Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 277
Filtrar
1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1474-1484, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621931

RESUMO

As a common medicinal and edible resource in China, Coicis Semen has a long history of cultivation and medicinal use. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) clinically believes that Coicis Semen has the effect of strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lungs, clearing heat and dampness, removing pus and paralysis, and stopping diarrhea. Therefore, it is used to treat edema, foot odor, spleen deficiency, diarrhea, and other symptoms. The above effects are closely related to the active ingredients of Coicis Semen, such as esters, fatty acids, polysaccharides, proteins, as well as phenolic acids, sterols, flavonoids, lactams, triterpenes, alkaloids, and adenosine. Modern research has found that Coicis Semen also has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, and hypotensive effects and other pharmacological activities, and it can improve immunity and regulate lipid metabolism. Coicis Semen is widely distributed in China, mainly produced in Guizhou, Yunnan, Fujian, Sichuan, and other places, and the quality of Coicis Semen from different origins varies. From ancient times to the present, Coicis Semen processing methods have experienced the process from simple to complex, and the types of auxiliary materials are more extensive, such as soil, bran, and river sand. These processing methods have been inherited from generation to generation. Nowadays, the commonly used methods are bran-fried, stir-fried, sand-fried, etc. In this paper, by reviewing the relevant literature in China and abroad in recent years, the main active ingredients and related pharmacological effects of Coicis Semen are sorted out, and the effects of different origins and processing methods on the chemical composition of Coicis Semen are summarized, with a view to providing references for the comprehensive development and utilization of Coicis Semen and the further study of its mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Coix , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Areia , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Diarreia
2.
Bioinspir Biomim ; 19(3)2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579734

RESUMO

Nature is filled with materials that are both strong and light, such as bones, teeth, bamboo, seashells, arthropod exoskeletons, and nut shells. The insights gained from analyzing the changing chemical compositions and structural characteristics, as well as the mechanical properties of these materials, have been applied in developing innovative, durable, and lightweight materials like those used for impact absorption. This research concentrates on the involucres of Job's tears (Coix lacryma-jobivar.lacryma-jobi), which are rich in silica, hard, and serve to encase the seeds. The chemical composition and structural characteristics of involucres were observed using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and optical microscopy with safranin staining. The hardness of the outer and inner surfaces of the involucre was measured using the micro-Vickers hardness test, and the Young's modulus of the involucre's cross-section was measured using nanoindentation. Additionally, the breaking behavior of involucres was measured through compression test and three-point bending tests. The results revealed a smooth transition in chemical composition, as well as in the orientation and dimensions of the tissues from the outer to the inner layers of involucres. Furthermore, it was estimated that the spatial gradient of the Young's modulus is due to the gradient of silica deposition. By distributing the hard, brittle silica in the outer layer and elastoplastic organic components in the middle and inner layers, the involucres effectively respond to compressive and tensile stresses that occur when loads are applied to the outside of the involucre. Furthermore, the involucres are reinforced in both meridional and equatorial directions by robust fibrovascular bundles, fibrous bundles, and the inner layer's sclerenchyma fibers. From these factors, it was found that involucres exhibit high toughness against loads from outside, making it less prone to cracking.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Coix , Dente , Animais , Coix/química , Dióxido de Silício
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 262(Pt 2): 129994, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325690

RESUMO

Coix seed polysaccharides had received increasing attention due to their diverse biological activities. In this study, a homogeneous polysaccharide (CSPW) was extracted and purified from coix seed. Furthermore, the saliva-gastrointestinal digestion and fecal fermentation behavior of CSPW were simulated in vitro. The results showed that CSPW was mainly composed of glucose. It cannot be degraded by the simulated salivary and intestinal digestive system, but can be degraded by the simulated gastric digestive system. After fermentation for 24 h, CSPW promoted the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), with acetic acid, propionic acid and n-butyric acid being the main metabolites. In addition, CSPW could significantly regulate the composition and microbial diversity of gut microbiota by increasing the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria, such as Limosilicactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Collinsella. Finally, further analysis of functional prediction revealed that amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism and carbohydrate metabolism were the most important pathways for CSPW to promote health. In summary, our findings suggested that CSPW could potentially be used as a good source of prebiotics because it can be used by gut microbiota to produce SCFAs and regulate the gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Coix , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Digestão , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fezes/microbiologia , Fermentação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Promoção da Saúde , Polissacarídeos/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Humanos
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 727-742, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38288265

