Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.193
Filtrar
1.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 5: CD010136, 2024 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental pain can have a detrimental effect on quality of life. Symptomatic apical periodontitis and acute apical abscess are common causes of dental pain and arise from an inflamed or necrotic dental pulp, or infection of the pulpless root canal system. Clinical guidelines recommend that the first-line treatment for these conditions should be removal of the source of inflammation or infection by local operative measures, and that systemic antibiotics are currently only recommended for situations where there is evidence of spreading infection (cellulitis, lymph node involvement, diffuse swelling) or systemic involvement (fever, malaise). Despite this, there is evidence that dentists frequently prescribe antibiotics in the absence of these signs. There is concern that this could contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. This review is the second update of the original version first published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of systemic antibiotics provided with or without surgical intervention (such as extraction, incision and drainage of a swelling, or endodontic treatment), with or without analgesics, for symptomatic apical periodontitis and acute apical abscess in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (26 February 2018 (discontinued)), CENTRAL (2022, Issue 10), MEDLINE Ovid (23 November 2022), Embase Ovid (23 November 2022), CINAHL EBSCO (25 November 2022) and two trials registries, and performed a grey literature search. There were no restrictions on language or date of publication. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of systemic antibiotics in adults with a clinical diagnosis of symptomatic apical periodontitis or acute apical abscess, with or without surgical intervention (considered in this situation to be extraction, incision and drainage, or endodontic treatment) and with or without analgesics. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened the results of the searches against inclusion criteria, extracted data and assessed risk of bias. We used a fixed-effect model in the meta-analysis as there were fewer than four studies. We contacted study authors to request missing information. We used GRADE criteria to assess the certainty of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: There was one new completed trial on this topic since the last update in 2018. In total, we included three trials with 134 participants. Systemic antibiotics versus placebo with surgical intervention and analgesics for symptomatic apical periodontitis or acute apical abscess One trial (72 participants) compared the effects of a single preoperative dose of clindamycin versus a matched placebo when provided with a surgical intervention (endodontic chemo-mechanical debridement and filling) and analgesics to adults with symptomatic apical periodontitis. We assessed this study at low risk of bias. There were no differences in participant-reported pain or swelling across trial arms at any time point assessed. The median values for pain (numerical rating scale 0 to 10) were 3.0 in both groups at 24 hours (P = 0.219); 1.0 in the antibiotic group versus 2.0 in the control group at 48 hours (P = 0.242); and 0 in both groups at 72 hours and seven days (P = 0.116 and 0.673, respectively). The risk ratio of swelling when comparing preoperative antibiotic to placebo was 0.50 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.10 to 2.56; P = 0.41). The certainty of evidence for all outcomes in this comparison was low. Two trials (62 participants) compared the effects of a seven-day course of oral phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin VK) versus a matched placebo when provided with a surgical intervention (total or partial endodontic chemo-mechanical debridement) and analgesics to adults with acute apical abscess or symptomatic necrotic tooth. Participants in both trials also received oral analgesics. We assessed one study at high risk of bias and the other at unclear risk of bias. There were no differences in participant-reported pain or swelling at any time point assessed. The mean difference for pain (short ordinal numerical scale 0 to 3, where 0 was no pain) was -0.03 (95% CI -0.53 to 0.47) at 24 hours; 0.32 (95% CI -0.22 to 0.86) at 48 hours; and 0.08 (95% CI -0.38 to 0.54) at 72 hours. The standardised mean difference for swelling was 0.27 (95% CI -0.23 to 0.78) at 24 hours; 0.04 (95% CI -0.47 to 0.55) at 48 hours; and 0.02 (95% CI -0.49 to 0.52) at 72 hours. The certainty of evidence for all the outcomes in this comparison was very low. Adverse effects, as reported in two studies, were diarrhoea (one participant in the placebo group), fatigue and reduced energy postoperatively (one participant in the antibiotic group) and dizziness preoperatively (one participant in the antibiotic group). Systemic antibiotics without surgical intervention for adults with symptomatic apical periodontitis or acute apical abscess We found no studies that compared the effects of systemic antibiotics with a matched placebo delivered without a surgical intervention for symptomatic apical periodontitis or acute apical abscess in adults. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The evidence suggests that preoperative clindamycin for adults with symptomatic apical periodontitis results in little to no difference in participant-reported pain or swelling at any of the time points included in this review when provided with chemo-mechanical endodontic debridement and filling under local anaesthesia. The evidence is very uncertain about the effect of postoperative phenoxymethylpenicillin for adults with localised apical abscess or a symptomatic necrotic tooth when provided with chemo-mechanical debridement and oral analgesics. We found no studies which compared the effects of systemic antibiotics with a matched placebo delivered without a surgical intervention for symptomatic apical periodontitis or acute apical abscess in adults.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Abscesso Periapical , Periodontite Periapical , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto , Humanos , Doença Aguda , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Viés , Drenagem , Abscesso Periapical/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Periapical/cirurgia , Abscesso Periapical/terapia , Periodontite Periapical/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite Periapical/cirurgia , Periodontite Periapical/terapia , Odontalgia/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38791813

