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1.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 165, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of low corneal endothelial cell density and correlates of corneal endothelial cell density among adults attending Mbarara University and Referral Hospital Eye Centre in Uganda. METHODS: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study, participants 18 years and older, were enrolled. We obtained informed consent, and basic demographic data. We also conducted visual acuity, a detailed slit lamp examination, intra-ocular pressure, corneal diameter, tear-film break-up time, keratometry, A-scan, and pachymetry on all participants. A confocal microscope Heidelberg HRT3 was used to examine the central cornea and to obtain the mean cell density (cells/mm2). To calculate the proportion of low endothelial cell density, descriptive statistics were used, whereas correlates of endothelial cell density were assessed, using linear regression analyses. RESULTS: We evaluated a total of 798 eyes of 404 participants aged between 18 and 90 years (males = 187, females = 217). The average endothelial cell density was 2763.6 cells/mm2, and there was a decrease in endothelial cell density with increasing age, irrespective of gender. There was no significant difference in endothelial cell density between males and females. Increasing age (adjusted coefficient - 10.1, p < 0.001), history of smoking (adjusted coefficient - 439.6, p = 0.004), history of ocular surgery (adjusted coefficient - 168.0, p = 0.023), having dry eye (adjusted coefficient - 136.0, p = 0.051), and having arcus senilis (adjusted coefficient - 132.0, p = 0.08), were correlated with lower endothelial cell density. However, increasing corneal diameter (adjusted coefficient 134.0, p = 0.006), increasing central corneal thickness (adjusted coefficient 1.2, p = 0.058), and increasing axial length (adjusted coefficient 65.8, p = 0.026), were correlated with higher endothelial cell density. We found five eyes (0.63%) from different participants with a low endothelial cell density (< 1000cells/mm2). CONCLUSION: Our study established baseline normal ranges of ECD in a predominantly black African population, and found that low ECD is rare in our population. The elderly, smokers, and those with past ocular surgery are the most vulnerable. The low prevalence could be due to a lack of reference values for the black African population.


Assuntos
Córnea , Hospitais , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Uganda/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Células Endoteliais
2.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 168, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622519

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Corneal biomechanics has been implicated in a variety of ocular diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the glaucoma and corneal biomechanical properties, and exploring the value of corneal biomechanics in the diagnosis and follow-up of glaucoma diseases. METHODS: We searched studies in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and clinicaltrials.gov., as of October 8, 2022. Only English studies were included, without publication time limit. We also searched the reference lists of published reviews. This meta-analysis was conducted with random-effects models, we used mean difference(MD) to evaluate the outcome, and the heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 statistic. Subgroup analyses were performed under the appearance of high heterogeneity. We used 11 items to describe the characteristics of included studies, publication bias was performed through the Egger's test. The quality assessment were evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale(NOS) items. RESULTS: A total of 27 eligible studies were identified for data synthesis and assessment. The result of meta-analysis showed that in the comparison of included indicators, the corneal biomechanics values of glaucoma patients were statistically lower than those of normal subjects in a similar age range. The covered indicators included central corneal thickness(CCT) (MD = -8.34, 95% CI: [-11.74, -4.94]; P < 0.001), corneal hysteresis(CH)(MD = -1.54, 95% CI: [-1.88, -1.20]; P < 0.001), corneal resistance factor(CRF)( MD = -0.82, 95% CI: [-1.21, -0.44]; P < 0.001), and intraocular pressure(IOP)( corneal-compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc): MD = 2.45, 95% CI: [1.51, 3.38]; P < 0.001); Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg): MD = 1.30, 95% CI: [0.41, 2.20]; P = 0.004), they all showed statistical difference. While the value of axial length(AL) did not show statistically different(MD = 0.13, 95% CI: [-0.24, 0.50]; P = 0.48). CONCLUSION: Corneal biomechanics are associated with glaucoma. The findings can be useful for the design of glaucoma screening, treatment and prognosis.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Pressão Intraocular , Córnea , Tonometria Ocular
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8305, 2024 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594402