RESUMO

Background: A sequential release co-delivery system is an effective strategy to improve anti-cancer efficacy. Herein, multicomponent-based liposomes (TET-CTM/L) loaded with tetrandrine (TET) and celastrol (CEL)-loaded coix seed oil microemulsion (CTM) were fabricated, which showed synergistic anti-liver cancer activities. By virtue of Enhanced Permeability and Retention (EPR) effect, TET-CTM/L can achieve efficient accumulation at the tumor site. TET was released initially to repair abnormal vessels and decrease the fibroblasts, and CTM was released subsequently for eradication of tumor tissue. Methods: TEM (transmission electron microscopy) and DLS (dynamic light scattering) were adopted to characterize the TET-CTM/L. Flow cytometry was adopted to examine the cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of HepG2 cells. The HepG2 xenograft nude mice were adopted to evaluate the anti-tumor efficacy and systemic safety of TET-CTM/L. Results: TEM images of TET-CTM/L showed the structure of small particle size of CTM within large-size liposomes, indicating that CTM can be encapsulated in liposomes by film dispersion method. In in vitro studies, TET-CTM/L induced massive apoptosis toward HepG2 cells, indicating synergistic cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells. In in vivo studies, TET-CTM/L displayed diminished systemic toxicity compared to celastrol or TET used alone. TET-CTM/L showed the excellent potential for tumor-targeting ability in a biodistribution study. Conclusion: Our study provides a new strategy for combining anti-cancer therapy that has good potential not only in the treatment of liver cancer but also can be applied to the treatment of other solid tumors.


Assuntos
Benzilisoquinolinas , Coix , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Lipossomos , Coix/química , Camundongos Nus , Distribuição Tecidual , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Óleos de Plantas/química
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 319(Pt 3): 117309, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37858750

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen (Romanet du Caillaud) Stapf is a plant of the genus Coix in the Gramineae family. Coix seed is cultivated in various regions throughout China. In recent years, with the research on the medicinal value of Coix seed, it has received more and more widespread attention from people. Numerous pharmacological effects of Coix seed have been demonstrated through modern pharmacological studies, such as hypoglycemia, improving liver function, anti-tumor, regulating intestinal microbiota, improving spleen function, and anti-inflammatory effects. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This article is a literature review. In recent years, despite the extensive research on Coix seed, there has yet to be a comprehensive review of its traditional usage, medicinal resources, chemical components, and pharmacological effects is still lacking. To fill this gap, the paper provides an overview of the latest research progress on Coix seed, aiming to offer guidance and references for its further development and comprehensive utilization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To gather information on the traditional usage, phytochemical ingredients, and pharmacological properties of Coix seed, we conducted a literature search using both Chinese and English languages in five databases: PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Springer. RESULTS: This article is a literature review. The chemical constituents of Coix seed include various fatty acids, esters, polysaccharides, sterols, alkaloids, triterpenes, tocopherols, lactams, lignans, phenols, flavonoids and other constituents. Modern pharmacological research has indeed shown that Coix seed has many pharmacological effects and is a natural anti-tumor drug. In addition to its anti-tumor effect, it also has pharmacological effects such as hypoglycemia, improving liver function, regulating intestinal microbiota, improving spleen function, and anti-inflammatory effects. CONCLUSIONS: This article provides a brief overview of the traditional uses, biotechnological applications, chemical components, and pharmacological effects of Coix seed. It highlights the importance of establishing quality standards, discovering new active ingredients, and exploring pharmacological mechanisms in Coix seed research. The article also emphasizes the significance of clinical trials, toxicology studies, pharmacokinetics data, and multidisciplinary collaboration for further advancements in this field. Overall, it aims to enhance understanding of Coix seed and its potential in pharmaceutical development and wellness products.


