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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(22)2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830029

RESUMO

Cyst nematodes are important herbivorous pests in agriculture that obtain nutrients through specialized root structures termed syncytia. Syncytium initiation, development, and functioning are a research focus because syncytia are the primary interface for molecular interactions between the host plant and parasite. The small size and complex development (over approximately two weeks) of syncytia hinder precise analyses, therefore most studies have analyzed the transcriptome of infested whole-root systems or syncytia-containing root segments. Here, we describe an effective procedure to microdissect syncytia induced by Globodera rostochiensis from tomato roots and to analyze the syncytial proteome using mass spectrometry. As little as 15 mm2 of 10-µm-thick sections dissected from 30 syncytia enabled the identification of 100-200 proteins in each sample, indicating that mass-spectrometric methods currently in use achieved acceptable sensitivity for proteome profiling of microscopic samples of plant tissues (approximately 100 µg). Among the identified proteins, 48 were specifically detected in syncytia and 7 in uninfected roots. The occurrence of approximately 50% of these proteins in syncytia was not correlated with transcript abundance estimated by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR analysis. The functional categories of these proteins confirmed that protein turnover, stress responses, and intracellular trafficking are important components of the proteome dynamics of developing syncytia.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Células Gigantes/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas , Proteoma/metabolismo , Animais , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/parasitologia , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/parasitologia
2.
Zootaxa ; 5020(1): 130-140, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810417

RESUMO

As a part of the study of marine nematofauna of a sandy intertidal zone of Jeju Island (South Korea), a number of species have been proven as new for science. Here a new species representing a new genus of the family Microlaimidae (Chromadorea), Jejulaimus sinyangensis gen. n., sp. n. is described. The new monotypic genus is characterized by head set off abruptly from the body; anterior sensilla pattern 6+10, where six outer labial setiform sensilla together with four longer cephalic setiform sensilla are integrated in a common crown; pharyngostoma armed with a dorsal tooth and surrounded by convex muscular pharyngeal tissue, forming an anterior pharyngeal bulb which is distinctly set off from the rest of the pharynx; terminal pharyngeal bulb oval; ventral pore and ampulla of the excretory-secretory gland situated just posterior to the nerve ring; an only anterior testis present. The new genus bears some resemblance to the genera Bolbolaimus, Pseudomicrolaimus and Spirobolbolaimus in having an anterior pharyngeal bulb and in the position of the ventral pore of the excretory/secretory gland, but differs from them by anterior sensilla pattern 6+10, absence of subventral teeth in buccal cavity, and monorchic condition of male reproductive system.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Nematoides , Animais , Masculino , Faringe , República da Coreia , Areia
3.
Zootaxa ; 5016(4): 490-502, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810434

RESUMO

Two new species of free-living marine nematodes from the South China Sea are described: Gomphionema setiforme sp. nov. from intertidal sediment and Paracomesoma longissimum sp. nov. from upper continental slope sediment. Gomphionema setiforme sp. nov. is characterized by the punctated cuticle without lateral differentiation and cuticular pores; short cephalic setiform sensilla; spiral amphideal fovea with 4 turns close to the anterior body extremity; large cuticularized buccal cavity with a massive dorsal tooth; pharynx with a large posterior bulb; short, curved spicules; knife-like gubernaculum without apophyses and 11 cup-shaped precloacal supplements. Paracomesoma longissimum sp. nov. is characterized by cuticle with transverse rows of fine punctuations without lateral differentiation; buccal cavity with three teeth; lateral outer labial setiform sensilla 1.5 times as long as the other four outer labial setiform sensilla; spiral amphideal fovea with 2.5 turns; spicules 350360 m long or 15.716 times cloacal body diameter; plate-like gubernaculum without apophyses and 2528 papilliform precloacal supplements.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Água , Animais , China , Cromadoria
4.
Zootaxa ; 4999(3): 273-278, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810486

