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1.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0299311, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408047

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of rest redistribution (RR) on kinetics and kinematics during the hang pull (HP). Twenty-one male athletes (age 29.5 ± 4.3 years, height 1.78 ± 0.07 m, body mass 75.17 ± 11.11 kg, relative one repetition maximum [1RM] power clean [PC] 1.17 ± 0.14 kg.kg-1) performed the HP using 140% of 1RM PC with 3 traditional sets of 6 repetitions (TS), 9 sets of 2 repetitions with RR [45s rest after 2 repetitions] (RR45) and 6 sets of 3 repetitions with RR [72s rest after 3 repetitions] (RR72). Peak velocity (PV) was higher during RR72 (1.18 ± 0.11 m.s-1) compared to RR45 (1.14 ± 0.11 m.s-1) for the average of 18 repetitions (p = 0.025, g = 0.36). There was a main effect for set configuration with greater peak force (PF) (p < 0.001, g = 0.14) during RR72 compared to RR45, with greater PV and impulse (p < 0.001, g = 0.19-0.36) during RR72 compared to RR45. There was also greater peak velocity maintenance (PVM) (p = 0.042, g = 0.44) for RR72 compared to RR45. There were no significant or meaningful differences (p > 0.05, g = 0.00-0.59) between configurations for any other variables. Rest redistribution protocols did not result in significantly or meaningfully greater kinetics or kinematics during the HP when compared to a TS protocol; although performing RR72 resulted in higher PF, PV, and impulse, with improved PVM compared to RR45.


Assuntos
Treinamento de Força , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Treinamento de Força/métodos , Levantamento de Peso , Cinética , Descanso , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético
2.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 45(2): e26587, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339903

RESUMO

Recent years have seen growing interest in characterizing the properties of regional brain dynamics and their relationship to other features of brain structure and function. In particular, multiple studies have observed regional differences in the "timescale" over which activity fluctuates during periods of quiet rest. In the cerebral cortex, these timescales have been associated with both local circuit properties as well as patterns of inter-regional connectivity, including the extent to which each region exhibits widespread connectivity to other brain areas. In the current study, we build on prior observations of an association between connectivity and dynamics in the cerebral cortex by investigating the relationship between BOLD fMRI timescales and the modular organization of structural and functional brain networks. We characterize network community structure across multiple scales and find that longer timescales are associated with greater within-community functional connectivity and diverse structural connectivity. We also replicate prior observations of a positive correlation between timescales and structural connectivity degree. Finally, we find evidence for preferential functional connectivity between cortical areas with similar timescales. We replicate these findings in an independent dataset. These results contribute to our understanding of functional brain organization and structure-function relationships in the human brain, and support the notion that regional differences in cortical dynamics may in part reflect the topological role of each region within macroscale brain networks.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Córtex Cerebral , Humanos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Descanso , Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298031, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test the association of rest-activity rhythm (intradaily variability and interdaily stability) with all-cause mortality in an older adult cohort in Brazil. It also assesses whether the amount of time spent at each intensity level (i.e., physical activity and nocturnal sleep) interferes with this association. METHODS: This cohort study started in 2014 with older adults (≥60 years). We investigated deaths from all causes that occurred until April 2017. Rest-activity rhythm variables were obtained using accelerometry at baseline. Intradaily variability indicates higher rhythm fragmentation, while interdaily stability indicates higher rhythm stability. Cox proportional-hazard models were used to test the associations controlling for confounders. RESULTS: Among the 1451 older adults interviewed in 2014, 965 presented valid accelerometry data. During the follow-up period, 80 individuals died. After adjusting the analysis for sociodemographic, smoking, morbidity score, and number of medicines, an increase of one standard deviation in interdaily stability decreased 26% the risk of death. The adjustment for total sleep time and inactivity did not change this association. On the other hand, the association was no longer significant after adjusting for overall physical activity and moderate to vigorous physical activity. CONCLUSION: Rest-activity rhythm pattern was not associated with mortality when physical activity was considered, possibly because this pattern could be driven by regular exercise. Promoting physical activity remains a relevant strategy to improve population health.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Sono , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Descanso , Exercício Físico
4.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 18(2): 1-14, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324235

