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2.
Sci Total Environ ; 925: 171718, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490407

RESUMO

Non-native species can lead to severe impacts on invaded ecosystems, including the decline of ecosystem function through deleterious impacts on species diversity. The successful establishment of non-native species in new environments is the first barrier a species must overcome, ultimately depending on its ability to either cope with or adapt to local site-specific conditions. Despite the widespread distribution and ecological consequences of many freshwater invaders, site-specific and climatic preferences are often unknown. This is also the case of the Eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki, a global invader considered as a pervasive threat to endemic species. Here, we determined the ecological features and preferred site-specific conditions of G. holbrooki in Türkiye, which spans a wide range of diverse biogeographically distinct ecosystems by surveying populations from 130 localities in 2016 and 2017. Gambusia holbrooki were detected by hand-net in 48 of these sites (19 lotic, 29 lentic). It showed a preference for shallow waters with medium sized rocks, and abundances differed spatially across a latitudinal gradient and was influenced predominantly by variations in pH. The only other factors predicting its presence were low current velocities and gravel substrate, highlighting its ecological versatility in utilising a wide range of microhabitats. Bioclimatic models suggest that G. holbrooki is found in areas with a wide average annual temperature ranging from 10 to 20 °C, but with temperature not being a limiting factor to its invasion. Gambusia holbrooki shows a preference for xeric freshwater ecosystems and endorheic basins, as well as temperate coastal rivers, temperate upland rivers, temperate floodplain rivers and wetlands, and tropical and subtropical coastal rivers. These results, particularly the wide occurrence with only few limiting factors, emphasise the invasion potential of mosquitofish and should substantiate the need for localised invasive species management and conservation efforts, particularly in smaller or insular areas where mosquitofish and endemic fish species co-exist.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Ecossistema , Animais , Espécies Introduzidas , Rios , Água Doce
4.
Aquat Toxicol ; 268: 106854, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309221

RESUMO

The interactions between estrogen and androgen in aquatic animals remain largely unknown. In this study, two generations (F0 and F1) of western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) were continuously exposed to 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2, 10 ng/L), methyltestosterone (MT, 10 ng/L (MTL); 50 ng/L (MTH)), and mixtures (EE2+MTL and EE2+MTH). Various endpoints, including sex ratio (phenotypic and genetic), secondary sex characteristics, gonadal histology, and transcriptional profile of genes, were examined. The results showed that G. affinis exposed to MTH and EE2+MTH had a > 89.7 % of phenotypic males in F1 generation, with 34.5 and 50.0 % of these males originated from genetic females, respectively. Moreover, females from F0 and F1 generations exposed to MTH and EE2+MTH exhibited masculinized anal fins and skeletons. The combined effect of MT and EE2 on most endpoints was dependent on MT. Furthermore, significant transcriptional alterations in certain target genes were observed in both the F0 and F1 generations by EE2 and MT alone and by mixtures, showing some degree of interactions. These findings that the effects of EE2+MTH were primarily on the phenotypic sex of G. affinis in offspring generation suggest that G. affinis under chronic exposure to the binary mixture contaminated water could have sex-biased populations.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Etinilestradiol/toxicidade , Metiltestosterona/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Estrogênios , Ciprinodontiformes/genética
5.
Dis Model Mech ; 17(1)2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299666

RESUMO

Platyfish and swordtails of the genus Xiphophorus provide a well-established model for melanoma research and have become well known for this feature. Recently, modelling approaches for other human diseases in Xiphophorus have been developed or are emerging. This Review provides a comprehensive summary of these models and discusses how findings from basic biological and molecular studies and their translation to medical research demonstrate that Xiphophorus models have face, construct and predictive validity for studying a broad array of human diseases. These models can thus improve our understanding of disease mechanisms to benefit patients.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Melanoma , Animais , Humanos
6.
Tissue Cell ; 87: 102306, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237385

RESUMO

This study aimed to provide a comprehensive analysis of the histological structure of intestinal tissues of platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus) and swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri). Specifically, the objectives were: (1) to compare the structural adaptations of their intestines related to their distinct feeding habits, diet, and digestive strategies; and (2) to explore their potential as animal models for intestinal disease research. Through detailed examination of tissue morphology, cell types, and structural features, this study found that both species lack a stomach, with the intestine directly connected to the esophagus. Additionally, this study proposes a new division of the intestine into anterior and posterior segments based on distinct histological characteristics. The anterior segment may be adapted for temporary food storage and digestion and was characterized by elongated epithelial cells and thin intestinal folds. In contrast, the posterior segment displayed shorter villi and higher concentrations of goblet cells. This study is the first to describe in detail the intestinal morphology of platyfish and swordtail fish. These findings contribute significantly to the understanding of the comparative anatomy and physiology of these fish species, highlighting their potential as valuable models for intestinal biology research.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Intestinos , Animais , Dieta
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043639