RESUMO

A new species of Setostephanolaimus Tchesunov, 1994, S. longiseta sp. nov. was discovered in an intertidal sand beach along the Rizhao coast of the Yellow Sea. It is characterized by its long and slender body, long cephalic setae (longer than 20 m and 16 m in males and females, respectively) and subcephalic setae, long spicules (longer than 90 m), gubernaculum with dorsal hooked apophyses, along with presence of 1012 tubular precloacal supplements in males. Updated dichotomous key for species of the genus Setostephanolaimus is also given.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Nematoides , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino
5.
Zootaxa ; 5032(1): 47-79, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811144

RESUMO

A study involving experiments on a natural Brazilian coral reef, with the aim of assessing the impacts that may be caused by an increase in sea level on benthic fauna, showed that Chromadoridae Filipjev, 1917 was the most abundant and diverse family of Nematoda. Our results also showed that Chromadora Bastian, 1865 was the most abundant and diverse genus, represented by three species: C. serrambi sp. nov., C. pernambucana sp. nov. and C. macrolaimoides Steiner, 1915. Chromadora serrambi sp. nov. is the only Chromadora species where pre-cloacal supplements are absent. Chromadora pernambucana sp. nov. is differentiated by gubernaculum shape and by three supplements, of which two are cup-shaped (small and slightly sclerotized) and a pre-cloacal papilla very close to the cloaca. Chromadora macrolaimoides is very similar to specimens described previously. Here, we propose a grouping of species based on features considered to be most relevant for species identification and present it as an illustrated guide. The diagnostic characteristics of all species were considered, and following discussions, C. micropapillata was revalidated. Finally, the most relevant diagnostic characteristics for the differentiation of Chromadora species were highlighted.


Assuntos
Recifes de Corais , Nematoides , Animais , Brasil , Cromadoria
6.
Zootaxa ; 4949(2): zootaxa.4949.2.7, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903347

RESUMO

The Kermadec Trench is the world's fifth deepest trench and extends from approximately 26 to 36°S near the northeastern tip of New Zealand's North Island. Here, we describe a new species of Aegialoalaimus, a nematode genus with unusual buccal cavity and pharynx morphology, from a site at 9540 metres water depth in Kermadec Trench, and provide the first SSU and D2-D3 of LSU sequences for Aegialoalaimus, Manganonema, Metasphaerolaimus constrictus and Daptonema amphorum. Aegialoalaimus tereticauda n. sp. is characterised by body length 755-864 µm, cephalic sensilla papilliform ( 1 µm long), excretory pore located slightly anterior to posterior bulb in males and slightly anterior to nerve ring in females, arcuate spicules 18-22 µm long, gubernaculum present, precloacal supplements absent, and cylindrical tail 58-64 µm long with rounded tip. Relationships between Aegialoalaimus and Chromadorean orders could not be elucidated based on our SSU analysis; no link could be found with the Plectida, where the Aegialoalaimidae is currently placed, or with the Isolamiida or Cylindrolaimus (Areaolaimida), which share a similar and unusual buccal and pharynx morphology. Our SSU phylogenetic analysis confirms the placement of Manganonema within the Xyalidae, although relationships with other xyalid genera remain unclear. The Sphaerolaimidae formed a clade together with the Monhysteridae, which contradicts the current classification where the Sphaerolaimidae and Xyalidae are classified together into the superfamily Sphaerolaimoidea and the Monhysteridae into the Monhysteroidea. Although limited research has been conducted on the nematode diversity in Kermadec Trench to date, the available data show that half of all invertebrate species known from the trench are nematodes, which highlights the importance of conducting further taxonomic research on this group in hadal environments.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Animais , Cromadoria/classificação , Cromadoria/fisiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Nematoides/genética , Faringe , Filogenia
7.
Zootaxa ; 4949(2): zootaxa.4949.2.8, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903348

RESUMO

A new genus of the marine Stilbonematinae (Nematoda, Desmodoridae) is described from the Pacific coast of the United States of America. The worms inhabit the sulfidic sediment among the roots of the surfgrass Phyllospadix sp. in the rocky intertidal. The ectosymbiotic coat is of a new type for Stilbonematinae. It consists of rod-shaped bacteria pointed at both poles densely attached with one pole to the host cuticle. This is the first report of this symbiotic nematode subfamily from the US West Coast.


