Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 353
Filtrar
1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 314: 124231, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574610

RESUMO

Hypochlorous acid (HClO), as an essential reactive oxygen species (ROS) in biological systems, plays a pivotal role in processes of physiology and pathology. Abnormal fluctuations in HClO concentration can lead to various diseases, such as inflammation, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegeneration. Therefore, developing an approach to rapidly and sensitively quantify ClO- content is vital to biomedicine development and bioassays. Herein, we fabricated a novel "turn-on" label-free fluorescence DNA probe to specifically detect hypochlorite ion (ClO-) based on G-quadruplex formation. To this end, we designed a G-rich signal DNA sequence (S-DNA) and a block DNA sequence (B-DNA), followed by the introduction of ClO--responsive phosphorothioate (PS) into B-DNA. In the absence of ClO-, B-DNA hybridized with S-DNA, preventing G-quadruplex formation from S-DNA; this resulted in the relatively low fluorescence intensity of ThT. Once ClO- was added, the hydrolysis between PS and ClO- split the B-DNA into two fragments, resulting in B-DNA breaking away from S-DNA, allowing G-quadruplex formation from S-DNA and increasing the fluorescence intensity of ThT. Using this method, we can detect ClO- without the interference of additional reactive oxygen species. The detection limit of ClO- was as low as 10 nM. Furthermore, this method facilitates the detection of ClO- within the tissues of rats with stress-induced hypertension.


Assuntos
Benzotiazóis , Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA de Forma B , Quadruplex G , Hipertensão , Humanos , Corantes Fluorescentes , DNA , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Ácido Hipocloroso
2.
Chemistry ; 30(16): e202303650, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193643

RESUMO

DNA mimic foldamers based on aromatic oligoamide helices bearing anionic phosphonate side chains have been shown to bind to DNA-binding proteins sometimes orders of magnitude better than DNA itself. Here, we introduce new features in the DNA mimic foldamers to facilitate structural investigations of their interactions with proteins. Thirteen new foldamer sequences have been synthesized and characterized using NMR, circular dichroism, molecular modeling, and X-ray crystallography. The results show that foldamer helix handedness can be quantitatively biased by means of a single stereogenic center, that the foldamer structure can be made C2-symmetrical as in palindromic B-DNA sequences, and that associations between foldamer helices can be promoted utilizing dedicated C-terminal residues that act as sticky ends in B-DNA structures.


Assuntos
Amidas , DNA de Forma B , Amidas/química , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas , Cristalografia por Raios X
3.
Dalton Trans ; 53(8): 3476-3483, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270175

RESUMO

The reaction of Pt-based anticancer agents with arsenic trioxide affords robust complexes known as arsenoplatins. The prototype of this family of anticancer compounds is arsenoplatin-1 (AP-1) that contains an As(OH)2 fragment linked to a Pt(II) moiety derived from cisplatin. Crystallographic and spectrometric studies of AP-1 binding to a B-DNA double helix dodecamer are presented here, in comparison with cisplatin and transplatin. Results reveal that AP-1, cisplatin and transplatin react differently with the DNA model system. Notably, in the AP-1/DNA systems, the Pt-As bond can break down with time and As-containing fragments can be released. These results have implications for the understanding of the mechanism of action of arsenoplatins.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Trióxido de Arsênio/análogos & derivados , DNA de Forma B , Cisplatino/química , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , DNA/química
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 590, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238326

RESUMO

A safe and effective vaccine with long-term protection against SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) is a global health priority. Here, we develop lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) to provide safe and effective delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA) and show protection against VOCs in female small animal models. Using a library of LNPs encapsulating unique barcoded DNA (b-DNA), we screen for b-DNA delivery after intramuscular administration. The top-performing LNPs are further tested for their capacity of pDNA uptake in antigen-presenting cells in vitro. The lead LNP is used to encapsulate pDNA encoding the HexaPro version of SARS-CoV-2 spike (LNP-HPS) and immunogenicity and protection is tested in vivo. LNP-HPS elicit a robust protective effect against SARS-CoV-2 Gamma (P.1), correlating with reduced lethality, decreased viral load in the lungs and reduced lung damage. LNP-HPS induce potent humoral and T cell responses against P.1, and generate high levels of neutralizing antibodies against P.1 and Omicron (B.1.1.529). Our findings indicate that the protective efficacy and immunogenicity elicited by LNP-HPS are comparable to those achieved by the approved COVID-19 vaccine from Biontech/Pfizer in animal models. Together, these findings suggest that LNP-HPS hold great promise as a vaccine candidate against VOCs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , DNA de Forma B , Vacinas de DNA , Feminino , Animais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Vacinas de DNA/genética , 60547 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , DNA , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
5.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 20(2): 625-643, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38157247

