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1.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(5): 435, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587761

RESUMO

Simple and sensitive electrochemical sensors were fabricated from cerium oxide (CeO2) and copper-benzene tricarboxylic acid-modified cerium oxide (CeO2-Cu-BTC) materials for differential pulse voltammetric analysis of toxic cadmium (Cd) ions in aqueous solutions. The materials were prepared by hydrothermal method and structurally characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The CeO2-modified carbon paste electrode (CeCPE) and the CeO2-Cu-BTC-modified carbon paste electrode (CeBCPE) were electrochemically characterized by their cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance study in standard K3[Fe(CN)6] single-electron redox process. Their electrochemical surface areas, electrode surface coverages, and charge transfer resistances were calculated to be 1.46 cm2, 2.338 × 10-5 mol∙cm-2, and 2790 Ω and 5.48 cm2, 2.476 × 10-5 mol∙cm-2, and 1254.65 Ω for CeCPE and CeBCPE, respectively. These fabricated electrodes were used as electrochemical sensors for cadmium ion estimation by optimizing the experimental parameters through differential pulse voltammetry. The optimized conditions included 10% modifier for CeCPE and 5% modifier for CeBCPE in 0.12 M HCl solution of pH 5 as supporting electrolyte at - 1.2 V deposition for 30 s in 0.01 to 10 mg L-1 linear cadmium solution range. Under these conditions, the limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.368 mg L-1 and 0.005 mg L-1 was calculated for CeCPE and CeBCPE electrodes, respectively. The limit of detection (LOD) was calculated to be 0.121 mg L-1 and 0.002 mg L-1 for CeCPE and CeBCPE, respectively. All the experimental results indicated that electrodes fabricated from CeO2-Cu-BTC show better performance as compared to CeO2-based electrodes. Both these types of electrochemical sensors presented good repeatability and performance in the presence of interfering ions as well. From these findings, it can also be inferred that these electrochemical sensors can provide a simple and very sensitive method for approximation of toxic cadmium ions in aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Cério , Cobre , Cicloexanos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Íons , Carbono
2.
COPD ; 21(1): 2322605, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591165

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by persistent inflammation and oxidative stress, which ultimately leads to progressive restriction of airflow. Extensive research findings have cogently suggested that the dysregulation of essential transition metal ions, notably iron, copper, and zinc, stands as a critical nexus in the perpetuation of inflammatory processes and oxidative damage within the lungs of COPD patients. Unraveling the intricate interplay between metal homeostasis, oxidative stress, and inflammatory signaling is of paramount importance in unraveling the intricacies of COPD pathogenesis. This comprehensive review aims to examine the current literature on the sources, regulation, and mechanisms by which metal dyshomeostasis contributes to COPD progression. We specifically focus on iron, copper, and zinc, given their well-characterized roles in orchestrating cytokine production, immune cell function, antioxidant depletion, and matrix remodeling. Despite the limited number of clinical trials investigating metal modulation in COPD, the advent of emerging methodologies tailored to monitor metal fluxes and gauge responses to chelation and supplementation hold great promise in unlocking the potential of metal-based interventions. We conclude that targeted restoration of metal homeostasis represents a promising frontier for ameliorating pathological processes driving COPD progression.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Cobre/uso terapêutico , Pulmão , Estresse Oxidativo , Ferro/uso terapêutico , Zinco/uso terapêutico
3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(8): e18270, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568081

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the association between the serum copper concentration and the prevalence of diabetes among US adults with hypertension using the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The study population was selected from adults aged over 20 years old in the three survey cycles of NHANES from 2011 to 2016. Logistic regression model analyses were applied to determine the independent risky effect of copper to the prevalence of diabetes. Also, a restricted cubic spline (RCS) model was performed to explore the potential nonlinear association between serum copper concentration and the prevalence of diabetes. A total of 1786 subjects (742 cases and 1044 controls) were included, and 924 were men (51.7%), and 742 (41.5%) were diabetic. Compared with non-diabetic individuals, the concentration of serum copper in diabetic patients with hypertension was higher. After adjusting for age, sex, race, education, marital status, body mass index (BMI), family poverty income ratio (PIR), smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and hyperlipidemia, the highest quartile of serum copper concentration significantly increased the risk of diabetes as compared with the lowest quartile (OR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.01-1.92, ptrend = 0.036). The results of RCS analysis showed significant non-linear relationship between serum copper concentration and prevalence of diabetes (p-non-linear = 0.010). This study finds that serum copper concentration are significantly associated with risk of diabetes in hypertensive patients, which suggests copper as an important risk factor of diabetes development.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Cobre , Prevalência , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia
4.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301511, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564509

