Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.260
Filtrar
1.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 720, 2024 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38909189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dissolution of dental calculus, safely and at home, is among the more challenging issues facing the over-the-counter healthcare industry. Pontis Biologics, Inc. has developed novel model of calculus development and structure and has formulated a dentifrice (Tartarase™) using digestive enzymes as active ingredients that is shown to dissolve dental calculus in this Proof of Principle clinical trial. METHODS: This investigation was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel enzyme formulation to remove existing calculus deposits in 4 weeks, measured using the Volpe-Manhold Index (V-MI) on lingual surfaces of 6 lower anterior teeth. The test formulation was compared to Crest Cavity Protection, as a control dentifrice. A total of 40 randomized test subjects began the study with 20 assigned to the control dentifrice and 20 assigned to the Tartarase groups (ten each, one brushing with Tartarase twice daily and one brushed with Tartarase and wore a dental tray filled with Tartarase for 30 min then brushed again with Tartarase, once daily). RESULTS: The Crest group experienced a 12% increase in calculus, in contrast to the results of both Tartarase groups that experienced a 40% reduction in calculus in 4 weeks of unsupervised at home use of the Tartarase toothpaste formulation. CONCLUSIONS: This proof of principle study demonstrates that a dentifrice, formulated along the lines of the Tartarase material, is capable of combating calculus accumulation using the same oral hygiene habits that are common worldwide. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered retrospectively at clinicaltrials.gov and has the Unique Identification Number: NCT06139835, 14/11/2023.


Assuntos
Cálculos Dentários , Dentifrícios , Humanos , Cálculos Dentários/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escovação Dentária , Estudo de Prova de Conceito
2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(7): 379, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Longitudinal assessment of the role of specific proteins on radiotherapy caries (RC) onset in head and neck cancer patients(HNC) up to one-year post-IMRT using a 5000ppm fluoride paste daily. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental status/salivary protein data were obtained from 40 HNC patients pre-IMRT, six months (T1) and 12 months (T2) post-IMRT (ethical approval/consent). DMFT/salivary parameters were quantified, including flow rate, mucin 5B/7, Immunoglobulin A (IgA), cystatin S and α-amylase. RESULTS: 45% patients had at least one carious lesion at T2, a significant reduction in the number of remaining teeth (65% <21), salivary flow rate (< 50%) and, protein secretion (< 0.05) post-IMRT. T1 IgA concentration/secretion rate was associated with RC (p < 0.05). Finally, IgA and total protein concentration obtained at T1 could provide a predictive pattern (AUC 82.3%) for the patients more predisposed to developing RC at T2. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the significant association of RC with salivary proteins in HNC patients treated with IMRT, revealing the potential role of salivary proteins in the early diagnosis of RC. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This research contributes to revealing salivary proteins association with RC, and its role in early diagnosis. Therefore, this could be the first step towards personalized medicine approaches to improve this group quality-of-life.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentifrícios , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Masculino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Longitudinais , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Índice CPO , Imunoglobulina A/análise , Saliva/metabolismo
3.
Am J Dent ; 37(3): 126-130, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38899991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the antimicrobial activity of dentifrices based on Malva sylvestris and propolis and the effect on the acrylic resin. METHODS: The inhibitory effect against Candida albicans, Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus mutans was determined. The specimens of resin were divided into groups: Control (brushing with distilled water); brushing with Colgate; brushing with Protex; brushing with Malvatricin, brushing with Proporalcare Dental Gel and brushing with Green Propolis Dental Gel. Brushing was carried out in a brushing machine. Roughness and color were assessed. The data were analyzed by ANOVA, followed by the Bonferroni post test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: The products evaluated showed antimicrobial activity against all microorganisms (P< 0.05), except Proporalcare Dental Gel, which was not effective against E. faecalis. Greater roughness (P< 0.05) was observed in the samples treated with Colgate. The samples from control and Protex groups showed the lowest color variation and the highest luminosity, with a difference in relation to the others (P< 0.05), which showed higher values, although clinically acceptable. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The dentifrices based on natural products can be indicated for cleaning prostheses, since they showed antimicrobial activity and did not cause perceptible color changes of the resin tested. The dentifrices did not produce adverse effects on the surface of the resin or did so less than the conventional dentifrice.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas , Candida albicans , Dentifrícios , Bases de Dentadura , Streptococcus mutans , Dentifrícios/farmacologia , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Própole/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Teste de Materiais , Cor , Humanos , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Escovação Dentária , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia , Cremes Dentais/química , Ácido Silícico
4.
J Dent ; 146: 105038, 2024 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This laboratory study assessed the performance of a novel fluoride dentifrice containing micro-fibrillated cellulose (MFC) and entrapped silica. METHODS: Removal of extrinsic stains was assessed using the pellicle cleaning ratio (PCR) method, and radioactive dentin abrasivity (RDA) was measured, to calculate a cleaning efficiency index (CEI). Fluoride efficacy was evaluated using widely used remineralization and fluoride uptake methods. The test product (Protegera™) was compared to common dentifrices (Crest - Cavity Protection™ and ProHealth™, Sensodyne Pronamel™, Arm & Hammer™ Advanced Whitening, Crest ProHealth™, and Colgate Optic White™). RESULTS: The PCR for the MFC dentifrice (141) was comparable to three known marketed stain-removing dentifrices (Arm & Hammer™ Advanced Whitening, Crest ProHealth™, and Colgate Optic White™) but it had a significantly lower RDA (88 ± 6) than 5 other products. This gave it the highest CEI of the tested products (2.0). In a 10-day pH cycling study, the fluoride efficacy of the MFC product was comparable to Sensodyne Pronamel and Crest Cavity Protection. The MFC dentifrice was superior for promoting fluoride uptake into incipient enamel lesions compared to the USP reference dentifrice. CONCLUSION: The MFC dentifrice has low abrasion, but despite this, it is highly effective in removing stained pellicle. It also is an efficacious fluoride source when compared to relevant commercially available fluoride dentifrices with high dentin abrasivity. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The addition of micro-fibrillated cellulose to a fluoride dentifrice gives a low abrasive product that can effectively remove external stains, and serve as an effective fluoride source. This combination of benefits seems well suited to enamel protection and caries prevention.


