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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13431, 2024 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862633

RESUMO

Until recently, the identification of the species of origin for skin and fur materials used in the production of archaeological clothing has been based on the analysis of macro- and microscopic morphological features and on the traditional knowledge of Indigenous groups. This approach, however, is not always applicable due to the deterioration of the archaeological objects. Paleoproteomics was used as an alternative approach to identify the species of origin of fifteen samples of various tissues from approximately 600-year-old garments found in Nuulliit, northern Greenland. Proteomics revealed that a limited group of marine and terrestrial mammals were used for clothing production. The results obtained from the analysis of multiple types of clothing and elements, such as sinew thread and gut skin, suggest that their applications were based on their properties. When conclusive assignment of a sample to a species via proteomics was not possible, the observation by transmitted light microscopy of feather and hair micromorphology, if not affected by diagenesis, was used to improve the identification. The proteomic characterization of animal materials used for clothing production in the Nuulliit archaeological context provides an insight into the practical knowledge and the strategies adopted by the local Indigenous community to exploit natural resources.


Assuntos
Arqueologia , Vestuário , Proteômica , Pele , Groenlândia , Arqueologia/métodos , Proteômica/métodos , Animais , Pele/química , Vestuário/história , Humanos
2.
Neural Netw ; 176: 106353, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733796

RESUMO

Garment transfer can wear the garment of the model image onto the personal image. As garment transfer leverages wild and cheap garment input, it has attracted tremendous attention in the community and has a huge commercial potential. Since the ground truth of garment transfer is almost unavailable in reality, previous studies have treated garment transfer as either pose transfer or garment-pose disentanglement, and trained garment transfer in self-supervised learning, However, these implementation methods do not cover garment transfer intentions completely and face the robustness issue in the testing phase. Notably, virtual try-on technology has exhibited superior performance using self-supervised learning, we propose to supervise the garment transfer training via knowledge distillation from virtual try-on. Specifically, the overall pipeline is first to infer a garment transfer parsing, and to use it to guide downstream warping and inpainting tasks. The transfer parsing reasoning model learns the response and feature knowledge from the try-on parsing reasoning model and absorbs the hard knowledge from the ground truth. The progressive flow warping model learns the content knowledge from virtual try-on for a reasonable and precise garment warping. To enhance transfer realism, we propose an arm regrowth task to infer exposed skin. Experiments demonstrate that our method has state-of-the-art performance in transferring garments between persons compared with other virtual try-on and garment transfer methods.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Transferência de Experiência , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado , Conhecimento
3.
J Med Syst ; 48(1): 57, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801649

RESUMO

Wearable electronics are increasingly common and useful as health monitoring devices, many of which feature the ability to record a single-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). However, recording the ECG commonly requires the user to touch the device to complete the lead circuit, which prevents continuous data acquisition. An alternative approach to enable continuous monitoring without user initiation is to embed the leads in a garment. This study assessed ECG data obtained from the YouCare device (a novel sensorized garment) via comparison with a conventional Holter monitor. A cohort of thirty patients (age range: 20-82 years; 16 females and 14 males) were enrolled and monitored for twenty-four hours with both the YouCare device and a Holter monitor. ECG data from both devices were qualitatively assessed by a panel of three expert cardiologists and quantitatively analyzed using specialized software. Patients also responded to a survey about the comfort of the YouCare device as compared to the Holter monitor. The YouCare device was assessed to have 70% of its ECG signals as "Good", 12% as "Acceptable", and 18% as "Not Readable". The R-wave, independently recorded by the YouCare device and Holter monitor, were synchronized within measurement error during 99.4% of cardiac cycles. In addition, patients found the YouCare device more comfortable than the Holter monitor (comfortable 22 vs. 5 and uncomfortable 1 vs. 18, respectively). Therefore, the quality of ECG data collected from the garment-based device was comparable to a Holter monitor when the signal was sufficiently acquired, and the garment was also comfortable.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Adulto Jovem , Vestuário , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador/instrumentação
4.
Waste Manag ; 183: 74-86, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728770

