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1.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0303635, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870129

RESUMO

Tefillin are Jewish ritual artifacts consisting of leather cases, containing inscribed slips, which are affixed with leather straps to the body of the tefillin practitioner. According to current Jewish ritual law, the tefillin cases and straps are to be colored black. The present study examines seventeen ancient tefillin cases discovered among the Dead Sea Scrolls in caves in the Judean Desert. All seventeen cases display grain surfaces with a very dark, nearly black appearance. We start with a hypothesis that the cases were intentionally colored black in antiquity using either a carbon-based or iron-gall-based paint or dye. The aim of this study is to test this hypothesis by subjecting these tefillin cases to a battery of examinations to assess the presence of carbon and iron used as pigments, and of organic materials which may have been used as binding agents in a paint. The tests deployed are: (1) macroscopic and microscopic analyses; (2) multispectral imaging using infrared wavelengths; (3) Raman spectroscopy; (4) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR); and (5) scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The results of these tests found no traces of carbon-based or iron-gall-based pigments, nor of organic compounds which may have served as binders in a paint. These results suggest that our posited hypothesis is unlikely. Instead, results of the SEM examination suggest it more likely that the black color on the surfaces of the tefillin cases is the result of natural degradation of the leather through gelatinization. The Judean Desert tefillin likely represent tefillin practices prior to when the rabbinic prescription on blackening tefillin was widely practiced. Our study suggests that the kind of non-blackened tefillin which the later rabbis rejected in their own times may well have been quite common in earlier times.


Assuntos
Análise Espectral Raman , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , História Antiga , Pintura/análise , Pintura/história , Cavernas , Espectrometria por Raios X , Clima Desértico , Comportamento Ritualístico , Corantes/análise , Corantes/química
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 332: 118361, 2024 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763369

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: For the first time in two decades, a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the medicinal and ritual plants of southern Africa is presented. This data is analysed and compared with a previous survey done in 2002. STUDY AIM: The main aim is to update the checklist of medicinal and ritual plants of southern Africa and to determine the number of new records since 2002. We also provide a high-level perspective on the selection of medicinal and ritual plant species in southern Africa, a taxonomic analysis of the new checklist as well as a chronological perspective on the citation of medicinal and ritual species before and after 2002. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The most recently published medicinal and ritual plants checklist for southern Africa was reviewed and updated. A wide range of ethnobotanical literature, including books, field guides and electronic journals, was used. All calculations were done by using formulas and functions in Microsoft Excel and R Studio. RESULTS: 4120 medicinal and ritual taxa and 3784 medicinal and ritual species have been recorded. Compared with the 2002 checklist, there are 1239 new taxa (1228 new species). A strong correlation between available taxa and selected medicinal taxa exists on order level, which corresponds with the results of an analysis done in 2008. The top 10 species-rich medicinal plant families of southern Africa are Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Apocynaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Asphodelaceae, Malvaceae, Lamiaceae, Poaceae, Rutaceae and Rubiaceae. Different patterns of plant family representation can be seen across certain cultural healing systems of southern Africa. The species popularity (number of citations) of Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & C.A.Mey. Has increased substantially after 2002. Other medicinal and ritual plant species have been consistently researched, such as Artemisia afra Jacq. ex Willd., Carpobrotus edulis (L.) L.Bolus, Aloe ferox Mill., Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br. and Gunnera perpensa L. CONCLUSIONS: The numerous new medicinal and ritual plant records that have been reported in the last two decades provide evidence of an incompletely documented ethnobotanical heritage that urgently requires documentation. Patterns of taxonomic diversity on family level indicate distinctive differences between cultural healing systems. Signs of the adaptability and dynamics of traditional healing systems in southern Africa can be seen in the changes in the citation of species over time.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Etnobotânica , Medicinas Tradicionais Africanas , Plantas Medicinais , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , África Austral , Medicinas Tradicionais Africanas/métodos , Humanos , Fitoterapia , Etnofarmacologia
3.
Cult. cuid ; 28(68): 127-138, Abr 10, 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232317

