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Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 73(2): 188-196, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569148

Livros , Humanos
Dimens Crit Care Nurs ; 43(3): 169-171, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564462

Livros , Humanos
JMIR Hum Factors ; 11: e46698, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598276


BACKGROUND: Improving shared decision-making (SDM) for patients has become a health policy priority in many countries. Achieving high-quality SDM is particularly important for approximately 313 million surgical treatment decisions patients make globally every year. Large-scale monitoring of surgical patients' experience of SDM in real time is needed to identify the failings of SDM before surgery is performed. We developed a novel approach to automating real-time data collection using an electronic measurement system to address this. Examining usability will facilitate its optimization and wider implementation to inform interventions aimed at improving SDM. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the usability of an electronic real-time measurement system to monitor surgical patients' experience of SDM. We aimed to evaluate the metrics and indicators relevant to system effectiveness, system efficiency, and user satisfaction. METHODS: We performed a mixed methods usability evaluation using multiple participant cohorts. The measurement system was implemented in a large UK hospital to measure patients' experience of SDM electronically before surgery using 2 validated measures (CollaboRATE and SDM-Q-9). Quantitative data (collected between April 1 and December 31, 2021) provided measurement system metrics to assess system effectiveness and efficiency. We included adult patients booked for urgent and elective surgery across 7 specialties and excluded patients without the capacity to consent for medical procedures, those without access to an internet-enabled device, and those undergoing emergency or endoscopic procedures. Additional groups of service users (group 1: public members who had not engaged with the system; group 2: a subset of patients who completed the measurement system) completed user-testing sessions and semistructured interviews to assess system effectiveness and user satisfaction. We conducted quantitative data analysis using descriptive statistics and calculated the task completion rate and survey response rate (system effectiveness) as well as the task completion time, task efficiency, and relative efficiency (system efficiency). Qualitative thematic analysis identified indicators of and barriers to good usability (user satisfaction). RESULTS: A total of 2254 completed surveys were returned to the measurement system. A total of 25 service users (group 1: n=9; group 2: n=16) participated in user-testing sessions and interviews. The task completion rate was high (169/171, 98.8%) and the survey response rate was good (2254/5794, 38.9%). The median task completion time was 3 (IQR 2-13) minutes, suggesting good system efficiency and effectiveness. The qualitative findings emphasized good user satisfaction. The identified themes suggested that the measurement system is acceptable, easy to use, and easy to access. Service users identified potential barriers and solutions to acceptability and ease of access. CONCLUSIONS: A mixed methods evaluation of an electronic measurement system for automated, real-time monitoring of patients' experience of SDM showed that usability among patients was high. Future pilot work will optimize the system for wider implementation to ultimately inform intervention development to improve SDM. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): RR2-10.1136/bmjopen-2023-079155.

Benchmarking , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adulto , Humanos , Livros , Política de Saúde , Internet
Nurs Womens Health ; 28(2): 89-92, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432649


Editors, reviewers, and readers of practice journals must recognize that diverse publishing practices contribute to a more inclusive nursing community and give voice to various perspectives.

Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Humanos , Editoração , Livros
Neurol India ; 72(1): 237-238, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443060

Livros , Humanos
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 151, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491370


Innovation is the process of renewing and updating a domain, a product, or a service by introducing new methods, introducing new techniques, or generating effective concepts to produce new value. Considering universal as well as local books, a teacher may find some sections that need modifications and supportive sections. These changes may have an impact on language learners' emotional and/or cognitive development. The purpose of this research was to shed light on the use of creative activities and their consequences on academic enjoyment, academic resilience, and academic performance. To that purpose, two groups of EFL (English as a foreign language) learners from Saudi Arabia (public schools) participated in this research and were requested to take pre-and post-tests to assess their level of academic engagement, academic resilience, and academic performance in language skills. According to the data analysis via the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA), the experimental group outperformed their counterparts in the control group in terms of academic enjoyment, resilience, and academic performance due to considered modifications in the applied academic books. The study's pedagogical ramifications are highlighted in the conclusion.

Sucesso Acadêmico , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Prazer , Estudantes , Livros
Br Dent J ; 236(5): 409, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459323

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 54(1): 3-9, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475679


"Wu shan qi e"(five symptoms with good prognosis and seven with poor prognosis)is a theory used to determine the prognosis of external diseases in traditional Chinese medicine which have been mentioned in many ancient Chinese medicine books and have been valued by external doctors throughout history. However, it has been rarely discussed in modern literature. The theory were first seen in the Taiping Shenghui Fang, and the idea was originated from Ni Shun in Lingshu Yuban."Wu shan qi e"have evolved into many variants through the exertion of medical practitioners throughout history. By reviewing medical books of previous dynasties, it was found that there are two main versions: the Taiping Shenghui Fang version and its derivative versions, and the Waike Zhengzong version and its derivative versions.