RESUMO

The increasing volume of garment waste underscores the need for advanced sorting and recycling strategies. As a critical procedure in the secondary usage of waste clothes, qualitative classification of garments categorizes post-consumer clothes based on types and styles. However, this process currently relies on manual labor, which is inefficient, labor-intensive, and poses risks to workers. Despite efforts to implement automatic clothes classification systems, challenges persist due to visual complexities such as similar colors, deformations, and occlusions. In response to these challenges, this study introduces an enhanced intelligent machine vision system with attention mechanisms designed to automate the laborious and skill-demanding task of garment classification. Initially, a waste garment dataset comprising approximately 27,000 garments was curated using a self-developed automatic classification platform. Subsequently, the proposed attention method parameters were selected, and a series of benchmarks were conducted against state-of-the-art methods. Finally, the proposed system underwent a two-week online deployment to evaluate its running stability and sensitivity to similar colors, deformation, and occlusion in industrial production settings. The benchmarks indicate that the proposed method significantly improves classification accuracy across various models. The visualization interpretation of Grad-CAM reveals that the proposed method effectively handles complex environments by directing its focus toward garment-related pixels. Notably, the proposed system elevates classification accuracy from 68.28 % to human-level performance (>90 %) while ensuring greater running stability. This advancement holds promise for automating the classification process and potentially alleviating workers from labor-intensive and hazardous tasks associated with clothes recycling.


Assuntos
Reciclagem , Têxteis , Reciclagem/métodos , Vestuário , Gerenciamento de Resíduos/métodos , Inteligência Artificial , Resíduos de Alimentos
5.
BMC Emerg Med ; 24(1): 90, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38816683

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: External bleeding is the leading cause of preventable trauma-related death. In certain circumstances, tourniquet application over clothing may be necessary. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of tourniquets over different clothing setups. METHODS: Three windlass tourniquets (CAT, SAMXT, SOFTT-W) were applied over nine different clothing setups and without clothing on the Hapmed™ Tourniquet Trainer. We compared each tourniquet in each clothing setup to the tourniquet trainer that was not dressed, and we compared the three tourniquets within each clothing setup concerning blood loss, applied pressure and application time. Regression analysis of the effect of thickness, mean weight, mean deformation, application time, and applied pressure on blood loss was performed. RESULTS: Although blood loss was significantly greater in the CAT and SAMXT tourniquets when they were applied over leather motorcycle trousers, the overall findings showed that the clothing setups significantly reduced or did not affect blood loss. The mean blood loss was the lowest with CAT and the highest with SOFTT-W. The measured mean pressures were lower than 180 mmHg in four out of nine clothing setups with SOFTT-W, but CAT and SAMXT always exceeded this threshold. CAT had the fastest application time. Blood loss was significantly influenced by applied pressure and application time but was influenced to a far lesser degree by clothing parameters. CONCLUSION: The effects of the clothing setups were of little clinical relevance, except for leather motorcycle trousers. The effects of rugged protective equipment, e.g., hazard suits, are conceivable and need to be tested for specific garments with the tourniquet intended for use. No clothing parameter for predicting tourniquet effectiveness could be identified.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Hemorragia , Torniquetes , Humanos , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia/terapia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Desenho de Equipamento
6.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0304578, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38820452

