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1.
J Adhes Dent ; 26: 171-178, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38966001

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of urethane methacrylate precursor (UMP) on the enzymatic resistance of demineralized dentin (DD) matrices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental treatments containing 0 (control), 1, and 5 mmol/L UMP dissolved in an acetone (Ace) solution were formulated. Dentin matrix specimens were demineralized in vitro and immersed in the experimental treatments for 1 h. The treated specimens were then stored in 0.1 mg/mL collagenase solution for 24 h, after which their dry mass loss and hydroxyproline (HYP) release were assessed. The swelling ratios of specimens in each group were also evaluated. The interaction between UMP and the dentin matrix was observed using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Endogenous enzyme activity in dentin was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). RESULTS: Compared with the other treatment groups, treatment with 1 mM and 5 mM UMP-Ace significantly decreased the dry mass loss, HYP release and swelling ratio of the DD matrix (p < 0.05). FE-SEM and CLSM observations showed that treatment with UMP-Ace protected the structure of the dentin matrix and decreased porosity within the dentin-collagen network. CONCLUSION: Treatment with 1 mM and 5 mM UMP-Ace protects DD matrix against collagenase degradation and may be clinically useful for improving the durability of the hybrid layer.


Assuntos
Dentina , Metacrilatos , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metacrilatos/química , Isocianatos/química , Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Teste de Materiais , Colagenases , Hidroxiprolina , Colágeno , Cimentos de Resina/química
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(4): 342-345, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956849

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and strength of three various dentin-bonding agents used with adhesives on primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used 80 recently extracted, healthy human maxillary anterior primary teeth that had undergone physiologic resorption, or over-retention. Teeth were cut to expose a flat dentin surface at a depth of 1.5 mm. All samples were divided into four groups (20 samples in each group) as follows: Group I-Control group, Group II-Primary teeth bonding with 6th-generation bonding agent, Group III-Primary teeth bonding with 7th-generation bonding agent, Group IV-Primary teeth bonding with 8th-generation bonding agent. All of the samples' dentinal surfaces were covered with composite resin using a Teflon mold after adhesive had been applied. A universal testing machine (INSTRON) was used to assess the shear bond strength. Data were collected and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The maximum mean shear bond strength was found in 8th-generation bonding agent (30.76 ± 0.16), followed by 7th-generation bonding agent (26.08 ± 0.21), 6th-generation bonding agent (25.32 ± 0.06), and control group (6.18 ± 0.09). Statistically significant difference was found between the three different bonding agents (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: On conclusion, the 8th-generation bonding agent demonstrated a greater shear bond strength to dentin than the 7th and 6th-generation bonding agent. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The emergence of different bonding techniques to the market improves the durability and quality of restorations. An effective bonding to the tooth would also reduce bacterial penetration, marginal microleakage, possibility of pulpal inflammation preserve tooth structure, and postoperative sensitivity by allowing less cavity preparation. How to cite this article: Alqarni AS, Al Ghwainem A. Assessment of the Efficacy and Bond Strength of Different Dentin-bonding Agents with Adhesives on Primary Teeth: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(4):342-345.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Adesivos Dentinários , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Técnicas In Vitro , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15439, 2024 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965301

RESUMO

Replacing the conventional endodontic irrigants with herbal agents could avoid complications associated with using sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Endodontic irrigants alter the surface roughness of the dentinal wall surface, which affects sealer mechanical retention. This study aimed to assess the effect of experimental herbal Moringa oleifera and orange peel extract irrigant on intraradicular dentin (IRD) surface roughness using quantitative 3D surface analysis by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) regarding the smear layer assessment. Sixty human root sections were divided into four groups (n = 15): NaOCl combined with 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); negative control (saline); moringa extract (MO); and orange oil (OO). SEM images were assessed quantitatively for surface roughness (Ra) in the coronal, middle, and apical IRD. The data were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis, Friedman, and Dunn's tests. All groups showed statistically significant differences (P = 0.007). MO exhibited significantly greater Ra values at the coronal, middle, and apical root levels than OO (P = 0.007, 0.009, and 0.046, respectively). There was no significant change in Ra values at various root levels within each group at P = 0.091, 0.819, 0.819, and 0.549 for the EDTA, saline, MO, and OO groups. Considerable (IRD) surface roughness analysis makes Moringa extract a promising herbal endodontic irrigant alternative to the NaOCl plus EDTA regimen.