Assuntos
Coix , Hipoglicemia , Humanos , Sementes , Poaceae , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico
6.
Food Chem ; 440: 138234, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38145582

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to identify potent antioxidant peptides sourced from coix seed, analyze the structure-activity relationship through molecular docking and quantum chemical calculation. Molecular docking results showed that among thirteen peptides selected in silico, eight had favourable binding interaction with the Keap1-Kelch domain (2FLU). Promising peptides with significant binding scores were further evaluated using quantum calculation. It was shown that peptide FFDR exhibited exceptional stability, with a high energy gap of 5.24 eV and low Highest Occupied Molecular Orbitals (HOMO) and Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbitals (LUMO) values. Furthermore, FFDR displayed the capacity to enhance the expression of Nrf2-Keap1 antioxidant genes (CAT, SOD, GSH-Px) and improved cellular redox balance by increasing reduced glutathione (GSH) while reducing oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and malonaldehyde (MDA) levels. These findings highlight the potential of coix seed peptides in developing novel, effective and stable antioxidant-based functional foods.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Coix , Humanos , Antioxidantes/análise , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Células Hep G2 , Coix/química , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Sementes/química
7.
Pharm Biol ; 62(1): 2294331, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38126136

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Coix [Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. mayuen (Roman.) Stapf (Poaceae)], a crop of medicinal and edible significance, contains coixol, which has demonstrated anticancer properties. However, the limited solubility of coixol restricts its potential therapeutic applications. OBJECTIVE: This study prepared a water-soluble coixol-ß-cyclodextrin polymer (CDP) inclusion compound and evaluated its anticancer effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The coixol-CDP compound was synthesized through a solvent-stirring and freeze-drying technique. Its coixol content was quantified using HPLC, and its stability was tested under various conditions. The anticancer effects of the coixol-CDP compound (4.129, 8.259, 16.518, and 33.035 mg/L for 24, 48, and 72 h) on the proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells were evaluated using an MTT assay; cell morphology was examined by Hoechst nuclear staining; apoptosis and cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry; and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins was assessed by Western blots. RESULTS: The water-soluble coixol-CDP inclusion compound was successfully prepared with an inclusion ratio of 86.6% and an inclusion yield rate of 84.1%. The coixol content of the compound was 5.63% and the compound remained stable under various conditions. Compared to coixol alone, all 24, 48, and 72 h administrations with the coixol-CDP compound exhibited lower IC50 values (33.93 ± 2.28, 16.80 ± 1.46, and 6.93 ± 0.83 mg/L) in A549 cells; the compound also showed stronger regulatory effects on apoptosis-related proteins. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: These findings offer a new perspective for the potential clinical application of Coix in NSCLC therapy and its future research.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Coix , Neoplasias Pulmonares , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Polímeros/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia , Água
8.
Toxins (Basel) ; 15(12)2023 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38133178

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEN) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium spp., which commonly and severely contaminate food/feed. ZEN severely affects food/feed safety and reduces economic losses owing to its carcinogenicity, genotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, endocrine effects, and immunotoxicity. To explore efficient methods to detoxify ZEN, we identified and characterized an efficient ZEN-detoxifying microbiota from the culturable microbiome of Pseudostellaria heterophylla rhizosphere soil, designated Bacillus amyloliquefaciens D-1. Its highest ZEN degradation rate reached 96.13% under the optimal condition. And, D-1 can almost completely remove ZEN (90 µg·g-1) from coix semen in 24 h. Then, the D-1 strain can detoxify ZEN to ZEM, which is a new structural metabolite, through hydrolyzation and decarboxylation at the ester group in the lactone ring and amino acid esterification at C2 and C4 hydroxy. Notably, ZEM has reduced the impact on viability, and the damage of cell membrane and nucleus DNA and can significantly decrease the cell apoptosis in the HepG2 cell and TM4 cell. In addition, it was found that the D-1 strain has no adverse effect on the HepG2 and TM4 cells. Our findings can provide an efficient microbial resource and a reliable reference strategy for the biological detoxification of ZEN.


