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1.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584087

RESUMO

Evaluation is generally considered to occur after the generation of novel ideas to select truly creative ideas; however, evaluation may occur concurrently with the generation and regulate its efficiency. To test this hypothesis, 120 participants who held strict, moderate, or loose evaluation standards were grouped, and neural responses related to novel idea generation were compared retrospectively. The results showed that lower N400 amplitudes and greater LSP amplitudes were simultaneously elicited by objectively defined novel and usable options than by novel but unusable options among participants with moderate standards but not among participants with strict or loose standards. Evaluation standards influence the efficiency of novel idea generation; neither strict nor loose evaluation standards are conducive to fully resolving cognitive conflicts and generating novel ideas. Moreover, lower N400 amplitudes and greater LSP amplitudes were simultaneously elicited by the subjectively rated novel and usable option than by the novel but unusable option among participants with strict and moderate standards but not among participants with loose standards. Evaluation standards influence the selection among the generated ideas; participants in the strict and moderate groups made a wise choice based on the degree of conflict resolution, whereas participants in the loose group did not.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Individualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Potenciais Evocados
2.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e081367, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514152

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the creative potential of surgeons and surgeon trainees, as measured by divergent thinking. The secondary objectives were to identify factors associated with divergent thinking, assess confidence in creative problem-solving and the perceived effect of surgical training on creative potential, and explore the value of creativity in surgery. DESIGN: We used a mixed-methods design, conducting a survey of divergent thinking ability using a validated questionnaire followed by two semi-structured interviews with top-scoring participants. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: Surgeons and surgeon trainees in the Department of Surgery at McMaster University. OUTCOMES: The primary outcome was divergent thinking, assessed with the Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults. Participants also self-assessed their confidence in creative problem-solving and the effect of surgical training on their creative potential. We performed descriptive analyses and multivariable linear regression to identify factors associated with divergent thinking. We conducted a thematic analysis of the interview responses. RESULTS: 82 surgeons and surgeon trainees were surveyed; 43 were junior trainees and 28 were senior trainees. General surgery, orthopaedic surgery and plastic surgery represented 71.9% of the participants. The median participant age was 28 years (range 24-73), 51.2% of whom were female. Participants demonstrated levels of divergent thinking that were higher but not meaningfully different from the adult norm (62.39 (95% CI 61.25, 63.53), p<0.001). While participants scored significantly higher than the average adult on fluency (the ability to produce quantities of ideas) and flexibility (the ability to process information in different ways) (p<0.001 for both), they scored below average on originality (the ability to produce uncommon, new or unique ideas) (p<0.001). Regression analysis identified higher divergent thinking scores among females (estimated ß=-3.58 (95% CI -6.25 to -0.90), p=0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The divergent thinking ability among surgeons and surgeon trainees was not meaningfully different from the adult normative score; however, their ability to generate original ideas was below average.


Assuntos
Cirurgiões , Pensamento , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Pensamento/fisiologia , Criatividade , Resolução de Problemas , Canadá
3.
Soins Psychiatr ; 45(351): 29-32, 2024.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527870

RESUMO

Music can be used as a therapeutic tool with people suffering from complex addictions and traumas. By playing together, the patient and care team create a transitional space conducive to emotional attunement and trust. This shared experience facilitates connection and engagement in the therapeutic relationship, which conveys a sense of security. Music is a powerful tool in the treatment of addiction and trauma. It helps to repair damaged bonds and develop empathy, cooperation and creativity within the care team.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Música , Humanos , Música/psicologia , Emoções , Empatia , Criatividade
4.
Psychoanal Rev ; 111(1): 37-46, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551661

RESUMO

By revisiting the last years of a long psychoanalytic treatment of a female patient, a psychoanalyst reflects on her own development as a clinician and on the changes in her experience of psychoanalytic generativity. An increasing ability to understand patient's shifts between creativity and destructiveness brings about a different understanding of the process of mourning, while the shared aging of the analytic dyad highlights the difficulty of ending an analysis that has become a way of life.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , Humanos , Feminino , Pesar , Criatividade , Sonhos , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Teoria Psicanalítica
5.
Georgian Med News ; (346): 38-44, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501619