Assuntos
Dentina , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Extratos Vegetais , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Propriedades de Superfície , Humanos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Moringa oleifera/química , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Ácido Edético/química , Citrus sinensis/química , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 42(2): 149-155, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38957913

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dental caries results from an ecologic shift within the dental biofilm from a balanced population of microorganisms to an acidogenic, aciduric, and cariogenic microbiological population developed and maintained by frequent consumption of fermentable dietary carbohydrates. Total caries removal (TCR) of deep lesion may result in pulpal exposure requiring more invasive treatment. Hence, current pediatric dentistry has shifted to minimally invasive treatment that avoids more complex, time-consuming procedure, and the child's discomfort. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare clinical performance and radiographic changes after complete and incomplete caries removal procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 60 primary molars in children aged 6-9 years. Selected 60 primary molars were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 (PCR): infected dentin was removed, while the affected dentin was maintained on the pulpal wall. Group 2 (TCR): both infected and affected dentin were removed through low-speed carbide bur and hand excavator. Teeth were evaluated at 4 and 6 months clinically and radiographically. RESULTS: The proportion was compared using Fisher's exact test. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21 was used for analysis. The level of significance was kept at 5%. CONCLUSION: The clinical and radiographic success rates of ICR and CCR in primary teeth with deep carious lesions were high and did not differ significantly, indicating that the retention of carious dentin does not interfere with pulp vitality. Thus, ICR is a reliable minimally invasive approach that might replace the CCR in primary teeth when correctly indicated.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Criança , Polpa Dentária/microbiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Dentina/microbiologia
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(13)2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38999956

RESUMO

The transforming growth factor ß (TGFß) superfamily is a master regulator of development, adult homeostasis, and wound repair. Dysregulated TGFß signaling can lead to cancer, fibrosis, and musculoskeletal malformations. We previously demonstrated that TGFß receptor 2 (Tgfbr2) signaling regulates odontoblast differentiation, dentin mineralization, root elongation, and sensory innervation during tooth development. Sensory innervation also modulates the homeostasis and repair response in adult teeth. We hypothesized that Tgfbr2 regulates the neuro-pulpal responses to dentin injury. To test this, we performed a shallow dentin injury with a timed deletion of Tgfbr2 in the dental pulp mesenchyme of mice and analyzed the levels of tertiary dentin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) axon sprouting. Microcomputed tomography imaging and histology indicated lower dentin volume in Tgfbr2cko M1s compared to WT M1s 21 days post-injury, but the volume was comparable by day 56. Immunofluorescent imaging of peptidergic afferents demonstrated that the duration of axon sprouting was longer in injured Tgfbr2cko compared to WT M1s. Thus, CGRP+ sensory afferents may provide Tgfbr2-deficient odontoblasts with compensatory signals for healing. Harnessing these neuro-pulpal signals has the potential to guide the development of treatments for enhanced dental healing and to help patients with TGFß-related diseases.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Polpa Dentária , Dentina , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II/metabolismo , Camundongos , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/genética , Dentina/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Odontoblastos/metabolismo
6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(7): 706-714, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949139