RESUMO

To investigate the associations between corneal curvature (CC) and other anterior segment biometrics in young myopic adults. In this retrospective multi-center study, 7893 young myopic adults were included. CC and other anterior segment biometrics were measured by Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam). CC was defined as SimK at central 3 mm area, and other anterior segment biometrics included white-to-white corneal diameter (WTW), central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal volume (CV) at 3 mm, 5 mm, and 7 mm area, anterior corneal astigmatism (ACA), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), anterior corneal eccentricity (ACE) and asphericity (ACAP), posterior corneal eccentricity (PCE) and asphericity (PCAP), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and anterior chamber volume (ACV). Univariate regression analyses were used to assess the associations between CC and other anterior segment biometrics, and multivariate regression analyses were further performed to adjusted for age, gender and spherical equivalent. CC was higher in patients of female gender and higher myopia (all P < 0.05). Eyes in higher CC quartiles had lower WTW, thinner CCT, lower CV at 3 mm and 5 mm, lower ACD, and lower ACV (all P < 0.001), but had larger ACA, larger PCA, less PCE and less PCAP (all P < 0.001), compared to eyes in lower CC quartiles. The trends of CV at 7 mm, ACE and ACAP were inconsistent in different CC quartiles. After adjusting for age, gender and spherical equivalent with multivariate linear regression, CC was positively correlated to CV at 7 mm (ßs = 0.069), ACA (ßs = 0.194), PCA (ßs = 0.187), ACE (ßs = 0.072), PCAP (ßs = 0.087), and ACD (ßs = 0.027) (all P < 0.05), but was negatively correlated to WTW (ßs = - 0.432), CCT (ßs = - 0.087), CV-3 mm (ßs = - 0.066), ACAP (ßs = - 0.043), PCE (ßs = - 0.062), and ACV (ßs = - 0.188) (all P < 0.05). CC was associated with most of the other anterior segment biometrics in young myopic adults. These associations are important for better understanding of the interactions between different anterior segment structures in young myopic patients, and are also useful for the exploration of the pathogenesis of myopia.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Doenças da Córnea , Miopia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Câmara Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Câmara Anterior/patologia , Astigmatismo/patologia , Biometria , Córnea/patologia , Doenças da Córnea/patologia , Miopia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Cell Transplant ; 33: 9636897241241992, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602231

RESUMO

There is a huge unmet need for new treatment modalities for ocular surface inflammatory disorders (OSIDs) such as dry eye disease and meibomian gland dysfunction. Mesenchymal stem cell therapies may hold the answer due to their potent immunomodulatory properties, low immunogenicity, and ability to modulate both the innate and adaptive immune response. MSC-like cells that can be isolated from the corneal stroma (C-MSCs) offer a potential new treatment strategy; however, an optimized culture medium needs to be developed to produce the ideal phenotype for use in a cell therapy to treat OSIDs. The effects of in vitro expansion of human C-MSC in a medium of M199 containing fetal bovine serum (FBS) was compared to a stem cell medium (SCM) containing knockout serum replacement (KSR) with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and human leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), investigating viability, protein, and gene expression. Isolating populations expressing CD34 or using siRNA knockdown of CD34 were investigated. Finally, the potential of C-MSC as a cell therapy was assessed using co-culture with an in vitro corneal epithelial cell injury model and the angiogenic effects of C-MSC conditioned medium were evaluated with blood and lymph endothelial cells. Both media supported proliferation of C-MSC, with SCM increasing expression of CD34, ABCG2, PAX6, NANOG, REX1, SOX2, and THY1, supported by increased associated protein expression. Isolating cell populations expressing CD34 protein made little difference to gene expression, however, knockdown of the CD34 gene led to decreased expression of progenitor genes. C-MSC increased viability of injured corneal epithelial cells whilst decreasing levels of cytotoxicity and interleukins-6 and -8. No pro-angiogenic effect of C-MSC was seen. Culture medium can significantly influence C-MSC phenotype and culture in SCM produced a cell phenotype more suitable for further consideration as an anti-inflammatory cell therapy. C-MSC show considerable potential for development as therapies for OSIDs, acting through anti-inflammatory action.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Córnea/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Fenótipo , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Proliferação de Células , Diferenciação Celular
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8732, 2024 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627567

