviridae and Siphovirdae, but the active viromes were Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, and Podoviridae belonging to the order Caudovirales. The overall viral community structure showed significant variation among environments with different methane concentrations. Transcriptome analysis indicated high expression of viral structural genes, integrase, and restriction endonuclease genes in a high methane concentration environment, suggesting frequent virus infection and replication. Furthermore, two viruses (GP-phage-contig14 and GP-phage-contig72) interacted with Gigantidas platifrons methanotrophic gill symbionts (bathymodiolin mussels host intracellular methanotrophic Gammaproteobacteria in their gills), showing high expression levels, and have huge different expression in different methane concentrations. Additionally, single-stranded DNA viruses may play a potential auxiliary role in the virus-host interaction using indirect bioinformatics methods. Moreover, the Cro and DNA methylase genes had phylogenetic similarity between the virus and Gigantidas platifrons methanotrophic gill symbionts. This study also explored a variety of viruses in the gill tissues of Gigantidas platifrons and revealed that bacteria interacted with the viruses during the symbiosis with Gigantidas platifrons. This study provides fundamental insights into the interplay of microorganisms within Gigantidas platifrons mussels in deep sea.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Bivalves , Brânquias , Metagenômica , Animais , Metagenômica/métodos , Bacteriófagos/genética , Bacteriófagos/isolamento & purificação , Brânquias/microbiologia , Brânquias/virologia , Brânquias/metabolismo , Bivalves/microbiologia , Bivalves/virologia , Bivalves/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Viroma/genética , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/classificação , Simbiose/genética , Metagenoma
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732036

RESUMO

Bivalves hold an important role in marine aquaculture and the identification of growth-related genes in bivalves could contribute to a better understanding of the mechanism governing their growth, which may benefit high-yielding bivalve breeding. Somatostatin receptor (SSTR) is a conserved negative regulator of growth in vertebrates. Although SSTR genes have been identified in invertebrates, their involvement in growth regulation remains unclear. Here, we identified seven SSTRs (PySSTRs) in the Yesso scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis, which is an economically important bivalve cultured in East Asia. Among the three PySSTRs (PySSTR-1, -2, and -3) expressed in adult tissues, PySSTR-1 showed significantly lower expression in fast-growing scallops than in slow-growing scallops. Then, the function of this gene in growth regulation was evaluated in dwarf surf clams (Mulinia lateralis), a potential model bivalve cultured in the lab, via RNA interference (RNAi) through feeding the clams Escherichia coli containing plasmids expressing double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) targeting MlSSTR-1. Suppressing the expression of MlSSTR-1, the homolog of PySSTR-1 in M. lateralis, resulted in a significant increase in shell length, shell width, shell height, soft tissue weight, and muscle weight by 20%, 22%, 20%, 79%, and 92%, respectively. A transcriptome analysis indicated that the up-regulated genes after MlSSTR-1 expression inhibition were significantly enriched in the fat digestion and absorption pathway and the insulin pathway. In summary, we systemically identified the SSTR genes in P. yessoensis and revealed the growth-inhibitory role of SSTR-1 in bivalves. This study indicates the conserved function of somatostatin signaling in growth regulation, and ingesting dsRNA-expressing bacteria is a useful way to verify gene function in bivalves. SSTR-1 is a candidate target for gene editing in bivalves to promote growth and could be used in the breeding of fast-growing bivalves.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Pectinidae , Receptores de Somatostatina , Animais , Pectinidae/genética , Pectinidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pectinidae/metabolismo , Bivalves/genética , Bivalves/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bivalves/metabolismo , Receptores de Somatostatina/genética , Receptores de Somatostatina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Interferência de RNA , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
3.
Harmful Algae ; 134: 102609, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705612

