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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(6): 321, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To obtain and compare the protein profiles of supernumerary and normal permanent dental pulp tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental pulp tissues were obtained from supernumerary and normal permanent teeth. Proteins were extracted and analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS). Protein identification and quantification from MS data was performed with MaxQuant. Statistical analysis was conducted using Metaboanalyst to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) (P-value < 0.05, fold-change > 2). Gene Ontology enrichment analyses were performed with gProfiler. RESULTS: A total of 3,534 proteins were found in normal dental pulp tissue and 1,093 in supernumerary dental pulp tissue, with 174 DEPs between the two groups. This analysis revealed similar functional characteristics in terms of cellular component organization, cell differentiation, developmental process, and response to stimulus, alongside exclusive functions unique to normal permanent dental pulp tissues such as healing, vascular development and cell death. Upon examination of DEPs, these proteins were associated with the processes of wound healing and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a comprehensive understanding of the protein profile of dental pulp tissue, including the first such profiling of supernumerary permanent dental pulp. There are functional differences between the proteomic profiles of supernumerary and normal permanent dental pulp tissue, despite certain biological similarities between the two groups. Differences in protein expression were identified, and the identified DEPs were linked to the healing and apoptosis processes. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This discovery enhances our knowledge of supernumerary and normal permanent pulp tissue, and serves as a valuable reference for future studies on supernumerary teeth.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Dente Supranumerário , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Humanos , Dente Supranumerário/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Dentição Permanente , Criança
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11621, 2024 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773252

RESUMO

Despite advancements in vital pulp therapy (VPT), a subset of cases fails to achieve desired outcomes. This study based on a previous large-scale cohort study involving 1257 VPT-treated teeth, aiming to describe the demographic data and clinical characteristics of all failed cases and their management protocols. Clinical records/images of 105 failed cases treated by a single endodontist (2011-2022) were examined, including 10 extracted teeth. Asymptomatic cases with PDL widening received no intervention, while others underwent management protocols, including (selective) RCT and (tampon) re-VPT. These retreatments were assessed for success (defined as radiographic evidence of healing) and survival (characterized by the retention/function of the treated tooth) using Kaplan-Meier analysis. While 51.4% of all initial failures were diagnosed due to symptoms, 48.6% were symptom-free. Notably, failed cases with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, and apical periodontitis/widened PDL before initial treatment significantly outnumbered asymptomatic cases and normal PDL, respectively (P = 0.001). Moreover, most of the initial failures were observed in teeth with composite resin rather than amalgam restorations (P = 0.002). The success and survival rates for the management protocols were 91.78% and 95.79%, respectively, over an average follow-up period of 36.94 (± 23.30) months. RCT and re-VPT procedures provide successful outcomes for managing unsuccessful VPTs.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Pulpite/terapia , Polpa Dentária , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e034, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747821

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acid challenge on the activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the Dentinoenamel junction of primary and permanent teeth submitted to radiotherapy. For this purpose, a total of 178 dental fragments obtained from molars were used, and randomly divided into 2 groups (primary and permanent teeth) / 4 experimental subgroups (irradiated and non-irradiated, demineralized and non-demineralized). The fragments were exposed to radiation, with a dose fraction of 2 Gy, for 5 consecutive days, until a total dose of 60 Gy was reached, with a total of 30 cycles, for 6 weeks. To determine the activity of MMPs on the dentinoenamel junction (DEJ), in situ zymography assays on 0.6mm dental fragments were performed. To assess whether MMP activity would be impacted by an acidic environment, the fragments were placed in a demineralizing solution (pH of 4.8). The finding was that irradiation activated MMPs in DEJ and these effects were more evident in permanent when compared with primary teeth. When the effect of an acid challenge on MMPs activity was investigated, demineralization was observed not to increase MMPs activity in non-irradiated teeth, but it did increase MMPs activity in irradiated teeth. In conclusion, an acid challenge was found to exacerbate activation of MMPs in DEJ of permanent teeth submitted to irradiation, but not in primary teeth.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/efeitos da radiação , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/análise , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Dente Decíduo/efeitos da radiação , Dente Decíduo/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/enzimologia , Dentição Permanente , Distribuição Aleatória , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Desmineralização do Dente , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Variância , Valores de Referência , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos da radiação , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 21(1): 1-8, abr.-2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232707