RESUMO

Aberrant intrinsic brain networks are consistently observed in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. However, studies examining the strength of functional connectivity across brain regions have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the functional connectivity of the resting brain in children with low-functioning autism, including during the early developmental stages. We explored the functional connectivity of 43 children with autism spectrum disorder and 54 children with typical development aged 2 to 12 years using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data. We used independent component analysis to classify the brain regions into six intrinsic networks and analyzed the functional connectivity within each network. Moreover, we analyzed the relationship between functional connectivity and clinical scores. In children with autism, the under-connectivities were observed within several brain networks, including the cognitive control, default mode, visual, and somatomotor networks. In contrast, we found over-connectivities between the subcortical, visual, and somatomotor networks in children with autism compared with children with typical development. Moderate effect sizes were observed in entire networks (Cohen's d = 0.43-0.77). These network alterations were significantly correlated with clinical scores such as the communication sub-score (r = - 0.442, p = 0.045) and the calibrated severity score (r = - 0.435, p = 0.049) of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. These opposing results observed based on the brain areas suggest that aberrant neurodevelopment proceeds in various ways depending on the functional brain regions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Criança , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Encéfalo , Descanso
5.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0296827, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346024

RESUMO

Prior research has identified a variety of task-dependent networks that form through inter-regional phase-locking of oscillatory activity that are neural correlates of specific behaviors. Despite ample knowledge of task-specific functional networks, general rules governing global phase relations have not been investigated. To discover such general rules, we focused on phase modularity, measured as the degree to which global phase relations in EEG comprised distinct synchronized clusters interacting with one another at large phase lags. Synchronized clusters were detected with a standard community-detection algorithm, and the degree of phase modularity was quantified by the index q. Notably, we found that the mechanism controlling phase modularity is remarkably simple. A network comprising anterior-posterior long-distance connectivity coherently shifted phase relations from low-angles (|Δθ| < π/4) in low-modularity states (bottom 5% in q) to high-angles (|Δθ| > 3π/4) in high-modularity states (top 5% in q), accounting for fluctuations in phase modularity. This anterior-posterior network may play a fundamental functional role as (1) it controls phase modularity across a broad range of frequencies (3-50 Hz examined) in different behavioral conditions (resting with the eyes closed or watching a silent nature video) and (2) neural interactions (measured as power correlations) in beta-to-gamma bands were consistently elevated in high-modularity states. These results may motivate future investigations into the functional roles of phase modularity as well as the anterior-posterior network that controls it.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Olho , Descanso , Encéfalo
6.
Brain Topogr ; 37(2): 169-180, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349451

RESUMO

The analysis of EEG microstates for investigating rapid whole-brain network dynamics during rest and tasks has become a standard practice in the EEG research community, leading to a substantial increase in publications across various affective, cognitive, social and clinical neuroscience domains. Recognizing the growing significance of this analytical method, the authors aim to provide the microstate research community with a comprehensive discussion on methodological standards, unresolved questions, and the functional relevance of EEG microstates. In August 2022, a conference was hosted in Bern, Switzerland, which brought together many researchers from 19 countries. During the conference, researchers gave scientific presentations and engaged in roundtable discussions aiming at establishing steps toward standardizing EEG microstate analysis methods. Encouraged by the conference's success, a special issue was launched in Brain Topography to compile the current state-of-the-art in EEG microstate research, encompassing methodological advancements, experimental findings, and clinical applications. The call for submissions for the special issue garnered 48 contributions from researchers worldwide, spanning reviews, meta-analyses, tutorials, and experimental studies. Following a rigorous peer-review process, 33 papers were accepted whose findings we will comprehensively discuss in this Editorial.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Encéfalo , Humanos , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Descanso
7.
J Strength Cond Res ; 38(3): e116-e124, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416451

