Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 110
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Biotechnol ; 355: 42-52, 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35760147

RESUMO

The advancement of knowledge about the physiology of Dekkera bruxellensis has shown its potential for the production of fuel ethanol very close to the conventional fermenting yeast S. cerevisiae. However, some aspects of its metabolism remain uncovered. In the present study, the respiro-fermentative parameters of D. bruxellensis GDB 248 were evaluated under different cultivation conditions. The results showed that sucrose was more efficiently converted to ethanol than glucose, regardless the nitrogen source, which points out for the industrial efficiency of this yeast in sucrose-based substrate. The blockage of the cytosolic acetate production incremented the yeast fermentative efficiency by 27% (in glucose) and 14% (in sucrose). On the other hand, the presence of nitrate as inducer of acetate production reducing the production of ethanol. Altogether, these results settled the hypothesis that acetate metabolism is the main constraint for ethanol production. Besides, this acetate-generating pathway seems to exert some regulatory action on the flux and distribution of the carbon flowing through the central metabolism. These physiological aspects were corroborated by the relative expression analysis of key genes in the crossroad to ethanol, acetate and biomass formation. All the results were discussed in the light of the industrial potential of this yeast.


Assuntos
Dekkera , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Acetatos/metabolismo , Brettanomyces , Dekkera/genética , Dekkera/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Fermentação , Glucose/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sacarose/metabolismo
2.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436074

RESUMO

Traceability analysis, such as identification and discrimination of yeasts used for fermentation, is important for ensuring manufacturing efficiency and product safety during brewing. However, conventional methods based on morphological and physiological properties have disadvantages such as time consumption and low sensitivity. In this study, the resistive pulse method (RPM) was employed to discriminate between Saccharomyces pastorianus and Dekkera anomala and S. pastorianus and D. bruxellensis by measuring the ionic current response of cells flowing through a microsized pore. The height and shape of the pulse signal were used for the simultaneous measurement of the size, shape, and surface charge of individual cells. Accurate discrimination of S. pastorianus from Dekkera spp. was observed with a recall rate of 96.3 ± 0.8%. Furthermore, budding S. pastorianus was quantitatively detected by evaluating the shape of the waveform of the current ionic blockade. We showed a proof-of-concept demonstration of RPM for the detection of contamination of Dekkera spp. in S. pastorianus and for monitoring the fermentation of S. pastorianus through the quantitative detection of budding cells.


Assuntos
Dekkera , Saccharomyces , Brettanomyces , Fermentação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
3.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(4): 1585-1600, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538877

RESUMO

The yeast Dekkera bruxellensis is well-known for its adaptation to industrial ethanol fermentation processes, which can be further improved if nitrate is present in the substrate. To date, the assimilation of nitrate has been considered inefficient because of the apparent energy cost imposed on cell metabolism. Recent research, however, has shown that nitrate promotes growth rate and ethanol yield when oxygen is absent from the environment. Given this, the present work aimed to identify the biological mechanisms behind this physiological behaviour. Proteomic analyses comparing four contrasting growth conditions gave some clues on how nitrate could be used as primary nitrogen source by D. bruxellensis GDB 248 (URM 8346) cells in anaerobiosis. The superior anaerobic growth in nitrate seems to be a consequence of increased cell metabolism (glycolytic pathway, production of ATP and NADPH and anaplerotic reactions providing metabolic intermediates) regulated by balanced activation of TORC1 and NCR de-repression mechanisms. On the other hand, the poor growth observed in aerobiosis is likely due to an oxidative stress triggered by nitrate when oxygen is present. These results represent a milestone regarding the knowledge about nitrate metabolism and might be explored for future use of D. bruxellensis as an industrial yeast. KEY POINTS: • Nitrate can be regarded as preferential nitrogen source for D. bruxellensis. • Oxidative stress limits the growth of D. bruxellensis in nitrate in aerobiosis. • Nitrate is a nutrient for novel industrial bioprocesses using D. bruxellensis.


