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1.
Recenti Prog Med ; 113(9): 570-571, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939849

Assuntos
Livros , Humanos
2.
Arthroscopy ; 38(8): 2361-2364, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940733

RESUMO

In the 21st century, physician adherence to the Hippocratic Oath "to treat the ill to the best of one's ability" may require improving our entire health care system. As a result of a wide range of problems, including but not limited to overtreatment, overdiagnosis, inattention to warmth and sympathy, and medicalizing normal, as well failure to attend to prevention, treating the problem, and recognizing what is not known, efficient care delivery and best outcomes may be compromised. A recent book, cleverly titled Hippocrasy: How Doctors Are Betraying Their Oath, courageously calls out evidence of hypocrisy in the health care status quo and, most importantly, includes proposals suggesting how health care might be improved. While the book would benefit from more balance and less bias, improving patient outcomes is a worthwhile goal that readers of Arthroscopy inevitably share.


Assuntos
Medicalização , Sobretratamento , Livros , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Sobrediagnóstico
3.
Science ; 377(6606): 583, 2022 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926018

RESUMO

Structural factors exacerbate the impact of viruses.


Assuntos
Livros , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(7): 794-8, 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793890

RESUMO

In reference with the systematic review of the thought of deqi (arrival of qi) put forward in Huangdi Neijing (Internal Classic of Yellow Emperor) and other classic books of traditional Chinese medicine, in view of detecting qi and identifying qi before treatment, as well as the prerequisites of deqi in tuina, meaning the accurate syndrome differentiation and manipulations, the importance of deqi in treatment with tuina is expounded. In association with clinical experience, the specific manifestations of deqi in patients during tuina are summarized, e.g. soreness, distention, pain, numbness, warm feeling and slight sweating, local changes in intestinal sound and skin color, as well as mind regulation. It is anticipated that deqi of tuina may be drawn the attention in clinical practice, and the relevant study be expanded.


Assuntos
Livros , Qi , Emoções , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Dor
5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(28): e2121798119, 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35787033

RESUMO

Using word embeddings from 850 billion words in English-language Google Books, we provide an extensive analysis of historical change and stability in social group representations (stereotypes) across a long timeframe (from 1800 to 1999), for a large number of social group targets (Black, White, Asian, Irish, Hispanic, Native American, Man, Woman, Old, Young, Fat, Thin, Rich, Poor), and their emergent, bottom-up associations with 14,000 words and a subset of 600 traits. The results provide a nuanced picture of change and persistence in stereotypes across 200 y. Change was observed in the top-associated words and traits: Whether analyzing the top 10 or 50 associates, at least 50% of top associates changed across successive decades. Despite this changing content of top-associated words, the average valence (positivity/negativity) of these top stereotypes was generally persistent. Ultimately, through advances in the availability of historical word embeddings, this study offers a comprehensive characterization of both change and persistence in social group representations as revealed through books of the English-speaking world from 1800 to 1999.


Assuntos
Livros , Ferramenta de Busca , Feminino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Grupos Populacionais/história , Estereotipagem
6.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1314362, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795737

RESUMO

Book binding is the procedure of manually accumulating a book in codex format from a well-ordered pile of paper sheets, which are folded together into sections or occasionally left as a stack of individual sheets. The books undergo binding into different shapes and sizes. Numerous kinds of book bindings are available, each of which comes with its own merits and demerits. Some of them are highly durable, some of them are light-weight, and some of them are attractive. Therefore, it is needed to effectively identify and classify the shape and type of book bindings. With this motivation, this paper develops a butterfly optimization algorithm with a deep learning-enabled book binding classification (BOADL-BBC) model. The major intention of the BOADL-BBC technique is to identify and categorise three different types of book bindings from the input images, namely, hard binding, soft binding, and long-stitch binding. The proposed BOADL-BBC technique initially employs a DL-based Inception v3 model to derive useful feature vectors from the images. For effective classification of book bindings, the BOA with wavelet kernel extreme learning machine (WKELM) model can be applied. The weight and bias values involved in the WKELM model can be effectively adjusted by the use of BOA for book binding classification shows the novelty of the work. To ensure the enhanced performance of the BOADL-BBC technique, a series of simulations were carried out using a set of images that people collected on their own. The experimental results stated that the BOADL-BBC technique has obtained a maximum book binding classification accuracy of 95.56%.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Algoritmos , Livros , Humanos , Intenção , Motivação
7.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(3): 131-139, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775265