Assuntos
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , Coix , Probióticos , Zearalenona , Zearalenona/análise , Bacillus amyloliquefaciens/metabolismo , Coix/metabolismo , Sementes/química
9.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 20324, 2023 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37990123

RESUMO

The enhanced therapeutic effects and mechanisms of certain herbal combination in various herbal prescriptions are mostly unclear. A combination of two herbs, namely Ephedrae herba (EH) and Coicis semen (CS), has been commonly prescribed for obesity. In our previous work, the combination of EH and CS was studied using network pharmacological approach to predict its pharmacological targets and in vitro experiments to evaluate its efficacy on obesity. Although we demonstrated enhanced anti-adiposity effects of the combination on matured adipocytes, the molecular mechanisms and contributing compounds underlying the effects of EH-CS combination on adiposity or adipogenesis were not fully elucidated. The current study adopted integrated bioinformatics analysis to precisely validate potential targets of EH-CS by screening differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of morbid obesity patients from NCBI gene expression omnibus (GEO). Based on the functional cluster analysis of down-regulated DEGs, the anti-adipogenesis mechanism of EH-CS combination was speculated with KEGG enrichment analysis. Furthermore, we investigated the combinational effects of EH and coixol, or stigmasterol, the two compounds in CS which were expected to have main beneficial effects in metabolic diseases. Moreover, distinct effect of the combination on transcriptional activity of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) was investigated using electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). The EH-CS combination was predicted to modulate down-regulated genes which are involved in KEGG pathways crucial to metabolic disease in morbidly obese individuals. The combination of EH with CS compounds significantly increased the phosphorylation of acetyl-coA carboxylase (ACC), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and protein kinase B (AKT) in 3T3-L1 cells and decreased intracellular lipid accumulation. The two CS compounds significantly increased the anti-adipogenesis/lipogenesis effects of EH by inhibiting the gene expression levels. Finally, the combination of EH and coixol inhibited dexamethasone-induced GR translocation to the nucleus and transcriptional binding activity in adipocytes. The combination of EH and CS could be considered a therapeutic strategy for treating metabolic diseases, including obesity.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade , Coix , Doenças Metabólicas , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Adiposidade , Adipogenia/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Células 3T3-L1 , Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(31): e34464, 2023 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37543793

