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1.
Protein Sci ; 33(5): e4975, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588275

RESUMO

The deubiquitinase (DUB) ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14) is a dual domain protein that plays a regulatory role in proteasomal degradation and has been identified as a promising therapeutic target. USP14 comprises a conserved USP domain and a ubiquitin-like (Ubl) domain separated by a 25-residue linker. The enzyme activity of USP14 is autoinhibited in solution, but is enhanced when bound to the proteasome, where the Ubl and USP domains of USP14 bind to the Rpn1 and Rpt1/Rpt2 units, respectively. No structure of full-length USP14 in the absence of proteasome has yet been presented, however, earlier work has described how transient interactions between Ubl and USP domains in USP4 and USP7 regulate DUB activity. To better understand the roles of the Ubl and USP domains in USP14, we studied the Ubl domain alone and in full-length USP14 by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and used small angle x-ray scattering and molecular modeling to visualize the entire USP14 protein ensemble. Jointly, our results show how transient interdomain interactions between the Ubl and USP domains of USP14 predispose its conformational ensemble for proteasome binding, which may have functional implications for proteasome regulation and may be exploited in the design of future USP14 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Ubiquitina , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteólise , Ubiquitina/química , Conformação Molecular , Modelos Moleculares
2.
Vet Res ; 55(1): 45, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589958

RESUMO

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) is a novel porcine enteric coronavirus that causes acute watery diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration in newborn piglets. The type III interferon (IFN-λ) response serves as the primary defense against viruses that replicate in intestinal epithelial cells. However, there is currently no information available on how SADS-CoV modulates the production of IFN-λ. In this study, we utilized IPI-FX cells (a cell line of porcine ileum epithelium) as an in vitro model to investigate the potential immune evasion strategies employed by SADS-CoV against the IFN-λ response. Our results showed that SADS-CoV infection suppressed the production of IFN-λ1 induced by poly(I:C). Through screening SADS-CoV-encoded proteins, nsp1, nsp5, nsp10, nsp12, nsp16, E, S1, and S2 were identified as antagonists of IFN-λ1 production. Specifically, SADS-CoV nsp1 impeded the activation of the IFN-λ1 promoter mediated by MAVS, TBK1, IKKε, and IRF1. Both SADS-CoV and nsp1 obstructed poly(I:C)-induced nuclear translocation of IRF1. Moreover, SADS-CoV nsp1 degraded IRF1 via the ubiquitin-mediated proteasome pathway without interacting with it. Overall, our study provides the first evidence that SADS-CoV inhibits the type III IFN response, shedding light on the molecular mechanisms employed by SADS-CoV to evade the host immune response.


Assuntos
Alphacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Suínos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Interferon lambda , Alphacoronavirus/fisiologia , Ubiquitinas , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária
3.
Protein Sci ; 33(5): e4970, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591484

RESUMO

Histone H1 is involved in chromatin compaction and dynamics. In human cells, the H1 complement is formed by different amounts of somatic H1 subtypes, H1.0-H1.5 and H1X. The amount of each variant depends on the cell type, the cell cycle phase, and the time of development and can be altered in disease. However, the mechanisms regulating H1 protein levels have not been described. We have analyzed the contribution of the proteasome to the degradation of H1 subtypes in human cells using two different inhibitors: MG132 and bortezomib. H1 subtypes accumulate upon treatment with both drugs, indicating that the proteasome is involved in the regulation of H1 protein levels. Proteasome inhibition caused a global increase in cytoplasmatic H1, with slight changes in the composition of H1 bound to chromatin and chromatin accessibility and no alterations in the nucleosome repeat length. The analysis of the proteasome degradation pathway showed that H1 degradation is ubiquitin-independent. The whole protein and its C-terminal domain can be degraded directly by the 20S proteasome in vitro. Partial depletion of PA28γ revealed that this regulatory subunit contributes to H1 degradation within the cell. Our study shows that histone H1 protein levels are under tight regulation to prevent its accumulation in the nucleus. We revealed a new regulatory mechanism for histone H1 degradation, where the C-terminal disordered domain is responsible for its targeting and degradation by the 20S proteasome, a process enhanced by the regulatory subunit PA28γ.