Assuntos
Dekkera , Brettanomyces , Fermentação , Nitratos , Proteômica
4.
Food Microbiol ; 93: 103617, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912588

RESUMO

Volatile phenols in wines are responsible for unpleasant aromas, which negatively affect the quality of the wine. These compounds are produced from the metabolism of hydroxycinnamic acids, mainly by the yeasts Brettanomyces/Dekkera. Relevant data, potentially useful to support decisions on how to manage the risk of contamination of wines by Brettanomyces/Dekkera, according to the grape varieties used in the vinification, is important to the wine industry. Therefore, the aim of this work was to evaluate the survival and the metabolism of hydroxycinnamic acids by Dekkera bruxellensis in monovarietal wines. Yeast growth and survival were monitored in fifteen wines, five from each of the grape varieties Touriga Nacional, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah, inoculated with a strain of D. bruxellensis. Yeast culturable populations of 107 CFU mL-1 were reduced to undetectable numbers in 24 h in all wines. Plate counts of 104-106 CFU mL-1 were, however, detected after 48 h in most of Touriga Nacional and Cabernet Sauvignon wines and later in Syrah. Viability measurement by flow cytometry showed that a significant part of the populations was in a viable but non-culturable state (VBNC). The time required for the recovery of the culturable state was dependent on the wine, being longer on Syrah wines. Besides the production of ethylphenols, the metabolism of hydroxycinnamic acids by VBNC cells led to the accumulation of vinylphenols at relatively high levels, independently of the grape variety. The flow cytometry methodology showed a higher survival capacity of D. bruxellensis in Touriga Nacional wines, which corroborates with the higher amounts of volatile phenols found on this variety.


Assuntos
Brettanomyces/metabolismo , Ácidos Cumáricos/metabolismo , Vinho/análise , Vinho/microbiologia , Brettanomyces/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dekkera , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Hidroxibenzoatos , Fenóis/metabolismo , Vitis , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
5.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 314: 108415, 2020 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707175

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis, considered the major microbial contaminant in wine production, produces 4-ethylphenol, a cause of unpleasant odors. Thus, identification of this yeast before wine spoilage is crucial. Although challenging, it could be achieved using a simple technique: RNA-FISH. To reach it is necessary to design probes that allow specific detection/identification of D. bruxellensis among the wine microorganisms and in the wine environment and, if possible, using low formamide concentrations. Therefore, this study was focused on: a) designing a DNA-FISH probe to identify D. bruxellensis that matches these requirements and b) determining the applicability of the RNA-FISH procedure after the end of the alcoholic fermentation and in wine. A novel DNA-FISH D. bruxellensis probe with good performance and specificity was designed. The application of this probe using an in-suspension RNA-FISH protocol (applying only 5% of formamide) allowed the early detection/identification of D. bruxellensis at low cell densities (5 × 102 cell/mL). This was possible by flow cytometry independently of the growth stage of the target cells, both at the end of the alcoholic fermentation and in wine even in the presence of high S. cerevisiae cell densities. Thus, this study aims to contribute to facilitate the identification of D. bruxellensis before wine spoilage occurs, preventing economic losses to the wine industry.


Assuntos
Dekkera/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , RNA Fúngico/análise , Vinho/microbiologia , Dekkera/genética , Fermentação , Citometria de Fluxo , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Sondas de Ácido Nucleico/genética , RNA Fúngico/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
6.
Microb Biotechnol ; 12(6): 1237-1248, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197952