RESUMO

Amphibious fishes on land encounter higher oxygen (O2) availability and novel energetic demands, which impacts metabolism. Previous work on the amphibious mangrove killifish (Kryptolebias marmoratus) has shown that cortisol becomes elevated in response to air exposure, suggesting a possible role in regulating metabolism as fish move into terrestrial environments. We tested the hypothesis that cortisol is the mechanism by which oxidative processes are upregulated during the transition to land in amphibious fishes. We used two groups of fish, treated fish (+metyrapone, a cortisol synthesis inhibitor) and control (-metyrapone), to determine the impact of cortisol during air exposure (0 and 1 h, 7 days) on O2 consumption, terrestrial locomotion, the phenotype of red skeletal muscle, and muscle lipid concentration. Metyrapone-treated fish had an attenuated elevation in O2 consumption rate during the water to air transition and an immediate reduction in terrestrial exercise performance relative to control fish. In contrast, we found no short- (0 h) or long-term (7 days) differences between treatments in the oxidative phenotype of red muscles, nor in muscle lipid concentrations. Our results suggest that cortisol stimulates the necessary increase in aerobic metabolism needed to fuel the physiological changes that amphibious fishes undergo during the acclimation to air, although further studies are required to determine specific mechanisms of cortisol regulation.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Peixes Listrados , Animais , Ciprinodontiformes/fisiologia , Hidrocortisona/farmacologia , Metirapona/farmacologia , Oxigênio , Lipídeos
8.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 190: 107965, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37977500

RESUMO

Poeciliids (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae), commonly known as livebearers, are popular fishes in the aquarium trade (e.g., guppies, mollies, swordtails) that are widely distributed in the Americas, with 274 valid species in 27 genera. This group has undergone various taxonomic changes recently, spurred by investigations using traditional genetic markers. Here we used over 1,000 ultraconserved loci to infer the relationships within Poeciliidae in the first attempt at understanding their diversification based on genome-scale data. We explore gene tree discordance and investigate potential incongruence between concatenation and coalescent inference methods. Our aim is to examine the influence of incomplete lineage sorting and reticulate evolution on the poeciliids' evolutionary history and how these factors contribute to the observed gene tree discordace. Our concatenated and coalescent phylogenomic inferences recovered four major clades within Poeciliidae. Most supra-generic level relationships we inferred were congruent with previous molecular studies, but we found some disagreements; the Middle American taxa Phallichthys and Poecilia (Mollienesia) were recovered as non-monophyletic, and unlike other recent molecular studies, we recovered Brachyrhaphis as monophyletic. Our study is the first to provide signatures of reticulate evolution in Poeciliidae at the family level; however, continued finer-scale investigations are needed to understand the complex evolutionary history of the family along with a much-needed taxonomic re-evaluation.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Poecilia , Animais , Filogenia , Ciprinodontiformes/genética , Poecilia/genética , Genoma , Marcadores Genéticos
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 168693, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38008334

RESUMO

Gestodene (GES) is a common synthetic progesterone frequently detected in aquatic environments. Chronic exposure to GES can cause masculinization of a variety of fish; however, whether metabolism is closely related to the masculinization has yet to be explored. Hence, the ovary metabolome of adult female western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) after exposing to GES (0.0, 5.0, 50.0, and 500.0 ng/L) for 40 days was analyzed by using high-performance liquid chromatography ionization with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF-MS). The results showed that GES increased the levels of cysteine, taurine, ophthalmic acid and cAMP while decreased methionine, these metabolites changes may owing to the oxidative stress of the ovaries; while taurcholic acid and uric acid were decreased along with induced oocyte apopotosis. Steroids hormone metabolism was also significantly affected, with progesterone and cortisol being the most affected. Enzyme-linked immunoassay results showed that estradiol levels were decreased while testosterone levels were increased with GES exposure. In addition, correlation analysis showed that the differential metabolites of some amino acids (e.g. leucine) were strongly correlated with the levels of steroids hormones secreted by the pituitary gland. The results of this study suggest that GES affects ovarian metabolism via the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes, impair antioxidant capacity, induce apoptosis in the ovary of G. affinis, and finally caused masculinization.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Norpregnenos , Ovário , Animais , Feminino , Progesterona/metabolismo , Esteroides/metabolismo , Ciprinodontiformes/metabolismo
11.
Rev. biol. trop ; 71(1): e54253, dic. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550724

