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2.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 247, 2022 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was set to investigate the correlation between square dance and musculoskeletal system of early postmenopausal Chinese women. METHODS: Chinese postmenopausal women, who had been without menstruation for 1-10 years from the onset of menopause were recruited from community centers for this study. A standardized structured face-to-face interview was performed to collect demographic information, life styles, personal medical history, diet and menstrual status. Subjects who had been practicing regular square dance without participated in other sports activities for more than 2 years and over 4 h per week (usually more than 45 min per time and more than 5 times per week) were assigned to square dance group. Those postmenopausal women who had not participated in regular exercises (no more than 0.5 h per week) were recruited as the sedentary control group. Bone mineral density (BMD) of spine, total hip and femoral neck was measured by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Lower limb muscle strength was measured for the non-dominant leg, body flexibility was measured by a simple trunk bend-and-reach test, and body balance was evaluated using a single-stance test for the non-dominant leg. Independent two-tailed Student's t-test was used for data analysis. RESULTS: 152 subjects from community centers were selected for this study and divided into square dance group (n = 74) and control group (n = 78). The square dance subjects had higher lumbar spine BMD (p = 0.01) and total hip BMD (p = 0.02) than control subjects, but there was no significant difference of femoral neck BMD (p = 0.48) between these two groups. Functional testing indicated that square dance subjects had higher lower limb muscle strength (p < 0.01) and longer single-stance time (p = 0.02) than the control subjects, but there was no significant difference in trunk bend-and-reach (p = 0.12) between these two groups. CONCLUSION: Our results show that postmenopausal Chinese women can get beneficial effects, like higher BMD, stronger lower limb muscle and improved body balance ability on musculoskeletal system by participating in square dance regularly.


Assuntos
Dança , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/fisiologia , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Pós-Menopausa/fisiologia
3.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 3276696, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720900

RESUMO

With the generation of images, videos, and other data, how to identify the gait of the action in the video has gradually become the focus of research. Aiming at the problems of complex and changeable movements, strong coherence, and serious occlusion in dance video images, this paper proposes a dynamic recognition model of gait contour of dance movements based on GAN (generative adversarial networks). GAN method is used to convert the gait diagrams in any state into a group of gait diagrams in normal state with multiple angles, which are arranged in turn. In order to retain as much original feature information as possible, multiple loss strategy is adopted to optimize the network, increase the distance between classes, and reduce the distance within classes. Experimental results show that the average recognition rates of this model at 50°, 90°, and 120°are 93.24, 98.24, and 97.93, respectively, which shows that the recognition accuracy of dance movement recognition method is high. And this method can effectively improve the dynamic recognition of gait contour of dance movements.


Assuntos
Dança , Marcha , Movimento , Reconhecimento Psicológico
4.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1559099, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720946

RESUMO

In recent years, the research work of artificial intelligence technology has progressed rapidly, and various classic Few-Shot learning models have achieved unprecedented success in many artificial intelligence application fields. These include face recognition, object classification detection and tracking, speech recognition, and natural language processing, which greatly facilitate our lives. This paper aims to identify dance fitness movements based on contour image spatial frequency domain features and Few-Shot learning technology. This paper proposes a Few-Shot learning method based on contrastive average loss for Few-Shot learning. This method makes the learned model more representative by improving the loss function and performing a normalization process, and it proposes a feature extraction algorithm that combines improved LBP and HOG for action recognition technology. The experimental results show that the recognition accuracy of the algorithm in this paper is 93.10%, 90.30%, and 92.70% for walking, opening hands, and running, respectively. This illustrates the effectiveness of the fusion feature algorithm.


Assuntos
Dança , Reconhecimento Facial , Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Reconhecimento Psicológico
5.
BMJ ; 377: o1381, 2022 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700992

Assuntos
Dança , Humanos
6.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 6794018, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655507

