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1.
Mycorrhiza ; 34(1-2): 119-130, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509266

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) live simultaneously inside and outside of host plant roots for a functional mycorrhizal symbiosis. Still, the year-round dynamics and relationships between soil properties and AMF communities of trees in forest ecosystems remain unclear. We collected paired root and soil samples of the same Cryptomeria japonica trees at two forest sites (five trees at each site) every 2 months over a year. Total DNA was extracted from roots and soil separately and soil physicochemical properties were measured. With Illumina's next-generation amplicon sequencing targeting the small subunit of fungal ribosomal DNA, we clarified seasonal dynamics of soil properties and AMF communities. Soil pH and total phosphorus showed significant seasonality while total carbon, nitrogen, and C/N did not. Only pH was a good predictor of the composition and dynamics of the AMF community. The total AMF community (roots + soil) showed significant seasonality because of variation from May to September. Root and soil AMF communities were steady year-round, however, with similar species richness but contained significantly different AMF assemblages in any sampling month. Despite the weak seasonality in the communities, the top two dominant OTUs showed significant but different shifts between roots and soils across seasons with strong antagonistic relationships. In conclusion, few dominant AMF taxa are dynamically shifting between the roots and soils of C. japonica to respond to seasonal and phenological variations in their microhabitats. AMF inhabiting forest ecosystems may have high environmental plasticity to sustain a functional symbiosis regardless of seasonal variations that occur in the soil.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Micorrizas , Micorrizas/genética , Solo/química , Ecossistema , Cryptomeria/genética , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Árvores , DNA Fúngico/genética , Fungos/genética
2.
J Environ Radioact ; 273: 107390, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295586

RESUMO

Removal of litter-associated 137Cs from the forest floor (litter removal) can reduce the 137Cs uptake by plants; however, the proposed effective period for litter removal was 1-2 years after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. This is because the 137Cs in forest soil migrates rapidly from the litter to surface mineral soil layers in Japanese forests, and thus the effectiveness of litter removal will quickly become limited. However, it is unknown whether this approach can be applied to forests whose vertical migration of 137Cs in the forest soil is relatively slow. Herein, we compared the 137Cs activity concentration in the inner bark of the Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) between litter removal (conducted in September and October 2016, 5 years after the accident) and in control areas in Kawauchi Village, Fukushima Prefecture, where the vertical migration of 137Cs was relatively slow from the litter to surface mineral soil layers. Air dose rates (ambient dose equivalent) in the litter removal area were significantly lower than those in the control area in 2022, and the 137Cs inventory in the forest soil in litter removal area also tended to be lower than that in the control area. In Japanese cedars with similar levels of outer bark contamination, the 137Cs activity concentration in the inner bark in the litter removal area was significantly lower than that in the control area, and consistent trends were also found when comparing the 137Cs activity concentration in the leaves of Stephanandra incisa and Wisteria floribunda obtained from the same forest. Thus, the litter removal 5 years after the FDNPP accident may have reduced the 137Cs uptake in Japanese cedar in an evergreen coniferous forest where the vertical migration of 137Cs is relatively slow in the forest soil.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/análise , Florestas , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Solo , Minerais , Japão
3.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 185(1): 73-78, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37852197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT), an established treatment for allergic diseases, prevents the development of other allergic manifestations. Although the mechanisms remain unclear, AIT has been shown to reduce basophil activation (BA) against nontarget allergens. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess immunological changes in Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) after Japanese cedar pollen (JCP)-based subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) monotherapy. METHOD: The data of 16 patients (age: 6-37 years) with JCP-induced allergic rhinitis who were sensitive to Der f (serum Der f-specific immunoglobulin E [IgE] level >0.34 kUA/L) and received JCP-based SCIT for 5 years were reviewed retrospectively. BA by Der f and JCP extracts and serum-specific IgE and immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) levels against these allergens were evaluated before and after completing 5 years of JCP-based SCIT monotherapy. RESULTS: The areas under the dose-response curves of BA by Der f and JCP extracts were significantly reduced (p = 0.02 and p = 0.002, respectively). JCP-specific IgE levels decreased and JCP-specific IgG4 levels increased significantly (p < 0.001 for both), whereas Der f-specific IgE and IgG4 levels did not change significantly. CONCLUSIONS: JCP-based SCIT monotherapy reduced Der f-specific BA. These findings suggest that JCP-based SCIT has the potential to modulate immune response toward nontarget allergens.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Animais , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/terapia , Pyroglyphidae , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pólen , Basófilos , Alérgenos , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Imunoglobulina E , Dessensibilização Imunológica , Imunoglobulina G
4.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 17(1): 6-11, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38032451