RESUMO

Introducción: El tratamiento pulpar de dientes inmaduros es un procedimiento desafi ante. Los dientes inmaduros tienen unos conductos anchos, paredes dentinarias delgadas y ápices abiertos, además de ser más propensos a la fractura y con mal pronóstico a largo plazo. La revascularización de un diente inmaduro intenta preservar los dientes el mayor tiempo posible, pero hay fracasos porque es difícil lograr una desinfección óptima del sistema de conductos radiculares. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfi ca consultando las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed y Web of cience de los últimos 10 años, utilizando palabras clave y criterios de elegibilidad. Resultados: El proceso de búsqueda arrojó 635 artículos totales. Tras aplicar fi ltros, eliminar duplicados y seleccionar artículos por título y resumen, solo 27 fueron para el estudio. Conclusiones: La revitalización pulpar tiene altas tasas de supervivencia en el tratamiento de dientes permanentes inmaduros necróticos. Son necesarios ensayos clínicos aleatorios para comparar el efecto de la fi brina rica en plaquetas, el plasma rico en plaquetas y el sangrado inducido sobre la revitalización de un diente con pulpa necrótica. Uno de los principales problemas de la revitalización pulpar es la decoloración coronal. La triple pasta antibiótica es un agente antimicrobiano muy efi caz, pero las altas concentraciones podrían tener un efecto perjudicial sobre la supervivencia de las células madre. (AU)


Introduction: Treatment of affected immature teeth is a challenging procedure. Immature teeth have wide canals, thin dentin walls and open apices, in addition to being more prone to fracture and with a poor long-term prognosis. Revascularization of an immature tooth attempts to preserve the teeth as long as possible, but there are failures because it is diffi cult to achieve optimal disinfection of the root canal system. Methods: An exhaustive search was carried out by consulting the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science of the last 10 years, using keywords and eligibility criteria. Results: The search process yielded 635 total articles. After applying fi lters, eliminating duplicates and selecting articles by title and abstract, only 27 were for the present study. Conclusions: Pulp revitalization has high survival rates in the treatment of necrotic immature permanent teeth. Randomized clinical trials are needed to compare the effect of platelet-richfi brin, platelet-rich plasma, and induced bleeding on the revitalization of a tooth with necrotic pulp. One of the main problems of pulp revitalization is coronal discoloration. Triple antibiotic paste is a very effective antimicrobial agent, but high concentrations could have a detrimental effect on stem cell survival. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Dentição Permanente , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Regeneração , Dente Decíduo
5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 275, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668793