RESUMO

Modified clay compounds are used globally as a method of controlling harmful algal blooms, and their use is currently under consideration to control Karenia brevis blooms in Florida, USA. In 1400 L mesocosm tanks, chemical dynamics and lethal and sublethal impacts of MC II, a polyaluminum chloride (PAC)-modified kaolinite clay, were evaluated over 72 h on a benthic community representative of Sarasota Bay, which included blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), sea urchin (Lytechinus variegatus), and hard clam (Mercenaria campechiensis). In this experiment, MC II was dosed at 0.2 g L-1 to treat bloom-level densities of K. brevis at 1 × 106 cells L-1. Cell removal in MC II-treated tanks was 57% after 8 h and 95% after 48 h. In the water column, brevetoxin analogs BTx-1 and BTx-2 were found to be significantly higher in untreated tanks at 24 and 48 h, while in MC II-treated tanks, BTx-3 was found to be higher at 48 h and BTx-B5 was found to be higher at 24 and 48 h. In MC II floc, we found no significant differences in BTx-1 or BTx-2 between treatments for any time point, while BTx-3 was found to be significantly higher in the MC II-treated tanks at 48 and 72 h, and BTx-B5 was higher in MC II-treated tanks at 24 and 72 h. Among various chemical dynamics observed, it was notable that dissolved phosphorus was consistently significantly lower in MC II tanks after 2 h, and that turbidity in MC II tanks returned to control levels 48 h after treatment. Dissolved inorganic carbon and total seawater alkalinity were significantly reduced in MC II tanks, and partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) was significantly higher in the MC II-only treatment after 2 h. In MC II floc, particulate phosphorus was found to be significantly higher in MC II tanks after 24 h. In animals, lethal and sublethal responses to MC II-treated K. brevis did not differ from untreated K. brevis for either of our three species at any time point, suggesting MC II treatment at this dosage has negligible impacts to these species within 72 h of exposure. These results appear promising in terms of the environmental safety of MC II as a potential bloom control option, and we recommend scaling up MC II experiments to field trials in order to gain deeper understanding of MC II performance and dynamics in natural waters.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Alumínio , Dinoflagellida , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Toxinas Marinhas , Animais , Dinoflagellida/efeitos dos fármacos , Dinoflagellida/fisiologia , Dinoflagellida/química , Argila/química , Bivalves/fisiologia , Bivalves/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouriços-do-Mar/fisiologia , Ouriços-do-Mar/efeitos dos fármacos , Florida , Braquiúros/fisiologia , Braquiúros/efeitos dos fármacos , Mercenaria/efeitos dos fármacos , Mercenaria/fisiologia , Silicatos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Silicatos de Alumínio/química
4.
Harmful Algae ; 134: 102621, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705617

RESUMO

Vulcanodinium rugosum is a benthic dinoflagellate known for producing pinnatoxins, pteriatoxins, portimines and kabirimine. In this study, we aimed to identify unknown analogs of these emerging toxins in mussels collected in the Ingril lagoon, France. First, untargeted data acquisitions were conducted by means of liquid chromatography coupled to hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry. Data processing involved a molecular networking approach, and a workflow dedicated to the identification of biotransformed metabolites. Additionally, targeted analyses by liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry were also implemented to further investigate and confirm the identification of new compounds. For the first time, a series of 13-O-acyl esters of portimine-A (n = 13) were identified, with fatty acid chains ranging between C12:0 and C22:6. The profile was dominated by the palmitic acid conjugation. This discovery was supported by fractionation experiments combined with the implementation of a hydrolysis reaction, providing further evidence of the metabolite identities. Furthermore, several analogs were semi-synthesized, definitively confirming the discovery of these metabolization products. A new analog of pinnatoxin, with a molecular formula of C42H65NO9, was also identified across the year 2018, with the highest concentration observed in August (4.5 µg/kg). The MS/MS data collected for this compound exhibited strong structural similarities with PnTX-A and PnTX-G, likely indicating a substituent C2H5O2 in the side chain at C33. The discovery of these new analogs will contribute to deeper knowledge of the chemodiversity of toxins produced by V. rugosum or resulting from shellfish metabolism, thereby improving our ability to characterize the risks associated with these emerging toxins.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Dinoflagellida , Ésteres , Ácidos Graxos , Toxinas Marinhas , Animais , Bivalves/metabolismo , Bivalves/química , Dinoflagellida/química , Dinoflagellida/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ésteres/metabolismo , Ésteres/química , Toxinas Marinhas/metabolismo , Toxinas Marinhas/química , Cromatografia Líquida , França
5.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(5): 3098-3111, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606583

