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1.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 53(4): e13064, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841825

RESUMO

There are different strains of laboratory mouse used in many different fields. These strains differ anatomically. In order to determine these anatomical differences, shape analysis was conducted according to species. CD-1, C57bl/6 and Balb-c strains were preferred to study these differences. Forty-eight adult mouse strains belonging to these strains were utilized. The bones were photographed and geometric morphometry was applied to these photographs. Principal Component Analysis was applied to determine shape variations. In Principal component 1 for cranium, CD-1 and C57bl/6 strain groups showed different shape variations, while Balb-c strain group showed similar shape variations to the other strain groups. Principal Component 1 for the mandible separated the CD-1 and C57bl/6 strain groups in terms of shape variation. Principal Component 2 explained most of the variation between the C57bl/6 and CD-1 lineage groups. In PC1 for molars, the CD-1 group showed a different shape variation from the other groups. Mahalanobis distances and Procrustes distances were measured using Canonical variance analysis to explain the differences between the lineage groups. These measurements were statistically significant. For cranium, in canonical variate 1, CD-1 group of mouse and Balb-c group of mouse were separated from each other. In canonical variate 2, C57bl/6 group of mouse were separated from the other groups. For mandible, Balb-c group of mouse in canonical variate 1 and CD-1 group of mouse in canonical variate 2 were separated from the other groups. For molars, CD-1 group of mouse in canonical variate 1 and Balb-c group of mouse in canonical variate 2 were separated from the other groups. It was thought that these anatomical differences could be caused by genotypic factors as well as dietary differences and many different habits that would affect the way their muscles work.


Assuntos
Mandíbula , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Crânio , Animais , Crânio/anatomia & histologia , Camundongos/anatomia & histologia , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C/anatomia & histologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL/anatomia & histologia , Dente/anatomia & histologia , Análise de Componente Principal , Especificidade da Espécie , Masculino
2.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 135-142, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the application value of combining the Demirjian's method with machine learning algorithms for dental age estimation in northern Chinese Han children and adolescents. METHODS: Oral panoramic images of 10 256 Han individuals aged 5 to 24 years in northern China were collected. The development of eight permanent teeth in the left mandibular was classified into different stages using the Demirjian's method. Various machine learning algorithms, including support vector regression (SVR), gradient boosting regression (GBR), linear regression (LR), random forest regression (RFR), and decision tree regression (DTR) were employed. Age estimation models were constructed based on total, female, and male samples respectively using these algorithms. The fitting performance of different machine learning algorithms in these three groups was evaluated. RESULTS: SVR demonstrated superior estimation efficiency among all machine learning models in both total and female samples, while GBR showed the best performance in male samples. The mean absolute error (MAE) of the optimal age estimation model was 1.246 3, 1.281 8 and 1.153 8 years in the total, female and male samples, respectively. The optimal age estimation model exhibited varying levels of accuracy across different age ranges, which provided relatively accurate age estimations in individuals under 18 years old. CONCLUSIONS: The machine learning model developed in this study exhibits good age estimation efficiency in northern Chinese Han children and adolescents. However, its performance is not ideal when applied to adult population. To improve the accuracy in age estimation, the other variables can be considered.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Algoritmos , Povo Asiático , Aprendizado de Máquina , Radiografia Panorâmica , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , China/etnologia , Pré-Escolar , Adulto Jovem , Mandíbula , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Árvores de Decisões , Etnicidade , População do Leste Asiático
3.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 143-148, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate adolescents and children age using stepwise regression and machine learning methods based on the pulp and tooth volumes of the left maxillary central incisor and cuspid on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, and to compare and analyze the estimation results. METHODS: A total of 498 Shanghai Han adolescents and children CBCT images of the oral and maxillofacial regions were collected. The pulp and tooth volumes of the left maxillary central incisor and cuspid were measured and calculated. Three machine learning algorithms (K-nearest neighbor, ridge regression, and decision tree) and stepwise regression were used to establish four age estimation models. The coefficient of determination, mean error, root mean square error, mean square error and mean absolute error were computed and compared. A correlation heatmap was drawn to visualize and the monotonic relationship between parameters was visually analyzed. RESULTS: The K-nearest neighbor model (R2=0.779) and the ridge regression model (R2=0.729) outperformed stepwise regression (R2=0.617), while the decision tree model (R2=0.494) showed poor fitting. The correlation heatmap demonstrated a monotonically negative correlation between age and the parameters including pulp volume, the ratio of pulp volume to hard tissue volume, and the ratio of pulp volume to tooth volume. CONCLUSIONS: Pulp volume and pulp volume proportion are closely related to age. The application of CBCT-based machine learning methods can provide more accurate age estimation results, which lays a foundation for further CBCT-based deep learning dental age estimation research.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Polpa Dentária , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , China , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Masculino , Algoritmos
4.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 112-117, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847024