Assuntos
Histonas , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Humanos , Histonas/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Cromatina
4.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 402, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among the most common forms of cancer worldwide, breast cancer posed a serious threat to women. Recent research revealed a lack of oxygen, known as hypoxia, was crucial in forming breast cancer. This research aimed to create a robust signature with hypoxia-related genes to predict the prognosis of breast cancer patients. The function of hypoxia genes was further studied through cell line experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the bioinformatic part, transcriptome and clinical information of breast cancer were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA). Hypoxia-related genes were downloaded from the Genecards Platform. Differentially expressed hypoxia-related genes (DEHRGs) were identified. The TCGA filtered data was evenly split, ensuring a 1:1 distribution between the training and testing sets. Prognostic-related DEHRGs were identified through Cox regression. The signature was established through the training set. Then, it was validated using the test set and external validation set GSE131769 from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The nomogram was created by incorporating the signature and clinicopathological characteristics. The predictive value of the nomogram was evaluated by C-index and receiver operating characteristiccurve. Immune microenvironment and mutation burden were also examined. In the experiment part, the function of the two most significant hypoxia-related genes were further explored by cell-line experiments. RESULTS: In the bioinformatic part, 141 up-regulated and 157 down-regulated DEHRGs were screened out. A prognostic signature was constructed containing nine hypoxia genes (ALOX15B, CA9, CD24, CHEK1, FOXM1, HOTAIR, KCNJ11, NEDD9, PSME2) in the training set. Low-risk patients exhibited a much more favorable prognosis than higher-risk ones (P < 0.001). The signature was double-validated in the test set and GSE131769 (P = 0.006 and P = 0.001). The nomogram showed excellent predictive value with 1-year OS AUC: 0.788, 3-year OS AUC: 0.783, and 5-year OS AUC: 0.817. Patients in the high-risk group had a higher tumor mutation burden when compared to the low-risk group. In the experiment part, the down-regulation of PSME2 inhibited cell growth ability and clone formation capability of breast cancer cells, while the down-regulation of KCNJ11 did not have any functions. CONCLUSION: Based on 9 DEHRGs, a reliable signature was established through the bioinformatic method. It could accurately predict the prognosis of breast cancer patients. Cell line experiment indicated that PSME2 played a protective role. Summarily, we provided a new insight to predict the prognosis of breast cancer by hypoxia-related genes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Prognóstico , Nomogramas , Hipóxia/genética , Oxigênio , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma
5.
Neuromolecular Med ; 26(1): 9, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568291

RESUMO

Aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) and α-syn cytotoxicity are hallmarks of sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-dependent enhancement of the expression of the 20S proteasome core particles (20S CPs) and regulatory particles (RPs) increases proteasome activity, which can promote α-syn clearance in PD. Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α) may reduce oxidative stress by strongly inducing Nrf2 gene expression. In the present study, tetramethylpyrazine nitrone (TBN), a potent-free radical scavenger, promoted α-syn clearance by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) in cell models overexpressing the human A53T mutant α-syn. In the α-syn transgenic mice model, TBN improved motor impairment, decreased the products of oxidative damage, and down-regulated the α-syn level in the serum. TBN consistently up-regulated PGC-1α and Nrf2 expression in tested models of PD. Additionally, TBN similarly enhanced the proteasome 20S subunit beta 8 (Psmb8) expression, which is linked to chymotrypsin-like proteasome activity. Furthermore, TBN increased the mRNA levels of both the 11S RPs subunits Pa28αß and a proteasome chaperone, known as the proteasome maturation protein (Pomp). Interestingly, specific siRNA targeting of Nrf2 blocked TBN's effects on Psmb8, Pa28αß, Pomp expression, and α-syn clearance. In conclusion, TBN promotes the clearance of α-syn via Nrf2-mediated UPS activation, and it may serve as a potentially disease-modifying therapeutic agent for PD.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Pirazinas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , alfa-Sinucleína/genética , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ubiquitinas
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7997, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580756