RESUMO

The study explores the strategic pricing and quality improvement decisions under uncertain demand in a three-layer textile and garment supply chain. According to whether the fabric manufacturer (FM) invests in quality or not and whether the garment manufacturer (GM) or garment retailer (GR) is willing to share the costs or not, five game models are constructed to investigate the impact of different members' cost sharing on the optimal decisions and profits. By conducting a theoretical and numerical analysis, we find that: (1) The GM's or GR's cost sharing plays a positive effect on the quality improvement, as for whose cost sharing performs better in improving the quality depending on the proportion of cost sharing, and the quality improvement is highest with both members share the costs simultaneously. (2) The FM receives the highest profit when both members share the costs simultaneously, however, whose cost sharing is more profitable for the FM is also related to the proportion of cost sharing; in short, the FM always benefits from the cost sharing, no matter one member does this or two members do this. (3) The GM (GR) gains the highest profit when only the GR (GM) shares the costs, and the results indicate that if one member has shared the costs, whether the other member engaging in cost sharing could benefit the former depending on their proportions. Specifically, when the GM (GR) chooses to share the costs and the proportion is relatively low, the GR(GM) joining in cost sharing is beneficial to the former; otherwise, is harmful.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Melhoria de Qualidade , Têxteis , Têxteis/economia , Vestuário/economia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Incerteza , Humanos , Indústria Têxtil/economia , Modelos Econômicos
8.
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Socks are mainly used to give the foot more comfort while wearing shoes. Stitch density of the knitted fabric used in socks can significantly affect the sock properties because it is one of the most important fabric structural factors influencing the mechanical properties. Continuous plantar pressures can cause serious damage, particularly under the metatarsal heads, and it is deduced that using socks redistributes and reduces peak plantar pressures. If peak pressure under the metatarsal heads is predicted, then it will be possible to produce socks with the best mechanical properties to reduce the pressure in these critical areas. METHODS: Plain knitted socks with three different stitch lengths (high, medium, and low) were produced. Static plantar pressure measurements by the Gaitview system were accomplished on ten women and then compared with the barefoot situation. Also, the peak plantar pressure of three types of socks under the metatarsal heads are theoretically predicted using the Hertz contact theory. RESULTS: Experimental results indicate that all socks redistribute the plantar pressure from high to low plantar pressure regions compared with barefoot. In particular, socks with high stitch length have the best performance. By increasing the stitch length, we can significantly reduce the peak plantar pressure of the socks. Correspondingly, the Hertz contact theory resulted in a trend of mean peak pressure reductions in the forefoot region similar to the socks with different stitch densities. CONCLUSIONS: The theoretical results show that by using the Hertz contact theory, static plantar pressure in the forefoot region can be well predicted at a mean error of approximately 9% compared with the other experimental findings.


Assuntos
, Pressão , Humanos , Feminino , Pé/fisiologia , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vestuário , Sapatos , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 49(1): 295-301, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643750

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The effect of clothing on the recording of blood pressure in a normotensive and hypertensive population remains essential to diagnosing and managing. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study to measure blood pressure using a validated oscillometric sphygmomanometer in two populations. The records were made over the thicker sleeve arm and non-sleeved arm (either on bare arm or indicating the removal of the outermost garment). Clothing was categorized according to how patients attended the outpatient clinic based on the real world. RESULTS: A total of 75 patients were included with a diagnosis of hypertension whose mean age was 67.1 years (SD ± 16.3). The group of normotension included 63 patients whose mean age was 21.1 years (SD ± 2.2). There was not variability related to technique or inherent to the condition of the subject on the first and second measurements of blood pressure. In the comparative analysis, the group with normotension did not report a significant difference in systolic or diastolic blood pressure due to the effect of clothing during the first or second measurement (p > 0.05). In the group with hypertension, a significant difference was observed in the first measurement, between the group over-the-sleeve and non-sleeved arm (systolic blood pressure, p: 0.021 and diastolic, p: 0.001). However, when the variable order of measurement was analyzed by randomizing the initial registry with or without clothing was not found a statistical difference. CONCLUSION: Clothing does not a significant difference in the measure of blood pressure in a normotensive or hypertensive population.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Pressão Sanguínea , Vestuário , Hipertensão , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem
11.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 108: 104457, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677495

RESUMO

Phthalate esters (PAEs) are widely used as plasticizers to enhance the flexibility and durability of different consumer products, including clothing. However, concerns have been raised about the potential adverse health effects associated with the presence of phthalates in textiles, such as endocrine disruption, reproductive toxicity and potential carcinogenicity. Based on examination of more than 120 published articles, this paper presents a comprehensive review of studies concerning the phthalate content in clothing and other textile products, with special emphasis on those conducted in the last decade (2014-2023). The types and role of PAEs as plasticizers, the relevant legislation in different countries (emphasizing the importance of monitoring PAE levels in clothing to protect consumer health) and the analytical methods used for PAE determination are critically evaluated. The review also discusses the models used to evaluate exposure to PAEs and the associated health risks. Finally, the study limitations and challenges related to determining the phthalate contents of textile products are considered.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Ésteres , Ácidos Ftálicos , Plastificantes , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade , Humanos , Plastificantes/análise , Plastificantes/toxicidade , Ésteres/análise , Têxteis/análise , Animais
12.
J Appl Biomech ; 40(3): 217-231, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580303