RESUMO

La función del ajuar funerario para el viaje al más allá formaparte esencial de los ritos y rituales funerarios de Oaxaca.La ideología de la iglesia es que una vez que estas muerta,el alma va directa al cielo, al purgatorio o al infierno. Lospueblos indígenas de Oaxaca tienen una visión mucho máscompleja y matizada. La sombra, no el alma, sigue presente enestado liminal, observadora consciente. Hay pocos estudiossobre prácticas funerarias de rituales del ajuar funerario y lacosmovisión en regiones indígenas. El objetivo es describirprácticas funerarias en comunidades indígenas del sur deOaxaca y su sentido simbólico. Se realizaron entrevistasen profundidad con 73 personas mayores indígenas quiendescribieran los objetos enterrados, sus propósitos, el viajedurante la novena y el final, la Tierra de los Muertos. Elconocimiento de las creencias y prácticas representa unacercamiento a las estrategias cognitivas y emocionales de lascomunidades. Nos permite adentrarnos en el conocimiento yrespeto de su organización social y cosmovisión. La enseñanzay práctica no pueden ser adecuada sin una conciencia delas diversidades en las creencias sobre la muerte, el viaje almás allá y la Tierra de los Muertos.(AU)


The function of the funerary trousseau for the journey tothe afterlife is an essential part of the funerary rites andrituals of Oaxaca. The church’s ideology is that once dead,the soul goes straight to heaven, purgatory, or hell. Theindigenous peoples of Oaxaca have a much more complexand nuanced view. The shadow, not the soul, is still presentin a liminal state, a conscious observer. There are few studieson funerary practices, grave goods rituals and cosmovision in indigenous regions. The objective is to describe funeralpractices in indigenous communities in southern Oaxaca andtheir symbolic meaning. In-depth interviews were conductedwith 73 indigenous elderly people who described the buriedobjects, their purposes, the nine-day journey to the Landof the Dead. Knowledge of beliefs and practices representsan approach to the cognitive and emotional strategies ofcommunities. It allows us to delve into the knowledge andrespect of their social organization and worldview. Teachingand practice cannot be adequate without an awareness of thediversities in beliefs about death, the journey to the afterlifeand the Land of the Dead.(AU)


A função do enxoval funerário para a viagem ao além éparte essencial dos ritos e rituais funerários de Oaxaca. Aideologia da igreja é que, uma vez morto, sua alma vai diretopara o céu, purgatório ou inferno. Os povos indígenas deOaxaca têm uma visão muito mais complexa e matizada.A sombra, não a alma, ainda está presente em um estadoliminar, um observador consciente. Existem poucos estudossobre práticas funerárias, rituais funerários e visão de mundoem regiões indígenas. O objetivo é descrever as práticasfunerárias em comunidades indígenas do sul de Oaxaca eseu significado simbólico. Foram realizadas entrevistas emprofundidade com 73 idosos indígenas que descreveram osobjetos enterrados, suas finalidades, a jornada durante a nonae a última, a Terra dos Mortos. O conhecimento de crenças epráticas representa uma aproximação às estratégias cognitivase emocionais das comunidades. Permite-nos aprofundar noconhecimento e respeito de sua organização social e visãode mundo. O ensino e a prática não podem ser adequadossem a consciência das diversidades de crenças sobre a morte,a jornada para a vida após a morte e a Terra dos Mortos.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Rituais Fúnebres , Comportamento Ritualístico , Tanatologia , Cultura , México
4.
Sci Adv ; 10(15): eadl3374, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598622