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the biochemical parameters that determine the occurrence of glaucoma and assess the correlation between oxidative stress and clinical data in patients with glaucoma and healthy controls. We enrolled 169 participants; the glaucoma group comprised 104 patients with primary open-angle, pseudoexfoliation, or angle-closure glaucoma, and the control group comprised 65 healthy individuals. Serum concentrations of selenium (Se), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn); Cu/Zn ratio; and total antioxidant status were measured in both groups. Significantly lower Se and Zn serum levels were observed in men (67.7 ± 17.14 g/L and 0.76 ± 0.11 mg/L, respectively) and women (68.73 ± 16.21 g/L and 0.76 ± 0.13, respectively) with glaucoma. Moreover, significant correlations were identified between serum Se concentration and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and between serum Cu concentration and CDVA (p < 0.005 and p < 0.05, respectively). We also observed a significant positive correlation (r = 0.244, p < 0.05) between pRNFL thickness and BMI and a negative correlation (r = -0.289, p < 0.05) between serum Se concentration and the age of male patients with glaucoma. Additionally, the percentages of participants with below-normal, normal, and above-normal Se, Zn, and total antioxidant capacity serum levels were compared between both groups. Compared with healthy controls, a significantly higher percentage of patients with glaucoma had a below-normal Se serum concentration. A notable negative correlation was observed between Zn and copper serum levels of patients with glaucoma in both sexes. We believe that this study serves as a basis for considering personalized nutritional therapy for the prevention and supportive treatment of patients with glaucoma.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Selênio , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Antioxidantes , Cobre , Zinco
5.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300626, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cuproptosis is a recently discovered type of cell death, but the role and behavior of cuproptosis-related genes (CuRGs) in cancers remain unclear. This paper aims to address these issues by analyzing the multi-omics characteristics of cancer-related genes (CuRGs) across various types of cancer. METHOD: To investigate the impact of somatic copy number alterations (SCNA) and DNA methylation on CRG expression, we will analyze the correlation between these factors. We developed a cuproptosis index (CPI) model to measure the level of cuproptosis and investigate its functional roles. Using this model, we assessed the clinical prognosis of colorectal cancer patients and analyzed genetic changes and immune infiltration features in different CPI levels. RESULTS: The study's findings indicate that the majority of cancer-related genes (CuRGs) were suppressed in tumors and had a positive correlation with somatic copy number alterations (SCNA), while having a negative correlation with DNA methylation. This suggests that both SCNA and DNA methylation have an impact on the expression of CuRGs. The CPI model is a reliable predictor of survival outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer and can serve as an independent prognostic factor. Patients with a higher CPI have a worse prognosis. We conducted a deeper analysis of the genetic alterations and immune infiltration patterns in both CPI positive and negative groups. Our findings revealed significant differences, indicating that CuRGs may play a crucial role in tumor immunity mechanisms. Additionally, we have noticed a positive correlation between CuRGs and various crucial pathways that are linked to the occurrence, progression, and metastasis of tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study systematically analyzes cuproptosis and its regulatory genes, emphasizing the potential of using cuproptosis as a basis for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Oncogenes , Humanos , Análise de Sistemas , Morte Celular , Metilação de DNA , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Apoptose , Cobre
6.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 137, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fasciolosis is of significant economic and public health importance worldwide. The lack of a successful vaccine and emerging resistance in flukes to the drug of choice, triclabendazole, has initiated the search for alternative approaches. In recent years, metallic nanoparticles have been extensively investigated for their anthelmintic effects. This study investigates the in vitro anthelmintic activity of copper oxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles against Fasciola hepatica. METHODS: The in vitro study was based on egg hatchability test (EHA), adult motility inhibition tests, DNA damage, ROS levels, as well as several biomarkers of oxidative stress, including glutathione peroxidase (GSH) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA). For this purpose, different concentrations of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) and Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) (1, 4, 8, 12, and 16 ppm) were used to evaluate the anthelmintic effect on different life stages, including egg and adults of Fasciola hepatica, over 24 h. RESULTS: In vitro treatment of F. hepatica worms with both CuO-NPs and ZnO-NPs could significantly increase ROS production and oxidative stress induction (decreased SOD, GST and GSH and increased MDA) compared to control group. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results, it seems that CuO-NPs and ZnO-NPs may be effective in the control and treatment of F. hepatica infection. Further research is needed to investigate their potential for in vivo use in the treatment of parasitic infections.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos , Fasciola hepatica , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Óxido de Zinco , Animais , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Estresse Oxidativo , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores
7.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(5): 146, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578375