RESUMO

Based on network pharmacology methods, we explored the mechanism of the classic Chinese medicine formula Coix seed decoction (CSD) in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA). We searched each single drug in the CSD in the traditional Chinese medicine systematic pharmacology database in turn to obtain information on the active ingredients and target proteins of the CSD, and obtain the name of the genes corresponding to the target proteins through the UniProt database. We collected KOA-related genes from DisGeNET, GeneCards, comparative toxicogenomics database, and MalaCards database. The Venny online tool identified potential therapeutic targets by intersecting CSD and KOA target genes, while gene ontology and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes analysis was performed using the Oebiotech Cloud Platform. A protein-protein interaction network was established using the String database; a "CSD-active ingredient-target gene-KOA" network plot was constructed using Cytoscape 3.9.1 software and screened for key targets and hub targets. Finally, molecular docking was performed for hub genes with high Degree values. A total of 227 effective target genes for CSD and 8816 KOA-related target genes were obtained, as well as 191 cross-target genes for CSD and KOA. We screened 37 key gene targets and identified the top 10 hub target genes in descending order of Degree value using protein-protein interaction and Cytoscape 3.9.1 software (TNF, IL-6, MMP-9, IL-1ß, AKT-1, VEGFα, STAT-3, PTGS-2, IL-4, TP53). Gene ontology analysis showed that the biological process of CSD treatment of KOA mainly involves cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, negative regulation of apoptotic process, cellular response to hypoxia, cellular response to cadmium ion, response to estradiol, and extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes analysis revealed major signaling pathways including Cellular senescence, TNF signaling pathway, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. The molecular docking results show that the core components bind well to the core targets. In conclusion, CSD may exert therapeutic effects on KOA by inhibiting pathological processes such as inflammatory response, apoptosis, cellular senescence, and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Coix , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/genética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
11.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 478, 2023 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37612625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heat shock protein 20 (HSP20) is a member of the heat stress-related protein family, which plays critical roles in plant growth, development, and response to abiotic stresses. Although many HSP20 genes have been associated with heat stress in numerous types of plants, little is known about the details of the HSP20 gene family in Coix. To investigate the mechanisms of the ClHSP20 response to heat and drought stresses, the ClHSP20 gene family in Coix was identified and characterized based on genome-wide analysis. RESULTS: A total of 32 putative ClHSP20 genes were identified and characterized in Coix. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that ClHSP20s were grouped into 11 subfamilies. The duplicated event analysis demonstrated that tandem duplication and segment duplication events played crucial roles in promoting the expansion of the ClHSP20 gene family. Synteny analysis showed that Coix shared the highest homology in 36 HSP20 gene pairs with wheat, followed by 22, 19, 15, and 15 homologous gene pairs with maize, sorghum, barley, and rice, respectively. The expression profile analysis showed that almost all ClHSP20 genes had different expression levels in at least one tissue. Furthermore, 22 of the 32 ClHSP20 genes responded to heat stress, with 11 ClHSP20 genes being significantly upregulated and 11 ClHSP20 genes being significantly downregulated. Furthermore, 13 of the 32 ClHSP20 genes responded to drought stress, with 6 ClHSP20 genes being significantly upregulated and 5 ClHSP20 genes being significantly downregulated. CONCLUSIONS: Thirty-two ClHSP20 genes were identified and characterized in the genome of Coix. Tandem and segmental duplication were identified as having caused the expansion of the ClHSP20 gene family. The expression patterns of the ClHSP20 genes suggested that they play a critical role in growth, development, and response to heat and drought stress. The current study provides a theoretical basis for further research on ClHSP20s and will facilitate the functional characterization of ClHSP20 genes.


Assuntos
Coix , Proteínas de Choque Térmico , Animais , Secas , Filogenia , Estro
12.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(9): 306, 2023 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37501023

RESUMO

Endophytic fungi play important roles in regulating plant growth and development and usually used as a promising strategy to enhance the biosynthesis of host valuable secondary metabolite, but the underlying growth-promoting mechanisms are only partly understood. In this study, the wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings co-cultured with fungal endophyte Epichloë bromicola showed auxin (IAA)-stimulated phenotypes, and the growth-promoting effects caused by E. bromicola were further verified by the experiments of spatially separated co-culture and fungal extract treatment. IAA was detected and identified in the extract of E. bromicola culture by LC-HRMS/MS, whereas 2,3-butanediol was confirmed to be the predominant volatile active compound in the diethyl ether and ethyl acetate extracts by GC-MS. Further study observed that IAA-related genes including synthesis key enzyme genes (CYP79B2, CYP79B3, NIT1, TAA1 and YUCCA1) and controlling polar transport genes (AUX1, BIG, EIR1, AXR3 and ARF1), were highly expressed at different periods after E. bromicola inoculation. More importantly, the introduction of fungal endophyte E. bromicola could effectively promote the growth and accumulation of coixol in Coix under soil conditions. Our study showed that endophytic fungus E. bromicola might be considered as a potential inoculant for improving medicinal plant growth.


Assuntos
Coix , Epichloe , Coix/microbiologia , Epichloe/genética
13.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 98: 106526, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37515909

RESUMO

The self-assembled structures of coix seeds affected the enzymatic efficiency and doesn't facilitate the release of more active peptides. The influence of heating combined with ultrasound pretreatment (HT + US) on the structure, enzymatic properties and hydrolysates (CHPs) of coix seed prolamin was investigated. Results showed that the structural of coix seed prolamins has changed after HT + US, including increased surface hydrophobicity, reduced α-helix and random coil content, and a decrease in particle size. So that, leads to changes in thermodynamic parameters such as an increase in the reaction rate constant and a decrease in activation energy, enthalpy and enthalpy. The fractions of <1000 Da, degree of hydrolysis and α-glucosidase inhibitory were increased in the HT + US group compared to single pretreatment by 0.68%-17.34%, 12.69%-34.43% and 30.00%-53.46%. The peptide content and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of CHPs could be maintained at 72.21 % and 57.97 % of the initial raw materials after in vitro digestion. Thus, the findings indicate that HT + US provides a feasible and efficient approach to can effectively enhance the enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency and hypoglycaemic efficacy of CHPs.


