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1.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs ; 49(1): 60-68, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35040815

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine ostomy complications and health-related quality of life (QOL) in individuals with an ostomy who wear an ostomy support belt/garment. DESIGN: A mixed-methods descriptive study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Two hundred two community-living adults with an ostomy were recruited using an industry distribution list. The target sample had no geographic restrictions. METHODS: Descriptive analysis was conducted for all outcomes. Participants were separated into groups depending on type of ostomy belt or belt/garment worn or none. All categorical data were summarized using percentages and numerical data using mean ± standard deviation. Association between categorical factors was evaluated using a χ2 test and proportions of occurrences from 2 groups were compared using a 2-proportion z-test. The mean outcomes for 2 or more groups were compared using t tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA), respectively. If ANOVA showed difference among groups, post hoc analysis of group means was conducted using Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) test. RESULTS: Two hundred two respondents completed the survey. Of the 174 participants who responded to the survey question on leakage, 157 (90%) reported experiencing leakage and 135 (77.59%) reported rash or skin irritation. Comparison of whether participants had ever experienced a leakage event was not significantly different across groups (P = .3663). Those who wore an ostomy support belt/garment reported leakage less often (less than once a month) versus respondents who wore other types of belts or no belt (n = 49, 73.13% vs n = 53, 59.55%; P = .0388). Of the 174 participants who responded to the peristomal skin question, 135 (77.59%) participants reported peristomal skin complications. Significantly fewer participants who wore an ostomy support belt/garment reported having peristomal skin irritation compared to those who wore other types of belts or no belt (69.01% vs 84.16%; P = .0080). The mean cumulative total City of Hope Quality of Life (COH QOL) Ostomy score for all participants was 6.45 ± 1.36 out of 10, with the psychosocial domain scoring the lowest at 5.67 ± 1.30 out of 10. No significant differences were observed in mean QOL domain and total scores by those who wore an ostomy support belt/garment, other type of belt/garment, and none. When comparing COH QOL mean scores and leakage frequency of more/less once a month, those who reported leakage more often had significantly worse QOL scores in all 4 domains as well as total scores: physical (P = .0008), psychological (P = .0154), social (P = .0056), spiritual (P = .0376), and total COH QOL score (P = .0018). CONCLUSION: This study provides important information related to ostomy complications and QOL associated with wearing an ostomy belt or belt/garment. The use of an ostomy support belt/garment may offer an additional intervention to decrease frequency of leakage and peristomal skin irritation and improve QOL.


Assuntos
Estomia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Vestuário , Humanos , Internet , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34949013

RESUMO

Personal safety and fear of sexual harassment may discourage women from participating at work and in public life, limiting their life opportunities. The study proposed to determine personal safety and fear of sexual harassment among female garment workers in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 201 female garment workers from Dhaka and Chittagong cities. Participants were selected using snowballing sampling techniques with the data collected by using anonymised questionnaires. The Pearson product-moment correlation and analysis of variance were employed using SPSS version 27.0. Results showed that 25% of the participants perceived that they were most likely to be sexually harassed by their manager and 25% never felt safe going to work. Age and the marital status of the participants were significantly associated with personal safety and fear of sexual harassment (p < 0.05). The correlation analysis found a significant positive correlation between personal safety and the fear of sexual harassment [r (201) = 0.85 **, p < 0.05], among the participants. A deep commitment from leadership with cooperation at all levels of the organisations is required to address these acts of violence and organisational conditions, rather than a form of unreflective compliance or a 'gender-neutral' approach that fails to recognise individual needs and maintain gender inequality.