RESUMO

We sought to evaluate the topographic risk factors for early myopic regression after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). A retrospective case‒control study was conducted, and individuals who underwent SMILE surgery were enrolled. Among them, 406 and 14 eyes were categorized into the nonregression and regression groups, respectively. The preoperative and postoperative parameters in the two groups were collected, including spherical refraction (SE), axial length (AXL) and topographic data. A generalized linear model was adopted to analyze the difference in each parameter between the two groups. After 6 months, UCVA decreased in the regression group, and SE increased in the regression group (both P < 0.05). The increase in the CCT at the thinnest point (P = 0.044), flat corneal curvature (P = 0.012) and TCRP (P = 0.001) were significantly greater in the regression group. Regarding the risk factors for myopic regression, preoperative SE, preoperative sphere power, preoperative AXL, preoperative flat corneal curvature, preoperative SA, early postoperative SE, early postoperative sphere power, early postoperative AXL and early postoperative CCT difference were significantly greater in the regression group (all P < 0.05). The SE, sphere power, AXL, preoperative flat corneal curvature, preoperative SA, and postoperative CCT difference correlate with early myopic regression after SMILE.


Assuntos
Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser , Miopia , Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Córnea/cirurgia , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser/efeitos adversos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Refração Ocular , Miopia/cirurgia , Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8160, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589521

RESUMO

To analyze the changing trend of CH and CRF values under different influencing factors in T2DM patients. A total of 650 patients with T2DM were included. We discovered that the course of T2DM, smoking history, BMI, and FBG, DR, HbA1c, TC, TG, and LDL-C levels were common risk factors for T2DM, while HDL-C levels were a protective factor. Analyzing the CH and CRF values according to the course of diabetes, we discovered that as T2DM continued to persist, the values of CH and CRF gradually decreased. Moreover, with the increase in FBG levels and the accumulation of HbA1c, the values of CH and CRF gradually decreased. In addition, in patients with HbA1c (%) > 12, the values of CH and CRF decreased the most, falling by 1.85 ± 0.33 mmHg and 1.28 ± 0.69 mmHg, respectively. Compared with the non-DR group, the CH and CRF values gradually decreased in the mild-NPDR, moderate-NPDR, severe-NPDR and PDR groups, with the lowest CH and CRF values in the PDR group. In patients with T2DM, early measurement of corneal biomechanical properties to evaluate the change trend of CH and CRF values in different situations will help to identify and prevent diabetic keratopathy in a timely manner.


Assuntos
Córnea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Pressão Intraocular , Elasticidade , Tonometria Ocular
7.
J Refract Surg ; 40(4): e218-e228, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593257

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess agreement between a new aberrometer (Osiris-T; CSO) employing pyramid wavefront sensor technique and Scheiner-Smirnov aberrometer (OPD-Scan III; Nidek) on measuring ocular, corneal, and internal aberrations in healthy participants. METHODS: The measurements were conducted three times consecutively by an experienced examiner. The total root mean square (RMS) aberrations, higher order aberration RMS, coma Z3±1, trefoil Z3±3, spherical aberration Z40, and astigmatism II Z4±2 up to 7th order were exported in both 4-and 6-mm pupil zones. The parameters between the two devices were statistically compared using the paired t-test, and the differences assessed with Bland-Altman plots and 95% limits of agreement. RESULTS: This prospective study included 70 right eyes of 70 healthy participants with an average age of 25.94 ± 6.59 years (range: 18 to 47 years). The mean difference in the two devices ranged from 0.01 µm for astigmatism II Z4±2 to 0.63 µm for total RMS in 4 mm and from 0.01 to 1.41 µm in 6-mm pupil size. The Bland-Altman analysis of ocular, corneal, and internal aberrations indicated high agreement between the two devices and the maximum absolute values for 95% limits of agreement ranged from 0.03 to 1.06 µm for 4-mm pupil diameters and 0.12 to 1.13 µm for 6-mm pupil diameters. CONCLUSIONS: The newly developed pyramid wavefront sensor technique aberrometer demonstrated a high agreement with a Scheiner-Smirnov aberrometer when measuring ocular, corneal, and internal aberrations in healthy participants. Thus, the two aberrometers may be considered interchangeable for clinical applications. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(4):e218-e228.].