RESUMO

Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is an effective and popular treatment for cedar pollinosis. Although SLIT can cause allergic side effects, eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a lesser-known side effect of SLIT. A 26-year-old male with cedar pollinosis, wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, and food allergies to bananas and avocados presented with persistent throat itching, difficulty swallowing, heartburn, and anterior chest pain 8 days after starting SLIT for cedar pollinosis. Laboratory examination showed remarkably elevated eosinophils, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed linear furrows in the entire esophagus. Histological examination of an esophageal biopsy specimen revealed high eosinophil levels. The patient was strongly suspected with EoE triggered by SLIT. The patient was advised to switch from the swallow to the spit method for SLIT, and the symptoms associated with SLIT-triggered EoE were reduced after switching to the spit method. This case highlights the importance of recognizing SLIT-triggered EoE as a potential side effect of SLIT for cedar pollinosis, especially with the increasing use of SLIT in clinical practice. EoE can occur within a month after initiating SLIT in patients with multiple allergic conditions, as observed in our case. Furthermore, the spit method should be recommended for patients who experience SLIT-triggered EoE before discontinuing SLIT.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Esofagite Eosinofílica , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Imunoterapia Sublingual , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/complicações , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/terapia , Imunoterapia Sublingual/efeitos adversos , Esofagite Eosinofílica/etiologia , Esofagite Eosinofílica/terapia , Administração Sublingual
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 169060, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38061642