Assuntos
Celulose , Dentifrícios , Dentina , Abrasão Dentária , Descoloração de Dente , Remineralização Dentária , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Dentifrícios/química , Descoloração de Dente/prevenção & controle , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Abrasão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/química , Película Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Dióxido de Silício/química , Teste de Materiais , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico , Cremes Dentais/química , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico
5.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 101-105, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704853

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of toothbrushing with conventional and whitening dentifrices on the color difference (ΔE00), gloss (Δgloss), and surface roughness (SR) of stained stabilized zirconia with 5 mol% of yttrium oxide (5Y-TZP) after polishing or glazing. METHODS: Specimens were divided into four groups (n=20): C (control), S (staining), SG (staining and glazing) and SP (staining and polishing). 50,000 toothbrushing cycles were performed with conventional (n=10) and whitening (n= 10) dentifrice slurries. The ΔE00 and Δgloss were measured using a spectrophotometer and CIEDE2000 system while SR was measured by laser confocal microscope. The ΔE00 and Δgloss data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA, and SR data were analyzed using the linear repeated measures model, with Bonferroni's complementary test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: The ΔE00 values were beyond the acceptability threshold and no differences were found among the groups. There was no difference among groups to Δgloss after toothbrushing with conventional dentifrice while SP presented the highest values of Δgloss after toothbrushing with whitening dentifrice. Conventional dentifrice decreased the SR of stained groups and whitening dentifrice decreased SR of S and SG. The toothbrushing with conventional and whitening dentifrices promoted color difference, but did not impair gloss and surface roughness of stained 5Y-TZP. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Monolithic zirconia has been routinely used for esthetic restorations, however the type of finishing procedures that is carried out on it must be taken into consideration, in addition to the fact that brushing can influence the color difference of the material as well as interfere with surface roughness and gloss.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Propriedades de Superfície , Escovação Dentária , Zircônio , Zircônio/química , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Cor , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Ítrio/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Espectrofotometria , Microscopia Confocal
6.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 32: e20230397, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695444