RESUMO

No studies have reported ground reaction force (GRF) profiles of the repeated depth jump (DJ) protocols commonly used to study exercise-induced muscle damage. Furthermore, while compression garments (CG) may accelerate recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage, any effects on the repeated bout effect are unknown. Therefore, we investigated the GRF profiles of 2 repeated bouts of damage-inducing DJs and the effects of wearing CG for recovery. Nonresistance-trained males randomly received CG (n = 9) or placebo (n = 8) for 72 hours recovery, following 20 × 20 m sprints and 10 × 10 DJs from 0.6 m. Exercise was repeated after 14 days. Using a 3-way (set × bout × group) design, changes in GRF were assessed with analysis of variance and statistical parametric mapping. Jump height, reactive strength, peak, and mean propulsive forces declined between sets (P < .001). Vertical stiffness, contact time, force at zero velocity, and propulsive duration increased (P < .05). According to statistical parametric mapping, braking (17%-25% of the movement) and propulsive forces (58%-81%) declined (P < .05). During the repeated bout, peak propulsive force and duration increased (P < .05), while mean propulsive force (P < .05) and GRF from 59% to 73% declined (P < .001). A repeated bout of DJs differed in propulsive GRF, without changes to the eccentric phase, or effects from CG.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Adulto , Vestuário , Exercício Físico/fisiologia
13.
Lymphat Res Biol ; 22(2): 138-146, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563697

RESUMO

Purpose: Genital lymphedema is a chronic debilitating condition associated with highly impaired health-related quality of life (QoL). This prospective multicenter study evaluated the use of a new compressive garment in patients with secondary and primary genital lymphedema. Methods: Thirty-two patients prospectively enrolled were advised to wear the compressive garment for 12 weeks (day and night). The primary endpoint was change in patient-reported QoL at 12 weeks via the patient global impression of change (PGI-C) instrument. Secondary outcomes included change in other QoL measures at 12 weeks (visual analog scale, Lymphedema Quality of Life Inventory [LyQLI], and EQ-5D questionnaires), lymphedema severity (genital lymphedema score [GLS]), and physician assessment (Clinical Global Impression-Improvement [CGI-I]). Safety and tolerability were also assessed. Results: After 12 weeks, improvement was reported in 78.6% of patients (PGI-C). Physician assessment (CGI-I) indicated clinical improvement in 82.8% of patients. Patient assessment of lymphedema symptoms showed a significant decrease in discomfort (p = 0.02) and swelling (p = 0.01). Significant declines in the mean global GLS (p < 0.0001), and in the proportion of patients reporting heaviness, tightness, swelling, or urinary dysfunction (p < 0.05 for all), were also observed. LyQLI scores decreased (indicating improved QoL) in each of the physical, psychosocial (p = 0.05), and practical domains. The compressive garment was well tolerated with high compliance, and adverse events (due to swelling or discomfort) led to permanent discontinuation in only three patients. Conclusion: The use of a new genital compression garment over 12 weeks improves the QoL and clinical measures in patients with genital lymphedema (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04602559; Registration: October 20, 2020).


Assuntos
Linfedema , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Vestuário , Genitália , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Prosthet Orthot Int ; 48(2): 213-222, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonsurgical guidelines recommend implementing a correctly fitted bra when managing back pain among larger breasted women. Achieving this is challenging with current bra solutions, sizing principles, and fitting approaches. Persistent wearing of an ill-fitting bra can cause negative health implications, including non-specific back pain. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated immediate and short-term biomechanical and pain responses to changing breast support garment among larger breasted women with non-specific back pain. METHODS: Participants (n = 24) performed a standing task, drop jumps, and seated typing tasks while bra and spinal kinematic data were recorded. Five breast support conditions were assessed: participants' usual bra (control), a professionally fitted bra in the immediate term (standard) and after 4 weeks wear (standard28), and a bra with an alternative design, measurement, and fitting approach in both the immediate term (alternative) and after 4 weeks wear (alternative28). A bra fit assessment and clinical pain/disability questionnaires were included. RESULTS: All participants failed the bra fit assessment in the control bra, compared with 87.5% (n = 21) in the standard and 4.2% (n = 1) in the alternative bras. The standard28 and alternative28 bras provided symptomatic relief, with the alternative28 bra improving a greater number of outcome measures. Reduced nipple-sternal-notch distance was observed only in the alternative28 bra condition. CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic relief may be associated with the resting position of the breast tissue on the anterior chest wall. The alternative bra may provide potential clinical benefit if implemented as part of a nonsurgical or conservative pain management strategy. Alternative breast support garments should be considered to provide solutions to the problems associated with traditional bras.


