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2.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 144(7)2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832611
3.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0301788, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696421

RESUMO

With an increasing number of heterogeneous shareholders participating in corporate governance in reality, the assumption of shareholder homogeneity in agency theory is gradually relaxing in the modern field of corporate governance. The policy of mixed ownership reform in China provides empirical evidence for studying heterogeneous shareholder governance. To fully understand the governance effects of non-state shareholders, we employ the ownership proportion held by non-state shareholders among the top ten shareholders and the appointment of directors as measures for non-state shareholder governance. Using a panel fixed-effect model from the perspective of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) party organizations, we examine the impact of non-state shareholder governance on the governance level of SOEs. The study reveals that non-state shareholder governance positively affects the governance level of SOEs, with board resolutions playing a crucial role in this relationship. When party members serve as directors, the governance effect of non-state shareholders is more significant. Based on the aforementioned research findings, we recommend further refining corporate governance measures for SOEs within the context of SOE reforms. It is advisable to optimize the party organizational governance structure and leverage the synergistic effects of non-state shareholder governance and party organizational governance. Advancing reforms along the Pareto improvement path will contribute to establishing a distinctive corporate governance system for Chinese SOEs.


Assuntos
Conselho Diretor , Propriedade , China , Conselho Diretor/organização & administração , Humanos , Governo Estadual
6.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0300283, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787827

RESUMO

This research utilizes the fsQCA technique to investigate how a combination of corporate governance conditions or factors collectively influences the performance of banks. Examining key elements such as board size, busy directors, independent directors, CEO duality, and women on the board, the research employs data collected from the annual reports of 30 banks spanning from 2010 to 2020. The necessary condition analysis (NCA) underscores that no individual condition or factor is indispensable for the ultimate outcome. Nevertheless, the sufficiency analysis reveals distinct solutions, each representing a unique set of conditions or factors sufficient to generate the outcome. The study concludes that the relationship between corporate governance characteristics and bank performance is complex and multifaceted, with neither ROA nor ROE reliant on a singular input condition or factor. The theoretical contributions of the findings align with or partially support various theories and propositions within the realm of corporate governance. Notably, the application of fsQCA contributes to enhance the methodological understanding of corporate governance studies in existing literature.


Assuntos
Conselho Diretor , Conselho Diretor/organização & administração , Humanos
9.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 567, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821982

RESUMO

We present a Gender Board Diversity Dataset (GBDD), which provides a cross-country perspective on women in management and supervisory boards that spans between 1985 and 2020. The data covers 43 European countries and accounts for private companies in addition to the stock-listed ones. GBBD was created using firm-level Orbis data. Our measures are based on a sample of more than 28 million unique firms observed for nearly seven years on average and reporting data about nearly 59 million individuals on management and supervisory boards. We provide the measures at the level of industry, country and year (firm-level data is proprietary). We provide three measures. The first is the share of women among all board members in a given industry, country, and year. The second one is the average of the shares of women across firms in a given industry, country and year. We also provide a new measure: the share of firms in a given industry, country and year which report no single woman on their board(s).


Assuntos
Conselho Diretor , Indústrias , Distribuição por Sexo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Europa (Continente)
16.
Nurs Adm Q ; 47(4): 355-356, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37643235

RESUMO

This column is a call to action for health care leaders to ensure that their governing boards make workforce an important part of their governance responsibility and oversight. Health care leaders need to take an active role in educating their governing board, identifying and monitoring appropriate workforce metrics, and engaging the board in developing and implementing a workforce plan. Workforce development is an important leadership competency and essential to today's health care organizations success.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Liderança , Humanos , Conselho Diretor
18.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 32(9): 921-926, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37498526

RESUMO

Background: The inequitable representation of women and members of racial and ethnic minority groups in leadership positions within academic medicine is an ongoing challenge with practical and realistic solutions. The purpose of this study was to assess the race and ethnicity of individuals in leadership positions among the 24 Member Boards of Directors (Boards) of the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the race and ethnicity patterns for individuals holding leadership positions among the 24 Boards of the ABMS as of March 1, 2022. Two independent coders with 100% concordance recorded race and ethnicity using online biographies and photographs. Percentages were compared to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) 2018 data reports. Results: Among 449 director positions, 415 (92.4%) were physicians. Within the physician subset, 12.3% (51/415) Asian, 8.2% (34/415) Black, and 3.4% (14/415) Hispanic individuals were identified. Women who are members of racial and ethnic minority groups have less representation than men of the same race. Of 24 Boards, 37.5% (9/24) had no Asian women, 50.0% (12/24) had no Black women, and 75.0% (18/24) had no Hispanic women. White physicians were overrepresented on 14 of 21 (66.7%) Boards compared to the proportion of active White physicians or White individuals in the United States general population. Conclusion: Disparities exist for members of racial and ethnic minority groups, particularly women from these groups. As a leader in academic medicine, the ABMS should ensure its Boards are diverse with respect to gender, race, and ethnicity. Diverse groups often contribute unique insights that support medical education, advance science, and improve clinical care.


Assuntos
Etnicidade , Conselho Diretor , Liderança , Grupos Minoritários , Grupos Raciais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Estados Unidos , Diversidade, Equidade, Inclusão
19.
PLoS One ; 18(6): e0281712, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37262037

RESUMO

Based on the agency and stakeholder theories, effective boards, acting as an internal governance mechanism, reduce agency costs. This paper asks whether military connected boards represent a good governance tool by exploring how military connected boards affect stock price crash risk. Using instrumental variable analysis, we document that firms with military connected boards have lower risk of stock price crashes. Our findings are unlikely to have endogeneity concerns and shed light on the role of military connected boards as an effective internal governance tool. Consistent with the conservatism hypothesis and stakeholder theory, by being transparent about firm-specific bad news, military connected boards could effectively monitor managers to ensure they act on all stakeholders' interests.


Assuntos
Militares , Humanos , Tailândia , Conselho Diretor , Custos e Análise de Custo
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