RESUMO

Specific products containing natural resources can contribute to the innovation of complete denture hygiene. OBJECTIVE: To conduct an in vitro evaluation of experimental dentifrices containing essential oils of Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth (BvK), Copaifera officinalis (Co), Eucalyptus citriodora (Ec), Melaleuca alternifolia (Ma) and Pinus strobus (Ps) at 1%. METHODOLOGY: The variables evaluated were organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics, abrasiveness (mechanical brushing machine) simulating 2.5 years, and microbial load (Colony Forming Units - CFU/mL), metabolic activity (XTT assay) and cell viability (Live/Dead® BacLight™ kit) of the multispecies biofilm (Streptococcus mutans: Sm, Staphylococcus aureus: Sa, Candida albicans: Ca and Candida glabrata: Cg). Specimens of heat-polymerized acrylic resins (n=256) (n=96 specimens for abrasiveness, n=72 for microbial load count, n=72 for biofilm metabolic activity, n=16 for cell viability and total biofilm quantification) with formed biofilm were divided into eight groups for manual brushing (20 seconds) with a dental brush and distilled water (NC: negative control), Trihydral (PC: positive control), placebo (Pl), BvK, Co, Ec, Ma or Ps. After brushing, the specimens were washed with PBS and immersed in Letheen Broth medium, and the suspension was sown in solid specific medium. The organoleptic characteristics were presented by descriptive analysis. The values of density, pH, consistency and viscosity were presented in a table. The data were analyzed with the Wald test in a generalized linear model, followed by the Kruskal-Wallis test, Dunn's test (mass change) and the Bonferroni test (UFC and XTT). The Wald test in Generalized Estimating Equations and the Bonferroni test were used to analyze cell viability. RESULTS: All dentifrices showed stable organoleptic characteristics and adequate physicochemical properties. CN, Ec, Ps, Pl and PC showed low abrasiveness. There was a significant difference between the groups (p<0.001) for microbial load, metabolic activity and biofilm viability. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the BvK, Ec and Ps dentifrices are useful for cleaning complete dentures, as they have antimicrobial activity against biofilm. The dentifrices containing Bowdichia virgilioides Kunth showed medium abrasiveness and should be used with caution.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Dentifrícios , Prótese Total , Teste de Materiais , Óleos Voláteis , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentifrícios/farmacologia , Dentifrícios/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Prótese Total/microbiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escovação Dentária , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Variância , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Valores de Referência , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Resinas Acrílicas/farmacologia
7.
Arch Oral Biol ; 163: 105981, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: An ex-vivo study was aimed at (i) programming clinically validated robot three-year random toothbrushing, (ii) evaluating cervical macro- and microwear patterns on all tooth groups of different functional age, (iii) documenting and codificating wear related morphological features at the cemento-enamel junction in young teeth and on roots in older teeth. DESIGN: Following ethical approval random toothbrushing (44 strokes per tooth horizontally, rotating, vertically; 2x/d) with manual toothbrushes and low-abrasive dentifrice was performed in an artificial oral cavity with brushing-force 3.5 N on 14 extracted human teeth. Morphological features were examined by SEM at baseline and after simulated 3 years using the replication technique. 3D-SEM analyses were carried out with a four-quadrant back scattered electron detector. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney-test was used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: 3-year random toothbrushing with horizontal, rotating and vertical brushing movements revealed morphological features classified as four enamel patterns, one dentin pattern and three cervical patterns. Negative impacts were enamel, cementum and dentin loss. Positive impact on oral health was removing dental calculus and straightening cervical traumatic and iatrogenic damages. The volume loss varied from x̅=34.25nl to x̅=87.75nl. Wear extended apically from 100 to 1500 micrometres. CONCLUSION: Robot simulated toothbrushing in an artificial oral cavity, with subsequent SEM and 3D-SEM assessment, elucidated both negative and oral health-contributing micromorphology patterns of cervical wear after simulated 3-year random toothbrushing. Cervical macro- and microwear of cementum revealed, for the first time, what we describe as overhanging enamel peninsulas and enamel islands on roots in young teeth, but no enamel islands on roots from older teeth after root cementum loss. In contrast, many older teeth exhibited enamel peninsulas.


Assuntos
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Robótica , Colo do Dente , Desgaste dos Dentes , Escovação Dentária , Humanos , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia , Colo do Dente/patologia , Esmalte Dentário , Cemento Dentário/patologia , Dentina , Dentifrícios , Técnicas In Vitro
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(1): 9-15, jan.-abr. 2024.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553247

RESUMO

A evolução dos tratamentos em implantodontia possibilitou uma mudança nos tratamentos reabilitadores para pacientes edêntulos, tornando possível a colocação de próteses fixas, que proporcionam maior qualidade de vida para estes pacientes. Para que estas próteses tenham bom desempenho e longevidade satisfatórios é essencial que se mantenha um padrão adequado de higienização bucal e manutenção profissional. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma revisão de literatura a respeito dos principais recursos disponíveis para higienização e manutenção das próteses totais fixas sobre implante (protocolo de Branemark), tanto nos cuidados domiciliares dos pacientes quanto no atendimento profissional do cirurgião dentista. Foi realizada uma busca eletrônica, não sistemática, nas bases de dados Lilacs, Pubmed/Medline, Scielo e ScienceDirect, cruzando-se os seguintes descritores: "Higiene Oral"; "Implantes Dentários"; "Implantação Dentária"; "Manutenção"; "Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante" e "Prótese Dentária". Foram consultados artigos de revisão de literatura, revisão sistemática, meta-análise, estudos clínicos randomizados, além de livros pertinentes ao assunto, publicados no período de 1995 a 2022.Verificou-se na literatura disponível que os principais instrumentos indicados para uso domiciliar são escova dental, fio dental, escova interdental, irrigador oral, dentifrício e enxaguatório. No atendimento profissional em consultório odontológico deve ser dispendida atenção especial às instruções passadas ao paciente e também fazer o possível para motivar e encorajar o seu engajamento na rotina de higienização, além do acompanhamento periodontal, possíveis substituições de parafusos e instalação de placa oclusal estabilizadora, quando necessário. Manter uma higiene oral adequada é essencial para o sucesso das próteses fixas sobre implantes e o cirurgião dentista desempenha um papel crucial não apenas ao realizar o acompanhamento periódico do paciente, mas também ao sugerir os instrumentos mais apropriados, instruir sobre a higiene oral adequada e motivar o paciente a manter a saúde bucal satisfatória(AU)