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudos Prospectivos , Córnea , Pupila , Biometria , Topografia da Córnea , Refração Ocular
8.
J Refract Surg ; 40(4): e245-e252, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593261

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes and visual quality 12 months after femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) performed with the Custom-Q algorithm for correction of myopia with or without astigmatism and compensate for age-related accommodation deficiency. METHODS: Patients who had Custom-Q FS-LASIK for myopia and myopic astigmatism with age-related accommodation deficiency were included in this retrospective study. Distance, intermediate, and near visual acuities, objective and subjective refractions, Q-factor, corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs), accommodation function, defocus curve, contrast sensitivity, and a subjective questionnaire assessing visual quality were evaluated 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Clinical data of 43 cases were analyzed. The mean age was 42.02 ± 1.85 years (range: 40 to 48 years). At the 12-month follow-up visit, there were 43 (100%), 42 (97%), and 33 (77%) patients who achieved a binocular uncorrected distance, intermediate, and near visual acuity, respectively, better than 20/20 separately. Defocus curves revealed better distance vision in the dominant eyes, and the nondominant eyes performed better at intermediate and near vergence (P < .001). The Q-value and corneal spherical aberration coefficient were more positive in the dominant eyes than those in the nondominant eyes (P < .001). The accommodative amplitude and relative accommodation improved binocularly (P < .001). The questionnaire demonstrated high patient satisfaction with near vision, and no one reported having severe visual disturbance. CONCLUSIONS: For myopic patients with age-related accommodation deficiency, the Custom-Q algorithm proved to be an effective way to achieve acceptable near vision without compromising distance vision. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(4):e245-e252.].


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Humanos , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual , Córnea , Miopia/cirurgia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Refração Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Refract Surg ; 40(4): e260-e269, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593263

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the parameters of three different topographic devices (Pentacam HR, Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH; Sirius, Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici; and Cassini, i-Optics) in grading the severity of keratoconus in cross-linked and non-cross-linked eyes. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative interventional study done in a tertiary eye care center, wherein 114 eyes of 68 patients with keratoconus were divided into two groups: 62 eyes that were observed and 52 eyes that were cross-linked. All eyes were evaluated on all three topographers at baseline, 3-month follow-up, and 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: The Sirius showed significantly lower values of mean flat keratometry in comparison to the Pentacam HR (limits of agreement [LoA]: 1.75 to 3.51%) and Cassini (LoA: 1.75 to 3.51%). The mean steep keratometry values were higher for the Cassini in comparison to the Pentacam HR (LoA: 4.39 to 7.02%) and Sirius (LoA: 3.51 to 6.14%). The mean steep keratometry values of the Sirius were significantly lower than those of the Pentacam HR and in both the cross-linked and observation groups (LoA: 3.51 to 6.14%). The mean keratometry values were significantly higher in the Cassini compared to the Pentacam HR (LoA: 3.51 to 8.77%) and significantly lower in the Sirius in comparison to the Pentacam HR (LoA: 3.51 to 6.14%). The mean difference in astigmatism was also statistically significant between the three tomographers in both groups, with the Cassini showing higher values (LoA: 3.51 to 5.26%) and the Sirius lower values than the Pentacam HR (LoA: 5.26 to 6.14%). CONCLUSIONS: The authors conclude the three devices cannot be used interchangeably. The Cassini showed better agreement and correlation with the Pentacam HR in the staging of keratoconus, whereas the Sirius tended to underdiagnose and under-stage the disease. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(4):e260-e269.].