RESUMO

Dental age estimation is a crucial aspect and one of the ways to accomplish forensic age estimation, and imaging technology is an important technique for dental age estimation. In recent years, some studies have preliminarily confirmed the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating dental development, providing a new perspective and possibility for the evaluation of dental development, suggesting that MRI is expected to be a safer and more accurate tool for dental age estimation. However, further research is essential to verify its accuracy and feasibility. This article reviews the current state, challenges and limitations of MRI in dental development and age estimation, offering reference for the research of dental age assessment based on MRI technology.


Assuntos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Dente , Humanos , Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Odontologia Legal/métodos
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12630, 2024 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824210

RESUMO

In this study, we present the development of a fine structural human phantom designed specifically for applications in dentistry. This research focused on assessing the viability of applying medical computer vision techniques to the task of segmenting individual teeth within a phantom. Using a virtual cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) system, we generated over 170,000 training datasets. These datasets were produced by varying the elemental densities and tooth sizes within the human phantom, as well as varying the X-ray spectrum, noise intensity, and projection cutoff intensity in the virtual CBCT system. The deep-learning (DL) based tooth segmentation model was trained using the generated datasets. The results demonstrate an agreement with manual contouring when applied to clinical CBCT data. Specifically, the Dice similarity coefficient exceeded 0.87, indicating the robust performance of the developed segmentation model even when virtual imaging was used. The present results show the practical utility of virtual imaging techniques in dentistry and highlight the potential of medical computer vision for enhancing precision and efficiency in dental imaging processes.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imagens de Fantasmas , Dente , Humanos , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/anatomia & histologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Odontologia/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Aprendizado Profundo
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(6): 352, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between tooth colour and individual satisfaction in oral aesthetics has long been a topic of interest. In this study, we utilized the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) to investigate the impacts of sex and age on tooth colour preference. The findings of this study should provide a scientific basis for oral aesthetic practice. METHODS: In the current study, a random selection method was employed, and a survey was completed by 120 patients. To obtain tooth colour data, standard tooth colour charts were used. Smile photos were taken as template images using a single-lens reflex camera. The FAHP was utilized to conduct a weight analysis of tooth colour preferences among patients of different sexes and age groups. RESULTS: There were significant differences in tooth colour preference based on sex and age. Men tend to prefer the B1 colour, while women may prioritize the aesthetic effects of other colours. Additionally, as patients age, their preferences for tooth colour become more diverse. These findings offer valuable insights for oral aesthetics practitioners, enabling them to better address the aesthetic needs of patients across different sexes and ages. This knowledge can aid in the development of more personalized treatment plans that align with patients' expectations. CONCLUSION: In this study, we utilized scientific analysis methods to quantify the popularity of different tooth colours among various groups of people. By doing so, we established a scientific foundation for clinical practice. The findings of this study offer valuable insights for oral aesthetic research, enhancing our understanding of tooth colour. Additionally, these findings have practical applications in the field of oral medicine, potentially improving patients' quality of life and overall oral health.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Etários , Cor , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sorriso , Idoso , Adolescente , Fotografia Dentária , Dente , Preferência do Paciente
7.
Forensic Sci Int ; 360: 112061, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824866