The evolution of treatments in implantology has enable a change in rehabilitation treatments for edentulous patients, making it possible to place fixed prostheses that provide a better quality of life for these patients. In order to ensure good performance and satisfactory longevity, it is essential to maintain an appropriate standard of oral hygiene and professional maintenance. Thus, the objective of this work was to conduct a literature review on the main resources available for cleaning and maintenance of complete fixed prostheses on implants (Branemark protocol), both in the patients' home care and in the professional care provided by the dentist. A nonsystematic electronic search was carried out in the Lilacs, Pubmed/Medline, Scielo, and ScienceDirect databases, crossing the following descriptors: "Oral Hygiene"; "Dental Implants"; "Dental Implantation"; "Maintenance"; "Dental Prosthesis, ImplantSupported"; and "Prosthodontics". Literature review articles, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized clinical studies, and relevant books on the subject published from 1995 to 2022 were consulted. The literature available indicates that the main instruments recommended for home care are toothbrush, dental floss, interdental brush, oral irrigator, toothpaste, and mouthwash. In the professional dental office, special attention should be given to the instructions given to the patient, as well as to motivate and encourage their engagement in the hygiene routine, in addition to periodontal monitoring, possible screw replacements, and installation of an occlusal splint when necessary. Maintaining adequate oral hygiene is essential for the success of fixed prostheses on implants, and the dentist plays a crucial role, not only in providing periodic patient follow-up, but also in suggesting the most appropriate instruments, instructing on adequate oral hygiene, and motivating the patient to maintain satisfactory oral health(AU)


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Odontologia Preventiva , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/métodos , Dentifrícios , Odontólogos , Antissépticos Bucais
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 230, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of using a 0.454% stannous fluoride-containing dentifrice twice daily in relieving dentinal hypersensitivity (DH) in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-centre, randomized, controlled, examiner-blind, three-treatment-arm, parallel-group study in participants with clinically diagnosed DH. Subjects who met inclusion criteria (n = 197) were randomly allocated into 3 groups: test group (n = 66)-using a 0.454% stannous fluoride-containing dentifrice twice daily; positive control group (n = 64)-using a 5.0% calcium sodium phosphosilicate-containing dentifrice twice daily; negative control group (n = 67)-using a 1150 ppm of NaF dentifrice twice daily. Status of DH was assessed at week 4 and week 8 by the same independent examiner. Changes from baseline in Schiff sensitivity score, tactile threshold and Dentine Hypersensitivity Experience Questionnaire (DHEQ) score were analysed using analysis of covariance models. The DHEQ evaluated subject-perceived oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). RESULTS: Statistically significant improvements in mean Schiff scores (p < 0.0001 for all products at Weeks 4 and 8), tactile threshold (p < 0.0001 for test and negative control at Weeks 4 and 8: Week 4 p = 0.0040 and Week 8 p < 0.0001 for positive control) and all DHEQ scores (p < 0.01 for all groups) were observed. No statistically significant differences were observed in the adjusted mean between all dentifrices at both timepoints, potentially driven by a placebo effect. Forty-two treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported (n = 32 subjects), with 2 serious AEs (n = 1) in the test group. TEAEs were not considered treatment-related. CONCLUSIONS: All groups demonstrated statistically significant improvements in Schiff score, tactile threshold and OHRQoL. However, due to a possible placebo effect in the negative control, there were no statistically significant differences between the dentifrices. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study adds to the growing research exploring why the placebo effect is a common phenomenon in DH studies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04950465.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Humanos , Fluoretos de Estanho , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Tato , China , Fluoretos
10.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(2): 72-81, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548635