Assuntos
Ceratocone , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Topografia da Córnea , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Córnea
10.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 172, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594548

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Keratoconus is a progressive disorder of the cornea that causes thinning (Sedaghat et al. in Sci Rep 11(1):11971, 2021), ectasia, and irregular astigmatism, resulting in poor visual acuity that cannot be corrected with standard sphero-cylindrical spectacle lenses. One feature distinguishing keratoconic corneas is ocular aberrations, manifesting up to five or six times the amount of higher-order aberrations than a normal, healthy eye. These aberrations can cause visual disturbances even at the very early stages of the disease. METHODS: In the past, a diagnosis was derived from clinical symptoms, but technological advances have revealed multiple pre-clinical features, allowing for the differentiation between keratoconic and normal eyes at a much earlier stage. These include anterior and posterior corneal surface elevations, the corneal pachymetry profile, corneal epithelial patterns, wavefront aberration metrics, and corneal biomechanics (Sedaghat et al. in Sci Rep 11(1):11971, 2021).This review discusses the aberrations associated with keratoconus, how to measure them, and treatment methods to minimize their negative influence. CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis can lead to early treatment and may allow for arresting progression, thereby improving the long-term prognosis. With the acceleration of refractive surgery, it is important to identify patients with keratoconus, as they are usually contraindicated for refractive surgery.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Ceratocone , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Ceratocone/etiologia , Ceratocone/terapia , Topografia da Córnea/métodos , Córnea , Astigmatismo/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Visão
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8024, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580798

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is recognized as a major predisposing factor for Moraxella keratitis. However, how diabetes mellitus contributes to Moraxella keratitis remains unclear. In this study, we examined Moraxella keratitis; based on the findings, we investigated the impact of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) deposition in the cornea of individuals with diabetic mellitus on the adhesion of Moraxella isolates to the cornea. A retrospective analysis of 27 culture-proven cases of Moraxella keratitis at Ehime University Hospital (March 2006 to February 2022) was performed. Moraxella isolates were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Among the patients, 30.4% had diabetes mellitus and 22.2% had the predominant ocular condition of using steroid eye drops. The species identified were Moraxella nonliquefaciens in 59.3% and Moraxella lacunata in 40.7% of patients. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we assessed the effects of M. nonliquefaciens adherence to simian virus 40-immortalized human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) with or without AGEs. The results demonstrated the number of M. nonliquefaciens adhering to HCECs was significantly increased by adding AGEs compared with that in controls (p < 0.01). Furthermore, in the corneas of streptozotocin-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice treated with or without pyridoxamine, an AGE inhibitor, the number of M. nonliquefaciens adhering to the corneas of diabetic mice was significantly reduced by pyridoxamine treatment (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the development of Moraxella keratitis may be significantly influenced by the deposition of AGEs on the corneal epithelium of patients with diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Ceratite , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Piridoxamina , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ceratite/tratamento farmacológico , Moraxella , Córnea , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37663, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report the nursing experience of a case of corneal contact lens wearer receiving the 2nd keratoplasty due to corneal ulcer and perforation caused by Pythium insidiosum infection. METHODS: A 30-year-old female patient had blurred vision after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty for a right corneal ulcer. At the 5th week, the right eye appeared the symptoms, such as redness and pain. The anterior segment photography was performed on the eye, and the result showed that the epithelium was missing in the right eye lesion area, and a large number of longitudinal and transversal streaks were visible from the epithelium to the stroma, with fungus filaments to be discharged. Upon macro-genome sequencing of the corneal secretion, a P. insidiosum infection was observed. Then, the patient underwent the keratoplasty, and 3 weeks later, the corneal implant showed a tendency to dissolve, the sutures were partially loosened, and the eye was almost blind. Subsequently, the patient was admitted to our hospital and subject to the 2nd penetrating keratoplasty of the right eye (allograft). After surgery, linezolid and azithromycin injections were given through intravenous drip and local drip of the eye for anti-inflammation, and tacrolimus eye drops for antirejection. RESULTS: Postoperatively, the patient showed signs of recovery with slight corneal edema and visible pupil, leading to discharge with improved vision. The corneal implant was normal 1 week after surgery and the vision of the right eye was hand move/before eye at the 6th month of follow-up. Continuous care and removal of sutures 3 months post-surgery contributed to a successful outcome, with the patient achieving hand motion vision 6 months after the procedure. CONCLUSION: Corneal ulcer caused by P. insidiosum infection not only needs timely and effective keratoplasty intervention, but also requires perfect nursing measures.