RESUMO

In order to explore the main action characteristics of hip hop dance, a deep learning recognition system based on dance action is proposed. The network is based on convolution, pooling, and full connection calculation in a convolutional neural network (CNN). On the one hand, the pixel information in the video frame is extracted as the network input feature in the spatial domain. On the other hand, in the time domain, in order to better represent the change characteristics of video actions, optical flow information is introduced, and the optical flow vector change of pixels in DT time is calculated by the pyramid algorithm (LK) as the time domain convolution feature. In order to evaluate the performance of the network, this article takes the recognition of dance movements as an example to test the application of the algorithm. The test dataset contains 101 fully identified dance movements. The test results show that the proposed algorithm is 10.90% higher than F1 of inception V3, and the recognition accuracy is 10.85% and 5.27% higher than that of inception V3 and 3D-CNN networks, respectively. For the problems and difficulties brought by single-mode video action recognition, a multimodal action recognition method is introduced to achieve better results based on a large number of training data. Different depth networks have different characteristics. CNN network pays more attention to the relationship between local information, so it is suitable for image recognition and detection tasks. The RNN network is expanded in the time dimension, so it is suitable for the modal information related to similar videos. Therefore, based on multimodal information and a depth neural network, a depth feature extraction and fusion method for multimodal information is designed. Different methods of feature extraction and fusion are tried in the experiment, and the experimental results are analyzed. It proves that the deep learning and recognition of dance movement can effectively explore the main movement characteristics of hip hop dance.


Assuntos
Dança , Aprendizado Profundo , Movimento , Redes Neurais de Computação , Extremidade Superior
7.
J Hist Ideas ; 83(2): 229-255, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603612

RESUMO

A photograph depicts anthropologist Franz Boas posing as an Indigenous youth in search of human flesh. It looks like an icon of cultural appropriation, but behind the picture is a history of Indigenous influence. The archive of body knowledge-memories encapsulated in the motions of dance and indexed in images-reveals that the Kwak'wala-speaking peoples civilized the white man who came to study them, converting him to the Host-Guest logic of potlatch encoded in their Hama[inline-graphic 01]sa dance. Seeing Boas as a host body of Indigenous knowledge radically reconfigures our understanding of influence, compelling us to ask who creates modernity.


Assuntos
Dança , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35627862

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to capture older adult women's experience of dance. To this purpose, a qualitative research study was carried out with members of the 'Gracje' dance group. The study used Jürgen Habermas's theory of communicative action as its theoretical underpinnings. The focus was on the models of action and validity claims expressed in language (narrative). In this theoretical framework, dancing activity has been shown as promoting not only physical health and mental wellbeing but also social involvement. Our study has found that, in and through dance, the older adults primarily realised their claims to pleasure, attractiveness, health and emancipation. This has considerably improved their bodily capacity and increased their self-esteem. However, what the older adults themselves find most important is that the realisation of these claims beneficially affects their interactions in family and neighbourly communities and facilitates their engagement in volunteer activities, helping people at risk of exclusion due to age and/or disability.


Assuntos
Dança , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Prazer , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565904

RESUMO

Dancers are an athlete population at high risk of developing iron deficiency (ID). The aesthetic nature of the discipline means dancers potentially utilise dietary restriction to meet physique goals. In combination with high training demands, this means dancers are susceptible to problems related to low energy availability (LEA), which impacts nutrient intake. In the presence of LEA, ID is common because of a reduced mineral content within the low energy diet. Left untreated, ID becomes an issue that results in fatigue, reduced aerobic work capacity, and ultimately, iron deficient anaemia (IDA). Such progression can be detrimental to a dancer's capacity given the physically demanding nature of training, rehearsal, and performances. Previous literature has focused on the manifestation and treatment of ID primarily in the context of endurance athletes; however, a dance-specific context addressing the interplay between dance training and performance, LEA and ID is essential for practitioners working in this space. By consolidating findings from identified studies of dancers and other relevant athlete groups, this review explores causal factors of ID and potential treatment strategies for dancers to optimise absorption from an oral iron supplementation regime to adequately support health and performance.


Assuntos
Dança , Ferro na Dieta , Atletas , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos , Ferro
10.
Proc Biol Sci ; 289(1974): 20212540, 2022 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506220

RESUMO

Body size mediates life history, physiology and inter- and intra-specific interactions. Within species, sexes frequently differ in size, reflecting divergent selective pressures and/or constraints. Both sexual selection and differences in environmentally mediated reproductive constraints can drive sexual size dimorphism, but empirically testing causes of dimorphism is challenging. Manakins (Pipridae), a family of Neotropical birds comprising approximately 50 species, exhibit a broad range of size dimorphism from male- to female-biased and are distributed across gradients of precipitation and elevation. Males perform courtship displays ranging from simple hops to complex aerobatic manoeuvres. We tested associations between sexual size dimorphism and (a) agility and (b) environment, analysing morphological, behavioural and environmental data for 22 manakin species in a phylogenetic framework. Sexual dimorphism in mass was most strongly related to agility, with males being lighter than females in species performing more aerial display behaviours. However, wing and tarsus length dimorphism were more strongly associated with environmental variables, suggesting that different sources of selection act on different aspects of body size. These results highlight the strength of sexual selection in shaping morphology-even atypical patterns of dimorphism-while demonstrating the importance of constraints and ecological consequences of body size evolution.