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of cryotherapy on haemostasis, post-operative pain, and the outcome of full pulpotomy performed in mature permanent teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included sixty mature permanent mandibular molar teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis and no periapical rarefaction. After coronal pulp tissue amputation, teeth were randomly allocated to one of two groups (n = 30 each). In group I (conventional pulpotomy), a sterile cotton pellet moistened with 2.5% NaOCl was used for haemostasis. In group II (cryotherapy), the pulp chamber was continuously lavaged with 2.50C normal saline solution for haemostasis using an indigenous portable cryotherapy irrigation unit. Following haemostasis, the pulp was capped with mineral trioxide aggregate and the tooth was restored with resin composite. The time taken to achieve haemostasis was recorded. Preoperative and 24, 48 and 72 h postoperative pain was measured using the Numerical Rating Scale. The pulpotomy outcome was assessed at the 12-month follow-up. Data were analyzed using Fischer's exact test, two-sample t-test, two-sample Wilcoxon rank-sum test, Friedman Test, and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. RESULTS: The cryotherapy group achieved haemostasis in less time (p < 0.05). There was a significant pain reduction at 24 and 48 h in the cryotherapy group when compared with the conventional pulpotomy group (P < 0.005). The overall success rate of pulpotomy after 12 months was 88% (n = 22) in both study groups(p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cryotherapy application reduces postoperative pain and has no adverse effect on the outcome of pulpotomy in permanent teeth with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The cryotherapy can be incorporated in pulpotomy protocol as an adjunct to minimize post-operative pain.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Crioterapia , Dente Molar , Dor Pós-Operatória , Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Silicatos , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Pulpite/terapia , Pulpite/cirurgia , Crioterapia/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Resultado do Tratamento , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Medição da Dor , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Dentição Permanente , Adolescente
6.
J Dent ; 145: 104994, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of near-infrared imaging (NIRI) and unaided visual examination (UVE) in detecting proximal caries in permanent dentition in comparison with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: Patients who underwent NIRI, UVE, and CBCT imaging within 1 week were enrolled. Using CBCT as the reference test, the positive percent agreement (PPA), negative percent agreement (NPA), and overall percent agreement (OPA) of NIRI, UVE, and a combination of the two for detecting proximal caries at different depths and in different tooth locations were assessed. Additionally, the consistency of these diagnostic methods with CBCT was evaluated. RESULTS: We evaluated 6,084 proximal surfaces and identified 177 CBCT-positive sites. NIRI had a PPA, NPA, and OPA of 68.93 %, 99.09 %, and 98.21 %, respectively, with a substantial agreement with CBCT. When combined with UVE, the PPA increased by approximately 50 % compared with that of UVE alone. Regarding caries at different depths, NIRI outperformed UVE in detecting initial caries (ICDAS 1-2) over moderate-to-advanced caries (ICDAS 3-6). However, the combined use of NIRI and UVE improved the detection of moderate-to-advanced caries. In the anterior teeth region, NIRI exhibited excellent agreement with CBCT, surpassing its performance in the posterior region. CONCLUSIONS: Although NIRI cannot fully replace radiographic methods, the substantial agreement of NIRI with CBCT in detecting proximal caries highlights its potential as a complementary tool in routine caries screening, especially when combined with UVE. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights the potential of NIRI as a radiation-free method for detecting proximal caries in permanent teeth. Early detection through regular NIRI scanning can lead to timely intervention, improved patient outcomes, and reduced overall disease burden.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Cárie Dentária , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 496, 2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulpotomy procedures aiming to preserve and regenerate the dentin-pulp complex have recently increased exponentially due to developments in the field of biomaterials and tissue engineering in primary and permanent teeth. Although the number of studies in this domain has increased, there is still scarcity of evidence in the current literature. OBJECTIVES: (1) Report the methods of outcome assessment of pulpotomy clinical trials in both primary and permanent teeth; (2) Identify the various bioactive agents and biodegradable scaffolds used in pulpotomy clinical trials in both primary and permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was performed, including a search of primary studies on PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ProQuest and Clinicaltrials.gov. A search for controlled trials or randomized controlled trials published between 2012 and 2023 involving primary or permanent teeth receiving partial or full pulpotomy procedures using bioactive/regenerative capping materials was performed. RESULTS: 127 studies out of 1038 articles fulfilled all the inclusion criteria and were included in the current scoping review. More than 90% of the studies assessed clinical and radiographic outcomes. Histological, microbiological, or inflammatory outcomes were measured in only 9.4% of all included studies. Majority of the studies (67.7%) involved primary teeth. 119 studies used non-degradable bioactive cements, while biodegradable scaffolds were used by 32 studies, natural derivates and plant extracts studies were used in only 7 studies. Between 2012 (4 studies) and 2023 (11 studies), there was a general increase in the number of articles published. India, Egypt, Turkey, and Iran were found to have the highest total number of articles published (28, 28,16 and 10 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Pulpotomy studies in both primary and permanent teeth relied mainly on subjective clinical and radiographic outcome assessment methods and seldom analyzed pulpal inflammatory status objectively. The use of biodegradable scaffolds for pulpotomy treatments has been increasing with an apparent global distribution of most of these studies in low- to middle-income countries. However, the development of a set of predictable outcome measures as well as long-term evidence from well conducted clinical trials for novel pulpotomy dressing materials are still required.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Pulpotomia , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Dentição Permanente , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/uso terapêutico , Alicerces Teciduais
8.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 25(2): 277-284, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427158