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Tlaloc hildebrandi is a freshwater killifish, endemic to Southern Mexico and under threat of extinction; the knowledge of the trophic morphology and diet is needed by conservation managers. Objective: To analyse and describe the anatomy of the visceral skeleton, visceral musculature, digestive tract and its adjoining glands of T. hildebrandi; as well as its diet. Methods: We performed the trophic anatomy on 20 adult specimens of both sexes, through manual dissection; as well as gut content analysis in 60 individuals to describe the diet. Results: As notable characters of the visceral skeleton of T. hildebrandi we found the posterior notch of the premaxillary, the presence of the "coronoid cartilage", the tricuspid shape of the gill rakers of the first branchial arch, and the presence of the coronomeckelian bone; some outstanding characters of the visceral musculature are the origin of the retractor dorsalis muscle from the first four vertebral centra, and the division of the pharyngoclavicularis externus muscle into two sections. The notable characters of the digestive tube are the absence of stomach and pyloric caeca, and the presence of the "intestinal valve". Insects (IVI = 66.6 %) and ostracods (13 % IVI) were the dominant prey items of the Tlaloc hildebrandi diet; larvae and adults of the family Chironomidae were the most dominant insects in the diet (53 % IVI). Conclusions: The organization of the digestive system of T. hildebrandi corresponds to the general morphologic pattern of the Cyprinodontiformes; however, we register as new information for these fish, the presence of the "coronoid cartilage" and the "intestinal valve". The structures of the trophic morphology and the components of the diet, confirms us that T. hildebrandi is a carnivorous-insectivorous fish.


Resumen Introducción: Tlaloc hildebrandi es un killi de agua dulce, endémico del sur de México y bajo amenaza de extinción; el conocimiento de la morfología trófica y la dieta son necesarios para los administradores de la conservación. Objetivo: Analizar y describir la anatomía del esqueleto visceral, la musculatura visceral, el tracto digestivo y las glándulas adyacentes de T. hildebrandi; así como los componentes de su dieta. Métodos: Mediante la técnica del descarnado manual, realizamos la descripción de la anatomía trófica en 20 especímenes adultos de ambos sexos, y el análisis del contenido estomacal en 60 individuos para describir la dieta. Resultados: Como caracteres sobresalientes del esqueleto visceral de T. hildebrandi está la escotadura posterior del premaxilar, la presencia del "cartílago coronoides", la forma tricúspide de las branquiespinas del primer arco branquial y la presencia del hueso coronomeckeliano; como caracteres de la musculatura visceral sobresalen el origen del músculo retractor dorsalis de los cuatro primeros centros vertebrales, y la división del músculo pharyngoclavicularis externus en dos secciones. Los caracteres notables del tubo digestivo son la ausencia de estómago y de ciegos pilóricos y la presencia de la "válvula intestinal". Los insectos (IVI = 66.6 %) y ostrácodos (13 % IVI) fueron los componentes dominantes de la dieta de T. hildebrandi; particularmente las larvas y adultos de la familia Chironomidae fueron los insectos más abundantes en la dieta (53 % IVI). Conclusiones: La organización del sistema digestivo de T. hildebrandi corresponde al patrón morfológico general de los Cyprinodontiformes, sin embargo, se registra como nueva información para estos peces, la presencia del cartílago coronoides y la válvula intestinal. Las estructuras de la morfología trófica y los componentes de la dieta nos confirman que T. hildebrandi es un pez carnívoro-insectívoro.