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to investigate the manifestation of creativity levels and criteria, conditioned by the ratio of personal qualities, motivational orientation, and contributing and hindering factors. These elements are regarded as pivotal factors in ensuring mental health and socio-psychological maturity. The study involved 300 managers from the private and public sectors of the Republic of Armenia. The research contributes to the academic discourse by introducing novel correlations between scientific concepts of creativity, enriching the theoretical foundations of creativity and motivation, creativity and personal qualities, and creativity and its contributing and hindering factors. Findings suggest a high level of creativity among managers, characterized by fluency, flexibility, and originality. Notably, power and altruism emerge as significant motivational orientations within the manager's psychological profile. Moreover, modern managers do not perceive reward or competition as hindrances to creativity. Essential factors conducive to creativity include dominance, competition, reward, freedom of thought, and a willingness to take risks in decision-making. The proposed creativity research and development model holds promise for informing a scientific approach to the psychological selection and training of managers.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Saúde Mental , Motivação , Armênia
6.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 180, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Creativity is an essential cognitive ability that plays a crucial role in advanced thinking. While previous research has demonstrated the impact of insomnia on cognitive function, its effects on creativity in Chinese adolescents remain unclear. This study explored the relationship between insomnia (specifically, daytime and nighttime disturbances) and creativity in adolescents. Additionally, it examined the potential mediating effect of the need for cognition on this relationship. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to 302 adolescents to measure their creativity, need for cognition, and insomnia levels using the Williams Creative Tendencies Scale, Need for Cognition Scale, and Bergen Insomnia Scale, respectively. Regression analysis was conducted to examine the direct impact of insomnia on creativity. Furthermore, a mediation model was constructed to investigate the role of the need for cognition in mediating the relationship between insomnia and creativity. RESULTS: The findings of the present study indicated that insomnia had a direct impact on the creativity of adolescents, demonstrating a time-of-day effect. Daytime disturbances were found to have a positive correlation with overall creativity and imagination, whereas no significant direct effect was found between nighttime disturbances and creativity. Further analysis revealed that insomnia, specifically daytime disturbances, might influence creativity by affecting the individual's need for cognition. However, no similar indirect effects were observed for the relationship between nighttime disturbances and creativity. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that adolescents might experience improved creativity as a result of daytime disruptions, and the level of need for cognition could play a crucial role in understanding the link between insomnia and creativity in adolescents.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Adolescente , Cognição , Criatividade , China
7.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299775, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517932

RESUMO

Using creativity to promote recreational services is crucial. Accordingly, creative linguistic landscapes (CLLs) are being used to improve visitors' experiences in some recreational zones. However, relevant research is still in its early stages. Therefore, this study was conducted. It summarized the leisure function categories and function evaluation indicators of CLLs in recreational zones respectively based on image materials and related online reviews. The leisure function outcomes of all CLL types were ranked using the fuzzy PROMETHEE method; based on this ranking, a CLL configuration optimization mode was suggested. The findings reveal the following. (1) Currently, there are mainly nine leisure function types of CLL in practice, although the type structure is severely imbalanced; there are 12 primary corresponding function evaluation indicators, although each of them draws significantly different attention. (2) There are notable variations among the outcomes of different types of functions of CLL: mood adjustment is the most advantageous function of CLL for leisure services, followed by emotional guidance and cognitive building functions; (3) According to the study findings, in the configuration of CLL, which aims at leisure function optimization, the "function focusing and coordinating mode (the superior functions of CLL are focused on and its various functions are coordinated)" should be adopted. The results provide meaningful lessons for the establishment of rational and effective CLL in recreational zones.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Criatividade , Cognição , Linguística
8.
Cognition ; 245: 105741, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350252

