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J Dermatolog Treat ; 35(1): 2337908, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616301


Background: Scalp-related symptoms such as dandruff and itching are common with diverse underlying etiologies. We previously proposed a novel classification and scoring system for scalp conditions, called the scalp photographic index (SPI); it grades five scalp features using trichoscopic images with good reliability. However, it requires trained evaluators.Aim: To develop artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms for assessment of scalp conditions and to assess the feasibility of AI-based recommendations on personalized scalp cosmetics.Methods: Using EfficientNet, convolutional neural network (CNN) models (SPI-AI) ofeach scalp feature were established. 101,027 magnified scalp images graded according to the SPI scoring were used for training, validation, and testing the model Adults with scalp discomfort were prescribed shampoos and scalp serums personalized according to their SPI-AI-defined scalp types. Using the SPI, the scalp conditions were evaluated at baseline and at weeks 4, 8, and 12 of treatment.Results: The accuracies of the SPI-AI for dryness, oiliness, erythema, folliculitis, and dandruff were 91.3%, 90.5%, 89.6%, 87.3%, and 95.2%, respectively. Overall, 100 individuals completed the 4-week study; 43 of these participated in an extension study until week 12. The total SPI score decreased from 32.70 ± 7.40 at baseline to 15.97 ± 4.68 at week 4 (p < 0.001). The efficacy was maintained throughout 12 weeks.Conclusions: SPI-AI accurately assessed the scalp condition. AI-based prescription of tailored scalp cosmetics could significantly improve scalp health.

Cosméticos , Caspa , Adulto , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Couro Cabeludo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cosméticos/uso terapêutico , Prescrições
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7780, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565924


Dandruff, a common scalp disorder characterized by flaking dead skin, is often treated with conventional topical products. However, limitations exist due to potential side effects and high costs. Therefore, searching for natural, cost-effective solutions for dandruff and hair loss is crucial. Rosemary herb and neem tree, both cultivated in Egypt, possess well-documented anti-inflammatory properties derived from their rich phenolic phytoconstituents. This study formulated a standardized combined extract of rosemary and neem (RN-E 2:1) into hair gel and leave-in tonic formats. This extract demonstrated superior efficacy against Malassezia furfur (a causative agent of dandruff) and Trichophyton rubrum (associated with scalp disorders) compared to the conventional antifungal agent, ketoconazole. The combined extract (RN-E 2:1) also exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity. Additionally, the suppression of iNOS expression is considered concentration-dependent. Quality control verified formulation stability, and ex-vivo studies confirmed effective ingredient penetration into the epidermis, the primary site of fungal presence. Remarkably, both formulations outperformed the standard treatment, minoxidil in hair growth trials. These findings highlight the potential of natural extracts for scalp and hair health.

Azadirachta , Caspa , Rosmarinus , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Caspa/microbiologia , Alopecia/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23(6): 2078-2083, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544350


OBJECTIVES: Malassezia species are common, clinically relevant, and lipid-dependent yeasts of humans. They are also the leading causes of the dandruff problem of humans, and the azoles are used primarily in their topical and systemic treatment. Resistance to azoles is an emerging problem among Malassezia sp., which indicates the need of new drug assessments that will be effective against dandruff and limit the use of azoles and other agents in treatment. Among them, the efficacy of various combinations of piroctone olamine and climbazole against Malassezia sp. is highly important. Here, we assessed the efficacies of various piroctone olamine and climbazole formulations against Malassezia sp. in comparison with ketoconazole. METHODS: A total of nine formulations were included in the study, where each formulation was prepared from different concentrations of piroctone olamine and climbazole and both. All formulations contained the same ingredients as water, surfactants, hair conditioning agents, and preservatives. Malassezia furfur CBS1878, Malassezia globosa CBS7874, and Malassezia sympodialis CBS9570 were tested for antifungal susceptibility of each formulation by agar diffusion method. Sizes of the inhibition zones were compared with standard medical shampoo containing 2% ketoconazole, and the data were analyzed by Dunnett's multiple-comparison test. RESULTS: For all Malassezia sp. strains, climbazole 0.5% and piroctone olamine/climbazole (0.1%/0.1% and 0.1%/0.5%) combinations were found to have the same effect as the medical shampoo containing 2% ketoconazole. Piroctone olamine/climbazole 1.0%/0.1% formulation showed the same efficacy as 2% ketoconazole on M. furfur and M. sympodialis, while 0.1%/0.5% formulation to only M. furfur. For M. globosa, none of the formulations tested were as effective as ketoconazole. CONCLUSION: The species distribution of Malassezia sp. varies depending on the anatomical location on the host. According to the results of this study, climbazole and piroctone olamine combinations seem to be promising options against the dandruff problem with their high antifungal/anti dandruff efficacy.

Antifúngicos , Caspa , Preparações para Cabelo , Cetoconazol , Malassezia , Malassezia/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparações para Cabelo/farmacologia , Humanos , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Caspa/microbiologia , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Cetoconazol/farmacologia , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Combinação de Medicamentos , Etanolaminas , Piridonas
Int J Pharm ; 653: 123886, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331330