Assuntos
Animais , Ciprinodontiformes/anatomia & histologia , Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , México
12.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 104: 104313, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37972914

RESUMO

When silica nanoparticles (SiNP) reach the water bodies interact with the already existing pollutants in the environments. This study aimed to evaluate the ecotoxicity of SiNP under the presence/absence of Cu in mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki). Fish were exposed to 0, 10 and 100 mg SiNP L-1, alone or mixed with Cu (0.25 mg L-1). After 96 h, the amount of colony forming units (CFU) of bacteria living on the skin mucus was analysed, and oxidative stress, tissue damage enzymes, and neurotoxicity were evaluated. We observed a reduction in CFU when Cu was present in the media. The liver was the target organ, evidencing a decrease in tissue damage enzymatic activities, activation of the antioxidant system in all treatments, and lipid oxidative damage when the SiNP and Cu were mixed. Overall, SiNP ecotoxicity was proved, which could also be enhanced by the presence of ubiquitous elements such as metals.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Cobre/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes , Ciprinodontiformes/fisiologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
13.
Genome Biol Evol ; 15(11)2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37949830

RESUMO

The blackstripe livebearer Poeciliopsis prolifica is a live-bearing fish belonging to the family Poeciliidae with high level of postfertilization maternal investment (matrotrophy). This viviparous matrotrophic species has evolved a structure similarly to the mammalian placenta. Placentas have independently evolved multiple times in Poeciliidae from nonplacental ancestors, which provide an opportunity to study the placental evolution. However, there is a lack of high-quality reference genomes for the placental species in Poeciliidae. In this study, we present a 674 Mb assembly of P. prolifica in 504 contigs with excellent continuity (contig N50 7.7 Mb) and completeness (97.2% Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs [BUSCO] completeness score, including 92.6% single-copy and 4.6% duplicated BUSCO score). A total of 27,227 protein-coding genes were annotated from the merged datasets based on bioinformatic prediction, RNA sequencing and homology evidence. Phylogenomic analyses revealed that P. prolifica diverged from the guppy (Poecilia reticulata) ∼19 Ma. Our research provides the necessary resources and the genomic toolkit for investigating the genetic underpinning of placentation.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Poecilia , Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Placenta , Ciprinodontiformes/genética , Poecilia/genética , Filogenia , Genoma , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mamíferos/genética
14.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 95(4): e20200668, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37991102

RESUMO

During a search for parasites in fishes from Iguazu River, Argentina, a nymph of pentastomid was found encysted on mesenteries of Phalloceros harpagos. The 28S rDNA and COI mt-DNA were used to compare with the sequences deposited in the GenBank. Pentastomid nymphs belong to the subfamily Diesingiinae (Sebekidae) for having chloride cell pores distributed in a single row per annulus; also, the hooks and rows of spines of our material differ to other genera. Present specimens are most likely Diesingia sp., having 63-74 annuli, a U shaped oral cadre with fibers closing anteriorly and a peg like extension of the oral cadre. The 28S rDNA analysis places our samples into a sister group of Alofia sp., but the COI mt-DNA situate them on the base of the clade. In conclusion, our pentastomid positively belongs to Diesingia sp., however, indisputable assignation requires a reliable description of the nymph, or the availability of sequences linking nymphs and adults, which even could provide evidence of a new hitherto undescribed genus. Aditionally, the systematic position of Sebekia oxycephala previously described by P. harpagos is discussed on the basis of our results, allowing us to suggest a re-assignation of such specimens to the genus Diesingia.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Pentastomídeos , Animais , Pentastomídeos/genética , Ninfa , Argentina , Filogenia , Ciprinodontiformes/genética , Ciprinodontiformes/parasitologia , DNA Ribossômico/genética
15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 267: 115630, 2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37890255

RESUMO

Progestins are mainly used in pharmacotherapy and animal husbandry and have received increasing attention as they are widely detected in various aquatic ecosystems. In this study, adult female western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) were exposed to different concentrations of norethindrone (NET) (solvent control, 5.0 (L), 50.0 (M), and 500.0 (H) ng/L) for 42 days. Behaviors, morphological parameters, histology of the thyroid, thyroid hormone levels (TSH, T3, and T4), and transcriptional levels of nine genes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis were examined. The results showed that NET decreased sociality but increased the anxiety of G. affinis. Sociality makes fish tend to cluster, and anxiety may cause G. affinis to reduce exploration of new environments. Female fish showed hyperplasia, hypertrophy, and glial depletion in their thyroid follicular epithelial cells after NET treatment. The plasma levels of TSH and T4 were significantly reduced, but T3 concentrations were significantly increased in the fish from the H group. In addition, the transcripts of genes (tshb, tshr, tg, dio1, dio2, thrb) in the brains of fish in the M and H treatments were significantly stimulated, while those of trh and pax2a were suppressed. Our results suggest that NET may impact key social behaviors in G. affinis and interfere with the entire thyroid endocrine system, probably via affecting the transcriptional expression of upstream regulators in the HPT axis.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Glândula Tireoide , Feminino , Animais , Noretindrona , Ecossistema , Ciprinodontiformes/genética , Tireotropina
16.
Mol Biol Evol ; 40(10)2023 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37789509