RESUMO

Biodegradable stents are the most promising alternatives for the treatment of cardiovascular disease nowadays, and the strategy of preparing functional coatings on the surface is highly anticipated for addressing adverse effects such as in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis. Yet, inadequate mechanical stability and biomultifunctionality limit their clinical application. In this study, we developed a multicross-linking hydrogel on the polylactic acid substrates by dip coating that boasts impressive antithrombotic ability, antibacterial capability, mechanical stability, and self-healing ability. Gelatin methacryloyl, carboxymethyl chitosan, and oxidized sodium alginate construct a double-cross-linking hydrogel through the dynamic Schiff base chemical and in situ blue initiation reaction. Inspired by the adhesion mechanism employed by mussels, a triple-cross-linked hydrogel is formed with the addition of tannic acid to increase the adhesion and antibiofouling properties. The strength and hydrophilicity of hydrogel coating are regulated by changing the composition ratio and cross-linking degree. It has been demonstrated in tests in vitro that the hydrogel coating significantly reduces the adhesion of proteins, MC3T3-E1 cells, platelets, and bacteria by 85% and minimizes the formation of blood clots. The hydrogel coating also exhibits excellent antimicrobial in vitro and antiinflammatory properties in vivo, indicating its potential value in vascular intervention and other biomedical fields.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Anticoagulantes , Bivalves , Poliésteres , Stents , Animais , Bivalves/química , Camundongos , Poliésteres/química , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Stents/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/química , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Gelatina/química , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/análogos & derivados , Quitosana/farmacologia , Alginatos/química , Alginatos/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Taninos/química , Taninos/farmacologia , Humanos , Metacrilatos
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 668: 282-292, 2024 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678884

RESUMO

Metal-phenolic networks (MPNs) have emerged as a versatile and multifunctional platform applied in bioimaging, disease treatment, electrocatalysis, and water purification. The synthesis of MPNs with mesoporous frameworks and ultra-small diameters (<200 nm), crucial for post-modification, cargo loading, and mass transport, remains a formidable challenge. Inspired by mussel chemistry, mesoporous metal-phenolic nanospheres (MMPNs) are facilely prepared by direct deposition of the metal-polyphenol complex on the interface of oil nano-droplets composed of block copolymers/1,3,5-trimethylbenzene followed by a spontaneous template-removal process. Due to the penetrable and stable networks, the oil nano-droplets gradually leak from the networks driven by shear stress during the stirring process. As a result, MMPNs are obtained without additional template removal procedures such as solvent extraction or high-temperature calcination. The materials have a large pore size (∼12.1 nm), uniform spherical morphology with a small particle size (∼99 nm), and a large specific surface area (49.8 m2 g-1). Due to the abundant phenolic hydroxyl groups, the MMPNs show excellent antioxidative property. The MMPNs also have excellent photothermal property, whose photothermal conversion efficiency was 40.9 %. Moreover, the phenolic hydroxyl groups can reduce Ag+ in situ to prepare Ag nanoparticles loaded MMPNs composites, which have excellent inhibition performance of drug-resistant bacteria biofilm.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Antioxidantes , Nanosferas , Tamanho da Partícula , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Nanosferas/química , Porosidade , Animais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Bivalves/química , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 202: 116323, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598927

RESUMO

Human influence in the deep-sea is increasing as mining and drilling operations expand, and waters warm because of climate change. Here, we investigate how the long-lived deep-sea bivalve, Acesta excavata responds to sediment pollution and/or acute elevated temperatures. A. excavata were exposed to suspended sediment, acute warming, and a combination of the two treatments for 40 days. We measured O2 consumption, NH4+ release, Total Organic Carbon (TOC), and lysosomal membrane stability (LMS). We found suspended sediment and warming interacted to decrease O:N ratios, while sediment as a single stressor increased the release of TOC and warming increased NH4+ release in A. excavata. Warming also increased levels of LMS. We found A. excavata used protein catabolism to meet elevated energetic demands indicating a low tolerance to stress. A. excavata has limited capacity for physiological responses to the stressors of warming and sediment which may lead to decreased fitness of A. excavata.


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos , Animais , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Mudança Climática , Bivalves/fisiologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Carbono/análise
8.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 202: 116367, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621353

RESUMO

This study reports, for the first time, the baseline levels for fifteen trace metals in M. galloprovincialis tissue from around the Mediterranean, Marmara and Black Seas. The environmental quality in the surrounding seawater was assessed i.e., a mussel farm was investigated by using CF and DC indices, and the water quality was qualified as good for the aquacultural activities. A strong Cu-regulation in the transplanted mussels was observed and it ranged between 3.20 and 3.60 µg/g d.w. The highest bioavailability and bioconcentration of the particulate Fe fraction could present a health risk to consumers with a low risk level (1 < THQ < 9.9). Cr is considered the limiting metal for mussel consumption (< 2 kg/day). The metal contamination gradient was assessed using TEPI and TESVI indices that identified seven reference stations on the large scale and revealed that Cd is the most investigated metal in the literature databases, and found that Pb was the most bioavailable contaminant in the areas examined.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Mar Mediterrâneo , Metais/análise , Mar Negro , Bivalves , Mytilus , Água do Mar/química , Metais Pesados/análise
9.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 202: 116366, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621355