RESUMO

Objective: Explore the expression pattern of transcription factor activator protein 2C (TFAP2C) and identify the roles of Tfap2c during tooth development. Methods: Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to analyze the relative expression level of Tfap2c in various organs of embryonic day(E)14.5 mouse embryos and mouse molar germs at E12.5-E18.5 and postnatal day (P)0-P7. The expression position of Tfap2c in mouse molar germs was demonstrated by frozen section immunofluorescence staining. Cultured mandibular molar germs were transfected with control small interfering RNA (siRNA) or Tfap2c siRNA to evaluate the effect of Tfap2c on tooth molar germs development, and RT-qPCR was used to detect the relative expression level of genes related to odontoblast expression. Dental mesenchymal cells were isolated from E14.5 molar germs and transfected with control siRNA or Tfap2c siRNA, cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) and scratch healing test were applied to detect dental mesenchymal cell viability and migration. Results: Tfap2c was highly expressed in the early development period of mouse molar germs. Tfap2c was expressed in the epithelial and mesenchymal tissues of E13.5 mouse molar germs and there was no significant difference of relative expression of Tfap2c between them (t=1.06, P=0.472). Tfap2c was expressed in mesenchymal tissues of E14.5 mouse molar germs and the relative expression of Tfap2c in mesenchymal tissues was significantly higher than epithelial tissues (t=37.29, P<0.0001). For molar germs transfected with Tfap2c siRNA, the relative height of cusps (0.708±0.171) and the ratio of cusp height and crown height (0.321±0.068) was significantly lower than control group (1.000±0.287 and 0.483±0.166) (t=2.79, P=0.012; t=2.85, P=0.015). But there was no significant difference in relative height (1.078±0.206, 0.993±0.254, t=0.83, P=0.419)and relative width (1.000±0.116, 0.999±0.122, t=0.01, P=0.992) of crowns between two groups. The relative expression level of genes related to odontoblast expression was decreased (Dspp: t=15.33, P<0.001; Dmp1: t=13.81, P<0.001). Tfap2c siRNA hinders cell migration in dental mesenchymal cells (t=29.86, P=0.001), but there was no significant difference in CCK-8 absorbance value between two groups. The relative expression level of genes related to odontoblast expression was also decreased in dental mesenchymal cells transfected with Tfap2c siRNA (Dspp: t=3.86, P=0.031; Dmp1; t=4.36, P=0.022). Conclusions: Tfap2c highly expressed in the early morphogenesis period of mouse molar germs, mainly in mesenchymal tissues. Tfap2c affected the cusps formation of mouse molar germs and migration of dental mesenchymal cells.


Assuntos
Dente Molar , Fator de Transcrição AP-2 , Animais , Camundongos , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/genética , Dente Molar/embriologia , Dente Molar/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Movimento Celular , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Dentina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 6981-6997, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39005961