Assuntos
Cromadoria/classificação , Animais , Cromadoria/fisiologia , Nematoides , Simbiose
8.
J Parasitol ; 107(1): 132-137, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647985

RESUMO

The Northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is a popular game bird that has been experiencing a well-documented decline throughout Texas since the 1960s. While much of this decline has been attributed to habitat loss and fragmentation, recent studies have identified other factors that may also contribute to decreasing quail populations. Parasites, in particular, have become increasingly recognized as possible stressors of quail, and some species, particularly the eyeworm (Oxyspirura petrowi) and cecal worm (Aulonocephalus pennula) are highly prevalent in Texas quails. Eyeworm infection has also been documented in some passerines, suggesting helminth infection may be shared between bird species. However, the lack of comprehensive helminth surveys has rendered the extent of shared infection between quail and passerines in the ecoregion unclear. Thus, helminth surveys were conducted on bobwhite, scaled quail (Callipepla squamata), Northern mockingbirds (Mimus polyglottos), curve-billed thrashers (Toxistoma curvirostre), and Northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis) to contribute data to existing parasitological gaps for birds in the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas. Birds were trapped across 3 counties in the Texas Rolling Plains from March to October 2019. Necropsies were conducted on 54 individuals (36 quail and 18 passerines), and extracted helminths were microscopically identified. Nematode, cestode, and acanthocephalan helminths representing at least 10 helminth species were found. Specifically, A. pennula and O. petrowi had the highest prevalence, and O. petrowi was documented in all of the study species. This research adds to the body of knowledge regarding parasitic infections in quail and passerines of the Rolling Plains ecoregion and highlights the potential consequences of shared infection of eyeworms among these bird species.


Assuntos
Doenças das Aves/parasitologia , Cromadoria/isolamento & purificação , Colinus/parasitologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Passeriformes/parasitologia , Thelazioidea/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Doenças das Aves/epidemiologia , Cromadoria/classificação , Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia , Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/veterinária , Helmintíase Animal/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Infecções por Spirurida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Texas/epidemiologia , Thelazioidea/classificação
9.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.6, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311192

RESUMO

This paper provides descriptions of two new and one known species of the genus Anaplectus De Coninck Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1933. Anaplectus sudhausi sp. nov. is characterised by leaf-shaped lips interspersed with interlabial liplets; bifid apices of the lateral lips; cheilostom with non-cuticularised walls; gymnostom with cuticularised arcuate walls; 120-132 sublateral hypodermal glands on each body side with an additional 5-8 smaller subdorsal hypodermal glands; female tail with three caudal setae; males with arcuate spicules having manubrium slightly wider than calomus or blade, last median tubulus or supplement about half the spicule length and tail terminus with a weakly cuticularised spinneret. A. labiosulcus sp. nov. is characterised by 115-123 sublateral hypodermal glands on each side of the body with those on the dorsal side usually larger than the ventrals; the 5-6 anteriormost glands are unpaired and arranged linearly; lips with cuticularised interlabial grooves; gymnostom arched, occasionally double-arched and caudal glands grouped and opening through a cuticularised spinneret. A. granulosus (Bastian, 1865) De Coninck Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1933 has been redescribed with some minor differences from previous descriptions.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , Cromadoria , Feminino , Masculino , Folhas de Planta , Cauda
10.
Zootaxa ; 4881(2): zootaxa.4881.2.10, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311321

RESUMO

Morphological descriptions of two species of the genus Theristus Bastian, 1865 belonging to group flevensis, found in the hypersaline water bodies of the Crimean Peninsula, are presented. Theristus siwaschensis sp. n. is morphologically closest to T. flevensis Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1935, T. parambronensis Timm, 1952, T. macroflevensis Gerlach, 1954, T. metaflevensis Gerlach, 1955, but differs from them by the structure of the reproductive system in females, number of cephalic setae and size of spicules. Specimens of T. flevensis found in the Lake Chersonesskoye are similar to the re-description of a large forms of T. flevensis from Chile by Murhy (1966) and Caspian Sea by Chesunov (1981). However, it differs from the Caspian Sea species by having larger amphids, longer cephalic setae and spicules. T. pratti Murph Canaris, 1964 and T. ambronensis Schulz, 1937 are synonymized with T. flevensis.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Nematoides , Animais , Mar Negro , Feminino , Água
11.
Zootaxa ; 4772(1): zootaxa.4772.1.6, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055627

