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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116353, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432128

RESUMO

Peiminine, the primary biologically active compound from Fritillaria thunbergii Miq., has demonstrated significant pharmacological activities. Doxorubicin is one of the most potent chemotherapeutic agents for breast cancer (BC). This study was designed to investigate the efficacy and underlying mechanisms of Peiminine combined with Doxorubicin in treating BC. Our results demonstrated that the combination of Peiminine and 1 mg/kg Doxorubicin exhibited more significant suppression of tumor growth compared with the monotherapy in MDA-MB-231 xenograft nude mice model, which is comparable to the effect of 3 mg/kg Doxorubicin in vivo. Notably, the 3 mg/kg Doxorubicin monotherapy resulted in organ toxicity, specifically in the liver and heart, whereas no toxicity was observed in the combination group. In vitro, this combined treatment exhibited a synergistic reduction on the viability of BC cells. Peiminine enhanced the cell cycle arrest and DNA damage induced by Doxorubicin. Furthermore, the combination treatment effectively blocked DNA repair by inhibiting the MAPKs signaling pathways. And ZEB1 knockdown attenuated the combined effect of Peiminine and Doxorubicin on cell viability and DNA damage. In conclusion, our study found that the combination of Peiminine and Doxorubicin showed synergistic inhibitory effects on BC both in vivo and in vitro through enhancing Doxorubicin-induced DNA damage. These findings support that their combination is a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for treating BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Cevanas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos Nus , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Adutos de DNA/farmacologia , Adutos de DNA/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Apoptose , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco
2.
Tissue Cell ; 87: 102323, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peiminine (PMI) is an active alkaloid sourced from Fritillaria thunbergii, which has been shown to suppress the development of a variety of tumors. Whereas, the roles and precise mechanism of PMI in breast cancer (BC) development remain not been clarified. METHODS: The cytotoxic effect of PMI on MCF-10A and BC cell lines (MCF-7 and BT-549) were assessed by MTT and LDH release assay. Cell proliferation was evaluated by EdU staining. Levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA), reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH) activity and iron assay were measured by Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, respectively. Transmission Electron Microscope was performed to observe mitochondrial morphological structure. Immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and western blot were conducted to examine protein levels, respectively. Xenograft model was used to confirm cellular findings. RESULTS: PMI treatment reduced the viability and enhanced LDH level of MCF-7 and BT-549 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, and further suppressed cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Subsequently, PMI administration resulted in significant increases of ROS, MDA and iron levels, reduction of GSH activity as well as mitochondrial shrinkage and GPX4 reduction, while all these phenomena could be rescued by ferrostatin-1. Mechanistically, PMI treatment led to promoted Nrf2 expression and its nuclear translocation, as well as it's downstream protein HO-1 and NQO1 expressions. Notably, ML-385, a Nrf2 specific inhibitor, greatly reversed the anti-tumor effects and pro-ferroptosis role of PMI in BC cells. CONCLUSION: Taking these finding together, PMI could stimulate ferroptosis to inhibit BC tumor growth by activating Nrf2-HO-1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Cevanas , Ferroptose , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Ferro
3.
Inflammopharmacology ; 32(1): 657-665, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37855980

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the intestinal mucosa and a prevalent gastrointestinal condition in developed countries. Peiminine, derived from the Fritillaria imperialis plant, exhibits remarkable anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. This study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of peiminine in an experimental model of ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis was induced intra-rectally in all groups, except the negative control, using 100 µl of 4% acetic acid. Peiminine treatment was initiated after ulcerative colitis induction and symptom manifestation. After the final injection, mice were sacrificed on day 15 for assessment. Various parameters were evaluated, including disease activity index, myeloperoxidase activity, nitric oxide levels, production and expression of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α cytokines, and expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, iNOS, and COX2 genes. Microscopic pathological evaluation was performed on colon tissue. Peiminine treatment resulted in reduced levels of NO, MPO, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. Furthermore, the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α genes, iNOS, and COX2 genes was decreased in response to peiminine treatment in these mice. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of peiminine in alleviating inflammatory manifestations and mitigating intestinal tissue damage in an experimental model of ulcerative colitis, probably by anti-inflammatory procedure. Peiminine holds potential as a therapeutic adjunct for the management of ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético , Cevanas , Colite Ulcerativa , Animais , Camundongos , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Interleucina-1beta , Óxido Nítrico
4.
Cells ; 12(6)2023 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36980235

