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1.
Anal Chem ; 96(15): 5852-5859, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556977

RESUMO

A multicolor electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor based on a closed bipolar electrode (BPE) array was proposed for the rapid and intuitive analysis of three prostate cancer staging indicators. First, [Irpic-OMe], [Ir(ppy)2(acac)], and [Ru(bpy)3]2+ were applied as blue, green, and red ECL emitters, respectively, whose mixed ECL emission colors covered the whole visible region by varying the applied voltages. Afterward, we designed a simple Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme (MNAzyme)-driven tripedal DNA walker (TD walker) to release three output DNAs. Immediately after, three output DNAs were added to the cathodic reservoirs of the BPE for incubation. After that, we found that the emission colors from the anode of the BPE changed as a driving voltage of 8.0 V was applied, mainly due to changes in the interfacial potential and faradaic currents at the two poles of the BPE. Via optimization of the experimental parameters, cutoff values of such three indicators at different clinical stages could be identified instantly with the naked eye, and standard precision swatches with multiple indicators could be prepared. Finally, in order to precisely determine the prostate cancer stage, the multicolor ECL device was used for clinical analysis, and the resulting images were then compared with standard swatches, laying the way for accurate prostate cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Fotometria , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Antígeno Prostático Específico , DNA , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Eletrodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172087, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561129

RESUMO

The main components of particulate matter (PM) had been reported to change DNA methylation levels. However, the mixed effect of PM and its constituents on DNA methylation and the underlying mechanism in children has not been well characterized. To investigate the association between single or mixture exposures and global DNA methylation or DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), 273 children were recruited (110 in low-exposed area and 163 in high-exposed area) in China. Serum benzo[a]pyridin-7,8-dihydroglycol-9, 10-epoxide (BPDE)-albumin adduct and urinary metals were determined as exposure markers. The global DNA methylation (% 5mC) and the mRNA expression of DNMT1, and DNMT3A were measured. The linear regression, quantile-based g-computation (QGC), and mediation analyses were performed to investigate the effects of individual and mixture exposure. We found that significantly lower levels of % 5mC (P < 0.001) and the mRNA expression of DNMT3A in high-PM exposed group (P = 0.031). After adjustment for age, gender, BMI z-score, detecting status of urinary cotinine, serum folate, and white blood cells, urinary arsenic (As) was negatively correlated with the % 5mC. One IQR increase in urinary As (19.97 µmol/mol creatinine) was associated with a 11.06 % decrease in % 5mC (P = 0.026). Serum BPDE-albumin adduct and urinary cadmium (Cd) were negatively correlated with the levels of DNMT1 and DNMT3A (P < 0.05). Mixture exposure was negatively associated with expression of DNMT3A in QGC analysis (ß: -0.19, P < 0.001). Mixture exposure was significantly associated with decreased % 5mC in the children with non-detected cotinine or normal serum folate (P < 0.05), which the most contributors were PAHs and As. The mediated effect of hypomethylation through DNMT1 or DNMT3A pathway was not observed. Our findings indicated that individual and mixture exposure PAHs and metal components had negative associations with global DNA methylation and decreased DNMT3A expression significantly in school-age individuals.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Criança , Humanos , 7,8-Di-Hidro-7,8-Di-Hidroxibenzo(a)pireno 9,10-óxido , Cotinina , Material Particulado , Poeira , DNA , Albuminas/metabolismo , Estudantes , Ácido Fólico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
3.
ACS Nano ; 18(15): 10454-10463, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572806