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Teeth are biological structures with a high degree of hardness, density, calcification, and capacity to adapt to extrinsic factors at physical, biological, and physiological levels. Subsequently, they resist for a longer period in deteriorating environmental conditions. With dental analysis, it is possible to acquire biographical data about a person. The aim of this scoping review was to identify publications using human teeth tissues to estimate sexual dimorphism. METHODS: The scoping review was carried out in the following databases: Jstor, Scielo, Science Direct, PubMed, and Scopus, using ten search strategies in English and guaranteeing completeness and reproducibility of the phases stipulated in the PRISMA guide. RESULTS: 143 studies on sexual dimorphism based on dental tissue traits were included, of which 40.6% (n = 58) were done in Asia and 27.2% (n = 39) in America. 80% of the studies (equivalent to 114 articles) focused their observations and measurements on the dental crown; 4.2% in enamel, dentin, and pulp together; 3.5% in dental pulp; 2.1% in the entire tooth; 2.8% in enamel, root, and the enamel-cementum junction, and only 0.7% in dentin and pulp. In addition, 92.3% of the studies used metric methods, while only 4.9% and 2.8% used biochemical and non-metric method respectively. CONCLUSION: For sexual dimorphism establishment, enamel has been the most analyzed dental tissue in permanent canines and molars mainly. Likewise, the most widely and accurately used methods for this purpose are the metrics, with the odontometry as the most implemented (intraoral or by using dental plaster models, digital scanning or software) with prediction percentages ranging from 51% to 95.9%. In contrast to biochemical methods, that can achieve the highest precision (up to 100%), the non-metric methods, to a less extent, reported prediction percentages of 58%.


Assuntos
Odontologia Legal , Caracteres Sexuais , Dente , Humanos , Odontologia Legal/métodos , Dentina , Esmalte Dentário , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0303628, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843230

RESUMO

Genes strictly regulate the development of teeth and their surrounding oral structures. Alteration of gene regulation leads to tooth disorders and developmental anomalies in tooth, oral, and facial regions. With the advancement of gene sequencing technology, genomic data is rapidly increasing. However, the large sets of genomic and proteomic data related to tooth development and dental disorders are currently dispersed in many primary databases and literature, making it difficult for users to navigate, extract, study, or analyze. We have curated the scattered genetic data on tooth development and created a knowledgebase called 'Bioinformatics for Dentistry' (https://dentalbioinformatics.com/). This database compiles genomic and proteomic data on human tooth development and developmental anomalies and organizes them according to their roles in different stages of tooth development. The database is built by systemically curating relevant data from the National Library of Medicine (NCBI) GenBank, OMIM: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, AlphaFold Protein Structure Database, Reactome pathway knowledgebase, Wiki Pathways, and PubMed. The accuracy of the included data was verified from supporting primary literature. Upon data curation and validation, a simple, easy-to-navigate browser interface was created on WordPress version 6.3.2, with PHP version 8.0. The website is hosted in a cloud hosting service to provide fast and reliable data transfer rate. Plugins are used to ensure the browser's compatibility across different devices. Bioinformatics for Dentistry contains four embedded filters for complex and specific searches and free-text search options for quick and simple searching through the datasets. Bioinformatics for Dentistry is made freely available worldwide, with the hope that this knowledgebase will improve our understanding of the complex genetic regulation of tooth development and will open doors to research initiatives and discoveries. This database will be expanded in the future by incorporating resources and built-in sequence analysis tools, and it will be maintained and updated annually.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Dente , Humanos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Dente/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Odontogênese/genética , Odontologia , Proteômica/métodos , Genômica/métodos
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11789, 2024 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866826