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate temporary fillings using Biodentine™ in asymptomatic deep carious lesions after 12, 24, and 36 months in school children from the remote village of Kerung, Nepal. METHODS: From November 2018 to November 2019, 91 temporary fillings were placed using Biodentine™ (a hydraulic calcium silicate cement) in permanent molars with deep carious lesions of schoolchildren in the remote district of Kerung, Nepal. These restorations were performed after selective caries removal in a non-dental setting with hand instruments and cotton roll isolation, as electric motors and saliva ejection systems were unavailable. In total, 78 single-surface and 13 multi-surface fillings were placed. Clinical and radiographic follow-up periods encompassed 12, 21, and 33 months, respectively. RESULTS: After 12 months, all single-surface fillings (100%) survived, whilst all multi-surface fillings were partially or entirely lost. The survival rate of single-surface restorations after 21 and 33 months was 67.6% and 50%, respectively. Radiographically, no pathology was observed. CONCLUSION: This study showed that Biodentine could be used in deep carious lesions as a temporary filling in single-surface lesions for at least up to 1 year and in a substantial number of cases for up to 21 and 33 months.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Cárie Dentária , Silicatos , Humanos , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Criança , Seguimentos , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Masculino , Nepal , Restauração Dentária Temporária , Dente Molar , Dentição Permanente , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/uso terapêutico
9.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 84: 127435, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547726

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Contamination with heavy metals (HM) has great environmental consequences in the environment due to lack of biodegradation, in addition, accumulation in living beings causes defects in tissues and organs, deteriorating their function and inducing a wide spectrum of diseases. Human biomonitoring consists of the periodic measurement of a certain chemical substance or metabolite in a particular population, using matrices that can be acute or chronic. Teeth are chronic matrices that have great characteristics of resistance and chronological storage of information. This review aims to identify the mechanisms, spatial location, and affinity of HM within teeth, along with understanding its applicability as a chronological record matrix in the face of HM contamination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search review was performed using the PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus metasearch engines, and the terms "teeth" OR "dental" OR "tooth" AND "heavy metals" were intersected. Complete articles are included in Spanish, English and Portuguese without time restrictions, involving studies in humans or in vitro; Letters to the editor, editorials and those that did not refer to information on the incorporation and relationship of HM with the teeth were excluded. RESULTS: 837 published articles were detected, 91 were adjusted to the search objective, and 6 were manually included. Teeth are structures with a great capacity for information retention in the face of HM contamination due to low physiological turnover and their long processes of marked formations by developmental biorhythm milestones such as the neonatal line (temporal reference indicator). The contamination mechanisms inside the tooth are linked to the affinity of hydroxyapatite for HM; this incorporation can be in the soft matrix during the apposition phase or as part of the chemical exchanges between hydroxyapatite and the elements of the environment. CONCLUSION: The teeth present unique characteristics of great resistance and affinity for HM, as well as a chronological biomarker for human biomonitoring, so they can be used as means of expertise or evidence to confirm or rule out a fact of environmental characteristics in the legal field.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Metais Pesados , Humanos , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/análise , Dente Decíduo/química , Dente Decíduo/metabolismo , Dentição Permanente
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 381, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orphan children represent a category of children who lost their family support. Their health status is poorer when compared to their parented counterparts. As the most prevalent disease in the world, dental caries is expected to affect orphans greatly. Being vulnerable, health status of orphan children must be monitored and studied; so that health improvement plans would be formulated. Therefore, this systematic review focuses on the extent of the dental caries problem among institutionalized orphan children and its determinants. METHODS: The review has two outcomes: comparing caries experience of institutionalized children to their parented counterparts, and reviewing the determinants of caries in the exposure group. Two systematic searches (one for each outcome) were run on MedLine via PubMed, Cochrane library, LILACS, Egyptian knowledge bank (EKB) and Google Scholar; beside hand search and searching grey literature. RESULTS: The searches yielded 17,760, followed by 16,242 records for the first and second outcomes respectively. The full text was screened for 33 and 103 records for the two outcomes respectively; after translating non-English reports. Finally, the review included 9 records to address the first outcome and 21 records for the second. The pooled results showed that the exposure group may show slightly poorer caries experience regarding permanent teeth (pooled mean difference of DMF = 0.09 (-0.36, 0.55)); but they have a much poorer caries experience regarding primary teeth health (pooled mean difference of dmf = (0.64 (-0.74, 2.01)). Meta-analysis of the caries determinants showed that institutionalization increases the risk of caries by 19%. Gender showed slight effect on caries risk with males being more affected; while primary teeth revealed higher risk of caries when compared to permanent teeth. CONCLUSION: Limited by the heterogeneity and risk of bias of the included studies, meta-analyses concluded that institutionalized orphan children have higher risk of caries. Yet, the institutionalization circumstances were not well-documented in all the included studies. So, the complete picture of the children's condition was not possibly sketched. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Protocol has been registered online on the PROSPERO database with an ID CRD42023443582 on 24/07/2023.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Masculino , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentição Permanente
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 162: 105961, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547646