Assuntos
Dança , Passeriformes , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Filogenia , Caracteres Sexuais
11.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0268444, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This field-based study aimed to determine the association between pre-professional student dancers' movement quantity and quality with (i) pain severity and (ii) pain related disability. METHODS: Pre-professional female ballet and contemporary dance students (n = 52) participated in 4 time points of data collection over a 12-week university semester. At each time point dancers provided self-reported pain outcomes (Numerical Rating Scale as a measure of pain severity and Patient Specific Functional Scale as a measure of pain related disability) and wore a wearable sensor system. This system combined wearable sensors with previously developed machine learning models capable of capturing movement quantity and quality outcomes. A series of linear mixed models were applied to determine if there was an association between dancers' movement quantity and quality over the 4 time points with pain severity and pain related disability. RESULTS: Almost all dancers (n = 50) experienced pain, and half of the dancers experienced disabling pain (n = 26). Significant associations were evident for pain related disability and movement quantity and quality variables. Specifically, greater pain related disability was associated with more light activity, fewer leg lifts to the front, a shorter average duration of leg lifts to the front and fewer total leg lifts. Greater pain related disability was also associated with higher thigh elevation angles to the side. There was no evidence for associations between movement quantity and quality variables and pain severity. DISCUSSION: Despite a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain, dancers' levels of pain severity and disability were generally low. Between-person level associations were identified between dancers' movement quantity and quality, and pain related disability. These findings may reflect dancers' adaptations to pain related disability, while they continue to dance. This proof-of-concept research provides a compelling model for future work exploring dancers' pain using field-based, serial data collection.


Assuntos
Dança , Dor Musculoesquelética , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Movimento , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Medição da Dor
12.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8353, 2022 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589727

RESUMO

Body consciousness is associated with kinetic skills and various aspects of wellbeing. Physical activities have been shown to contribute to the development of body consciousness. Methodological studies are needed in improving the assessment of body consciousness in adults with distinct physical activity backgrounds. This study (1) examined whether dancers, athletes, and lightly physically active individuals differed regarding the level of their body consciousness, and (2) evaluated the usability of different methods in assessing body consciousness. Fifty-seven healthy adults (aged 20-37) were included in the study. Three experimental methods (aperture task, endpoint matching, and posture copying) and two self-report questionnaires (the Private Body Consciousness Scale, PBCS, and the Body Awareness Questionnaire, BAQ) were used in assessing body consciousness. Athletes outperformed the lightly physically active participants in the posture copying task with the aid of vision when copying leg postures. Dancers performed better than the athletes without the aid of vision when their back and upper body were involved, and better than the lightly active participants when copying leg postures. Dancers and athletes had higher self-reported cognitive and perceptual knowledge of their body than lightly physically active participants. To examine the role of different physical activities in developing body consciousness, experimental methods involving the use of the whole body might be most suitable. Subjective measures may provide complementary evidence for experimental testing.


Assuntos
Dança , Adulto , Atletas , Estado de Consciência , Dança/psicologia , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1994046, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35634076

RESUMO

Since the reform and opening, China's economy has grown rapidly, and people's living standards have improved significantly. As one of the most effective ways to implement national fitness, square dance has gradually become the main lifestyle of urban communities, an important part of China's sports construction, and an important indicator to reflect the fitness of the masses and the construction of a well-off society in an all-round way. On the other hand, with the rapid development of internet of things technology, many people can use intelligent bracelets based on machine learning technology to realize motion detection. This technology is also applicable in square dance, which is of great significance to exercise and protect health. This paper first reviews the research status of the internet of things communication protocol and cloud platform, then introduces and analyzes the MQTT communication protocol and Netty high-performance network framework, and studies the integration technology of the internet of things and machine learning. Then, according to the characteristics of the internet of things, a scheme to realize data preprocessing is proposed. The value to be completed is calculated based on the correlation of other attributes corresponding to the k-nearest neighbor model (KNN) and the regression model. Finally, the machine learning algorithm is used to train the results of the three models to obtain the final filling value. The whole scheme design allows the machine learning algorithm to obtain relatively high-quality data in the internal environment. This paper designs a sports monitoring data system for square dance by combining machine learning and internet of things technology, so as to promote national fitness.