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Winwood, PW, Keogh, JW, Travis, SK, Grieve, I, and Pritchard, HJ. The training and tapering practices of Highland Games heavy event athletes. J Strength Cond Res 38(3): e116-e124, 2024-This study provides the first empirical evidence of how Highland Games heavy event athletes train and taper for Highland Games competitions. Athletes (n = 169) (mean ± SD: age 40.8 ± 10.7 years, height 181.2 ± 9.5 cm, weight 107.2 ± 23.0 kg, 18.8 ± 10.3 years of general resistance training, and 8.1 ± 6.9 years of competitive Highland Games experience) completed a self-reported 4-page online survey on training and tapering practices. Analysis by sex (male and female) and competitive standard (local or regional, national, and international) was conducted. Seventy-eight percent (n = 132) of athletes reported that they used a taper. Athletes stated that their taper length was 5.2 ± 3.5 days, with the step (36%) and linear tapers (33%) being the most performed. Athletes reported that their highest training volume and intensity were 5.5 and 3.8 weeks out (respectively) from competition, and all training ceased 2.4 ± 1.4 days before competition. Training volume decreased during the taper by 34%. Athletes typically stated that, tapering was performed to achieve recovery, peak performance, and injury prevention; training intensity, frequency, and duration stayed the same or decreased; game-specific training increased with reductions in traditional exercises; the caber toss, weight for height, and heavy weight throw were performed further out from competition than other events; muscular power and strength were the most common types of training performed; static stretching, foam rolling, and massage were strategies used in the taper; and poor tapering occurred because of life/work circumstances, lack of sleep/rest, or training too heavy/hard. These results may aid Highland Games athletes to optimize training and tapering variables leading to improved performances.


Assuntos
Exercícios de Alongamento Muscular , Treinamento de Força , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atletas , Massagem , Descanso
8.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 243: 104133, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280348

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Self-disclosure is integral to forming intimate connections within interpersonal exchanges. While its advantages are widely acknowledged, the cerebral basis of self-disclosure is not thoroughly understood. Insight into its neural underpinnings is crucial for refining therapeutic approaches, especially for challenges associated with self-disclosure. METHODS: Our study probed the association between spontaneous neural activity, gauged via resting-state fMRI, and self-disclosure tendencies among 258 healthy university students, employing Regional Homogeneity (ReHo) and behavioral correlation analysis. We also explored the mediating effect of self-consciousness on this relationship. RESULTS: The ReHo-behavior correlation analysis uncovered that higher ReHo values in the insula are predictive of greater self-disclosure in social settings. Additionally, the mediation analysis identified self-consciousness as a partial intermediary between spontaneous neural activity in the insula and self-disclosure behaviors. CONCLUSION: The findings imply that decreased similarity in the insula during rest-state may amplify self-conscious emotions such as embarrassment, thus illuminating the cognitive processes that underlie disclosure behaviors. Critically, these insights have practical ramifications for enhancing therapeutic methods and communication skills by aiding individuals in navigating self-consciousness obstacles, thereby promoting more transparent and efficacious self-disclosure.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estado de Consciência , Emoções , Descanso , Mapeamento Encefálico
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 249, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167742

RESUMO

Tennis is a popular leisure sport, and studies have indicated that playing tennis regularly provides many health benefits. We aimed to clarify the characteristics of physical activity during beginner-level group tennis lessons and daily physical activity of the participants. Physical activity was measured using an accelerometer sensor device for four weeks, including the 80-min duration tennis lessons held twice a week. Valid data were categorized for tennis and non-tennis days. The mean physical activity intensity during the tennis lesson was 3.37 METs. The mean ratio of short-bout rest periods to the tennis lesson time in 90 and 120 s was 7% and 4%, respectively. The mean physical activity intensity was significantly higher (p < 0.0001) and the duration of vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) was increased in 76% of participants on days with tennis lessons compared to without tennis lessons. Beginner-level tennis lesson has characteristics of less short-bout rest physical activity than previously reported competitive tennis match and increased the duration of VPA in daily activity compared to without tennis lessons, suggesting that beginner-level tennis lessons contribute physical activity of health benefits.