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dental agenesis data in modern and premodern sub-Saharan Africans are presented by region, West, Central, East, and South, and by sex. Beyond characterizing the anomaly, comparisons are made with other populations and future work is encouraged. The findings should be of use to dental clinicians and anthropologists. METHODS: Agenesis of the UI2, LI1, UP2, LP2, UM3, and LM3 was recorded in 52 discrete samples of mainly skeletal dentitions (n = 2162) from across the subcontinent. After dividing into temporal categories, regional pooling was effected for adequate sample sizes across the vast geographic area. Only adults were included to record M3 status. Analyses included 95% confidence intervals and chi-square comparisons by region and sex. RESULTS: Of 1668 modern individuals 2.3% have UI2-LP2 agenesis (CI 1.6-3.1%). Regional and sex differences are non-significant, though females are most affected. For M3s it is 7.0% (5.7-8.4%), with the Central region sample differing significantly from the East and South. Females again have greater prevalence, with the difference in the West significant. UI2-LP2 agenesis affects 0.6% of 494 premodern individuals (0.1-1.8%), while M3 agenesis is 8.5% (6.1-11.5%). None of these differences are significant. CONCLUSIONS: Rates are toward the low end of global ranges, including 0.0-12.6% for UI2-LP2 from case reports, and 5.3-56.0% for M3 agenesis. With exceptions, generally insignificant inter-region differences imply that rates reasonably represent sub-Saharan peoples overall. Results will be of interest to anthropologists, but those related to risk factors, patterning, and prevalence may assist clinicians in tailoring treatment, while informing patients how this anomaly differs by population ancestry.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Prevalência , Anodontia/epidemiologia , Dentição Permanente , Caracteres Sexuais , África Subsaariana/epidemiologia
12.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 343, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Root canal treatment procedures require a thorough understanding of root and canal anatomy. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the morphological differences of teeth root and their canals assessed using cone-beam computed and micro-computed tomography in Saudi Arabian population. METHODOLOGY: An electronic search was conducted in PubMed / Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science databases until January 2023 to retrieve related studies. "Root canal morphology," "Saudi Arabia," "Micro-CT," and "cone-beam computed tomography" were used as keywords. A modified version of previously published risk of bias assessment tool was used to determine the quality assessment of included studies. RESULTS: The literature search revealed 47 studies that matched the criteria for inclusion, out of which 44 studies used cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and three were micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) studies. According to the modified version of risk of bias assessment tool, the studies were categorized as low, moderate, and high risk of bias. A total of 47,612 samples were included which comprised of either maxillary teeth (5,412), or mandibular teeth (20,572), and mixed teeth (21,327). 265 samples were used in micro-CT studies while 47,347 teeth samples were used in CBCT studies. Among the CBCT studies, except for three, all the studies were retrospective studies. Frequently used imaging machine and software were 3D Accuitomo 170 and Morita's i-Dixel 3D imaging software respectively. Minimum and maximum voxel sizes were 75 and 300 µm, Vertucci's classification was mostly used to classify the root canal morphology of the teeth. The included micro-CT studies were in-vitro studies where SkyScan 1172 X-ray scanner was the imaging machine with pixel size ranging between 13.4 and 27.4 µm. Vertucci, Ahmed et al. and Pomeranz et al. classifications were applied to classify the root canal morphology. CONCLUSION: This systematic review revealed wide variations in root and canal morphology of Saudi population using high resolution imaging techniques. Clinicians should be aware of the common and unusual root and canal anatomy before commencing root canal treatment. Future micro-CT studies are needed to provide additional qualitative and quantitative data presentations.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Arábia Saudita , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5840, 2024 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462644