RESUMO

Microlaimus sergeevae sp. n. is described and illustrated from the Crimea shelf of the Black Sea. It is characterized by the 1301-1728 µm long body; cuticle with distinct annuli; spicules 34-37 µm long, curved; gubernacular apophyses 20-25 µm long, surrounding distal end of spicules; criptocyrcular amphidial fovea 7-8 µm in diameter; cervical setae present; four submedian rows of pores spreading along the whole body length, and eight precloacal supplements in males. The new species morphologically resembles M. gerlachi Wieser 1954, M. paraborealis Allgen 1940a and M. kaurii Wieser 1954, but differs from them by the length of cephalic setae, size of the body, presence of cervical setae, shape of the gubernacular apophyses, eight tubular precloacal supplements and submedian rows of pores spreading along the whole body length. M. sergeevae sp. n. differs from M. gerlachi by having a smaller amphidial fovea, shorter spicules and gubernacular apophyses. The new species differs from M. paraborealis by having larger value of c. It differs from M. kaurii by having longer spicules and larger values of c and b.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , Mar Negro , Cromadoria , Masculino
12.
Zootaxa ; 4858(4): zootaxa.4858.4.3, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056212

RESUMO

Sets of small ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) and large ribosomal DNA (LSU rDNA) sequences were obtained for Philometroides moraveci Vismanis Yunchis, 1994, Philometra kotlani (Molnár, 1969), Philometra rischta Skrjabin, 1923, Philometra cf. obturans (Prenant, 1886) (Philometridae), Sinoichthyonema amuri (Garkavi, 1972), Agrachanus scardinii (Molnár, 1966), Kalmanmolnaria intestinalis (Dogiel Bychowsky, 1934) and Skrjabillanus tincae Shigin Shigina, 1958 (Skrjabillanidae). Phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA data shows that dracunculoid nematodes are divided into two well-supported clades designated as Clade I and Clade II, respectively. Clade I includes the type species of the genus Philonema Kuitunen-Ekbaum, 1933, some species from the family Daniconematidae Moravec Køie, 1987 and two subfamilies of skrjabillanids, Skrjabillaninae Shigin Shigina, 1958 and Esocineminae Moravec, 2006. Clade II unites species from the families Dracunculidae Stiles, 1907, Micropleuridae Baylis Daubney, 1926 and Philometridae Baylis Daubney, 1926. Within the Philometridae, there are several well-supported groups of species, one of which unites freshwater Philometra spp. from the Palearctic cyprinids, identified as P. kotlani, P rischta, P. ovata (Zeder, 1803) and P. cyprinirutili (Creplin, 1825). However, the phylogenetic relationships of most philometrids are unresolved. An analysis of partial SSU and LSU rDNA sequences indicates that there is no direct phylogenetic relationship between Agrachanus Tikhomirova, 1971 (type species Skrjabillanus scardinii Molnár, 1966) and Skrjabillanus Shigin Shigina, 1958 (type species Sk. tincae), which means that the genus Agrachanus can be resurrected. Our study confirms that Philonematinae Ivashkin, Sobolev Khromova, 1971 should be elevated to the family rank. We formally establish the family Philonematidae Ivashkin, Sobolev Khromova, 1971 stat. nov. We also suggest combining the superfamilies Dracunculoidea Stiles, 1907 and Camallanoidea Railliet Henry, 1915 into the infraorder Camallanomorpha Roberts, Janovy Nadler, 2013.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea , Rabditídios , Spirurina , Animais , Cromadoria , Água Doce , Filogenia
13.
Zootaxa ; 4763(3): zootaxa.4763.3.2, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056853