Assuntos
Mama , Vestuário , Feminino , Humanos , Mama/fisiologia , Dor nas Costas/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
15.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(3)2024 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540435

RESUMO

Considering the growing importance of microbiome analyses in forensics for identifying individuals, this study explores the transfer of the skin microbiome onto clothing, its persistence on fabrics over time, and its transferability from the environment and between different garments. Furthermore, this project compares three specific QIAGEN microbiome extraction kits to test their extraction efficiency on fabric samples. Additionally, this study aims to check if these extracts contain human DNA, providing a chance to obtain more information from the same evidence for personal identification. The results obtained show: (1) variations in the skin microbiome between the volunteers, potentially due to their different sex; (2) differences in microbial composition between worn and unworn clothing; (3) the influence of the environment on the microbial signature of unworn clothing; (4) the potential use of certain phyla as biomarkers to differentiate between worn and unworn garments, even over extended periods; (5) a tendency towards extraction biases in the QIAampMP® DNA microbiome kit among the three tested ones; and (6) none of the extraction kits allow for the typing of human genetic profiles suitable for comparison. In conclusion, our study offers supplementary insights into the potential utility of time-transferred microbiome analysis on garments for forensic applications.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Microbiota , Humanos , Pele , DNA Ribossômico , Microbiota/genética
16.
J Travel Med ; 31(4)2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of clothing colour on the biting rates of different vector mosquito species is not well understood. Studies under tropical field conditions are lacking. This study aimed to determine the influence of clothing colours on mosquito biting rates in rural and suburban settings in West Africa. METHODS: We performed a simulated field study in a suburban and a rural site in Mali using Mosquito-Magnet traps utilizing CO2 and other attractants, which were covered with black, white, and black/white striped textile sheets covers. These targets operated continuously for 10 consecutive days with bright nights (around full moon) and 10 consecutive days with dark nights (around new moon). Trapped mosquitoes were collected and catch rates counted hourly. Mosquitoes were morphologically identified to the species complex level (Anopheles gambiae s.l. and Culex pipiens s.l.) or species level (Aedes aegypti). A subset of Anopheles specimens were further identified by molecular methods. RESULTS: Under bright-night conditions, An. gambiae s.l. was significantly more attracted to black targets than to white and striped targets; during dark nights, no target preference was noted. During bright nights, Cx. pipiens s.l. was significantly more attracted to black and striped targets than to white targets; a similar trend was noted during dark nights (not significant). For day-active Ae. aegypti, striped targets were more attractive than the other targets and black were more attractive than white targets. CONCLUSIONS: The study firstly demonstrated that under field conditions in Mali, West Africa, mosquito catch rates were influenced by different clothing colours, depending on mosquito species and light conditions. Overall, light colours were least attractive to host-seeking mosquitoes. Using white or other light-coloured clothing can potentially reduce bite exposure and risk of disease transmission in endemic tropical regions.


Assuntos
Anopheles , Cor , Mosquitos Vetores , Animais , Mali , Mosquitos Vetores/fisiologia , Humanos , Anopheles/fisiologia , Culex/fisiologia , Vestuário , Têxteis , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/prevenção & controle , Controle de Mosquitos/métodos , Comportamento Alimentar , Aedes/fisiologia , Culicidae/fisiologia
17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 334: 122040, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553237