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is a primary brain tumor of unknown etiology. It is extremely aggressive, incurable and has a short average survival time for patients. Therefore, understanding the precise molecular mechanisms of this diseases is essential to establish effective treatments. In this study, we cloned and sequenced a splice variant of the hydroxysteroid 11-ß dehydrogenase 1 like gene (HSD11B1L) and named it HSD11B1L-181. HSD11 B1L-181 was specifically expressed only in GBM cells. Overexpression of this variant can significantly promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of GBM cells. Knockdown of HSD11B1L-181 expression inhibited the oncogenic potential of GBM cells. Furthermore, we identified the direct interaction of parkin with HSD11B1L-181 by screening the GBM cDNA expression library via yeast two-hybrid. Parkin is an RBR E3 ubiquitin ligase whose mutations are associated with tumorigenesis. Small interfering RNA treatment of parkin enhanced the proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities of GBM. Finally, we found that the alkaloid peiminine from the bulbs of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq blocks the interaction between HSD11B1L-181 and parkin, thereby lessening carcinogenesis of GBM. We further confirmed the potential of peiminine to prevent GBM in cellular, ectopic and orthotopic xenograft mouse models. Taken together, these findings not only provide insight into GBM, but also present an opportunity for future GBM treatment.


Assuntos
11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1 , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/efeitos dos fármacos , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/genética , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/genética , Cevanas/farmacologia , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
5.
Biosci Rep ; 42(10)2022 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111628

RESUMO

Peimine, a bioactive substance isolated from Chinese medicine Fritillaria, can potentially suppress pulmonary fibrosis (PF); however, its therapeutic mechanism remains unclear. Recent evidence suggests the participation of M2-type macrophages in the pathogenesis of PF. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of peimine on a bleomycin (BLM)-induced PF rat model and the underlying mechanism of this effect. After BLM administration, peimine was administered to rats from day 29 to day 42, with pirfenidone (PFD) as a positive control. H&E and Masson's trichrome stain were used to analyze histological changes. Q-PCR and western blotting were used to measure mRNA levels and protein levels, respectively. High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology detected the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) regulated by peimine. Our results revealed that peimine treatment significantly ameliorated BLM-induced PF by suppressing histological changes and collagen deposition. In addition, peimine decreased the number of M2 macrophages and the expression of profibrotic factors. RNA-seq results showed that DEGs regulated by peimine in IL-4-induced macrophages were mainly associated with immune system processes, the PI3K/Akt pathway, and the MAPKs pathway. Then, immunofluorescence assay and western blot results demonstrated that peimine treatment suppressed the expression of p-p38 MAPK and p-Akt (s473) and also inhibited the nuclear translocation of p-STAT6. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that peimine has a protective effect on PF through the suppression of M2 polarization of macrophages by inhibiting the STAT6, p38 MAPK, and Akt signals.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Bleomicina , Cevanas , Colágeno/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 111: 109181, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Peimine (PM), a main isosterol alkaloid component isolated from the bulbs of traditional Chinese herb Fritillaria cirrhosa D. Don, has been demonstrated to exhibit multiple pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammation, anti-cancer and pain suppression. However, its effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effect of PM on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats in vivo and its inhibition on destructive behaviors of arthritic fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) in vitro. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in rats by chicken type II collagen. Arthritis score, radiological evaluation, and histopathological assessment were used to evaluate the therapeutic effects of PM on CIA rats. EdU assay, wound healing assay and real-time PCR were used to examine the inhibitory effect of PM on proliferation, migration, and over-expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in TNFα-induced arthritic FLSs. TRAP staining and scanning electron microscopy were used to analyze the effect of PM on osteoclastogensis and bone resorption. Western blot was used to reveal PM's molecular mechanism of action on RA. RESULTS: PM significantly suppressed synovitis and bone destruction in CIA rats. In vitro experiments showed that PM treatment significantly inhibited TNFα-induced destructive behaviors of arthritic FLSs, including over-proliferation, migration and over-expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Additionally, RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and bone-resorpting function were also inhibited by PM. Further molecular mechanism studies revealed that PM treatment significantly suppressed TNFα-induced activations of MAPKs (ERK, JNK and p38) in arthritic FLSs. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide strong evidence that PM has the potential to be developed as a therapeutic agent for patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Sinoviócitos , Animais , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Cevanas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
J Food Biochem ; 46(10): e14354, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894128