RESUMO

Background: Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is one of the main pathogens responsible for refractory root canal infections in the teeth and shows resistance against various antibacterial managements. Effective control of E. faecalis infection is a prerequisite for successful treatment of refractory apical periodontitis. This study aimed to analyze the antibacterial activity and mechanisms of Au@Ag nanoparticles (NPs) combined with photothermal therapy (PTT) against the original and Ag+-resistant E. faecalis. Methods: Au@AgNPs with optimal shell thicknesses were synthesized and characterized. The antibacterial activity of Au@AgNPs with PTT against the original or Ag+-resistant E. faecalis was evaluated, and the antibiofilm activity was tested on E. faecalis biofilm on the dentin of teeth. The potential antibacterial mechanisms of Au@AgNPs combined with PTT against E. faecalis have also been studied. Moreover, its influence on dentin microhardness and cytotoxicity was assessed. Results: This study revealed that Au@AgNPs combined with PTT showed enhanced antibacterial and antibiofilm effects, no negative effects on dentin microhardness, and low cytotoxicity toward human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs). Moreover, Au@AgNPs combined with PTT effectively inhibited the growth of Ag+-resistant E. faecalis. Its antibacterial effects may be exerted through the release of silver ions (Ag+), destruction of the cell membrane, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. Hyperthermia generated by Au@AgNPs with PTT reduced membrane fluidity and enhanced Ag+ sensitivity by downregulating fabF expression. The upregulated expression of heat shock genes demonstrated that the Ag+ released from Au@AgNPs compromised the heat adaptation of E. faecalis. Conclusion: PTT significantly enhanced Ag+ sensitivity of the original and Ag+-resistant E. faecalis. Au@AgNPs combined with PTT may have the potential to be developed as a new antibacterial agent to control E. faecalis infections in teeth.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Biofilmes , Dentina , Enterococcus faecalis , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ouro/química , Ouro/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Dentina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Fototérmica/métodos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Raios Infravermelhos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
8.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(4): 372-385, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this present systematic review is to evaluate if the preservation of pericervical dentin (PCD) increases the fracture resistance of endodontically treated permanent posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted a comprehensive review of all published studies from 2007 (1/1/2007) to 2023 (31/5/23) since the concept of PCD first appeared in the literature in 2007. Searches were conducted in multiple electronic database engines: PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO (Dentistry and oral health sciences), Web of Sciences (WOS), Cochrane, Google Scholar and Open Grey, Ovid and Shodhganga, in addition to cross-references and hand search. Articles were chosen according to a certain inclusion and exclusion criteria, which, in brief, are laboratory-based studies published in English that assess the impact of PCD on fracture resistance of endodontically treated permanent posterior teeth. Using domains, such as sample size, sample dimensions, and control group as quality assessment criteria, evaluated the selected articles and classified them according to their risk of bias into low, moderate, and high. A meta-analysis was conducted using random effects modeling at a significance level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: A total of studies 6,043 were retrieved from 10 different electronic search databases and hand searches, but only 12 laboratory-based studies were selected after removing duplicates and applying the eligibility criteria. Of the included 12 studies, nine studies showed low risk of bias and three studies showed moderate risk of bias. Two studies showed related data for meta-analysis, the difference observed between the two studies is statistically non-significant. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of the study, there is evidence to support that PCD preservation offers fracture resistance to the endodontically treated posterior teeth. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The practice of conservative cavity preparation and avoiding the usage of instruments with high taper increases the fracture resistance of the tooth by retaining the PCD. How to cite this article: Haridoss S, Rajendran M, Swaminathan K, et al. Impact of Pericervical Dentin on Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Posterior Permanent Teeth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(4):372-385.


Assuntos
Dentina , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Humanos , Fraturas dos Dentes/prevenção & controle , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentição Permanente
9.
Cells ; 13(13)2024 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38995004

RESUMO

Dentin pulp has a complex function as a major unit in maintaining the vitality of teeth. In this sense, the Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway has a vital part in tooth development, maintenance, repair, and regeneration by controlling physiological activities such as growth, differentiation, and migration. This pathway consists of a network of proteins, such as Wnt signaling molecules, which interact with receptors of targeted cells and play a role in development and adult tissue homeostasis. The Wnt signals are specific spatiotemporally, suggesting its intricate mechanism in development, regulation, repair, and regeneration by the formation of tertiary dentin. This review provides an overview of the recent advances in the Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling pathway in dentin and pulp regeneration, how different proteins, molecules, and ligands influence this pathway, either upregulating or silencing it, and how it may be used in the future for clinical dentistry, in vital pulp therapy as an effective treatment for dental caries, as an alternative approach for root canal therapy, and to provide a path for therapeutic and regenerative dentistry.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Dentina , Regeneração , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Humanos , Dentina/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Regeneração/fisiologia , Animais , beta Catenina/metabolismo
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(9): 3557-3569, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993575

RESUMO

To investigate the cell linkage between tooth dentin and bones, we studied TGF-ß roles during postnatal dentin development using TGF-ß receptor 2 (Tgfßr2) cKO models and cell lineage tracing approaches. Micro-CT showed that the early Tgfßr2 cKO exhibit short roots and thin root dentin (n = 4; p<0.01), a switch from multilayer pre-odontoblasts/odontoblasts to a single-layer of bone-like cells with a significant loss of ~85% of dentinal tubules (n = 4; p<0.01), and a matrix shift from dentin to bone. Mechanistic studies revealed a statistically significant decrease in odontogenic markers, and a sharp increase in bone markers. The late Tgfßr2 cKO teeth displayed losses of odontoblast polarity, a significant reduction in crown dentin volume, and the onset of massive bone-like structures in the crown pulp with high expression levels of bone markers and low levels of dentin markers. We thus concluded that bones and tooth dentin are in the same evolutionary linkage in which TGF-ß signaling defines the odontogenic fate of dental mesenchymal cells and odontoblasts. This finding also raises the possibility of switching the pulp odontogenic to the osteogenic feature of pulp cells via a local manipulation of gene programs in future treatment of tooth fractures.