RESUMO

Molecular dynamics simulations can be used in combination with experimental techniques to uncover the intricacies of biomolecular structure, dynamics, and the resulting interactions. However, many noncanonical nucleic acid structures have proven to be challenging to replicate in accurate agreement with experimental data, often attributed to known force field deficiencies. A common force field criticism is the handling of van der Waals (vdW) parameters, which have not been updated since the regular use of Ewald's methods became routine. This work dives into the effects of minute vdW radii shifts on RNA tetranucleotide, B-DNA, and Z-DNA model systems described by commonly used Amber force fields. Using multidimensional replica exchange molecular dynamics (M-REMD), the GACC RNA tetranucleotide demonstrated changes in the structural distribution between the NMR minor and anomalous structure populations based on the O2' vdW radii scanning. However, no significant change in the NMR Major conformation population was observed. There were minimal changes in the B-DNA structure but there were more substantial improvements in Z-DNA structural descriptions, specifically with the Tumuc1 force field. This occurred with both LJbb vdW radii adjustments and incorporation of the CUFIX nonbonded parameter modifications. Though the limited vdW modifications tested did not provide a universal fix to the challenge of simulating the various known nucleic acid structures, they do provide direction and a greater understanding for future force field development efforts.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA Forma Z , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , RNA/química , DNA , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
6.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 19(23): 8955-8966, 2023 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38014857

RESUMO

In addition to the well-characterized B-form of DNA, duplex DNA can adopt various conformations, such as A or Z-DNA. Though less common, these structures can be induced biologically through protein or ligand interactions or experimentally with niche environmental conditions, such as high salt concentrations or in mixed water-ethanol. Reproducing these alternate structures through molecular dynamics simulations in recent years has been quite challenging with the currently available force fields, simulation techniques, and time scales. In this study, the Drude polarizable force field is tested for its ability to facilitate transitions between A-DNA and B-DNA or maintain A-DNA. Though transitions away from B-DNA were observed in high concentrations of ethanol, the resulting structures had hybrid properties taken from both B-DNA and A-DNA structures. This was also true for A-DNA in ethanol, which lost some of the A-DNA properties that it was expected to maintain. When B-DNA was tested in high salt environments, the resulting B-DNA structures showed no distinguishable differences with the increasing salt concentrations tested. These results with the Drude FF and recent results with additive force fields suggest that at present the current additive and polarizable force fields do not facilitate a complete transition between B- to A-DNA conformations under the conditions simulated. At present, the Drude FF favors A-B DNA hybrid structures when simulated in nonphysiological conditions.


Assuntos
DNA Forma A , DNA de Forma B , DNA/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Etanol
7.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 678, 2023 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37950200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High oncogene expression in cancer cells is a major cause of rapid tumor progression and drug resistance. Recent cancer genome research has shown that oncogenes as well as regulatory elements can be amplified in the form of extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) or subsequently integrated into chromosomes as homogeneously staining regions (HSRs). These genome-level variants lead to the overexpression of the corresponding oncogenes, resulting in poor prognosis. Most existing detection methods identify ecDNA using whole genome sequencing (WGS) data. However, these techniques usually detect many false positive regions owing to chromosomal DNA interference. RESULTS: In the present study, an algorithm called "ATACAmp" that can identify ecDNA/HSRs in tumor genomes using ATAC-seq data has been described. High chromatin accessibility, one of the characteristics of ecDNA, makes ATAC-seq naturally enriched in ecDNA and reduces chromosomal DNA interference. The algorithm was validated using ATAC-seq data from cell lines that have been experimentally determined to contain ecDNA regions. ATACAmp accurately identified the majority of validated ecDNA regions. AmpliconArchitect, the widely used ecDNA detecting tool, was used to detect ecDNA regions based on the WGS data of the same cell lines. Additionally, the Circle-finder software, another tool that utilizes ATAC-seq data, was assessed. The results showed that ATACAmp exhibited higher accuracy than AmpliconArchitect and Circle-finder. Moreover, ATACAmp supported the analysis of single-cell ATAC-seq data, which linked ecDNA to specific cells. CONCLUSIONS: ATACAmp, written in Python, is freely available on GitHub under the MIT license: https://github.com/chsmiss/ATAC-amp . Using ATAC-seq data, ATACAmp offers a novel analytical approach that is distinct from the conventional use of WGS data. Thus, this method has the potential to reduce the cost and technical complexity associated ecDNA analysis.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Neoplasias , Humanos , Sequenciamento de Cromatina por Imunoprecipitação , Cromatina , DNA/genética , Oncogenes , Neoplasias/genética
8.
Immunity ; 56(11): 2508-2522.e6, 2023 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37848037