RESUMO

Despite the societal relevance of creative ideas, humans favor traditional over more original solutions, conceivably because of the increased uncertainty that comes with trying novel approaches. Here, we tested whether this anti-creativity bias can be counteracted by increasing familiarity with, and confidence in, creative solutions. Participants chose between creative and traditional uses for given objects. In study 1 (N = 67 international adults), these objects repeated either identically or conceptually during the experiment; and in study 2 (N = 68 international adults), choice options were either self-generated or externally provided. Spatial and temporal measures of response selection indicated an implicit bias towards the traditional approach, independent of repetition type (study 1). This attraction towards the norm was also found for self-generated creative ideas, but it was considerably reduced compared to other-generated ideas (study 2). Instead of increasing familiarity, building confidence in creative solutions might thus be the key to reduce corresponding uncertainty and promote successful creative ideation.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Adulto , Humanos
9.
Acad Radiol ; 31(2): 351-359, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38401980

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: With the shifting needs of radiologists due to escalating healthcare demands, the impetus for an increased focus on wellness and the benefits of the humanities in medicine inspired a novel approach to curricular planning of the 2023 Association of University Radiologists (AUR) annual meeting. In this manuscript, we describe the creative process behind planning and executing this innovative meeting format. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reimagining the annual meeting was a collaborative effort centered around the development of an innovative Arts and Wellness Program, with the goal of integrating opportunities for artistic expression and experiential wellness throughout the meeting. RESULTS: Of the 1313 meeting attendees, 423 (32.2%) completed the annual meeting evaluation, of which 244 were in-person and 61 attended virtually. 178 of 423 respondents (42.1%) participated in the arts and wellness programming. 160 of 203 respondents (78.9%) reported that the arts and wellness programming enhanced the overall meeting experience. 164 of 197 respondents (83.2%) gained greater appreciation for the talents of radiology colleagues. 97 of 195 respondents (49.7%) stated that the programming gave them ideas as to how to cope effectively with stress. CONCLUSION: The incorporation of art, music, and other wellness activities into a national radiology meeting was well-received by meeting attendees. For many radiologists who participated in the various musical and artistic offerings at the AUR 2023 meeting, sharing artistic talents with the radiology community and colleagues represented the most fundamental way to be fully seen, express authenticity, and connect with others.


Assuntos
Arte , Radiologia , Humanos , Criatividade , Promoção da Saúde , Radiografia , Congressos como Assunto
10.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1533(1): 89-98, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334379

RESUMO

This article provides an overview of science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medical sciences (STEMM) talent development from first exposure to a STEMM domain to achieving eminence and innovation. To this end, a resource-oriented model of STEMM talent development is proposed as a framework. It includes a three-stage phase model based on Bloom (1985), with the main focus on interest development in the first stage, skill acquisition toward expertise and excellence in the second stage, and style formation toward eminence and innovation in the final stage. A literature review shows that from an educational perspective, each phase is mainly characterized by the focus that Bloom postulated. However, it is important that all three stages (i.e., interest development, skill acquisition, and style formation) occur in a stage-typical manner. To explain how these primary objectives of STEMM development can be supported through STEMM talent education, Ziegler and Stoeger's (2011) educational and learning capital framework is used in the proposed resource-based model. A literature review shows that consistent provisioning of the resources specified in the model is necessary for individuals to complete a learning pathway to STEMM eminence and innovation.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Aprendizagem , Humanos , Tecnologia , Engenharia , Escolaridade
11.
J Nurs Educ ; 63(4): 265-267, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This article advances theory to practice by describing the application of queer norm-critical pedagogy to a poster given as part of a virtual session at the 2021 American Association of Colleges of Nursing Diversity Symposium. METHOD: The authors created and facilitated the experience of a queered, conceptual poster, inviting a critical appraisal of both the limits and the possibilities of knowledge sharing and co-creation among nurse educators and nursing scholars. RESULTS: The poster was and remains a multimodal, democratic, space/time-transgressing performance whose reach extended well beyond the Symposium in both time and (virtual) space. CONCLUSION: Inviting learners into this co-created, ongoing educational activity up-ends the hierarchies of conference participation, breaking the fourth wall. This kind of work also has potential for the classroom. With planning and creativity, nursing educators can use the methods described here to queer their teaching. [J Nurs Educ. 2024;63(4):265-267.].