Assuntos
Dança , Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Movimento
14.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 37(2): 73-77, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35637559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the biopsychosocial factors that explain injuries in dancers through use of a Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed with dancers over 18 years of age from dance schools in Brazil. Sociodemographic factors, pain intensity (numerical pain rating scale, NPRS), anxiety (Beck anxiety inventory, BAI), and functioning (WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0, WHODAS) were assessed. We used a classification and regression tree (CART) analysis considering the occurrence of injury as a dependent variable, and the independent variables included age, training load, BAI, pain level, and WHODAS 2.0 score, adjusted for body mass index. RESULTS: The sample included 61 dancers (ballet, jazz, contemporary, tap, and urban dance), and they were mainly women (72.1%) with a mean age of 25.6 (± 5.79) years. Thirty-three percent presented dance-related musculoskeletal injuries in the last 12 months. The CART analysis showed that training load was the main associated factor, explaining 52.4% of injuries in dancers with a workload > 11.5 hrs/wk (p=0.05). When NPRS > 6.5 is added to the high load of training, these two variables explain 100% of the cases of injury (p=0.02). Training load < 11.5 hrs/wk and WHODAS 2.0 score < 68.0 were associated factors for no injury in dancers (80%; p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that training load, functioning, and pain intensity were factors associated with injury in dancers, and we established cutoff points. The inclusion of functioning in the algorithm suggests the influence of structure, function, activity, and social participation on injury in dancers and strengthens the patient-centered care.


Assuntos
Dança , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dança/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Dor/epidemiologia , Medição da Dor
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35627716

RESUMO

(1) Background: Square dancing is an emerging form of aerobic exercise in China, especially among middle-aged and older people. The benefits of square dancing have been investigated and promoted in recent years through research and interventions. Interventions have been conducted to promote the participants' reactionary participation in physical activity, social and family cohesion, and other psychological benefits. Therefore, square dancing has been promoted as a major factor in China's increase in physical activity prevalence. (2) Methods: A systematic review was used to identify studies that have indicated the effect of square dancing on the physical and mental health among Chinese older adults. (3) Results: Twenty-four studies examining the effects of square dancing on older Chinese adults were extracted. These studies were not found in English databases. The quality of the retrieved studies had a moderate-to-high risk of bias. Square dancing interventions were shown to result in effective mental, physical, and cognitive improvements in the systematic synthesis. (4) Conclusions: This study examined the effects of square dancing in China over the past 10 years on the physical and mental health of older adults. Based on the results of this study, recommendations can be made for future square dance interventions for older adults such as male-oriented, mixed-gender, or intergenerational programs.


Assuntos
Dança , Saúde Mental , Idoso , China , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(7)2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408060

RESUMO

We present here a method for recognising dance moves in sequences using 3D accelerometer and gyroscope signals, acquired by a single wearable device, attached to the dancer's leg. The recognition entails dance tempo estimation, temporal scaling, a wearable device orientation-invariant coordinate system transformation, and, finally, sliding correlation-based template matching. The recognition is independent of the orientation of the wearable device and the tempo of dancing, which promotes the usability of the method in a wide range of everyday application scenarios. For experimental validation, we considered the versatile repertoire of solo jazz dance moves. We created a database of 15 authentic solo jazz template moves using the performances of a professional dancer dancing at 120 bpm. We analysed 36 new dance sequences, performed by the professional and five recreational dancers, following six dance tempos, ranging from 120 bpm to 220 bpm with 20 bpm increment steps. The recognition F1 scores, obtained cumulatively for all moves for different tempos, ranged from 0.87 to 0.98. The results indicate that the presented method can be used to recognise repeated dance moves and to assess the dancer's consistency in performance. In addition, the results confirm the potential of using the presented method to recognise imitated dance moves, supporting the learning process.