Assuntos
Dentina , Odontoblastos , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Dentina/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Animais , Odontoblastos/metabolismo , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/metabolismo , Camundongos , Dente/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Camundongos Knockout
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(13)2024 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39000170

RESUMO

The leading cause of composite restoration failure is secondary caries, and although caries is a multifactorial problem, weak, damage-prone adhesives play a pivotal role in the high susceptibility of composite restorations to secondary caries. Our group has developed synthetic resins that capitalize on free-radical polymerization and sol-gel reactions to provide dental adhesives with enhanced properties. The resins contain γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) as the Si-based compound. This study investigated the properties of methacrylate-based resins containing methacryloxymethyltrimethoxysilane (MMeS) as a short-chain alternative. The degree of conversion (DC), polymerization kinetics, water sorption, mechanical properties, and leachates of MMeS- and MPS-resins with 55 and 30 wt% BisGMA-crosslinker were determined. The formulations were used as model adhesives, and the adhesive/dentin (a/d) interfaces were analyzed using chemometrics-assisted micro-Raman spectroscopy. The properties of the 55 wt% formulations were comparable. In the 30 wt% BisGMA formulations, the MMeS-resin exhibited faster polymerization, lower DC, reduced leachates, and increased storage and loss moduli, glass transition (Tg), crosslink density, and heterogeneity. The spectroscopic results indicated a comparable spatial distribution of resin, mineralized, and demineralized dentin across the a/d interfaces. The hydrolytically stable experimental short-chain-silane-monomer dental adhesive provides enhanced mechanical properties through autonomous strengthening and offers a promising strategy for the development of restorative dental materials with extended service life.


Assuntos
Metacrilatos , Silanos , Silanos/química , Metacrilatos/química , Humanos , Hidrólise , Dentina/química , Polimerização , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Teste de Materiais , Análise Espectral Raman , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Cimentos Dentários/química
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e056, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39016365

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of fluoride varnishes containing micrometric or nanosized sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on dentin erosive wear in vitro. Bovine root dentin blocks were selected by surface hardness and randomly divided into five experimental groups/varnishes (n = 20/group): placebo, 5% sodium fluoride (NaF); 5% NaF+5% micrometric TMP; 5% NaF+2.5% nanosized TMP; and 5% NaF+5% nanosized TMP. Half of the surface of all blocks received a single application of the assigned varnish, with subsequent immersion in artificial saliva for 6 h. Varnishes were then removed and the blocks were immersed in citric acid (90 s, 4×/day, 5 days). After each erosive cycle, ten blocks of each group were immersed in a placebo dentifrice for 15 s (ERO), while the other ten blocks were subjected to abrasion by brushing (ERO+ABR). Dentin erosive wear was assessed by profilometry. Data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and to the Holm-Sidak test (p<0.05). Dentin erosive wear was significantly higher for ERO+ABR than for ERO for all varnishes. TMP-containing varnishes promoted superior effects against dentin erosive wear compared with 5% NaF alone; and 5% nanosized TMP led to the lowest wear among all varnishes. In conclusion, the addition of TMP to conventional fluoride varnish (i.e., varnish containing only NaF) enhanced its protective effects against bovine root dentin erosion and erosion+abrasion. Additionally, the use of 5% nanosized TMP led to superior effects in comparison to 5% micrometric TMP, both for erosion and erosion+abrasion in vitro.