Assuntos
Esportes , Tênis , Humanos , Exercício Físico , Fatores de Tempo , Descanso
10.
J Exp Biol ; 227(4)2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235553

RESUMO

High-intensity interval training has attracted considerable attention as a time-efficient strategy for inducing physiological adaptations, but the underlying mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. By using metabolomics techniques, we investigated changes in the metabolic network responses in Thoroughbred horses to high-intensity interval exercise performed with two distinct (15 min or 2 min) rest intervals. The peak plasma lactate level was higher during high-intensity exercise with a 2 min rest duration than that with a 15 min rest duration (24.5±6.8 versus 13.3±2.7 mmol l-1). The arterial oxygen saturation was lower at the end of all exercise sessions with a 2 min rest duration than that with a 15 min rest duration. Metabolomic analysis of skeletal muscle revealed marked changes in metabolite concentrations in the first and third bouts of the 15 min rest interval conditions. In contrast, there were no metabolite concentrations or pathways that significantly changed during the third bout of exercise performed with a 2 min rest interval. Our findings suggest that the activity of each energy production system is not necessarily reflected by apparent changes in metabolite concentrations, potentially due in part to a better match between metabolite flux into and out of the pathway and cycle, as well as between metabolite production and disposal. This study provides evidence that changes in metabolite concentrations vary greatly depending on the number of repetitions and the length of rest periods between exercises, even if the exercises themselves are identical.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Humanos , Animais , Cavalos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Terapia por Exercício , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Descanso
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 14, 2024 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trajectories of cognitive function in the oldest old individuals is unclear, and the relationship between resting heart rate (RHR) and cognitive decline is controversial. METHODS: 3300 participants who had cognitive function repeatedly measured 4 ~ 8 times were included, and latent class growth mixed models were used to identified the cognitive function trajectories. Cognitive decline was defined by the trajectory shapes, considering level and slope. After excluding individuals with sinus rhythm abnormal, 3109 subjects were remained and were divided into five groups by their RHR. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the relationship between RHR and cognitive decline. RESULTS: Three distinct cognitive function trajectory groups were identified: high-stable (n = 1226), medium-decreasing (n = 1526), and rapid-decreasing (n = 357). Individuals of medium/rapid-decreasing group were defined as cognitive decline. Adjusting for covariates, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of RHR sub-groups were 1.19 (0.69, 2.05), 1.27 (1.03, 1.56), 1.30 (1.01, 1.67) and 1.62 (1.07, 2.47) for those RHR < 60 bpm, 70 ~ 79 bpm, 80 ~ 89 bpm and > 90 bpm respectively, compared with those RHR 60 ~ 69 bpm. The interaction effect between RHR and physical activity (PA) on cognitive decline was found, and stratification analysis was presented that higher RHR would only show risk effects on cognitive decline in those with physical inactivity (P < 0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates RHR more than 70 bpm present significant risk effect on cognitive decline, and this relationship is modified by PA. Elder population with physical inactivity and higher RHR should be paid more attention to prevent cognitive decline.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Descanso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Descanso/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
PeerJ ; 12: e16754, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250725