RESUMO

A new free-living marine nematode of the family Xyalidae is described from Armação Beach, northeastern Brazil, and the genus Pseudosteineria is reviewed. Pseudosteineria longisetis sp. n. is characterized by having six groups of long subcephalic setae, amphids situated slightly anterior to the groups of subcephalic setae or at the level of the first subcephalic setae, long somatic setae located posteriorly to subcephalic setae and distributed along the body, one papiliform precloacal supplement, and gubernaculum with dorso-caudal apophysis. An emended diagnosis of the genus, an updated list of species and dichotomous identification key, and a pictorial key are given. A comparative table including the main characters of all Pseudosteineria species is also provided.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Nematoides , Animais , Brasil
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12710, 2020 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728104

RESUMO

Plant-parasitic nematodes pose a significant threat to agriculture causing annual yield losses worth more than 100 billion US$. Nematode control often involves the use of nematicides, but many of them including non-selective fumigants have been phased out, particularly due to ecotoxicological concerns. Thus new control strategies are urgently needed. Spirotetramat (SPT) is used as phloem-mobile systemic insecticide targeting acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) of pest insects and mites upon foliar application. However, in nematodes the mode of action of SPT and its effect on their development have not been studied so far. Our studies revealed that SPT known to be activated in planta to SPT-enol acts as a developmental inhibitor of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the plant-parasitic nematode Heterodera schachtii. Exposure to SPT-enol leads to larval arrest and disruption of the life cycle. Furthermore, SPT-enol inhibits nematode ACC activity, affects storage lipids and fatty acid composition. Silencing of H. schachtii ACC by RNAi induced similar phenotypes and thus mimics the effects of SPT-enol, supporting the conclusion that SPT-enol acts on nematodes by inhibiting ACC. Our studies demonstrated that the inhibition of de novo lipid biosynthesis by interfering with nematode ACC is a new nematicidal mode of action addressed by SPT, a well-known systemic insecticide for sucking pest control.


Assuntos
Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/genética , Antinematódeos/farmacologia , Compostos Aza/farmacologia , Cromadoria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Cromadoria/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromadoria/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Helminto/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida/efeitos dos fármacos , Tylenchoidea/efeitos dos fármacos , Tylenchoidea/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tylenchoidea/metabolismo
15.
Zootaxa ; 4755(3): zootaxa.4755.3.3, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230168

RESUMO

The family Sphaerolaimidae Filipjev, 1918 combines nematodes characterized by finely striated cuticle, round amphids, broad buccal cavity with longitudinal ribs, and females with one anterior ovary. Sphaerolaimus Bastian, 1865 species from this family are found in intertidal and subtidal sediments and have also been reported from mangroves and estuary. Three new species of Sphaerolaimus were found and described from the South China Sea. Sphaerolaimus callisto sp. nov. is characterized by the relatively long body, small amphids and long spicules. Sphaerolaimus callisto sp. nov. is similar to S. cuneatus Paramonov, 1929, but differs by the longer body (2350-2690 µm vs 1980-1990 µm), index b (5.1-5.6 vs 3.9-4.1), absence of precolacal supplements, and longer spicules (321-356 µm vs 270 µm). Sphaerolaimus ganymede sp. nov. is characterized by large amphids and the presence of sexual dimorphism in amphid size. Sphaerolaimus ganymede sp. nov. is close to Sphaerolaimus maeoticus Filipjev, 1922, but differs by the presence of lateral alae, indexes a (12.3-17.5 vs 20-27) and c (7.9 vs 9-10), bigger amphids in male (14.6-15.7 µm vs 11 µm). Sphaerolaimus io sp. nov. is characterized by small amphids and short apophyses of gubernaculum. Sphaerolaimus io sp. nov. is similar to Sphaerolaimus pacificus Allgen, 1947, but differs by bigger size (1480-1525 µm vs 1140 µm), presence of lateral alae, and index c (7.5-8 µm vs 14.3 µm). After critical evaluation of the genus we recognize 35 valid species and provide dichotomous and pictorial keys to species.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , China , Cromadoria , Feminino , Masculino , Boca
16.
Zootaxa ; 4732(2): zootaxa.4732.2.7, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230264

RESUMO

Two nematode species isolated from sediments of the littoral zone of the South China Sea on the coast of Vietnam are described and illustrated. Microlaimus capitatus sp. n. is closely related to M. affinis Gerlach, 1958 and M. amphidius Kamran et al., 2009, but differs by having a thin, poorly developed pharyngostom, more posterior vulva and presence of terminal setae on the tail. The female of Dichromadora simplex Timm, 1961 is described and illustrated for the first time.