RESUMO

Exploring children's dental pain experiences helps to develop healthcare policies for improving oral health and quality of life. A cross-sectional study involved 300 parents/caregivers of four- to seven-year-old children using snowball sampling. Parents/caregivers self-completed an online questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, parenting styles, their child's oral hygiene practices, free sugar consumption, and dental history. The questionnaire was created using Google Forms and was disseminated to parents/caregivers via E-mail and/or WhatsApp©. Descriptive and Poisson regression analyses were performed (p < 0.05). Children's dental pain experience was reported by 20.3% of the parents. The authoritative parenting style was predominant. The child's mean age at the first consumption of sugar was 1.38 (±0.64) years, and 40.3% of the children had high-free sugar consumption. The mean age for the first dental appointment was 2.26 (±1.31) years, and 24.3% of the children never went to a dental appointment. The prevalence of dental pain experience was higher in children who attended their first dental appointment later (PR: 1.02; CI 95%: 1.01-1.03) and among those with high-free sugar consumption (PR: 1.90; CI 95%: 1.21-3.00). High sugar consumption and delay in the first dental appointment may increase the likelihood that children will experience dental pain.


Assuntos
Pais , Odontalgia , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pais/psicologia , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Prevalência
3.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 37-45, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755980

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to quantify the prevalence of and identify the factors associated with dental pain among elementary- and middle-school students in Mexico. An ecological study was carried out with data from the 2008 National School-based Student-Health Survey. Information on dental pain from schoolchildren (aged 5 to 16 years) was collected from public schools across the 32 states of Mexico. In the original study, a questionnaire was used to explore various factors that affect the oral and dental health status of schoolchildren. The outcome variable was the prevalence rate (for dental pain) reported at state level. Various contextual socioeconomic variables were included, in addition to dental caries. Analyses were performed using Stata software. 52.9% of interviewees were girls; 26.9% of male and female schoolchildren in Mexico experienced gum or dental pain during the period analyzed (95% Confidence Interval = 26.02, 27.77%); according to the Spearman correlation results, self-reported dental pain was unrelated (p > 0.05) to the socioeconomic and sociodemographic variables that make up the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the Human Development (HDI), as well as the marginalization and the Gini indices. However, the estimated percentages of self-reported dental pain and caries were positively correlated in the elementary- (r = 0.8958, p < 0.0001), middle-school (r = 0.8958, p < 0.0001) and total populations (r = 0.8542, p < 0.0001). Prevalence of self-reported dental pain was 28%, or about one in three, of the Mexican children and adolescents in the study sample. The state-level sociodemographic and socioeconomic risk indicators were not associated with the prevalence of dental pain. Self-reported caries was positively correlated with self-reported dental pain.