RESUMO

Historically, forest thinning in Japan was conducted to obtain high-quality timber from plantations. Today, in contrast, thinning is also motivated by forest water balance and climate change considerations. It is in this context that the present study examines the effects of thinning on the ecophysiological responses of remaining trees, which are inadequately understood, especially in relation to changes in the magnitude and duration of transpiration. Sap flux densities were measured in both outer and inner sapwood to obtain stand-scale transpiration for two years in the pre-thinning state and three years post-thinning. The effects of thinning on transpiration were quantitatively evaluated based on canopy conductance models. The larger increases in outer sap flux density were found in the first year after the treatment, while those in inner sap flux density were detected in the second and third years. The remaining trees required a few of years to adjust to improved light conditions of the lower crown, resulting in a delayed response of inner sap flux density. As a result of this lag, transpiration was reduced to 71 % of the pre-thinning condition in the first year, but transpiration recovered to the pre-thinning levels in the second and third years due to compensating contributions from inner sap flow. In terms of more accurately chronicling the thinning effect, the distribution of sap flux density with respect to its radial pattern, is necessary. Such measurements are key to more comprehensively examining the ecophysiological response of forest plantations to thinning and, ultimately, its effect on the forest water balance.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Cryptomeria/fisiologia , Transpiração Vegetal/fisiologia , Florestas , Árvores/fisiologia , Água
6.
Arerugi ; 72(10): 1230-1239, 2023.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38092399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on Japanese cedar and cypress pollinosis in a mass scattering year of cedar pollen (total counts: 12353 grains/cm2, approximately four times the average). METHODS: SLIT patients of 84 in the first year, 107 in the second year and 67 in the third year treated with Cedarcure® were included. During the 2023 cedar and cypress pollen dispersal season, nasal and eye symptoms and general symptoms were examined using a visual analog scale (VAS). RESULTS: The VAS during the cedar season significantly decreased to improve with the number of years of SLIT, but the VAS during the cypress period slightly increased. A questionnaire survey before SLIT revealed that only 0.9% to 3.6% of patients had strong cypress symptoms. However, sneezing (p<0.01), rhinorrhea, itchy eyes and total symptoms (p<0.05) in the third year of SLIT were significantly stronger during the cypress period than during the cedar period. The VAS of total symptoms during the Japanese cedar pollen season were not affected by the pollen count, and the cure rate was affected by SLIT in the third year. CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy of cedar SLIT on cedar pollinosis was high even in a mass scattering year, and the effect increased with the number of years of treatment. On the other hand, it was shown that the clinical efficacy on cypress pollinosis was insufficient.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Cupressus , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Imunoterapia Sublingual , Humanos , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/terapia , Pólen , Resultado do Tratamento , Alérgenos
7.
Arerugi ; 72(9): 1138-1146, 2023.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37967960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known whether sublingual immunotherapy using Japanese cedar pollen extract (cedar SLIT) is effective for not only Japanese cedar pollinosis but also Japanese cypress pollinosis. We investigated the prevalence rate of Japanese cypress pollinosis, efficacy of cedar SLIT on cypress pollinosis and patients' wish to receive cypress SLIT. METHODS: We investigated a multi-center (31 institutions), cross-sectional survey using a self-administrated questionnaire with four questions for patients received cedar SLIT aged from 5 to 69 years old. RESULTS: 2523 subjects were enrolled for analysis. 83.4% of them had pollinosis symptoms during cypress season before cedar SLIT. In such patients, 37.4% experienced lessened efficacy of cedar SLIT during cypress season. Both the prevalence of cypress pollinosis and the lessened efficacy of cedar SLIT on cypress pollinosis were significantly seen in western Japan as compared to eastern Japan. 76.1% of the subject having cypress pollinosis before SLIT wished to receive cypress SLIT if it is available. CONCLUSION: A lessened efficacy of cedar SLIT during cypress season was broadly seen in Japan, and further showed a regional difference. Together with the finding of high wish by patients, these results suggest a development of cypress SLIT is desirable.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Cupressus , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Imunoterapia Sublingual , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/terapia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/tratamento farmacológico , Pólen , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Alérgenos
9.
Int Immunol ; 35(9): 447-458, 2023 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37418020

RESUMO

Cry j 1 is a major allergen present in Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) pollens. Peptides with the core sequence of KVTVAFNQF from Cry j 1 ('pCj1') bind to HLA-DP5 and activate Th2 cells. In this study, we noticed that Ser and Lys at positions -2 and -3, respectively, in the N-terminal flanking (NF) region to pCj1 are conserved well in HLA-DP5-binding allergen peptides. A competitive binding assay showed that the double mutation of Ser(-2) and Lys(-3) to Glu [S(P-2)E/K(P-3)E] in a 13-residue Cry j 1 peptide (NF-pCj1) decreased its affinity for HLA-DP5 by about 2-fold. Similarly, this double mutation reduced, by about 2-fold, the amount of NF-pCj1 presented on the surface of mouse antigen-presenting dendritic cell line 1 (mDC1) cells stably expressing HLA-DP5. We established NF-pCj1-specific and HLA-DP5-restricted CD4+ T-cell clones from HLA-DP5 positive cedar pollinosis (CP) patients, and analyzed their IL-2 production due to the activation of mouse TG40 cells expressing the cloned T-cell receptor by the NF-pCj1-presenting mDC1 cells. The T-cell activation was actually decreased by the S(P-2)E/K(P-3)E mutation, corresponding to the reduction in the peptide presentation by this mutation. In contrast, the affinity of NF-pCj1·HLA-DP5 for the T-cell receptor was not affected by the S(P-2)E/K(P-3)E mutation, as analyzed by surface plasmon resonance. Considering the positional and side-chain differences of these NF residues from previously reported T-cell activating sequences, the mechanisms of enhanced T-cell activation by Ser(-2) and Lys(-3) of NF-pCj1 may be novel.