Assuntos
Cromadoria , Nematoides , Animais , Feminino , Vietnã
17.
Zootaxa ; 4722(4): zootaxa.4722.4.6, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230618

RESUMO

Polkepsilonema arabicensis sp. n. is discovered from the coralline sand of Lakshadweep island, located off the south-western coast of India. The species differs from other congeners by its unique combination of characters: presence of fine spines along the body curvatures, 5-6 rows of bisinuous ambulatory setae, male with two clusters of ventral copulatory thorns and 14 subcephalic sensilla. The novel species is the fourth discovery of the genus and first record from the coastal areas of Indian subcontinent. A key to species level is provided.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , Cromadoria , Índia , Masculino
18.
Zootaxa ; 4722(1): zootaxa.4722.1.1, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230635

RESUMO

Free-living marine nematodes of continental shelf of Portugal were studied through the goals of the Marine Biodiversity Information System Project (M@rbis 2015). Four species unknown to science and belonging to the families Axonolaimidae, Chromadoridae, Desmodoridae and Xyalidae are described. Besides Hypodontolaimus golikovy, Hypodontolaimus portuguese sp. n. is the only species in this genus which lacks precloacal supplements and gubernaculum but differs from the former mainly in cephalic setae length and amphidial fovea features. Metachromadora aliusa sp. n. doesn't have a unique diagnostic character, differing in many aspects from the other species of the genus instead, mainly teeth number in the buccal cavity, size of the cephalic setae and the amphidial fovea, velum presence in the spicules, number and shape of the precloacal supplements. The main character of Odontophora sinapophysis sp. n. is the absence of apophysis in the gubernaculum. Stylotheristus multipapillatus sp. n. is characterized by the presence of precloacal supplements (papilliform) and the gubernaculum formed by only a piece.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , Cromadoria , Portugal
19.
Zootaxa ; 4695(2): zootaxa.4695.2.10, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719361

RESUMO

A new free-living marine nematode species from marine sediments in the East China Sea, is described here as Perspiria boucheri sp. nov. The new species is characterized by amphideal fovea surrounded partially by body annulations; four cephalic setae stout; conical buccal cavity with a minute dorsal tooth and two ventrosublateral teeth; pharynx with a pyriform terminal bulb; tail elongated, conical with 3/4 posterior cylindrical portion which having distinct coarse annulations; spicules strongly curved with narrow ventral velum, handle-shaped proximally; gubernaculum canoe-shaped, without apophysis. The new species differs from the most similar species Perspiria striaticaudata (Timm, 1962) by strongly curved spicules with handle-shaped proximal end, gubernaculum without dorsal apophysis and relatively shorter tail. Updated key to all species of Perspiria is provided.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , China , Cromadoria
20.
Zootaxa ; 4691(1): zootaxa.4691.1.5, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719415

RESUMO

A new species of free-living marine nematode is described from Itapuã beach, northeast of Brazil. Pomponema veronicae sp. n. differs from other species of Pomponema by having buccal cavity with large pointed dorsal tooth, two subventral teeth and pairs of denticles, gubernaculum with two L-shaped lateral plates and having a membrane at its distal end that connects to L-shaped plate, and presence of a ventral orifice at distal end of L-shaped plates. It also differs from other species in the size of spicules and gubernaculum. The new species is considered most closely related to Parapomponema species because of the L-shaped lateral plates of gubernaculum, but the taxonomic status of Parapomponema was reviewed and Parapomponema and Propomponema are now synonymized with Pomponema. Pomponema cyatholaimoides is considered as a species inquirendum and Pomponema carinatum is accepted as Pomponema loticum. An updated identification key to species of Pomponema is included.


Assuntos
Nematoides , Animais , Brasil , Cromadoria
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