Assuntos
Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos , Teste de Materiais , Polifosfatos , Fluoreto de Sódio , Propriedades de Superfície , Erosão Dentária , Bovinos , Animais , Polifosfatos/farmacologia , Polifosfatos/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos Tópicos/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Fatores de Tempo , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Nanopartículas/química , Abrasão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Saliva Artificial/química , Ácido Cítrico/farmacologia , Valores de Referência , Testes de Dureza
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 805, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39014355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study pursued two main purposes. The first aim was to expound on the microscopic factors of radiation-related caries (RRC). Further, it aimed to compare the remineralization effect of different remineralizing agents on demineralized teeth after radiotherapy. METHODS: The enamel and dentin samples of bovine teeth were irradiated with different doses of radiation. After analysis of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), the samples irradiated with 50 Gy radiation were selected and divided into the demineralization group, the double distilled water (DDW) group, the Sodium fluoride (NaF) group, the Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) group, the NaF + CPP-ACP group, and the Titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) group. After demineralization, remineralizing agents treatment, and remineralization, the samples were evaluated using SEM, atomic force microscope (AFM), EDS, and transverse microradiography (TMR). RESULTS: A radiation dose of 30 Gy was sufficient to cause damage to the dentinal tubules, but 70 Gy radiation had little effect on the microstructure of enamel. Additionally, the NaF + CPP-ACP group and the TiF4 group significantly promoted deposit formation, decreased surface roughness, and reduced mineral loss and lesion depth of demineralized enamel and dentin samples after radiation. CONCLUSIONS: Radiation causes more significant damage to dentin compared to enamel. NaF + CPP-ACP and TiF4 had a promising ability to promote remineralization of irradiated dental hard tissues. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This in vitro study contributes to determining a safer radiation dose range for teeth and identifying the most effective remineralization approach for RRC.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Fluoreto de Sódio , Remineralização Dentária , Animais , Bovinos , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Caseínas/uso terapêutico , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Difração de Raios X , Titânio , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Microrradiografia , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Espectrometria por Raios X , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Desmineralização do Dente/etiologia , Técnicas In Vitro
14.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(3): 192-198, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822501