RESUMO

Ben Cao Tu Jing had 38 materia medica illustrations related to the regional names in Zhejiang province. It was found that 30 of them were identified as being named after regional names in Zhejiang province, involving 20 families and 29 genera. One of the 38 materia medica illustrations was mineral medicine and seven of them were unverified. The twenty-five of these materia medica illustrations with regional names were found to be consistent with their names used today. Five of them came from similar names in Zhejiang province in the Northern Song Dynasty, another five of the 25 names were known with the names but not entity for the lack of full descriptions and drawings. It was found that the drawing and the text of "Ming Zhou Huang Yao" and "Qin Zhou Hong Yao" in Ben Cao Tu Jing were reversed. By comparing the materia medica illustrations related to regional names in Da Guan Ben Cao by Liu Jia and Zheng He Ben Cao by Zhang Huicun, the name and the illustration of "Jin Zhou Bei Mu" in Zheng He Ben Cao by Zhang Huicun was more believable than "Yue Zhou Bei Mu" in Da Guan Ben Cao by Liu Jia. "Tai Zhou Wu Yao" and "Zhe Ba Wei", as genuine medicinal materials in Zhejiang, can be traced back to the illustrations of "Tai Zhou Wu Yao", "Yue Zhou Bai Zhu", "Mu Zhou Mai Dong", "Wen Zhou Peng 'e Shu", "Yue Zhou Bei Mu" and "Tian Tai Wu Yao" in Ben Cao Tu Jing. These findings provided text and drawing literature of herbs in the Song Dynasty for the research of genuine medicinal materials and their characteristics in Zhejiang province. They also showed that the utilization and development of the resources of traditional Chinese medicine in Zhejiang in the Northern Song Dynasty mainly focused on the coastal areas.


Assuntos
Materia Medica , Livros , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
8.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(3): 157-161, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775269

RESUMO

This paper reports on review of the conceptual cognition and definition of chronic rhinitis in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Diseases with nasal congestion as the main symptom were recorded in The Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic (Huang Di Nei Jing) and Medical Bamboo slips of Wu Wei(Wu Wei Yi Jian), but these diseases had not been given names at that point in time. Chronic rhinitis and acute rhinitis had not been distinguished clearly. Some symptoms, in ancient Chinese medical books, indicated some possibility as those of chronic rhinitis, such as "bi weng"(), "stuffy nose"(), "anosmia" (), "nasal obstruction"(), "stuffy nose with anosmia"() and " poor nasal passages" ().In the first half of the last century, "biyuan"(), "biweng" () and "stuffy nose"() were classified at the symptoms of chronic rhinitis with the same names in traditional Chinese medicine. "Biyuan" was widely used at that time, but was gradually eliminated for the lack of semantic meaning. In the 1970s, "nasal obstruction" was proposed by many textbooks as the name of TCM for chronic rhinitis. In 1980, "nasal obstruction disease"() was finally specified as the formal name by Otorhinolaryngology of TCM (the 4th edition), the national unified textbook. This term has been widely accepted in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, driven by the united textbooks and clinical guidelines, while it is still insufficient in the perspective of meaning and science. The process of normalisation of "nasal obstruction disease" shows that the name of chronic rhinitis in ancient Chinese medicine is not equivalent to its term in modern medicine. It also suggests that the comparison of disease names between traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine must be fully investigated. It is necessary to understand the differences between ancient and modern connotations of terminology when reading and using ancient Chinese medicine literature.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Rinite , Livros/história , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/história , Rinite/diagnóstico
9.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(3): 168-172, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35775271

RESUMO

"Hai Shang Xin De Shen Fang" is an ancient medical book written in Chinese by Li Youzhuo, a famous doctor in the Post Li Dynasty in Vietnam. The book was deeply influenced by "Feng Shi Jin Nang Mi Lu", a representative book of the Warming School (Wen Bu) written by Feng Zhaozhang in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. By comparing and examining the two books, it was found that forty-five out of the sixty-six prescriptions in "Hai Shang Xin De Shen Fang" came from or were simply copied from "Feng Shi Jin Nang Mi Lu", or were extracted from the medical cases from "Feng Shi Jin Nang Mi Lu", or were changed the name but kept the ingredients the same. The other twenty-one prescriptions followed the examples of "Feng Shi Jin Nang Mi Lu" and presented new prescriptions. It can be seen that "Hai Shang Xin De Shen Fang" reflects the extension spread, and development of the academic thinking of the Warming School (Wen Bu) in the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Vietnam and demonstrated the Chinese cultural origin of Vietnamese traditional medicine.