Assuntos
Assédio Sexual , Bangladesh , Vestuário , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Trials ; 22(1): 902, 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34895292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects 10 to 20% of children and between 2 and 15% of the adults in Western Europe. Since 2000, therapeutic clothing or functional textiles based on silver or chitosan as antibacterial agents were introduced for AD. These agents aim to reduce skin colonization with Staphylococcus (S.) aureus. Increased colonization with S. aureus is correlated with increased AD severity. The antimicrobial effects of silver and chitosan have been demonstrated before. At this point, there is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of antibacterial therapeutic clothing in patients with AD. METHODS: This is a pragmatic randomized controlled double-blind multi-center trial comparing the effectiveness of antibacterial therapeutic clothing based on silver or chitosan as compared with non-antibacterial therapeutic clothing in patients with moderate to severe AD. A total of 165 participants, aged 0 to 80, diagnosed with moderate to severe AD are included. The study is performed in the Erasmus MC University Medical Center, University Medical Center Groningen, University Medical Center Utrecht, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, and St. Antonius Hospital Nieuwegein. Patients will be randomized 1:1:1 into one of the three intervention groups: group A will receive therapeutic clothing without antimicrobial agents, group B will receive microbial growth reducing therapeutic clothing based on chitosan, and group C will receive antimicrobial clothing based on silver. All therapeutic clothing is to be worn at night during the 12-month intervention period. Usual care is continued. The primary objective is to assess the effectiveness of antibacterial clothing (silver and chitosan group) as compared to non-antibacterial clothing assessed with the Eczema Area and Severity Index at 12 months compared to baseline. Secondary outcomes include between-group differences in physician- and patient-reported outcome measures, topical therapy use, S. aureus skin colonization, and safety. Data will be collected at baseline and after 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. A cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed. DISCUSSION: This trial will provide data on the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and safety of antibacterial therapeutic clothing for patients with AD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04297215. Registered on 5 March 2020.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Dermatite Atópica , Adulto , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Quitosana/efeitos adversos , Vestuário , Dermatite Atópica/diagnóstico , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Prata/efeitos adversos , Staphylococcus aureus
4.
Trials ; 22(1): 825, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While there is strong evidence that bite protection methods such as permethrin-treated clothing and topical insect repellents are protective against insect bites, there are few studies assessing the impact on malaria infection. This study will estimate the protective efficacy of treated uniforms and DEET insect repellent on the incidence of malaria infection among military personnel in an operational setting. Permethrin-treated uniforms used with DEET lotion will be compared to etofenprox-treated uniforms with DEET lotion. The effect of DEET lotion will be estimated by comparing permethrin-treated uniforms with DEET or placebo lotion. METHOD: A cluster randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial is planned to evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions on preventing malaria infections in soldiers on active duty at Mgambo National Service Camp in Tanga, Tanzania. The arms are (1) permethrin-treated uniform with 30% DEET liposome formula; (2) permethrin-treated uniform with placebo lotion; (3) candidate insect repellent system, i.e. etofenprox-treated uniform with 30% DEET liposome formula; and (4) placebo, i.e. untreated uniforms with placebo lotion. The primary outcome is the incidence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by active case detection using surveys every 2 weeks for 12 months. Rapid diagnostic tests will be used for the diagnosis of participants with symptoms. The unit of randomisation will be combania: companies formed by recruits aged 18 to 25 years; combania do activities together and sleep in the same dormitory. Unequal randomisation will be used to optimise statistical power for the primary comparison between permethrin-treated uniforms with DEET and etofenprox-treated uniforms with DEET. DISCUSSION: This trial will provide the estimate of the effects of permethrin with DEET compared to those of the new fabric treatment etofenprox with DEET and any additional effect of using DEET. The results will inform strategies to protect military personnel and civilians who have more outdoor or occupational malaria exposure than the general public. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02938975 .


Assuntos
Repelentes de Insetos , Inseticidas , Malária , Militares , Adolescente , Adulto , Vestuário , DEET , Humanos , Incidência , Malária/diagnóstico , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/prevenção & controle , Permetrina , Roupa de Proteção , Piretrinas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Tanzânia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770679