RESUMO

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the effect of silver diammine fluoride (SDF) on the shear bond strength (SBS) of pink opaquer (PO) compared to resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) and conventional composite (COMP) on demineralized dentin, and also to investigate the mode of failure (MOF). Methods: Sixty extracted third molars were prepared, demineralized for 14 days, and divided into four groups: (1) COMP; (2) SDF+PO; (3) SDF+RMGI; and (4) SDF+COMP (restoration size: two by two mm). SBS, MOF, modified adhesive remnant index (MARI), and remnant adhesive volume (RAV) were evaluated using an Instron® machine, light microscopy, 3D digital scanner ( 3Shape©), and GeoMagic Wrap© software. Results: There was no significant difference in SBS (MPa) among the COMP mean??standard deviation (2.5±1.59), SDF+COMP (2.28±1.05), SDF+PO (3.31±2.63), and SDF+RMGI groups (3.74±2.34). There was no significant difference in MOF and MARI among the four groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in RAV (mm3) among the COMP (0.5±0.33), SDF+COMP (0.39±0.44), SDF+PO (0.42±0.38), and SDF+RMGI groups (0.42±0.38; P>0.05). A significant correlation existed between MOF and RAV (R equals 0.721; P<0.001). MOF, MARI, and RAV did not show any correlations with SBS (P>0.05). Conclusions: Silver diammine fluoride does not affect shear bond strength between carious dentinal surface and tooth color restorative materials. The amount of material left on the interface is not related to the amount of shear force needed to break the restoration.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Compostos de Prata , Humanos , Compostos de Prata/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Teste de Materiais , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Materiais Dentários/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Técnicas In Vitro , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Cor
15.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e943353, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Dentin contamination with hemostatic agents before bonding indirect restorations negatively affects the bond strength. However, the consensus on which materials could be used to clean contamination of hemostatic agents has not been explored. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Katana Cleaner applied on the surface of dentin contaminated with hemostatic agents on the shear bond strength (SBS) of self-adhesive resin cement by comparing it with three other surface cleaners. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety dentin specimens were divided into a no contamination group (control) (n=10), 4 groups contaminated with 25% aluminum chloride (Viscostat Clear) (n=40), and 4 groups contaminated with 20% ferric sulfate (Viscostat) (n=40). Subsequently, 4 different cleaners were used for each contamination group (water rinse, phosphoric acid, chlorhexidine, and Katana Cleaner). Then, self-adhesive resin cement was directly bonded to the treated surfaces. All specimens were subjected to 5000 thermal cycles of artificial aging. The shear bond strength was measured using a universal testing machine. RESULTS Two-way analysis of variance showed that the contaminant type as the main factor was statistically non-significant (p=0.655), cleaner type as the main factor was highly significant (p<0.001), and interaction between the contaminant and cleaner was non-significant (p=0.51). The cleaner type was the main factor influencing the bond strength. Phosphoric acid and chlorhexidine showed better performance than Katana Cleaner. CONCLUSIONS Cleaning dentin surface contamination with phosphoric acid and chlorhexidine had better performance than with Katana Cleaner.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Hemostáticos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Humanos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesivos Dentinários , Compostos Férricos/química
16.
Arch Oral Biol ; 165: 106018, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tooth growth and wear are commonly used tools for determining the age of mammals. The most speciose order of marsupials, Diprotodontia, is characterised by a pair of procumbent incisors within the lower jaw. This study examines the growth and wear of these incisors to understand their relationship with age and sex. DESIGN: Measurements of mandibular incisor crown and root length were made for two sister species of macropodid (kangaroos and wallabies); Macropus giganteus and Macropus fuliginosus. Histological analysis examined patterns of dentine and cementum deposition within these teeth. Broader generalisability within Diprotodontia was tested using dentally reduced Tarsipes rostratus - a species disparate in body size and incisor function to the studied macropodids. RESULTS: In the macropodid sample it is demonstrated that the hypsodont nature of these incisors makes measurements of their growth (root length) and wear (crown length) accurate indicators of age and sex. Model fitting finds that root growth proceeds according to a logarithmic function across the lifespan, while crown wear follows a pattern of exponential reduction for both macropodid species. Histological results find that secondary dentine deposition and cementum layering are further indicators of age. Incisor measurements are shown to correlate with age in the sample of T. rostratus. CONCLUSIONS: The diprotodontian incisor is a useful tool for examining chronological age and sex, both morphologically and microstructurally. This finding has implications for population ecology, palaeontology and marsupial evolution.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Marsupiais , Animais , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Marsupiais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Marsupiais/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Masculino , Raiz Dentária/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Macropodidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Macropodidae/anatomia & histologia , Macropodidae/fisiologia , Coroa do Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Coroa do Dente/anatomia & histologia , Cemento Dentário/anatomia & histologia , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Desgaste dos Dentes/patologia , Dentina
17.
Braz Dent J ; 35: e245771, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38922251