RESUMO

Pterosaur remains have been reported from every continent; however, pterosaur skeletons remain rare. A new pterosaur is presented here, Haliskia peterseni gen. et sp. nov., constituting the most complete specimen from Australia from the upper Albian Toolebuc Formation of the Eromanga Basin (Queensland, Australia). A combination of features, including the presence of a premaxillary crest and curved teeth, and the morphology of the scapulocoracoid, support its referral to Anhangueria. Haliskia can be distinguished from all other anhanguerian pterosaurs based on two dental characters: the 4th and 5th tooth pairs are smaller than the 3rd and 6th, and the 2nd and 5th alveoli are smaller than 3-4 and 6-8. Moreover, the hyoid is 70% the total length of the mandible. The phylogenetic analyses presented here place Haliskia within Anhangueria. In one analysis, Haliskia and Ferrodraco are resolved as sister taxa, with Tropeognathus mesembrinus sister to that clade. The other resolves Haliskia, Mythunga and Ferrodraco in a polytomy within Tropeognathinae. The new Australian pterosaur attests to the success of Anhangueria during the latest Early Cretaceous and suggests that the Australian forms were more taxonomically diverse and palaeobiogeographically complex than previously recognized.


Assuntos
Dinossauros , Fósseis , Filogenia , Animais , Fósseis/anatomia & histologia , Dinossauros/anatomia & histologia , Dinossauros/classificação , Austrália , Dente/anatomia & histologia
12.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0300749, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723036

RESUMO

This paper aims to re-examine the dietary practices of individuals buried at Sigatoka Sand Dunes site (Fiji) in Burial Ground 1 excavated by Simon Best in 1987 and 1988 using two approaches and a reassessment of their archaeological, bioarchaeological and chronological frame. First, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis was applied to document dietary changes between childhood and adulthood using an intra-individual approach on paired bone-tooth. Second, the potential adaptation of the individuals to their environment was evaluated through regional and temporal comparisons using inter-individual bone analysis. Ten AMS radiocarbon dates were measured directly on human bone collagen samples, placing the series in a range of approximately 600 years covering the middle of the first millennium CE (1,888 to 1,272 cal BP). δ13C and δ15N ratios were measured on bone and tooth collagen samples from 38 adult individuals. The results show that δ15N values from tooth are higher than those s from bone while bone and tooth δ13C values are similar, except for females. Fifteen individuals were included in an intra-individual analysis based on paired bone and tooth samples, which revealed six dietary patterns distinguished by a differential dietary intake of marine resources and resources at different trophic levels. These highlight sex-specific differences not related to mortuary practices but to daily life activities, supporting the hypothesis of a sexual division of labour. Compared to other Southwest Pacific series, Sigatoka diets show a specific trend towards marine food consumption that supports the hypothesis of a relative food self-sufficiency requiring no interactions with other groups.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos , Sepultamento , Isótopos de Carbono , Isótopos de Nitrogênio , Humanos , Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Feminino , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Masculino , Sepultamento/história , Osso e Ossos/química , Adulto , Fiji , Arqueologia , Dieta/história , Colágeno , História Antiga , Dente/química , Criança , Datação Radiométrica/métodos
13.
Int J Oral Sci ; 16(1): 34, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719817

RESUMO

Accurate segmentation of oral surgery-related tissues from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images can significantly accelerate treatment planning and improve surgical accuracy. In this paper, we propose a fully automated tissue segmentation system for dental implant surgery. Specifically, we propose an image preprocessing method based on data distribution histograms, which can adaptively process CBCT images with different parameters. Based on this, we use the bone segmentation network to obtain the segmentation results of alveolar bone, teeth, and maxillary sinus. We use the tooth and mandibular regions as the ROI regions of tooth segmentation and mandibular nerve tube segmentation to achieve the corresponding tasks. The tooth segmentation results can obtain the order information of the dentition. The corresponding experimental results show that our method can achieve higher segmentation accuracy and efficiency compared to existing methods. Its average Dice scores on the tooth, alveolar bone, maxillary sinus, and mandibular canal segmentation tasks were 96.5%, 95.4%, 93.6%, and 94.8%, respectively. These results demonstrate that it can accelerate the development of digital dentistry.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Humanos , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Inteligência Artificial , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 155: 106552, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701678