Assuntos
Alérgenos , Cryptomeria , Animais , Camundongos , Cryptomeria/química , Antígenos de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Pólen , Peptídeos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T
10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 201: 107879, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37422947

RESUMO

As the most abundant renewable energy source, wood comprises the secondary cell wall (SCW). SCW biosynthesis involves lignin and cellulose deposition. Increasing studies have illustrated that R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs) play pivotal roles in affecting lignin accumulation and SCW formation. Nevertheless, the regulatory roles of R2R3-MYBs are still unresolved in Cryptomeria fortunei Hooibrenk cambium and wood formation. To dissect the potentials of CfMYBs, we successfully cloned and intensively studied the functions of CfMYB4 and CfMYB5 in SCW formation and abiotic stress response. They both contained the conserved MYB domain capable of forming a special structure that could bind to the core motifs of downstream genes. The phylogenetic tree implied that two CfMYBs clustered into different evolutionary branches. They were predominantly expressed in the stem and were localized to the nucleus. Furthermore, CfMYB4 functioned as an activator to enhance lignin and cellulose accumulation, and increase the SCW thickness by elevating the expression levels of SCW-related genes. By contrast, CfMYB5 negatively regulated lignin and cellulose biosynthesis, and decreased SCW formation by reducing the expression of SCW biosynthetic genes. Our data not only highlight the regulatory functions of CfMYBs in lignin deposition but also provide critical insights into the development of strategies for the genetic improvement of Cryptomeria fortunei wood biomass.


Assuntos
Parede Celular , Cryptomeria , Proteínas de Plantas , Fatores de Transcrição , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Cryptomeria/genética , Cryptomeria/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Lignina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
12.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 11779, 2023 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37479866

RESUMO

Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don) is an economically important coniferous tree in Japan. However, abundant sugi pollen grains are dispersed and transported by the wind each spring and cause a severe pollen allergy syndrome (Japanese cedar pollinosis). The use of pollen-free sugi that cannot produce pollen has been thought as a countermeasure to Japanese cedar pollinosis. The sugi CjACOS5 gene is an ortholog of Arabidopsis ACOS5 and rice OsACOS12, which encode an acyl-CoA synthetase that is involved in the synthesis of sporopollenin in pollen walls. To generate pollen-free sugi, we mutated CjACOS5 using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. As a result of sugi transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring the CjACOS5-targeted CRISPR/Cas9 vector, 1 bp-deleted homo biallelic mutant lines were obtained. Chimeric mutant lines harboring both mutant and wild-type CjACOS5 genes were also generated. The homo biallelic mutant lines had no-pollen in male strobili, whereas chimeric mutant lines had male strobili with or without pollen grains. Our results suggest that CjACOS5 is essential for the production of pollen in sugi and that its disruption is useful for the generation of pollen-free sugi. In addition to conventional transgenic technology, genome editing technology, including CRISPR/Cas9, can confer new traits on sugi.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Cryptomeria , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Humanos , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/genética , Árvores , Cryptomeria/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Pólen/genética
13.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 9144, 2023 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37277410

RESUMO

Radiocesium (137Cs) released in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident is still cycling in the forest ecosystem. We examined the mobility of 137Cs in the external parts-leaves/needles, branches, and bark-of the two major tree species in Fukushima, Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and konara oak (Quercus serrata). This variable mobility will likely lead to spatial heterogeneity of 137Cs and difficulty in predicting its dynamics for decades. We conducted leaching experiments on these samples by using ultrapure water and ammonium acetate. In Japanese cedar, the 137Cs percentage leached from current-year needles was 26-45% (ultrapure water) and 27-60% (ammonium acetate)-similar to those from old needles and branches. In konara oak, the 137Cs percentage leached from leaves was 47-72% (ultrapure water) and 70-100% (ammonium acetate)-comparable to those from current-year and old branches. Relatively poor 137Cs mobility was observed in the outer bark of Japanese cedar and in organic layer samples from both species. Comparison of the results from corresponding parts revealed greater 137Cs mobility in konara oak than in Japanese cedar. We suggest that more active cycling of 137Cs occurs in konara oak.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo , Árvores , Ecossistema , Florestas , Radioisótopos de Césio/análise , Poluentes Radioativos do Solo/análise , Japão
14.
Microb Ecol ; 86(3): 2133-2146, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37115261