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by high incidence and fatality rates worldwide. In our exploration of prognostic factors in HCC, the 26s proteasome subunit, non-ATPase 1 (PSMD1) protein emerged as a significant contributor, demonstrating its potential as a therapeutic target in this aggressive cancer. PSMD1 is a subunit of the 19S regulatory particle in the 26S proteasome complex; the 19S particle controls the deubiquitination of ubiquitinated proteins, which are then degraded by the proteolytic activity of the complex. Proteasome-targeting in cancer therapy has received significant attention because of its practical application as an established anticancer agent. We investigated whether PSMD1 plays a critical role in cancer owing to its prognostic significance. PSMD1 depletion induced cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, DNA damage and apoptosis of cancer cells, irrespective of the p53 status. PSMD1 depletion-mediated cell death was accompanied by an increase in overall protein ubiquitination. These phenotypes occurred exclusively in cancer cells, with no effects observed in normal cells. These findings indicate that PSMD1 depletion-mediated ubiquitination of cellular proteins induces cell cycle arrest and eventual death in cancer cells, emphasizing PSMD1 as a potential therapeutic target in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Ubiquitinação , Apoptose/genética , Dano ao DNA
7.
J Clin Immunol ; 44(4): 88, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578475

RESUMO

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) has a critical role in post-translational protein modification that is essential for the maintenance of all cellular functions, including immune responses. The proteasome complex is ubiquitously expressed and is responsible for degradation of short-lived structurally abnormal, misfolded and not-needed proteins that are targeted for degradation via ubiquitin conjugation. Over the last 14 years, an increasing number of human diseases have been linked to pathogenic variants in proteasome subunits and UPS regulators. Defects of the proteasome complex or its chaperons - which have a regulatory role in the assembly of the proteasome - disrupt protein clearance and cellular homeostasis, leading to immune dysregulation, severe inflammation, and neurodevelopmental disorders in humans. Proteasome-associated diseases have complex inheritance, including monogenic, digenic and oligogenic disorders and can be dominantly or recessively inherited. In this review, we summarize the current known genetic causes of proteasomal disease, and discuss the molecular pathogenesis of these conditions based on the function and cellular expression of mutated proteins in the proteasome complex.


Assuntos
Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Ubiquitina , Humanos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Síndrome , Ubiquitina/metabolismo
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473923

RESUMO

Lewy body diseases (LBDs) feature α-synuclein (α-syn)-containing Lewy bodies, with misfolded α-syn potentially propagating as seeds. Using a seeding amplification assay, we previously reported distinct α-syn seeding in LBD cases based on the area under seeding curves. This study revealed that LBD cases showing different α-syn seeding kinetics have distinct proteomics profiles, emphasizing disruptions in mitochondria and lipid metabolism in high-seeder cases. Though the mechanisms underlying LBD development are intricate, the factors influencing α-syn seeding activity remain elusive. To address this and complement our previous findings, we conducted targeted transcriptome analyses in the substantia nigra using the nanoString nCounter assay together with histopathological evaluations in high (n = 4) and low (n = 3) nigral α-syn seeders. Neuropathological findings (particularly the substantia nigra) were consistent between these groups and were characterized by neocortical LBD associated with Alzheimer's disease neuropathologic change. Among the 1811 genes assessed, we identified the top 20 upregulated and downregulated genes and pathways in α-syn high seeders compared with low seeders. Notably, alterations were observed in genes and pathways related to transmembrane transporters, lipid metabolism, and the ubiquitin-proteasome system in the high α-syn seeders. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the molecular behavior of α-syn is the driving force in the neurodegenerative process affecting the substantia nigra through these identified pathways. These insights highlight their potential as therapeutic targets for attenuating LBD progression.


Assuntos
Doença por Corpos de Lewy , alfa-Sinucleína , Humanos , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Doença por Corpos de Lewy/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 102: 129680, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428537