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis is the main reason for spoilage in the wine industry. It renders the products unacceptable leading to large economic losses. Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) technique has the potential for allowing its specific detection. Nevertheless, some experimental difficulties can be encountered when FISH technique is applied in the wine environment (e.g. matrix and cells' autofluorescence, fluorophore inadequate selection and probes' low specificity to the target organisms). An easy and fast in-suspension RNA-FISH procedure was applied for the first time for identifying D. bruxellensis in wine. A previously designed RNA-FISH probe to detect D. bruxellensis (26S D. brux.5.1) was used, and the matrix and cells' fluorescence interferences, the influence of three fluorophores in FISH performance and the probe specificity were evaluated. The results revealed that to apply RNA-FISH technique in the wine environment, a red-emitting fluorophore should be used. Good probe performance and specificity were achieved with 25% of formamide. The resulting RNA-FISH protocol was applied in wine samples artificially inoculated with D. bruxellensis. This spoilage microorganism was detected in wine at cell densities lower than those associated with phenolic off-flavours. Thus, the RNA-FISH procedure described in this work represents an advancement to facilitate early detection of the most dangerous wine spoilage yeast and, consequently, to reduce the economic losses caused by this yeast to the wine industry.


Assuntos
Dekkera/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Vinho/microbiologia , Dekkera/classificação , Dekkera/genética , RNA Fúngico/análise , RNA Fúngico/genética , RNA Ribossômico/análise , RNA Ribossômico/genética
7.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(7): 103, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236799

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis is an industrial yeast mainly regarded as a contaminant species in fermentation processes. In winemaking, it is associated with off-flavours that cause wine spoilage, while in bioethanol production this yeast is linked to a reduction of industrial productivity by competing with Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the substrate. In spite of that, this point of view is gradually changing, mostly because D. bruxellensis is also able to produce important metabolites, such as ethanol, acetate, fusel alcohols, esters and others. This dual role is likely due to the fact that this yeast presents a set of metabolic traits that might be either industrially attractive or detrimental, depending on how they are faced and explored. Therefore, a proper industrial application for D. bruxellensis depends on the correct assembly of its central metabolic puzzle. In this sense, researchers have addressed issues regarding the physiological and genetic aspects of D. bruxellensis, which have brought to light much of our current knowledge on this yeast. In this review, we shall outline what is presently understood about the main metabolic features of D. bruxellensis and how they might be managed to improve its current or future industrial applications (except for winemaking, in which it is solely regarded as a contaminant). Moreover, we will discuss the advantages and challenges that must be overcome in order to take advantage of the full biotechnological potential of this yeast.


Assuntos
Dekkera/genética , Dekkera/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Fermentação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Vinho/microbiologia
8.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 218: 299-307, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005737

RESUMO

The molecular fingerprints of yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Dekkera bruxellensis, and Wickerhamomyces anomalus (former name Pichia anomala) have been examined using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and helium ion microscopy (HIM). The SERS spectra obtained from cell cultures (lysate and non-treated cells) distinguish between these very closely related fungal species. Highly SERS active silver nano-particles suitable for detecting complex biomolecules were fabricated using a simple synthesis route. The yeast samples mixed with aggregated Ag nanoparticles yielded highly enhanced and reproducible Raman signal owing to the high density of the hot spots at the junctions of two or more Ag nanoparticles and enabled to differentiate the three species based on their unique features (spectral fingerprint). We also collected SERS spectra of the three yeast species in beer medium to demonstrate the potential of the method for industrial application. These findings demonstrate the great potential of SERS for detection and identification of fungi species based on the biochemical compositions, even in a chemically complex sample.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica/métodos , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Leveduras/química , Dekkera/química , Dekkera/classificação , Dekkera/isolamento & purificação , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Pichia/química , Pichia/classificação , Pichia/isolamento & purificação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/classificação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/isolamento & purificação , Prata/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Leveduras/classificação , Leveduras/isolamento & purificação
9.
FEMS Yeast Res ; 19(3)2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848782