RESUMO

Ocean acidification has become increasingly severe in coastal areas. It poses emerging threats to coastal organisms and influences ecological functioning. Donax faba, a dominant clam in the intertidal zone of the Bay of Bengal, plays an important role in the coastal food web. This clam has been widely consumed by the local communities and also acts as a staple diet for shorebirds and crustaceans. In this paper, we investigated how acidified conditions will influence the physiology, biochemical constituents, and energetics of Donax faba. Upon incubation for 2 months in lowered pH 7.7 ± 0.05 and control 8.1 ± 0.05 conditions, we found a delayed growth in the acidified conditions followed by decrease in calcium ions in the clam shell. Although not significant, we found the digestive enzymes showed a downward trend. Total antioxidant was significantly increased in the acidified condition compared to the control. Though not significant, the expression level of MDA and antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT, GST, GPX, and APX) showed increasing trend in acidified samples. Among nutrients such as amino acids and fatty acids, there was no significant difference between treatments, however, showed a downward trend in the acidified conditions compared to control. Among the minerals, iron and zinc showed significant increase in the acidified conditions. The above results suggest that the clam growth, and physiological energetics may have deleterious effects if exposed for longer durations at lowered pH condition thereby affecting the organisms involved in the coastal food web.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Cadeia Alimentar , Água do Mar , Animais , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Água do Mar/química , Bivalves/fisiologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Oceanos e Mares , Acidificação dos Oceanos
10.
J Appl Microbiol ; 135(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609347

RESUMO

AIMS: This study investigated phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance profiles of Vibrio strains identified from Mytilus galloprovincialis farmed for human consumption in the Adriatic Sea Central Italy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 475 mussels (M. galloprovincialis) were involved in the present study, and culture-dependent microbiological methods permitted to identify a total of 50 Vibrio strains that were tested for antibiotic susceptibility followed by the genetic determinant detections. Antibiograms showed resistance against ampicillin (36.0%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (30.0%), gentamycin (14.0%), and imipenem (18.0%). Biomolecular assays amplified a total of 264 antibiotic resistance genes harbored by both susceptible and resistant Vibrio species. Among resistance genes, aacC2 (62.0%) and aadA (58.0%) for aminoglycosides, blaTEM (54.0%) for beta-lactams, qnrS (24.0%) for quinolones, tetD (66.0%) for tetracyclines, and vanB (60.0%) for glycopeptides were mainly amplified by PCR assays. CONCLUSIONS: Vibrio genus is involved in the antibiotic resistance phenomenon diffusion in the aquatic environments, as demonstrated by the harboring of many genetic determinants representing a kind of genetic "dark world".


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Vibrio , Animais , Itália , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Humanos , Mytilus/microbiologia , Bivalves/microbiologia , Aquicultura
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9369, 2024 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38653774

RESUMO

Human pharmaceuticals represent a major challenge in natural environment. A better knowledge on their mechanisms of action and adverse effects on cellular pathways is fundamental to predict long-term consequences for marine wildlife. The FTIRI Imaging (FTIRI) spectroscopy represents a vibrational technique allowing to map specific areas of non-homogeneous biological samples, providing a unique biochemical and ultrastructural fingerprint of the tissue. In this study, FTIRI technique has been applied, for the first time, to characterize (i) the chemical building blocks of digestive glands of Mytilus galloprovincialis, (ii) alterations and (iii) resilience of macromolecular composition, after a 14-days exposure to 0.5 µg/L of carbamazepine (CBZ), valsartan (VAL) and their mixture, followed by a 14-days recovery period. Spectral features of mussels digestive glands provided insights on composition and topographical distribution of main groups of biological macromolecules, such as proteins, lipids, and glycosylated compounds. Pharmaceuticals caused an increase in the total amount of protein and a significant decrease of lipids levels. Changes in macromolecular features reflected the modulation of specific molecular and biochemical pathways thus supporting our knowledge on mechanisms of action of such emerging pollutants. Overall, the applied approach could represent an added value within integrated strategies for the effects-based evaluation of environmental contaminants.