Assuntos
Currículo , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Humanos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Criatividade , Docentes de Enfermagem
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2922, 2024 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316826

RESUMO

Although various social factors can significantly impact creative performance, it is still unclear how social cohesion (i.e., how close we feel to others) influences creativity. We therefore conducted two studies exploring the association between social cohesion and creativity within the domain of musical improvisation, a prime example of creative performance, which usually plays out in social contexts. The first study (n = 58 musical novices) showed that music-induced synchrony facilitates social cohesion. In our second study (n = 18 musical novices), we found that in two out of three experimental conditions, increased social cohesion is associated with less creative musical outcomes, as rated by nine expert musicians. In our subsequent analysis we related measures of social cohesion and creativity. This approach highlights how, within a musical setting, creativity unfolds in the context of social contingencies as social cohesion and related factors.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Música , Coesão Social , Criatividade , Emoções
14.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(2)2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38204300

RESUMO

Divergent thinking is assumed to benefit from releasing the constraint of existing knowledge (i.e. top-down control) and enriching free association (i.e. bottom-up processing). However, whether functional antagonism between top-down control-related and bottom-up processing-related brain structures is conducive to generating original ideas is largely unknown. This study was designed to investigate the effect of functional antagonism between the left inferior frontal gyrus and the right temporoparietal junction on divergent thinking performance. A within-subjects design was adopted for three experiments. A total of 114 participants performed divergent thinking tasks after receiving transcranial direct current stimulation over target regions. In particular, cathodal stimulation over the left inferior frontal gyrus and anodal stimulation over the right inferior frontal gyrus (Experiment 1), anodal stimulation over the right temporoparietal junction (Experiment 2), and both cathodal stimulation over the left inferior frontal gyrus and anodal stimulation over the right temporoparietal junction (Experiment 3) were manipulated. Compared with sham stimulation, the combination of hyperpolarization of the left inferior frontal gyrus and depolarization of the right temporoparietal junction comprehensively promoted the fluency, flexibility, and originality of divergent thinking without decreasing the rationality of generated ideas. Functional antagonism between the left inferior frontal gyrus (hyperpolarization) and right temporoparietal junction (depolarization) has a "1 + 1 > 2" superposition effect on divergent thinking.


Assuntos
Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Humanos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Criatividade
15.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0295646, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38170691

RESUMO

This paper investigates the capacity of ChatGPT, an advanced language model created by OpenAI, to mitigate the side effects encountered by learners in Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) within higher education. A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with six professors and three Information and Communication Technology (ICT) experts. Employing thematic analysis, the interview data were assessed, revealing that the side effects stemming from the learner and learning perspectives could be primarily categorized into cognitive, non-cognitive, and metacognitive challenges. The findings of the thematic analysis indicate that, from a cognitive standpoint, ChatGPT can generate relevant and trustworthy information, furnish personalized learning resources, and facilitate interdisciplinary learning to fully actualize learners' potential. Moreover, ChatGPT can aid learners in cultivating non-cognitive skills, including motivation, perseverance, self-regulation, and self-efficacy, as well as metacognitive abilities such as self-determination, self-efficacy, and self-regulation, by providing tailored feedback, fostering creativity, and stimulating critical thinking activities. This study offers valuable insights for integrating artificial intelligence technologies to unleash the full potential of PLEs in higher education.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Metacognição , Criatividade , Aprendizagem , Pensamento
16.
J Psycholinguist Res ; 53(1): 1, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38240909