RESUMO

Non-syndromic permanent tooth agenesis affects a significant proportion of the population, especially if third molars are considered. Although tooth agenesis has been linked to a smaller craniofacial size, reduced facial convexity and a shorter skeletal face, the occlusal characteristics of individuals with tooth agenesis remain largely unexplored. Therefore, this study investigated potential associations between tooth agenesis and metric occlusal traits in 806 individuals (491 with 4.1 missing teeth per subject, including third molars, and 315 without any tooth agenesis). Dentoskeletal morphology was defined through anatomical landmarks on pre-treatment cephalometric radiographs. Multivariate regression models, adjusted for sex and age, showed that tooth agenesis was significantly associated with a reduced overjet, an increased interincisal angle, and shorter upper and lower dental arch lengths, but not with overbite. Moreover, apart from reduced tooth length and dentoalveolar effects, as the number of missing teeth increased the upper front teeth were progressively retruded according to the craniofacial complex and to the face. Thus, tooth agenesis has a substantial influence on dental and occlusal characteristics, as well as on the sagittal position and inclination of anterior teeth. These findings emphasize the necessity for personalized, multidisciplinary approaches in individuals with multiple agenesis to successfully meet treatment goals.


Assuntos
Anodontia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Dente , Humanos , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentição Permanente , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Anodontia/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefalometria , Dente Serotino
14.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541128

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Addressing deep carious lesions poses significant challenges in daily dental practice due to the inherent complexity of their treatment. Traditionally, complete removal of carious tissues has been the norm, potentially leading to pulp tissue exposure and subsequent pulpitis. In contemporary dentistry, there is a growing preference for minimally invasive techniques, such as selective removal, offering a more conservative approach with enhanced predictability and success rates. Materials and Methods: Our study commenced with a comprehensive systematic review. After that, we performed a meta-analysis focused exclusively on randomized controlled trials involving permanent dentition. Our investigation incorporated seven selected articles, which scrutinized success rates and the incidence of pulp exposure in minimally invasive techniques (MIT) versus conventional techniques (CT). Statistical analysis employed U Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests to interpret the results. Results: Although the difference did not reach statistical significance, MIT demonstrated marginally superior success rates compared to CT. Furthermore, MIT exhibited a lower percentage of pulp exposure when contrasted with CT. However, due to the limited sample size, statistical significance for this difference could not be established. Conclusions: Minimally invasive techniques for caries removal emerge as a conservative and promising approach to safeguard pulp tissues in comparison to conventional techniques. The need for additional randomized controlled trials is emphasized to unequivocally establish the superior success rates of these procedures over their conventional counterparts.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Assistência Odontológica , Tamanho da Amostra , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia
15.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541149