Assuntos
Sistema Digestório , Mytilus , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Mytilus/efeitos dos fármacos , Mytilus/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Sistema Digestório/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Carbamazepina/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Bivalves/efeitos dos fármacos , Bivalves/química
12.
PeerJ ; 12: e17230, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638159

RESUMO

Pectocaris species are intermediate- to large-sized Cambrian bivalved arthropods. Previous studies have documented Pectocaris exclusively from the Cambrian Series 2 Stage 3 Chengjiang biota in Yu'anshan Formation, Chiungchussu Stage in SW China. In this study, we report Pectocaris paraspatiosa sp. nov., and three other previously known Pectocaris from the Xiazhuang section in Kunming, which belongs to the Hongjingshao Formation and is a later phase within Cambrian Stage 3 than the Yu'anshan Formation. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners by the sparsely arranged endopodal endites and the morphologies of the abdomen, telson, and telson processes. We interpret P. paraspatiosa sp. nov. as a filter-feeder and a powerful swimmer adapted to shallow, agitated environments. Comparison among the Pectocaris species reinforces previous views that niche differentiation had been established among the congeneric species based on morphological differentiation. Our study shows the comprehensive occurrences of Pectocaris species outside the Chengjiang biota for the first time. With a review of the shared fossil taxa of Chengjiang and Xiaoshiba biotas, we identify a strong biological connection between the Yu'anshan and Hongjingshao Formations.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Bivalves , Animais , Artrópodes/anatomia & histologia , Fósseis , China , Biota
13.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 400, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643186

RESUMO

Widespread persistent contaminants are a global environmental problem. In the Baltic Sea, wildlife contamination was first noticed in the 1960s, prompting the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to establish a comprehensive Swedish National Monitoring Programme for Contaminants in Marine Biota (MCoM) in 1978 run by the Swedish Museum of Natural History. Eight species have been analysed, four fish species (Atlantic herring, Atlantic cod, European perch, viviparous eelpout), one bivalve species (blue mussel), and egg from three bird species (common guillemot, common tern, Eurasian oystercatcher). Here, we present a dataset containing MCoM data from its start until 2021. It includes 36 sets of time-series, each analysed for more than 100 contaminants. The longest time-series is for common guillemot and starts in 1968. We describe the structure of MCoM including historic changes to the number of stations, sample treatment, analytical methods, instruments, and laboratories. The MCoM data is available at the Bolin Centre repository and on GitHub through our R package mcomDb. The latter will be updated yearly with new MCoM records.


Assuntos
Aves , Bivalves , Poluentes Ambientais , Peixes , Óvulo , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Ambientais/análise
14.
Food Res Int ; 185: 114263, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658068

RESUMO

Investigating technologies to control the allergenicity of seafood is particularly important to safeguard consumer health, but there is currently a dearth of research focused on reducing the allergenicity of clam meat. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high temperature-pressure (HTP) processing times (121 °C, 0.14 MPa; 5, 10, 15, 20 min) on the sensory quality, nutrition, and allergenicity of ready-to-eat clam meat. With the extension of HTP time, the hardness of clam meat gradually decreased, the chewiness decreased initially and then increased, and the meat became tender. HTP processing endowed clam meat with abundant esters and aldehydes. Among all the processing groups, the umami and saltiness were better at 15 min, correlating with the highest overall acceptability. Ready-to-eat clam meat contained high-protein nutritional value. Compared with raw clam meat, the tropomyosin allergenicity of clam meat treated with HTP for 15 and 20 min was significantly reduced by 51.9 % and 56.5 %, respectively (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between these two groups. Appropriate HTP processing time might be an efficient condition to reduce the tropomyosin allergenicity of ready-to-eat clam meat and improve its quality, particularly for the time of 15 min. The results of this study could provide a reliable theoretical basis for the development of hypoallergenic clam foods.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Manipulação de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo , Bivalves/imunologia , Animais , Humanos , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Tropomiosina/imunologia , Alérgenos/análise , Alérgenos/imunologia , Pressão , Paladar , Alimentos Marinhos , Frutos do Mar , Temperatura Alta , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto , Masculino , Fast Foods , Feminino
15.
Microb Pathog ; 190: 106641, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588925

