Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 515
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629951

RESUMO

Three Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile strains (DC2WT, DC25WT, and LKC2W) were isolated from streams in China. Comparisons based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these three strains share 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values over 97.0 % with the species of genus Arcicella. There was confusion due to the fact that all species of genera Flectobacillus, Aquirufa, and Sandaracinomonas show 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of over 90.0 % to the above three strains, but the genus Flectobacillus belongs to the family Spirosomataceae and the genera Aquirufa and Sandaracinomonas belong to the family Cytophagaceae. Observing the phylogenetic trees, strains DC2WT, DC25WT, and LKC2W cluster closely with the species of genus Arcicella, but some species within the families Spirosomataceae and Cytophagaceae are not monophyletic. The phylogenomic tree also showed a confused phylogenetic relationships among these non-monophyletic species. Combining the phylogenetic relationships and average nucleotide identity values, the current taxonomic status of all the genera within the families Spirosomataceae and Cytophagaceae were re-examined. The genera 'Chryseosolibacter', 'Dawidia', and Chryseotalea should belong to the new family Chryseotaleaceae fam. nov., the genera Arcicella, Flectobacillus, Pseudarcicella, Aquirufa, and Sandaracinomonas should belong to the new family Flectobacillaceae fam. nov., the genera Fluviimonas, Taeseokella, Arcticibacterium, Emticicia, Jiulongibacter, Marinilongibacter, Lacihabitans, and Leadbetterella should belong to the new family Leadbetterellaceae fam. nov., the genus Litoribacter should be reassigned to the family Cyclobacteriaceae, and the genera Arundinibacter and Tellurirhabdus should be reassigned to the family Spirosomataceae. Strains DC2WT and DC25WT are reported to represent two novel species of the genus Arcicella, for which the names Arcicella gelida sp. nov. (type strain DC2WT=GDMCC 1.3209T=KCTC 92559T) and Arcicella lustrica sp. nov. (type strain DC25WT=GDMCC 1.3210T=KCTC 92557T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Humanos , Rios , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Bacteroidetes , China
2.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(2): 79, 2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280955

RESUMO

Strains LEOWEIH-7CT and LEPPI-3A were isolated from the Leopoldskroner Weiher, a lake located in the city of Salzburg, Austria. 16S rRNA gene similarities and phylogenetic reconstructions with 16S rRNA gene sequences as well as based on genome sequences revealed that the new strains belong to the A. antheringensis branch of the genus Aquirufa. Calculated whole-genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values with the closely related type strains showed that the two strains represent a single new species. The strains grew aerobically and chemoorganotrophically, and the cells were rod shaped, on average 0.8 µm long and 0.3 µm wide, red pigmented and motile by gliding. The genome size of both strains was 2.6 Mbp and the G+C value was 41.9%. The genomes comprised genes predicted for the complete light-harvesting rhodopsin system and various carotenoids. We proposed to establish the name Aquirufa regiilacus sp. nov. for strain LEOWEIH-7CT (=DSM 116390T = JCM 36347T) as the type strain. Strain LEPPI-3A (=DSM 116391 = JCM 36348) also belongs to this new species. The calculated genome-based phylogenetic tree revealed that Aquirufa and some other genera currently allocated in the family Cytophagaceae need a reclassification. Aquirufa, Arundinibacter, Sandaracinomonas, and Tellurirhabdus should be designated to the family Spirosomataceae, the genus Chryseotalea to the family Fulvivirgaceae, and the genus Litoribacter to the family Cyclobacteriaceae. Furthermore, based on calculated gANI and dDDH values, Litoribacter alkaliphilus should be reclassified as a later heterotypic synonym of Litoribacter ruber.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes , Cytophagaceae , Fosfolipídeos , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cytophagaceae/genética , Lagos/microbiologia
3.
Bioorg Chem ; 143: 107055, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185008