Assuntos
Autorrelato , Odontalgia , Humanos , México/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Adolescente , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Community Dent Health ; 41(2): 128-133, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Social media is a platform for sharing views on aspects of life, including oral health. This study aimed to characterize Facebook posts related to toothache information. METHODS: Two independent investigators retrieved 500 English-language posts with the highest level of interaction using CrowdTangleTM and analyzed their facticity, motivation, author's profile, content, sentiment, and type of post. Data were analysed descriptively and using Pearson's Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests and multiple logistic regression models. RESULTS: Most posts were produced by regular users and were not financially motivated, although commercial posts had significantly higher total interaction among users. While link- or video-containing posts (OR = 1.66) and posts with positive sentiments (OR = 1.53) were associated with users' total interaction, older (OR = 1.81) and link- or video-containing posts (OR = 2.04) were associated with overperforming scores. Misinformation was positively associated with financial motivation (OR = 2.03) and positive sentiments (OR = 3.79). CONCLUSION: This study highlights the importance of addressing the spread of misinformation related to oral health on social media and taking steps to ensure that accurate and reliable information is readily available. Toothache-related misinformation was associated with positive sentiments and financial motivation. Links, videos, and positive sentiments awakened greater user engagements with toothache-related posts.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Mídias Sociais , Odontalgia , Humanos , Odontalgia/psicologia , Motivação
5.
J Dent ; 145: 104981, 2024 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) and toothache in patients with Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH); and evaluate whether patients with MIH have greater likelihood of presenting DH/toothache than controls. DATA: Studies evaluating DH/toothache in patients with MIH were included. Studies focusing on other enamel defects were excluded. SOURCES: Eight databases, including grey literature, were searched in January 2024. STUDY SELECTION: The methodological quality of studies was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute checklist for Cross-sectional studies. Proportion and association meta-analyses, subgrouped by diagnostic methods, were conducted. The certainty of evidence was assessed using GRADE approach. RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included in the qualitative analysis and fourteen in the meta-analyses. Two studies fulfilled all items of the methodological quality checklist. The overall prevalence of DH/toothache among patients with MIH was 45 %. Prevalence rates of 30 %, 47 %, and 55 % were estimated based on proxy reports, self-reports, and air stimulation, respectively. The overall prevalence of DH/toothache per tooth was 22 %, ranging from 16 % to 29 % according to the diagnostic method. Patients with MIH demonstrated higher likelihood of presenting proxy reports of DH/toothache compared to those without MIH (OR: 1.51, 95 % CI [1.23-1.85], P < 0.01, I2: 0 %). The certainty of evidence was very low, mainly due to the low methodological quality of included studies and high inconsistency. CONCLUSIONS: The global prevalence of DH/toothache was 22 %, per tooth, and 45 % per patient. Estimates vary according to diagnostic methods. Patients with MIH showed higher likelihood of presenting proxy reports of DH/toothache than controls. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This systematic review contributes valuable information to the dental literature by assessing the prevalence and associated factors of DH/toothache in patients with MIH. The findings can guide future research, inform clinical practices and public policy makers, and ultimately improve the management of oral health of patients with MIH. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42023432805.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Odontalgia , Humanos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/epidemiologia , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Hipomineralização Molar
6.
Undersea Hyperb Med ; 51(1): 47-51, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615353

RESUMO

Barodontalgia, barometric pressure-induced dental pain, may occur during hyperbaric oxygen(HBO2) therapy due to pressure changes. This case report presents an 8-year-old male patient with barodontalgia. The patient declared a severe toothache during HBO2 therapy. The diving medicine specialist referred the patient to the dental clinician immediately. On clinical examination, the pain was thought to be caused by caries lesions of the deciduous teeth in the left maxillary molar region. Tooth extraction was suggested. After extraction, the patient continued hyperbaric oxygen therapy sessions without any pain. The patient was recommended for an intraoral and radiographic examination session one week after the extraction. In conclusion, caries lesions and faulty restorations should be examined before hyperbaric oxygen therapy sessions. Even though barodontalgia is a rare phenomenon, dental examination is essential to avoid these kinds of pain-related complications. All carious lesions and defective restorations must be treated, if necessary. Removal of faulty restorations and management of inflammation as part of the treatment is suggested before exposure to pressure changes.