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the impact of incorporating kefir into the diet on biometric parameters, as well as the immune and antioxidant responses of the carpet shell clam (Ruditapes decussatus) after an experimental infection by Vibrio alginolyticus. Clams were divided into a control group and a treated group. The control group was fed on spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) alone. While, the treated group was fed on spirulina supplemented with 10% dried kefir. After 21 days, clams were immersed in a suspension of V. alginolyticus 5 × 105 CFU mL -1 for 30 min. Seven days after experimental infection, survival was 100% in both groups. The obtained results showed a slight increase in weight and condition index in clams fed with kefir-supplemented diet for 21 days compared to control clams. Regarding antioxidant responses, the treated group showed higher superoxide dismutase activity compared to the control group. However, the malondialdehyde level was lower in the treated clams than in the control. In terms of immune parameters, the treated group showed slightly elevated activities of phenoloxidase, lysozyme and alkaline phosphatase, whereas a decreased lectin activity was observed compared to the control group. The obtained results suggest that kefir enhanced both the antioxidant and immune response of infected clams.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Antioxidantes , Bivalves , Kefir , Probióticos , Superóxido Dismutase , Vibrio alginolyticus , Animais , Probióticos/farmacologia , Bivalves/química , Bivalves/microbiologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Kefir/microbiologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Spirulina/química , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/análise , Ração Animal , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Muramidase/metabolismo , Vibrioses/prevenção & controle
16.
Cell Genom ; 4(4): 100539, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604127

RESUMO

Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) are now showing promising predictive performance on a wide variety of complex traits and diseases, but there exists a substantial performance gap across populations. We propose MUSSEL, a method for ancestry-specific polygenic prediction that borrows information in summary statistics from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) across multiple ancestry groups via Bayesian hierarchical modeling and ensemble learning. In our simulation studies and data analyses across four distinct studies, totaling 5.7 million participants with a substantial ancestral diversity, MUSSEL shows promising performance compared to alternatives. For example, MUSSEL has an average gain in prediction R2 across 11 continuous traits of 40.2% and 49.3% compared to PRS-CSx and CT-SLEB, respectively, in the African ancestry population. The best-performing method, however, varies by GWAS sample size, target ancestry, trait architecture, and linkage disequilibrium reference samples; thus, ultimately a combination of methods may be needed to generate the most robust PRSs across diverse populations.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Herança Multifatorial , Humanos , Animais , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Teorema de Bayes , Fenótipo , Estratificação de Risco Genético
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172151, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575010

RESUMO

Legacy disposal of oil and gas produced water (OGPW) to surface water has led to radium contamination in streambed sediment creating a long-term radium source. Increased radium activities pose a potential health hazard to benthic organisms, such as freshwater mussels, as radium is capable of bioaccumulation. This project quantifies the impact of OGPW disposal on adult freshwater mussels, Eurynia dilatata, which were examined along the Allegheny River adjacent to a centralized waste treatment facility (CWT) that historically treated and then discharged OGPW. Radium isotopes (226Ra and 228Ra) were measured in streambed sediment, mussel soft tissue, and mussel hard shell collected upstream, at the outfall, 0.5 km downstream, and 5 km downstream of the CWT. Total radium activity was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in mussel tissue (mean = 3.44 ± 0.95 pCi/g), sediment (mean = 1.45 ± 0.19 pCi/g), and hard shell (mean = 0.34 ± 0.11 pCi/g) samples 0.5 km downstream than background samples collected upstream (mean = 1.27 ± 0.24; 0.91 ± 0.09; 0.10 ± 0.02 pCi/g respectively). Mussel shells displayed increased 226Ra activities up to 5 km downstream of the original discharge. Downstream soft tissue and hard shell 87Sr/86Sr ratios, as well as hard shell metal/calcium (e.g., Na/Ca; K/Ca; Mg/Ca) and 228Ra/226Ra ratios demonstrated trends towards values characteristic of Marcellus OGPW. Combined, this study demonstrates multiple lines of evidence for radium retention and bioaccumulation in freshwater mussels resulting from exposure to Marcellus OGPW.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Rádio (Elemento) , Poluentes Radioativos da Água , Animais , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise , Bivalves/metabolismo , Rádio (Elemento)/análise , Monitoramento de Radiação , Água Doce , Sedimentos Geológicos/química
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172010, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575020