RESUMO

The gradual movement of a tooth away from the occlusal plane is called infraocclusion or reinclusion. Reincluded teeth are most often deciduous molars, and permanent teeth are less frequently affected. Depending on the level of the infraocclusion, the severity of the disorder is classified as mild, moderate, or severe. The etiology of the phenomenon is not fully known. Tooth submerging can lead to serious complications, such as abnormal position of adjacent teeth, displacement of the bud of the permanent successor, shortening of the dental arch, or developmental disturbances of alveolar process. Early diagnosis of the tooth infraocclusion and regular monitoring of its progression help to avoid serious permanent sequelae. The treatment of reinclusion often involves only observation. However, in some cases, the therapeutic procedure requires interdisciplinary treatment by specialists from various fields of dentistry. This study presents current methods of diagnosis and treatment of patients with submerged teeth.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Dente Decíduo , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico , Má Oclusão/etiologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Mandíbula , Erupção Dentária
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 397, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to summarize the clinical features of non-syndromic late developing supernumerary teeth (LDST) and comparisons with common supernumerary teeth (ST) and explore the association between LDST and the third dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospected cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and medical history of 41,903 consecutive patients from January to December 2021. Comparisons between ST and LDST were evaluated by Chi-square test or Fisher exact test. Correlation between chronological age and dental stage age was evaluated by Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to explore the features of LDST originating from the third dentition. RESULTS: Sixty patients with 126 non-syndromic LDST and 1602 patients with 1988 non-syndromic ST were identified. The prevalence of ST and LDST was 3.82% and 0.14%, respectively, with a male-female ratio of 1.78:1 and 1.31:1. LDST patients mainly had LDST in multiple (58.33%) and bilaterally (41.67%), with an average of 2.1/patient. Most LDST were normal-shaped (84.13%), vertically oriented (71.43%), located in the mandible (80.16%), and distributed in the premolar region (82.54%). The study also indicated that the development of LDST was correlated with permanent teeth, with LDST developing 6.48 to 10.45 years later. In this study, 72.22% of LDST met the clinical criteria for the third dentition. CONCLUSIONS: LDST manifested different clinical features from common ST. LDST might be closely related to the third dentition. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This work would help to comprehend LDST from a clinical perspective, and may be complementary to the criteria of the third dentition.


Assuntos
Dente Supranumerário , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Supranumerário/epidemiologia , Dentição , Dentição Permanente , Dente Pré-Molar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
17.
Arch Oral Biol ; 162: 105945, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to carry out a systematic review of observational studies searching the association between salivary factors (amount and quality of saliva) and noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) in individuals with permanent dentition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies performed in humans with permanent dentition (population) and considering noncarious cervical lesions (outcome) in association with salivary characteristics (exposure) were included. PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, LILACS/BBO, Scopus, Embase, IBCT, NICE, OpenGrey, and Google Scholar were searched, with no language or date restrictions. Of 6561 potentially eligible studies, 142 were selected for full-text analysis. Three reviewers independently selected the studies, performed data extraction, and quality analysis through the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. RESULTS: Finally, ten references were included in the review, four case-control and six cross-sectional studies. Several salivary parameters were evaluated. Some parameters were considered associated with the presence of noncarious cervical lesions: salivary buffering capacity, salivary pH, citric acid, and calcium and potassium levels. The methodological quality varied across studies, with high heterogeneity among them. CONCLUSIONS: Some associations between saliva and NCCL suggesting protective factors and others risk factors were found. However, the evidence is sparse and comes from a few studies with great heterogeneity. New scientific evidence, with standardized methods, should be encouraged. Understanding salivary parameters that influence the occurrence of NCCL is important to guide dentists in relation to etiological factors that could potentially be neglected. The results may help in the development of new and early diagnostic methods and treatments for noncarious cervical lesions.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Colo do Dente , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
18.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 121-125, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475960

RESUMO

Regional odontodysplasia (ROD) is a localized developmental anomaly involving deciduous and permanent dentition, with a significant impact on patients. The affected teeth display unique ghost-like radiological characteristics, clinically manifesting as delayed tooth eruption, abnormal tooth morphology, and recurrent swelling of gingiva. In this paper, we report a case of a 2-year-old patient with ROD whose chief complaint was facial cellulitis. We analyze the medical history, clinical examination, radiographic findings, and histologic findings, and review the pathological features, pathogenesis, multidisciplinary diagnosis, and treatment of ROD. This rare case, which offers clinical samples for its further study, can provide a deeper study of ROD.