Assuntos
Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Odontalgia , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Odontalgia/etiologia , Odontalgia/terapia , Pressão Atmosférica , Oxigênio , Inflamação
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673308

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate associations between the self-perceived dental treatment need and clinical factors, familial characteristics, and school context in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 746 students aged 15 to 19 years in a medium-sized city in Brazil. Data collection involved the use of a sociodemographic questionnaire, an oral health questionnaire, and the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scales (FACES III) instrument. Clinical examinations were performed by two trained and calibrated examiners (Kappa > 0.80) using the Nyvad criteria. A robust logistic regression analysis for complex samples was performed using a multilevel approach (α = 5%). The individual factors associated with the self-perceived treatment need were dental pain (OR = 1.08; 95% CI: 1.01-1.16), the loss of the first molars (OR = 1.09; 95% CI: 1.03-1.15), and disengaged family cohesion (OR = 1.15; 95% CI: 1.01-1.31). In terms of context, attending a public school was associated with the self-perceived treatment need (OR = 1.17; 95% CI: 1.02-1.33). Thus, the individual factors of toothache, tooth loss, and a disengaged family, as well as the school context, exerted an influence on the self-perceived treatment need.


Assuntos
Autoimagem , Humanos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde Bucal , Odontalgia/psicologia
8.
PeerJ ; 12: e17290, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650648

RESUMO

Background: Gas expansion in body cavities due to pressure changes at high altitudes can cause barodontalgia. This condition may compromise flight safety. Aim: To investigate relationships among barodontalgia awareness, dental visit frequency, and barodontalgia prevalence in civilian and military pilots operating at high altitudes. Materials and Methods: Civilian pilots from Turkish Airlines and military pilots from the Turkish Air Force, flying between November 2022 and January 2023, participated in this study. A 20-question survey was administered to 750 pilots, covering topics such as barodontalgia awareness, dental visit frequency, breaks after dental treatments, in-flight pain, and pain type and severity. The voluntary surveys were distributed by email. Results: Of the 750 pilots, 526 completed the survey; 61% were aware of barodontalgia, and 81% of pilots who had experienced it reported pain at altitudes <2000 feet. The study revealed higher barodontalgia awareness among pilots who had experienced it, with the highest prevalence among jet pilots. Pilots with barodontalgia also showed a higher frequency of dental visits (p < 0.001). Additionally, this group reported more frequent interruption of flight due to dental treatment (IFDT), more problems experienced in flights after treatment (PFAT), and higher instances of bruxism or teeth clenching during flight, suggesting stress and anxiety (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Barodontalgia, a type of pain linked to stress, significantly impacts pilot performance, and can threaten flight safety, even at lower altitudes. Thus, there is a need to educate pilots about stress management, barodontalgia awareness, and the importance of regular dental check-ups.


Assuntos
Altitude , Militares , Humanos , Turquia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Masculino , Adulto , Militares/psicologia , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/psicologia , Pilotos/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Aeroespacial , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
J Endod ; 50(1): 55-63, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379174

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the accuracy of a TMD Pain Screener questionnaire in identifying patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain among those seeking endodontic treatment for tooth pain. It also investigated whether the screener accuracy could be improved by adding questions regarding putative predictors of TMD status. METHODS: One hundred patients seeking endodontic treatment for tooth pain were enrolled. Participants completed the 6-question TMD Pain Screener before treatment. A board-certified orofacial pain specialist/endodontic resident conducted endodontic and TMD examinations using validated Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (DC/TMD). The sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), and positive/negative predictive values (PPVs/NPVs) were calculated for the 6-question and 3-question versions of the TMD Pain Screener. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analyses were performed to determine the screening accuracy. RESULTS: At the screening threshold of ≥3, TMD Pain Screener's sensitivity was 0.85, specificity 0.52, PPV 0.68, and NPV 0.75 for the 6-question version and 0.64, 0.65, 0.69, and 0.61, respectively, for the 3-question version. The AUROC was 0.71 (95% CL: 0.61, 0.82) and 0.60 (95% CL: 0.48, 0.71) for full and short versions, respectively. Adding a rating of current pain intensity of the chief complaint to the screener improved the AUROC to 0.81 (95% CL: 0.72, 0.89) and 0.77 (95% CL: 0.67, 0.86) for full and short versions, respectively, signifying useful overall accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: The 6-question TMD Pain Screener, combined with the patient's rating of current pain intensity of the chief complaint, could be recommended for use in endodontic patients with tooth pain for detecting painful TMD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Odontalgia , Humanos , Odontalgia/diagnóstico , Odontalgia/etiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/etiologia , Exame Físico , Medição da Dor
10.
J Can Dent Assoc ; 90: o2, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350017