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in the roots and soil surrounding their hosts are typically independently investigated and little is known of the relationships between the communities of the two compartments. We simultaneously collected root and surrounding soil samples from Cryptomeria japonica (Cj) and Chamaecyparis obtusa (Co) at three environmentally different sites. Based on molecular and morphological analyses, we characterized their associated AMF communities. Cj was more densely colonized than Co and that root colonization intensity was significantly correlated with soil AMF diversity. The communities comprised 15 AMF genera dominated by Glomus and Paraglomus and 1443 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) of which 1067 and 1170 were in roots and soil, respectively. AMF communities were significantly different among sites, and the root AMF communities were significantly different from those of soil at each site. The root and soil AMF communities responded differently to soil pH. At the genus level, Glomus and Acaulospora were abundant in roots while Paraglomus and Redeckera were abundant in soil. Our findings suggest that AMF colonizing roots are protected from environmental stresses in soil. However, the root-soil-abundant taxa have adapted to both environments and represent a model AMF symbiont. This evidence of strategic exploitation of the rhizosphere by AMF supports prior hypotheses and provides insights into community ecology.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Cupressus , Glomeromycota , Micorrizas , Micorrizas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Fungos/genética , Glomeromycota/genética , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
15.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 87(6): 649-652, 2023 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36945060

RESUMO

The antiallergic properties of phlorotannins, algal polyphenols, have been widely reported. This study examined the soothing effect of phlorotannin concentrate (PTC) from Eisenia nipponica on cedar pollinosis in Cry j 1-stimulated mice. PTC reduced the mice's sneezing and nasal rubbing, which was attributed to decreased levels of immunoglobulin E and Th2-type cytokines [interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13].


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Camundongos , Animais , Alérgenos , Proteínas de Plantas , Antígenos de Plantas , Citocinas
16.
PLoS One ; 18(2): e0277797, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36795783

RESUMO

Environmental responses are critical for plant growth and survival under different climate conditions. To elucidate the underlying biological mechanisms of environmental responses in Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don), the annual transcriptome dynamics of common clonal trees (Godai1) planted at three different climate sites (Yamagata, Ibaraki, and Kumamoto Prefectures) were analyzed using microarrays. Both principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering of the microarray data indicated the transition to dormant transcriptome status occurred earlier and the transition to active growth status later in the colder region. Interestingly, PCA also indicated that the transcriptomes of trees grown under three different conditions were similar during the growth period (June to September), whereas the transcriptomes differed between sites during the dormant period (January to March). In between-site comparisons, analyses of the annual expression profiles of genes for sites 'Yamagata vs. Kumamoto', 'Yamagata vs. Ibaraki', and 'Ibaraki vs. Kumamoto' identified 1,473, 1,137, and 925 targets exhibiting significantly different expression patterns, respectively. The total of 2,505 targets that exhibited significantly different expression patterns in all three comparisons may play important roles in enabling cuttings to adapt to local environmental conditions. Partial least-squares regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed that air temperature and day length were the dominant factors controlling the expression levels of these targets. GO and Pfam enrichment analyses indicated that these targets include genes that may contribute to environmental adaptation, such as genes related to stress and abiotic stimulus responses. This study provided fundamental information regarding transcripts that may play an important role in adaptation to environmental conditions at different planting sites.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Transcriptoma , Cryptomeria/fisiologia , Clima , Estações do Ano , Temperatura , Árvores/fisiologia
17.
Allergol Int ; 72(3): 411-417, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the season of birth, allergen sensitization, and allergic rhinitis have been inconsistent, and there are no studies that simultaneously consider vitamin D and allergen exposure. This study aimed to determine the associations between the season of birth, house dust mite (HDM) and Japanese cedar pollen (JCP) sensitization, and allergic rhinitis and pollinosis, while taking vitamin D levels and allergen exposure into account. METHODS: This study included 4323 participants in the Sub-Cohort Study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study. A logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between the season of birth and sensitization to JCP or HDM (judged by specific immunoglobulin E) at age 2 and allergic rhinitis or pollinosis at age 3, adjusted for HDM or JCP exposure and vitamin D levels with potential confounders. RESULTS: Participants born in spring or summer were more likely to have pollinosis than were those born in winter (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-3.82 for spring; aOR: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.03-3.47 for summer). Participants born in summer were more likely to have HDM sensitization than were those born in winter (Der p 1, aOR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.10-2.15; Der f 1, aOR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.03-2.01). Exposure to JCP and HDM were associated with pollinosis and HDM sensitization, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Spring and summer births were associated with the development of pollinosis, and summer birth was associated with HDM sensitization, even when vitamin D and allergen exposure were considered. Further studies on mechanisms other than vitamin D and allergen exposure are required.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Rinite Alérgica , Feminino , Animais , Humanos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/epidemiologia , Pólen , Vitamina D , Estudos de Coortes , Japão/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Alérgenos , Pyroglyphidae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Vitaminas , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/etiologia
19.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 50(1): 81-86, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35768286