Médicos , Qi , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Livros , China
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 54(1): 17-22, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475681


Li Shouxian, styled as Shanshu, was a medical doctor in the Qing Dynasty. His work Zhenjiu Yixue (Easy Study of Acupuncture and Moxibustion) has numerous versions, with the most refined one being the self-engraved edition from the third year of Jiaqing's reign, housed in the Jilin Province Library. While most content of the book was drawn from Zhenjiu Dacheng (Great Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion), Li's condensation and arrangement of the material achieved the purpose of making it simple and easy to learn. The book has been widely spread and holds certain academic and historical value. This paper makes a textual research on Li's life, family, and his works, clarifies the content, structure and origin of the version of Zhenjiu Yixue and corrects errors in the version records of this book in the General Catalogue of Chinese Ancient Medical Books.

Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Bibliotecas , Moxibustão , Livros , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 54(1): 45-50, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475685


Zhongguo Yixue Dacidian(The Dictionary of Chinese Medicine,«¼) is the first comprehensive dictionary of traditional Chinese medicine in China. The dictionary, edited by Xie Guan()and compiled for several years by the teachers and students of Shanghai Special School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, was first published by The Commercial Press in 1921. In 1919, Lu Simian() joined The Commercial Press to assist Xie Guan who is his old friend in compiling the contents on medical books for the dictionary . In the same year, Lu Simian wrote a book called YiJi ZhiJin(«¼). Recently, some scholars believe that Xie Guan disassembled YiJi ZhiJin and compiled it into Zhongguo Yixue Dacidian. Through a comparative study of these two, it can be seen that YiJi ZhiJin and Zhongguo Yixue Dacidian do use homologous materials in the interpretation of some medical books, but YiJi ZhiJin as a whole is not compiled into Zhongguo Yixue Dacidian, and the idea of there is a plagiarism relationship between them is incorrect.

Livros , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , China , Redação
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 54(1): 29-33, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475683


Modern Bai Jiu(liquor) was called Shao Jiu in ancient times.By consulting ancient books, it was found that there was a distillation and preparation process of Shao Jiu before the Ming Dynasty, but due to its high toxicity, the scope of application was limited, and there were few records of its medicinal use.However many records of its medicinal use was found in the Compendium of Materia Medica(«¼).By comparing the medical books that recorded Shao Jiu in previous dynasties, it is found that the Compendium of Materia Medica comprehensively records the relevant cognition and application of the medicinal use of Shao Jiu for the first time. The book lists in detail the causes of the toxicity of Shao Jiu and the methods to avoid it, comprehensively expounds its characteristics, efficacy and indications, lists a variety of ways to use it, skillfully uses Shao Jiu to treat syphilis sores, and proposes that high-concentration Shao Jiu can be used as a solvent for medical liquor.The record of Shao Jiu in the Compendium of Materia Medica had a profound impact on the medical liquor of later generations.The use of Shao Jiu in the Qing Dynasty continued to expand, and the types of medicinal liquor were also constantly enriched. The record of Shao Jiu in the Compendium of Materia Medica can also provide a reference for the medicinal use of modern liquor.

Materia Medica , Livros , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
J R Soc Med ; 117(2): 88-89, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478371
Br J Gen Pract ; 74(741): 179-180, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538122

Livros , Humanos
Br J Gen Pract ; 74(741): 180, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538118

Livros , Humanos
Australas J Ageing ; 43(1): 10, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533669
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0293196, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394097


In this research, we extract time-related expressions from a rabbinic text in a semi-automatic manner. These expressions usually appear next to rabbinic references (name / nickname / acronym / book-name). The first step toward our goal is to find all the expressions near references in the corpus. However, not all of the phrases around the references are time-related expressions. Therefore, these phrases are initially considered to be potential time-related expressions. To extract the time-related expressions, we formulate two new statistical functions, and we use screening and heuristic methods. We tested these statistical functions, grammatical screenings, and heuristic methods on a corpus containing responsa documents. In this corpus, many rabbinic citations are known and marked. The statistical functions and the screening methods filtered the potential time-related expressions and reduced 99.88% of the initial expressions (from 484,681 to 575).