RESUMO

Climate change and human activity are essential factors affecting marine biodiversity and aquaculture, and understanding the impacts of human activities on the genetic structure to increasing high temperatures is crucial for sustainable aquaculture and marine biodiversity conservation. As a commercially important bivalve, the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum is widely distributed along the coast of China, and it has been frequently introduced from Fujian Province, China, to other regions for aquaculture. In this study, we collected four populations of Manila clams from different areas to evaluate their thermal tolerance by measuring cardiac performance and genetic variations using whole-genome resequencing. The upper thermal limits of the clams showed high variations within and among populations. Different populations displayed divergent genetic compositions, and the admixed population was partly derived from the Zhangzhou population in Fujian Province, implying a complex genomic landscape under the influence of local genetic sources and human introductions. Multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with the cardiac functional traits, and some of these SNPs can affect the codon usage and the structural stability of the resulting protein. This study shed light on the importance of establishing long-term ecological and genetic monitoring programs at the local level to enhance resilience to future climate change.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Bivalves , Animais , China , Bivalves/genética , Bivalves/fisiologia , Mudança Climática , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética
19.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(5): 452, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613696

RESUMO

The Metropolitan Area of Lima-Callao (MALC) is a South American megacity that has suffered a serious deterioration in air quality due to high levels of particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10). Studies on the behavior of the PM2.5/PM10 ratio and its temporal variability in relation to meteorological parameters are still very limited. The objective of this study was to analyze the temporal trends of the PM2.5/PM10 ratio, its temporal variability, and its association with meteorological variables over a period of 5 years (2015-2019). For this, the Theil-Sen estimator, bivariate polar plots, and correlation analysis were used. The regions of highest mean concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 were identified at eastern Lima (ATE station-41.2 µg/m3) and southern Lima (VMT station-126.7 µg/m3), respectively. The lowest concentrations were recorded in downtown Lima (CDM station-16.8 µg/m3 and 34.0 µg/m3, respectively). The highest average PM2.5/PM10 ratio was found at the CDM station (0.55) and the lowest at the VMT station (0.27), indicating a predominance of emissions from the vehicular fleet within central Lima and a greater emission of coarse particles by resuspension in southern Lima. The temporal progression of the ratio of PM2.5/PM10 showed positive and highly significant trends in northern and central Lima with values of 0.03 and 0.1 units of PM2.5/PM10 per year, respectively. In the southern region of Lima, the trend was also significant, showcasing a value of 0.02 units of PM2.5/PM10 per year. At the hourly and monthly level, the PM2.5/PM10 ratio presented a negative and significant correlation with wind speed and air temperature, and a positive and significant correlation with relative humidity. These findings offer insights into identifying the sources of PM pollution and are useful for implementing regulations to reduce air emissions considering both anthropogenic sources and meteorological dispersion patterns.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Monitoramento Ambiental , Animais , Peru , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Material Particulado
20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6519-6531, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578272

RESUMO

Paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) are widely distributed neurotoxins, and the PST metabolic detoxification mechanism in bivalves has received increasing attention. To reveal the effect of phase I (cytochrome P450)-II (GST)-III (ABC transport) metabolic systems on the PST metabolism in Azumapecten farreri, this study amplified stress on the target systems using rifampicin, dl-α-tocopherol, and colchicine; measured PST levels; and conducted transcriptomic analyses. The highest toxin content reached 1623.48 µg STX eq/kg in the hepatopancreas and only 8.8% of that in the gills. Inducer intervention significantly decreased hepatopancreatic PST accumulation. The proportional reductions in the rifampicin-, dl-α-tocopherol-, and colchicine-induced groups were 55.3%, 50.4%, and 36.1%, respectively. Transcriptome analysis showed that 11 modules were significantly correlated with PST metabolism (six positive/five negative), with phase I CYP450 and phase II glutathione metabolism significantly enriched in negatively correlated pathways. Twenty-three phase I-II-III core genes were further validated using qRT-PCR and correlated with PST metabolism, revealing that CYP46A1, CYP4F6, GSTM1, and ABCF2 were significantly correlated, while CYP4F11 and ABCB1 were indirectly correlated. In conclusion, phase I-II-III detoxification enzyme systems jointly participate in the metabolic detoxification of PSTs in A. farreri. This study provides key data support to profoundly elucidate the PST metabolic detoxification mechanism in bivalves.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Dinoflagellida , Animais , Rifampina/metabolismo , alfa-Tocoferol/metabolismo , Frutos do Mar/análise , Colchicina/metabolismo , Dinoflagellida/metabolismo
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