Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.251
Filtrar
1.
Am J Surg ; 227: 213-217, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols and minimally invasive surgery have decreased colorectal length of stay. Our institution implemented a Same Day Discharge (SDD) colorectal protocol, and this study evaluates factors associated with unplanned admission. METHODS: . Retrospective review was performed from February 2019 to January 2022. Admitted SDD candidates were identified, and their course evaluated. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes were compared between cohorts. RESULTS: Review identified 152 potential SDD patients, 47 successfully discharged. Of the 105 admitted patients, the most common reasons were operative complexity (47.6 â€‹%) and social reasons (23.8 â€‹%). No differences were seen in operative times, gender, BMI, anticoagulation, or diabetes. The admission cohort was more likely to undergo low anterior resection or right colectomy and was older in age. Case complexity was the highest factor for affecting discharge. CONCLUSION: SDD can be feasible after colectomy, but in certain patients may require deviation. The most common factors requiring admission were complexity and social factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Hospitalização , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
2.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 167, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592362

RESUMO

This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate and contrast the effectiveness of robotic-assisted and laparoscopic colorectal surgery in the treatment of obese patients. In February 2024, we carried out an exhaustive search of key global databases including PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar, limiting our focus to studies published in English and Chinese. We excluded reviews, protocols lacking published results, articles derived solely from conference abstracts, and studies not relevant to our research objectives. To analyze categorical variables, we utilized the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel method along with random-effects models, calculating inverse variances and presenting the outcomes as odds ratios (ORs) along with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Statistical significance was determined when p values were less than 0.05. In our final meta-analysis, we included eight cohort studies, encompassing a total of 5,004 patients. When comparing the robotic surgery group to the laparoscopic group, the findings revealed that the robotic group experienced a longer operative time (weighted mean difference (WMD) = 37.53 min, 95% (CI) 15.58-59.47; p = 0.0008), a shorter hospital stay (WMD = -0.68 days, 95% CI -1.25 to -0.10; p = 0.02), and reduced blood loss (WMD = -49.23 mL, 95% CI -64.31 to -34.14; p < 0.00001). No significant differences were observed between the two groups regarding overall complications, conversion rates, surgical site infections, readmission rates, lymph node yield, anastomotic leakage, and intestinal obstruction. The results of our study indicate that robot-assisted colorectal surgery offers benefits for obese patients by shortening the length of hospital stay and minimizing blood loss when compared to laparoscopic surgery. Nonetheless, it is associated with longer operation times and shows no significant difference in terms of overall complications, conversion rates, rehospitalization rates, and other similar metrics.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Obesidade/complicações
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(13): 1057-1063, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561301

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of deep neuromuscular blockade (DNMB) combined with low pneumoperitoneum pressure anesthesia strategy on postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Methods: This study was a randomized controlled trial. One hundred and twenty patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery at Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 1, 2022 to May 31, 2023 were selected and randomly divided into two groups by random number table method. Moderate neuromuscular blockade [train of four stimulations count (TOFC)=1-2] was maintained in patients of the control group (group C, n=60) and pneumoperitoneum pressure level was set at 15 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). DNMB [post-tonic stimulation count (PTC)=1-2] was maintained in patients of the DNMB combined with low pneumoperitoneum pressuregroup (group D, n=60) and pneumoperitoneum pressure level was set at 10 mmHg. The primary measurement was incidence of moderate to severe pain at 1 h after surgery. The secondary measurements the included incidence of moderate to severe pain at 1, 2, 3, 5 d and 3 months after surgery, the incidence of rescue analgesic drug use, the doses of sufentanil in analgesic pumps, surgical rating scale (SRS) score, the incidence of postoperative residual neuromuscular block, postoperative recovery [evaluated with length of post anesthesia care unit (PACU) stay, time of first exhaust and defecation after surgery and length of hospital stay] and postoperative inflammation conditions [evaluated with serum concentration of interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 at 1 d and 3 d after surgery]. Results: The incidence of moderate to severe pain in group D 1 h after surgery was 13.3% (8/60), lower than 30.0% (18/60) of group C (P<0.05). The incidence of rescue analgesia in group D at 1 h and 1 d after surgery were 13.3% (8/60) and 4.2% (5/120), respectively, lower than 30.0% (18/60) and 12.5% (15/120) of group C (both P<0.05). The IL-1ß level in group D was (4.1±1.8)ng/L at 1 d after surgery, which was lower than (4.9±2.6) ng/L of group C (P=0.048). The IL-6 level in group D was (2.0±0.7)ng/L at 3 d after surgery, which was lower than (2.4±1.1) ng/L of group C (P=0.018). There was no significant difference in the doses of sufentanil in analgesic pumps, intraoperative SRS score, incidence of neuromuscular block residue, time spent in PACU, time of first exhaust and defecation after surgery, incidence of nausea and vomiting, and length of hospitalization between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: DNMB combined with low pneumoperitoneum pressure anesthesia strategy alleviates the early-stage pain in patients after laparoscopic colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Alcenos , Cirurgia Colorretal , Laparoscopia , Bloqueio Neuromuscular , Nitrocompostos , Pneumoperitônio , Humanos , Bloqueio Neuromuscular/métodos , Sufentanil , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Interleucina-6 , Laparoscopia/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória , Analgésicos
4.
Int Wound J ; 21(4): e14838, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577937