Assuntos
Lentes de Contato , Transplante de Córnea , Úlcera da Córnea , Pitiose , Feminino , Animais , Humanos , Adulto , Úlcera da Córnea/cirurgia , Úlcera da Córnea/microbiologia , Pitiose/cirurgia , Pitiose/complicações , Pitiose/diagnóstico , Transplante de Córnea/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Córnea/métodos , Córnea/cirurgia , Ceratoplastia Penetrante/efeitos adversos , Lentes de Contato/efeitos adversos
13.
Metabolomics ; 20(3): 44, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581549

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Two main approaches (organ culture and hypothermia) for the preservation and storage of human donor corneas are globally adopted for corneal preservation before the transplant. Hypothermia is a hypothermic storage which slows down cellular metabolism while organ culture, a corneal culture performed at 28-37 °C, maintains an active corneal metabolism. Researchers, till now, have just studied the impact of organ culture on human cornea after manipulating and disrupting tissues. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current work was to optimize an analytical procedure which can be useful for discovering biomarkers capable of predicting tissue health status. For the first time, this research proposed a preliminary metabolomics study on medium for organ culture without manipulating and disrupting the valuable human tissues which could be still used for transplantation. METHODS: In particular, the present research proposed a method for investigating changes in the medium, over a storage period of 20 days, in presence and absence of a human donor cornea. An untargeted metabolomics approach using UHPLC-QTOF was developed to deeply investigate the differences on metabolites and metabolic pathways and the influence of the presence of the cornea inside the medium. RESULTS: Differences in the expression of some compounds emerged from this preliminary metabolomics approach, in particular in medium maintained for 10 and 20 days in presence but also in the absence of cornea. A total of 173 metabolites have been annotated and 36 pathways were enriched by pathway analysis. CONCLUSION: The results revealed a valuable untargeted metabolomics approach which can be applied in organ culture metabolomics.


Assuntos
Hipotermia , Humanos , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Metabolômica , Córnea , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos/métodos
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612559

RESUMO

The cornea is an avascular, transparent tissue that allows light to enter the visual system. Accurate vision requires proper maintenance of the cornea's integrity and structure. Due to its exposure to the external environment, the cornea is prone to injury and must undergo proper wound healing to restore vision. Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water channels important for passive water transport and, in some family members, the transport of other small molecules; AQPs are expressed in all layers of the cornea. Although their functions as water channels are well established, the direct function of AQPs in the cornea is still being determined and is the focus of this review. AQPs, primarily AQP1, AQP3, and AQP5, have been found to play an important role in maintaining water homeostasis, the corneal structure in relation to proper hydration, and stress responses, as well as wound healing in all layers of the cornea. Due to their many functions in the cornea, the identification of drug targets that modulate the expression of AQPs in the cornea could be beneficial to promote corneal wound healing and restore proper function of this tissue crucial for vision.


Assuntos
Aquaporinas , Lesões da Córnea , Humanos , Córnea , Aquaporinas/genética , Transporte Biológico , Água
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612568

RESUMO

We have previously shown that PM10 exposure causes oxidative stress and reduces Nrf2 protein levels, and SKQ1 pre-treatment protects against this damage in human corneal epithelial cells (HCE-2). The current study focuses on uncovering the mechanisms underlying acute PM10 toxicity and SKQ1-mediated protection. HCE-2 were pre-treated with SKQ1 and then exposed to 100 µg/mL PM10. Cell viability, oxidative stress markers, programmed cell death, DNA damage, senescence markers, and pro-inflammatory cytokines were analyzed. Nrf2 cellular location and its transcriptional activity were determined. Effects of the Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 were similarly evaluated. Data showed that PM10 decreased cell viability, Nrf2 transcriptional activity, and mRNA levels of antioxidant enzymes, but increased p-PI3K, p-NFκB, COX-2, and iNOS proteins levels. Additionally, PM10 exposure significantly increased DNA damage, phosphor-p53, p16 and p21 protein levels, and ß-galactosidase (ß-gal) staining, which confirmed the senescence. SKQ1 pre-treatment reversed these effects. ML385 lowered the Nrf2 protein levels and mRNA levels of its downstream targets. ML385 also abrogated the protective effects of SKQ1 against PM10 toxicity by preventing the restoration of cell viability and reduced oxidative stress. In conclusion, PM10 induces inflammation, reduces Nrf2 transcriptional activity, and causes DNA damage, leading to a senescence-like phenotype, which is prevented by SKQ1.