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Combination intranasal drugs with a corticosteroid and antihistamine are available in several countries with better effect than treatments with single agents. However, it remains unclear whether this effect is also seen in Japanese cedar pollinosis (JCP), the most prevalent seasonal allergic rhinitis in Japan. We investigated the effect of an add-on intranasal antihistamine with an intranasal corticosteroid in JCP during the pollen dispersal period. (UMIN000025508) METHODS: We performed a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial from March 1 to 14, 2017. Patients (n = 20 per group) received either a mometasone furoate nasal spray (MFNS) plus a levocabastine nasal spray (levocabastine group) or MFNS plus a placebo nasal spray (placebo group). The primary endpoint was the difference in the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) after treatment between the two groups. Differences in the total ocular symptom score, total symptom score, total medication score, total symptom-medication score, and five individual symptoms as well as safety were the secondary endpoints. RESULTS: The change in the TNSS from baseline was significantly greater in the levocabastine group than in the placebo group. A significant reduction in the TNSS was observed more than 6 days earlier in the levocabastine group than in the placebo group. Such add-on effects were also seen in the secondary endpoints. Both treatments were well-tolerated. CONCLUSION: The intranasal antihistamine provided better control of not only nasal symptoms, but also of ocular symptoms, and decreased the need for rescue medications when added to intranasal corticosteroid treatment in JCP patients.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos , Cryptomeria , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Humanos , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/complicações , Cryptomeria/efeitos adversos , Sprays Nasais , Antialérgicos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/uso terapêutico , Administração Intranasal , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Furoato de Mometasona , Combinação de Medicamentos
20.
Phytochemistry ; 206: 113520, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544302

RESUMO

Forest operations and wood industry generate large amounts of residues that are discarded in the field and cause environmental pollution. However, these biomass residues are still raw materials to obtain value-added products, such as essential oils, organic/aqueous extracts and resins that are among the great natural sources of bioactive metabolites. Thus, in recent years, the scientific community is giving special attention to their valorization. To date, different uses of biomass residues have been proposed, such as a source of renewable energy, fertilizers, animal feed and bioactive molecules. In this context, Cryptomeria japonica biomass residues (e.g., bark and its exudate, heartwood, sapwood, leaves, cones and roots) represent a source of diverse specialized metabolites (e.g., sesqui-, di-, tri- and sesquarterpenes, flavonoids, lignans and norlignans) with potential application in different fields, particularly in the agrochemical, food, cosmeceutical, pharmaceutical, phytomedicine and esthetic, due to their valuable multi-bioactivities determined over the last decades. Thus, this review provides an overview of the reported biological activities of organic extracts/fractions and their specialized metabolites obtained from different parts of C. japonica, in order to encourage the alternative uses of C. japonica wastes/byproducts, and implement a sustainable and circular bioeconomy.


Assuntos
Cryptomeria , Cupressaceae , Lignanas , Óleos Voláteis , Animais , Cupressaceae/química , Cryptomeria/química , Cryptomeria/metabolismo , Lignanas/metabolismo , Óleos Voláteis/química , Madeira/metabolismo
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