RESUMO

In the Rhône Valley's Middle Neolithic gathering site of Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux (France), the positioning of two females within a structure aligned with the solstices is atypical. Their placement (back and prone) under the overhang of a silo in front of a third in a central position suggests a ritualized form of homicidal ligature strangulation. The first occurrence dates back to the Mesolithic, and it is from the Early Neolithic of Central Europe that the practice expands, becoming a sacrificial rite associated with an agricultural context in the Middle Neolithic. Examining 20 cases from 14 sites spanning nearly two millennia from Eastern Europe to Catalonia reveals the evolution of this ritual murder practice.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Comportamento Ritualístico , Europa (Continente) , França , DNA Mitocondrial
5.
Child Abuse Negl ; 152: 106792, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Organized sexualized and ritual abuse (ORA), a contentious issue since the 1980s, remains a polarizing topic. Although there is much debate about the existence of this phenomenon, a differentiated perspective is lacking, and no representative study has yet addressed the frequency. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to investigate the frequency of ORA in Germany using two representative datasets. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Data were collected from representative samples of the German population (N = 2522, N = 2515). Participants aged 16 to 96 years (50 and 53 % female) were recruited. They were selected by a random route procedure and asked to fill out a paper-pencil-questionnaire. METHODS: The four aspects of ORA (severe sexual violence, perpetrator networks, commercial exploitation, ideology) were assessed based on the definition provided by an expert group. Additionally, in the second survey, a direct yes/no question about the experience of ORA as well as details on perpetrators and offense characteristics were surveyed. RESULTS: Frequency of ORA was low. The direct question on ORA was affirmed by 0.5 % (n = 13), while according to the criteria of the definition, only 0.2 % or less of individuals experienced organized sexualized abuse, and <0.1 % experienced ritual abuse. CONCLUSION: Although ORA is discussed thoroughly, frequencies in the German population are low. This may be due to inconsistent terminology and operationalization of definitions with lack of precision. However, an intersection of conspiracy beliefs and the topic of ritual violence sheds another light on this issue that should receive more attention.


Assuntos
Delitos Sexuais , Humanos , Alemanha , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Ritualístico , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/psicologia
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301497, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669253

RESUMO

For millennia, healing and psychoactive plants have been part of the medicinal and ceremonial fabric of elaborate rituals and everyday religious practices throughout Mesoamerica. Despite the essential nature of these ritual practices to the societal framework of past cultures, a clear understanding of the ceremonial life of the ancient Maya remains stubbornly elusive. Here we record the discovery of a special ritual deposit, likely wrapped in a bundle, located beneath the end field of a Late Preclassic ballcourt in the Helena complex of the Maya city of Yaxnohcah. This discovery was made possible by the application of environmental DNA technology. Plants identified through this analytical process included Ipomoea corymbosa (xtabentun in Mayan), Capsicum sp. (chili pepper or ic in Mayan), Hampea trilobata (jool), and Oxandra lanceolata (chilcahuite). All four plants have recognized medicinal properties. Two of the plants, jool and chilcahuite, are involved in artifact manufacture that have ceremonial connections while chili peppers and xtabentun have been associated with divination rituals. Xtabentun (known to the Aztecs as ololiuhqui) produces highly efficacious hallucinogenic compounds and is reported here from Maya archaeological contexts for the first time.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , México , Humanos , História Antiga , Plantas Medicinais , Psicotrópicos/história , Arqueologia
7.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 25-37, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pilates is a commonly recommended exercise modality for the management of persistent low back pain. Whilst guidelines recommend the use of exercise for low back pain, research suggests that no one exercise is superior, creating a question over the mechanism of effect. The patient-practitioner relationship may be important in managing low back pain; however, the relationship between Pilates teachers and clients is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to identify the components of the relationship between Pilates teachers and clients with persistent low back pain, explore key influences on the relationship, and ascertain the nature of the relationship. METHOD: We conducted a qualitative, ethnographically-informed study at eight sites in the South of England, observing 24 Pilates sessions and interviewing 9 Pilates teachers and 10 clients with persistent low back pain. Fieldnotes and interview transcripts were analysed thematically. RESULTS: The findings demonstrate a complex, multi-faceted interaction that occurs during Pilates sessions, grounded within certain health perceptions, and predicated on expectations of individuality, choice and expertise. A key finding reveals the perceived importance of mastery of prescribed movements with control and precision, in which clients particularly value the authority of the teacher in a directive learning environment. CONCLUSION: We contend that the role of the Pilates teacher in this study facilitated the alleviation of clients' distress through the application of ritual-like Pilates activity. We conclude that the relationship between Pilates teachers and clients with persistent low back pain may be considered a therapeutic relationship.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Dor Lombar , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Exercício Físico , Aprendizagem , Movimento
8.
9.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0291655, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512818