Assuntos
Dieldrin/análogos & derivados , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Estresse Oxidativo , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Córnea , RNA Mensageiro/genética
16.
Rom J Ophthalmol ; 68(1): 60-64, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617728

RESUMO

Aim: To present a complex case of Ahmed tube exposure 6 months after the implantation associated with corneal melting and iris prolapse, and the surgical reposition that required multiple allografts and limbal reconstruction. Methods: A 60-year-old patient arrived at the emergency room with tube exposure combined with corneal melting and iris prolapse from a previously placed Ahmed valve 6 months prior. Our approach was to use one corneoscleral graft to repair the melted cornea and avoid further iris prolapse and a second scleral graft to cover the repositioned tube. Upon completion of conjunctival dissection, cleaning and deepithelization of the melted cornea and the tube by application of alcohol 100% followed. A new entry point was made for the tube and was covered using an alcohol-preserved scleral allograft and the previous entry point was repaired using a corneoscleral allograft with the corneal aspect restoring the limbus and avoiding further iris protrusion. Results: 6 months follow-up of the patient showed excellent recovery, anatomical restoration, and IOP normalization. Conclusion: Surgical repair of these cases can be very demanding, and requires surgical improvisation and prolonged surgical time. The literature remains very limited on how a surgeon should approach similar cases, which are the crucial tips, and which are the missteps that should be avoided. In this case, we used multiple scleral/corneoscleral allografts in a specific orientation and different sutures to reconstruct the damaged limbal area and restore the anatomy. Abbreviations: VA = Visual Acuity, GDD = Glaucoma Drainage Device, IOP = Intra Ocular Pressure.


Assuntos
Úlcera da Córnea , Glaucoma , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glaucoma/complicações , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Córnea , Iris , Etanol , Aloenxertos
17.
Rom J Ophthalmol ; 68(1): 53-56, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617729

RESUMO

Objective: To describe acute calcareous corneal degeneration as a complication of chronic graft-versus-host disease. Materials and methods: Clinical case and review of the literature. Results: We presented a case of bilateral acute calcareous corneal degeneration in a patient with chronic graft-versus-host disease. Conclusions: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) occurs in 50-70% of bone marrow transplantation patients, the most frequent ocular complication being keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). Calcareous corneal degeneration is a type of calcium deposition that can be secondary to chronic ocular inflammation or dry eye, but there are few cases reported of acute calcareous corneal degeneration and recurrent perforation in cGVHD. Abbreviations: GVHD = Chronic graft-versus-host disease, aGVHD = Acute graft-versus-host disease, cGVHD = Chronic graft-versus-host disease, KCS = Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, PKP = Penetrating keratoplasty, AMT = Amniotic membrane transplantation, PRGF = Plasma rich in growth factors, OD = Right eye, OS = Left eye.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Bronquiolite Obliterante , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea , Ceratoconjuntivite Seca , Humanos , Córnea , Ceratoplastia Penetrante , Inflamação
18.
J Vis Exp ; (205)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619277

RESUMO

Biomedical studies of the liver in mammals are hindered by the lack of methods for in vivo noninvasive longitudinal imaging at cellular resolution. Until now, optical imaging of the liver in situ is possible by intravital imaging, which offers high-resolution imaging at the cellular level but cannot be performed multiple times and, therefore, longitudinally in the same animal. Noninvasive imaging methods, such as bioluminescence, allow repeated imaging sessions on the same animal but do not achieve cell resolution. To address this methodology gap, we have developed a platform for noninvasive in vivo imaging of liver spheroids engrafted in the anterior chamber of the mouse eye. In the workflow described in this study, primary mouse liver spheroids are generated in vitro and transplanted into the anterior chamber of the eye of recipient mice, where they engraft on the iris. The cornea acts as a natural body window through which we can image the engrafted spheroids by conventional confocal microscopy. The spheroids survive for months in the eye, during which the cells can be studied in contexts of health and disease, as well as being monitored in response to different stimuli over repeated imaging sessions using appropriate fluorescent probes. In this protocol, we provide a breakdown of the necessary steps to implement this imaging system and explain how to best harness its potential.