RESUMO

The transition from oviparity to viviparity has occurred independently over 150 times across vertebrates, presenting one of the most compelling cases of phenotypic convergence. However, whether the repeated, independent evolution of viviparity is driven by redeployment of similar genetic mechanisms and whether these leave a common signature in genomic divergence remains largely unknown. Although recent investigations into the evolution of viviparity have demonstrated striking similarity among the genes and molecular pathways involved across disparate vertebrate groups, quantitative tests for genome-wide convergent have provided ambivalent answers. Here, we investigate the potential role of molecular convergence during independent transitions to viviparity across an order of ray-finned freshwater fish (Cyprinodontiformes). We assembled de novo genomes and utilized publicly available genomes of viviparous and oviparous species to test for molecular convergence across both coding and noncoding regions. We found no evidence for an excess of molecular convergence in amino acid substitutions and in rates of sequence divergence, implying independent genetic changes are associated with these transitions. However, both statistical power and biological confounds could constrain our ability to detect significant correlated evolution. We therefore identified candidate genes with potential signatures of molecular convergence in viviparous Cyprinodontiformes lineages. Motif enrichment and gene ontology analyses suggest transcriptional changes associated with early morphogenesis, brain development, and immunity occurred alongside the evolution of viviparity. Overall, however, our findings indicate that independent transitions to viviparity in these fish are not strongly associated with an excess of molecular convergence, but a few genes show convincing evidence of convergent evolution.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Lagartos , Animais , Filogenia , Viviparidade não Mamífera/genética , Lagartos/genética , Genômica , Ciprinodontiformes/genética , Evolução Biológica
17.
J Fish Biol ; 103(6): 1501-1514, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37661806

RESUMO

Using African annual killifishes of the genus Nothobranchius from temporary savannah pools with rapid karyotype and sex chromosome evolution, we analysed the chromosomal distribution of telomeric (TTAGGG)n repeat and Nfu-SatC satellite DNA (satDNA; isolated from Nothobranchius furzeri) in 15 species across the Nothobranchius killifish phylogeny, and with Fundulosoma thierryi as an out-group. Our fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments revealed that all analysed taxa share the presence of Nfu-SatC repeat but with diverse organization and distribution on chromosomes. Nfu-SatC landscape was similar in conspecific populations of Nothobranchius guentheri and Nothobranchius melanospilus but slightly-to-moderately differed between populations of Nothobranchius pienaari, and between closely related Nothobranchius kuhntae and Nothobranchius orthonotus. Inter-individual variability in Nfu-SatC patterns was found in N. orthonotus and Nothobranchius krysanovi. We revealed mostly no sex-linked patterns of studied repetitive DNA distribution. Only in Nothobranchius brieni, possessing multiple sex chromosomes, Nfu-SatC repeat occupied a substantial portion of the neo-Y chromosome, similarly as formerly found in the XY sex chromosome system of turquoise killifish N. furzeri and its sister species Nothobranchius kadleci-representatives not closely related to N. brieni. All studied species further shared patterns of expected telomeric repeats at the ends of all chromosomes and no additional interstitial telomeric sites. In summary, we revealed (i) the presence of conserved satDNA class in Nothobranchius clades (a rare pattern among ray-finned fishes); (ii) independent trajectories of Nothobranchius sex chromosome differentiation, with recurrent and convergent accumulation of Nfu-SatC on the Y chromosome in some species; and (iii) genus-wide shared tendency to loss of telomeric repeats during interchromosomal rearrangements. Collectively, our findings advance our understanding of genome structure, mechanisms of karyotype reshuffling, and sex chromosome differentiation in Nothobranchius killifishes from the genus-wide perspective.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , DNA Satélite , Animais , DNA Satélite/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariótipo
18.
Aquat Toxicol ; 262: 106663, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37598521