RESUMO

Collective rituals, particularly those characterized by synchrony and pain, have been shown to yield positive social and emotional outcomes. The question arises as to whether these findings extend to low-arousal, family-centered rituals and how spiritual beliefs factor into these communal practices. This study set out to examine the interplay between belief, ritual participation, and their effects on anxiety, social cohesion, and prosocial behavior during a low-arousal collective ritual in Mikasa, Japan. Drawing upon a sample of 183 festival participants, we measured belief in ancestors using a novel scale, identifying significant and consistent associations between these beliefs and measures of social cohesion across multiple targets. Moreover, active participation as a festival dancer displayed a positive relationship with feelings of social cohesion, particularly towards other festival attendees and at the national level. On measures of prosocial behavior, ancestral beliefs were positively associated with generosity shown within the festival setting, whereas observers were less generous towards community members than a non-attending control group. Anxiety outcomes displayed a negative relationship with ancestral beliefs and ritual observation but not participation as seen in previous research, suggesting a complex interplay between rituals, emotions, and individual states. These findings provide novel insights into the importance of belief systems and active participation in shaping social bonds and behaviors in the context of collective rituals.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Coesão Social , Humanos , Comportamento Compulsivo , Emoções , Ansiedade
10.
Investig Clin Urol ; 65(2): 180-188, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the histological changes of the preputial tissue from birth to prepubertal age in order to define unnoticed morphological changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prepuce samples were obtained from 79 healthy boys who underwent routine ritual circumcision. Specimens were divided into six groups according to the boys' age: newborn, 0-1 year of age, 2-3 years of age, 4-5 years of age, 6-7 years of age, and 8-9 years of age. Histologic analysis of the specimens was performed by H&E, Masson's trichrome, Verhoeff-Von Gieson, immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: Microscopic examinations showed that average epithelial thickness increased after the neonatal period (p=0.001). When collagen fiber density was evaluated, no significant differences between groups were found (p=0.083). When the elastic fibers in the dermis were evaluated, it was determined that the number and thickness of elastic fibers increased with age. Immunohistochemical examinations showed that the number of peripheral nerves marked with S100 was lower in the neonatal period than at other ages (p=0.048). When the vessels marked with CD105 antibody were counted, there was no significant difference between the groups (p=0.078). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to examine the age-related structure of connective tissue elements in the foreskin. Our results showed that the prepuce's prepubertal maturation process is continuous, and the first 2 years of life are appropriate not only in relation to the physiological effects of age but also the optimum structural changes for wound healing, such as vessel diameter, epithelium thickness, peripheral nerve count.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Masculina , Prepúcio do Pênis , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Masculino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Comportamento Ritualístico , Matriz Extracelular
11.
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry ; 84: 101960, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rituals are common among healthy individuals and across cultures and often serve adaptive purposes. In individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), rituals become compulsive, time-consuming and distressing, and may lead to functional impairment. Previous research has examined the functions and characteristics of compulsive rituals, but there is paucity of in-depth, first-person reports about this topic. METHOD: We used a qualitative approach to explore thoughts, feelings, and behavioral patterns that characterize OCD rituals. Ten individuals with OCD participated in a semi-structured interview that focused on their most prominent compulsive ritual. The interviews were subjected to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: Eight themes emerged from the analysis and were organized in two main categories: Micro Level perspective, comprising triggers, attention, emotional changes, and stopping criteria; and Macro Level perspective, comprising feelings and perceptions, change over time, motives, and inhibitors. The findings shed light on the role of fixed rules and feelings of "completeness" in OCD rituals, the nature of emotional and attentional characteristics during rituals performance, and the evolution of compulsive rituals over time. LIMITATIONS: This study used a qualitative approach based on a small number of participants, which limits the generalizability of the findings. CONCLUSION: Our results, if replicated, may have clinical implications. The reported patterns of anxiety reduction during ritual performance may contribute to the fine-tuning of CBT for OCD. The findings concerning the nature of attention during ritual performance and the development of rituals over time may be important for understanding the mechanisms that maintain compulsive rituals.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Comportamento Compulsivo , Emoções , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Humanos , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Comportamento Compulsivo/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Emoções/fisiologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem , Pensamento/fisiologia
12.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 85(1): 1-2, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300685