RESUMO

With the transformation and upgrading of industries, the environmental problems caused by industrial residual contaminated sites are becoming increasingly prominent. Based on actual investigation cases, this study analyzed the soil pollution status of a remaining sites of the copper and zinc rolling industry, and found that the pollutants exceeding the screening values included Cu, Ni, Zn, Pb, total petroleum hydrocarbons and 6 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon monomers. Based on traditional analysis methods such as the correlation coefficient and spatial distribution, combined with machine learning methods such as SOM + K-means, it is inferred that the heavy metal Zn/Pb may be mainly related to the production history of zinc rolling. Cu/Ni may be mainly originated from the production history of copper rolling. PAHs are mainly due to the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels in the melting equipment. TPH pollution is speculated to be related to oil leakage during the industrial use period and later period of vehicle parking. The results showed that traditional analysis methods can quickly identify the correlation between site pollutants, while SOM + K-means machine learning methods can further effectively extract complex hidden relationships in data and achieve in-depth mining of site monitoring data.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Metais Pesados , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes do Solo , Cobre/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Chumbo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Zinco/análise , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Solo , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Mineração de Dados , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , China , Medição de Risco
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37741, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579045

RESUMO

The gallstone disease is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. Dietary trace minerals have been proven to be closely related to many metabolic diseases, and this study aims to explore the association between intakes of dietary trace minerals (copper, iron, selenium, and zinc) and gallstone disease (GSD). Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2017 to 2018, intakes of dietary trace minerals and GSD data were obtained through a 24-hour recall and diagnostic questionnaire, respectively. Weighted logistic regression models were used to identify the association between intakes of dietary trace minerals and the prevalence of GSD, and the results were presented as odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). A total of 4077 participants were included in the final analysis, of which 456 participants had GSD and 3621 participants serving as the control group. No significant associations between GSD and intakes of dietary trace minerals (iron, selenium, and zinc) were found. However, after adjusting for all covariates, significant association was demonstrated between dietary copper (Cu) intake and GSD (OR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.45-0.98). After conducting a weighted quantile logistic regression, a significant negative correlation was also found between dietary Cu intake and highest GSD quartile (Q4) (OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.26-0.80). Following the research outlined above, no association was found between intakes of dietary trace minerals (iron, selenium, and zinc) and GSD; however, a linear negative association was identified between dietary Cu intake and GSD.


Assuntos
Colelitíase , Selênio , Oligoelementos , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Transversais , Cobre , Zinco , Ferro
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7663, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561404

RESUMO

Heavy metal contamination is an urgent ecological governance problem in mining areas. In order to seek for a green and environmentally friendly reagent with better plant restoration effect to solve the problem of low efficiency in plant restoration in heavy metal pollution soil. In this study, we evaluated the effects of three biodegradable chelating agents, namely citric acid (CA), fulvic acid (FA) and polyaspartic acid (PASP), on the physicochemical properties of copper tailings, growth of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and heavy metal accumulation therein. The results showed that the chelating agent application improved the physicochemical properties of copper tailings, increased the biomass of ryegrass and enriched more Cu and Cd in copper tailings. In the control group, the main existing forms of Cu and Cd were oxidizable state, followed by residual, weak acid soluble and reducible states. After the CA, FA or PASP application, Cu and Cd were converted from the residual and oxidizable states to the reducible and weak acid soluble states, whose bioavailability in copper tailings were thus enhanced. Besides, the chelating agent incorporation improved the Cu and Cd extraction efficiencies of ryegrass from copper tailings, as manifested by increased root and stem contents of Cu and Cd by 30.29-103.42%, 11.43-74.29%, 2.98-110.98% and 11.11-111.11%, respectively, in comparison with the control group. In the presence of multiple heavy metals, CA, FA or PASP showed selectivity regarding the ryegrass extraction of heavy metals from copper tailings. PCA analysis revealed that the CA-4 and PASP-7 treatment had great remediation potentials against Cu and Cd in copper tailings, respectively, as manifested by increases in Cu and Cd contents in ryegrass by 90.98% and 74.29% compared to the CK group.