Dandruff, or pityriasis capitis simplex, is a common scalp condition associated with excessive flaking and scaling of the epidermal tissue. Other features include irregular corneocyte turnover, irritation, itching and an impaired skin barrier function. Previously we reported the characterization of climbazole (CBZ), an antifungal agent used in the management of dandruff. Skin permeation of CBZ from neat solvents was also investigated. In the present work we evaluated CBZ permeation in human skin in vitro from more complex formulations that better represent products used by consumers. The various systems studied were composed of propylene glycol (PG), Transcutol®P (TC), octyl salicylate (OSal) and isopropyl alcohol (IPA). As well as measurement of skin uptake and penetration of CBZ, where possible, the skin retention and permeation of the various solvents was also determined. All vehicles promoted skin permeation of CBZ but no significant differences in amount permeated were evident between the binary vehicles (PG:TC, TC:OSal) and the ternary vehicle studied (PG:IPA:OSal). The binary vehicles generally promoted more skin uptake of CBZ compared with the neat solvents (PG, TC, OSal) studied previously. Permeation and skin extraction of CBZ from the PG:TC vehicles increased with increasing PG content; a similar trend was evident for the PG:IPA:OSal systems. New methods were developed and validated for measurement of PG, TC and OSal. Analysis of the individual solvents indicated that PG permeation was also independent of the amounts of other solvents in the binary or ternary systems. Consistent with previous findings higher proportions of TC permeated compared with PG for the PG:TC binary systems; TC also permeated the skin more rapidly than PG from these vehicles. For OSal, skin extraction was generally higher for TC:OSal compared with the PG:IPA:OSal vehicle. However, increasing the content of OSal did not appear to influence CBZ skin uptake nor permeation. Interestingly, the effects of the various PG:TC vehicles on CBZ skin delivery contrast with results we previous reported for the same systems for a different active. This confirms that with reference to skin permeation, formulation effects and/or skin penetration enhancement should be expected to vary and may not be predicted for specific vehicles.

Caspa , Imidazóis , Humanos , Administração Cutânea , Pele , Solventes , Propilenoglicol , 2-Propanol , Permeabilidade
Eye Contact Lens ; 50(3): 152-157, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345025


OBJECTIVE: Demodex folliculorum blepharitis is typically confirmed with lash epilation and microscopic identification of mites. However, mite counts may vary with the epilation technique. As there is no gold standard to epilating lashes for the purposes of mite counts, the aim of this study was to compare three epilation techniques. METHOD: A prospective randomized double-blind study compared three epilation techniques on lashes with cylindrical dandruff. Techniques included (A) direct pulling of the lash; (B) rotating the lash before epilation; and (C) sliding the cylindrical dandruff away, lash rotation, and epilation. Mean mite counts were analyzed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: Forty (n=40) participants (20 M: 20 F, mean age of 62.3±17.1 years) revealed similar mite counts between right (1.43±1.74) and left (1.35±1.59) eyes ( P =0.63). A significant difference ( P =0.03) in mite count was noted (technique A: 1.05 ± 1.60; technique B 1.76 ± 1.80; and technique C 1.36 ± 1.54) with technique B yielding the highest mite count ( P =0.04). CONCLUSION: Demodex mite count is a key parameter in establishing infestation or to determine treatment efficacy. This study revealed that rotating the lash before epilation yielded the highest mite count. Future studies should report the epilation technique used to allow for study comparisons.

Blefarite , Caspa , Infecções Oculares Parasitárias , Pestanas , Remoção de Cabelo , Infestações por Ácaros , Ácaros , Idoso , Animais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Blefarite/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/terapia , Infestações por Ácaros/diagnóstico , Infestações por Ácaros/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Masculino , Feminino
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 46(3): 333-347, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38196163


OBJECTIVE: To characterize the scalp microbial composition, function, and connection to dandruff severity using a metagenomics approach and to understand the impact of a Piroctone Olamine containing anti-dandruff shampoo on the scalp microbiome. METHODS: Shotgun metagenomics was used to characterize the composition of the scalp microbiomes from 94 subjects with and without clinically defined dandruff. Furthermore, the microbiome of the scalps of 100 dandruff sufferers before and after 3 weeks of treatment with either control or anti-dandruff shampoo containing 0.5% Piroctone Olamine (PO) was characterized and compared to identify microorganisms associated with the dandruff condition and the associated pathways and processes that may contribute to PO's effect on scalp microbiome. RESULTS: A higher relative abundance of Malassezia restricta and Staphylococcus capitis and a lower abundance of Cutibacterium acnes were associated with the dandruff scalps relative to the no-dandruff scalps. A 3-week PO shampoo treatment reduced the relative abundance of Malassezia species and Staphylococcus capitis and increased the relative abundance of Cutibacterium acnes. This change to the scalp microbiome composition is consistent with a return to a healthy no-dandruff microbiome and improved clinical signs and symptoms as measured by adherent scalp flaking score (ASFS) compared with the control shampoo. Functional genomics analysis showed that the PO shampoo treatment reduced oxidative stress-associated genes and decreased the abundance of protease, urease, and lipase genes. These changes correlated positively to improvements in dandruff severity. PO treatment favourably shifted scalp microbiomes in dandruff subjects toward the no-dandruff state. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that part of the aetiology of dandruff can be attributed to dysbiosis of the scalp microbiome. PO treatment can restore a healthier microbiome, reducing oxidative stress and promoting better scalp health.

OBJECTIF: Caractériser la composition microbienne du cuir chevelu, sa fonction et son lien avec la sévérité des pellicules à l'aide d'une approche métagénomique. Comprendre l'impact d'un shampooing antipelliculaire à base de piroctone olamine sur le microbiome du cuir chevelu. MÉTHODES: La métagénomique shotgun a été utilisée pour caractériser la composition des microbiomes du cuir chevelu de 94 sujets avec et sans pellicules définies cliniquement. Par ailleurs, le microbiome des cuirs chevelus de 100 personnes ayant des pellicules avant et après trois semaines de traitement par un shampooing témoin ou un shampooing antipelliculaire contenant 0,5 % de piroctone olamine (PO) a été caractérisé et comparé pour identifier les micro­organismes associés à l'état pelliculaire, et les voies et processus associés pouvant contribuer à l'effet de la PO sur le microbiome du cuir chevelu. RÉSULTATS: Une abondance relative plus élevée de Malassezia restricta et de Staphylococcus capitis, et une abondance plus faible de Cutibacterium acnes étaient associées aux cuirs chevelus avec des pellicules par rapport aux cuirs chevelus sans pellicules. Un traitement avec un shampooing contenant de la PO de 3 semaines a réduit l'abondance relative des espèces Malassezia et Staphylococcus capitis, et a augmenté l'abondance relative de Cutibacterium acnes. Cette modification de la composition du microbiome du cuir chevelu est cohérente avec un retour à un microbiome sain sans pellicules, et une amélioration des signes et symptômes cliniques mesurés par le score de desquamation du cuir chevelu adhérent (Adherent Scalp Flaking Score, ASFS) par rapport au shampooing témoin. L'analyse génomique fonctionnelle a montré que le traitement avec un shampooing contenant de la PO réduisait les gènes associés au stress oxydatif et diminuait l'abondance des gènes de la protéase, de l'uréase et de la lipase. Ces modifications étaient corrélées positivement à des améliorations de la sévérité des pellicules. Le traitement avec la PO a favorisé l'évolution des microbiomes du cuir chevelu des sujets ayant des pellicules vers un état sans pellicules. CONCLUSION: Nos résultats suggèrent qu'une partie de l'étiologie des pellicules peut être attribuée à la dysbiose du microbiome du cuir chevelu. Le traitement avec la PO peut rétablir un microbiome plus sain, en réduisant le stress oxydatif et en favorisant une meilleure santé du cuir chevelu.