Assuntos
Dança , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Perna (Membro)
17.
Bioessays ; 44(7): e2200035, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451123

RESUMO

In all domains of life, transmembrane proteins from the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family drive the translocation of diverse substances across lipid bilayers. In pathogenic fungi, the ABC transporters of the pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) subfamily confer antibiotic resistance and so are of interest as therapeutic targets. They also drive the quest for understanding how ABC transporters can generally accommodate such a wide range of substrates. The Pdr5 transporter from baker's yeast is representative of the PDR group and, ever since its discovery more than 30 years ago, has been the subject of extensive functional analyses. A new perspective of these studies has been recently provided in the framework of the first electron cryo-microscopy structures of Pdr5, as well as emergent applications of machine learning in the field. Taken together, the old and the new developments have been used to propose a mechanism for the transport process in PDR proteins. This mechanism involves a "flippase" step that moves the substrates from one leaflet of the bilayer to the other, as a central element of cellular efflux.


Assuntos
Dança , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Resistência a Medicamentos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457537

RESUMO

Adolescent girls with intellectual disabilities (ID) are at risk for low physical activity (PA) participation due to their limited opportunities. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a 12-week dance intervention to promote engagement in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and increase cardiorespiratory fitness. METHODS: The 12-week intervention included two 75-min weekly dance sessions. Continuous heart-rate (HR) monitoring assessed time spent below/at/above each girl's target HR zone. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured by the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Survey items assessed participant enjoyment and participant and parent satisfaction. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of 18 adolescent girls was 17.3 (2.7) years. Overall, girls attended 88% of sessions and spent 52.3% of each session in MVPA. Mean MVPA was unchanged across the 12 weeks, but the pattern differed across the three sites. We observed a non-significant pre-post increase of 74.6 feet on the 6MWT. Post-intervention surveys indicated that most girls liked the program, perceived improved fitness, and wished to continue dancing. The majority also reported a preference for a girls-only dance program exclusively for those with ID. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that dance is viable for promoting PA for girls with ID. More frequent exercise training is likely needed to improve cardiorespiratory fitness.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Dança , Deficiência Intelectual , Adolescente , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Prazer
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457783

RESUMO

Professional ballet dancers can be classified as dance artists and sports performers. This systematic review aims to consider the biomechanical risk factors for foot and ankle injuries in ballet dancers, as this could potentially reduce the impact that 'cost of injury' may have on ballet companies. An additional outcome was to examine the effects of injury on the career of ballet dancers. This study searched articles in four electronic databases for information in peer-reviewed journals. The included articles examined the relationships between biomechanical factors and the relationship between ballet shoes and foot performance. There were 9 articles included in this review. Among these articles, two focused on the peak force of the foot using two types of pointe shoes, three focused on overuse injuries of the ballet dancer's foot, one article focused on the loading of the foot of a dancer, and three articles focused on the function and biomechanics of the foot in dancers. This review also found that the pointe shoe condition was the most important factor contributing to a foot injury; overuse injury related to high-intensity training and affected both the ankle and the foot; and metatarsophalangeal joint injury related to the function and structure of the foot. Finally, strengthening the lower extremity muscle is also a recommendation to improve muscle coordination and reduce injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Dança , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Articulação do Tornozelo , Dança/fisiologia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Sapatos
20.
Geriatr Nurs ; 45: 85-92, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of fundamental movement skills (FMS)-based dual-task training and dance training on spatio-temporal characteristics of gait performance under single- and dual-task walking conditions among older women with dementia. METHOD: Thirty-eight elderly females with dementia were randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) dual-task intervention (DTI, age: 73 ± 6.5 years) or (2) Iranian dance intervention (IDI, age: 72.52 ± 6.01 years). Both groups participated in a 10-week intervention program (3 sessions per week, each lasting 50 min). Gait performance parameters (gait speed, cadence, and stride length) and dual-task costs (DTC) were examined using a gait analysis system. The participants completed three walking trials under two conditions: single- and dual-task. The video data was analyzed using motion analysis software (Frame-DIAS II, DKH, DKH Inc., Tokyo, Japan). RESULTS: The results showed that both groups significantly improved in terms of all gait variables, and DTC decreased (p < .001) from pre- to post-test for both conditions. However, the main effects for the group and the group-by-time interactions were not significantly different between the two groups (p > .05). CONCLUSION: These findings showed that DTI and IDI effectively improved gait performance following a 10-week intervention for older women with dementia. Therefore, it is suggested that either training program could decrease DTC and increase gait speed, stride length, and cadence among older females with dementia.


Assuntos
Dança , Demência , Idoso , Cognição , Feminino , Marcha , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Caminhada
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