RESUMO

Hydration, a secondary activity mediated by nitrilase, is a promising new pathway for amide production. However, low hydration activity of nitrilase or trade-off between hydration and catalytic activity hinders its application in the production of amides. Here, natural C-terminal-truncated wild-type nitrilase, mined from a public database, obtained a high-hydration activity nitrilase as a novel evolutionary starting point for further protein engineering. The nitrilase Nit-74 from Spirosoma linguale DSM 74 was successfully obtained and exhibited the highest hydration activity level, performing 50.7 % nicotinamide formation and 87.6 % conversion to 2 mM substrate 3-cyanopyridine. Steric hindrance of the catalytic activity center and the N-terminus of the catalytic cysteine residue helped us identify three key residues: I166, W168, and T191. Saturation mutations resulted in three single mutants that further improved the hydration activity of N-heterocyclic nitriles. Among them, the mutant T191S performed 72.7 % nicotinamide formation, which was much higher than the previously reported highest level of 18.7 %. Additionally, mutants I166N and W168Y exhibited a 97.5 % 2-picolinamide ratio and 97.7 % isonicotinamide ratio without any loss of catalytic activity, which did not indicate a trade-off effect. Our results expand the screening and evolution library of promiscuous nitrilases with high hydration activity for amide formation.


Assuntos
Aminoidrolases , Cytophagaceae , Nitrilas , Pirimidinas , Triazóis , Nitrilas/química , Aminoidrolases/genética , Aminoidrolases/química , Aminoidrolases/metabolismo , Amidas , Niacinamida , Especificidade por Substrato
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 73(12)2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38059799

RESUMO

A bacterium, designated strain ZK17L-C2T, was isolated from the leaf tissues of wheat (Triticum aestivum) collected in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, PR China. It is aerobic, non-motile, Gram-negative, rod-shaped and red-to-pink in colour. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain ZK17L-C2T belonged to the genus Hymenobacter and was most closely related to Hymenobacter rigui KCTC 12533T (98.68 %) and Hymenobacter metallilatus 9PBR-2T (98.19 %). Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain ZK17L-C2T and these two type strains were 26.6 and 26.5 %, and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values were 84.9 and 84.8 %, respectively; these values are lower than the proposed and generally accepted species boundaries for dDDH and ANI. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain ZK17L-C2T was 59.4 mol%. It can grow at pH 5.5-7.5 and 15-30 °C, which is different from the closely related type strains. The major fatty acids of strain ZK17L-C2T were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C18 : 0. Overall, the results from biochemical, chemical taxonomy and phylogenetic analyses indicate that strain ZK17L-C2T (=CGMCC 1.19373T=KCTC 92184 T) represents a new species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter endophyticus sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Ácidos Graxos , Ácidos Graxos/química , Triticum , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Folhas de Planta
5.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(10): 337, 2023 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37668731

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, and rod-shaped bacterium, designated IE-0392T, was isolated from a bumblebee. The 16S rRNA gene sequence (highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strain of Tellurirhabdus rosea (90.0%) and phylogenetic analysis suggest that strain IE-0392T was a member of the genus Tellurirhabdus. Strain IE-0392T optimally grew at 25 â„ƒ and pH 7.0. Menaquinone 7 (MK-7) was the only isoprenoid quinone present in strain IE-0392T. The major fatty acids (> 10%) of strain IE-0392T were iso-C15:0, C16:1 ω5c, and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The polar lipids of strain IE-0392T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine, unidentified aminophospholipids, unidentified aminolipid, unidentified phospholipid, and unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G + C content of strain IE-0392T was 48.8%. The amino acid identity (AAI) and the average nucleotide identity (ANI) values suggest that strain IE-0392T is a novel member of the genus Tellurirhabdus. The results suggest that strain IE-0392T represents a novel species of the genus Tellurirhabdus, for which the name Tellurirhabdus bombi sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is IE-0392T (= GDMCC 1.2794T = JCM 35040T).