Caspa , Preparações para Cabelo , Microbiota , Couro Cabeludo , Humanos , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Couro Cabeludo/microbiologia , Caspa/microbiologia , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Combinação de Medicamentos , Etanolaminas , Piridonas
J Dermatol ; 51(4): 518-525, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217001


Dandruff and scalp discomfort are common concerns for women and men in Africa. Moreover, women with afro-textured hair are prone to scalp discomfort owing to irregular hair washing, frequent use of oil-based products on their scalp, and harsh chemical treatments. Current literature does not, however, provide data on the pathophysiological mechanisms of these conditions in this population. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms behind scalp discomfort and dandruff in women of African descent before and after hair washing. We conducted the in Durban, South Africa, over a 3-week period with 60 women of African descent aged 20-40 years. The respondents were equally divided into a "dandruff" and a "no dandruff" group, based on clinical grading of adherent dandruff by a dermatologist. Malassezia spp. and bacterial loads were quantified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Evaluations of scalp condition and sample collection were performed at five time points during the 3 weeks. Data on discomfort symptoms were collected via a self-assessment questionnaire. We observed that the dandruff severity peaked at the end of the first week after hair washing and plateaued from thereon in both groups. Dandruff was associated with higher Malassezia and bacterial load counts and there was a direct correlation between the Malassezia spp. load and dandruff score. Via self-assessment questionnaire responses submitted by participants, we observed that itching was the most pronounced scalp discomfort, compared with the sensation of tingling and burning at baseline, while an improvement of the scalp symptoms of dandruff and itch was observed in both groups after one hair wash. The study also showed that higher colonization with Malassezia spp. and bacteria is associated with dandruff independently of the time point, confirming a scalp microbiome contribution to the dandruff pathophysiology in the study population. The benefits of washing were, however, not sustained after 1 week and we thus recommend weekly hair washing for long-term management of dandruff and scalp itchiness in this population.

Caspa , Malassezia , Pitiríase , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Caspa/terapia , Couro Cabeludo , África do Sul , Cabelo , Prurido/etiologia , Prurido/terapia , Parestesia
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23(2): 563-575, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37909853


BACKGROUND: Dandruff caused by Malassezia furfur is a prevailing fungal infection. Although ketoconazole (KTZ) is widely intended for anti-dandruff treatment, poor solubility, and epidermal permeability limits its use and the marketed KTZ shampoo adversely effects scalp and hair. OBJECTIVE: To prepare a novel shampoo loaded with KTZ-coated zinc oxide nanoparticles using green tea extract and evaluate its antifungal activity. METHODS: The KTZ-coated zinc oxide nanoparticles was prepared by green synthesis and was characterized by UV, FTIR, XRD, and the drug entrapment efficiency was investigated. The antifungal activity of the nanoparticles with respect to standard drug, KTZ was tested against Malassezia furfur. Further, a novel antidandruff shampoo was developed by incorporating the prepared nanoparticles into the shampoo base. RESULTS: The formation of KTZ-coated ZnO nanoparticles was confirmed by UV and FTIR analysis. XRD analysis confirmed the amorphous phase of KTZ in nanoparticles. The drug entrapment efficiency was found to be 91.84%. The prepared nanoparticles showed enhanced activity against Malassezia furfur compared to drug of choice, KTZ (1%). The evaluation of shampoo showed an ideal result. CONCLUSION: KTZ-coated ZnO nanoparticles loaded novel shampoo in comparison to marketed anti-dandruff shampoo could be an effective alternate for the treatment of dandruff.

Caspa , Preparações para Cabelo , Malassezia , Nanopartículas , Óxido de Zinco , Humanos , Cetoconazol , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Preparações para Cabelo/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Chá
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 46(1): 62-70, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37664975


OBJECTIVE: The human scalp is characterized by a moderately diverse microbial community, comprising prokaryotic (bacteria) and eukaryotic (fungi) members. Although the details are far from being fully understood, the human scalp microbiota is implicated in several scalp disorders, in particular dandruff formation. Hence, the protection of an intact and diverse scalp microbiota can be regarded as a quality criterion for hair and scalp care formulations. In this study, we investigated the influence of two commercially available, non-antimicrobial shampoo formulations on the structure of the scalp microbiota. METHODS: Scalp microbiota samples, obtained by swab sampling from two cohorts of probands (n = 25, each), were analysed before and after daily use of two different shampoo formulations for 2 weeks, respectively. A polyphasic approach was used, comprising quantitative cultivation of bacteria and fungi on selective media as well as sequencing of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA and 18S rRNA genes, respectively. RESULTS: All analyses revealed a microbiota composition typical for the human scalp. While in particular fungal germ numbers increased significantly during the treatments, overall bacterial and fungal community composition was not affected, based on alpha- and beta-diversity measures. However, we observed an increase in structural bacterial diversity with the age of the probands. CONCLUSIONS: Over an application period of 2 weeks, the investigated shampoo induced quantitative but no qualitative changes in the scalp microbial community structure of the investigated probands, suggesting no adverse but rather preserving or even stimulating effects of the underlying formulations on the scalp microbiota. Further investigation will have to clarify if this is also true for longer application periods and if the formulations might affect community functionality, for example microbial gene expression, rather than community composition.