Assuntos
Lolium , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Cobre/metabolismo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Quelantes/farmacologia , Biodegradação Ambiental , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/análise , Ácidos/metabolismo , Solo/química
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 3217-3232, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596410

RESUMO

Background: Skin wounds are a prevalent issue that can have severe health consequences if not treated correctly. Nanozymes offer a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of skin wounds, owing to their advantages in regulating redox homeostasis to reduce oxidative damage and kill bacteria. These properties make them an effective treatment option for skin wounds. However, most of current nanozymes lack the capability to simultaneously address inflammation, oxidative stress, and bacterial infection during the wound healing process. There is still great potential for nanozymes to increase their therapeutic functional diversity and efficacy. Methods: Herein, copper-doped hollow mesopores cerium oxide (Cu-HMCe) nanozymes with multifunctional of antioxidant, antimicrobial and pro-vascularity is successfully prepared. Cu-HMCe can be efficiently prepared through a simple and rapid solution method and displays sound physiological stability. The biocompatibility, pro-angiogenic, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties of Cu-HMCe were assessed. Moreover, a full-thickness skin defect infection model was utilized to investigate the wound healing capacity, as well as anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic properties of nanozymes in vivo. Results: Both in vitro and in vivo experiments have substantiated Cu-HMCe's remarkable biocompatibility. Moreover, Cu-HMCe possesses potent antioxidant enzyme-like catalytic activity, effectively clearing DPPH radicals (with a scavenging rate of 80%), hydroxyl radicals, and reactive oxygen species. Additionally, Cu-HMCe exhibits excellent antimicrobial and pro-angiogenic properties, with over 70% inhibition of both E. coli and S. aureus. These properties collectively promote wound healing, and the wound treated with Cu-HMCe achieved a closure rate of over 90% on the 14th day. Conclusion: The results indicate that multifunctional Cu-HMCe with antioxidant, antimicrobial, and pro-angiogenic properties was successfully prepared and exhibited remarkable efficacy in promoting wound healing. This nanozymes providing a promising strategy for skin repair.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Antioxidantes , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Hidrogéis
11.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(4): 52, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565801

RESUMO

The increasing use of copper oxide nano particles (nCuO) as nano-fertilizers and pesticides have raised concerns over their impact on soil environment and agricultural products. In this study, two nCuO with different shapes, namely spherical nCuO (CuO NPs) and tubular nCuO (CuO NTs), were selected to investigate their bioavailability and toxicity to pakchoi in two soils with different properties. At the meantime, CuO bulk particles (CuO BPs) and Cu(NO3)2 were used for comparison. Results showed that all the Cu treatments increased the DTPA extractable (DTPA-Cu) concentrations in GD soil (acidic) more than in HN soil (alkaline). The DTPA-Cu concentrations increased in the order of Cu(NO3)2 ≈ CuO NPs > CuO BPs ≈ CuO NTs in GD soil and Cu(NO3)2 > CuO NPs > CuO BPs ≈ CuO NTs in HN soil. While for the contents of Cu in the aerial parts of pakchoi, the order is CuO NPs > Cu(NO3)2 > CuO NTs ≈ CuO BPs in GD soil and CuO NPs ≈ Cu(NO3)2 > CuO BPs ≈ CuO NTs in HN soil. Only CuO NPs reduced pakchoi biomass in GD soil. There are no significant difference among CuO NPs, CuO BPs, and Cu(NO3)2 in reducing the chlorophyll contents in pakchoi in HN soil, whereas in GD soil, CuO NPs and CuO BPs led to significantly lower chlorophyll contents in pakchoi compared to Cu(NO3)2. Additionally, CuO NPs and Cu(NO3)2 increased Mn and Mo in pakchoi leaf in HN soil, while increased Zn in pakchoi leaf in GD soil. These results indicated that CuO NPs showed higher or comparable toxicity and bioavailability to pakchoi compared with Cu(NO3)2 depending on soil properties, and nCuO are more easily to be transferred from roots to the aerial parts than CuO BPs and Cu(NO3)2.