RESUMO

Dihydroquinolizinones (DHQs) that inhibit cellular polyadenylating polymerases 5 and 7 (PAPD5 & 7), such as RG7834, have been shown to inhibit both hepatitis A (HAV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) in vitro and in vivo. In this report, we describe RG7834-based proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs), such as compound 12b, (6S)-9-((1-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-1,3-dioxoisoindolin-4-yl)amino)-21-oxo-3,6,9,12,15,18-hexaoxa-22-azapentacosan-25-yl)oxy)-6-isopropyl-10-methoxy-2-oxo-6,7-dihydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid. The PROTAC DHQs described here inhibited an HAV reporter virus in vitro with an IC50 of 277 nM. Although the PROTAC DHQs were also inhibitory to HBV, their activities were substantially less potent against HBV in vitro, being in the 10 to 20 µM range, based on the reduction of HBsAg and HBV mRNA levels. Importantly, unlike RG7834, the incubation of cells in vitro with PROTAC DHQ 12b resulted in the degradation of PAPD5, as expected for a PROTAC compound, but curiously not PAPD7. PAPD5 polypeptide degradation was prevented when a proteasome inhibitor, epoxomicin, was used, indicating that proteasome mediated proteolysis was associated with the observed activities of 12b. Taken together, these data show that 12b is the first example of a PROTAC that suppresses both HAV and HBV that is based on a small molecule warhead. The possibility that it has mechanisms that differ from its parent compound, RG7834, and has clinical value, is discussed.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite A , Vírus da Hepatite B , Proteólise , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5861, 2024 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467767

RESUMO

There has been an upward trend in the incidence of glioma, with high recurrence and high mortality. The beta subunits of the 20S proteasome are encoded by the proteasome beta (PSMB) genes and may affect the proteasome's function in glioma, assembly and inhibitor binding. This study attempted to reveal the function of the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells, which is affected by proteasome 20S subunit beta 2 (PSMB2). We subjected the data downloaded from the TCGA database to ROC, survival, and enrichment analyses. After establishing the stable PSMB2 knockdown glioma cell line. We detect the changes in the proliferation, invasion and migration of glioma cells by plate colony formation assay, transwell assay, wound healing assay and flow cytometry and PSMB2 expression was verified by quantitative PCR and Western blotting to identify the mRNA and protein levels. PSMB2 expression was higher in glioma tissues, and its expression positively correlated with poor prognosis and high tumor grade and after PSMB2 knockdown, the proliferation, invasion and migration of glioma cells were weakened.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Humanos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Glioma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
12.
J Cell Biol ; 223(5)2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448163

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins are degraded by proteasomes in the cytosol through ER-associated degradation (ERAD). This process involves the retrotranslocation of substrates across the ER membrane, their ubiquitination, and membrane extraction by the Cdc48/Npl4/Ufd1 ATPase complex prior to delivery to proteasomes for degradation. How the presence of a folded luminal domain affects substrate retrotranslocation and this event is coordinated with subsequent ERAD steps remains unknown. Here, using a model substrate with a folded luminal domain, we showed that Cdc48 ATPase activity is sufficient to drive substrate retrotranslocation independently of ERAD membrane components. However, the complete degradation of the folded luminal domain required substrate-tight coupling of retrotranslocation and proteasomal degradation, which was ensured by the derlin Dfm1. Mutations in Dfm1 intramembrane rhomboid-like or cytosolic Cdc48-binding regions resulted in partial degradation of the substrate with accumulation of its folded domain. Our study revealed Dfm1 as a critical regulator of Cdc48-driven retrotranslocation and highlights the importance of coordinating substrate retrotranslocation and degradation during ERAD.


Assuntos
Retículo Endoplasmático , Proteínas de Membrana , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Citosol , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Degradação Associada com o Retículo Endoplasmático , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
13.
PLoS Biol ; 22(3): e3002548, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452120

RESUMO

Proteasomes and autophagy constitute the 2 main proteolytic machineries for cytoplasmic content. A new study in PLOS Biology now demonstrates that autophagy stimulation alters proteasome composition, degrading hyperactive immunoproteasomes and thereby limiting inflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Humanos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteólise , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Autofagia
14.
Mol Cell ; 84(6): 1000-1002, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518747

RESUMO

In a recent study in Nature, Haakonsen et al.1 identify the SIFI complex as a stress response silencer via its E3 ligase activity to target unimported mitochondrial proteins and stress response components for degradation via the proteasome.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Sobrevivência Celular , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
15.
PLoS Biol ; 22(3): e3002543, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466732