OBJECTIF: Le cuir chevelu humain se caractérise par une communauté microbienne modérément diversifiée, comprenant des membres procaryotes (bactéries) et eucaryotes (champignons). Bien que l'on soit loin de comprendre totalement les détails, le microbiote du cuir chevelu humain est impliqué dans différents troubles du cuir chevelu, en particulier la formation de pellicules. La protection du microbiote du cuir chevelu intact et diversifié peut être considérée comme un critère de qualité pour les formulations de soins pour les cheveux et le cuir chevelu. Dans cette étude, nous avons examiné l'influence de deux formulations de shampooing non antimicrobien disponibles dans le commerce sur la structure du microbiote du cuir chevelu. MÉTHODES: Des échantillons de microbiote du cuir chevelu, obtenus par écouvillonnage dans deux cohortes de proposants (n = 25 dans chaque cohorte), ont été analysés respectivement avant et après l'utilisation quotidienne de deux formulations de shampooing pendant deux semaines. Une approche en plusieurs phases a été utilisée, dont une culture quantitative de bactéries et de champignons sur des milieux sélectifs et un séquençage respectivement des gènes de l'ARN ribosomique 16S et de l'ARN ribosomique 18S amplifiés par PCR. RÉSULTATS: Toutes les analyses ont révélé une composition du microbiote typique pour le cuir chevelu humain. Bien que le nombre de germes fongiques en particulier ait augmenté significativement pendant les traitements, la composition globale des communautés bactériennes et fongiques n'a pas été affectée, d'après les mesures de diversité alpha et bêta. Cependant, nous avons observé une augmentation de la diversité bactérienne structurelle avec l'âge des proposants. CONCLUSIONS: Sur une période d'utilisation de deux semaines, le shampooing étudié a induit des modifications quantitatives, mais pas qualitatives, de la structure des communautés microbiennes du cuir chevelu des proposants étudiés, ce qui suggère qu'il n'y a pas d'effets indésirables, mais qu'il y a des effets de préservation, voire de stimulation, des formulations sous-jacentes sur le microbiote du cuir chevelu. Des recherches supplémentaires devront clarifier si cela s'avère également pour des périodes d'utilisation plus longues et si les formulations peuvent affecter la fonctionnalité des communautés, par exemple, l'expression des gènes microbiens, plutôt que la composition des communautés.

Caspa , Microbiota , Humanos , Couro Cabeludo/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Caspa/microbiologia , Cabelo , Bactérias
J Appl Microbiol ; 134(9)2023 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37656887


AIMS: Black scurf disease, caused by Rhizoctonia solani, is a severe soil-borne and tuber-borne disease, which occurs and spreads in potato growing areas worldwide and poses a serious threat to potato production. New biofungicide is highly desirable for addressing the issue, and natural products (NPs) from Xenorhabdus spp. provide prolific resources for biofungicide development. In this study, we aim to identify antifungal NPs from Xenorhabdus spp. for the management of this disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of the 22 Xenorhabdus strains investigated, Xenorhabdus budapestensis 8 (XBD8) was determined to be the most promising candidate with the measured IC50 value of its cell-free supernatant against R. solani as low as 0.19 ml l-1. The major antifungal compound in XBD8 started to be synthesized in the middle logarithmic phase and reached a stable level at stationary phase. Core gene deletion coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry analysis determined the major antifungal NPs as fabclavine derivatives, Fcl-7 and 8, which showed broad-spectrum bioactivity against important pathogenic fungi. Impressively, the identified fabclavine derivatives effectively controlled black scurf disease in both greenhouse and field experiments, significantly improving tuber quality and increasing with marketable tuber yield from 29 300 to 35 494 kg ha-1, comparable with chemical fungicide fludioxonil. CONCLUSIONS: The fabclavine derivatives Fcl-7 and 8 were determined as the major antifungal NPs in XBD8, which demonstrated a bright prospect for the management of black scurf disease.

Produtos Biológicos , Caspa , Xenorhabdus , Humanos , Antifúngicos
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 45(6): 769-774, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37539788


Dandruff is a common scalp condition affecting almost half of the world's population. Despite its high prevalence, the exact pathophysiology is not well established and is understood to be multifactorial, with factors such as fungal colonization, sebaceous gland activity and individual factors being implicated. There is a need for an effective and safe shampoo that can target the above factors. Hence, we have developed a shampoo formulation with properties of oil control, moisturizing, non-irritative, anti-fungal, anti-microbial and itch-relieving. In this interventional, open-label study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of this shampoo in reducing the clinical signs of dandruff and pruritus in patients with pre-existing mild-to-moderate dandruff over a course of 21-day treatment duration through self-assessment and objective clinical evaluations. After continued use of the shampoo, there was a significant decrease in the adherent and loose scalp flaking scores. Mean pruritus scores also decreased significantly across the 21-day time points. There were also no adverse events or skin intolerances reported. This study showed that our shampoo formulation has led to a significant reduction in both adherent and loose scalp flaking and pruritus when used in individuals suffering from mild to moderate dandruff. As such, it is an ideal shampoo, which can be used to effectively control dandruff.

Les pellicules sont une affection courante du cuir chevelu qui touche près de la moitié de la population mondiale. Malgré sa prévalence élevée, la physiopathologie exacte n'est pas bien établie et est comprise comme étant multifactorielle, avec des facteurs impliqués tels que la colonisation fongique, l'activité des glandes sébacées et des facteurs individuels. Un shampooing sûr et efficace pouvant cibler les facteurs évoqués ci-dessus est nécessaire. Par conséquent, nous avons développé une formulation de shampooing présentant des propriétés de contrôle du sébum, d'hydratation, non irritante, antifongique, antimicrobienne et de soulagement des démangeaisons. Dans cette essaie interventionnelle ouvert, nous avons évalué l'efficacité et la sécurité d'emploi de ce shampooing dans la réduction des signes cliniques de pellicules et de prurit chez des patients présentant des pellicules préexistantes légères à modérées sur une durée de traitement de 21 jours par le biais d'auto-évaluations et d'évaluations cliniques objectives. Après une utilisation continue du shampooing, une diminution significative des scores de squames adhérents et d'excoriation du cuir chevelu a été observée. Les scores de prurit moyens ont également significativement diminué tout au long de la période de 21 jours. De même, aucun événement indésirable ou intolérance cutanée n'a été rapporté. Cette étude a montré que notre formulation de shampooing a entraîné une réduction significative des squames adhérents, de l'excoriation du cuir chevelu et du prurit lorsqu'elle est utilisée chez des personnes souffrant de pellicules légères ou modérées. Il s'agit donc d'un shampooing idéal qui peut être utilisé pour contrôler efficacement les pellicules.