RESUMO

DNA isothermal amplification techniques have been applied extensively for evaluating nucleic acid inputs but cannot be implemented directly on other types of biomolecules. In this work, we designed a proximity activation mechanism that converts protein input into DNA barcodes for the DNA exponential amplification reaction, which we termed PEAR. Several design parameters were identified and experimentally verified, which included the choice of enzymes, sequences of proximity probes and template strand via the NUPACK design tool, and the implementation of a hairpin lock on the proximity probe structure. Our PEAR system was surprisingly more robust against nonspecific DNA amplification, which is a major challenge faced in existing formats of the DNA-based exponential amplification reaction. The as-designed PEAR exhibited good target responsiveness for three protein models with a dynamic range of 4-5 orders of magnitude down to femtomolar input concentration. Overall, our proposed protein-to-DNA converter module led to the development of a stable and robust configuration of the DNA exponential amplification reaction to achieve high signal gain. We foresee this enabling the use of protein inputs for more complex molecular evaluation as well as ultrasensitive protein detection.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA , DNA/genética , DNA/química , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612387

RESUMO

Apobec-1 complementation factor (A1CF) functions as an RNA-binding cofactor for APO-BEC1-mediated C-to-U conversion during RNA editing and as a hepatocyte-specific regulator in the alternative pre-mRNA splicing of metabolic enzymes. Its role in RNA editing has not been clearly established. Western blot, co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), immunofluorescence (IF), methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT), and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assays were used to examine the role of A1CF beyond RNA editing in renal carcinoma cells. We demonstrated that A1CF interacts with NKRF, independent of RNA and DNA, without affecting its expression or nuclear translocation; however, it modulates p65(Ser536) phosphorylation and IFN-ß levels. Truncation of A1CF or deletion on NKRF revealed that the RRM1 domain of A1CF and the p65 binding motif of NKRF are required for their interaction. Deletion of RRM1 on A1CF abrogates NKRF binding, and the decrease in IFN-ß expression and p65(Ser536) phosphorylation was induced by A1CF. Moreover, full-length A1CF, but not an RRM1 deletion mutant, promoted cell proliferation in renal carcinoma cells. Perturbation of A1CF levels in renal carcinoma cells altered anchorage-independent growth and tumor progression in nude mice. Moreover, p65(Ser536) phosphorylation and IFN-ß expression were lower, but ki67 was higher in A1CF-overexpressing tumor tissues of a xenograft mouse model. Notably, primary and metastatic samples from renal cancer patients exhibited high A1CF expression, low p65(Ser536) phosphorylation, and decreased IFN-ß levels in renal carcinoma tissues compared with the corresponding paracancerous tissues. Our results indicate that A1CF-decreased p65(Ser536) phosphorylation and IFN-ß levels may be caused by A1CF competitive binding to the p65-combined site on NKRF and demonstrate the direct binding of A1CF independent of RNA or DNA in signal pathway regulation and tumor promotion in renal carcinoma cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Desaminase APOBEC-1 , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , DNA , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Camundongos Nus , Fosforilação , RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Interferon beta
5.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 89(Suppl 1): S224-S233, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621752

RESUMO

The review discusses electrochemical methods for analysis of drug interactions with DNA. The electroanalysis method is based on the registration of interaction-induced changes in the electrochemical oxidation potential of heterocyclic nitrogenous bases in the DNA molecule and in the maximum oxidation current amplitude. The mechanisms of DNA-drug interactions can be identified based on the shift in the electrooxidation potential of heterocyclic nitrogenous bases toward more negative (cathodic) or positive (anodic) values. Drug intercalation into DNA shifts the electrochemical oxidation potential to positive values, indicating thermodynamically unfavorable process that hinders oxidation of nitrogenous bases in DNA. The potential shift toward the negative values indicates electrostatic interactions, e.g., drug binding in the DNA minor groove, since this process does not interfere with the electrochemical oxidation of bases. The concentration-dependent decrease in the intensity of electrochemical oxidation of DNA bases allows to quantify the type of interaction and calculate the binding constants.