RESUMO

Patients with recurrent or persistent dentoalveolar pain usually believe that endodontic treatment or extracting a tooth will alleviate it, and most cannot conceive that the pain might not be tooth related. Understanding that dental procedures of any kind will be ineffective when a tooth-related pathology is ruled out and that a nonodontogenic etiology best explains the "toothache" pain goes against their beliefs. In this article, we present an overview of basic concepts to help manage such cases by briefly outlining possible causes of nonodontogenic pain as well as diagnostic pitfalls that may lead to questionable treatments. The decision to provide dental treatment is justified only when definitive peripheral mechanisms driving the pain are uncovered and the multitude of factors that might contribute to the various presentations of persistent dental pain have been considered. Otherwise, patients might be managed with treatments that are not the norm for those with unremitting tooth pain in general dental practice. We also make suggestions for clinicians to assure that patients with recurrent or persistent dental pain receive a thorough work-up that considers odontogenic and nonodontogenic sources to arrive at the correct diagnosis before treatment, taking psychosocial factors into account when devising the treatment plan.


Assuntos
Dente , Odontalgia , Humanos , Odontalgia/etiologia , Odontalgia/terapia , Odontalgia/diagnóstico
11.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 155(2): 102-117.e9, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A panel convened by the American Dental Association Science and Research Institute, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Pennsylvania conducted systematic reviews and meta-analyses and formulated evidence-based recommendations for the pharmacologic management of acute dental pain after simple and surgical tooth extraction(s) and for the temporary management (ie, definitive dental treatment not immediately available) of toothache associated with pulp and periapical diseases in adolescents, adults, and older adults. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The panel conducted 4 systematic reviews to determine the effect of opioid and nonopioid analgesics, local anesthetics, corticosteroids, and topical anesthetics on acute dental pain. The panel used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach to assess the certainty of the evidence and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation Evidence-to-Decision Framework to formulate recommendations. RESULTS: The panel formulated recommendations and good practice statements using the best available evidence. There is a beneficial net balance favoring the use of nonopioid medications compared with opioid medications. In particular, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs alone or in combination with acetaminophen likely provide superior pain relief with a more favorable safety profile than opioids. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Nonopioid medications are first-line therapy for managing acute dental pain after tooth extraction(s) and the temporary management of toothache. The use of opioids should be reserved for clinical situations when the first-line therapy is insufficient to reduce pain or there is contraindication of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Clinicians should avoid the routine use of just-in-case prescribing of opioids and should exert extreme caution when prescribing opioids to adolescents and young adults.


Assuntos
Dor Aguda , Analgésicos Opioides , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Idoso , Adolescente , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Odontalgia/tratamento farmacológico , American Dental Association , Dor Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Academias e Institutos
12.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 155(2): 190, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325971
14.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(1): 138-143, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38239166