Assuntos
Câmara Anterior , Fígado , Animais , Camundongos , Câmara Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Iris , Córnea , Imagem Óptica , Mamíferos
19.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 13(4): 11, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578634

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the protective effect of a shape memory polymeric shield on corneal endothelium during phacoemulsification in rabbits. Methods: Poly-(glycerol dodecanedioate) (PGD) with a transition temperature of 24.416°C was prepared to make a shape memory shield with a thickness of 100 µm, an arc length of 14 mm, and a radius of curvature of 8.8 mm. In the control group, a phaco-tip with bevel-down was used to simulate injury to the corneal endothelium by phacoemulsification in rabbits. In the experimental group, the pre-cooled and curled shape memory shield was injected into and removed from the anterior chamber before and after phaco-power release. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), confocal microscope, trypan blue/alizarin red staining, and scanning electron microscope were performed to measure endothelial damage after surgery. Results: One day postoperatively, the lost cell ratio of the control group and the experimental group were 28.08 ± 5.21% and 3.50 ± 1.43%, respectively (P < 0.0001), the damaged cell ratios were 11.83 ± 2.30% and 2.55 ± 0.52%, respectively (P < 0.0001), and the central corneal thicknesses (CCT) were 406.75 ± 16.74 µm and 340. 5 ±13.48 µm, respectively (P < 0.0001). Seven days postoperatively, the endothelial cell density (ECD) of the control group and the experimental group were 1674 ± 285/mm2 and 2561 ± 554/mm2, respectively (P < 0.05). The above differences were all statistically significant. Conclusions: This PGD based shape memory shield has a protective effect on corneal endothelium during phacoemulsification. It reduces postoperative corneal edema and ECD decrease in the short term after surgery. Translational Relevance: The shape memory PGD "shield" in this study may have a use in certain human patients with vulnerable corneas of low endothelial cell count or shallow anterior chambers.


Assuntos
Endotélio Corneano , Facoemulsificação , Animais , Humanos , Coelhos , Facoemulsificação/efeitos adversos , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Córnea , Câmara Anterior
20.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 13(4): 13, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587437

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of an automated program for keratoconus and keratoconus suspect detection based on corneal measurements provided by a combined Placido disc and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) topographer. Methods: In a multicentric cross-sectional study, an artificial neural network (ANN) was created using 6677 eyes from an equal number of patients (classified as 2663 normal eyes, 1616 keratoconus eyes, 210 keratoconus suspect eyes, 1519 myopic postoperative eyes, and 669 abnormal eyes). Each group was randomly divided into a training set (70% of the dataset) and a validation set (the remaining 30%). A multilayer perceptron network with a backpropagation learning algorithm was developed for the study. Indexes used to train the ANN were based on curvature and elevation of both the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces and the new corneal OCT indexes-based on corneal, stromal, and epithelial thicknesses. Results: For keratoconus detection, our ANN showed an accuracy of 98.6%, precision of 96%, recall of 97.9%, and F1-score of 96.9%. For keratoconus suspect detection, our ANN showed an accuracy of 98.5%, precision of 83.6%, recall of 69.7%, and F1-score of 76%. Conclusions: Compared to previous literature, the addition of new OCT-based epithelial and stromal thickness indexes improves ANN detection capacity of keratoconus suspect eyes. For already stablished keratoconus our ANN detection capacity is excellent, but equivalent to previous evidence without incorporating such new OCT-based indexes. Translational Relevance: OCT-based epithelial and stromal thickness indexes improve ANN detection capacity of keratoconus on its early stages.


Assuntos
Ceratocone , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Estudos Transversais , Redes Neurais de Computação , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem
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