Assuntos
DNA , Testes Farmacogenômicos , DNA/metabolismo , Interações Medicamentosas
6.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 89(Suppl 1): S262-S277, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621755

RESUMO

Data on the structure of G-quadruplexes, noncanonical nucleic acid forms, supporting an idea of their potential participation in regulation of gene expression in response to the change in intracellular Na+i/K+i ratio are considered in the review. Structural variety of G-quadruplexes, role of monovalent cations in formation of this structure, and thermodynamic stability of G-quadruplexes are described. Data on the methods of their identification in the cells and biological functions of these structures are presented. Analysis of information about specific interactions of G-quadruplexes with some proteins was conducted, and their potential participation in the development of some pathological conditions, in particular, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, is considered. Special attention is given to the plausible role of G-quadruplexes as sensors of intracellular Na+i/K+i ratio, because alteration of this parameter affects folding of G-quadruplexes changing their stability and, thereby, organization of the regulatory elements of nucleic acids. The data presented in the conclusion section demonstrate significant change in the expression of some early response genes under certain physiological conditions of cells and tissues depending on the intracellular Na+i/K+i ratio.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , DNA/metabolismo , Sódio/química , Cátions Monovalentes/química , Termodinâmica
7.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 89(Suppl 1): S249-S261, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621754

RESUMO

Nucleic acids (NAs) are important components of living organisms responsible for the storage and transmission of hereditary information. They form complex structures that can self-assemble and bind to various biological molecules. DNAzymes are NAs capable of performing simple chemical reactions, which makes them potentially useful elements for creating DNA nanomachines with required functions. This review focuses on multicomponent DNA-based nanomachines, in particular on DNAzymes as their main functional elements, as well as on the structure of DNAzyme nanomachines and their application in the diagnostics and treatment of diseases. The article also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of DNAzyme-based nanomachines and prospects for their future applications. The review provides information about new technologies and the possibilities of using NAs in medicine.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , DNA Catalítico/química , DNA Catalítico/genética , DNA Catalítico/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo
8.
Virol J ; 21(1): 86, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viruses have notable effects on agroecosystems, wherein they can adversely affect plant health and cause problems (e.g., increased biosecurity risks and economic losses). However, our knowledge of their diversity and interactions with specific host plants in ecosystems remains limited. To enhance our understanding of the roles that viruses play in agroecosystems, comprehensive analyses of the viromes of a wide range of plants are essential. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) techniques are useful for conducting impartial and unbiased investigations of plant viromes, ultimately forming a basis for generating further biological and ecological insights. This study was conducted to thoroughly characterize the viral community dynamics in individual plants. RESULTS: An HTS-based virome analysis in conjunction with proximity sampling and a tripartite network analysis were performed to investigate the viral diversity in chunkung (Cnidium officinale) plants. We identified 61 distinct chunkung plant-associated viruses (27 DNA and 34 RNA viruses) from 21 known genera and 6 unclassified genera in 14 known viral families. Notably, 12 persistent viruses (7 DNA and 5 RNA viruses) were exclusive to dwarfed chunkung plants. The detection of viruses from the families Partitiviridae, Picobirnaviridae, and Spinareoviridae only in the dwarfed plants suggested that they may contribute to the observed dwarfism. The co-infection of chunkung by multiple viruses is indicative of a dynamic and interactive viral ecosystem with significant sequence variability and evidence of recombination. CONCLUSIONS: We revealed the viral community involved in chunkung. Our findings suggest that chunkung serves as a significant reservoir for a variety of plant viruses. Moreover, the co-infection rate of individual plants was unexpectedly high. Future research will need to elucidate the mechanisms enabling several dozen viruses to co-exist in chunkung. Nevertheless, the important insights into the chunkung virome generated in this study may be relevant to developing effective plant viral disease management and control strategies.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Nanismo , Vírus de Plantas , Vírus de RNA , Humanos , Viroma , Ecossistema , Cnidium/genética , RNA Viral/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Vírus de Plantas/genética , DNA , Filogenia
9.
Biotechnol J ; 19(4): e2400114, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622790