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Several vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 have been approved; however, variants of concern (VOCs) can evade vaccine protection. Therefore, developing small compound drugs that directly block the interaction between the viral spike glycoprotein and ACE2 is urgently needed to provide a complementary or alternative treatment for COVID-19 patients. We developed a viral infection assay to screen a library of approximately 126 small molecules and showed that peimine inhibits VOCs viral infections. In addition, a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay showed that peimine suppresses the interaction of spike and ACE2. Molecular docking analysis revealed that peimine exhibits a higher binding affinity for variant spike proteins and is able to form hydrogen bonds with N501Y in the spike protein. These results suggest that peimine, a compound isolated from Fritillaria, may be a potent inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 variant infection. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: In this study, we identified a naturally derived compound of peimine, a major bioactive alkaloid extracted from Fritillaria, that could inhibit SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) viral infection in 293T/ACE2 and Calu-3 lung cells. In addition, peimine blocks viral entry through interruption of spike and ACE2 interaction. Moreover, molecular docking analysis demonstrates that peimine has a higher binding affinity on N501Y in the spike protein. Furthermore, we found that Fritillaria significantly inhibits SARS-CoV-2 viral infection. These results suggested that peimine and Fritillaria could be a potential functional drug and food for COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , Cevanas , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Sítios de Ligação , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Glicoproteínas , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/química , Ligação Proteica , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Internalização do Vírus
8.
J Sep Sci ; 45(15): 2819-2832, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35638750

RESUMO

Peimine, one of the major quality markers in Fritillaria Cirrhosae Bulbus, was expected to become a new anti-asthma drug. However, its metabolic profiles and anti-asthma mechanism have not been clarified previously. In this study, a method was developed for the detection of peimine metabolites in vitro by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid triple quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential anti-asthma mechanism was predicted by an integrated analysis of network pharmacology and molecular docking. A total of 19 metabolites were identified with the aid of software and molecular networking. The metabolic profiles of peimine elucidated that the metabolism was a multi-pathway process with characteristics of species difference. The network pharmacology results showed that peimine and its metabolites could regulate multiple asthma-related targets. The above targets were involved in various regulatory pathways linked to asthma. Moreover, the results of molecular docking showed that both peimine and its metabolites had a certain affinity with the ß2 adrenergic receptor. The results provided not only important references to understand the metabolism and pharmacodynamic changes of peimine in vitro, but also supporting data for further pharmacological evaluation. It also provided a new perspective for clarifying the functional changes of traditional Chinese medicine in vitro.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos , Cevanas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Antiasmáticos/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 239: 113615, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567927