RESUMO

Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP)-AMP (cGAMP) synthase (cGAS) is a universal double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) sensor that recognizes foreign and self-DNA in the cytoplasm and initiates innate immune responses and has been implicated in various infectious and non-infectious contexts. cGAS binds to the backbone of dsDNA and generates the second messenger, cGAMP, which activates the stimulator of interferon genes (STING). Here, we show that the endogenous polyamines spermine and spermidine attenuated cGAS activity and innate immune responses. Mechanistically, spermine and spermidine induced the transition of B-form DNA to Z-form DNA (Z-DNA), thereby decreasing its binding affinity with cGAS. Spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase 1 (SAT1), the rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine catabolism that decreases the cellular concentrations of spermine and spermidine, enhanced cGAS activation by inhibiting cellular Z-DNA accumulation; SAT1 deficiency promoted herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) replication in vivo. The results indicate that spermine and spermidine induce dsDNA to adopt the Z-form conformation and that SAT1-mediated polyamine metabolism orchestrates cGAS activity.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA Forma Z , Espermina/metabolismo , Espermidina/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Poliaminas/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata/genética
9.
Nano Lett ; 23(20): 9310-9318, 2023 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37843021

RESUMO

Nonviral gene delivery has emerged as a promising technology for gene therapy. Nonetheless, these approaches often face challenges, primarily associated with lower efficiency, which can be attributed to the inefficient transportation of DNA into the nucleus. Here, we report a two-stage condensation approach to achieve efficient nuclear transport of DNA. First, we utilize chemical linkers to cross-link DNA plasmids via a reversible covalent bond to form smaller-sized bundled DNA (b-DNA). Then, we package the b-DNA into cationic vectors to further condense b-DNA and enable efficient gene delivery to the nucleus. We demonstrate clear improvements in the gene transfection efficiency in vitro, including with 11.6 kbp plasmids and in primary cultured neurons. Moreover, we also observed a remarkable improvement in lung-selective gene transfection efficiency in vivo by this two-stage condensation approach following intravenous administration. This reversible covalent assembly strategy demonstrates substantial value of nonviral gene delivery for clinical therapeutic applications.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Transfecção , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Plasmídeos/genética , DNA/genética , Terapia Genética
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(13)2023 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37445918

RESUMO

The dynamic processes operating on genomic DNA, such as gene expression and cellular division, lead inexorably to topological challenges in the form of entanglements, catenanes, knots, "bubbles", R-loops, and other outcomes of supercoiling and helical disruption. The resolution of toxic topological stress is the function attributed to DNA topoisomerases. A prominent example is the negative supercoiling (nsc) trailing processive enzymes such as DNA and RNA polymerases. The multiple equilibrium states that nscDNA can adopt by redistribution of helical twist and writhe include the left-handed double-helical conformation known as Z-DNA. Thirty years ago, one of our labs isolated a protein from Drosophila cells and embryos with a 100-fold greater affinity for Z-DNA than for B-DNA, and identified it as topoisomerase II (gene Top2, orthologous to the human UniProt proteins TOP2A and TOP2B). GTP increased the affinity and selectivity for Z-DNA even further and also led to inhibition of the isomerase enzymatic activity. An allosteric mechanism was proposed, in which topoII acts as a Z-DNA-binding protein (ZBP) to stabilize given states of topological (sub)domains and associated multiprotein complexes. We have now explored this possibility by comprehensive bioinformatic analyses of the available protein sequences of topoII representing organisms covering the whole tree of life. Multiple alignment of these sequences revealed an extremely high level of evolutionary conservation, including a winged-helix protein segment, here denoted as Zτ, constituting the putative structural homolog of Zα, the canonical Z-DNA/Z-RNA binding domain previously identified in the interferon-inducible RNA Adenosine-to-Inosine-editing deaminase, ADAR1p150. In contrast to Zα, which is separate from the protein segment responsible for catalysis, Zτ encompasses the active site tyrosine of topoII; a GTP-binding site and a GxxG sequence motif are in close proximity. Quantitative Zτ-Zα similarity comparisons and molecular docking with interaction scoring further supported the "B-Z-topoII hypothesis" and has led to an expanded mechanism for topoII function incorporating the recognition of Z-DNA segments ("Z-flipons") as an inherent and essential element. We further propose that the two Zτ domains of the topoII homodimer exhibit a single-turnover "conformase" activity on given G(ate) B-DNA segments ("Z-flipins"), inducing their transition to the left-handed Z-conformation. Inasmuch as the topoII-Z-DNA complexes are isomerase inactive, we infer that they fulfill important structural roles in key processes such as mitosis. Topoisomerases are preeminent targets of anti-cancer drug discovery, and we anticipate that detailed elucidation of their structural-functional interactions with Z-DNA and GTP will facilitate the design of novel, more potent and selective anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA Forma Z , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , DNA/química , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/genética , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/metabolismo , Guanosina Trifosfato , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo
11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 675: 130-138, 2023 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37473527