RESUMO

Molecular cloning facilitates the assembly of heterologous DNA fragments with vectors, resulting in the generation of plasmids that can steadily replicate in host cells. To efficiently and accurately screen out the expected plasmid candidates, various methods, such as blue-white screening, have been developed for visualization. However, these methods typically require additional genetic manipulations and costs. To simplify the process of visualized molecular cloning, here we report Rainbow Screening, a method that combines Gibson Assembly with chromoproteins to distinguish Escherichia coli (E. coli) colonies by naked eyes, eliminating the need for additional genetic manipulations or costs. To illustrate the design, we select both E. coli 16s rRNA and sfGFP expression module as two inserted fragments. Using Rainbow Screening, false positive colonies can be easily distinguished on LB-agar plates. Moreover, both the assembly efficiency and the construct accuracy can exceed 80%. We anticipate that Rainbow Screening will enrich the molecular cloning methodology and expand the application of chromoproteins in biotechnology and synthetic biology.


Assuntos
DNA , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Clonagem Molecular , Plasmídeos , DNA/genética , Vetores Genéticos
10.
Biotechnol J ; 19(4): e2400026, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622795

RESUMO

Single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) is the foundation of modern biology, with wide applications in gene editing, sequencing, DNA information storage, and materials science. However, synthesizing ssDNA with high efficiency, high throughput, and low error rate in vitro remains a major challenge. Various methods have been developed for ssDNA synthesis, and some significant results have been achieved. In this review, six main methods were introduced, including solid-phase oligonucleotide synthesis, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-based ssDNA synthesis, reverse transcription, primer exchange reaction, asymmetric polymerase chain reaction, and rolling circle amplification. The advantages and limitations of each method were compared, as well as illustrate their representative achievements and applications. Especially, rolling circle amplification has received significant attention, including ssDNA synthesis, assembly, and application based on recent work. Finally, the future challenges and opportunities of ssDNA synthesis were summarized and discussed. Envisioning the development of new methods and significant progress will be made in the near future with the efforts of scientists around the world.


Assuntos
DNA de Cadeia Simples , DNA , DNA de Cadeia Simples/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA , Oligonucleotídeos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
11.
J Chem Phys ; 160(15)2024 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624117

RESUMO

Bio-templated luminescent noble metal nanoclusters (NCs) have attracted great attention for their intriguing physicochemical properties. Continuous efforts are being made to prepare NCs with high fluorescence quantum yield (QY), good biocompatibility, and tunable emission properties for their widespread practical applications as new-generation environment-friendly photoluminescent materials in materials chemistry and biological systems. Herein, we explored the unique photophysical properties of silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) templated by cytosine-rich customized hairpin DNA. Our results indicate that a 36-nucleotide containing hairpin DNA with 20 cytosine (C20) in the loop can encapsulate photostable red-emitting AgNCs with an absolute QY of ∼24%. The luminescent properties in these DNA-templated AgNCs were found to be linked to the coupling between the surface plasmon and the emitter. These AgNCs exhibited excellent thermal sensitivity and were employed to produce high-quality white light emission with an impressive color rendering index of 90 in the presence of dansyl chloride. In addition, the as-prepared luminescent AgNCs possessing excellent biocompatibility can effectively mark the nuclear region of HeLa cells and can be employed as a luminescent probe to monitor the cellular dynamics at a single molecular resolution.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Humanos , Prata/química , Citosina/química , Células HeLa , DNA/química , Replicação do DNA , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2941, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580643

RESUMO

Programmed DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation is a crucial feature of meiosis in most organisms. DSBs initiate recombination-mediated linking of homologous chromosomes, which enables correct chromosome segregation in meiosis. DSBs are generated on chromosome axes by heterooligomeric focal clusters of DSB-factors. Whereas DNA-driven protein condensation is thought to assemble the DSB-machinery, its targeting to chromosome axes is poorly understood. We uncover in mice that efficient biogenesis of DSB-machinery clusters requires seeding by axial IHO1 platforms. Both IHO1 phosphorylation and formation of axial IHO1 platforms are diminished by chemical inhibition of DBF4-dependent kinase (DDK), suggesting that DDK contributes to the control of the axial DSB-machinery. Furthermore, we show that axial IHO1 platforms are based on an interaction between IHO1 and the chromosomal axis component HORMAD1. IHO1-HORMAD1-mediated seeding of the DSB-machinery on axes ensures sufficiency of DSBs for efficient pairing of homologous chromosomes. Without IHO1-HORMAD1 interaction, residual DSBs depend on ANKRD31, which enhances both the seeding and the growth of DSB-machinery clusters. Thus, recombination initiation is ensured by complementary pathways that differentially support seeding and growth of DSB-machinery clusters, thereby synergistically enabling DSB-machinery condensation on chromosomal axes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Camundongos , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , DNA , Meiose/genética , Complexo Sinaptonêmico/metabolismo , Recombinação Genética , Recombinação Homóloga
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7988, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580715