RESUMO

A significant portion of the world's population suffers from blindness. Despite being a vital part of systemic health, oral health is neglected in such a population. The present study aimed to determine the oral health status of blind individuals in north India and to identify the factors affecting it. Sixty-nine blind students from a local school for the visually impaired were included in the study. A questionnaire was used to record the basic demographic details and oral habits, followed by an oral examination by a single trained dentist to record dental caries, periodontal status and dental trauma. The prevalence of Dental caries was 63.8% (mean 1.43 ± 1.61). Gingival bleeding on probing (BOP) was found in 60.9% of individuals. Dental trauma prevalence was 23.2%, and harmful oral habits were found in 31.9% of individuals. Individuals experiencing a toothache in the last year had a 1.784 times higher risk of dental caries than those who didn't experience a toothache. Individuals having acquired blindness are 2.411 times more prone to dental trauma in comparison to those suffering from congenital blindness. Blind individuals have poor oral health. Toothache in the last one year is an important risk factor for dental caries in such individuals. Acquired blindness makes a person more susceptible to dental trauma than congenital blindness.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Odontalgia , Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cegueira/etiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 155(1): 79-88, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37389534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas of parapharyngeal space often have complex manifestations, posing a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old man sought treatment for a 4-month history of unresolving right-sided headache and jaw pain associated with syncope, all of which started with a toothache. Since the onset of pain, the patient had undergone multiple diagnostic tests with various specialists, with no pain relief. A detailed clinical and radiologic examination by an orofacial pain specialist revealed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the parapharynx. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: A thorough knowledge of the head and neck anatomy helps in identifying the pathophysiology of complex orofacial pain manifestations, which assists in early diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Cefaleia , Linfoma , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/etiologia , Dor Facial/terapia , Odontalgia/etiologia , Linfoma/complicações , Síncope/etiologia , Síncope/complicações
16.
Community Dent Health ; 41(1): 20-26, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37988670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients' preference for extraction or preservation for toothache and hypothetical anterior tooth pain along with the specific reason for their choice. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical semi-structured interview study. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 703 adult dental outpatients visiting secondary and tertiary government health centres with toothache due to dental caries in Eastern India. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients preferring restorative or extraction services for toothache, specific reason, and socio-demographic background factors for anterior and posterior teeth. RESULTS: Half (50.1%) choose preservation for present toothache and 79.9% for hypothetical front tooth pain. Immediate relief from toothache for extraction and the motive to preserve natural teeth for preservation were the main reasons expressed. In logistic regression, participants preferring extraction were more likely to be aged 25-34 years (OR = 1.94), 55+ years (OR=33.32), have primary and below education level (OR=1.99), have had a previous extraction (OR=1.99) and be unaware of preservation options (OR=2.34). For assumed anterior tooth pain, those between 25-34 years (OR=0.39) were more likely to choose preservation. Participants with primary and below education levels (OR=1.99) and unaware of preservation options (OR=1.95) chose extraction of the front tooth irrespective of their choice of treatment for the present toothache. CONCLUSION: Notable differences between the choices to preserve or extract a posterior tooth were not found. There was greater preference towards preserving anterior teeth. Future research should identify additional barriers to the preference and utilization of restorative services.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adulto , Humanos , Odontalgia/terapia , Extração Dentária , Preferência do Paciente , Estudos Transversais
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240322, 2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553429

RESUMO

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the association between oral health and academic performance and/or school absenteeism. Methods: Electronic searches were performed of the PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS and LILACS/BVS databases. We included observational studies that evaluated the association between dental caries, tooth loss, dental pain or oral health status with school absenteeism or academic performance. The studies had to contain a representative sample of the population: schoolchildren, children or adolescents. After the removal of duplicates, the electronic searches produced 3,789 articles. Of these, 25 studies were included in the systematic review and 13 in the meta-analysis. Results: Considering all the studies evaluated in the meta-analysis, seven articles satisfied 100% of the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal checklist, and six contained between 90% and 75% positive answers. The pooled effects showed that the chances of school absenteeism were 31% higher in subjects with dental caries (OR 1.31; 95%CI 1.12-1.54). Students with fair/poor dental health had a 50% higher chance of suffering poor academic performance (OR 1.50; 95%CI 1.22-1.84) and 34% higher chance of having problems at school (OR 1.34; 95%CI 1.06-1.70). Students with a history of toothache had a 3.7 higher chance of being absent from school (OR 6.65; 95%CI 1.60-8.32) and 71% higher chance of missing class due to toothache (OR 1.71; 95%CI 1.15-2.56). Subjects with a history of toothache had a 2.5 times higher chance of suffering poor academic performance (OR 2.58; 95% CI 2.04-3.27). Conclusion: Therefore, students with oral problems were more likely to take time off school and present inferior academic performance