RESUMO

Wireless power transfer (WPT) technologies have been adopted by many products. The capability of charging multiple devices and the design flexibility of charging coils make WPT a good solution for charging smart garments. The use of an embroidered receiver (RX) coil makes the smart garment more breathable and comfortable than using a flexible printed circuit board (FPCB). In order to charge smart garments as part of normal daily routines, two types of wireless-charging systems operating at 400 kHz have been designed. The one-to-one hanger system is desired to have a constant charging current despite misalignment so that users do not need to pay much attention when they hang the garment. For the one-to-multiple-drawer system, the power delivery ability must not change with multiple garments. Additionally, the system should be able to charge folded garments in most of the folding scenarios. This paper analyses the two WPT systems for charging smart garments and provides design approaches to meet the abovementioned goals. The wireless-charging hanger is able to charge a smart garment over a coupling variance kmaxkmin=2 with only 21% charging current variation. The wireless-charging drawer is able to charge a smart garment with at least 20 mA under most folding scenarios and three garments with stable power delivery ability.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Tecnologia sem Fio , Vestuário
6.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 68(6): 91-98, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839495

RESUMO

The advance of information technology has led to the significant diversification of scholarly publishing. Over the past decade, the popularity of open access in scholarly publishing has led to an unintended rise in the number of predatory journals and the growth in predatory open access (POA) publishing practices. The main goal of POA publishing is to profit from article processing charges, and thus little or no attention is given to proper peer review or to editorial / publishing standards. Most articles published in predatory journals are tainted by examples of academic ethics violations such as falsification, deception, and fraud. Moreover, the risk of citation contamination is high, as articles published in POA publications may be cited and referenced in the legitimate scientific literature, with consequences including confounding subsequent research, negatively influencing public policies, and hindering social progress and public health. However, most nurses in Taiwan remain unfamiliar with this issue. This article provides a brief review of the open access movement and insights regarding how to assess the credentials of journals and publishers before submitting manuscripts to avoid predatory journals, promote academic integrity, and contribute to the sustainable development of the nursing profession.


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Lobos , Acesso à Informação , Animais , Vestuário , Humanos , Editoração , Ovinos
7.
Hum Nat ; 32(4): 706-728, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643886

RESUMO

Thermoregulation is often thought to be a key motivating factor behind the origins of clothing. Less attention has been given, however, to the production and use of clothing across traditional societies in contexts outside of thermoregulatory needs. Here I investigate the use of disguises, modesty coverings, and body armor among the 10 hunter-gatherer societies in the Probability Sample Files (PSF) within the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) World Cultures database, with a particular focus on disguise cases and how they compare with strategies of deception across other taxa. The employment of disguises-defined as altering one's appearance for purposes of deceiving conspecifics or other animals-is noted for eight of the 10 societies, with their use occurring in contexts of hunting, religious or cult practices, and war or interpersonal violence. Most hunter-gatherer disguises demonstrated clear similarities to cases of visual deception found in other species, with the majority of examples fitting categories of animal mimicry, masquerading as plants, disruptive coloration (camouflage), or background matching (camouflage), while disguises unique to humans involved the impersonation of culture-specific "spirit-beings." Clothing for modesty purposes (nine societies) and body armor (six societies) are also noted. I propose that strategic initiatives by individuals or groups to disguise or conceal themselves represents one possible initial pathway to the cultural evolution of clothing. There are likely multiple potential (nonexclusive) social and functional pathways to the emergence of clothing outside of thermoregulatory needs.


Assuntos
Evolução Cultural , Esportes , Animais , Vestuário , Humanos
8.
Enferm Clin ; 31: S89-S93, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629856