RESUMO

In the human genome, heterozygous sites refer to genomic positions with a different allele or nucleotide variant on the maternal and paternal chromosomes. Resolving these allelic differences by chromosomal copy, also known as phasing, is achievable on a short-read sequencer when using a library preparation method that captures long-range genomic information. TELL-Seq is a library preparation that captures long-range genomic information with the aid of molecular identifiers (barcodes). The same barcode is used to tag the reads derived from the same long DNA fragment within a range of up to 200 kilobases (kb), generating linked-reads. This strategy can be used to phase an entire genome. Here, we introduce a TELL-Seq protocol developed for targeted applications, enabling the phasing of enriched loci of varying sizes, purity levels, and heterozygosity. To validate this protocol, we phased 2-200 kb loci enriched with different methods: CRISPR/Cas9-mediated excision coupled with pulse-field electrophoresis for the longest fragments, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated protection from exonuclease digestion for mid-size fragments, and long PCR for the shortest fragments. All selected loci have known clinical relevance: BRCA1, BRCA2, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, APC, PMS2, SCN5A-SCN10A, and PKI3CA. Collectively, the analyses show that TELL-Seq can accurately phase 2-200 kb targets using a short-read sequencer.


Assuntos
Genômica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , DNA/genética , Genoma Humano
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(15): e2321338121, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568969

RESUMO

To address the contribution of transcriptional regulation to Drosophila clock gene expression and to behavior, we generated a series of CRISPR-mediated deletions within two regions of the circadian gene timeless (tim), an intronic E-box region and an upstream E-box region that are both recognized by the key transcription factor Clock (Clk) and its heterodimeric partner Cycle. The upstream deletions but not an intronic deletion dramatically impact tim expression in fly heads; the biggest upstream deletion reduces peak RNA levels and tim RNA cycling amplitude to about 15% of normal, and there are similar effects on tim protein (TIM). The cycling amplitude of other clock genes is also strongly reduced, in these cases due to increases in trough levels. These data underscore the important contribution of the upstream E-box enhancer region to tim expression and of TIM to clock gene transcriptional repression in fly heads. Surprisingly, tim expression in clock neurons is only modestly affected by the biggest upstream deletion and is similarly affected by a deletion of the intronic E-box region. This distinction between clock neurons and glia is paralleled by a dramatically enhanced accessibility of the intronic enhancer region within clock neurons. This distinctive feature of tim chromatin was revealed by ATAC-seq (assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with sequencing) assays of purified neurons and glia as well as of fly heads. The enhanced cell type-specific accessibility of the intronic enhancer region explains the resilience of clock neuron tim expression and circadian behavior to deletion of the otherwise more prominent upstream tim E-box region.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Drosophila , Animais , Cromatina/metabolismo , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Proteínas CLOCK/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , RNA/metabolismo
15.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2794: 293-304, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630238

RESUMO

Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) is an emerging method for the absolute quantification of PCR products, and it can detect DNA copy numbers accurately. It analyzes the end-point absolute fluorescence signals of the PCR-positive droplets and calculates the target concentration. EvaGreen is a nonspecific double-stranded DNA-binding fluorescent dye, and the ddPCR system also supports assays using this cost-effective hydrolysis probe. Here, we describe a simple method of quantification for DNA copy numbers using the EvaGreen single-color fluorescent design.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Genômica , Corantes Fluorescentes , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , DNA/genética
16.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 117(1): 68, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630330