Caspa , Dermatite Seborreica , Preparações para Cabelo , Compostos Organometálicos , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo , Humanos , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Caspa/microbiologia , Piridinas , Resultado do Tratamento , Prurido , Preparações para Cabelo/uso terapêutico , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/tratamento farmacológico
Eur J Dermatol ; 33(S1): 13-18, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37098774


INTRODUCTION: Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory disorder of the head and trunk. OBJECTIVES: To explore the potential of a 1% Selenium disulphide (SeS2)-based shampoo to prevent relapses of scalp SD (SSD) following corticosteroid/salicylic acid (TCS/SA) treatment. MATERIALS & METHODS: After a 2-week treatment with TCS/SA, adult patients with moderate-to-severe SSD received either the SeS2-based shampoo or its vehicle for eight weeks in a randomized, double-blinded fashion. Visits took place at baseline, weeks 2, 6 and 10. SSD severity was assessed based on erythema, flakes and pruritus; patients assessed the severity of pruritus. Global investigator and patient satisfaction were assessed at week 10. RESULTS: Forty-eight adults were included. After four and eight weeks of post TCS/SA maintenance regimen, 8.1% and 16.7% in the SeS2, and 41.7% and 54.2% in the vehicle group relapsed, respectively. First median time-to-relapse in the vehicle group was 56 days; this was not reached for SeS2. After two weeks of TCS/SA, the prevalence of patients with no pruritus was 29.2% in the SeS2 group, and 41.7% in the vehicle group; it increased to 76.2% with SeS2 and to 57.1% with the vehicle at the end of the study. The clinical benefit of treatment with TCS/SCA was maintained in the SeS2 group only. Investigators and patients were highly satisfied with the efficacy of SeS2. Tolerance to SeS2 was excellent, with no reported adverse events. CONCLUSION: The SeS2-based shampoo significantly reduces the time-to-relapse of moderate-to-severe SSD flares. Its tolerance was excellent, with no reported adverse events.

Caspa , Dermatite Seborreica , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo , Adulto , Humanos , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Dermatite Seborreica/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Prurido/tratamento farmacológico , Prurido/etiologia , Ácido Salicílico/efeitos adversos , Couro Cabeludo , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
Eur J Dermatol ; 33(S1): 5-12, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37098773


BACKGROUND: Dandruff is a chronic and relapsing scalp condition characterized by flaky scalp. Environmental and host factors (exposome) may alter the sebaceous gland activity, sebum composition, epidermal barrier function, and scalp microbiome balance, resulting in dandruff. Selenium disulfide (SeS2) improves the clinical signs of dandruff. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mode of action of SeS2 shampoo during treatment and relapse phases. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two single-center studies assessed dandruff severity, subjective efficacy perception, microbial balance, microbiota diversity and sebum lipids. RESULTS: SeS2 significantly (p≤0.01) reduced scaling and led to a significant decrease of Malassezia and Staphylococcus spp. counts in both lesional and non-lesional areas, compared to the vehicle at D28 returning to baseline levels at D56. Cutibacterium spp. levels were not different between the SeS2 and the vehicle treatment groups but had significantly increased with SeS2 (p<0.001) in the lesional zone at D56. The ratio Malassezia spp./Cutibacterium spp. decreased significantly in lesional zones compared to baseline levels, at both D28 and D35 (p<0.001). The total squalene content significantly increased (p<0.05), whereas peroxided squalene had significantly decreased by almost 50% at D31. The ratio triglycerides/free fatty acids significantly (p<0.0001) increased, almost 5-fold, between D0 and D31. SeS2 shampoo was very well tolerated. CONCLUSION: SeS2 is beneficial in scalp dandruff, even after treatment interruption. It is well tolerated, rebalances the equilibrium between the main bacterial and fungal populations, and improves sebum quality.

Caspa , Malassezia , Microbiota , Humanos , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Caspa/microbiologia , Couro Cabeludo , Sebo , Esqualeno
Eur J Dermatol ; 33(S1): 19-23, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37098775


Seborrheic Dermatitis (SD) is a chronic and relapsing inflammatory condition accompanied by erythema, flaking and itching. Dandruff is a milder form of SD. Selenium disulfide (SeS2) is beneficial in both conditions. OBJECTIVES: to assess the efficacy of SeS2-based shampoo in dandruff/SD. MATERIALS & METHODS: an international, multicenter, observational study was conducted in 1407 adult subjects. SeS2- based shampoo was used 2 to 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Clinical efficacy criteria included improvement of hair, flaking, erythema and irritation on a scale from 0 to 5; investigator satisfaction was assessed at month 3 from 0 to 10. The subjects rated the impact of their hair problem (0 to 5), efficacy and satisfaction with SeS2-based shampoo at month 3. Tolerance was assessed throughout the study. RESULTS: At baseline, 68.2% had a flake severity score of 3-5, 49.9% an erythema severity score of 3-5, and 46.2% an irritation severity score of 3-5; 28.2% were bothered and 41.5% were very bothered. At study end, SD/D had at least clearly improved in 89.6% of subjects. All clinical signs had significantly (p<0.001) improved. 95.6% of subjects reported less pruritus. Significantly fewer (15.4%, p<0.0001) subjects were still bothered. The overall subject satisfaction score was 8.9±1.4; 97.6% of investigators were satisfied or very satisfied. Tolerance was good or very good in 98.8% of subjects. CONCLUSION: A SeS2-based shampoo applied 2 to 3 times per week is efficient and well tolerated in dandruff and SD.