Assuntos
Livros , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Asiáticos , China , Humanos , Vietnã
11.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0269197, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830379

RESUMO

In science, certain theories led to a paradigm shift in human being's approach to explain nature, such as the theory of relativity, the quantum theory, and the theory of evolution. The latter explains the emergence of biodiversity on Earth and all living beings' relatedness, including humans. Accordingly, evolutionary theory is a central part of scientific literacy. However, scholars have demonstrated that misconceptions emerging in childhood hinder learners from grasping evolutionary processes. Implementing evolution in early science education could enhance scientific ideas as a basis for subsequent learning at school. Currently, children's literature that deals with evolution is increasing and may enable more children to encounter evolutionary theory before entering school. This explorative study aimed to analyze how children's books about evolution approach explaining this complex topic to young children in terms of covered contents, underlying concepts and use of language. We conducted (1) a text-based qualitative content analysis of 31 children's books in the categories of organismal context, evolutionary principles, and misconceptions, and (2) a computer-supported content analysis of 33 word labels concerning (a) scientific terms and (b) verbs expressing evolutionary change. Although evolution is a universal concept, children's books seem to promote specific contexts such as animal and human evolution. Even though the principle of selection requires an understanding of complex interactions between individuals and environmental factors, this principle was more frequent than the principles variation and inheritance. Phylogenetic history was covered more often than basic evolutionary processes, and evolutionary change was mainly mentioned at the species level over long periods. Besides, most books conveyed misconceptions such as transformationist, teleological or anthropomorphic reasoning. Consequently, books covering evolution may bias children's first ideas concerning this topic or introduce unscientific ideas. Based on our results, we propose implications for early evolution educators and education researchers.


Assuntos
Livros , Hereditariedade , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Alfabetização , Filogenia
13.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 77-97, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848296

RESUMO

The importance of authorial intention has been debated extensively in literary studies. In cognitive literary studies, however, the effects books provoke in readers are of greater relevance. With an unreliable intradiegetic narrator, ambivalent about her denial of hunger, Wintergirls (2009), a US YA anorexia novel, embodies the spiraling network of lies that feeds this condition. This essay takes Wintergirls as a starting point to discuss the therapeutic or harmful effects of literature, over and above the intentions of the writer. Adopting a cognitive literary perspective, this essay proposes the concept of an "unreliable reader," and uses that concept to demonstrate that the novel has a self-triggering potential to reinforce anorexia. This is an unusual approach, inasmuch as it runs counter to previous positive literary criticism of Wintergirls, but it is a perspective in urgent need of reconsideration for the sake of disordered readers.


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Anorexia , Livros , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48885

RESUMO

Nesta área, estão disponíveis publicações da ACT e de outras organizações


Assuntos
Publicações Governamentais como Assunto , Livros
15.
Obes Surg ; 32(Suppl 1): 1-38, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35731460
16.
Dev World Bioeth ; 22(2): 65-66, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35649284

Assuntos
Livros , Pesar , Humanos
17.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 567-571, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673080

RESUMO

Book music is extensively used in street organs. It consists of thick cardboard, containing perforated holes specifying the musical notes. We propose to represent clinical time-dependent data in a tabular form inspired from this principle. The sheet represents a statistical individual, each row represents a binary time-dependent variable, and each hole denotes the "true" value. Data from electronic health records or nationwide medical-administrative databases can then be represented: demographics, patient flow, drugs, laboratory results, diagnoses, and procedures. This data representation is suitable for survival analysis (e.g., Cox model with repeated outcomes and changing covariates) and different types of temporal association rules. Quantitative continuous variables can be discretized, as in clinical studies. The "book music" approach could become an intermediary step in feature extraction from structured data. It would enable to better account for time in analyses, notably for historical cohort analyses based on healthcare data reuse.


Assuntos
Música , Livros , Bases de Dados Factuais , Atenção à Saúde , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos
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