RESUMO

Barbotage refers to the repeated aspiration and re-injection of CSF following injection of local anaesthetic into the intrathecal space, and its practice varies among anaesthetists. This article reviews the evidence for and against this practice to alter block dynamics following intrathecal injection reserved for spinal anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução , Raquianestesia , Humanos , Comportamento Ritualístico , Anestesia Local , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Hábitos
13.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 20(1): 17, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Hani people, who reside in Yuanyang County, Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, rely on rice terrace farming as their primary livelihood. They utilize plants in various traditional ritual practices. The Hani people have categorized the value of plants based on their natural attributes and have refined the ways of using different plants in specific rituals through practical observations and experiences derived from their agricultural culture. Although the plants used in these rituals hold significant cultural value, they have yet to be studied from the perspective of ethnobotany. This study aims to approach the ritual plants using ethnobotanical methods. METHODS: Ethnobotanical fieldwork was conducted in 10 villages in Yuanyang County between 2021 and 2023. Data were collected from the local Hani people through semi-structured interviews and participatory observations and 41 informants were interviewed during the field investigations. The frequency of citation (FC) and relative frequency of citation (RFC) were utilized to evaluate the relative importance of ritual plants among the local communities. RESULTS: A total of 36 plant species, belonging to 18 families and 34 genera, were recorded as being used in 11 ritual practices by the Hani people. Rosaceae, Poaceae, and Fabaceae were found to have the highest number of species. Most of the ritual plants used by the Hani people were collected from the wild. FC and RFC analysis showed that the preferred plants for Hani rituals were Rhus chinensis Mill, Oryza sativa L., Phyllostachys sulphurea (Carr.) A. et C. Riv. and Musa basjoo Siebold & Zucc. ex Iinuma. The 11 rituals are all centered around the performance of people, crops and livestock. The Hani people use plants in different rituals mainly based on their biological attributes. CONCLUSIONS: Many rituals of the Hani people are closely related to their production and livelihood, and the plants used in these rituals are deeply rooted in Hani's traditional ecological knowledge and beliefs. The Hani people's reverence for nature, respect for life, gratitude towards ancestors, and seeking blessings and disaster prevention for their families, crops, and livestock are all reflected in these rituals and their utilization of ritual plants. The Hani people showcase their agricultural culture in the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces through plant-based ritual performances. Studying ritual plants in the core area of the Hani Rice Terraces is of great significance for protecting the Hani Terrace farming culture. In the future, it is essential to pay more attention to the role of traditional knowledge in biodiversity conservation.


Assuntos
Etnobotânica , Oryza , População do Sudeste Asiático , Humanos , Etnobotânica/métodos , China , Comportamento Ritualístico , Biodiversidade , Produtos Agrícolas , Poaceae
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3513, 2024 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347005

RESUMO

The Philistine culture (Iron Age, ca. 1200-604 BCE) profoundly impacted the southern Levant's cultural history, agronomy, and dietary customs. Nevertheless, our knowledge of the Philistines' cultic praxis and deities, is limited and uncertain. Here, we combine archaeological data with a meticulous study of plant use at two successive temples at Tell es-Sâfi/Gath. We provide a list of the plants used, their time of harvest, mode of offering, and possible symbolism. Analysis of the temples' macrobotanical (seed and fruits) plant assemblage reveals the offerings; that the inception date for rites was early spring; and sheds light on the date of the final utilization of the temples (late summer/early fall). Besides food crops, we note the earliest cultic use of chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus), crown daisy (Glebionis coronaria), and scabious (Lomelosia argentea). These wide-spread Mediterranean plants were known so far only in later cults-of early Greek deities, such as Hera, Artemis, Demeter, and Asclepios. We discuss the data as reflecting that the Philistine religion relied on the magic and power of nature, such as fresh water and seasonality, which influence human life, health, and activity. In sum, our results offer novel insights into the culture of the Philistines.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Vitex , Humanos , Plantas , Agricultura , Frutas , Sementes
16.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 61(1): 85-94, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37993996