RESUMO

Protein quality control pathways play important roles in resistance against pathogen infection. For example, the conserved transcription factor SKN-1/NRF up-regulates proteostasis capacity after blockade of the proteasome and also promotes resistance against bacterial infection in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. SKN-1/NRF has 3 isoforms, and the SKN-1A/NRF1 isoform, in particular, regulates proteasomal gene expression upon proteasome dysfunction as part of a conserved bounce-back response. We report here that, in contrast to the previously reported role of SKN-1 in promoting resistance against bacterial infection, loss-of-function mutants in skn-1a and its activating enzymes ddi-1 and png-1 show constitutive expression of immune response programs against natural eukaryotic pathogens of C. elegans. These programs are the oomycete recognition response (ORR), which promotes resistance against oomycetes that infect through the epidermis, and the intracellular pathogen response (IPR), which promotes resistance against intestine-infecting microsporidia. Consequently, skn-1a mutants show increased resistance to both oomycete and microsporidia infections. We also report that almost all ORR/IPR genes induced in common between these programs are regulated by the proteasome and interestingly, specific ORR/IPR genes can be induced in distinct tissues depending on the exact trigger. Furthermore, we show that increasing proteasome function significantly reduces oomycete-mediated induction of multiple ORR markers. Altogether, our findings demonstrate that proteasome regulation keeps innate immune responses in check in a tissue-specific manner against natural eukaryotic pathogens of the C. elegans epidermis and intestine.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata
16.
Vet Microbiol ; 292: 110036, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458048

RESUMO

Group A Rotavirus (RVA) is a major cause of diarrhea in infants and piglets. ß2-microglobulin (ß2 M), encoded by the B2M gene, serves as a crucial subunit of the major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules. ß2 M is indispensable for the transport of MHC-I to the cell membrane. MHC-I, also known as swine leukocyte antigen class I (SLA-I) in pigs, presents viral antigens to the cell surface. In this study, RVA infection down-regulated ß2 M expression in both porcine intestinal epithelial cells-J2 (IPEC-J2) and MA-104 cells. RVA infection did not down-regulate the mRNA level of the B2M gene, indicating that the down-regulation of ß2 M occurred on the protein level. Mechanismly, RVA infection triggered ß2 M aggregation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and enhanced the Lys48 (K48)-linked ubiquitination of ß2 M, leading to the degradation of ß2 M through ERAD-proteasome pathway. Furthermore, we found that RVA infection significantly impeded the level of SLA-I on the surface, and the overexpression of ß2 M could recover its expression. In this study, our study demonstrated that RVA infection degrades ß2 M via ERAD-proteasome pathway, consequently hampering SLA-I expression on the cell surface. This study would enhance the understanding of the mechanism of how RVA infection induces immune escape.


Assuntos
Infecções por Rotavirus , Doenças dos Suínos , Humanos , Animais , Suínos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Microglobulina beta-2/genética , Microglobulina beta-2/metabolismo , Infecções por Rotavirus/veterinária , Degradação Associada com o Retículo Endoplasmático , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Membrana Celular , Doenças dos Suínos/metabolismo
17.
Am J Hum Genet ; 111(4): 791-804, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503300

RESUMO

Mutations in proteasome ß-subunits or their chaperone and regulatory proteins are associated with proteasome-associated autoinflammatory disorders (PRAAS). We studied six unrelated infants with three de novo heterozygous missense variants in PSMB10, encoding the proteasome ß2i-subunit. Individuals presented with T-B-NK± severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and clinical features suggestive of Omenn syndrome, including diarrhea, alopecia, and desquamating erythematous rash. Remaining T cells had limited T cell receptor repertoires, a skewed memory phenotype, and an elevated CD4/CD8 ratio. Bone marrow examination indicated severely impaired B cell maturation with limited V(D)J recombination. All infants received an allogeneic stem cell transplant and exhibited a variety of severe inflammatory complications thereafter, with 2 peri-transplant and 2 delayed deaths. The single long-term transplant survivor showed evidence for genetic rescue through revertant mosaicism overlapping the affected PSMB10 locus. The identified variants (c.166G>C [p.Asp56His] and c.601G>A/c.601G>C [p.Gly201Arg]) were predicted in silico to profoundly disrupt 20S immunoproteasome structure through impaired ß-ring/ß-ring interaction. Our identification of PSMB10 mutations as a cause of SCID-Omenn syndrome reinforces the connection between PRAAS-related diseases and SCID.