RESUMO

Wound infection is a serious complication that impacts the prognosis of patients after colorectal surgery (CS). Probiotics and synbiotics (Pro and Syn) are live bacteria that produce bacteriostatic agents in the intestinal system and have a positive effect on postoperative wound infections. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Pro and Syn on complications of wound infection after CS. In November 2023, we searched relevant clinical trial reports from Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases and screened the retrieved reports, extracted data, and finally analysed the data by using RevMan 5.3. A total of 12 studies with 1567 patients were included in the study. Pro and Syn significantly reduced total infection (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.35, 0.56; p < 0.00001), surgical incision site infection (SSI) (OR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.45, 0.81; p = 0.002), pneumonia (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.25, 0.72; p = 0.001), urinary tract infection (OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.14, 0.56; p = 0.0003), and Pro and Syn did not reduce anastomotic leakage after colorectal surgery (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.50, 1.41; p = 0.51). Pro and Syn can reduce postoperative wound infections in patients with colorectal cancer, which benefits patients' postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Probióticos , Simbióticos , Humanos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cirurgia Colorretal/efeitos adversos , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
5.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 494-500, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although malnutrition has been linked to worse healthcare outcomes, the broader context of food environments has not been examined relative to surgical outcomes. We sought to define the impact of food environment on postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing resection for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for CRC between 2014 and 2020 were identified from the Medicare database. Patient-level data were linked to the United States Department of Agriculture data on food environment. Multivariable regression was used to examine the association between food environment and the likelihood of achieving a textbook outcome (TO). TO was defined as the absence of an extended length of stay (≥75th percentile), postoperative complications, readmission, and mortality within 90 days. RESULTS: A total of 260,813 patients from 3017 counties were included in the study. Patients from unhealthy food environments were more likely to be Black, have a higher Charlson Comorbidity Index, and reside in areas with higher social vulnerability (all P < .01). Patients residing in unhealthy food environments were less likely to achieve a TO than that of patients residing in the healthiest food environments (food swamp: 48.8% vs 52.4%; food desert: 47.9% vs 53.7%; P < .05). On multivariable analysis, individuals residing in the unhealthy food environments had lower odds of achieving a TO than those of patients living in the healthiest food environments (food swamp: OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.83-0.90; food desert: OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.76-0.82); P < .05). CONCLUSION: The surrounding food environment of patients may serve as a modifiable sociodemographic risk factor that contributes to disparities in postoperative CRC outcomes.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Idoso , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Desertos Alimentares , Áreas Alagadas , Medicare , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
6.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 152, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564083