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Cytophagaceae , Animais , Abelhas , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ácidos Graxos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37725077

RESUMO

Five Hymenobacter strains isolated from air samples collected from the Suwon and Jeju regions of the Republic of Korea were studied using polyphasic taxonomic methods. Using 16S rRNA gene sequences and the resulting phylogenetic tree, the strains were primarily identified as members of the genus Hymenobacter. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values and average nucleotide identities values for species delineation (70 and 95-96 %, respectively) between the five strains and their nearest type strains indicated that each strain represented a novel species. All strains were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, mesophilic, rod-shaped and catalase- and oxidase-positive, with red to pink coloured colonies. The genome sizes of the five strains varied from 4.8 to 7.1 Mb and their G+C contents were between 54.1 and 59.4 mol%. Based on their phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, we propose to classify these isolates into five novel species within the genus Hymenobacter for which we propose the names, Hymenobacter cellulosilyticus sp. nov., Hymenobacter cellulosivorans sp. nov., Hymenobacter aerilatus sp. nov., Hymenobacter sublimis sp. nov. and Hymenobacter volaticus sp. nov., with strains 5116 S-3T (=KACC 21925T=JCM 35216T), 5116 S-27T (=KACC 21926T=JCM 35217T), 5413 J-13T (=KACC 21928T=JCM 35219T), 5516 S-25T (=KACC 21931T=JCM 35222T) and 5420 S-77T (=KACC 21932T=JCM 35223T) as the type strains, respectively.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Ácidos Graxos , Composição de Bases , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/química , Cytophagaceae/genética
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 14684, 2023 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37673882

RESUMO

In the effort of isolating novel microbial species, the strain PL0132T was isolated from a fallen leaf under fresh water at a stream, which glided when grown on a tap water medium (without nutrients). The strain was determined to be Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, and rod-shaped, which grew optimally at 25 °C, pH 6-7, and the strain tolerates 1% (w/v) NaCl concentration. The complete genome of strain PL0132T comprises one contig with a sequencing depth of 76×, consisting of 8,853,064 base pairs and the genomic DNA G + C content was 46.7% (genome). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain PL0132T represents a member of the phylum Bacteroidetes and is affiliated with the genus Spirosoma. Based on genomic, phenotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, the strain PL0132T represents a novel species of the genus Spirosoma, for which the name Spirosoma foliorum sp. nov. is proposed (= KCTC 72228 T = InaCC B1447T).


Assuntos
Acer , Cytophagaceae , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Bacteroidetes , Folhas de Planta
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37462270

RESUMO

Two pink-pigmented bacterial strains, designated NBU2971T and NBU2972T, were isolated from the pit mud of a Chinese liquor. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences suggested that strains NBU2971T and NBU2972T formed a distinct lineage within the family Hymenobacteraceae and were closely related to members of the genus Pontibacter. 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain NBU2971T showed highest similarity of 97.9 % to Pontibacter arcticus 2b14T, and strain NBU2972T showed the highest similarity of 96.9 % to Pontibacter deserti JC215T. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between the two novel strains were 95.2, 73.8 and 19.6 %, respectively, suggesting that they represent different species. The ANI and dDDH values between two novel strains and related species of genus Pontibacter were well below the threshold limit for prokaryotic species delineation. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains NBU2971T and NBU2972T were 51.3 and 44.5 mol%, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids of the two novel strains were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B). The major polar lipid of both novel strains was phosphatidylethanolamine. The only respiratory quinone was MK-7. Combining results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data, strains NBU2971T and NBU2972T are considered to be two representatives in the genus Pontibacter, which the name Pontibacter liquoris sp. nov. and Pontibacter vulgaris sp. nov. are proposed. The type strains of the new species are NBU2971T (=KCTC 82916T=MCCC 1K06395T) and NBU2972T (=KCTC 82917T=MCCC 1K06396T), respectively.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas , Cytophagaceae , DNA Bacteriano , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cytophagaceae/genética , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2 , China , Bebidas Alcoólicas/microbiologia , Microbiologia da Água
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37409567