RESUMO

Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure can cause lung injury and a large number of respiratory diseases. Sipeimine is a steroidal alkaloid isolated from Fritillaria roylei which has been associated with anti-inflammatory, antitussive and antiasthmatic properties. In this study, we explored the potential effects of sipeimine against PM2.5-induced lung injury in Sprague Dawley rats. Sipeimine alleviated lung injury caused by PM2.5 and decreased pulmonary edema, inflammation and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. In addition, sipeimine upregulated the glutathione (GSH) expression and downregulated the expression of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), tissue iron and malondialdehyde (MDA). The downregulation of proteins involved in ferroptosis, including nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) was reversed by sipeimine. The administration of RSL3, a potent ferroptosis-triggering agent, blocked the effects of sipeimine. Using network pharmacology, we found that the effects of sipeimine were presumably mediated through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway. A PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) blocked the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and reversed the effects of sipeimine. Overall, this study suggested that the protective effect of sipeimine against PM2.5-induced lung injury was mainly mediated through the PI3K/Akt pathway, ultimately leading to a reduction in ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Cevanas , Ferroptose , Lesão Pulmonar , Material Particulado , Animais , Cevanas/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Farmacologia em Rede , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 295: 115343, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533916

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl and Fritillaria thunbergii Miq are traditional Chinese medicines that exhibit the ability to clear heat and toxic material effects. In China, the combination of these two medicines is widely used to treat mucopurulent sputum and bloody phlegm, arising due to phlegm-heat obstruction in respiratory diseases. However, very limited information is available regarding the combined anti-inflammatory effect of important effective components of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl and Fritillaria thunbergii Miq, namely peimine, peiminine, and forsythoside A. AIM OF THIS STUDY: To investigate synergistic anti-inflammatory effects of combined administration of peimine, peiminine, and forsythoside A on LPS-induced acute lung injury compared to combined administration of two compounds or individual administration, and unravel the underlying mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present study, male BALB/c mice received an oral dosage of sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC-Na) (0.5%, 1 mL/100 g), peimine, peiminine, forsythoside A, peimine + forsythoside A, peiminine + forsythoside A, and peimine + peiminine + forsythoside A (suspended in CMC-Na; 0.5%), once daily for 7 days. Subsequently, intratracheal instillation of LPS was applied to establish acute lung injury model. After 6 h of administration, the mice were sacrificed, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung tissues were collected. These samples were further used to determine lung W/D (wet/dry) weight ratio, total protein (TP) levels, inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-17), and expression of proteins involved in TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB pathway and IL-17 pathway. Further, tissue sections were subjected to H&E staining to assess the pathological alterations induced by LPS. The expression of IL-6 and TNF-α proteins in lung tissues was also analyzed using immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: A synergistic anti-inflammatory effect of peimine, peiminine, and forsythoside A was observed when administered in combination to LPS-induced acute lung injury. The combined administration of peimine, peiminine, and forsythoside A had a strongly inhibitory effects on the W/D weight ratio, total protein (TP) level and the inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, and IL-17) level in acute lung injury mice, compared to combined administration of two compounds or individual administration. The infiltration of inflammatory cells and thickened bronchoalveolar walls induced by LPS were also ameliorated through the combined administration of peimine, peiminine, and forsythoside A. More importantly, the upregulation of protein related to TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway and the activation of IL-17 were significantly suppressed by pretreatment with each of the three compounds alone, while the effects of individual compounds were synergistically augmented by the combined pretreatment of these three compounds. CONCLUSION: The combined administration of peimine, peiminine, and forsythoside A ameliorated inflammatory response in acute lung injury mice induced by LPS in a synergistic manner, the mechanism may be related to the dampening of the TLR4/MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway and IL-17 activation.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Forsythia , Fritillaria , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Cevanas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fritillaria/química , Glicosídeos , Interleucina-17 , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114670, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653522