RESUMO

The mechanism of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) inhibiting the migration and invasion of glioma in an ROS-DSB-dependent manner has been revealed. Extrachromosomal DNAs (ecDNAs) which are generated by DNA damage have great potential in glioma treatment. However, the role of ecDNAs in DHA's pharmacological mechanisms in glioma is still unknown. In this study, DHA was found to inhibit proliferative activity, increase ROS levels and promote apoptosis in U87 and U251 cells. Migration and invasion have also been suppressed. ecDNA expression profiles were found in gliomas. EcDNA-BASP1 was found, by means of bioinformatics analysis, to be present in GBM tissues and positively correlated with patient prognosis. Proliferation, migration and invasion were upregulated after knockdown of ecDNA-BASP1. The expression of vimentin and N-cadherin also had the same tendency. Finally, we found that the ecDNA-BASP1 content in nude mouse transplant tumors was significantly increased after DHA treatment, which might exert a better suppressive effect on glioma. The upregulation of tumor suppressor ecDNA-BASP1 played an important role in the suppression of glioma progression induced by DHA. EcDNA-BASP1 may inhibit glioma migration and invasion through repressing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , DNA de Forma B , Glioma , Animais , Camundongos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Humanos
12.
Phys Rev E ; 107(4-1): 044404, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37198817

RESUMO

DNA naturally exists in a solvent environment, comprising water and salt molecules such as sodium, potassium, magnesium, etc. Along with the sequence, the solvent conditions become a vital factor determining DNA structure and thus its conductance. Over the last two decades, researchers have measured DNA conductivity both in hydrated and almost dry (dehydrated) conditions. However, due to experimental limitations (the precise control of the environment), it is very difficult to analyze the conductance results in terms of individual contributions of the environment. Therefore, modeling studies can help us to gain a valuable understanding of various factors playing a role in charge transport phenomena. DNA naturally has negative charges located at the phosphate groups in the backbone, which provides both the connections between the base pairs and the structural support for the double helix. Positively charged ions such as the sodium ion (Na^{+}), one of the most commonly used counterions, balance the negative charges at the backbone. This modeling study investigates the role of counterions both with and without the solvent (water) environment in charge transport through double-stranded DNA. Our computational experiments show that in dry DNA, the presence of counterions affects electron transmission at the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies. However, in solution, the counterions have a negligible role in transmission. Using the polarizable continuum model calculations, we demonstrate that the transmission is significantly higher at both the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies in a water environment as opposed to in a dry one. Moreover, calculations also show that the energy levels of neighboring bases are more closely aligned to ease electron flow in the solution.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Solventes/química , DNA/química , Íons/química , Sódio/química , Água/química
13.
Dalton Trans ; 52(21): 6992-6996, 2023 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37199244

RESUMO

The reaction of the cytotoxic compound dirhodium tetraacetate with a B-DNA double helical dodecamer was studied by X-ray crystallography and mass spectrometry. The structure of the dirhodium/DNA adduct reveals a dimetallic center binding to an adenine via axial coordination. Complementary information has been gained through ESI MS measurements. Comparison between the present data and those previously obtained for cisplatin indicates that the two metallodrugs react with this DNA dodecamer in a significantly different fashion.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Cristalografia por Raios X , DNA/química , Espectrometria de Massas
14.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2651: 1-32, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36892756