RESUMO

In this research, two novel Fe(III)-reducing bacteria, SG10T and SG198T of genus Geothrix, were isolated from the rice field of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University in Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China. Strains SG10T and SG198T were strictly anaerobic, rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative. The two novel strains exhibited iron reduction ability, utilizing various single organic acid as the elector donor and Fe(III) as a terminal electron acceptor. Strains SG10T and SG198T showed the highest 16S rRNA sequences similarities to the type strains of Geothrix oryzisoli SG189T (99.0-99.5%) and Geothrix paludis SG195T (99.0-99.7%), respectively. The phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene and genome 120 conserved core genes showed that strains SG10T and SG198T belong to the genus Geothrix. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between the phylogenetic neighbors and the two isolated strains were 86.1-94.3% and 30.7-59.5%, respectively. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0, C16:0 and iso-C13:0 3OH, and MK-8 was the main respiratory quinone. According to above results, the two strains were assigned to the genus Geothrix with the names Geothrix campi sp. nov. and Geothrix mesophila sp. nov. Type strains are SG10T (= GDMCC 1.3406 T = JCM 39331 T) and SG198T (= GDMCC 62910 T = KCTC 25635 T), respectively.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Solo , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Acidobacteria , Bactérias , DNA
17.
PLoS Pathog ; 20(4): e1012122, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558079

RESUMO

Lyme disease is a tick-borne infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia (Borreliella) burgdorferi. Borrelia species have highly fragmented genomes composed of a linear chromosome and a constellation of linear and circular plasmids some of which are required throughout the enzootic cycle. Included in this plasmid repertoire by almost all Lyme disease spirochetes are the 32-kb circular plasmid cp32 prophages that are capable of lytic replication to produce infectious virions called ϕBB-1. While the B. burgdorferi genome contains evidence of horizontal transfer, the mechanisms of gene transfer between strains remain unclear. While we know that ϕBB-1 transduces cp32 and shuttle vector DNA during in vitro cultivation, the extent of ϕBB-1 DNA transfer is not clear. Herein, we use proteomics and long-read sequencing to further characterize ϕBB-1 virions. Our studies identified the cp32 pac region and revealed that ϕBB-1 packages linear cp32s via a headful mechanism with preferential packaging of plasmids containing the cp32 pac region. Additionally, we find ϕBB-1 packages fragments of the linear chromosome and full-length plasmids including lp54, cp26, and others. Furthermore, sequencing of ϕBB-1 packaged DNA allowed us to resolve the covalently closed hairpin telomeres for the linear B. burgdorferi chromosome and most linear plasmids in strain CA-11.2A. Collectively, our results shed light on the biology of the ubiquitous ϕBB-1 phage and further implicates ϕBB-1 in the generalized transduction of diverse genes and the maintenance of genetic diversity in Lyme disease spirochetes.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Borrelia burgdorferi , Doença de Lyme , Humanos , Borrelia burgdorferi/genética , Bacteriófagos/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , Doença de Lyme/genética , Genômica , DNA
18.
Nano Lett ; 24(15): 4682-4690, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563501

RESUMO

Multienzyme assemblies mediated by multivalent interaction play a crucial role in cellular processes. However, the three-dimensional (3D) programming of an enzyme complex with defined enzyme activity in vitro remains unexplored, primarily owing to limitations in precisely controlling the spatial topological configuration. Herein, we introduce a nanoscale 3D enzyme assembly using a tetrahedral DNA framework (TDF), enabling the replication of spatial topological configuration and maintenance of an identical edge-to-edge distance akin to natural enzymes. Our results demonstrate that 3D nanoscale enzyme assemblies in both two-enzyme systems (glucose oxidase (GOx)/horseradish peroxidase (HRP)) and three-enzyme systems (amylglucosidase (AGO)/GOx/HRP) lead to enhanced cascade catalytic activity compared to the low-dimensional structure, resulting in ∼5.9- and ∼7.7-fold enhancements over homogeneous diffusional mixtures of free enzymes, respectively. Furthermore, we demonstrate the enzyme assemblies for the detection of the metabolism biomarkers creatinine and creatine, achieving a low limit of detection, high sensitivity, and broad detection range.