Assuntos
Coix , Prolaminas/análise , Prolaminas/química , Hidrólise , Coix/química , Temperatura Alta , alfa-Glucosidases , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/química , Sementes/química
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(11): 2919-2924, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37381951

RESUMO

Zearalenone(ZEN) is a toxic metabolite produced by Fusarium culmorum, F. graminearum, F. tricinctum, and other fungi, with estrogenic characteristics. Exposure to or ingestion of ZEN during pregnancy can cause reproductive dysfunction, miscarriage, stillbirth, and malformation, and seriously endanger human life and health. The detection methods for ZEN in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) are liquid chromatography(LC) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS), and it is stipulated that ZEN should not exceed 500 µg in 1 000 g of Coicis Semen. Although these detection methods by instruments can achieve the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ZEN in Coicis Semen, their high detection cost and long periods hinder the rapid screening of a large number of samples in the field. In this study, the synthesized ZEN hapten was conjugated with bovine serum albumin(BSA) and ovalbumin(OVA) to obtain the complete ZEN antigen. By virtue of antibody preparation techniques, ZEN monoclonal antibody 4F6 was prepared, which showed 177.5%, 137.1%, and 109.7% cross-reactivity with ZEN structural analogs zearalanol, zearalenone, and α-zearalenol, respectively, and no cross-reactivity with other fungal toxins such as aflatoxin. Direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(dcELISA) based on ZEN monoclonal antibody 4F6 was developed for the determination of ZEN in Coicis Semen with an IC_(50) of 1.3 µg·L~(-1) and a detection range of 0.22-21.92 µg·L~(-1). The recoveries were 83.91%-105.3% and the RSD was 4.4%-8.0%. The established dcELISA method was used to determine the ZEN residuals in nine batches of Coicis Semen samples, and the results were validated by LC-MS. The correlation between the two detection methods was found to be 0.993 9, indicating that the established dcELISA could be used for the rapid qualitative and quantitative detection of ZEN residuals in Coicis Semen.


Assuntos
Coix , Micotoxinas , Zearalenona , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Anticorpos Monoclonais
15.
BMC Plant Biol ; 23(1): 327, 2023 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37340442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valine-glutamine (VQ) proteins are non-specific plant proteins that have a highly conserved motif: FxxhVQxhTG. These proteins are involved in the development of various plant organs such as seeds, hypocotyls, flowers, leaves and also play a role in response to salt, drought and cold stresses. Despite their importance, there is limited information available on the evolutionary and structural characteristics of VQ family genes in Coix lacryma-jobi. RESULTS: In this study, a total of 31 VQ genes were identified from the coix genome and classified into seven subgroups (I-VII) based on phylogenetic analysis. These genes were found to be unevenly distributed on 10 chromosomes. Gene structure analysis revealed that these genes had a similar type of structure within each subfamily. Moreover, 27 of ClVQ genes were found to have no introns. Conserved domain and multiple sequence alignment analysis revealed the presence of a highly conserved sequences in the ClVQ protein. This research utilized quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and promoter analysis to investigate the expression of ClVQ genes under different stress conditions. Results showed that most ClVQ genes responded to polyethylene glycol, heat treatment, salt, abscisic acid and methyl jasmonate treatment with varying degrees of expression. Furthermore, some ClVQ genes exhibited significant correlation in expression changes under abiotic stress, indicating that these genes may act synergistically in response to adversarial stress. Additionally, yeast dihybrid verification revealed an interaction between ClVQ4, ClVQ12, and ClVQ26. CONCLUSIONS: This study conducted a genome-wide analysis of the VQ gene family in coix, including an examination of phylogenetic relationships, conserved domains, cis-elements and expression patterns. The goal of the study was to identify potential drought resistance candidate genes, providing a theoretical foundation for molecular resistance breeding.