RESUMO

Fluoridated dentifrices have antibacterial effects on children's teeth. On the other hand, the side effects encountered with the use of them have led researchers to look for safe alternatives. This study aimed to determine the antibacterial effect of different commercially available fluoride-free dentifrices on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) in comparison with different concentrations of fluoridated dentifrices. Study groups comprised of fluoride-free dentifrices, which contain Probiotic (Activated Charcoal Probiotic Dentifrice-Group P), Aloe Vera-Group AV and Salivary Proteins-Group SP. Fluoridated dentifrices containing 1450 ppm fluoride-Control Group 1 and 500 ppm fluoride-Control Group 2 served as control groups. Antibacterial activity was assessed by Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations and agar well diffusion assays on S. mutans. Biofilm inhibition assay was performed with dentifrices, which had antibacterial activities, and a negative control phosphate-buffered saline (Group PBS) on sterile hydroxyapatite discs against S. mutans. Statistical evaluation was performed. Only group AV showed an antibacterial effect on S. mutans, while control groups showed a similar antibacterial effect. The mean number of viable bacteria present in S. mutans biofilm in Control Group 1 and 2 and Group AV were statistically significantly lower than that in Group PBS, but there were no statistically significant differences between Control Groups and Group AV. Antibacterial activity of commercial dentifrices against S. mutans may be exerted by antibacterial components other than fluoride. Aloe vera-containing toothpaste showed an antibacterial effect on S. mutans, although not as much as the fluoride-containing toothpastes in the control groups. However, further in vivo and long-term studies are required.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Criança , Humanos , Dentifrícios/farmacologia , Fluoretos , Streptococcus mutans , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
11.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(1): 68-71, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514434

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the stain removal ability and color stability of three distinct dentifrices on artificially stained enamel surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 75 intact, healthy premolars free of dental caries that were extracted during orthodontic therapy. The samples were allowed to dry for 6 hours after being submerged in the prepared tea solution for roughly 18 hours every day. Then this procedure was repeated for seven successive days. All samples were randomly divided into three experimental groups with 25 samples in each group. Group I: control dentifrice, group II: dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide, group III: dentifrice containing papain and bromelain. A specially designed toothbrushing simulator was used to brush every sample in the relevant group. Using a spectrophotometer and a measurement program, color measurement was evaluated after staining process after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of teeth cleaning. Using a profilometer, the surface roughness values (Ra) were assessed. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of brushing of stained samples, the color stability was better in dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide (1.14 ± 0.11) followed by dentifrice containing papain and bromelain (1.22 ± 0.08) and control group (1.30 ± 0.09). And after 8 weeks of brushing of stained samples, the surface roughness was more in dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide (0.237 ± 0.02) followed by dentifrice containing papain and bromelain (0.229 ± 0.13) and control group (0.207 ± 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study concluded that the dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide showed a superior whitening effect on the stained enamel surface than dentifrice containing papain and bromelain and control dentifrice. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The development of various dentifrice products has been greatly aided by the increased demand for an improved esthetic appearance. Teeth's natural color and any external stains that could accumulate on the tooth surface combine to determine a tooth's color. Additionally, the use of whitening dental pastes to remove external stains has grown in favor. With the development of these whitening toothpastes, dentifrices' ability to lessen or eliminate extrinsic dental stains has increased. How to cite this article: Mishra D, Kamath DG, Alagla M, et al. Evaluation of Stain Removal Efficacy and Color Stability of Three Different Dentifrices on Artificially Stained Enamel Surface-An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(1):68-71.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentifrícios , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Humanos , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Bromelaínas/uso terapêutico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Corantes , Descoloração de Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Papaína/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Escovação Dentária , Esmalte Dentário
12.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(2): 229-247, mar. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552140

RESUMO

The present study evaluated the efficacy of the mineralizing action of Casearia sylvestris ethanolic extract on bovine dentin blocks in its pure form and in dental paste, through scanning electron microscopy. The dentin blocks were immersed in artificial saliva and incubat ed at 37°C for 7 days. Subsequently, six groups were treated with different test substances and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively at 30 and 60 days. The tests used were Kruskal - Wallis and Dunn's. Shapiro - Wilk and ANOVA. The qualitative analysis at 30 days showed a difference between the groups treated with ethanolic extract and toothpaste. Quantitatively, at 30 days, treatment with ethanolic extract of Casearia showed a greater number of open dentinal tubules. At 60 days, the difference persisted on ly for the blocks treated with toothpaste. The results obtained indicated that there is a positive relationship between the use of Casearia sylvestris and obliteration of dentinal tubules