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis is considered a spoilage yeast in winemaking, brewing and fuel-ethanol production. However, there is growing evidence in the literature of its biotechnological potential. In this work, we surveyed 29 D. bruxellensis isolates from three countries and two different industrial origins (winemaking and fuel-ethanol production) for the metabolization of industrially relevant sugars. The isolates were characterized by the determination of their maximum specific growth rates, and by testing their ability to grow in the presence of 2-deoxy-d-glucose and antimycin A. Great diversity was observed among the isolates, with fuel-ethanol isolates showing overall higher specific growth rates than wine isolates. Preferences for galactose (three wine isolates) and for cellobiose or lactose (some fuel-ethanol isolates) were observed. Fuel-ethanol isolates were less sensitive than wine isolates to glucose catabolite repression (GCR) induction by 2-deoxy-d-glucose. In strictly anaerobic conditions, isolates selected for having high aerobic growth rates were able to ferment glucose, sucrose and cellobiose at fairly high rates without supplementation of casamino acids or yeast extract in the culture medium. The phenotypic diversity found among wine and fuel-ethanol isolates suggests adaptation to these environments. A possible application of some of the GCR-insensitive, fast-growing isolates in industrial processes requiring co-assimilation of different sugars is considered.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Biocombustíveis/microbiologia , Carbono/metabolismo , Dekkera/metabolismo , Vinho/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Dekkera/classificação , Etanol , Fermentação , Microbiologia Industrial
10.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(7): 3073-3083, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734124

RESUMO

Microbial contamination of alcoholic fermentation processes (e.g. winemaking and fuel-ethanol production) is a serious problem for the industry since it may render the product unacceptable and/or reduce its productivity, leading to large economic losses. Brettanomyces/Dekkera bruxellensis is one of the most dangerous microbial contaminant of ethanol industrial fermentations. In the case of wine, this yeast species can produce phenolic compounds that confer off-flavours to the final product. In fuel-ethanol fermentations, D. bruxellensis is a persistent contaminant that affects ethanol yields and productivities. We recently found that Saccharomyces cerevisiae secretes a biocide, which we named saccharomycin, composed of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) derived from the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). Saccharomycin is active against several wine-related yeast species, namely D. bruxellensis. However, the levels of saccharomycin naturally secreted by S. cerevisiae during alcoholic fermentation are not sufficient to ensure the complete death of D. bruxellensis. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to construct genetically modified S. cerevisiae strains to overproduce these GAPDH-derived AMPs. The expression levels of the nucleotides sequences encoding the AMPs were evaluated in the modified S. cerevisiae strains by RT-qPCR, confirming the success of the recombinant approach. Furthermore, we confirmed by immunological tests that the modified S. cerevisiae strains secreted higher amounts of the AMPs by comparison with the non-modified strain, inducing total death of D. bruxellensis during alcoholic fermentations.


Assuntos
Agentes de Controle Biológico , Brettanomyces , Dekkera , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia , Etanol/metabolismo , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Microrganismos Geneticamente Modificados , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Vinho/microbiologia
11.
J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol ; 46(2): 209-220, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539327

RESUMO

In the past few years, the yeast Dekkera bruxellensis has gained much of attention among the so-called non-conventional yeasts for its potential in the biotechnological scenario, especially in fermentative processes. This yeast has been regarded as an important competitor to Saccharomyces cerevisiae in bioethanol production plants in Brazil and several studies have reported its capacity to produce ethanol. However, our current knowledge concerning D. bruxellensis is restricted to its aerobic metabolism, most likely because wine and beer strains cannot grow in full anaerobiosis. Hence, the present work aimed to fulfil a gap regarding the lack of information on the physiology of Dekkera bruxellensis growing in the complete absence of oxygen and the relationship with assimilation of nitrate as nitrogen source. The ethanol strain GDB 248 was fully capable of growing anaerobically and produces ethanol at the same level of S. cerevisiae. The presence of nitrate in the medium increased this capacity. Moreover, nitrate is consumed faster than ammonium and this increased rate coincided with a higher speed of glucose consumption. The profile of gene expression helped us to figure out that even in anaerobiosis, the presence of nitrate drives the yeast cells to an oxidative metabolism that ultimately incremented both biomass and ethanol production. These results finally provide the clues to explain most of the success of this yeast in industrial processes of ethanol production.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Dekkera/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/metabolismo , Nitratos/metabolismo , Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo , Anaerobiose , Cerveja/microbiologia , Biomassa , Brasil , Dekkera/metabolismo , Fermentação , Manipulação de Alimentos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Glucose/metabolismo , Desidrogenase de Glutamato (NADP+)/genética , Desidrogenase de Glutamato (NADP+)/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , RNA Fúngico/genética , RNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Vinho/microbiologia
12.
Food Chem ; 276: 43-49, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409616