RESUMO

The discovery of a reversible transition in the helical sense of a double-helical DNA was initiated by the first synthesis in 1967 of the alternating sequence poly[d(G-C)]. In 1968, exposure to high salt concentration led to a cooperative isomerization of the double helix manifested by an inversion in the CD spectrum in the 240-310 nm range and in an altered absorption spectrum. The tentative interpretation, reported in 1970 and then in detailed form in a 1972 publication by Pohl and Jovin, was that the conventional right-handed B-DNA structure (R) of poly[d(G-C)] transforms at high salt concentration into a novel, alternative left-handed (L) conformation. The historical course of this development and its aftermath, culminating in the first crystal structure of left-handed Z-DNA in 1979, is described in detail. The research conducted by Pohl and Jovin after 1979 is summarized, ending with an assessment of "unfinished business": condensed Z*-DNA; topoisomerase IIα (TOP2A) as an allosteric ZBP (Z-DNA-binding protein); B-Z transitions of phosphorothioate-modified DNAs; and parallel-stranded poly[d(G-A)], a double helix with high stability under physiological conditions and potentially also left-handed.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA , DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Polirribonucleotídeos
15.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2651: 33-51, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36892757

RESUMO

The B-DNA to Z-DNA transition is a remarkable conformational change in DNA, which was originally observed in poly-GC DNA in the presence of high salt concentration. This eventually prompted the observation of the crystal structure of Z-DNA, a left-handed double-helical DNA, at atomic resolution. Despite advances in Z-DNA research, the application of circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy as the fundamental technique to characterize this unique DNA conformation has remained constant. In this chapter, we describe a CD spectroscopic method for characterizing the B-DNA to Z-DNA transition of a CG-repeat double-stranded DNA fragment formed from a protein or chemical inducer.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA Forma Z , Dicroísmo Circular , DNA/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
16.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2651: 105-113, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36892762

RESUMO

The left-handed Z-DNA is surrounded by right-handed canonical B-DNA, and thus the junction between B- and Z-DNA has been occurred during temporal Z-DNA formation in the genome. The base extrusion structure of the BZ junction may help detect Z-DNA formation in DNAs. Here we describe the BZ junction structural detection by using 2-aminopurine (2AP) fluorescent probe. BZ junction formation can be measured in solution by this method.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA Forma Z , DNA/genética , 2-Aminopurina/química , Replicação do DNA , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
17.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2651: 195-215, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36892769

RESUMO

The initial discovery of left-handed Z-DNA was met with great excitement as a dramatic alternative to the right-handed double-helical conformation of canonical B-DNA. In this chapter, we describe the workings of the program ZHUNT as a computational approach to mapping Z-DNA in genomic sequences using a rigorous thermodynamic model for the transition between the two conformations (the B-Z transition). The discussion starts with a brief summary of the structural properties that differentiate Z- from B-DNA, focusing on those properties that are particularly relevant to the B-Z transition and the junction that splices a left- to right-handed DNA duplex. We then derive the statistical mechanics (SM) analysis of the zipper model that describes the cooperative B-Z transition and show that this analysis very accurately simulates this behavior of naturally occurring sequences that are induced to undergo the B-Z transition through negative supercoiling. A description of the ZHUNT algorithm and its validation are presented, followed by how the program had been applied for genomic and phylogenomic analyses in the past and how a user can access the online version of the program. Finally, we present a new version of ZHUNT (called mZHUNT) that has been parameterized to analyze sequences that contain 5-methylcytosine bases and compare the results of the ZHUNT and mZHUNT analyses on native and methylated yeast chromosome 1.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , DNA Forma Z , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , DNA/genética , Termodinâmica
18.
Chem Biodivers ; 20(4): e202201137, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36891674