El presente estudio evaluó la eficacia de la acción mineralizante del extracto etanólico de Casearia sylvestris sobre bloques de dentina bovina en su forma pura y en pasta dental, mediante microscopía electrónica de barrido. Los bloques de dentina se sumergieron en saliva artificial y se incubaron a 37°C durante 7 días. Posteriormente, se trataron seis grupos con diferentes sustancias de ensayo y se analizaron cualitativa y cuantitativamente a los 30 y 60 días. Las p ruebas utilizadas fueron Kruskal - Wallis y Dunn's. Shapiro - Wilk y ANOVA. El análisis cualitativo a los 30 días mostró una diferencia entre los grupos tratados con extracto etanólico y pasta dentífrica. Cuantitativamente, a los 30 días, el tratamiento con ex tracto etanólico de Casearia mostró un mayor número de túbulos dentinarios abiertos. A los 60 días, la diferencia persistió sólo para los bloques tratados con pasta dentífrica. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron que existe una relación positiva entre el us o de Casearia sylvestris y la obliteración de los túbulos dentinarios


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Casearia/química , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico
13.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(2): e876, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the remineralization potential of calcium sodium phosphosilicate and functionalized tri-calcium phosphate (f-TCP) dentifrices in deeper incipient carious lesions (ICLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Artificial ICLs were created by placing premolars into demineralizing solutions. Teeth were randomly assigned into four groups: calcium sodium phosphosilicate (Group 1), f-TCP (Group 2), 1450 ppm fluoride (Group 3), and distilled water (Group 4), which were subjected to 10-day pH cycling. Mineral density (MD) was assessed using microcomputed tomography (Micro-CT), while hardness (H) and elastic modulus (EM) were assessed using nanomechanical testing. RESULTS: MD % gain was higher in Groups 1-3 than in Group 4. In addition, Groups 1 and 2 exhibited significantly higher MD % gain than Group 3. Also, Groups 1-3 showed significantly higher EM and H values than Group 4 in the outer enamel area; yet, Groups 1 and 2 displayed significantly higher EM and H values than Groups 3 and 4 in the inner enamel. CONCLUSIONS: The MD, EM, and H of ICLs significantly increased with the addition of calcium sodium phosphosilicate or f-TCP to fluoridated dentifrices compared to standard fluoride dentifrices. The added active ingredients remineralized the deeper parts of the ICLs, while remineralization at the lesion surface was similar between tested dentifrices.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentifrícios , Compostos de Flúor , Humanos , Fluoretos , Cariostáticos , Dentifrícios/farmacologia , Cálcio , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Minerais , Sódio
14.
J Dent ; 143: 104895, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the remineralisation efficacy and ion bioavailability of two novel SnF2-containing dentifrices in a blinded, cross-over, randomised in situ clinical study. METHODS: Six participants wore removal palatal appliances holding human enamel and dentine blocks with subsurface lesions. Appliances were worn for two treatment periods of 14 consecutive days each, with a one-week washout period in-between. Participants were randomly allocated to rinse with a 1:5 diluted coded slurry of one of two dentifrices containing either 5 % casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) +1100 ppm F as SnF2 [MIPOP], or 1100 ppm F as SnF2 [CT], for 1 min, four times a day. Saliva was collected post-treatment and analysed for tin, calcium, inorganic phosphate and fluoride ions using atomic absorption spectrophotometry and ion chromatography. Enamel and dentine lesions were analysed for percent remineralisation (%R) using transverse microradiography and percent surface microhardness recovery (%SMHR). RESULTS: MIPOP released significantly higher F (3.00 ± 0.27 mM), Ca (15.23 ± 3.23 mM) and Sn (1.18 ± 0.13 mM) into saliva whereas CT released 2.89 ± 0.32 mM F and only 0.84 ± 0.11 mM Ca and 0.28 ± 0.10 mM Sn. MIPOP produced significantly higher %R than CT: 25.6 ± 1.5 % compared to 15.2 ± 0.7 % in enamel, and 33.6 ± 3.1 % compared to 20.6 ± 1.1 % in dentine. Additionally, MIPOP produced significantly higher %SMHR (18.2 ± 7.9 %) compared to CT (4.1 ± 0.6 %). CONCLUSIONS: Both dentifrices promoted remineralisation, but the MIPOP dentifrice with added CPP-ACP and the ion-stabilising effects of CPP released higher amounts of bioavailable tin and produced significantly higher remineralisation and surface microhardness recovery. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Modern dentifrices contain SnF2 for a range of oral health benefits. Challenges associated with stability of these formulations can affect ion bioavailability, reducing efficacy. Two dentifrices with SnF2 promoted remineralisation in situ, however the dentifrice with the added saliva biomimetic CPP-ACP was superior and therefore may produce greater health benefits.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Fluoretos de Estanho , Humanos , Fluoretos de Estanho/farmacologia , Fluoretos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Estanho/farmacologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Dentina , Cariostáticos/farmacologia