Assuntos
Odontodisplasia , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Odontodisplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Odontodisplasia/patologia , Celulite (Flegmão) , Face/patologia , Dentição Permanente , Radiografia
19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 29(3): e06752023, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451648

RESUMO

The aim was to associate living, health and oral health conditions with the quality of life (QL) of children and adolescents (CA) with sickle cell disease (SCD). Of the 120 eligible users of a public hematological service, 106 CA with SCD from 6 to 18 years of age, and their caregivers, answered semi-structured questions about socio-demographic, health and oral health conditions. For QL, we used the validated instrument PedsQLSCD™. The oral clinical examination occurred according to the guidelines of WHO and SB Brazil 2010. The majority of CA were non-white people (88%), mean age of 10.4 (±2.9) years, family income of up to two monthly minimum wages, for 03 to 05 members, with diagnosis of sickle cell anemia by neonatal screening, hospitalizations were due allergic crises, polypharmacy and dental caries (51%) were present. "About the Impact of My Pain" was the best-fit model for the QLSCD (adjusted R²=56%; AIC=28.67; p=0.04). Dental caries in permanent dentition worsened the QLSCD (OR=0.53; IC95%=0.35-0.78; p<0.05) and was associated with the type of school, car ownership, number of family members, of complications and of the medications. To overcome this scenario, programmatic actions are required, and implementation of public policies specifically directed towards these groups.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Adolescente , Dentição Permanente , Qualidade de Vida , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Anemia Falciforme/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia
20.
J Dent ; 144: 104923, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This paper evaluated the success rates of pulpotomy, compared its efficacy with non-surgical root canal treatment (NSRCT), evaluated different pulpotomy techniques, and analyzed the effectiveness of contemporary bioactive materials in managing irreversible pulpitis in mature permanent teeth. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was conducted across multiple databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library. Search was conducted from the inception of each database to the present, adhering to PRISMA 2020 guidelines. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were selected through a multi-step screening process, focusing on adult populations, randomized controlled trials, and single-arm trials. DATA: Fifteen randomized controlled trials and eight single-arm trials were included. For a follow-up period of more than 24 months, pooled clinical success rate of pulpotomy was 92.9 % (95 %CI;82.1-99.0 %), whereas pooled radiographic success rate was 78.5 % (95 %CI;66.7-88.4 %). Meta-analyses showed that there was no significant difference in success rates between pulpotomy and NSRCT, between full and partial pulpotomy techniques, or between Mineral Trioxide Aggregate pulpotomy and Calcium Enriched Mixture pulpotomy. The results indicated comparable efficacy across these variables. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the potential of less invasive treatments. Pulpotomy may be a viable alternative to NSRCT for managing irreversible pulpitis in mature permanent teeth. Limitations such as the low quality of some single-arm trials and the high risk of bias in some randomized controlled trials highlight the need for further research to standardize methodologies and broaden literature inclusion for a more comprehensive understanding of the efficacy of pulpotomy, considering the high success rates reported. Clinical Significance This quantitative systematic review recognizes the potential of full or partial pulpotomy as a viable treatment alternative to root canal therapy for managing irreversible pulpitis in mature permanent teeth. Future studies should aim for standardized protocols to validate these findings and improve patient treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Adulto , Humanos , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Dentição Permanente , Combinação de Medicamentos , Pulpite/terapia , Pulpotomia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados como Assunto
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