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fritillariae thunbergii Miq (FTM)exhibit versatile biological activities including the significant antitussive and expectorant activities. As a herbal medicine, the therapeutic effects of FTM may be expressed by multi-components which have complicated integration effects on multi-targets. With the time going, the different processing methods of FTM has been changed a lot. Thus,the study described the effect of processing methods to FTM and its quality. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Studies were undertaken by using UHPLC-LTQ Orbitrap MS and pharmacodynamic models. All reagents were involved of analytical grade. While a HPLC-ELSD's method has been developed and validated, a certified Quality System is conformed to ICH requirements. The experimental animals followed the animal welfare guidelines. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to found the differences after the different processing methods of FTM, and to demonstrate the changes could be selected as quality control indicators, and established a method for simultaneous determination of these for quality control. RESULTS: we have previously found two new steroidal alkaloids: zhebeininoside and imperialine-3-ß-D-glucoside from the different processing methods of FTM, which is the difference between the different processing methods of FTM, mainly on the steroidal alkaloids. The activity analysis of zhebeininoside, imperialine-3-ß-D-glucoside, verticine and verticinone showed that the mouse model of cough expectorant has antitussive effect. The positive drug selected was dextromethorphan syrup. The positive group showed biological activity, but the blank group showed nothing. The model group showed illness which means that the model was effective. There are two ways of the mechanism of action of the expectorant action which can make sputum thin, reduce its viscosity, and be easy to cough up, or can accelerate the movement of mucous cilia in the respiratory tract and promote the discharge of sputum. In our study, the content of phenol red was significantly reduced in the administration group. CONCLUSIONS: To sum up, our results suggest that zhebeininoside and other three components cloud be selected as quality control indicators, and a method for simultaneous determination of zhebeininoside and other three components was established for quality control.


Assuntos
Antitussígenos , Cevanas , Tosse , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fritillaria , Animais , Camundongos , Amônia/toxicidade , Antitussígenos/química , Antitussígenos/normas , Antitussígenos/uso terapêutico , Cevanas/química , Tosse/induzido quimicamente , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Dextrometorfano/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fritillaria/química , Fitoterapia , Caules de Planta/química , Controle de Qualidade , Distribuição Aleatória
12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 736863, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630331

RESUMO

Osteoclasts (OCs) play an important role in osteoporosis, a disease that is mainly characterized by bone loss. In our research, we aimed to identify novel approach for regulating osteoclastogenesis and thereby treating osteoporosis. Previous studies have set a precedent for screening traditional Chinese herbal extracts for effective inhibitors. Peiminine is an alkaloid extracted from the bulb of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq that reportedly has anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects. Thus, the potential inhibitory effect of peiminine on OC differentiation was investigated via a series of experiments. According to the results, peiminine downregulated the levels of specific genes and proteins in vitro and consequently suppressed OC differentiation and function. Based on these findings, we further investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms and identified the NF-κB and ERK1/2 signaling pathways as potential targets of peiminine. In vivo, peiminine alleviated bone loss in an ovariectomized mouse model.


Assuntos
Cevanas/farmacologia , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligante RANK/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Fêmur/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Ovariectomia
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638579

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disease that can cause motor, cognitive, and behavioral disorders. The treatment strategies being developed are based on the typical pathologic features of PD, including the death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain and the accumulation of α-synuclein in neurons. Peiminine (PMN) is an extract of Fritillaria thunbergii Miq that has antioxidant and anti-neuroinflammatory effects. We used Caenorhabditis elegans and SH-SY5Y cell models of PD to evaluate the neuroprotective potential of PMN and address its corresponding mechanism of action. We found that pretreatment with PMN reduced reactive oxygen species production and DA neuron degeneration caused by exposure to 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), and therefore significantly improved the DA-mediated food-sensing behavior of 6-OHDA-exposed worms and prolonged their lifespan. PMN also diminished the accumulation of α-synuclein in transgenic worms and transfected cells. In our study of the mechanism of action, we found that PMN lessened ARTS-mediated degradation of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) by enhancing the expression of PINK1/parkin. This led to reduced 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, enhanced activity of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, and increased autophagy, which diminished the accumulation of α-synuclein. The use of small interfering RNA to down-regulate parkin reversed the benefits of PMN in the PD models. Our findings suggest PMN as a candidate compound worthy of further evaluation for the treatment of PD.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Cevanas/farmacologia , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/metabolismo , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Dopamina/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Degeneração Neural/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Substância Negra/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(20)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681946