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate and compare the mechanical properties of dental training teeth with subtractive and additive computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials used to fabricate dental simulation models. Therefore, the three-axis load generated during cutting movements, including drilling and milling performed using a dental handpiece, was measured and compared. The samples were cut vertically downward by 1.5 mm, horizontally by 6 mm, and vertically upward at a constant speed (1 mm/s), while the rotational speed of the bur was maintained at 200,000 rotations per minute. A three-axis load cell was used to measure the X-, Y-, and Z-axis loads on the specimen. The median value of the X-, Y-, and Z-axis measurements and the resultant load during the vertical-downward, horizontal, and vertical-upward movements were compared using a one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc test. For vertical downward movement, the drilling force of the dental training teeth was lower than that of Vita Enamic® and similar to that of Lava™ Ultimate. In contrast to subtractive CAD/CAM blocks, the drilling force of the dental training teeth was higher than that of 3D-printed resin blocks. Regarding horizontal movement, the milling force of dental training teeth was lower than that of Vita Enamic®. In contrast, the milling force of Nissin was similar to that of Lava™ Ultimate, while that of Frasaco was lower. Furthermore, compared to additive CAD/CAM blocks, the milling force of the dental training teeth was higher than that of 3D-printed resin blocks. Regarding vertical upward movement, the resultant loads of dental training teeth was lower than that of Vita Enamic®. Similarly, the resultant load of Nissin was similar to that of Lava™ Ultimate, while that of Frasaco was lower. Additionally, compared to additive CAD/CAM blocks, the resultant loads of the dental training teeth were similar to those of the 3D-printed resin blocks.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Teste de Materiais , Testes Mecânicos , Dente/fisiologia
15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 669: 64-74, 2024 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705113

RESUMO

The intricate organization of goethite nanorods within a silica-rich matrix makes limpet teeth the strongest known natural material. However, the mineralization pathway of goethite in organisms under ambient conditions remains elusive. Here, by investigating the multi-level structure of limpet teeth at different growth stages, it is revealed that the growth of goethite crystals proceeds by the attachment of amorphous nanoparticles, a nonclassical crystallization pathway widely observed during the formation of calcium-based biominerals. Importantly, these nanoparticles contain a high amount of silica, which is gradually expelled during the growth of goethite. Moreover, in mature teeth of limpet, the content of silica correlates with the size of goethite crystals, where smaller goethite crystals are densely packed in the leading part with higher content of silica. Correspondingly, the leading part exhibits higher hardness and elastic modulus. Thus, this study not only reveals the nonclassical crystallization pathway of goethite nanorods in limpet teeth, but also highlights the critical roles of silica in controlling the hierarchical structure and the mechanical properties of limpet teeth, thus providing inspirations for fabricating biomimetic materials with excellent properties.