15.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 32: e20230336, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the cost-effectiveness of whitening toothpastes and at-home bleaching for the treatment of tooth discoloration. METHODOLOGY: A cost-effectiveness economic analysis was conducted, and eight randomized clinical trials were selected based on the whitening agent product used: blue covarine dentifrices (BCD), hydrogen peroxide dentifrices (HPD), dentifrices without bleaching agents (CD, negative control), and 10% carbamide peroxide (CP10, positive control) for at-home bleaching. The consumer/patient perspective was adopted, macro-costing techniques were used and a decision tree model was performed considering the costs in the American and Brazilian markets. The color change evaluation (ΔE*ab) was used to calculate the effectiveness of tooth bleaching. A probabilistic analysis was performed using a Monte Carlo simulation and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were obtained. RESULTS: CP10 resulted in the highest cost-effectiveness compared to the use of dentifrices in both markets. In Brazil, HPD was more cost-effective than BCD and CD. In the US, the increased costs of HPD and BCD did not generate any whitening benefit compared to CD. CONCLUSIONS: CP10 was more cost-effective than BCD and HPD for tooth bleaching from the perspectives of the Brazilian and American markets. Decision-making should consider the use of CP10 for treating tooth discoloration.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Humanos , Cor , Análise de Custo-Efetividade , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico , Descoloração de Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Ureia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
J Dent ; 144: 104898, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a toothpaste containing 7.5 % HX-BGC in combating dentinal hypersensitivity. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, double-blind, three-group parallel-controlled design was employed, with Schiff Index and Yeaple Index as measurement indicators. The study evaluated the effectiveness of HX-BGC toothpaste, NovaMin toothpaste, and a negative control toothpaste without desensitizing agents. Eligible subjects underwent baseline examination after a 2-week washout period, and those meeting inclusion criteria and not meeting exclusion criteria entered the study. Participants were randomly assigned to use one of the three toothpastes. Follow-up examinations were conducted immediately after a single use and at 2, 4, and 6 weeks. Intra-group and inter-group comparisons were made for Schiff and Yeaple indices. Safety of the experimental toothpastes was assessed through participant feedbacks and oral soft tissue examinations. RESULTS: Subjects in the three groups were balanced in terms of age and gender distribution, with no baseline differences in indicators. Immediately after a single application of toothpaste, Yeaple indices increased, and Schiff indices decreased, with no significant differences among the groups. After 2 weeks of continuous use, Yeaple indices increased in all groups, with significant differences observed between the HX-BGC group and the other two groups. Schiff indices decreased in all groups, with the NovaMin group showing significant differences compared to the negative control group. At weeks 4 and 6, both indices in the HX-BGC group and the NovaMin group were significantly better than those in the negative control group, with the HX-BGC group outperforming the NovaMin group in the Yeaple index. No serious adverse reactions related to the study products were observed or reported by any participants. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This clinical trial confirmed the efficacy of HX-BGC in anti-dentinal hypersensitivity and supported the clinical application of the dentifrice containing HX-BGC. CONCLUSION: Compared to the negative control group, both HX-BGC and NovaMin toothpaste groups demonstrated more significant effects in combating dentinal hypersensitivity. No adverse reactions related to the experimental toothpastes were observed.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Dentifrícios , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Cremes Dentais , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Cerâmica/uso terapêutico , China , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , População do Leste Asiático , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Vidro , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico , Segurança , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Br Dent J ; 236(2): 109, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38278906
18.
J Periodontol ; 95(2): 135-145, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37475476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence on the efficacy of calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) and arginine dentifrices on reducing root sensitivity (RS) following non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) is limited. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of these dentifrices in reducing RS during daily activities in patients undergoing NSPT. METHODS: Using a double-blind randomized controlled trial, CSPS, arginine, or control dentifrices were randomly assigned to 45 RS individuals following NSPT. The participants used the dentifrices 2×/day for 8 weeks. A self-reported visual analog scale (VAS) was assessed during daily activities. RESULTS: Self-reported VAS scores were similar among the three groups at each time point. The with-in group analysis revealed that the arginine dentifrice reduced RS from Week 1-8 compared with baseline in response to cold. Similarly, the CSPS dentifrice reduced RS at Week 4 and 8. The CSPS and arginine dentifrices exhibited RS relief resulting from toothbrushing starting at Week 4 and 2, respectively. In response to air, RS relief was observed from Week 4 in the arginine group. The number of patients with VAS > 2 in response to cold declined at Week 2 and 4 in the CSPS and arginine groups, respectively. In response to toothbrushing, only 10% in the test groups still had RS at Week 8. In response to air, the number of RS patients only in the arginine group decreased at Week 4. CONCLUSION: The CSPS and arginine dentifrices provided comparable RS relief during daily activities within 2-4 weeks and remained effective up to 8 weeks.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Humanos , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Arginina/uso terapêutico , Medição da Dor , Autorrelato , Escovação Dentária