RESUMO

Fritillaria bulbs are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat several illnesses. Peimine (Pm), an anti-inflammatory compound from Fritillaria, is known to inhibit some voltage-dependent ion channels and muscarinic receptors, but its interaction with ligand-gated ion channels remains unexplored. We have studied if Pm affects nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), since they play broad functional roles, both in the nervous system and non-neuronal tissues. Muscle-type nAChRs were incorporated to Xenopus oocytes and the action of Pm on the membrane currents elicited by ACh (IAChs) was assessed. Functional studies were combined with virtual docking and molecular dynamics assays. Co-application of ACh and Pm reversibly blocked IACh, with an IC50 in the low micromolar range. Pm inhibited nAChR by: (i) open-channel blockade, evidenced by the voltage-dependent inhibition of IAch, (ii) enhancement of nAChR desensitization, revealed by both an accelerated IACh decay and a decelerated IACh deactivation, and (iii) resting-nAChR blockade, deduced from the IACh inhibition elicited by Pm when applied before ACh superfusion. In good concordance, virtual docking and molecular dynamics assays demonstrated that Pm binds to different sites at the nAChR, mostly at the transmembrane domain. Thus, Pm from Fritillaria bulbs, considered therapeutic herbs, targets nAChRs with high affinity, which might account for its anti-inflammatory actions.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cevanas/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Receptores Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Músculos/metabolismo , Oócitos/metabolismo , Receptores Nicotínicos/genética , Xenopus laevis
15.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 129-133, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721550

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Peimine and paeoniflorin can be combined for the treatment of cough in paediatrics. The interaction during the co-administration could dramatically affect the bioavailability of drugs. OBJECTIVE: The interaction between peimine and paeoniflorin was investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacokinetics of paeoniflorin (20 mg/kg) with or without the coadministration of peimine (5 mg/kg for 10 days before paeoniflorin) was orally investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 6). The group without the peimine was set as the control group. The metabolic stability of paeoniflorin was studied in rat liver with microsomes. The effect of peimine on the absorption of paeoniflorin was investigated with Caco-2 cell monolayers. RESULTS: The Cmax (244.98 ± 10.95 vs. 139.18 ± 15.14 µg/L) and AUC(0-t) (3295.92 ± 263.02 vs. 139.18 ± 15.14 h·µg/L) of paeoniflorin was increased by peimine. The t1/2 was prolonged from 5.33 ± 1.65 to 14.21 ± 4.97 h and the clearance was decreased from 15.43 ± 1.75 to 4.12 ± 0.57 L/h/kg. Consistently, peimine increased the metabolic stability of paeoniflorin with rat liver microsomes with the increased t1/2 (56.78 ± 2.62 vs. 26.33 ± 3.15 min) and the decreased intrinsic clearance (24.42 ± 3.78 vs. 52.64 ± 4.47 µL/min/mg protein). Moreover, the transportation of paeoniflorin was also inhibited by peimine as the efflux ratio decreased from 3.06 to 1.63. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Peimine increased the systemic exposure of paeoniflorin through inhibiting the activity of CYP3A4 and P-gp. These results provide a reference for further in vivo studies in a broader population.


Assuntos
Cevanas/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/farmacocinética , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Monoterpenos/farmacocinética , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Área Sob a Curva , Células CACO-2 , Cevanas/administração & dosagem , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Interações Medicamentosas , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Masculino , Monoterpenos/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Phytochemistry ; 183: 112631, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370713