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore whether the relationship between perceptual (rating of perceived exertion; RPE) and mechanical (maximal number of repetitions completed [MNR], fastest set velocity, and mean velocity decline) variables is affected by the length of inter-set rest periods during resistance training sets not leading to failure. Twenty-three physically active individuals (15 men and eight women) randomly completed 12 testing sessions resulting from the combination of two exercises (bench press and bench pull), three inter-set rest protocols (1, 3, and 5 min), and two minimal velocity thresholds (farther from muscular failure [MVT0.45 for bench press and MVT0.65 for bench pull] and closer to muscular failure [MVT0.35 for bench press and MVT0.55 for bench pull]). The duration of inter-set rest periods did not have a significant impact on RPE values (p ranged from 0.061 to 0.951). Higher proximities to failure, indicated by lower MVTs, were associated with increased RPE values (p < 0.05 in 19 out of 24 comparisons). Moreover, as the number of sets increased, an upward trend in RPE values was observed (p < 0.05 in seven out of 12 comparisons). Finally, while acknowledging some inconsistencies, it was generally observed that higher magnitudes of the mechanical variables, especially MNR (rs < -0.55 in three out of four comparisons), were associated with lower RPE values. These results, which were comparable for the bench press and bench pull exercises, suggest that post-set RPE values are affected by the fatigue experienced at both the beginning and end of the set.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Treinamento de Força , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Exercício Físico , Fadiga , Descanso
13.
J Patient Rep Outcomes ; 8(1): 7, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38236325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Established health-related quality of life scores do not consider both subjective and objective indices of health. We propose the subjective and objective quality of life score (SOQOL) for the comprehensive assessment of health-related quality of life and aim to provide normative population data. The SOQOL is compatible with smartphone applications, allowing widespread use on a global scale. METHODS: Normative SOQOL population data was sourced from pre-existing datasets on the EQ-5D-5L, daily step count, and walking speed. Normative values were calculated using weighted grand means. We trialled the SOQOL in a group of five patients presenting to a spinal neurosurgery clinic. RESULTS: SOQOL scores decreased with age, and women had lower scores in every age group. In our case series, the spine patients with the biggest SOQOL deficit compared to age- and sex-matched population averages were found to be surgical while the rest were non-surgical. CONCLUSIONS: The SOQOL shows promise as a simple and effective scoring tool that is compatible with smartphones, potentially useful for screening in primary and specialized care settings, and for assessment following healthcare interventions. This study, however, is preliminary, and the findings are primarily suggestive. They underline the necessity for future, more comprehensive studies to validate and expand upon these initial observations. The conclusion of both this abstract and the full paper will clearly state these limitations and the preliminary nature of the study.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Descanso , Smartphone
14.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0290811, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232090

RESUMO

New memories are labile and consolidate over time. Contemporary findings demonstrate that, like sleep, awake quiescence supports consolidation: people remember more new memories if they experience a brief period of post-encoding quiet rest than sensory processing. Furthermore, it was recently demonstrated that the quality of new memories can also be enhanced significantly by awake quiescence. This phenomenon offers great applied potential, for example, in education and eyewitness testimony settings. However, the translation of rest-related gains from the laboratory to everyday life remains poorly characterised and findings are mixed. Here, we report follow-on evidence demonstrating that rest-related gains in visual detail memory may be more challenging to achieve in naturalistic than laboratory-based settings. In contrast to established laboratory findings, using an online version of an established consolidation paradigm, we observed no memory benefit of post-encoding quiescence, relative to an engaging perceptual task, in the retention of detailed visual memories as measured through a lure discrimination task. This null finding could not be explained by intentional rehearsal in those who rested or between-group differences in participants' demographics or mental state, including fatigue and mood. Crucially, post-experimental reports indicated that those in the rest group experienced challenges in initiating and maintaining a state of quiescence, which may account for our null finding. Based on these findings, we propose three areas of focus for future work should rest-related gains in memory be translated from the lab to field: (1) to establish the specific environmental and individual conditions that are conducive and detrimental to awake consolidation, (2) to understand the barriers to initiating and maintaining a state of quiescence in naturalistic settings, and (3) to examine how knowledge of quiescence and its cognitive benefits can encourage the initiation and maintenance of states that are conductive to awake consolidation.


Assuntos
Consolidação da Memória , Memória , Humanos , Descanso/psicologia , Rememoração Mental , Sono , Cognição
15.
Int Endod J ; 57(3): 344-354, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38204205