RESUMO

Due to cultural and systemic factors, Chinese-Canadians tend to use mental health services less or when mental health problems are more severe. Services need to be more culturally responsive in their treatment of mental illness. Around important life events, when there may be heightened vulnerability to mental illness, this is especially important. In this study, postpartum cultural practices were examined among recent immigrant, longer-term immigrant, and Canadian-born Chinese women. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study of 493 women in Toronto, Ontario, with livebirths in 2011-2014. Participants completed a demographic survey and Postpartum Rituals Questionnaire. Most women (82.2%) practiced at least one postpartum ritual. Younger age (OR 0.93; 95% CI 0.87-0.99) and greater participation in the heritage culture (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.02-1.61) were associated with ritual practice. From among five types of postpartum rituals identified (i.e., avoidance of homeostatic disturbances, dietary practices, wind avoidance, organized support, and cold avoidance), dietary practices were most commonly undertaken and cold avoidance was least commonly undertaken. There were differences in postpartum ritual patterns by immigration status, with immigrant women being more likely to undertake a greater number of rituals, to attribute these rituals to Chinese culture, and to ascribe health benefits to these rituals and being less likely to feel forced into performing these rituals. Our findings underscore the importance of clinicians becoming more aware of Chinese postpartum rituals to provide women with culturally competent and patient-centered care.


Assuntos
Comportamento Ritualístico , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Período Pós-Parto , Feminino , Humanos , Canadá , China , Estudos Longitudinais , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Povo Asiático
17.
Death Stud ; 48(5): 478-488, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37477613

RESUMO

Death is the commonest, incomprehensible, and inescapable reality confronting humanity in all nations and cultures. However, cultures vary in their conceptions of death, grieving and mourning rituals. Among the Akan of Ghana, mourning and funeral obsequies are essential cultural and spiritual practices. In this article, we draw insights from our reflective lived experiences and critical literature review to explore mourning and death rituals among the Akan as a stratified cultural system that reflects and reproduces broader gender patterns of masculinity and femininity in Ghana. We discuss the concept and cultural significance of mourning and bereavement practices, and further examine how socio-cultural notions of gender shape mourning and death rituals in Ghana. We argue that, as in many social and economic spaces in Ghana, funeral obsequies and bereavement practices represent sites for enacting and reproducing masculinity and femininity. The deleterious health and psychological consequences for men and women are further discussed.


Assuntos
Luto , Pesar , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Gana , Comportamento Ritualístico , Masculinidade
18.
J Transcult Nurs ; 35(1): 21-29, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37909460

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the relationship between ablution ritual and foot knowledge, self-care behaviors, and the presence of diabetic foot ulcers in Muslims with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODOLOGY: A descriptive, comparative method was utilized to identify ablution ritual and foot knowledge, self-care behaviors, and the presence of diabetic foot ulcers. RESULTS: There were 228 persons with T2DM, with 162 participants (71.1%) in the ablution group and 66 participants (28.9%) in the no-ablution group, with 19.7% having diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetic foot knowledge and foot self-care behaviors of persons with T2DM were below a medium level, and there was a significant difference between ablution behavior and the presence of diabetic foot ulcers (x2 =6.646, p<.05). DISCUSSION: Culturally congruent interventions that acknowledge and understand the cultural practices and beliefs of Muslims with T2DM may be recommended to enhance their knowledge levels and promote positive behavior changes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Pé Diabético , Humanos , Pé Diabético/complicações , Pé Diabético/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Comportamento Ritualístico , Islamismo , Autocuidado
19.
J Relig Health ; 63(2): 924-941, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38151683

RESUMO

This research delves into the ancient healing tradition of Gowâti music therapy in Taftan, Baluchestan, with a focus on the cultural beliefs and practices surrounding the Gowâti ceremony. The manuscript also highlights the historical connection between music and spirituality, tracing the roots of music therapy back to ancient Iran. The study is based on a combination of interviews, active participation in the Gowâti ceremony, and consultation with experts. However, access to the private ceremony was restricted, leading to certain limitations in data collection. The findings of this study rely heavily on anecdotal accounts passed down through generations among the residents of the region, as well as information gathered from interviews with the caliph (performer) of music therapy in the area. The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of music and its use as a therapeutic tool, with a specific focus on the unique characteristics of Gowâti music therapy. The findings suggest that this form of music therapy is deeply rooted in religious beliefs, mystical ideologies, and sacrificial rituals.