RESUMO

Introduction: In January 2020, an outbreak of pneumonia caused by a zoonotic virus (SARS-CoV-2) appeared in China. The main route of transmission is considered to be the inhalation of large respiratory drops, by deposition in the mucosa and hands or contaminated fomites. The objective is to identify the interventions to be performed during hospitalization for the correct and safe handling of clothing and hygiene of patients and health professionals. Method: Scoping review carried out without chronological or language delimitation in the PUBMED and Cochrane databases. Tracking standards and recommendations of national and international government entities to answer the research question on the safe handling of clothing and skin hygiene in patients and in health professionals to avoid Covid-19 infection. The data analysis was carried out in 2 stages: in the first, identification and categorization of the studies, and in the second, content analysis as an informative and classifying criterion. Results: 14 documents have been selected, mainly from government entities. The recommendations are structured in 5 sections on the management of clothing and skin hygiene of infected patients and health professionals in the hospital setting. Conclusion: The clothing of patients and healthcare personnel are transmitting vehicles of the disease. Its correct treatment helps to improve the control of the same and the correct use of the resources available at the moment. Proper skin hygiene, especially hand cleansing, is one of the basic pillars for infection prevention and control. We highlight the similarity of some of the guidelines collected and provided by the different agencies consulted.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vestuário , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Higiene , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Work ; 70(2): 657-671, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, workers typically spend at least eight hours a day at garment factories in sitting and/or standing position. Prolonged sitting on ergonomically unfit furniture causes back, neck, and shoulder pain, which reduces the working efficiency and leading to low productivity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to design ergonomically correct furniture for Bangladeshi garment workers considering multivariate analysis on the anthropometric data. METHODS: Twelve anthropometric measures and five furniture dimensions were measured. The sample comprised of 600 volunteer workers from different garment industry. The furniture dimensions were compared with the relevant anthropometric characteristics and found a high level of mismatch (e.g. seat height (male 18%, female 94.25%), seat depth (male 96%, female 63.50%), seat width (male 9.50%, female 36.25%), sewing table height (male 56.50%, female 50%), and desk height for inspection, cutting and ironing table (male 100%, female 100%). RESULTS: New design specifications were proposed of the worker which improved the match percentage. The multivariate anthropometric analysis generated 8 cases and for each case the ranges of anthropometric measurements have been identified. CONCLUSION: The results will help to design robust ergonomic garments furniture.


Assuntos
Decoração de Interiores e Mobiliário , Instituições Acadêmicas , Antropometria , Vestuário , Ergonomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501519

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of using a combination of stretching and Brain Gym®(BG) + Touch for Health (TfH) movements to reduce fatigue and musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) in garment-sewing operators. A quasi-experimental study was performed on 53 respondents with two sessions of stretching movements and BG + TfH movements of 5 min duration, three times a week for four weeks. Fatigue was measured using a reaction timer and MSCs were measured using a Nordic Body Map questionnaire. Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U tests were performed to examine the differences of pre/post and between the intervention group (IG) and control group (CG). A significant difference was found in IG for pre- and post-fatigue (p < 0.001) and MSCs (p < 0.001), while in CG there was no difference in fatigue (p = 0.200) and MSCs (p = 0.086). Significant differences were found between the IG and CG groups in terms of fatigue (p = 0.046), as well as in MSCs (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in MSCs per part body in IG was found on the left wrist, left hand, and left knee. The percentage of MSC severity decreased in all parts of the body, except the right shoulder, left elbow, and right thigh.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Encéfalo , Vestuário , Exercício Físico , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Tato
12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(20): 13614-13624, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591444

RESUMO

People influence indoor air chemistry through their chemical emissions via breath and skin. Previous studies showed that direct measurement of total OH reactivity of human emissions matched that calculated from parallel measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from breath, skin, and the whole body. In this study, we determined, with direct measurements from two independent groups of four adult volunteers, the effect of indoor temperature and humidity, clothing coverage (amount of exposed skin), and indoor ozone concentration on the total OH reactivity of gaseous human emissions. The results show that the measured concentrations of VOCs and ammonia adequately account for the measured total OH reactivity. The total OH reactivity of human emissions was primarily affected by ozone reactions with organic skin-oil constituents and increased with exposed skin surface, higher temperature, and higher humidity. Humans emitted a comparable total mixing ratio of VOCs and ammonia at elevated temperature-low humidity and elevated temperature-high humidity, with relatively low diversity in chemical classes. In contrast, the total OH reactivity increased with higher temperature and higher humidity, with a larger diversity in chemical classes compared to the total mixing ratio. Ozone present, carbonyl compounds were the dominant reactive compounds in all of the reported conditions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Ozônio , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Vestuário , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Umidade , Ozônio/análise , Temperatura , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
13.
Analyst ; 146(20): 6119-6123, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522919