Assuntos
Coix , Coix/genética , Filogenia , Genoma , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
16.
Nutrients ; 15(11)2023 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37299437

RESUMO

Aging is closely related to many diseases and is a long-term challenge that humans face. The oxidative damage caused by the imbalance of free radicals is an important factor in aging. In this study, we investigate the antioxidant and antiaging activities of fermented coix seed polysaccharides (FCSPs) via in vitro and in vivo experiments. The FCSPs were extracted by fermenting coix seed with Saccharomyces cerevisiae for 48 h and utilizing water-extracted coix seed polysaccharides (WCSPs) as a control. Their antiaging activity and mechanism were evaluated based on the antiaging model organism Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). The results showed that the molecular weight of the FCSPs extracted by fermentation was smaller than that of the WCSPs, making them more easily absorbed and utilized. At a concentration of 5 g/L, the FCSPs' capacity to scavenge the DPPH·, ABTS+·, OH·, and O2-· radicals was greater than the WCSPs' capacity by 10.09%, 14.40%, 49.93%, and 12.86%, respectively. Moreover, C. elegans treated with FCSPs exhibited higher antioxidant enzyme activities and a lower accumulation of malonaldehyde. By inhibiting the expression of the pro-aging genes daf-2 and age-1, and upregulating the expression of the antiaging genes daf-16, sod-3, skn-1, and gcs-1 in the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IIS) signaling pathway, the FCSPs could effectively enhance stress tolerance and delay C. elegans aging. The lifespan of C. elegans in the FCSPs group was 5.91% higher than that of the WCSPs group. In conclusion, FCSPs exert better antioxidant and antiaging effects than WCSPs, which can act as a potential functional ingredient or supplement in food.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Coix , Animais , Humanos , Lactente , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Coix/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Longevidade , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Sementes/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(22): 8425-8436, 2023 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37233613

RESUMO

At present, most of the research on coix seed polyphenols (CSPs) focuses on the separation, purification, structure analysis, and biological functions of specific components, and few studies have considered the overall bioavailability and the metabolites that play a role after digestion and absorption and their biological functional activities. In this study, we constructed a MKN28 and Caco-2 cell monolayer continuous transport model (MCTM) to study the bioavailability of CSPs in the digestion and absorption stages of the stomach and small intestine. Using this model, we innovatively divided CSPs into easy-to-digest and hard-to-digest polyphenols and studied their intracellular lipid-lowering function and their influence on human intestinal flora. Transwell experiments showed that ferulic acid, rutin, naringin, arbutin, and syringetin had high transmembrane transport efficiency, especially syringetin. The methylation reaction in the monolayer membrane of Caco-2 cells may be the reason for the higher transport rate of syringetin. Further experiments showed that CPL reduced TG accumulation by more than 50% during 3T3-L1 differentiation and promoted the transformation of adipocytes into brown cells (p < 0.05). Finally, in vitro fermentation experiments showed that CSP_AP can increase the abundance of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium of human gut microbiota at the genus level (p < 0.05).


Assuntos
Coix , Polifenóis , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Células 3T3-L1 , Disponibilidade Biológica , Diferenciação Celular , Sementes , Lipídeos , Adipócitos/metabolismo
18.
Molecules ; 28(9)2023 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37175169