RESUMO

The relevance of the study is conditioned by the need for competitive, non-standard-thinking specialists who can shift from conventional thinking patterns, and quickly solve problems and situations, i.e., show creativity in certain conditions, as a quality inherent in every person who strives for comprehensive development. The purpose of the study is to determine the psychological features of the integral and creative style of thinking of students in the conditions of linguistic multiculturalism in the educational process and to identify factors and conditions that contribute to the most effective development of creativity. For theoretical investigation of the material, such methods as research and analysis of scientific literature and systematisation were used. As part of a practical investigation of the psychological characteristics of the creative personality of students, psychological and diagnostic techniques were selected and used. The result of this article is the identification of the psychological characteristics of the integral and creative style of thinking of students within a linguistic multicultural educational context. The research establishes the connection between creativity, as an integral quality, and intelligence, emphasizing the potential development of originality, independent thought, and idea generation. The study underscores the importance of fostering creative thinking within a multicultural linguistic framework and highlights the pivotal role of higher education and multicultural environments in nurturing essential professional qualities for future specialists. The practical importance of the study lies in the fact that its materials are of theoretical value for teachers of higher education, in particular, supervisors of student groups, and for students of various pedagogical and psychological specialities.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Pensamento , Humanos , Universidades , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia
17.
18.
Nat Hum Behav ; 8(3): 471-479, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216692

RESUMO

Understanding the factors that hinder support for creative ideas is important because creative ideas fuel innovation-a goal prioritized across the arts, sciences and business. Here we document one obstacle faced by creative ideas: as ideas become more novel-that is, they depart more from existing norms and standards-disagreement grows about their potential value. Specifically, across multiple contexts, using both experimental methods (four studies, total n = 1,801) and analyses of archival data, we find that there is more variability in judgements of the value of more novel (versus less novel) ideas. We also find that people interpret greater variability in others' judgements about an idea's value as a signal of risk, reducing their willingness to invest in the idea. Our findings show that consensus about an idea's worth diminishes the newer it is, highlighting one reason creative ideas may fail to gain traction in the social world.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Julgamento , Humanos , Comércio , Motivação
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 176, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167465

RESUMO

Recent studies have indicated potential links between short bouts of physical activity like stair-climbing and enhanced creative thinking. However, previous research featured limitations, such as using an uncommon 3 flights round-trip design and lacking baseline creative thinking evaluations. To rectify these limitations and build a more comprehensive understanding, the present study adopts a between-subjects pretest posttest comparison design to scrutinize the effects of ascending stair-climbing on both divergent and convergent thinking. 52 subjects underwent a pretest, followed by random assignment to one of four interventions: ascending stair-climbing for 2, 5, or 8 flights, or taking an elevator for 8 flights, before progressing to a posttest. The results revealed a notable improvement in convergent thinking, measured by the increased number of solved matchstick arithmetic problems (d = 1.165), for participants who climbed 2 flights of stairs compared to those who took the elevator. However, climbing 5 or 8 flights showed no such impact on convergent thinking, and stair-climbing, regardless of the number of flights, did not influence divergent thinking. These findings underscore the utility of brief stair-climbing as an accessible means to enhance convergent thinking in everyday settings, providing a nuanced insight into the relationship between physical activity and creative thinking processes.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Subida de Escada , Humanos , Criatividade , Elevadores e Escadas Rolantes , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde/métodos
20.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0290682, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232102

RESUMO

The question of whether China can become a creative nation has been a topic of much debate in academic circles. The Chinese government has expressed its belief that China can develop a unique form of creativity to move the country from the periphery to the center of the global creative ecosystem. This perspective has led to a series of state-led trials and experiments, including the adoption of cultural and creative industries, creative clusters and cities, and the recent maker movement. This paper utilizes the center-periphery theory to analyze the emergence, development, and evolution of China's maker movement, aiming to revisit the creativity issues in contemporary China. Based on three years of ethnographic research, the paper unpacks the maker movement at three interrelated levels: individual, organizational, and urban. Empirical data indicates that the transformation of China's maker movement is characterized by commodification, formalization, and infrastructuralization processes. The tension between growth and development, and stability and control has turned the once grassroots maker movement into a contested creative hybrid. This paper challenges the conventional view that China is resistant to change and incapable of creativity due to institutional and ideological influences. It demonstrates how an alternative mode of creativity can emerge outside global creative centers and proposes a new perspective on China's potential to become a creative nation.


Assuntos
Mercantilização , China , Criatividade
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