Caspa , Dermatite Seborreica , Preparações para Cabelo , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo , Adulto , Humanos , Dermatite Seborreica/tratamento farmacológico , Preparações para Cabelo/uso terapêutico , Eritema/tratamento farmacológico , Prurido/tratamento farmacológico , Prurido/etiologia , Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/tratamento farmacológico
BMC Microbiol ; 23(1): 121, 2023 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37120517


BACKGROUND: The equilibrium of the scalp microbiome is important for maintaining healthy scalp conditions, including sebum secretion, dandruff, and hair growth. Many different strategies to improve scalp health have been reported; however, the effect of postbiotics, such as heat-killed probiotics, on scalp health remains unclear. We examined the beneficial effects of heat-killed probiotics consisting of Lacticaseibacillus paracasei, GMNL-653, on scalp health. RESULTS: Heat-killed GMNL-653 could co-aggregate with scalp commensal fungi, Malassezia furfur, in vitro, and the GMNL-653-derived lipoteichoic acid inhibited the biofilm formation of M. furfur on Hs68 fibroblast cells. The mRNA of hair follicle growth factors, including insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), vascular endothelial growth factor, IGF-1, and keratinocyte growth factor was up-regulated in skin-related human cell lines Hs68 and HaCaT after treatment with heat-killed GMNL-653. For clinical observations, we recruited 22 volunteer participants to use the shampoo containing the heat-killed GMNL-653 for 5 months and subsequently measured their scalp conditions, including sebum secretion, dandruff formation, and hair growth. We applied polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect the scalp microbiota of M. restricta, M. globosa, Cutibacterium acnes, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. A decrease in dandruff and oil secretion and an increase in hair growth in the human scalp were observed after the use of heat-killed GMNL-653-containing shampoo. The increased abundance of M. globosa and the decreased abundance of M. restricta and C. acnes were also observed. We further found that accumulated L. paracasei abundance was positively correlated with M. globosa abundance and negatively correlated with C. acnes abundance. S. epidermidis and C. acnes abundance was negatively correlated with M. globosa abundance and positively correlated with M. restricta. Meanwhile, M. globosa and M. restricta abundances were negatively associated with each other. C. acnes and S. epidermidis abundances were statistically positively correlated with sebum secretion and dandruff, respectively, in our shampoo clinical trial. CONCLUSION: Our study provides a new strategy for human scalp health care using the heat-killed probiotics GMNL-653-containing shampoo. The mechanism may be correlated with the microbiota shift.

Caspa , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Microbiota , Humanos , Couro Cabeludo/microbiologia , Caspa/terapia , Caspa/microbiologia , Lacticaseibacillus , Temperatura Alta , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 45(5): 572-580, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36862071


OBJECTIVE: The microbiome plays an important role in a wide variety of skin disorders. Hence, dysbiosis in the skin and/or gut microbiome is associated with an altered immune response, promoting the development of skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne vulgaris and dandruff. Studies have shown that paraprobiotics may be promising for the treatment of skin disorders through microbiota modulation and immunomodulation. So, the objective is to develop an anti-dandruff formulation using a paraprobiotic (Neoimuno) as active ingredient. METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in patients who had any degree of dandruff. A total of 33 volunteers were recruited and randomly divided into two groups: placebo or treated. (1% Neoimuno). The ingredient used was Neoimuno (Bifidobacterium lactis strain CCT 7858). Combability analysis and perception questionnaire were applied before and after treatment. Statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: No adverse effects were reported by patients throughout the study. Through the combability analysis, a significant decrease in the number of particles was verified after 28 days of shampoo use. Regarding perception, there was a significant difference for the cleaning variables and improvement of the general appearance 28 days after the intervention. There were no significant differences for the itching and scaling parameters, as well as the perception parameters at 14 days. DISCUSSION: Topical application of the paraprobiotic shampoo containing 1% Neoimuno was able to significantly improve the feeling of cleanliness and general aspects of dandruff, in addition to reducing scalp flakiness. Thus, with the results obtained through the clinical trial, Neoimuno presents itself as a natural, safe and effective ingredient in the treatment of dandruff. The efficacy of Neoimuno in dandruff was visible within 4 weeks.

OBJECTIF: Le microbiome joue un rôle important dans une grande variété de troubles cutanés. Ainsi, la dysbiose du microbiome cutané et/ou intestinal est associée à une réponse immunitaire altérée, favorisant le développement de maladies cutanées, telles que la dermatite atopique, le psoriasis, l'acné vulgaire et les pellicules. Des études ont montré que les paraprobiotiques peuvent être prometteurs pour le traitement des troubles cutanés par la modulation du microbiote et l'immunomodulation. Ainsi, l'objectif est de développer une formulation antipelliculaire utilisant un paraprobiotique (Neoimuno) comme principe actif. MÉTHODES: Un essai clinique randomisé, en double aveugle et contrôlé par placebo a été réalisé chez des patients présentant des pellicules de n'importe quel degré. Au total, 33 volontaires ont été recrutés et divisés au hasard en deux groupes: placebo ou traité. (1% Neoimuno). L'ingrédient utilisé était le Neoimuno (souche Bifidobacterium lactis CCT 7858). Une analyse de combabilité et un questionnaire de perception ont été appliqués avant et après le traitement. Des analyses statistiques ont été effectuées. RÉSULTATS: Aucun effet indésirable n'a été signalé par les patients tout au long de l'étude. Grâce à l'analyse de combabilité, une diminution significative du nombre de particules a été vérifiée après 28 jours d'utilization du shampooing. Concernant la perception, il y avait une différence significative pour les variables de nettoyage et d'amélioration de l'aspect général 28 jours après l'intervention. Il n'y avait pas de différences significatives pour les paramètres de démangeaison et de desquamation, ainsi que les paramètres de perception à 14 jours. DISCUSSION: L'application topique du shampooing paraprobiotique contenant 1% de Neoimuno a pu améliorer significativement la sensation de propreté et les aspects généraux des pellicules, en plus de réduire la desquamation du cuir chevelu. Ainsi, avec les résultats obtenus grâce à l'essai clinique, Neoimuno se présente comme un ingrédient naturel, sûr et efficace dans le traitement des pellicules. L'efficacité de Neoimuno sur les pellicules a été visible en 4 semaines.