RESUMO

Integrating flexible triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) into firefighting clothing offers exciting opportunities for wearable portable electronics in personal protective technology. However, it is still a grand challenge to produce eco-friendly TENGs from biodegradable and low-cost natural polymers for mechanical-energy harvesting and self-powered sensing. Herein, conductive polypyrrole (PPy) and natural chitosan (CS)/phytic acid (PA) tribonegative materials were employed onto the Lycra fabric (LC) in turn to assemble the biodegradable and flame-retardant single-electrode mode LC/PPy/CS/PA TENG (abbreviated as LPCP-TENG). The resultant LPCP-TENG exhibits truly wearable breathability (1378.6 mm/s), elasticity (breaking elongation 291 %), and shape adaptivity performance that can produce an open circuit voltage of 0.3 V with 2 N contact pressure at a working frequency of 5 Hz with a limiting oxygen index of 35.2 %. Furthermore, facile monitoring for human motion of firefighters on fireground is verified by LPCP-TENG when used as self-powered flexible tactile sensor. In addition, degradation experiments have shown that waste LPCP-TENG can be fully degraded in soil within 120 days. This work broadens the applicational range of wearable TENG to reduce the environmental effects of abandoned TENG, exhibiting prosperous applications prospects in the field of wearable power source and self-powered motion detection sensor for personal protection application on fireground.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Retardadores de Chama , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Celulose , Polímeros , Pirróis , Ácido Fítico , Vestuário
18.
J Wound Care ; 33(3): 171-179, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to formulate a numerical approach (finite element modelling (FEM)) to calculate pressure values generated by compression garments on a compressible limb analogue, and to validate the numerical approach using experimental measurements. Existing models were also compared. METHOD: Experimentally measured pressure values and deformation caused by compression bands on a compressible human limb analogue were compared with values predicted using the Young-Laplace equation, a previously formulated analytical model and the FEM. RESULTS: The FEM provided greater accuracy in predicting the pressure generated by compression bands compared to existing models. The FEM also predicted deformation of the limb analogue with good agreement relative to experimental values. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that modelling the non-uniform manner in which the way a limb analogue is compressed should be incorporated into future modelling of the pressures generated by compression garments on a compressible limb analogue. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Humanos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Pressão
19.
Environ Pollut ; 348: 123806, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493865

RESUMO

The release of microfibres from fabrics during laundering represents an important source of plastic and natural microfibres to aquatic environments. Garment age - how long the garment has been used - could be a key factor influencing the rate of release, yet most studies of microfibre shedding have only assessed newly manufactured products. To this end, we quantified microfibre release during laundering in domestic washing machines from polyester (PES) and cotton garments (n = 38) used in real-life conditions for periods between 1 and 31 years with different use intensities. In addition, to better understand the factors involved in microfibre releases, fibre composition (different PES percentages) and type of garments (T-shirts, polo shirts, uniforms, sports shirts, and sweatshirts) were examined. All garments released microfibres during washing, while the older garments presented higher releases for clothing with a PES/cotton blend. In general, older garments (15-31 years) released nearly twice as many fibres when washed than newer garments (1-10 years). The mass of microfibres released was consistently greater in garments with a higher proportion of cotton than PES (up to 1.774 mg g-1 in 2% PES and 0.366 mg g-1 in 100% PES fabrics), suggesting that cotton might be released more readily such that the relative proportion of PES in the garments could increase over time. Additionally, SEM images showed fibre damage, with fibres from the older garments exhibiting more peeling and splitting. While it is important to note that the overall environmental footprint is undoubtedly reduced by keeping garments in use for longer periods of time, older garments were shown to release more microfibres.


Assuntos
Lavanderia , Poliésteres , Têxteis , Lavanderia/métodos , Vestuário
20.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299434, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507350

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the needs and wants of older adults in the context of movement-assistive clothing (MSC), with a focus on muscle strength and posture correction. A survey was conducted to understand the needs and wants of older adults, considering aspects of functions and designs, and to evaluate the comfort, safety, ease of use, usefulness, and intention of users to purchase and use products. A total of 408 individuals aged > 65 years participated in the study. The data were analyzed using descriptive analyses, such as mean, standard deviation, percentages, Cronbach's alpha, chi-square test, independent t-test, analysis of variance, and regression using IBM SPSS 27.0. Exploratory Factor Analysis was also conducted to test the hypotheses. Open-ended questions were extracted using major themes after color-coding. Based on the results, design recommendations were derived, including the development of pants and innerwear with casual, minimalist styles, featuring achromatic colors, and utilizing stretchy, breathable fabrics. Comfort, safety, ease of use, and usefulness emerged as critical factors influencing the purchase and use of MSC by older adults. This study aimed to establish design guidelines by understanding the needs and wants of older adults and considering the aspects of movement-assistive clothing to relieve musculoskeletal issues. Accordingly, these findings are expected to aid in the creation of wearable suits using flexible fabric artificial muscles for active musculoskeletal correction in older adults.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Assistiva , Humanos , Idoso , Intenção , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vestuário
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