Assuntos
Brassica , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Cobre/toxicidade , Disponibilidade Biológica , Solo , Óxidos , Clorofila , Ácido Pentético , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(3): 447-454, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neuroprotective effect of Huangpu Tongqiao Capsule (HPTQ) in a rat model of Wilson disease (WD) and explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: SD rat models of WD were established by feeding of coppersupplemented chow diet and drinking water for 12 weeks, and starting from the 9th week, the rats were treated with low-, moderate- and high-dose HPTQ, penicillamine, or normal saline by gavage on a daily basis for 3 weeks. Copper levels in the liver and 24-h urine of the rats were detected, and their learning and memory abilities were evaluated using Morris water maze test. HE staining was used to observe morphological changes of CA1 region neurons in the hippocampus, and neuronal apoptosis was detected with TUNEL staining. Hippocampal expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-mediated apoptosis pathway-related proteins GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12, cleaved caspase-9, and cleaved caspase-3 at both the mRNA and protein levels were detected using RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence assay or Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with normal control rats, the rat models with copper overload-induced WD exhibited significantly increased copper levels in both the liver and 24-h urine, impaired learning and memory abilities, obvious hippocampal neuronal damage in the CA1 region and increased TUNEL-positive neurons (P<0.01), with also lowered mRNA and protein expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12, cleaved caspase-9, and cleaved caspase-3 in the hippocampus (all P<0.01). Treatments with HPTQ and penicillamine significantly lowered copper level in the liver but increased urinary copper level, improved learning and memory ability, alleviated neuronal damage and apoptosis in the hippocampus, and decreased hippocampal expressions of GRP78, CHOP, caspase-12, cleaved caspase-9, and cleaved caspase-3 in the rat models (P<0.01 or 0.05). CONCLUSION: HPTQ Capsule has neuroprotective effects in rat models of WD possibly by inhibiting ERS-mediated apoptosis pathway.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Degeneração Hepatolenticular , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/tratamento farmacológico , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Caspase 12/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Cobre/farmacologia , Chaperona BiP do Retículo Endoplasmático , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Apoptose , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Penicilamina/farmacologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Mensageiro
13.
FASEB J ; 38(7): e23605, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597508

RESUMO

Understanding the homeostatic interactions among essential trace metals is important for explaining their roles in cellular systems. Recent studies in vertebrates suggest that cellular Mn metabolism is related to Zn metabolism in multifarious cellular processes. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we examined the changes in the expression of proteins involved in cellular Zn and/or Mn homeostatic control and measured the Mn as well as Zn contents and Zn enzyme activities to elucidate the effects of Mn and Zn homeostasis on each other. Mn treatment decreased the expression of the Zn homeostatic proteins metallothionein (MT) and ZNT1 and reduced Zn enzyme activities, which were attributed to the decreased Zn content. Moreover, loss of Mn efflux transport protein decreased MT and ZNT1 expression and Zn enzyme activity without changing extracellular Mn content. This reduction was not observed when supplementing with the same Cu concentrations and in cells lacking Cu efflux proteins. Furthermore, cellular Zn homeostasis was oppositely regulated in cells expressing Zn and Mn importer ZIP8, depending on whether Zn or Mn concentration was elevated in the extracellular milieu. Our results provide novel insights into the intricate interactions between Mn and Zn homeostasis in mammalian cells and facilitate our understanding of the physiopathology of Mn, which may lead to the development of treatment strategies for Mn-related diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Manganês , Zinco , Animais , Zinco/metabolismo , Manganês/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Homeostase , Mamíferos/metabolismo
14.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(5): 136, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598029