RESUMO

Coix lachryma-jobi L. is an excellent plant resource that has a concomitant function for medicine, foodstuff and forage in China. At present, the commonly used cultivar for both medicine and foodstuff is Xiaobaike, and the cultivar for foraging is Daheishan. However, differences in the internal composition of plants lead to the expression of different phenotypic traits. In order to comprehensively elucidate the differences in nutrient composition changes in Coix seeds, a non-targeted metabolomics method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to analyze the metabolic changes in Coix seeds at different developmental stages. An edible Coix relative (Xiaobaike) and a feeding Coix relative (Daheishan) were selected as the research subjects. In the metabolome analysis of Coix seed, 314 metabolites were identified and detected, among which organic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleotides and flavonoids were the main components. As an important standard for evaluating the quality of Coix seed, seven lipids were detected, among which fatty acids included not only even-chain fatty acids, but also odd-chain fatty acids, which was the first time detecting a variety of odd-chain fatty acids in Coix seed. The analysis of the compound contents in edible and feeding-type Coix lachryma-jobi L. and the lipid content at the mature stage showed that, among them, arachidic acid, behenic acid, heptadecanoic acid, heneicosanoic acid and pristanic acid may be the key compounds affecting the lipid content. In addition, in the whole process of semen coicis maturation, edible and feeding Coix show similar trends, and changes in the third period show clear compounds in the opposite situation, suggesting that edible and feeding Coix not only guarantee the relative stability of species but also provide raw materials for genetic breeding. This study provides valuable information on the formation of the edible and medicinal qualities of Coix.


Assuntos
Coix , Humanos , Coix/química , Melhoramento Vegetal , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Nutrientes , Metabolômica
19.
J Food Sci ; 88(6): 2723-2734, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37195191

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to prepare a highly sensitive and specific zearalenone (ZEN) monoclonal antibody, which was then used to develop an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) and a colloidal gold immunochromatographic assay (GICA). These techniques were used for the detection of Coicis Semen and related products (Coicis Semen flour, Yimigao, and Yishigao). Immunogens were synthesized by oxime active ester techniques and characterized via ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Immunogens were injected subcutaneously into the abdominal cavities and backs of mice. Using the prepared antibodies, we developed ic-ELISA and GICA rapid detection methods, which were then applied for the rapid detection of ZEN and its analogues from Coicis Semen and related products. For ic-ELISA, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) values for ZEN, α-zearalenol (α-ZEL), ß-zearalenol (ß-ZEL), zearalanone (ZAN), α-zearalanol (α-ZAL), and ß-zearalanol (ß-ZAL) were determined to be 1.13, 1.69, 2.06, 0.66, 1.20, and 0.94 ng•mL-1 , respectively. For GICA, the cutoff values of ZEN, α-ZEL, ß-ZEL, α-ZAL, and ß-ZAL on test strips were 0.5 ng•mL-1 in phosphate buffer saline (0.01 M, pH 7.4), while ZAN was found to be 0.25 ng•mL-1 . Furthermore, the cutoff values of test strips were between 10 and 20 µg∙kg-1 in Coicis Semen and related products. The results of these two detection methods were in good agreement with results from liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. This study provides technical support for the preparation of broad-specificity monoclonal antibodies against ZEN and lays the foundation for the simultaneous detection of multiple mycotoxins from food and herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Coix , Zearalenona , Animais , Camundongos , Zearalenona/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais
20.
Food Res Int ; 169: 112740, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37254373

RESUMO

The geographical traceability of food products is seen as a distinctive feature of the future of food which is increasingly becoming a concern for consumers. In this research, differences in the lipid composition of Coix seed samples from four major Chinese origins were investigated using non-targeted lipidomics. By multivariate statistical analysis, unsupervised PCA and OPLS-DA based differentiation between the four origins of Coix seed samples could be achieved. The OPLS-DA VIP > 1 screened 72 lipids out of 1211 lipids as potential markers to distinguish Coix seeds from different origins. In addition, the potential markers (SPH(d16:0), Cer(d18:2/20:0 + O) and PC(8:0e/8:0) were combined with statistical analysis algorithms to construct a discriminant function for rapid differentiation of Coix seed samples from different origins and a specific function for different origins with 100% discrimination accuracy. In general, a rapid and accurate method combining multivariate chemometrics and algorithms was developed based on untargeted lipidomics to determine the geographical origin of Coix seed samples, which can also be applied to other agricultural products.


Assuntos
Coix , Lipidômica , Lipidômica/métodos , Sementes/química , Algoritmos , Lipídeos/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...