RESUMO

Gram-negative, aerobic, motile by means of two or more polar or subpolar flagella, rod-shaped strain NS12-5T and Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, yellow-coloured, rod-shaped strain RP8T were isolated from rice rhizosphere soil and fermented fruits of Liriope platyphylla in the Republic of Korea, respectively. The result of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain NS12-5T was most closely related to Ideonella aquatica 4Y11T with 99.79 % sequence similarity. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain NS12-5T and species of the genus Ideonella were 75.6-91.7 % and 20.3-43.9 %, respectively. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C and pH 5-11, and NaCl was not needed for growth. The major fatty acids of strain NS12-5T were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 0, and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain NS12-5T was 69.03 mol%. The result of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain RP8T was most closely related to Spirosoma aureum BT328T with 96.01 % sequence similarity. The ANI and dDDH values between strain RP8T and reference strains of the genus Spirosoma were 72.9-76.4 % and 18.6-20.0 %, respectively. Growth occurred at 15-37 °C and pH 5-11, and NaCl was not needed for growth. The major fatty acids of strain RP8T were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 1 ω5c and iso-C15 : 0. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C contents of strain RP8T were 54.9 mol%. Based on phenotypic, genomic and phylogenetic results, strains NS12-5T and RP8T represent novel species in the genus Ideonella and Spirosoma, respectively, and the names Ideonella oryzae sp. nov. and Spirosoma liriopis sp. nov. are proposed. The type strain of I. oryzae sp. nov. is NS12-5T (=KACC 22691T=TBRC 16346T) and the type strain of S. liriopis is RP8T (=KACC 22688T=TBRC 16345T).


Assuntos
Burkholderiales , Cytophagaceae , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Frutas , Cardiolipinas , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Solo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Burkholderiales/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37326606

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, reddish-coloured, rod-shaped and non-motile strain PAMC 29467T, was isolated from freshwater of the pond in Cambridge Bay, Canada. Strain PAMC 29467T was closely related to Hymenobacter yonginensis (98.1 % 16S rRNA gene similarity). Genomic relatedness analyses showed that strain PAMC 29467T is distinguishable from H. yonginensis based on average nucleotide identity (91.3 %) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values (39.3 %). The major fatty acids (>10 %) of strain PAMC 29467T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C15 : 0 iso, C16 : 1 ω5c and summed feature 4 (C17 : 1 iso l and/or anteiso B). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7. The genomic DNA G+C content was 61.5 mol%. Strain PAMC 29467T was separated from the type species in the genus Hymenobacter by its distinct phylogenetic position and some physiological characteristics. As a result, a novel species is proposed, with the name Hymenobacter canadensis sp. nov. (type strain, PAMC 29467T=KCTC 92787T=JCM 35843T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Ácidos Graxos , Ácidos Graxos/química , Lagoas , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Baías , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Água Doce , Vitamina K 2
11.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 116(8): 817-828, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37237242

RESUMO

A polyphasic taxonomic study was conducted on two Gram-negative, non-sporulating, non-motile bacterial strains, S2-20-2T and S2-21-1, isolated from a contaminated freshwater sediment in China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies revealed a clear affiliation of two strains with Bacteroidetes, which showed the highest pairwise sequence similarities with Hymenobacter duratus BT646T (99.3%), Hymenobacter psychrotolerans Tibet-IIU11T (99.3%), Hymenobacter kanuolensis T-3T (97.6%), Hymenobacter swuensis DY53T (96.9%), Hymenobacter tenuis POB6T (96.8%), Hymenobacter seoulensis 16F7GT (96.7%), and Hymenobacter rigui KCTC 12533T (96.5%). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that two strains formed a clear phylogenetic lineage with the genus Hymenobacter. Major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c/t) and summed feature 4 (iso-C17:1 I and/or anteiso-C17:1 B). Major cellular polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified aminolipids, an unidentified aminophosopholipid and an unidentified lipid. The respiratory quinone was detected as MK-7 and the genomic DNA G + C content was determined to be 57.9% (genome) for type strain S2-20-2T and 57.7 mol% (HPLC) for strain S2-21-1. The observed ANI and dDDH values between strain S2-20-2T and its closely related strains were 75.7-91.4% and 21.2-43.9%, respectively. Based on physiological, biochemical, genetic and genomic characteristics, we propose that strains S2-20-2T and S2-21-1 represent a novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter sediminicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S2-20-2T (= CGMCC 1.18734T = JCM 35801T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Ácidos Graxos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ácidos Graxos/análise , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/química , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37078692