19.
J Dent ; 140: 104798, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of toothbrush head configuration and dentifrice slurry abrasivity on the development of simulated non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in vitro. METHODS: Extracted premolars were randomly allocated into 15 groups (n = 16) generated by the association between toothbrush head configuration (flat-trimmed, rippled, cross-angled/multilevel/rubbers added, cross-angled/multilevel/flex head, feathered) and dentifrice slurry abrasivity (low/medium/high). Teeth were mounted on acrylic blocks and had their roots partially covered with acrylic resin, leaving 2-mm root surfaces exposed. Toothbrushing was performed for 35,000 and 65,000 double-strokes. Specimens were analyzed using non-contact profilometry for dental volume loss (mm3) and lesion morphology. Data was analyzed using ANOVA with pairwise comparisons and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: The two-way interaction between toothbrush head configuration and slurry abrasivity was significant (p = 0.02). At 35,000 strokes, the flat-trimmed and cross-angled/multilevel/rubbers added toothbrushes caused the highest loss, when associated to the high-abrasive slurry (p<0.05); whereas cross-angled/multilevel/flex head showed the least loss, when associated to the low-abrasive (p<0.05). At 65,000, more dental loss was observed for all toothbrushes when associated to the high-abrasive slurry, with flat-trimmed causing the highest loss (p < 0.05). Lower dental loss rates were observed for cross-angled/multilevel/flex head associated to the low-abrasive slurry when compared to the other toothbrushes (p < 0.05), except to feathered (p = 0.14) and rippled (p = 0.08). Flat lesions (mean internal angle ± standard-deviation: 146.2°± 16.8) were mainly associated with low-abrasive slurry, while wedge-shaped lesions (85.8°± 18.8) were more frequent with medium- and high-abrasive slurries. CONCLUSION: The development, progression and morphology of simulated NCCLs were modulated by both toothbrush head configuration and dentifrice abrasivity. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dental professionals should consider both the type of toothbrush and dentifrice abrasivity in the management plan of patients at risk of developing NCCLs.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Abrasão Dentária , Humanos , Escovação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dentifrícios/efeitos adversos , Cremes Dentais , Abrasão Dentária/etiologia , Abrasão Dentária/patologia , Dente Pré-Molar/patologia
20.
J Dent ; 140: 104794, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38035453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if tooth color alteration of activated charcoal-based dentifrices may be attributed to the dye adsorption potential of charcoal (chemical action - C - slurry only) or to the association of dye adsorption with abrasion (chemo-mechanical action - CM- slurry/toothbrushing). Potential adverse effects in surface roughness, gloss, and wear were also assessed. METHODS: Bovine enamel/dentin specimens were randomly allocated into the groups according to treatments and test model (n = 15): deionized water (negative control- NC); Colgate Maximum Anticaries Protection (conventional toothpaste- positive control- PC); Colgate Luminous White Activated Charcoal (LW); Oral-B 3D White Therapy Charcoal (WT); Curaprox Black is White (BW); Dermavita Whitemax (Activated charcoal powder- WP). Specimens were exposed to the C or CM models, in 28-day staining-treatment cycling. Color change (ΔE00), whiteness index (ΔWID), percentage of alteration of surface roughness (%Raalt), and gloss (%GUalt) were calculated. Additional specimens (n = 9) were indented with a Knoop diamond and subjected to 100,000 abrasion cycles. Enamel wear was determined by calculating the decrease in indentations geometry. Data were analyzed by ANOVA/Tukey tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The CM-model produced lower color change (staining) than C (p = 0.0001). PC, LW, WT, BW, and WP showed similar color results for both models, differing from NC (p < 0.05).%Ra and%GU did not differ among the C-model groups (p > 0.05) and WP exhibited the highest variation (%Ra and%GU) under CM-model. Enamel wear values were lowest in the NC and PC groups, intermediate for LW, WT, BW, and highest for the WP (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Activated charcoal-based dentifrices have a similar ability to minimize tooth staining as the conventional toothpaste, with increased enamel wear potential in the long term (after 100,000 cycles). The activated charcoal powder damaged the enamel surface, showing a higher deleterious effect on enamel roughness, gloss, and wear. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dentifrices containing activated charcoal do not provide superior results to minimize tooth staining compared to conventional toothpaste. Charcoal powder should be used with caution because it promotes higher superficial alterations on the enamel surface.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Cremes Dentais , Bovinos , Animais , Carvão Vegetal , Corantes , Pós , Escovação Dentária
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...