Bifidobacterium animalis , Caspa , Preparações para Cabelo , Humanos , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Couro Cabeludo , Pele , Prurido , Preparações para Cabelo/uso terapêutico
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 45(3): 345-353, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36752028


OBJECTIVE: Dandruff and its more severe related condition, seborrheic dermatitis affects a high proportion of the population at some point in their life. Piroctone olamine, also known as Octopirox® (OPX) is the monoethanolamine salt of piroctone and is an antifungal agent widely used for the management of dandruff. The aim of the present work was to characterize the physicochemical properties of piroctone olamine and to conduct pre-formulation studies for the development of novel topical formulations of this active. METHODS: An HPLC method was developed and validated for the analysis of OPX. The melting point was determined using the DSC Q2000 (TA Instruments, USA). The distribution coefficient (logD(O/PBS) ) and partition coefficient (log Po/w ) was determined in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) AND deionized (DI) water using the shake flask method. All experiments were performed at room temperature. The solubility was determined experimentally by adding amount of active to a solvent. The samples were kept at 32° ± 1°C for 48 h in a water bath. The stability of the compound was determined in a range of solvents by preparing solutions of 1 mg mL-1 in the relevant solvents. These solutions were kept and stirred throughout the experiment at 32 ± 1°C, and aliquots were taken at 24, 48 and 96 h. RESULTS: The HPLC method was developed successfully; however, samples at the lower end of the calibration curve showed lower degrees of precision and accuracy. Based on experiments with DSC, the melting point was observed at an onset temperature of 132.4°C. The LogD was determined to be 1.84. The compound had the highest solubility in methanol (278.4 mg mL-1 ) and propylene glycol (PG), with a value of 248.8 mg mL-1 . The lowest solubility for OPX was in dimethyl isosorbide (9.9 mg mL-1 ), Labrafac™ (3.6 mg mL-1 ) and isostearyl isostearate (0.5 mg mL-1 ). Over the 4 days, OPX showed stability in ethanol and PG, while a notable decrease in OPX was observed in PBS and DI water at 32 ± 1°C. CONCLUSION: The physicochemical properties of OPX were characterized to find suitable excipients able to target the epidermis for topical delivery. Building on these findings, future work will focus on the development of novel topical formulation of OPX.

OBJECTIF: la production de pellicules et la maladie plus grave qui y est apparentée, la dermatite séborrhéique, touchent une grande partie des personnes à un moment donné de leur vie. La piroctone olamine, également connue sous le nom d'Octopirox® (OPX), est le sel de monoéthanolamine de la piroctone. Il s'agit d'un agent antifongique largement utilisé pour le traitement des pellicules. L'objectif de ce travail était de caractériser les propriétés physicochimiques de la piroctone olamine et de mener des études de préformulation pour le développement de nouvelles formulations topiques de ce principe actif. MÉTHODES: une méthode de chromatographie liquide à haute performance (CLHP) a été développée et validée pour l'analyse de l'OPX. Le point de fusion a été déterminé à l'aide du calorimètre à balayage différentiel (Differential Scanning Calorimetry, DSC) Q2000 (TA Instruments, États-Unis). Le coefficient de distribution (logD(Octanol/PBS) ) et le coefficient de partage (log Poctanol/eau , ou log Poe ) ont été déterminés dans le tampon phosphate salin (phosphate buffered saline, PBS) et dans l'eau désionisée (deionised, DI) à l'aide de la méthode par agitation en flacon. Toutes les expériences ont été réalisées à température ambiante. La solubilité a été déterminée de manière expérimentale. Une certaine quantité du principe actif a été ajoutée au solvant. Les échantillons ont été conservés à une température de 32 °C ± 1 °C pendant 48 h dans un bain-marie. La stabilité du composé a été déterminée à l'aide d'une gamme de solvants. Des solutions de 1 mg mL−1 ont été préparées dans les solvants correspondants. Les solutions ont été conservées et agitées tout au long de l'expérience à une température de 32°C ± 1°C. Des aliquotes ont été prélevées après 24, 48 et 96 h. RÉSULTATS: la méthode CLHP a été développée avec succès. Toutefois, les échantillons situés dans la partie inférieure de la courbe d'étalonnage ont montré des degrés inférieurs de précision et d'exactitude. Sur la base des expériences avec le DSC, le point de fusion a été observé à une température initiale de 132,4°C. Le LogD a été déterminé à 1,84. Le composé présentait la solubilité la plus élevée dans le méthanol (278,4 mg mL−1 ) et le propylène glycol (PG), avec une valeur de 248,8 mg mL−1 . L'OPX présentait la solubilité la plus faible dans l'isosorbide de diméthyle (9,9 mg.mL−1 ), le LabrafacTM (3,6 mg mL−1 ) et l'isostéarate d'isostéaryle (0,5 mg mL−1 ). Sur les 4 jours, l'OPX a montré une stabilité dans l'éthanol et le PG, tandis qu'il a diminué de manière notable dans le PBS et l'eau désionisée à une température de 32°C ± 1°C. CONCLUSION: les propriétés physicochimiques de l'OPX ont été caractérisées afin de trouver des excipients appropriés capables de cibler l'épiderme dans le cadre d'une administration topique. En s'appuyant sur ces résultats, les travaux futurs se concentreront sur le développement d'une nouvelle formulation topique de l'OPX.