RESUMO

The robotic platform matches or surpasses laparoscopic surgery in postoperative results. However, limited date and slow adoption are noticed in the middle east. We aimed to report outcomes of robotic and laparoscopic colorectal surgery performed by fellowship-trained robotic colorectal surgeons and compare it to larger more experienced centers. Retrospective review of prospectively collected data between 2021 and 2023 of 107 patients who had robotic-assisted or laparoscopic-assisted colorectal surgery was included in the study. The outcomes were overall morbidity, serious morbidity, mortality, conversion to open, length of hospital stay, and the quality of oncological specimen. Of 107 patients, 57 were in the robotic and 50 were in the laparoscopic surgery groups. Overall, there were no significant differences in overall morbidity (46.8 vs. 53.2%, p = 0.9), serious morbidity (10.5 vs. 8%, p = 0.7), or mortality (0 vs. 4%, p = 0.2). Regarding oncological outcomes, there were no significant difference between the two groups regarding the number of lymph node harvested (17.7 ± 6.9 vs 19.0 ± 9.7, p = 0.5), R0 resections (92.7 vs. 87.1%, p = 0.5), and the rate of complete mesorectal excision (92.7 vs. 71.4%, p = 0.19). The study found that the robotic group had an 86% reduction in conversion rate to open surgery compared to the laparoscopic group, despite including more obese and physically dependent patients (OR = 0.14, 95% CI 0.03-0.7, p = 0.01). Robotic surgery appears to be a safe and effective as laparoscopic surgery in smaller colorectal surgery programs led by fellowship-trained robotic surgeons, with outcomes comparable to those of larger programs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia
7.
BJS Open ; 8(2)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has previously been reported that there are similar reoperation rates after elective colorectal surgery but higher failure-to-rescue (FTR) rates in low-volume hospitals (LVHs) versus high-volume hospitals (HVHs). This study assessed the effect of hospital volume on reoperation rate and FTR after reoperation following elective colorectal surgery in a matched cohort. METHODS: Population-based retrospective multicentre cohort study of adult patients undergoing reoperation for a complication after an elective, non-centralized colorectal operation between 2006 and 2017 in 11 hospitals. Hospitals were divided into either HVHs (3 hospitals, median ≥126 resections per year) or LVHs (8 hospitals, <126 resections per year). Patients were propensity score-matched (PSM) for baseline characteristics as well as indication and type of elective surgery. Primary outcome was FTR. RESULTS: A total of 6428 and 3020 elective colorectal resections were carried out in HVHs and LVHs, of which 217 (3.4%) and 165 (5.5%) underwent reoperation (P < 0.001), respectively. After PSM, 142 patients undergoing reoperation remained in both HVH and LVH groups for final analyses. FTR rate was 7.7% in HVHs and 10.6% in LVHs (P = 0.410). The median Comprehensive Complication Index was 21.8 in HVHs and 29.6 in LVHs (P = 0.045). There was no difference in median ICU-free days, length of stay, the risk for permanent ostomy or overall survival between the groups. CONCLUSION: The reoperation rate and postoperative complication burden was higher in LVHs with no significant difference in FTR compared with HVHs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Adulto , Humanos , Reoperação , Estudos de Coortes , Pontuação de Propensão , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia
8.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 102(4): 202-208, Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232154

RESUMO

Introducción: El manejo de los pacientes diagnosticados de diverticulitis aguda no complicada ha evolucionado en los últimos años, y según diversas guías clínicas internacionales actuales, el tratamiento ambulatorio y sin antibioterapia puede ser utilizado en pacientes seleccionados. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la adhesión de los distintos centros nacionales a estas y otras recomendaciones en esta enfermedad. Métodos: Se realizó una encuesta online a nivel nacional que se dio a conocer a través de diversas aplicaciones informáticas y se analizaron estadísticamente los resultados obtenidos. Resultados: Participaron 104 cirujanos, representando 69 centros hospitalarios nacionales. En el 82,6% de los centros, se realiza manejo ambulatorio de los pacientes diagnosticados de diverticulitis aguda no complicada. El 23,2% de los centros tiene implantado un protocolo de tratamiento sin antibioterapia en pacientes seleccionados, mientras que en los centros que no siguen estas recomendaciones, las razones principales son las dificultades logísticas para su desarrollo (49,3%) y la ausencia de evidencia actual para ello (44,8%). Se han encontrado diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar la implantación de dichos protocolos entre centros con unidades acreditadas avanzadas y aquellas que no, con mayores tasas de manejo ambulatorio y sin antibioterapia en los centros acreditados avanzados (p≤0,05). Conclusiones: A pesar de ser una enfermedad muy frecuente, existe mucha heterogeneidad en su tratamiento a nivel nacional, por lo que sería recomendable la unificación de criterios diagnósticos y de tratamiento mediante la colaboración de las sociedades científicas y la simplificación de la puesta en marcha de protocolos hospitalarios.(AU)