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented and facultatively aerobic bacterium, designated strain U1T, was isolated from plastic dumped soil sampled in the Republic of Korea. Cell of strain U1T were non-motile rods showing catalase-negative and oxidase-positive activities. Strain U1T was shown to grow at 10-37 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0), and in the presence of 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Strain U1T contained iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, C16 : 1 ω5c and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c) as the major cellular fatty acids (>5 %) and menaquinone-7 as the sole respiratory quinone. Phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids were identified as the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain U1T calculated from the whole-genome sequence was 45.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain U1T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage within the genus Dyadobacter. Strain U1T has the highest 16S rRNA sequence similarity to Dyadobacter bucti QTA69T (97.9 %). Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain U1T and D. bucti QTA69T were 74.6 % and 18.9 %, respectively. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain U1T represents a novel species of the genus Dyadobacter, for which the name Dyadobacter pollutisoli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is U1T (= KACC 22210T=JCM 34491T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Ácidos Graxos , Ácidos Graxos/química , Solo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 4739, 2023 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36959250

RESUMO

To respond to the external environmental changes for survival, bacteria regulates expression of a number of genes including transcription factors (TFs). To characterize complex biological phenomena, a biological system-level approach is necessary. Here we utilized six computational biology methods to infer regulatory network and to characterize underlying biologically mechanisms relevant to radiation-resistance. In particular, we inferred gene regulatory network (GRN) and operons of radiation-resistance bacterium Spirosoma montaniterrae DY10[Formula: see text] and identified the major regulators for radiation-resistance. Our results showed that DNA repair and reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging mechanisms are key processes and Crp/Fnr family transcriptional regulator works as a master regulatory TF in early response to radiation.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Fatores de Transcrição , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Cytophagaceae/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36913273

RESUMO

Six novel bacterial strains, designated CY22T, CY357, LJ419T, LJ53, CY399T and CY107 were isolated from soil samples collected from the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, PR China. Cells were aerobic, rod-shaped, yellow-pigmented, catalase- and oxidase-positive, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and non-spore-forming. All strains were psychrotolerant and could grow at 0 °C. The results of phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and core genomic genes, indicated that the three strain pairs (CY22T/CY357, LJ419T/LJ53 and CY399T/CY107) were closely related to members of the genus Dyadobacter and clustered tightly with two species with validly published names, Dyadobacter alkalitolerans 12116T and Dyadobacter psychrophilus BZ26T. Values of digital DNA-DNA hybridization between genome sequences of the isolates and other strains from the GenBank database in the genus Dyadobacter were far below the 70.0 % threshold. The genomic DNA G+C content of these six strains ranged from 45.2 to 45.8 %. The major cellular fatty acids of all six strains were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). MK-7 was the only respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine was the predominant polar lipid for strains CY22T, LJ419T and CY399T. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genomic evidence presented, these six strains represent three novel members of the genus Dyadobacter, for which the names Dyadobacter chenhuakuii sp. nov., Dyadobacter chenwenxiniae sp. nov. and Dyadobacter fanqingshengii sp. nov. are proposed. The type strains are CY22T (= GDMCC 1.3045T = KCTC 92299T), LJ419T (= GDMCC 1.2872T = JCM 33794T) and CY399T (= GDMCC 1.3052T = KCTC 92306T), respectively.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Cytophagaceae/classificação , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação
15.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(12): 697, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352163