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) has been shown to cause various toxicities in predatory species (i.e., fish and birds) in Se-contaminated aquatic environments. However, trophic transfer of Se from abiotic environments to freshwater fish has been relatively less addressed. In this study, 2-month-old mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) were fed Se-enriched oligochaete (Lumbriculus variegatus, exposed to different concentrations of Se(IV) at 0.0, 3.0, 10.0, and 30.0 µg/g dry weight for 7 days) for 45 days. Tissue distribution, Se speciation, and effects on the antioxidant physiology in G. affinis were assessed. The results showed Se was rapidly accumulated in the oligochaete, with 6.30 ± 1.20, 16.20 ± 2.10, and 34.50 ± 2.40 µg/g dw of total Se levels in the worms exposed to 3.0, 10.0, and 30.0 µg/g of Se(IV), respectively. Total Se levels were increased in a dose-dependent manner in fish tissues and Se(IV) from sediments was maternally transferred to the fish embryos. Se-Met-and Se-Cys-were the predominant Se species in the worm and fish tissues, accounting for a minimum of 91.01% of the total Se. Furthermore, increased lipid peroxidation and altered the activities of antioxidant enzymes and levels of GSH were noticed in G. affinis fed the Se-enriched L. variegatus. This study has demonstrated that Se(IV) is transferred from an abiotic vector to freshwater organisms, disturbing the antioxidant physiology in G. affinis and potentially their offspring. This study highlights the importance of dietary exposure on the accumulation and toxicity of Se in aquatic organisms.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Selênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Selênio/toxicidade , Antioxidantes , Distribuição Tecidual , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
19.
J Morphol ; 284(9): e21630, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37585233

RESUMO

In viviparous teleosts, intraovarian gestation occurs intrafollicularly, as in poeciliids, or intraluminally, as in goodeids and anablepids. Furthermore, there are two different forms of embryonic nutrition: lecithotrophy and matrotrophy; depending on the species, these can be exclusive or coexist during gestation. In matrotrophic species, nutrients are transmitted from the mother to the embryo and are especially important in species with intraluminal gestation. Jenynsia lineata is a South American viviparous teleost with intraluminal gestation, characterized by eggs with scarce yolk, which is resorbed when embryos are 6 mm long, thus developing a branchial placenta. Using histological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical techniques, the present study describes the characteristics and changes of the ovarian mucosa in J. lineata during gestational and nongestational phases, and analyzes the embryonic pharyngeal epithelium in the branchial placenta. The ovaries of 30 adult female specimens were processed using histological techniques and stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome, and Alcian Blue pH 2.5/periodic acid Schiff reagent. To detect cell proliferation, we used antiproliferating cell nuclear antigen antibody. In nonpregnant females, eosinophilic granular cells (EGCs) and lymphocytes were identified in the lamina propria of the tunica mucosa, and melanomacrophage centers (MMCs) and fibroblasts were identified adjacent to tissue debris in the ovarian folds'. In the cellular debris, an embryo in resorption was observed. In pregnant females, the ovarian mucosa has thin vascularization branches entering the opercular chamber of the embryos, in close contact with the forming gill processes, thereby establishing a branchial placenta. Active cell replacement was observed in these ovarian branches. The identification of fibroblasts, lymphocytes, EGCs, and MMCs adjacent to tissue debris could indicate that these cell types are involved in the embryonic resorption process. Considering the new data obtained in this study on the branchial placenta of J. lineata, we conclude that cell proliferation could be involved in the development of maternal-embryonic interaction.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Ovário , Feminino , Animais , Gravidez , Placenta , Núcleo Celular , Proliferação de Células
20.
Chemosphere ; 340: 139895, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37604345

RESUMO

Ibuprofen (IBP) is an anti-inflammatory drug found in aquatic environments, potentially toxic for the biota. We exposed the test fish C. decemmaculatus to two environmentally relevant concentrations (50 and 100 µg IBP/L) for 4 and 12 d and evaluated the effect on some biomarkers. Micronucleus test, nuclear abnormality test and comet assay indicated cyto-genotoxicity at both concentrations and exposure periods. Oxidative stress and biochemical biomarkers were not affected, excepting muscle AChE activity for 4 d. Muscle metabolic biomarkers showed significant decrease in ETS, lipid and protein content, while carbohydrate content was not affected. The CEA index increased at the lower IBP concentration for 4 and 12 d, possibly due to changes in body energy reserves. A full-factorial GLM performed to assess the effects of IBP and exposure times showed that the metabolic and genotoxicity biomarkers were the most sensitive to IBP toxicity, mainly at 50 µg IBP/L for 4 d.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes , Ibuprofeno , Animais , Ibuprofeno/toxicidade , Biota , Ensaio Cometa , Dano ao DNA
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