RESUMO

The rapidly growing human population has led to duplicate food production and also reduced product loss. Although the negative effects of synthetic chemicals were recorded, they are still used as agrochemical. The production of non-toxic synthetics makes their use particularly safe. The goal of our research is to evaluate antimicrobial activity of previously synthesized Poly(p-phenylene-1-(2,5-dimethylphenyl)-5-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-3,4-dicarboxy amide) (poly(PDPPD)) against selected Gram-negative, Gram-positive bacteria, and fungus. In addition, the possible genotoxic effects of the poly(PDPPD) were searched on Triticum vulgare and Amaranthus retroflexus seedlings using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker. The binding affinity and binding energies of the synthesized chemical to B-DNA were simulated with AutoDock Vina. It was observed that the poly(PDPPD) affected most of the organisms in a dose-dependent manner. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most affected species in tested bacteria at 500 ppm with 21.5 mm diameters. Similarly, a prominent activity was observed for tested fungi. The poly(PDPPD) decreased root and stem length of the Triticum vulgare and Amaranthus retroflexus seedlings and also reduced the genomic template stability (GTS) value of Triticum vulgare more than Amaranthus retroflexus. The binding energy of poly(PDPPD) was found in range of -9.1 and -8.3 kcal/mol for nine residues of B-DNA.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Pirazóis , Triticum , Humanos , Genômica , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirazóis/toxicidade , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Triticum/metabolismo , Mutagênicos/análise , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo
19.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; 46(6): 1147-1153, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36278274

RESUMO

Two different drug groups, typical (classic) and atypical (new), are used in the treatment of schizophrenia. Aripiprazole, an atypical antipsychotic chemical, is the active ingredient of the drug Abilify. This study was conducted to determine the possible genotoxic effect of aripiprazole. For this purpose, four different doses of aripiprazole (5; 10; 20, and 40 µg/mL) were examined with Chromosome Abnormality (CA), Sister Chromatid Exchange (SCE), Micronucleus (MN) tests. Based on these tests, Proliferation Index (PI), Percent Abnormal Cells (AC), Mitotic Index (MI), Micronuclear Binuclear Cell (MNBN), and Nuclear Division Index (NDI) levels were determined in human peripheral lymphocytes treated for 24 and 48 hours. Also, to determine possible binding sites of Aripiprazole on B-DNA molecular docking analysis was performed using AutoDock 4.0 (B-DNA dodecamer, PDB code: 1BNA). Aripiprazole binds to B-DNA with a very significant free binding energy (-11.88 Kcal/mol). According to our study, aripiprazole did not significantly change SCE, CA, AC percentage, MN frequencies when compared with control. According to these results, aripiprazole does not have a genotoxic effect. At the same time, no significant change was observed in the PI, MI, and NDI frequencies when compared with the control. In line with these results, it was observed that the use of aripiprazole in the treatment of schizophrenia did not pose any acute genotoxic and cytotoxic risk.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Humanos , Aripiprazol/toxicidade , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Células Cultivadas , Testes para Micronúcleos , Troca de Cromátide Irmã , Aberrações Cromossômicas/induzido quimicamente , Linfócitos , Índice Mitótico , Mutagênicos/farmacologia
20.
Chem Biol Interact ; 369: 110281, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436547

RESUMO

Biological macromolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids, play a crucial role in biochemical and molecular processes. Thus, the study of the structure-function relationship of biomolecules in presence of ligands is an important aspect of structural biology. The current communication describes the chemico-biological interaction between benzene metabolite para-benzoquinone (BQ) with B-form of nucleic acids (B-DNA) and human serum albumin (HSA). The binding ability of HSA towards bromocresol green (BCG) was significantly suppressed when exposed to increasing concentrations of BQ in the presence of various physiological buffers. Further, the native fluorescence of HSA was drastically reduced and the secondary structures of HSA were significantly compromised with increasing concentrations of BQ. In vitro and in silico studies also revealed that BQ binds to domains I and II of HSA and thus altering the conformation of HSA which may potentially affect plasma osmotic pressure, as well as the binding and transport of numerous endogenous and exogenous molecules. Similarly, BQ interacts directly to the GC region of B-DNA particularly in the minor groove which was also assessed by computational docking studies. Isothermal titration calorimetry data suggest higher binding affinity of BQ towards DNA than HSA. Various spectroscopic observations also suggest that BQ binds to DNA preferably in the minor grooves. Thus, the results revealed that BQ may play a key role in inducing mutagenicity, either by formation of adducts on GC regions or by accelerating oxidative damage to biomacromolecules through chemico-biological interactions.


Assuntos
DNA de Forma B , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Benzoquinonas , Termodinâmica , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Sítios de Ligação , Dicroísmo Circular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...