Introduction: Management of patients diagnosed of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis has evolved lately and according to the latest guidelines, outpatient treatment and management without antibiotherapy may be used in selected patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adhesion among national centres to these and others recommendations related to this pathology. Methods: An online national survey, that has been broadcast by several applications, was performed. The results obtained were statistically analysed. Results: A total of 104 surgeons participated, representing 69 national hospitals. Of those, in 82.6% of the centers, outpatient management is performed for acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. 23.2% of the hospitals have a protocol stablished for treatment without antibiotherapy in selected patients. Centers that do not follow these protocols allege that the mean reasons are the logistic difficulties to set them up (49.3%) and the lack of current evidence for it (44.8%). Significative statistical differences have been found when comparing the establishment of such protocols between centers with advanced accredited units and those who are not, with higher rates of outpatient management and treatment without antibiotics in accredited units (P≤.05). Conclusions: In spite that this a very common disease, there is a huge national heterogeneity in its treatment. This is why it would adviseable to unify diagnostic and treatment criteria by the collaboration of scientific societies and the simplification of the development of hospitalary protocols.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Diverticulite/terapia , Aplicações da Informática Médica , Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Cirurgia Colorretal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Diverticulite/diagnóstico , Diverticulite/reabilitação
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6985, 2024 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523142