Assuntos
Odontalgia , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária , Absenteísmo , Desempenho Acadêmico
18.
J Endod ; 50(3): 336-343, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38147909

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accurately diagnosing the state of dental pulp is crucial when addressing tooth pain to determine the best treatment approach. This study aimed to investigate the concentration of inflammatory mediators in the dental pulp of mature teeth that have been exposed via caries but show no signs of apical periodontitis. METHODS: Samples of pulpal blood from adults with mature teeth responsive to pulp testing and have carious pulp exposures were obtained. These samples were analyzed for 12 inflammatory cytokines and other inflammatory proteins using the Luminex assay platform. Clinical factors were correlated with cytokine levels, and statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of these factors on cytokine expression. RESULTS: Of the 36 patients that were included, 44.44% took pain medications, 33.33% had prolonged pulpal bleeding, 41.67% felt spontaneous pain, and 72.22% were diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Significant correlations existed between presenting pain scores and levels of interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-6, and IL-8 (P < .05). Factors like analgesic medication intake, pain to percussion, pain to thermal testing, spontaneous pain, and nocturnal pain were significantly associated with higher levels of specific inflammatory proteins. No significant associations were observed with pain to palpation, bleeding time, or pulpal diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Inflammatory proteins, including cytokine levels may play a critical role in characterizing pulpal inflammation. Future studies should investigate the role of these potential biomarkers in determining the diagnosis of pulpitis and the prognosis of vital pulp therapy.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Adulto , Humanos , Pulpite/diagnóstico , Mediadores da Inflamação , Inflamação , Odontalgia/diagnóstico , Citocinas , Polpa Dentária
19.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33232, 26 dez. 2023. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1524374

RESUMO

Introduction: Self-medication consists of selecting and using medication without a poprescription or guidance from a healthcare professional. This practice has been widely reported worldwide, which has contributed to a series of adverse health outcomes, such as delayed diagnosis, worsening of clinical conditions, drug interactions, intoxication, and adverse reactions, which tend to compromise patient safety. Objective:To analyze the prevalence of self-medication associated with toothache, the main factors associated with self-medication in dental patients, as well as outline the profile of medications used by these individuals, the preferred route of administration, and the main sources of medication.Methodology:Asystematic review was developed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Relevant articles published in the last ten years, without limitations of language were searched using the following descriptors/MeSHterms and keywords: "self-medication" and (toothache or "dental pain") not Child. Results:The initial search returned 61 manuscripts. Fourteen papers, all cross-sectional studies, were eligible for inclusion in the systematic review.Conclusions:The prevalence of self-medication for toothache ranged from 6.5% to 100.0%. Cultural and economic factors, barriers to access, the high cost of dental treatments, lack of time and money, and the perception that dental problems are not a serious problem are among the main factors associated with the practice. Regarding the drugs used, the most used classes were paracetamol, especially anti-inflammatory drugs, particularly ibuprofen, and analgesics administered orally (AU).