RESUMO

In response to growing concerns about the consumption of artificial sweeteners, the demand for natural sweeteners has recently increased. Mogroside V is a common natural sweetener extracted from the fruit of Siraitia grosvenorii, but its taste should be improved for marketability. Here, we screened various microbes for the ability to perform selective hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in mogroside V, converting it to siamenoside I, which has a higher sweetening power and better taste than other mogrosides. Dekkera bruxellensis showed the most promising results in the screen, and the Exg1 gene (coding for a ß-glucosidase) of D. bruxellensis was cloned and purified. We then used HPLC-MS/MS to assess the ß-glucosidase activity of purified enzymes on p-nitrophenyl ß-glucoside and mogroside V. The results demonstrated that D. bruxellensis had a unique enzyme that can selectively hydrolyze mogrol glycosides and promote the conversion of the natural sweetener mogroside V to siamenoside I.


Assuntos
Cerveja/microbiologia , Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Dekkera/metabolismo , Edulcorantes/metabolismo , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Biotransformação , Dekkera/enzimologia , Hidrólise , beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo
13.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 59(9): 1367-1391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29257912

RESUMO

The presence of 4-ethylphenol, 4-ethylguaiacol and 4-ethylcatechol in red wines affect negatively their aroma conferring horsy, barnyard, smoky and medicinal aromatic notes. These volatile phenols formed from free hydroxycinnamic acids and their ethyl esters by Dekkera/Brettanomyces yeasts, can contaminate wines. Their formation can cause serious negative economic impact to the wine industry worldwide as consumers tend to reject these wines. For these reasons various preventive and remedial treatments have been studied. This review summarises the wine microbial volatile phenols formation, preventive measures during winemaking and remedial treatments in finished wines along with their advantages and limitations for dealing with this sensory defect and impact on wine quality. Also it is important to control the levels of volatile phenols in wines using fast and convenient analytical methods namely with a detection limit below their olfactory perception threshold. The analytical methods available for quality control and performance characteristics as well their advantages and disadvantages when dealing with a complex matrix like wine are discussed in detail.


Assuntos
Brettanomyces/metabolismo , Catecóis/metabolismo , Dekkera/metabolismo , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Fenóis/metabolismo , Vinho/microbiologia , Catecóis/análise , Guaiacol/análise , Guaiacol/metabolismo , Fenóis/análise , Vinho/análise
14.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 365(21)2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30239698

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis is a spoilage yeast in wine and fuel ethanol fermentations able to produce volatile phenols from hydroxycinnamic acids by the action of the enzymes cinnamate decarboxylase (CD) and vinyphenol reductase (VR) in wine. However, there is no information about this ability in the bioethanol industry. This work evaluated CD and VR activities and 4-ethylphenol production from p-coumaric acid by three strains of D. bruxellensis and PE-2, an industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. Single and multiple-cycle batch fermentations in molasses and sugarcane juice were carried out. Dekkera bruxellensis strains showed similar CD activity but differences in VR activity. No production of 4-ethylphenol by S. cerevisiae in any fermentation system or media was observed. The concentrations of 4-ethylphenol peaked during active growth of D. bruxellensis in single-cycle fermentation but they were lower than in multiple-cycle fermentation. Higher concentrations were observed in molasses with molar conversion (p-coumaric acid to 4-ethylphenol) ranging from 45% to 85%. As the first report on 4-ethylphenol production in sugarcane musts by D. bruxellensis in industry-like conditions, it opens up a new avenue to investigate its effect on the viability and fermentative capacity of S. cerevisiae as well as to understand the interaction between the yeasts in the bioethanol industry.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Dekkera/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Fenóis/metabolismo , Brasil , Carboxiliases/análise , Cinamatos/metabolismo , Ácidos Cumáricos , Fermentação , Propionatos/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharum/metabolismo
15.
Yeast ; 35(10): 577-584, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30006941