Caspa , Etanolaminas , Piridonas , Humanos , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Etanolaminas/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Solubilidade , Estabilidade de Medicamentos
Acta Derm Venereol ; 103: adv00868, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36789756


Dandruff is a common scalp disorder with multiple microbial and host-related factors contributing to its aetiology, including alterations in scalp sebum. Despite existing evidence that the yeast Malassezia restricta plays a key role in the onset of dandruff, the interplay of these factors is poorly understood. Recently, squalene monohydroperoxide and malondialdehyde were established as biomarkers of dandruff-afflicted scalp, highlighting the role of sebum lipoperoxidation in the triggering and maintenance of dandruff, although its mechanism of action is unknown. The current study provides evidence that M. restricta mediates sebum peroxidation, leading to production of squalene monohydroperoxide and malondialdehyde. Furthermore, in vitro data show that these lipoperoxidation products act on epidermal cells and alter the skin barrier. These results support the role of Malassezia restricta-induced lipoperoxides as triggers of dandruff, which suggests that blocking their production could be a novel anti-dandruff treatment approach.

Caspa , Malassezia , Humanos , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Caspa/etiologia , Malondialdeído
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 22(1): 262-266, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279940


BACKGROUND: Scalp conditions such as flaky or oily scalp affect people across ethnicities and age groups. In addition to flaking, increased sebum secretion, itching, and compromised scalp barrier function were described. Scalp conditions are aesthetically disturbing and may cause psychological distress in affected individuals who are looking for mild and effective treatment at the same time. Saccharide isomerate has a long history as a skin moisturizer, and it was found to improve skin barrier function, also suggesting possible beneficial effects on scalp. AIMS: To provide relevant claim substantiation to introduce saccharide isomerate as a new scalp care active against scalp flaking condition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a placebo-controlled clinical study in an adult Chinese population affected by dandruff scalp as assessed by an adherent scalp flaking score. We monitored transepidermal water loss (TEWL), sebum secretion, and scalp flaking during 28 days. RESULTS: Formulations containing Saccharide isomerate significantly improved all parameters both over time as well as compared to the placebo formulation. CONCLUSION: We propose Saccharide isomerate for cosmetic formulations directed toward improving scalp conditions such as dandruff or oily scalp.

Caspa , Couro Cabeludo , Adulto , Humanos , Pele , Prurido/etiologia
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 45(2): 236-245, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573829


BACKGROUND: Dandruff is a pervasive chronic condition which negatively impacts quality of life. Effective treatment requires efficient delivery of scalp benefit agents that control commensal scalp Malassezia levels. Delivery of benefit agents from shampoos requires balancing many technical parameters to achieve the desired outcome without sacrificing secondary parameters, such as cosmetic attributes. AIM: To develop formulation technologies that increase the shampoo delivery efficiency of the scalp benefit agent piroctone olamine (PO). Increased delivery should result in increased anti-dandruff efficacy. METHODS: Micellar Stability and Association parameters were quantified via dynamic surface tension and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) diffusion parameters, respectively. PO delivery has been assessed in vivo both on the scalp surface and follicular infindibula using extraction procedures and analytical analysis. Clinical anti-dandruff efficacy was assessed for an advanced delivery technology prototype in comparison to standard delivery technology. RESULTS: Shampoo prototypes have been developed that increase the delivery efficiency of PO. Both surfactant and polymer coacervate-based approaches have been developed. Decreased micellar stability results in weaker association between PO and micelles, resulting in more efficient PO retention on the scalp surface and delivery to the infundibula. Increased charge density of cationic polymers optimizes coacervation enabling improved PO delivery as well. Increased PO delivery has been shown clinically to result in higher anti-dandruff efficacy as measured by both visible flakes and underlying biomarkers. CONCLUSION: Increased efficiency PO delivery shampoos have been developed by optimization of both surfactant and coacervate parameters. The increased deposition efficiency results in significantly more products with significantly greater anti-dandruff efficacy.

CONTEXTE: Les pellicules sont une maladie chronique omniprésente qui a un impact négatif sur la qualité de vie. Un traitement efficace nécessite une administration efficace d'agents bénéfiques pour le cuir chevelu qui contrôlent les niveaux commensaux de Malassezia. L'administration d'agents bénéfiques à partir de shampooings nécessite d'équilibrer de nombreux paramètres techniques pour obtenir le résultat souhaité sans sacrifier des paramètres secondaires tels que les attributs cosmétiques. BUT: Développer des technologies de formulation qui augmentent l'efficacité d'administration du shampooing de l'agent bénéfique pour le cuir chevelu piroctone olamine (PO). Une livraison accrue devrait entraîner une efficacité antipelliculaire accrue. MÉTHODES: La stabilité micellaire et les paramètres d'association ont été quantifiés via les paramètres de tension superficielle dynamique et de diffusion RMN, respectivement. L'administration de PO a été évaluée in vivo à la fois sur la surface du cuir chevelu et sur l'indibula folliculaire à l'aide de procédures d'extraction et d'analyses analytiques. L'efficacité antipelliculaire clinique a été évaluée pour un prototype de technologie d'administration avancée par rapport à la technologie d'administration standard. RÉSULTATS: Des prototypes de shampooing ont été développés pour augmenter l'efficacité de livraison des PO. Des approches à base de tensioactifs et de coacervats polymères ont été développées. Une diminution de la stabilité micellaire entraîne une association plus faible entre le PO et les micelles, ce qui entraîne une rétention plus efficace du PO sur la surface du cuir chevelu et une livraison à l'infundibula. L'augmentation de la densité de charge des polymères cationiques optimise la coacervation, permettant également une meilleure administration de PO. Il a été démontré cliniquement que l'augmentation de l'administration de PO entraîne une efficacité antipelliculaire plus élevée, mesurée à la fois par les squames visibles et les biomarqueurs sous-jacents. CONCLUSION: Des shampooings à libération de PO à efficacité accrue ont été développés en optimisant à la fois les paramètres du tensioactif et du coacervat. L'efficacité de dépôt accrue se traduit par beaucoup plus de produits avec une efficacité antipelliculaire nettement supérieure.

Caspa , Dermatite Seborreica , Fármacos Dermatológicos , Preparações para Cabelo , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Preparações para Cabelo/química , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Caspa/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Couro Cabeludo , Tensoativos