RESUMO

While wearable chemical sensors often rely on electrochemical techniques, optical chemical sensors coupled with a smartphone or a miniaturized camera represent an attractive approach to the monitoring of sweat composition. In this paper, we modify real sports fabrics such as polyester-spandex fabrics with rational combinations of sensing chemicals including a pH indicator, an ion exchanger, and an ionophore via one-step inkjet printing. Highly selective and fully reversible pH optodes as well as Na+- and K+-selective optodes are obtained only when the most hydrophobic sensing chemicals are used (e.g., sodium ionophore VIII vs. sodium ionophore VI). These sensors exhibit large color-based responses that can be readily identified by naked eye or analyzed via an iPhone app. Their dynamic ranges well cover the physiological sweat concentrations of the analytes. Compared to most other sensors created on garments, our fabric-based optodes are cost-effective, mass-reproducible by the digital printing technology currently used in the textile industry, and do not significantly compromise the essential properties of fabrics such as flexibility, stretchability, wickability, and breathability.


Assuntos
Suor , Têxteis , Vestuário , Ionóforos , Smartphone
14.
Forensic Sci Int ; 327: 110965, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509060

RESUMO

In eastern countries, Muslim females wear the Hijab, all the time, conforming to a moral standard of modesty and privacy. Worn in workplaces, the Hijab can causes accidents leading to death. In this context, we report three fatal work accidents related to the Hijab. In two cases, death occurred instantaneously. In all cases, death was attributed to mechanical asphyxiation.


Assuntos
Acidentes , Asfixia/etiologia , Vestuário , Islamismo , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Asfixia/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tunísia
15.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 9918175, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539773

RESUMO

In real life, people's life gradually tends to be simple, so the convenience of online shopping makes more and more research begin to explore the convenience optimization of shopping, in which the fitting system is the research product. However, due to the immaturity of the virtual fitting system, there are a lot of problems, such as the expression of clothing color is not clear or deviation. In view of this, this paper proposes a 3D clothing color display model based on deep learning to support human modeling-driven. Firstly, the macro-micro adversarial network (MMAN) based on deep learning is used to analyze the original image, and then, the results are preprocessed. Finally, the 3D model with the original image color is constructed by using UV mapping. The experimental results show that the accuracy of the MMAN algorithm reaches 0.972, the established three-dimensional model is emotional enough, the expression of the clothing color is clear, and the difference between the color difference and the original image is within 0.01, and the subjective evaluation of volunteers is more than 90 points. The above results show that it is effective to use deep learning to build a 3D model with the original picture clothing color, which has great guiding significance for the research of character model modeling and simulation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Algoritmos , Vestuário , Corpo Humano , Humanos , Interface Usuário-Computador
16.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(11): e14815, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486786

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous research has documented the presence of microbes on healthcare personnel (HCP) attire. This study aimed to explore the bacterial contamination and predictors of Escherichia coli (E coli) growth, as well as, hygiene and handling practices of HCP attire that could influence growth of E coli. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was used in this study. Convenience sampling of the 188 HCP was recruited from a main comprehensive hospital in the northern part of Jordan. Three swab samples were collected from three different parts of lab coats used by each participant. The generalised mixed linear model was used for the categorical variables and to identify the predictors of E coli growth on HCP attire. RESULTS: Enterococcus faecalis was the most common species of bacteria found on lab coat. The HCP attire coming from the emergency department (ED) was highlighted with slightly higher contamination of E coli compared with other departments, such as critical care units. Factors associated with significant E coli growth on HCP attire were lab coat use over scrubs and borrowing of lab coats. The predictors of positive E coli growth were working in the ED, storing HCP attire in hospital lockers, believing the transmission of pathogens by HCP attire and carrying attire wrapped around arms. IMPLICATIONS: Hygiene practices and policies, including a washing facility on the hospital premises, are a must to keep the lab coats clean. CONCLUSION: HCP should be cautious about the method of use and storage of lab coats they wear.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Escherichia coli , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos
17.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12256, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at examining health sufferings of readymade garments (RMG) workers, the factors that affect their health sufferings, their healthcare seeking pattern, knowledge about health insurance and health related rights in Bangladesh. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 486 RMG workers recruited randomly from eight garments factories located on the periphery of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain, headache, fever and abdominal pain was estimated and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to examine association between these illnesses of workers and their socio-demographic characteristics and other work related information. We also explored their healthcare seeking patterns, knowledge about health insurance and health related rights. RESULTS: The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain, headache, fever and abdominal pain was found to be 78.1%, 57.9%, 52.2% and 24.6%, respectively, among the RMG workers. Factors that increased the odds of: musculoskeletal pain were working for more than 10 h per day (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 2.3, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-4.7) and being female [AOR: 4.6, 95% CI: 2.0-10.6]; fever was living in slums [AOR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.1-3.5]; and abdominal pain was being female [AOR: 3.6, 95% CI: 1.4-9.3]. The workers commonly reported visiting drug sellers in local pharmacies for reported illnesses. They also had better knowledge of health related rights but poor knowledge of health insurance. CONCLUSION: In order to address the overall health and well-being of the RMG workers, it is imperative to lay out a blueprint for a safe and healthy workplace.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Seguro Saúde , Indústria Manufatureira , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Conscientização , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Perception ; 50(9): 741-756, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397290