Assuntos
Enzimas Imobilizadas , Glucose Oxidase , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/química , Glucose Oxidase/química , DNA/química
19.
ACS Infect Dis ; 10(4): 1097-1115, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564341

RESUMO

Beyond their requisite functions in many critical DNA processes, the bacterial type II topoisomerases, gyrase and topoisomerase IV, are the targets of fluoroquinolone antibacterials. These drugs act by stabilizing gyrase/topoisomerase IV-generated DNA strand breaks and by robbing the cell of the catalytic activities of these essential enzymes. Since their clinical approval in the mid-1980s, fluoroquinolones have been used to treat a broad spectrum of infectious diseases and are listed among the five "highest priority" critically important antimicrobial classes by the World Health Organization. Unfortunately, the widespread use of fluoroquinolones has been accompanied by a rise in target-mediated resistance caused by specific mutations in gyrase and topoisomerase IV, which has curtailed the medical efficacy of this drug class. As a result, efforts are underway to identify novel antibacterials that target the bacterial type II topoisomerases. Several new classes of gyrase/topoisomerase IV-targeted antibacterials have emerged, including novel bacterial topoisomerase inhibitors, Mycobacterium tuberculosis gyrase inhibitors, triazaacenaphthylenes, spiropyrimidinetriones, and thiophenes. Phase III clinical trials that utilized two members of these classes, gepotidacin (triazaacenaphthylene) and zoliflodacin (spiropyrimidinetrione), have been completed with positive outcomes, underscoring the potential of these compounds to become the first new classes of antibacterials introduced into the clinic in decades. Because gyrase and topoisomerase IV are validated targets for established and emerging antibacterials, this review will describe the catalytic mechanism and cellular activities of the bacterial type II topoisomerases, their interactions with fluoroquinolones, the mechanism of target-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance, and the actions of novel antibacterials against wild-type and fluoroquinolone-resistant gyrase and topoisomerase IV.


Assuntos
DNA Topoisomerase IV , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , DNA Topoisomerase IV/genética , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , DNA Girase/genética , DNA Girase/metabolismo , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(15): 11854-11866, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567416

RESUMO

With the advent of the post-Moore's Law era, the development of traditional silicon-based computers has reached its limit, and there is an urgent need to develop new computing technologies to meet the needs of science, technology, and daily life. Due to its super-strong parallel computing capability and outstanding data storage capacity, DNA computing has become an important branch and hot research topic of new computer technology. DNA enzyme-free hybridization reaction technology is widely used in DNA computing, showing excellent performance in computing power and information processing. Studies have shown that DNA molecules not only have the computing function of electronic devices, but also exhibit certain human brain-like functions. In the field of artificial intelligence, activation functions play an important role as they enable artificial intelligence systems to fit and predict non-linear and complex variable relationships. Due to the difficulty of implementing activation functions in DNA computing, DNA circuits cannot easily achieve all the functions of artificial intelligence. DNA circuits need to rely on electronic computers to complete the training and learning process. Based on the parallel computing characteristics of DNA computing and the kinetic features of DNA molecule displacement reactions, this paper proposes a new activation function. This activation function can not only be easily implemented by DNA enzyme-free hybridization reaction reactions, but also has good nesting properties in DNA circuits, and can be cascaded with other DNA reactions to form a complete DNA circuit. This paper not only provides the mathematical analysis of the proposed activation function, but also provides a detailed analysis of its kinetic features. The activation function is then nested into a nonlinear neural network for DNA computing. This system is capable of fitting and predicting a certain nonlinear function.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Computadores Moleculares , Humanos , Computadores , Redes Neurais de Computação , DNA/genética
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