RESUMO

Two novel bacterial strains BT178T and BT635T were isolated from soil collected in Gyeonggi province, Republic of Korea. Both strains were Gram-negative, rod-shaped circular, and had convex, glistening, pink-colored colonies. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that each of the strains BT178T and BT635T formed an individual lineage within the genus Hymenobacter (family Hymenobacteraceae, order Cytophagales, class Cytophagia, phylum Bacteroidetes). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two strains BT178T and BT635T were 97.7%. Both strains had Q-7 as the major respiratory quinone and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as the major polar lipids. The main cellular fatty acids of strain BT178T were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, and those of strain BT635T were iso-C15:0 and Summed Feature 4 (iso-C17:1 I / anteiso-C17:1 B). Based on the result of polyphasic taxonomic analysis, two novel species, Hymenobacter lucidus BT178T (= KCTC 72333T = NBRC 115442T) and Hymenobacter nitidus BT635T (= KACC 21904T = NBRC 115443T) were proposed.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Solo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Bacteroidetes , Microbiologia do Solo , Ácidos Graxos/análise
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(9): 573, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36006481

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, nonmotile, rod-shaped and yellow-pigment-producing bacteria was isolated from Baima snow mountain of Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province, south-west China and characterized using a polyphasic approach. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis showed that strain YIM B04101T was closely related to the type strain of Dyadobacter koreensis DSM 19938T (97.81%) and Dyadobacter frigoris AR-3-8T (97.95%). The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c), C18:1ω9c and C16:0. The DNA G + C content was 43.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain YIM B04101T belonged to a cluster comprising species of the genus Dyadobacter. However, it differed from its closest relative, Dyadobacter koreensis KCTC 12537T and Dyadobacter frigoris AR-3-8T, in many physiological properties. Based on these phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain YIM B04101T is considered to be a novel species of the genus Dyadobacter, for which the name Dyadobacter diqingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM B04101T (= CGMCC 1.19249T = CCTCC AB 2021270).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Neve , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , Cytophagaceae , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(7): 368, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35666310

RESUMO

Two novel bacterial strains BT175T and BT728T were isolated from soil collected in the Republic of Korea. Both strains were Gram stain negative, rod shaped, and had circular, convex, and pink-colored colonies. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the strains BT175T and BT728T was 93.6%, indicating that they represent a distinct species. 16S rRNA sequence analysis indicated that strains BT175T and BT728T belong to a distinct lineage within the genus Hymenobacter (family Hymenobacteraceae, order Cytophagales, class Cytophagia, phylum Bacteroidetes). Strain BT175T was closely related to Hymenobacter persicinus 1-3-3-3T (97.2%, 16S rRNA gene similarity), Hymenobacter knuensis 16F7C-2T (96.6%), and Hymenobacter daejeonensis PB105T (96.1%). Strain BT728T was closely related to Hymenobacter rigui KCTC 12533T (98.4%), Hymenobacter metallilatus 9PBR-2T (97.6%), and Hymenobacter perfusus LMG26000T (97.4%). Strain BT175T and BT728T were found to have the MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone. The DNA G + C content of strain BT175T was 61.6 mol% and BT728T was 59.6 mol%, respectively. Characterization based on polyphasic analysis indicated that strains BT175T and BT728T represent novel species of the genus Hymenobacter and the names Hymenobacter translucens sp. nov. and Hymenobacter pini sp. nov. are proposed. The type strain of Hymenobacter translucens is BT175T (= KCTC 72330T = NBRC 115441T) and Hymenobacter pini is BT728T (= KACC 22629T = NBRC 115444T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
18.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(6): 356, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654990