Mineração de Dados , Heurística , Livros
J Exp Child Psychol ; 241: 105860, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306736


Little is known about the role of book features in infant word learning from picture books. We conducted a preregistered study to assess the role of touch-and-feel features in infants' ability to learn new words from picture books. A total of 48 infants (Mage = 16.75 months, SD = 1.85) were assigned to a touch-and-feel picture-book condition or a standard picture-book condition (no touch-and-feel features) and were taught a novel label for an unfamiliar animal by the researcher during a book-reading session. Infants were then tested on their ability to recognize the label (i.e., choose the target from a choice of two pictures on hearing it named) and to generalize this knowledge to other types of pictures and real-world objects (scale model animals and stuffed animals). Infants in the no touch-and-feel condition performed above chance when choosing the target picture, whereas infants in the touch-and-feel condition did not. Infants in both conditions failed to generalize this knowledge to other pictures and objects. This study extends our knowledge about the role of tactile features in infant word learning from picture books. Although manipulative features like touch-and-feel patches might be engaging for infants, they may detract from learning. Depending on the purpose of the activity, parents and practitioners might find it useful to consider such book features when selecting books to read with their infants.

Livros , Emoções , Lactente , Animais , Humanos , Aprendizagem Verbal , Leitura , Pais
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 982024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362821


This article reviews and comments on the epidemiological book written by the Spanish physician Benigno Risueño de Amador (1802-1849), initially published in French (1829), and its subsequent translation into Spanish (1831). This retrospective documentary case study of a scientific-medical manual reviews the contents of the book, highlighting its most important aspects. This almost 200-year-old book can be considered a valuable, early contribution to epidemiology, and a sign of the great concern in early 19th Europe about the subject of epidemics. It represents a valuable contribution that shows the enormous efforts made to advance in this medical discipline towards a more scientific position at an incipient microbial time.

En este artículo se revisa y comenta el libro de epidemiología escrito por el médico español Benigno Risueño de Amador (1802-1849), publicado inicialmente en francés (1829) y posteriormente traducido al español (1831). Este estudio documental retrospectivo de un manual científico-médico glosa el contenido del libro, destacando sus aspectos más importantes. El libro de casi doscientos años de antigüedad puede considerarse una valiosa y temprana contribución a la epidemiología, así como una muestra de la gran preocupación existente en la Europa de principios del siglo XIX por el tema de las epidemias. Representa además una valiosa contribución española, que muestra los esfuerzos realizados para avanzar en esta disciplina médica hacia una posición más científica en una época incipientemente microbiana.

Livros , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Europa (Continente)
JMIR Aging ; 7: e46522, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416543


BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the shift toward the digital provision of many public services, including health and social care, public administration, and financial and leisure services. COVID-19 services including test appointments, results, vaccination appointments and more were primarily delivered through digital channels to the public. Many social, cultural, and economic activities (appointments, ticket bookings, tax and utility payments, shopping, etc) have transitioned to web-based platforms. To use web-based public services, individuals must be digitally included. This is influenced by 3 main factors: access (whether individuals have access to the internet), ability (having the requisite skills and confidence to participate over the web), and affordability (ability to pay for infrastructure [equipment] and data packages). Many older adults, especially those aged >75 years, are still digitally excluded. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the views of adults aged >75 years on accessing public services digitally. METHODS: We conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with a variety of adults aged ≥75 years residing in Greater Manchester, United Kingdom. We also interviewed community support workers. Thematic analysis was used to identify the key themes from the data. RESULTS: Overall, 24 older adults (mean age 81, SD 4.54 y; 14/24, 58% female; 23/24, 96% White British; and 18/24, 75% digitally engaged to some extent) and 2 support workers participated. A total of five themes were identified as key in understanding issues around motivation, engagement, and participation: (1) "initial motivation to participate digitally"-for example, maintaining social connections and gaining skills to be able to connect with family and friends; (2) "narrow use and restricted activity on the web"-undertaking limited tasks on the web and in a modified manner, for example, limited use of web-based public services and selected use of specific services, such as checking but never transferring funds during web-based banking; (3) "impact of digital participation on well-being"-choosing to go to the shops or general practitioner's surgery to get out of the house and get some exercise; (4) "the last generation?"-respondents feeling that there were generational barriers to adapting to new technology and change; and (5) "making digital accessible"-understanding the support needed to keep those engaged on the web. CONCLUSIONS: As we transition toward greater digitalization of public services, it is crucial to incorporate the perspectives of older people. Failing to do so risks excluding them from accessing services they greatly rely on and need.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Livros , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Internet