Assuntos
Musicoterapia , Música , Humanos , Espiritualidade , Comportamento Ritualístico , Irã (Geográfico)
20.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 29: e53449, 2024.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1529195

RESUMO

RESUMO Por meio da antropologia da saúde, podemos compreender o terreiro de umbanda como parte de um sistema popular de cuidado. Este estudo teve por objetivo investigar as concepções de saúde e doença produzidas por zeladores de terreiro de umbanda. Participaram dez zeladores de terreiro da cidade de Uberaba (MG/Brasil), sendo três mulheres e sete homens, com idades entre 40 e 76 anos. O tempo médio de atuação como dirigente foi de 18,4 anos, variando de cinco a 43 anos. Os terreiros chefiados por esses participantes atendem entre 15 e 280 pessoas por dia de funcionamento. Pela análise das entrevistas, destaca-se que o cuidado em saúde oferecido pelos zeladores ultrapassa os limites rituais, nas cerimônias públicas, sendo prestado de modo contínuo nos terreiros. As posturas assumidas pelos entrevistados envolvem ações de escuta, acolhimento e proximidade física no momento da urgência. Pelas narrativas, pode-se concluir que o zelar, no sentido de gerenciar o espaço do terreiro, espiritual e materialmente, não pode ser dissociado do cuidar, significando os zeladores como importantes agentes populares de saúde.


RESUMEN A través de la antropología de la salud podemos entender el terreiro de umbanda como parte de un sistema de atención popular. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar las concepciones de salud y enfermedad producidas por los cuidadores del terreiro de umbanda. Participaron diez cuidadores de terreiro de la ciudad de Uberaba (MG/Brasil), tres mujeres y siete hombres, con edades comprendidas entre 40 y 76 años. El tiempo promedio como gerente fue de 18.4 años, que van de cinco a 43 años. Los terreiros encabezados por estos participantes atienden entre 15 y 280 personas por día de operación. Del análisis de las entrevistas, se destaca que la atención médica ofrecida por los cuidadores va más allá de los límites rituales, en ceremonias públicas, que se brindan continuamente en los terreiros. Las actitudes asumidas por los entrevistados implican escuchar, acoger y proximidad física en el momento de urgencia. A través de las narrativas, se puede concluir que el cuidado, en el sentido de administrar el espacio del terreiro, espiritual y materialmente, no se puede disociar del cuidado, lo que significa que los cuidadores son importantes agentes de salud populares.


ABSTRACT Through health anthropology we can understand the umbanda terreiro (specific place for the religious ritual) as part of a popular system of care. This study aimed to investigate the conceptions of health and illness produced by saint keepers of umbanda terreiro. Ten leaders of the terreiros in the city of Uberaba (MG/Brazil) participated, being three women and seven men, between 40 and 76 years old. The average time of performance as a manager was 18.4 years, ranging from 5 to 43 years. The terreiros led by these participants attend between 15 and 280 people working day. The health care offered by saint keepers exceeds ritual limits in public ceremonies and is provided on a continuous basis in the terreiros. The postures assumed by the interviewees involve actions of listening, welcoming and physical proximity at the moment of urgency. From the narratives, it can be concluded that care, in the sense of managing the space of the terreiro, both spiritually and materially, can not be dissociated from caring, meaning saint keepers as important popular health.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Terapêutica , Saúde Mental/ética , Cura pela Fé/ética , Autocuidado/psicologia , Comportamento Ritualístico , Emoções/ética , Acolhimento , Etnopsicologia/ética , Antropologia Cultural
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