Assuntos
Cristalização , Compostos de Ferro , Minerais , Nanopartículas , Nanotubos , Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/química , Minerais/química , Nanotubos/química , Compostos de Ferro/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Dente/química , Gastrópodes/química , Tamanho da Partícula
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 938: 173352, 2024 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38796021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metal(oid)s have been cross-sectionally associated with lung function outcomes in childhood but there is limited data on their combined effects starting in utero. Child sex may further modify these effects. OBJECTIVE: Examine associations between in utero and early life exposure to metals assessed via novel dentine biomarkers and childhood lung function and explore effect modification by child sex. METHODS: Analyses included 291 children enrolled in the Programming Research in Obesity, Growth, Environment and Social Stressors (PROGRESS) study, a longitudinal birth cohort study in Mexico City. Weekly dentine levels of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), and lead (Pb) were measured from 15 weeks pre-birth to 15 weeks post birth in deciduous children's teeth. Lung function was tested at ages 8-14 years and then modeled as age, height and sex adjusted z-scores. Associations were modeled using lagged weighted quantile sum (LWQS) regression to evaluate the potential for a time-varying mixture effect adjusting for maternal age and education at enrollment and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in pregnancy. Models were also stratified by sex. RESULTS: We identified a window of susceptibility at 12-15 weeks pre-birth in which the metal mixture was associated with lower FVC z-scores in children aged 8-14 years. Cd and Mn were the largest contributors to the mixture effect (70 %). There was also some evidence of effect modification by sex, in which the mean weights and weighted correlations over the identified window was more evident in males when compared to females. In the male stratum, Cd, Mn and additionally Pb also dominated the mixture association. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal metal(oid) exposure was associated with lower lung function in childhood. These findings underscore the need to consider both mixtures and windows of susceptibility to fully elucidate effects of prenatal metal(oid) exposure on childhood lung function.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Criança , Feminino , México , Masculino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Metais/análise , Metaloides/análise , Poluentes Ambientais , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Metais Pesados/análise , Testes de Função Respiratória
17.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 24(2): 101984, 2024 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821655

RESUMO

ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Tooth autotransplantation: an umbrella review. Tan BL, Tong HJ, Narashimhan S, Banihani A, Nazzal H, Duggal MS. Dent Traumatol 2023;39(Suppl 1):2-29. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Open access funding provided by the Qatar National Library TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Umbrella review.


Assuntos
Dente , Transplante Autólogo , Humanos , Dente/transplante , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 35(4): 1143-1145, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709070

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is important to generate predictable statistical models by increasing the number of variables on the human skeletal and soft tissue structures on the face to increase the accuracy of human facial reconstructions. The purpose of this study was to determine mouth width 3-dimensionally based on statistical regression model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography scan data from 130 individuals were used to measure the horizontal and vertical dimensions of orbital and nasal structures and intercanine width. The correlation between these hard tissue variables and the mouth width was evaluated using the statistical regression model. RESULTS: Orbital width, nasal width, and intercanine width were found to be strong predictors of the mouth width determination and were used to generate the regression formulae to find the most approximate position of the mouth. CONCLUSION: These specific variables may contribute to improving the accuracy of mouth width determination for oral and maxillofacial reconstructions.


Assuntos
Face , Reconstrução Mandibular , Boca , Análise de Regressão , Boca/anatomia & histologia , Boca/diagnóstico por imagem , Face/anatomia & histologia , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/anatomia & histologia , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Olho/anatomia & histologia , Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Nariz/anatomia & histologia , Nariz/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos
19.
Science ; 384(6697): 740-741, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753804

RESUMO

Using tools increases foraging success in sea otters and protects their teeth from damage.


Assuntos
Lontras , Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas , Dente , Animais
20.
Science ; 384(6697): 798-802, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753790

RESUMO

Although tool use may enhance resource utilization, its fitness benefits are difficult to measure. By examining longitudinal data from 196 radio-tagged southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis), we found that tool-using individuals, particularly females, gained access to larger and/or harder-shelled prey. These mechanical advantages translated to reduced tooth damage during food processing. We also found that tool use diminishes trade-offs between access to different prey, tooth condition, and energy intake, all of which are dependent on the relative prey availability in the environment. Tool use allowed individuals to maintain energetic requirements through the processing of alternative prey that are typically inaccessible with biting alone, suggesting that this behavior is a necessity for the survival of some otters in environments where preferred prey are depleted.


Assuntos
Lontras , Comportamento Predatório , Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas , Dente , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Lontras/fisiologia
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