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, 9H-EGSET and 15D-MOBT, were isolated from small freshwater habitats located near Salzburg, Austria. They showed the highest 16S rRNA sequence similarities of 100% and 99.9%, respectively, with type strains of species of the genus Aquirufa (Bacteroidota). Genome-based phylogenetic reconstructions with 119 amino acid sequences assigned the new taxa to the two distinct branches of the genus Aquirufa. Whole-genome average nucleotide identities were calculated with all possible pairs belonging to the genus. Values between 75.4% and 88.6% revealed that the two new strains represent each a new species. Like all, so far described members of the genus, they grew aerobically and chemoorganotrophically, were rod-shaped, red-pigmented, and motile by gliding, and showed genome sizes of about 3 Mbp and G + C values of about 40%. They could be distinguished by some phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features from their nearest related species. Until now, strain 9H-EGSET is the only one among the Aquirufa strains which contained traces of MK8 as respiratory quinone, and strain 15D-MOBT is the only one that formed tiny orange globules in liquid medium. The genome of strain 9H-EGSET comprised genes for the complete light-harvesting rhodopsin / retinal system, in the case of 15D-MOBT genes predicted for a nitrous oxide reductase were present. For the two new species of the genus Aquirufa, we propose to establish the names Aquirufa lenticrescens for strain 9H-EGSET (= JCM 34077 T = CIP 111926 T) and Aquirufa aurantiipilula for strain 15D-MOBT (= JCM 34078 T = CIP 111925 T).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Bactérias , Água Doce , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(7): 369, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35668215

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, red-colored, and rod-shaped bacterial strain, DH14T, was isolated from a eutrophic reservoir. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain DH14T was most closely related to Hymenobacter terrigena (98.3% similarity) and Hymenobacter terrae (98.1%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain DH14T and its related type strains were below 82.9% and 27.2%, respectively. Strain DH14T contained iso-C15:0 (32.6%), anteiso-C15:0 (14.0%), and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c) (25.8%) as major cellular fatty acids. The main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminophospholipids, and one unidentified lipid. The respiratory quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The genomic DNA G + C content was 62.1%. These evidences support the classification of strain DH14T as a novel species in the genus Hymenobacter, for which the name Hymenobacter cyanobacteriorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DH14T (= KCTC 92040T = LMG 32425T).


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Cytophagaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Cianobactérias/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Água Doce , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo , Vitamina K 2
20.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 115(8): 1059-1072, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732971

RESUMO

Four novel strains were isolated: PWU4T and PWU20T were both from soil in Germany, PWU5T was isolated from soil in India and PWU37T was obtained from sheep faeces collected on the Island of Crete. Cells of each were observed to be Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, rod shaped, and to grow optimally between 28 and 34 °C, between pH 7.0 and 8.0 and without the addition of NaCl. The strains were found to be catalase and oxidase-negative and able to grow on most mono- and disaccharides, a few polysaccharides and organic acids. Their predominant menaquinone was identified as MK-7. Their major fatty acids were identified as C16:1 ω7c (PWU4T and PWU20T) and C16:1 ω5c (PWU5T and PWU37T). The DNA G + C contents of strains PWU4T, PWU20T, PWU5T and PWU37T were determined to be 50.2 mol%, 51.6 mol %, 39.8 mol% and 53.8 mol%, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the close relatives Ohtaekwangia koreensis 3B-2T and Ohtaekwangia kribbensis 10AOT share less than 93.8% sequence similarity. The strains were classified in two groups, where PWU4T and PWU20T share 93.0% sequence similarity, and PWU5T and PWU37T share 97.5% sequence similarity. However, the members of each group were concluded to represent different species based on the low average nucleotide identity (ANI) of their genomes, 69.7% and 83.8%, respectively. We propose that the four strains represent four novel species of two new genera in the family Cytophagaceae. The type species of the novel genus Chryseosolibacter is Chryseosolibacter histidini gen. nov., sp. nov. with the type strain PWU4T (= DSM 111594T = NCCB 100798T), whilst strain PWU20T (= DSM 111597T = NCCB 100800T) is the type strain of a second species, Chryseosolibacter indicus sp. nov. The type species of the novel genus Dawidia is Dawidia cretensis gen. nov., sp. nov. with the type strain PWU5T (= DSM 111596T = NCCB 100799T), whilst strain PWU37T (= DSM 111595T = NCCB 100801T) is the type stain of a second species, Dawidia soli sp. nov.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ecossistema , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ovinos/genética , Solo , Vitamina K 2/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...