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis is continuously changing its status in fermentation processes, ranging from a contaminant or spoiling yeast to a microorganism with potential to produce metabolites of biotechnological interest. In spite of that, several major aspects of its physiology are still poorly understood. As an acetogenic yeast, minimal oxygen concentrations are able to drive glucose assimilation to oxidative metabolism, in order to produce biomass and acetate, with consequent low yield in ethanol. In the present study, we used disulfiram to inhibit acetaldehyde dehydrogenase activity to evaluate the influence of cytosolic acetate on cell metabolism. D. bruxellensis was more tolerant to disulfiram than Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the use of different carbon sources revealed that the former yeast might be able to export acetate (or acetyl-CoA) from mitochondria to cytoplasm. Fermentation assays showed that acetaldehyde dehydrogenase inhibition re-oriented yeast central metabolism to increase ethanol production and decrease biomass formation. However, glucose uptake was reduced, which ultimately represents economical loss to the fermentation process. This might be the major challenge for future metabolic engineering enterprises on this yeast.


Assuntos
Acetatos/metabolismo , Dekkera/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Fermentação , Acetatos/análise , Aldeído Oxirredutases/antagonistas & inibidores , Carbono/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura , Dekkera/efeitos dos fármacos , Dissulfiram/farmacologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
16.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 111(9): 1661-1672, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29488182

RESUMO

The alcoholic fermentation for fuel ethanol production in Brazil occurs in the presence of several microorganisms present with the starter strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in sugarcane musts. It is expected that a multitude of microbial interactions may exist and impact on the fermentation yield. The yeast Dekkera bruxellensis and the bacterium Lactobacillus fermentum are important and frequent contaminants of industrial processes, although reports on the effects of both microorganisms simultaneously in ethanolic fermentation are scarce. The aim of this work was to determine the effects and interactions of both contaminants on the ethanolic fermentation carried out by the industrial yeast S. cerevisiae PE-2 in two different feedstocks (sugarcane juice and molasses) by running multiple batch fermentations with the starter yeast in pure or co-cultures with D. bruxellensis and/or L. fermentum. The fermentations contaminated with D. bruxellensis or L. fermentum or both together resulted in a lower average yield of ethanol, but it was higher in molasses than that of sugarcane juice. The decrease in the CFU number of S. cerevisiae was verified only in co-cultures with both D. bruxellensis and L. fermentum concomitant with higher residual sucrose concentration, lower glycerol and organic acid production in spite of a high reduction in the medium pH in both feedstocks. The growth of D. bruxellensis was stimulated in the presence of L. fermentum resulting in a more pronounced effect on the fermentation parameters than the effects of contamination by each microorganism individually.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis/microbiologia , Dekkera/metabolismo , Etanol , Fermentação , Microbiologia Industrial , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Ácido Acético , Brasil , Contagem de Células , Técnicas de Cocultura , Dekkera/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Glicerol , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Interações Microbianas , Melaço , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharum/metabolismo , Saccharum/microbiologia , Sacarose
17.
J Food Drug Anal ; 26(1): 163-171, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29389552

RESUMO

Polygonum cuspidatum is a widely grown crop with a rich source of polydatin (also called piceid) for resveratrol production. Resveratrol is produced from piceid via enzymatic cleavage of the sugar moiety of piceid. In this study, Dekkera bruxellensis mutants were selected based on their high p-nitrophenyl-ß-d-glucopyranoside and piceid conversion activities. The enzyme responsible for piceid conversion was a heterodimeric protein complex that was predominantly secreted to the extracellular medium and consisted of two subunits at an equal ratio with molecular masses of 30.5 kDa and 48.3 kDa. The two subunits were identified as SCW4p and glucan-ß-glucosidase precursor in D. bruxellensis. Both proteins were individually expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae exg1Δ mutants, which lack extracellular ß-glucosidase activity, to confirm each protein's enzymatic activities. Only the glucan-ß-glucosidase precursor was shown to be a secretory protein with piceid deglycosylation activity. Our pilot experiments of piceid bioconversion demonstrate the possible industrial applications for this glucan-ß-glucosidase precursor in the future.