RESUMO

To assess the anatomy of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and its branches by reviewing laparoscopic left-sided colorectal cancer surgery videos and comparing them with preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) angiography, to verify the accuracy of 3D-CT vascular reconstruction techniques. High-definition surgical videos and preoperative imaging data of 200 patients who underwent laparoscopic left-sided colorectal cancer surgery were analysed, and the alignment of the IMA and its branches in relation to the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) was observed and summarized. The above two methods were used to measure the length of the IMA and its branches. Of 200 patients, 47.0% had the sigmoid arteries (SAs) arise from the common trunk with the superior rectal artery (SRA), and 30.5% had the SAs arise from the common trunk with the left colic artery (LCA). In 3.5% of patients, the SAs arising from both the LCA and SRA. The LCA, SA, and SRA emanated from the same point in 13.5% of patients, and the LCA was absent in 5.5% of patients. The range of D cm (IMA length measured by intraoperative silk thread) and d cm (IMA length measured by 3D-CT vascular reconstruction) in all cases was 1.84-6.62 cm and 1.85-6.52 cm, respectively, and there was a significant difference between them. (p < 0.001). The lengths between the intersection of the LCA and IMV measured intraoperatively were 0.64-4.29 cm, 0.87-4.35 cm, 1.32-4.28 cm and 1.65-3.69 cm in types 1A, 1B, 1C, and 2, respectively, and there was no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.994). There was only a significant difference in the length of the IMA between the 3D-CT vascular reconstruction and intraoperative observation data, which can provide guidance to surgeons in preoperative preparation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Tech Coloproctol ; 28(1): 42, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is scarce literature on the effect of mechanical abdominal massage on the duration of ileus after colectomy, particularly in the era of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). The aim of this study was to determine whether abdominal massage after colorectal surgery with anastomosis and no stoma helps toward a faster return of intestinal transit. METHODS: This study was a superiority trial and designed as a prospective open-label, single-center, randomized controlled clinical trial with two parallel groups. Patients scheduled to undergo intestinal resection and follow an ERAS protocol were randomly assigned to either the standard ERAS group or the ERAS plus massage group. The primary endpoint was the return of intestinal transit, defined as the first passage of flatus following the operation. Secondary endpoints included time of the first bowel motion, maximal pain, 30 day complications, complications due to massage, anxiety score given by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) questionnaire, and quality of life assessed by the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire. RESULTS: Between July 2020 and June 2021, 36 patients were randomly assigned to the ERAS group or the ERAS plus massage group (n = 19). Patients characteristics were comparable. There was no significant difference in time to passage of the first flatus between the ERAS group and the ERAS plus abdominal massage group (1065 versus 1389 min, p = 0.274). No statistically significant intergroup difference was noted for the secondary endpoints. CONCLUSION: Our study, despite its limitations, failed to demonstrate any advantage of abdominal massage to prevent or even reduce symptoms of postoperative ileus after colorectal surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 38RC20.021.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Íleus , Obstrução Intestinal , Humanos , Cirurgia Colorretal/efeitos adversos , Flatulência/complicações , Íleus/etiologia , Íleus/prevenção & controle , Obstrução Intestinal/complicações , Tempo de Internação , Massagem/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMC Nephrol ; 25(1): 92, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this retrospective review, the relative importance of systemic inflammation among other causes of acute kidney injury (AKI) was investigated in 1224 consecutive colorectal surgery patients. A potential benefit from reducing excessive postoperative inflammation on AKI might then be estimated. METHODS: AKI was determined using the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The entire population (mixed group), composed of patients with or without sepsis, and a subpopulation of patients without sepsis (aseptic group) were examined. Markers indicative of inflammation were procedure duration, the first postoperative white blood cell (POD # 1 WBC) for the mixed population, and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (POD #1 NLR) for the aseptic population. Multivariable logistic regression was then performed using significant (P < 0.05) predictors. The importance of inflammation among independent predictors of AKI and AKI-related complications was then assessed. RESULTS: AKI occurred in 24.6% of the total population. For the mixed population, there was a link between inflammation (POD # 1 WBC) and AKI (P = 0.0001), on univariate regression. Medications with anti-inflammatory properties reduced AKI: ketorolac (P = 0.047) and steroids (P = 0.038). Similarly, in an aseptic population, inflammation (POD # 1 NLR) contributed significantly to AKI (P = 0.000). On multivariable analysis for the mixed and aseptic population, the POD #1 WBC and the POD #1 NLR were independently associated with AKI (P = 0.000, P = 0.022), as was procedure duration (P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001). Inflammation-related parameters were the most significant contributors to AKI. AKI correlated with complications: postoperative infections (P = 0.016), chronic renal insufficiency (CRI, P < 0.0001), non-infectious complications (P = 0.010), 30-day readmissions (P = 0.001), and length of stay (LOS, P < 0.0001). Inflammation, in patients with or without sepsis, was similarly a predictor of complications: postoperative infections (P = 0.002, P = 0.008), in-hospital complications (P = 0.000, P = 0.002), 30-day readmissions (P = 0.012, P = 0.371), and LOS (P < 0.0001, P = 0.006), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Systemic inflammation is an important cause of AKI. Limiting early postsurgical inflammation has the potential to improve postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Cirurgia Colorretal , Sepse , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Linfócitos , Sepse/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Acta Oncol ; 63: 35-43, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery can lead to curation in colorectal cancer (CRC) but is associated with significant morbidity. Prehabilitation plays an important role in increasing preoperative physical fitness to reduce morbidity risk; however, data from real-world practice is scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the change in preoperative physical fitness and to evaluate which patients benefit most from prehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-arm prospective cohort study, consecutive patients undergoing elective colorectal oncological surgery were offered a 3- to 4-week multimodal prehabilitation program (supervised physical exercise training, dietary consultation, protein and vitamin supplementation, smoking cessation, and psychological support). The primary outcome was the change in preoperative aerobic fitness (steep ramp test (SRT)). Secondary outcomes were the change in functional walking capacity (6-minute walk test (6MWT)), and muscle strength (one-repetition maximum (1RM) for various muscle groups). To evaluate who benefit most from prehabilitation, participants were divided in quartiles (Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4) based on baseline performance. RESULTS: In total, 101 patients participated (51.4% male, aged 69.7 ± 12.7 years). The preoperative change in SRT was +28.3 W, +0.36 W/kg, +16.7% (P<0.001). Patients in all quartiles improved at the group level; however, the relative improvement decreased from Q1-Q2, Q2-Q3, and Q3-Q4 (P=0.049). Change in 6MWT was +37.5 m, +7.7% (P<0.001) and 1RM improved with 5.6-33.2 kg, 16.1-32.5% for the various muscle groups (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Prehabilitation in elective oncological colorectal surgery is associated with enhanced preoperative physical fitness regardless of baseline performance. Improvements were relatively larger in less fit patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Exercício Pré-Operatório , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Análise de Dados , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
13.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 147, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554192