RESUMO

AIM: Cyst formation of the jaws is frequently accompanied by the proliferation of odontogenic epithelial cells located in the periodontal ligament (PDL), which consists of heterozygous cells and includes the most fibroblasts. The lining epithelium of radicular cyst, an odontogenic cyst of inflammatory origin, is derived from the proliferation of the remnants of the Hertwig epithelial root sheath (odontogenic epithelial cell rests of Malassez; ERMs) in the PDL. ERMs are maintained at a lower proliferative state under physiological conditions, but the regulatory mechanisms underlying the inflammation-dependent enhanced-proliferative capabilities of ERMs are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cytokine pathway association between TGF-ß signalling and IL-1ß signalling on the regulation of odontogenic epithelial cell proliferation using radicular cyst pathological specimens and odontogenic epithelial cell lines. METHODOLOGY: Immunofluorescence analyses were performed to clarify the expression levels of Smad2/3 and Ki-67 in ERMs of 8-week-old mouse molar specimens. In radicular cyst (n = 52) and dentigerous cysts (n = 6) specimens from human patients, the expression of p65 (a main subunit of NF-κB), Smad2/3 and Ki-67 were investigated using immunohistochemical analyses. Odontogenic epithelial cells and PDL fibroblastic cells were co-cultured with or without an inhibitor or siRNAs. Odontogenic epithelial cells were cultured with or without TGF-ß1 and IL-1ß. The proliferative capabilities and Smad2 phosphorylation levels of odontogenic epithelial cells were examined. RESULTS: Immunohistochemically, Smad2/3-positivity was increased, and p65-positivity and Ki-67-positivity were decreased both in ERMs and in the epithelial cells in dentigerous cysts, a non-inflammatory developmental cyst. In contrast, p65-positive cells, along with the expression of Ki-67, were increased and Smad2/3-positive cells were decreased in the lining epithelia of radicular cysts. Co-culture experiments with odontogenic epithelial cells and PDL fibroblastic cells revealed that PDL cells-derived TGF-ß1/2 and their downstream signalling suppressed odontogenic epithelial cell proliferation. Moreover, TGF-ß1 stimulation induced Smad2 phosphorylation and suppressed odontogenic epithelial cell proliferation, while IL-1ß stimulation reversed these phenotypes through p65 transactivation. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that IL-1ß-p65 signalling promotes odontogenic epithelial cell proliferation through suppressing TGF-ß-Smad2 signalling, which would be involved in the pathogenesis of radicular cysts.


Assuntos
Cisto Dentígero , Cistos Odontogênicos , Cisto Radicular , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Cisto Radicular/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Cisto Dentígero/complicações , Cisto Dentígero/metabolismo , Cisto Dentígero/patologia , Antígeno Ki-67 , Descanso , Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Células Epiteliais , Epitélio/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta
16.
Neurosci Lett ; 822: 137645, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237719

RESUMO

The relationship between offline learning gains and functional connectivity (FC) has been investigated in several studies. They have focused on average motor task performance and resting-state FC across subjects. Generally, individual differences are seen in both offline learning gain and neurophysiological profiles in resting-state FC. However, few studies have focused on the relationship between individual differences in offline learning gain and temporal characteristics of resting-state FC. The present study aimed to clarify this relationship between the two profiles. Thirty-four healthy right-handed participants performed a force-controlled motor task. Electroencephalography was performed during the 15-minute wakeful rest period between tasks. The results revealed a significant correlation between offline learning gain and FC between the contralateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and contralateral primary motor cortex (M1), and ipsilateral primary somatosensory cortex (S1) during late phase of the rest interval. These results are consistent with the findings of previous studies showing the FC between M1, which is necessary for awake offline learning, and DLPFC, which is related to motor control. Additionally, sensory feedback related to force control may be caused by the interaction between contralateral DLPFC and ipsilateral S1. Our study shed light on the temporal profiles of resting-state FC associated with individual differences in offline learning.


Assuntos
Córtex Pré-Frontal Dorsolateral , Córtex Motor , Humanos , Córtex Motor/fisiologia , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Descanso , Eletroencefalografia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
17.
Neuropsychologia ; 193: 108757, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38103680

RESUMO

Sustained attention is not constant but fluctuates influencing our task performance. Albeit intensive investigations, it remains unclear whether the attention-fluctuation during tasks is derived from its spontaneous fluctuation in the resting state. Here, we addressed this issue by investigating the attention-fluctuation in both task and resting states, through the EEG measurement of theta-variability. We found significant rest-task modulation of theta-variability, i.e., reduced theta-variability in the task state compared to the resting state. This task and rest modulation was manifested in the low-frequency of theta-variability (<0.1 Hz). Furthermore, the low-frequency theta-variability exhibited a significant rest-task correlation, however, only the low-frequency theta-variability in the task state but not in the resting state was correlated with the behavioral performance. These findings shed light on the low-frequency feature of attention-fluctuation, and advanced our understanding of sustained attention by suggesting that the theta-variability in low-frequencies was relevant to attention level in task state.