Assuntos
Dekkera/metabolismo , Fermentação , Resveratrol/metabolismo , beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Ativação Enzimática , Espaço Extracelular/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Proteínas Recombinantes , Especificidade por Substrato , beta-Glucosidase/química
18.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 365(5)2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29385575

RESUMO

Dekkera bruxellensis is important for lambic beer fermentation but is considered a spoilage yeast in wine fermentation. We compared two D. bruxellensis strains isolated from wine and found that they differ in some basic properties, including osmotolerance. The genomes of both strains contain two highly similar copies of genes encoding putative glycerol-proton symporters from the STL family that are important for yeast osmotolerance. Cloning of the two DbSTL genes and their expression in suitable osmosensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants revealed that both identified genes encode functional glycerol uptake systems, but only DbStl2 has the capacity to improve the osmotolerance of S. cerevisiae cells.


Assuntos
Dekkera/fisiologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Glicerol/metabolismo , Osmorregulação/genética , Simportadores/metabolismo , Dekkera/genética , Dekkera/isolamento & purificação , Dekkera/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Teste de Complementação Genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Prótons , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Simportadores/genética , Vinho/microbiologia
19.
Yeast ; 35(3): 299-309, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29065215

RESUMO

In the last years several reports have reported the capacity of the yeast Dekkera (Brettanomyces) bruxellensis to survive and adapt to the industrial process of alcoholic fermentation. Much of this feature seems to relate to the ability to assimilate limiting sources of nutrients, or somehow some that are inaccessible to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in particular the sources of nitrogen. Among them, amino acids (AA) are relevant in terms of beverage musts, and could also be important for bioethanol. In view of the limited knowledge on the control of AA, the present work combines physiological and genetic studies to understand how it operates in D. bruxellensis in response to oxygen availibility. The results allowed separation of the AA in three groups of preferentiality and showed that glutamine is the preferred AA irrespective of the presence of oxygen. Glutamate and aspartate were also preferred AA in anaerobiosis, as indicated by the physiological data. Gene expression experiments showed that, apart from the conventional nitrogen catabolic repression mechanism that is operating in aerobiosis, there seems to be an oxygen-independent mechanism acting to overexpress key genes like GAP1, GDH1, GDH2 and GLT1 to ensure adequate anaerobic growth even in the presence of non-preferential nitrogen source. This could be of major importance for the industrial fitness of this yeast species.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Dekkera/metabolismo , Dekkera/enzimologia , Fermentação , Indústria Alimentícia , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica
20.
Food Chem ; 242: 591-600, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29037734

RESUMO

"Brett character" is a negative sensory attribute acquired by red wines when contaminating Dekkera/Brettanomyces yeasts produce 4-ethylphenol and 4-ethylguaiacol, known as volatile phenols (VPs), from cinnamic acid precursors. In this study, chitins and chitosans with different structural features, namely deacetylation degree (5-91%) and molecular weight (24-466kDa) were used for the reduction of this sensory defect. Chitins and chitosans decreased 7-26% of the headspace abundance of VPs without changing their amounts in wines. The efficiency of reduction increased with the deacetylation degree and applied dose. Reduction of headspace abundance of VPs by chitosans enabled significant decreases in the negative phenolic and bitterness attributes and increased positive fruity and floral attributes. Results show that chitosan with high deacetylation degrees, including fungal chitosan, which is already approved for use in wines, is an efficient approach for reducing the negative sensory impact of VPs in red wines.


Assuntos
Brettanomyces/metabolismo , Dekkera/metabolismo , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Fenóis/química , Vinho/análise , Adsorção , Quitosana/química , Guaiacol/química , Guaiacol/metabolismo , Humanos , Fenóis/metabolismo , Paladar , Vinho/microbiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...