RESUMO

Increasing robotic surgical utilisation in colorectal surgery internationally has strengthened the need for standardised training. Deconstructed procedural descriptions identify components of an operation that can be integrated into proficiency-based progression training. This approach allows both access to skill level appropriate training opportunities and objective and comparable assessment. Robotic colorectal surgery has graded difficulty of operative procedures lending itself ideally to component training. Developing deconstructed procedural descriptions may assist in the structure and progression components in robotic colorectal surgical training. There is no currently published guide to procedural descriptions in robotic colorectal surgical or assessment of their training utility. This scoping review was conducted in June 2022 following the PRISMA-ScR guidelines to identify which robotic colorectal surgical procedures have available component-based procedural descriptions. Secondary aims were identifying the method of development of these descriptions and how they have been adapted in a training context. 20 published procedural descriptions were identified covering 8 robotic colorectal surgical procedures with anterior resection the most frequently described procedure. Five publications included descriptions of how the procedural description has been utilised for education and training. From these publications terminology relating to using deconstructed procedural descriptions in robotic colorectal surgical training is proposed. Development of deconstructed robotic colorectal procedural descriptions (DPDs) in an international context may assist in the development of a global curriculum of component operating competencies supported by objective metrics. This will allow for standardisation of robotic colorectal surgical training and supports a proficiency-based training approach.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Cirurgia Colorretal/educação , Robótica/educação , Currículo , Competência Clínica
14.
J Surg Res ; 296: 720-734, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367523

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of colorectal surgery among older adults is expected to rise due to the aging population. Geriatric conditions (e.g., frailty) are risk factors for poor surgical outcomes. The goal of this systematic review is to examine how current literature describes geriatric assessment interventions in colorectal surgery and associated outcomes. METHODS: Systematic searches of Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science were completed. Review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and prospectively registered in PROSPERO, the international prospective register of systematic reviews in health and social care. All cohort studies and randomized trials of adult colorectal surgery patients where geriatric assessment was performed were included. Geriatric assessment with/without management interventions were identified and described. RESULTS: Seven-hundred ninety-three studies were identified. Duplicates (197) were removed. An additional 525 were excluded after title/abstract review. After full-text review, 20 studies met the criteria. Reference list review increased final total to 25 studies. All 25 studies were cohort studies. No randomized clinical trials were identified. Heterogeneous assessments were organized into geriatrics domains (mind, mobility, medications, matters most, and multi-complexity). Incomplete evaluations across geriatric domains were performed with few studies describing the use of assessments to impact management decisions. CONCLUSIONS: There are no randomized trials assessing the impact of geriatric assessment to tailor management strategies and improve outcomes in colorectal surgery. Few studies performed assessments to evaluate the geriatric domain matters most. These findings represent a gap in evidence for the efficacy of geriatric assessment and management strategies in colorectal surgical care.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Fragilidade , Humanos , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Envelhecimento
15.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 76, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409295

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the association of postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP), leucocytes and vital signs in the first three postoperative days (PODs) with major complications after oncological colorectal resections in a tertiary referral centre for colorectal cancer in The Netherlands. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study, including 594 consecutive patients who underwent an oncological colorectal resection at Maastricht University Medical Centre between January 2016 and December 2020. Descriptive analyses of patient characteristics were performed. Logistic regression models were used to assess associations of leucocytes, CRP and Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) at PODs 1-3 with major complications. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were used to establish cut-off values for CRP. RESULTS: A total of 364 (61.3%) patients have recovered without any postoperative complications, 134 (22.6%) patients have encountered minor complications and 96 (16.2%) developed major complications. CRP levels reached their peak on POD 2, with a mean value of 155 mg/L. This peak was significantly higher in patients with more advanced stages of disease and patients undergoing open procedures, regardless of complications. A cut-off value of 170 mg/L was established for CRP on POD 2 and 152 mg/L on POD 3. Leucocytes and MEWS also demonstrated a peak on POD 2 for patients with major complications. CONCLUSIONS: Statistically significant associations were found for CRP, Δ CRP, Δ leucocytes and MEWS with major complications on POD 2. Patients with CRP levels ≥ 170 mg/L on POD 2 should be carefully evaluated, as this may indicate an increased risk of developing major complications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Cirurgia Colorretal , Humanos , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Curva ROC , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Sinais Vitais , Biomarcadores
16.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2315229, 2024 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346397