Introdução:A automedicação consiste na escolha e uso de medicamentos sem prescrição ou orientação de um profissional de saúde. Essa prática tem sido amplamente divulgada em todo o mundo, o que tem contribuído para uma série de desfechos adversos à saúde, como atraso no diagnóstico, piora do quadro clínico, interações medicamentosas, intoxicações e reações adversas, que tendem a comprometer a segurança do paciente. Objetivo:Analisar a prevalência da automedicação associada à dor de dente, os principais fatores associados à automedicação em pacientes odontológicos, bem como traçar o perfil dos medicamentos utilizados por esses indivíduos, a via preferencial de administração e as principais fontes de medicação. Metodologia:Uma revisão sistemática foi desenvolvida de acordo com os itens de relatório preferidos para revisões sistemáticas e meta-análises (PRISMA). Foram pesquisados artigos relevantes publicados nos últimos dez anos, sem limitação de linguagem, utilizando os seguintes descritores/MeSHterms e palavras-chave: "self-medication" e (toothache or "dental pain") não Child. Resultados:A busca inicial encontrou61manuscritos. Quatorze artigos, de delineamento transversal,foram considerados elegíveis e incluídos para a revisão.Conclusões:A prevalência de automedicação para dor de dente variou de 6,5% a 100,0%. Fatores culturais e econômicos, barreiras de acesso, alto custo dos tratamentos odontológicos, falta de tempo e dinheiro e a percepção de que os problemas odontológicos não são um problema grave estão entre os principais fatores associados à prática. Em relação aos medicamentos utilizados, as classes mais utilizadas foram o paracetamol, principalmente os anti-inflamatórios, principalmente o ibuprofeno, e os analgésicos por via oral (AU).


Introducción: La automedicación consiste en seleccionar y utilizar medicamentos sin receta ni orientación de un profesional sanitario. Esta práctica ha sido ampliamente reportada a nivel mundial, lo que ha contribuido a una serie de resultados adversos para la salud, como retraso en el diagnóstico, empeoramiento de las condiciones clínicas, interacciones medicamentosas, intoxicaciones y reacciones adversas, que tienden a comprometer la seguridad del paciente.Objetivo: Analizar la prevalencia de automedicación asociada al dolor de muelas, los principales factores asociados a la automedicación en pacientes odontológicos, así como delinear el perfil de medicamentos utilizados por estos individuos, la vía de administración preferida y las principales fuentes de medicación. Metodología: Se desarrolló una revisión sistemática de acuerdo con los Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Se buscaron artículos relevantes publicados en los últimos diez años, sin limitaciones de idioma, utilizando los siguientes descriptores/MeSHterms y palabras clave: "self-medication" y (toothache or "dental pain") not Child. Resultados: La búsqueda inicial arrojó 61 manuscritos. Catorce artículos, todos estudios transversales, fueron elegibles para su inclusión en la revisión sistemática.Conclusiones: La prevalencia de automedicación para el dolor de muelas osciló entre 6,5% y 100,0%. Los factoresculturales y económicos, las barreras de acceso, el alto costo de los tratamientos dentales, la falta de tiempo y dinero, y la percepción de que los problemas dentales no son un problema grave se encuentran entre los principales factores asociados con la práctica. En cuanto a los fármacos utilizados, las clases más utilizadas fueron el paracetamol, especialmente los antiinflamatorios, especialmente el ibuprofeno, y los analgésicos por vía oral (AU).


Assuntos
Automedicação , Odontalgia , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Uso de Medicamentos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37835077

RESUMO

The postmortem identification of people without an identity is performed either by using DNA, dental charts, or fingerprints (until advanced decomposition prevents their study). The lack of forensic dentists who can conduct identifications lead us to reflect on the use of digital technology in this area. The aim of this study was to validate the organizational capacity of using teledentistry for the identification of bodies in a forensic medicine department. A mixed observational study was conducted on 55 cases between July 2020 and February 2021 in the Forensic Medicine and Thanatology Department of Montpellier University Hospital. The protocol was structured in five steps: an initial interview with the agent (a forensic autopsy technician/caregiver specialized in forensic medicine), regarding the idea they had in terms of using telemedicine in their daily practice; agent training in the telemedicine system; realization of a clinical examination using an intra-oral camera by the agent; data analysis by a dental surgeon; final interview with the agent. The study was conducted on 55 subjects. The average age was 54 years old, with more than two-thirds of the patients being male (69%). The videos had an average duration of 29 min. There was an increase in visit duration when rigidity was high; this was also the case when there were many dental specificities in the oral cavity. The quality of the videos was either good or excellent. This study showed that remote identification could be considered as a new non-invasive identification tool. Many features were analyzed to create a training guide for forensic institutes.


Assuntos
Telemedicina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Medicina Legal , Autopsia , Odontalgia , Exame Físico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...