Assuntos
Atenção , Encéfalo , Humanos , Descanso , Eletroencefalografia , Ritmo Teta
18.
Int J Sports Med ; 45(2): 116-124, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38109899

RESUMO

This study examined the impact of different inter-repetition rest (IRR) configurations (zero seconds [IRR0], three seconds [IRR3], and self-selected less than five seconds [SSIRR]) on estimating the number of repetitions (Nrep) and the percentage of completed repetitions relative to the maximum number of repetitions possible to failure (%rep) after reaching 10%, 20%, and 30% velocity loss thresholds (VLT). Eighteen men completed three sessions, each with a different IRR configuration, separated by 48-72 hours. Single sets of repetitions to momentary muscular failure were performed against 65%, 75%, and 85% of the one-repetition maximum during free-weight back squat and bench press exercises. No significant differences were reported between IRR configurations for the Nrep (P≥0.089) and %rep (P≥0.061), except for %rep after reaching the 20-30%VLT against 65%1RM and the 10-20%VLT against 75%1RM in the bench press exercise (P≤0.048). Additionally, both Nrep and %rep exhibited high interindividual variability (between-subject CV=14-79%) across the different IRR configurations. The individual %rep-%VLT relationships were slightly stronger than the general %rep-%VLT relationships (median R 2 =0.914-0.971 vs. 0.698-0.900). Overall, regardless of the IRR configuration, this novel velocity-based approach does not guarantee the same effort levels across subjects in the free-weight back squat and bench press sets.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético , Treinamento de Força , Masculino , Humanos , Levantamento de Peso , Exercício Físico , Descanso , Força Muscular
19.
Neurobiol Aging ; 135: 1-14, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142464

RESUMO

Here, we hypothesized that the reactivity of posterior resting-state electroencephalographic (rsEEG) alpha rhythms during the transition from eyes-closed to -open condition might be lower in patients with Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) than in patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD). A Eurasian database provided clinical-demographic-rsEEG datasets in 73 PDD patients, 35 ADD patients, and 25 matched cognitively unimpaired (Healthy) persons. The eLORETA freeware was used to estimate cortical rsEEG sources. Results showed substantial (greater than -10%) reduction (reactivity) in the posterior alpha source activities from the eyes-closed to the eyes-open condition in 88% of the Healthy seniors, 57% of the ADD patients, and only 35% of the PDD patients. In these alpha-reactive participants, there was lower reactivity in the parietal alpha source activities in the PDD group than in the healthy control seniors and the ADD patients. These results suggest that PDD patients show poor reactivity of mechanisms desynchronizing posterior rsEEG alpha rhythms in response to visual inputs. That neurophysiological biomarker may provide an endpoint for (non) pharmacological interventions for improving vigilance regulation in those patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Demência , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Ritmo alfa/fisiologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Demência/etiologia , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Descanso/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia/métodos
20.
J Atten Disord ; 28(4): 493-511, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38152891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stability and developmental effects of electroencephalography (EEG) and event related potential (ERP) correlates of ADHD are understudied. This pilot study examined stability and developmental changes in ERP and EEG metrics of interest. METHODS: Thirty-seven 7 to 11-year-old children with ADHD and 15 typically developing (TD) children completed EEG twice, 11 to 36 months apart. A series of mixed effects linear models were run to examine stability and developmental effects of EEG and ERP metrics. RESULTS: Stability and developmental effects of EEG and ERP correlates of ADHD varied considerably across metrics. P3 amplitude was stable over time and showed diverging developmental trajectories across groups. Developmental differences were apparent in error related ERPs and resting aperiodic exponent. Theta-beta ratio was stable over time among all children. CONCLUSIONS: Developmental trajectories of EEG and ERP correlates of ADHD are candidate diagnostic markers. Replication with larger samples is needed.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Humanos , Criança , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Projetos Piloto , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados , Descanso
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