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of intraoperative systemic lidocaine administration in major abdominal surgeries. We tested the hypothesis that systemic lidocaine is associated with an enhanced early quality of recovery in patients following laparoscopic colorectal resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We randomly allocated 126 patients scheduled for laparoscopic colorectal surgery in a 1:1 ratio to receive either lidocaine (1.5 mg kg-1 bolus over 10 min, followed by continuous infusion at 2 mg kg-1 h-1 until the end of surgery) or identical volumes and rates of saline. The primary outcome was the Quality of Recovery-15 score assessed 24 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes were areas under the pain numeric rating scale curve over time, 48-h morphine consumption, and adverse events. RESULTS: Compared with saline, systemic lidocaine improved the Quality of Recovery-15 score 24 h postoperatively, with a median difference of 4 (95% confidence interval: 1-6; p = 0.015). Similarly, the area under the pain numeric rating scale curve over 48 h at rest and on movement was reduced in the lidocaine group (p = 0.004 and p < 0.001, respectively). However, these differences were not clinically meaningful. Lidocaine infusion reduced the intraoperative remifentanil requirements but not postoperative 48-h morphine consumption (p < 0.001 and p = 0.34, respectively). Additionally, patients receiving lidocaine had a quicker and earlier return of bowel function, as indicated by a shorter time to first flatus (log-rank p < 0.001), yet ambulation time was similar between groups (log-rank test, p = 0.11). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery, intraoperative systemic lidocaine resulted in statistically but not clinically significant improvements in quality of recovery (see Graphical Abstract).Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry; ChiCTR1900027635.