RESUMO

Fritillaria cirrhosa D. Don (Liliaceae, syn. Fritillaria roylei Hook.) is a critically endangered medicinal herb of immense importance due to its pharmaceutical bioactive compound, especially sipeimine, used for the treatment of chronic respiratory disorders. However, the industrial demand for sipeimine solely depends on its endangered natural habitat. Therefore; there is an utmost need for its biodiversity conservation as well as for the sustainable utilization of phytochemicals. Plant cell culture and transcriptomics-based molecular bioprospection of key regulatory genes involved in sipeimine biosynthesis as such will play a crucial role in exploring the unexplored traits, that are in supply crisis or nearly in extinction stage. De novo comparative transcriptome sequencing of the bulb (in vivo), callus, and regenerated plantlets (in vitro) resulted in more than 150 million high-quality paired-end clean reads that assembled into final 31,428 transcripts. Functional annotation and unigenes classification with multiple public databases such as KEGG, Refseq, Uniprot, TAIR, GO, and COG, etc. along with chemical structures and functional biocatalytic activity analysis of different steroidal alkaloids facilitated the identification of 30 unigenes specific to sipeimine biosynthesis. Additionally, ABC transporters and TFs like bHLH, MYC, MYB, and WRKY suggests their possible role in metabolite translocation and regulation in vivo as well as in vitro tissues. Differential gene expression and quantitative analysis revealed that the MVA pathway probably the predominant route for 5C intermediate (IPP & DMAPP) biosynthesis. Further, the genes involved in the downstream biosynthesis pathway viz. SQLE, CAS1, SMT1, SMO1, SMO2, SC5DL, DHCR7, DHCR24, CYP710A, 3ß-HSD, CYP90D2, and CYP374A6 shown similar expression pattern with RNA-Seq and qRT-PCR findings. The positive correlation between higher expression of proposed biosynthetic pathway genes and relatively higher accumulation of sipeimine in differentiated naturally grown bulb tissues (in vivo), undifferentiated cells (callus), and de-differentiated tissues i.e. regenerated plantlets (in vitro) has been evident from the present study. Comprehensive genomic resources created in F. cirrhosa will provide strong evidence of bulb derived in vitro culture as an alternative promising source for steroidal alkaloids biosynthesis and metabolite upscaling through genetic and metabolic engineering.


Assuntos
Fritillaria , Liliaceae , Plantas Medicinais , Cevanas , Fritillaria/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Transcriptoma
17.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(2): 148-156, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740014

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a commonly diagnosed type of cancer globally. The molecular mechanism by which peiminine suppressed the progression of CRC is not fully addressed. The viability was assessed through cell counting kit 8 assay. Colony formation assay was used to analyze the colony formation ability. The metastasis was evaluated by transwell migration and invasion assays. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to measure the expression of LINC00659 and miR-760 in CRC cells. The binding sites between miR-760 and LINC00659 were predicted by Starbase software and verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay and RNA-pull down assay. The in-vivo function of peiminine in CRC progression was confirmed by murine xenograft model. Peiminine inhibited the viability, colony formation and metastasis of CRC cells. Peiminine notably down-regulated the expression of LINC00659, while the expression of miR-760 was up-regulated by peiminine treatment. MiR-760 was a direct target of LINC00659 in CRC cells. The depletion of miR-760 attenuated the inhibitory effects of LINC00659 intervention on the viability, colony formation and metastasis of CRC cells. Peiminine restrained the progression of CRC through LINC00659 and miR-760. LINC00659 inhibited the growth of CRC tumors through LINC00659/miR-760 axis in vivo. Peiminine suppressed the development of CRC through inhibiting the viability, colony formation and metastasis of CRC cells via LINC00659/miR-760 axis. LINC00659/miR-760 axis might be an underlying target for CRC therapy.