RESUMO

In Helmholtz's illusion, a square with horizontal stripes appears taller than an identical square with vertical stripes. This effect has also been observed in experiments with human stimuli, where a human figure wearing a dress with horizontal stripes appears thinner than a drawing clad in vertical stripes. These findings do not agree with the common belief that clothes with horizontal stripes make someone appear wider, neither do they disentangle whether the horizontal or vertical stripes account for the thinning effect. In the present study, we focused on the effect of horizontal stripes in clothes comparing horizontal stripes against no-stripes (not against vertical; Experiments 1 and 2), using photos of a real-life female model, and controlling for the average luminance of the stripes (Experiment 2). Results showed that horizontal stripes and lower luminance have-independently-a small-to-moderate thinning effect on the perceived size of the body, and the effect is larger when the two variables are combined. In Experiment 3, we further show that the thinning effect due to the luminance of the dress is enhanced when the general background gets darker.


Assuntos
Ilusões , Ilusões Ópticas , Vestuário , Feminino , Humanos
19.
Nano Lett ; 21(17): 7093-7099, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459618

RESUMO

Smart wearable electronic accessories (e.g., watches) have found wide adoption; conversely, progress in electronic textiles has been slow due to the difficulty of embedding rigid electronic materials into flexible fabrics. Electronic clothing requires fibers that are conductive, robust, biocompatible, and can be produced on a large scale. Here, we create sewable electrodes and signal transmission wires from neat carbon nanotube threads (CNTT). These threads are soft like standard sewing thread, but they have metal-level conductivity and low interfacial impedance with skin. Electrocardiograms (EKGs) obtained by CNTT electrodes were comparable (P > 0.05) to signals obtained with commercial electrodes. CNTT can also be used as transmission wires to carry signals to other parts of a garment. Finally, the textiles can be machine-washed and stretched repeatedly without signal degradation. These results demonstrate promise for textile sensors and electronic fabric with the feel of standard clothing that can be incorporated with traditional clothing manufacturing techniques.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Vestuário , Eletrodos , Eletrônica , Têxteis
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451070

RESUMO

When e-textile EMG electrodes are integrated into clothing, the fit of the clothing on the body, and therefore its pattern and cut become important factors affecting the EMG signal quality in relation to the seamless contact between the skin and the e-textile electrode. The research so far on these effects was conducted on commercially available clothing or in tubular sleeve forms for arms. There is no study that investigated different clothing pattern and fit conditions and their effect on e-textile EMG electrode performance. This study investigates the effect of clothing pattern and fit in EMG applications using e-textile electrodes integrated onto the sleeves of custom drafted t-shirts in set-in and raglan sleeve pattern variations. E-textile electrode resistance, signal-to-noise ratio (SNRdB), power spectral density and electrode-skin impedance are measured and evaluated in set-in sleeve and raglan sleeve conditions with participants during a standardized arm movement protocol in comparison to the conventional hydrogel Ag/AgCl electrodes. The raglan sleeve pattern, widely used in athletic wear to provide extra ease for the movement of the shoulder joint, showed superior performance and therefore indicated the pattern and cut of a garment could have significant effect on EMG signal quality in designing smart clothing.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Materiais Inteligentes , Eletrodos , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Têxteis
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