RESUMO

Copper resistance in phytopathogens is a major challenge to crop production globally and is known to be driven by excessive use of copper-based pesticides. However, recent studies have shown co-selection of multiple heavy metal and antibiotic resistance genes in bacteria exposed to heavy metal and xenobiotics, which may impact the epidemiology of plant, animal, and human diseases. In this study, multi-resistance to heavy metals and antibiotics were evaluated in local Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) and co-isolated Xanthomonas melonis (Xmel) strains from infected crucifer plants in Trinidad. Resistance to cobalt, cadmium, zinc, copper, and arsenic (V) was observed in both Xanthomonas species up to 25 mM. Heavy metal resistance (HMR) genes were found on a small plasmid-derived locus with ~ 90% similarity to a Stenotrophomonas spp. chromosomal locus and a X. perforans pLH3.1 plasmid. The co-occurrence of mobile elements in these regions implies their organization on a composite transposon-like structure. HMR genes in Xcc strains showed the lowest similarity to references, and the cus and ars operons appear to be unique among Xanthomonads. Overall, the similarity of HMR genes to Stenotrophomonas sp. chromosomal genomes suggest their origin in this genus or a related organism and subsequent spread through lateral gene transfer events. Further resistome characterization revealed the presence of small multidrug resistance (SMR), multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux pumps, and bla (Xcc) genes for broad biocide resistance in both species. Concurrently, resistance to antibiotics (streptomycin, kanamycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, and ampicillin) up to 1000 µg/mL was confirmed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Metais Pesados , Animais , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cobre , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Ampicilina , Cloranfenicol
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5929, 2024 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467696

RESUMO

The copper compound CuII(atsm) has progressed to phase 2/3 testing for treatment of the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). CuII(atsm) is neuroprotective in mutant SOD1 mouse models of ALS where its activity is ascribed in part to improving availability of essential copper. However, SOD1 mutations cause only ~ 2% of ALS cases and therapeutic relevance of copper availability in sporadic ALS is unresolved. Herein we assessed spinal cord tissue from human cases of sporadic ALS for copper-related changes. We found that when compared to control cases the natural distribution of spinal cord copper was disrupted in sporadic ALS. A standout feature was decreased copper levels in the ventral grey matter, the primary anatomical site of neuronal loss in ALS. Altered expression of genes involved in copper handling indicated disrupted copper availability, and this was evident in decreased copper-dependent ferroxidase activity despite increased abundance of the ferroxidases ceruloplasmin and hephaestin. Mice expressing mutant SOD1 recapitulate salient features of ALS and the unsatiated requirement for copper in these mice is a biochemical target for CuII(atsm). Our results from human spinal cord indicate a therapeutic mechanism of action for CuII(atsm) involving copper availability may also be pertinent to sporadic cases of ALS.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Complexos de Coordenação , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Tiossemicarbazonas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Cobre/metabolismo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Camundongos Transgênicos , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Ceruloplasmina/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças
16.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2310359, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468184

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated copper-death genes using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset and machine learning, exploring their immune microenvironment correlation and underlying mechanisms. Utilizing GEO, we analyzed the GSE217948 dataset with control samples. Differential expression analysis identified 16 differentially expressed copper-death genes, and Cell type Identification By Estimating Relative Subsets Of RNA Transcripts (CIBERSORT) quantified immune cell infiltration. Gene classification yielded two copper-death clusters, with Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WGCNA) identifying key module genes. Machine learning models (random forest, Support Vector Machine (SVM), Generalized Linear Model (GLM), eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost)) selected 6 feature genes validated by the GSE213313 dataset. Ferredoxin 1 (FDX1) emerged as the top gene, corroborated by Area Under the Curve (AUC) analysis. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Gene Set Variation Analysis (GSVA) revealed enriched pathways in T cell receptor, natural killer cytotoxicity, and Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR). We uncovered differentially expressed copper-death genes and immune infiltration differences, notably CD8 T cells and M0 macrophages. Clustering identified modules with potential implications for COVID-19. Machine learning models effectively predicted COVID-19 risk, with FDX1's pivotal role validated. FDX1's high expression was associated with immune pathways, suggesting its role in COVID-19 pathogenesis. This comprehensive approach elucidated COVID-19-related copper-death genes, their immune context, and risk prediction potential. FDX1's connection to immune pathways offers insights into COVID-19 mechanisms and therapy.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/genética , Cobre , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Biologia Computacional , Aprendizado de Máquina
18.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 199: 105756, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458693