Assuntos
Cevanas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , RNA Longo não Codificante/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Masculino , Camundongos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Regulação para Cima
18.
Xenobiotica ; 50(10): 1202-1207, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338127

RESUMO

Peimine is a major component of Fritillaria ussuriensis, which is a widely used herb in pediatric. It is very common in Chinese traditional medicine to combine with two or more herbs in the clinic. To investigate the effect of peimine on the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP450) is necessary for the clinical application of peimine.The effects of peimine on eight human liver CYP isoforms (i.e., 1A2, 3A4, 2A6, 2E1, 2D6, 2C9, 2C19 and 2C8) were investigated in vitro in human liver microsomes (HLMs) with the specific inhibitors as positive control and without peimine or inhibitors as negative control. The enzyme kinetic parameters were calculated.It was found that peimine inhibited the activity of CYP3A4, 2E1, and 2D6 in a concentration-dependent manner with the IC50 values of 13.43, 21.93, and 22.46 µM, respectively. The inhibition of CYP3A4 was performed in a non-competitive manner with the Ki value of 6.49 µM, and the inhibition of CYP2E1 and 2D6 was performed in a competitive manner with Ki values of 10.76 and 11.95 µM. Additionally, peimine inhibited the activity of CYP3A4 in a time-dependent manner with the KI/Kinact value of 6.17/0.049 min-1 µM-1.Peimine inhibited the activity of CYP3A4, 2E1, and 2D6, which indicated the potential interaction between peimine and drugs metabolized by CYP3A4, 2E1, and 2D6. Further studies are needed to verify the drug-drug interaction and the in vivo effects.


Assuntos
Cevanas/farmacologia , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/farmacologia , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo
19.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131410

RESUMO

Peimine (also known as verticine) is the major bioactive and characterized compound of Fritillariae Thunbergii Bulbus, a traditional Chinese medicine that is most frequently used to relieve a cough. Nevertheless, its molecular targets and mechanisms of action for cough are still not clear. In the present study, potential targets of peimine for cough were identified using computational target fishing combined with manual database mining. In addition, protein-protein interaction (PPI), gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using, GeneMANIA and Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) databases respectively. Finally, an interaction network of drug-targets-pathways was constructed using Cytoscape. The results identified 23 potential targets of peimine associated with cough, and suggested that MAPK1, AKT1 and PPKCB may be important targets of pemine for the treatment of cough. The functional annotations of protein targets were related to the regulation of immunological and neurological function through specific biological processes and related pathways. A visual representation of the multiple targets and pathways that form a network underlying the systematic actions of peimine was generated. In summary, peimine is predicted to exert its systemic pharmacological effects on cough by targeting a network composed of multiple proteins and pathways.


Assuntos
Cevanas/uso terapêutico , Biologia Computacional , Tosse , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Modelos Biológicos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Cevanas/química , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Tosse/genética , Tosse/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
20.
Inflammation ; 43(3): 1110-1119, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152924

RESUMO

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a kind of lung serious disease which leads to the damage of alveolar epithelial cells and capillary endothelial. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the common factors inducing ALI. The previous study has reported that the anti-inflammatory effect of peiminine, but little is known about its effect on the ALI induced by LPS. The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effect of peiminine on LPS-induced acute lung injury and potential mechanisms. Mice were given LPS through nasal cavity to establish ALI model, and then the peiminine (1, 3, or 5 mg/kg) was injected into the mice as the experimental group. In the present study, we would measure the W/D ratio, activity of MPO, the histopathological changes, and the levels of cytokines. The results showed that peiminine could reduce the W/D ratio and the MPO activity significantly. Furthermore, the histopathological changes and the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 were inhibited after the peiminine treatment. In vitro, peiminine significantly inhibited LPS-induced IL-8 production in A549 lung epithelial cells. Meanwhile, the activity of NF-κB signaling pathway was suppressed obviously by peiminine with the western blot analysis. Also, peiminine significantly attenuated LPS-induced AKT and PI3K phosphorylation. In addition, peiminine was found to disrupt lipid rafts formation by attenuating the cholesterol content. In conclusion, peiminine could attenuate LPS-induced ALI in mice and it may become a new approach to treat ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Cevanas/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Microdomínios da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Microdomínios da Membrana/metabolismo , Células A549 , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Alcaloides/uso terapêutico , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Cevanas/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
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