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of calcium hypochlorite (Ca (OCl)2) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and dentin organic matrix alteration by picrosirius staining and light microscopy (LM). Samples of human extracted teeth were infected with Enterococcus faecalis by centrifugation of the bacterial suspension and were treated with Ca(OCl)2 or NaOCl at 0.5%, 2.5%, and 6% for 15, 30, and 60 seconds. CLSM and viability staining were used to quantitatively analyze the proportions of dead/live bacteria in the canal lumen and border of the root canal. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and Fisher test. For LM analysis, one hundred bovine teeth were randomly divided into 10 test groups (n=10): G1- Without treatment; G2- 17% EDTA; G3- 6% NaOCl; G4- 6% NaOCl + EDTA; G5- 0.5% Ca(OCl)2; G6- 0.5% Ca(OCl)2 + EDTA; G7- 2.5% Ca(OCl)2; G8- 2.5% Ca(OCl)2 + EDTA; G9- 6% Ca(OCl)2; G10- 6% Ca(OCl)2 + EDTA. The samples were fragmented and stained with Picrosirius. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn (P<0.05). There was a strong correlation between the results of the canal lumen and the border of the root canal (r=0.962). Both hypochlorites at a concentration of 0.5% showed less microbial reduction compared to 2.5% and 6% (P<0.05). There was less antimicrobial activity at 15 seconds compared to 30 and 60 seconds (P<0.05). Ca(OCl)2 and NaOCl showed similar results at the same concentrations (P>0.05). In conclusion, Ca(OCl)2 caused fewer alterations to the dentin organic matrix at concentrations of 0.5% and 2.5%. Ca(OCl)2 presents antimicrobial activity similar to NaOCl, and collagen damage is concentration-dependent.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Colágeno , Dentina , Enterococcus faecalis , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/microbiologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Bovinos , Microscopia Confocal , Animais , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Técnicas In Vitro
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 732, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the remineralization effects of a calcium silicate-based cement (Biodentine) and of a glass ionomer cement (GIC: Fuji IX) on artificially demineralized dentin. METHODS: Four standard cavities were prepared in dentin discs prepared from 34 extracted sound human third molars. In each disc, one cavity was covered with an acid-resistant varnish before demineralization (Group 1). The specimens were soaked in a chemical demineralization solution for 96 h to induce artificial carious lesions. Thereafter, one cavity each was filled with Biodentine (Group 2) and GIC (Group 3), respectively, and one carious lesion was left unrestored as a negative control (Group 4). Next, specimens were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 21 days. After cross-sectioning the specimens, the Ca/P ratio was calculated in each specimen by using scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX). Finally, data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: Both cement types induced dentin remineralization as compared to Group 4. The Ca/P ratio was significantly higher in Group 2 than in Group 3 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The dentin lesion remineralization capability of Biodentine is higher than that of GIC, suggesting the usefulness of the former as a bioactive dentin replacement material. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Biodentine has a higher remineralization ability than that of GIC for carious dentin, and its interfacial properties make it a promising bioactive dentin restorative material.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Dentina , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Silicatos , Remineralização Dentária , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/farmacologia , Humanos , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Silicatos/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Técnicas In Vitro , Espectrometria por Raios X , Cálcio , Teste de Materiais , Cárie Dentária , Fósforo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(12)2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38928274

RESUMO

Epigenetic modulation, including histone modification, alters gene expression and controls cell fate. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are identified as important regulators of dental pulp cell (DPC) mineralisation processes. Currently, there is a paucity of information regarding the nature of histone modification and HDAC expression in the dentine-pulp complex during dentinogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate post-translational histone modulation and HDAC expression during DPC mineralisation and the expression of Class I/II HDACs during tooth development and in adult teeth. HDAC expression (isoforms -1 to -6) was analysed in mineralising primary rat DPCs using qRT-PCR and Western blot with mass spectrometry being used to analyse post-translational histone modifications. Maxillary molar teeth from postnatal and adult rats were analysed using immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for HDACs (1-6). HDAC-1, -2, and -4 protein expression increased until days 7 and 11, but decreased at days 14 and 21, while other HDAC expression increased continuously for 21 days. The Class II mineralisation-associated HDAC-4 was strongly expressed in postnatal sample odontoblasts and DPCs, but weakly in adult teeth, while other Class II HDACs (-5, -6) were relatively strongly expressed in postnatal DPCs and adult odontoblasts. Among Class I HDACs, HDAC-1 showed high expression in postnatal teeth, notably in ameloblasts and odontoblasts. HDAC-2 and -3 had extremely low expression in the rat dentine-pulp complex. Significant increases in acetylation were noted during DPC mineralisation processes, while trimethylation H3K9 and H3K27 marks decreased, and the HDAC-inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) enhanced H3K27me3. These results highlight a dynamic alteration in histone acetylation during mineralisation and indicate the relevance of Class II HDAC expression in tooth development and regenerative processes.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Dentina , Dentinogênese , Histona Desacetilases , Animais , Acetilação , Ratos , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Dentina/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Histonas/metabolismo , Dente Molar/metabolismo , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Odontoblastos/metabolismo , Masculino
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