RESUMO

Cryptocaryons irritans is a ciliate parasite responsible for cryptocaryoniasis, leading to considerable economic losses in aquaculture. It is typically managed using a copper-zinc alloy (CZA), effectively diminishing C. irritans infection rates while ensuring the safety of aquatic organisms. Nevertheless, the precise mechanism underlying cuproptosis induced C. irritans mortality following exposure to CZA remains enigmatic. Therefore, this study delves into assessing the efficacy of CZA, investigate cuproptosis as a potential mechanism of CZA action against C. irritans, and determine the alterations in antioxidant enzymes, peroxidation, and lipid metabolism. The mRNA expression of dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase was upregulated after 40 and 70 min, while aconitase 1 was implicated in cuproptosis following 70 min of CZA exposure. Furthermore, the relative mRNA levels of glutathione reductase experienced a significant increase after 40 and 70 min of CZA exposure. In contrast, the relative mRNA levels of glutathione S-transferase and phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase were significantly decreased after 70 min, suggesting a disruption in antioxidant defense and an imbalance in copper ions. Lipidomics results also unveiled an elevation in glycerophospholipids metabolism and the involvement of the lipoic acid pathway, predominantly contributing to cuproptosis. In summary, exposure to CZA induces cuproptosis in C. irritans, impacts glutathione-related enzymes, and alters glycerophospholipids, consequently triggering lipid oxidation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Cilióforos , Doenças dos Peixes , Perciformes , Animais , Infecções por Cilióforos/parasitologia , Cobre/toxicidade , Ligas , Antioxidantes , Perciformes/parasitologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , RNA Mensageiro , Glicerofosfolipídeos , Lipídeos , Zinco/toxicidade
19.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0296027, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452110

RESUMO

Understanding the genetic response of plants to copper stress is a necessary step to improving the utility of plants for environmental remediation and restoration. The objectives of this study were to: 1) characterize the transcriptome of Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) under copper stress, 2) analyze the gene expression profile shifts of genotypes exposed to copper ion toxicity, and 3) identify genes associated with copper resistance. Pinus banksiana seedlings were treated with 10 mmoles of copper and screened in a growth chamber. There were 6,213 upregulated and 29,038 downregulated genes expressed in the copper resistant genotypes compared to the susceptible genotypes at a high stringency based on the false discovery rate (FDR). Overall, 25,552 transcripts were assigned gene ontology. Among the top upregulated genes, the response to stress, the biosynthetic process, and the response to chemical stimuli terms represented the highest proportion of gene expression for the biological processes. For the molecular function category, the majority of expressed genes were associated with nucleotide binding followed by transporter activity, and kinase activity. The majority of upregulated genes were located in the plasma membrane while half of the total downregulated genes were associated with the extracellular region. Two candidate genes associated with copper resistance were identified including genes encoding for heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant proteins (AtHIP20 and AtHIP26) and a gene encoding the pleiotropic drug resistance protein 1 (NtPDR1). This study represents the first report of transcriptomic responses of a conifer species to copper ions.


Assuntos
Cobre , Pinus , Cobre/toxicidade , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Análise em Microsséries
20.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6000, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472367

RESUMO

Oriental poppy (Papaver orientale L.) belonging to the Papaveraceae family, has the capacity to synthesize a wide range of benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs). This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of green and chemical copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) elicitors on oxidative stress and the BIAs biosynthesis pathway in the cell suspension culture of P. orientale. This research shows that both green and chemical CuO NPs at concentrations of 20 mg/L and 40 mg/L, induce oxidative stress in the cell suspension of P. orientale by increasing the production of H2O2 and the activity of antioxidant enzymes. The comparison of treatments revealed that utilizing a lower concentration of CuO NPs (20 mg/L) and extending the duration of cell suspension incubation (up to 48 h) play a more influential role in inducing the expression of the BIAs biosynthesis pathway genes (PsWRKY, TYDC, SalSyn, SalR, SalAT, T6ODM, COR and CODM) and increasing the production of morphinan alkaloids (thebaine, codeine, and morphine). The overarching results indicate that the concentration of CuO NPs and the duration of cell treatment have a more significant impact than the nature of CuO NPs in inducing oxidative stress and stimulating the expression of the BIAs pathway genes.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Benzilisoquinolinas , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Papaver , Papaver/genética , Cobre/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Morfina/metabolismo , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Benzilisoquinolinas/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica
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