Systemic lidocaine failed to clinically improve the overall quality of recovery following laparoscopic colorectal resection.Systemic lidocaine reduced intraoperative remifentanil and time to first flatus but not postoperative 48-h morphine consumption.No differences emerged in patient-reported outcomes like opioid side effects, mobility, or satisfaction between groups postoperatively.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Anestésicos Locais/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Colorretal/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Morfina/uso terapêutico
17.
Eur J Anaesthesiol ; 41(5): 363-366, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open colectomy is still performed around the world and associated with significant postoperative pain. OBJECTIVES: Unpublished recommendations based on a systematic review were proposed by the PROcedure SPECific postoperative pain managemenT (PROSPECT) group in 2016. We aimed to update these recommendations by evaluating the available literature and develop recommendations for optimal pain management after open colectomy according to the PROSPECT methodology. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: A systematic review using the PROSPECT methodology was undertaken. Randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews published in the English language from 2016 to 2022 assessing postoperative pain after open colectomy using analgesic, anaesthetic or surgical interventions were identified. The primary outcome included postoperative pain scores. RESULTS: The previous 2016 review included data from 93 studies. Out of 842 additional eligible studies identified, 13 new studies were finally retrieved for analysis. Intra-operative and postoperative interventions that improved postoperative pain were paracetamol, epidural analgesia. When epidural is not feasible, intravenous lidocaine or bilateral TAP block or postoperative continuous pre-peritoneal infusion are recommended. Intra-operative and postoperative Cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 specific-inhibitors or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recommended for colonic surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The analgesic regimen for open colectomy should include intra-operative paracetamol and COX-2 specific inhibitors or NSAIDs (restricted to colonic surgery), epidural and continued postoperatively with opioids used as rescue analgesics. If epidural is not feasible, bilateral TAP block or IV lidocaine are recommended. Safety issues should be highlighted: local anaesthetics should not be administered by two different routes at the same time. Because of the risk of toxicity, careful dosing and monitoring are necessary.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Manejo da Dor , Humanos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Acetaminofen , Cirurgia Colorretal/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Lidocaína , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico
18.
World J Surg ; 48(4): 956-966, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The level of post-operative mobilization according to Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines is not always achieved. We investigated whether immediate mobilization increases postoperative physical activity. The objective was to evaluate the effects of immediate postoperative mobilization in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) compared to standard care. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial, involved 144 patients, age ≥18 years, undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Patients were randomized to mobilization starting 30 min after arrival in the PACU, or to standard care. Standard care consisted of mobilization a few hours later at the ward according to ERAS guidelines. The primary outcome was physical activity, in terms of number of steps, measured with an accelerometer during postoperative days (PODs) 1-3. Secondary outcomes were physical capacity, functional mobility, time to readiness for discharge, complications, compliance with the ERAS protocol, and physical activity 1 month after surgery. RESULTS: With the intention-to-treat analysis of 144 participants (median age 71, 58% female) 47% underwent laparoscopic-or robotic-assisted surgery. No differences in physical activity during hospital stay were found between the participants in the intervention group compared to the standard care group (adjusted mean ratio 0.97 on POD 1 [95% CI, 0.75-1.27], p = 0.84; 0.89 on POD 2 [95% CI, 0.68-1.16], p = 0.39, and 0.90 on POD 3 [95% CI, 0.69-1.17], p = 0.44); no differences were found in any of the other outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of the intervention of immediate mobilization to standard care did not make the patients more physically active during their hospital stay. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NTC 03357497.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Adolescente , Masculino , Exercício Físico , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
Surg Endosc ; 38(4): 1723-1730, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Predicting the risk of anastomotic leak (AL) is of importance when defining the optimal surgical strategy in colorectal surgery. Our objective was to perform a systematic review of existing scores in the field. METHODS: We followed the PRISMA checklist (S1 Checklist). Medline, Cochrane Central and Embase were searched for observational studies reporting on scores predicting AL after the creation of a colorectal anastomosis. Studies reporting only validation of existing scores and/or scores based on post-operative variables were excluded. PRISMA 2020 recommendations were followed. Qualitative analysis was performed. RESULTS: Eight hundred articles were identified. Seven hundred and ninety-one articles were excluded after title/abstract and full-text screening, leaving nine studies for analysis. Scores notably included the Colon Leakage Score, the modified Colon Leakage Score, the REAL score, www.anastomoticleak.com and the PROCOLE score. Four studies (44.4%) included more than 1.000 patients and one extracted data from existing studies (meta-analysis of risk factors). Scores included the following pre-operative variables: age (44.4%), sex (77.8%), ASA score (66.6%), BMI (33.3%), diabetes (22.2%), respiratory comorbidity (22.2%), cardiovascular comorbidity (11.1%), liver comorbidity (11.1%), weight loss (11.1%), smoking (33.3%), alcohol consumption (33.3%), steroid consumption (33.3%), neo-adjuvant treatment (44.9%), anticoagulation (11.1%), hematocrit concentration (22.2%), total proteins concentration (11.1%), white blood cell count (11.1%), albumin concentration (11.1%), distance from the anal verge (77.8%), number of hospital beds (11.1%), pre-operative bowel preparation (11.1%) and indication for surgery (11.1%). Scores included the following peri-operative variables: emergency surgery (22.2%), surgical approach (22.2%), duration of surgery (66.6%), blood loss/transfusion (55.6%), additional procedure (33.3%), operative complication (22.2%), wound contamination class (1.11%), mechanical anastomosis (1.11%) and experience of the surgeon (11.1%). Five studies (55.6%) reported the area under the curve (AUC) of the scores, and four (44.4%) included a validation set. CONCLUSION: Existing scores are heterogeneous in the identification of pre-operative variables allowing predicting AL. A majority of scores was established from small cohorts of patients which, considering the low incidence of AL, might lead to miss potential predictors of AL. AUC is seldom reported. We recommend that new scores to predict the risk of AL in colorectal surgery to be based on large cohorts of patients, to include a validation set and to report the AUC.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Reto/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...