Assuntos
Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa , Lactente , Humanos , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/genética , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Mutação/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética
18.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167124, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508474

RESUMO

Metastasis promotes the development of tumors and is a significant cause of gastric cancer death. For metastasis to proceed, tumor cells must become mobile by modulating their cytoskeleton. MICAL1 (Molecule Interacting with CasL1) is known as an actin cytoskeleton regulator, but the mechanisms by which it drives gastric cancer cell migration are still unclear. Analysis of gastric cancer tissues revealed that MICAL1 expression is dramatically upregulated in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) samples as compared to noncancerous stomach tissues. Patients with high MICAL1 expression had shorter overall survival (OS), post-progression survival (PPS) and first-progression survival (FPS) compared with patients with low MICAL1 expression. RNAi-mediated silencing of MICAL1 inhibited the expression of Vimentin, a protein involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition. This effect correlates with a significant reduction in gastric cancer cell migration. MICAL1 overexpression reversed these preventive effects. Immunoprecipitation experiments and immunofluorescence assays revealed that PlexinA1 forms a complex with MICAL1. Importantly, specific inhibition of PlexinA1 blocked the Rac1 activation and ROS production, which, in turn, impaired MICAL1 protein stability by accelerating MICAL1 ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent degradation. Overexpression of PlexinA1 enhanced Rac1 activation, ROS production, MICAL1 and Vimentin expressions, and favored cell migration. In conclusion, this study identified MICAL1 as an important facilitator of gastric cancer cell migration, at least in part, by affecting Vimentin expression and PlexinA1 promotes gastric cancer cell migration by binding to and suppressing MICAL1 degradation in a Rac1/ROS-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Vimentina/genética , Vimentina/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Oxigenases de Função Mista/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo
19.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1335519, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515760

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are multifactorial chronic diseases and have the highest rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a crucial role in posttranslational modification and quality control of proteins, maintaining intracellular homeostasis via degradation of misfolded, short-lived, or nonfunctional regulatory proteins. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs, such as microRNAs, long noncoding RNAs, circular RNAs and small interfering RNAs) serve as epigenetic factors and directly or indirectly participate in various physiological and pathological processes. NcRNAs that regulate ubiquitination or are regulated by the UPS are involved in the execution of target protein stability. The cross-linked relationship between the UPS, ncRNAs and CVDs has drawn researchers' attention. Herein, we provide an update on recent developments and perspectives on how the crosstalk of the UPS and ncRNAs affects the pathological mechanisms of CVDs, particularly myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and ischemic stroke. In addition, we further envision that RNA interference or ncRNA mimics or inhibitors targeting the UPS can potentially be used as therapeutic tools and strategies.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Ubiquitina , Ligases , RNA não Traduzido/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma
20.
J Cell Biol ; 223(5)2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530280

RESUMO

Most mitochondrial proteins originate from the cytosol and require transport into the organelle. Such precursor proteins must be unfolded to pass through translocation channels in mitochondrial membranes. Misfolding of transported proteins can result in their arrest and translocation failure. Arrested proteins block further import, disturbing mitochondrial functions and cellular proteostasis. Cellular responses to translocation failure have been defined in yeast. We developed the cell line-based translocase clogging model to discover molecular mechanisms that resolve failed import events in humans. The mechanism we uncover differs significantly from these described in fungi, where ATPase-driven extraction of blocked protein is directly coupled with proteasomal processing. We found human cells to rely primarily on mitochondrial factors to clear translocation channel blockage. The mitochondrial membrane depolarization triggered proteolytic cleavage of the stalled protein, which involved mitochondrial protease OMA1. The cleavage allowed releasing the protein fragment that blocked the translocase. The released fragment was further cleared in the cytosol by VCP/p97 and the proteasome.


Assuntos
Metaloendopeptidases , Mitocôndrias , Transporte Proteico , Humanos , Endopeptidases , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Proteólise , Metaloendopeptidases/metabolismo
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